Fact and Opinion

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Facts and opinions

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Fact and Opinion

Facts and Opinions:

A fact is a specific detail that can be proven as true based on objective evidence. An opinion is a feeling, judgment, belief, or conclusion that cannot be proven true by objective evidence. Objective proof can be one or more of the following: physical evidence, an eyewitness account, or the result of an accepted scientific method. Facts and Opinions

Separating Fact from Opinion:

Know the traits of facts and opinions. Fact: Spinach is a source of iron. Opinion: Spinach tastes awful. Separating Fact from Opinion

Facts and Opinions:

Fact Objective States reality Can be verified Presented with unbiased words “Spinach is a form of iron.” Opinion Subjective Interprets reality Can NOT be verified Presented with value words “Spinach tastes awful.” Facts and Opinions

Ask Questions to Identify Facts:

Can the statement be proved or demonstrated to be true? Can the statement be observed in practice or operation? Can the statement be verified by witnesses, manuscripts, or documents? Ask Questions to Identify Facts

Fact or Opinion?:

__A spinning class is a group exercise program of about 45 minutes riding on a stationary bike. __A spinning class is a form of torture. Fact or Opinion?

Fact or Opinion?:

F A spinning class is a group exercise program of about 45 minutes riding on a stationary bike. (Can be verified by going to a class.) O A spinning class is a form of torture. (Some people may enjoy the class.) Fact or Opinion?

Note Biased Words to Identify Opinions:

Look for biased words. They express opinions, value judgments and interpretations and are often loaded with emotion. Note: Note Biased Words to Identify Opinions A sentence can include both facts and opinions .

Biased Words:

awful amazing better best bad beautiful believe disgusting exciting favorite frightful fun horrible miserable never probably think smart Biased Words

Example::

“In point of fact, computers make life miserable.” Explanation: “Miserable” makes this a general opinion. Example:

Example::

“The great grasslands of the West should not have been plowed under for crops.” Explanation: The grasslands were plowed under, but whether or not they “should not have been” is a matter of opinion. Example:

Note Qualifiers to Identify Opinions:

Beware of false facts, or statements presented as facts that are actually untrue. A qualifier may express an absolute, unwavering opinion using words like always or never. Note Qualifiers to Identify Opinions

Example:

“Exercise is the only sure way to lose weight.” “Only” is a qualifier and makes this statement an opinion. Example

Think Carefully about Supposed “Facts”:

Beware of opinions stated to sound like facts. Note: Phrases like “in truth,” “the truth of the matter,” or “in fact” are examples. Think Carefully about Supposed “Facts”

Example::

“In truth, the earliest humans lived at the same time as dinosaurs.” Explanation: Fossil records and scientific research have proved this to be a false fact. Example:

Evaluate the Context of the Passage:

Alexander the Great was one of the greatest military leaders in world history. He was born in Pella, Macedonia. The exact date of his birth was probably July 20 or 26, 356 B.C. Shortly before his 33 rd birthday, Alexander the Great died. The cause of his death remains unknown. Evaluate the Context of the Passage Is each statement a fact, opinion, or fact/opinion both?

Evaluate the Context of the Passage:

F/O His name and title are factual, but the value word greatest is an opinion. F This statement can be verified in historical records. O The word probably makes this a statement of opinion. F This statement can be checked and verified as true. F This is a factual statement that something isn’t known. Evaluate the Context of the Passage

Evaluate the Context of the Author:

An informed opinion is developed by gathering and analyzing evidence. An expert opinion is developed through much training and extensive knowledge in a given field. Evaluate the Context of the Author

Examples::

Informed opinion: Shopping around for a car Researching an essay for a college class Expert opinion: Doctor’s diagnosis of an illness Economics professor’s lecture on the economy Examples:

Evaluate the Context of the Source:

Examples of good factual sources: Medical dictionary English handbook World Atlas Evaluate the Context of the Source

Review:

A fact is a specific detail that is true based on objective proof. An opinion is an interpretation, value judgment, or belief that cannot be proved or disproved. Objective proof can be physical evidence, an eyewitness account, or the result of an accepted scientific method. An informed opinion is developed by gathering and analyzing evidence. Review

Review:

An expert opinion is developed through much training and extensive knowledge in a given field. A fact states reality. An opinion interprets reality. A fact uses unbiased words. An opinion uses biased words. Review

Based on the book: The Effective Reader by DJ Henry. http://www.google.com.mx/search?sourceid=navclient&aq=&oq=&hl=es&ie=UTF-8&rlz=1T4TSHL_esCR438CR438&q=fact+and+opinions+ppt&gs_l=hp..4.41l47.0.0.0.3419...........0. Created by Gretchen Starks Martin:

Based on the book: The Effective Reader by DJ Henry. http://www.google.com.mx/search?sourceid=navclient&aq=&oq=&hl=es&ie=UTF-8&rlz=1T4TSHL_esCR438CR438&q=fact+and+opinions+ppt&gs_l=hp..4.41l47.0.0.0.3419...........0. Created by Gretchen Starks Martin SOURCE

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