MI 221 Roman Catholicism-1 & 2

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World Religions and Missions:

World Religions and Missions Robert D. Patton Missionary to Suriname, South America

Roman Catholicism:

Roman Catholicism

Where are the RC churches?:

Where are the RC churches? Southwestern Europe North America – USA, and French Canadian Quebec Central and South America Italy, Spain, Portugal, France Philippine Islands – rapidly changing

Roman Catholicism:

Roman Catholicism Dominant figure in the middle ages politics, art, literature, education

Roman Catholicism:

Roman Catholicism Many of the central beliefs of the faith virgin birth, trinity, sinlessness of Christ, atonement, deity of Christ

Is the Roman Catholic church Christian?:

Is the Roman Catholic church Christian? They believe that the Bible is the Word of God. They believe that Christians will go to heaven to be with Jesus Then what is the problem?

Roman Catholics - Haiti:

Roman Catholics - Haiti

R.C. church, Haiti:

R.C. church, Haiti

The problem is what is added:

The problem is what is added Church built on Peter, who was the first pope Purgatory after death to clean from sin Prayer to Mary and dead saints Images to kneel to Confession to a priest, who absolves Mass as a saving sacrament

Added…:

Added… Veneration of Mary Holy Water Canonization of dead saints Rosary Celibacy in the priesthood Tradition of the church = the Bible

Altar, R. C. church, Europe:

Altar, R. C. church, Europe

History of the Roman Catholic Church:

History of the Roman Catholic Church Some church fathers, such as Irenaeus , favored apostolic authority Five centers of the church arose – Antioch, Jerusalem, Constantinople, Rome, and Alexandria. Rome was the center of the empire, and gradually rose to prominence

History of Roman Catholicism:

History of Roman Catholicism The school of Panteneus became prominent, with Clement of Alexandria and especially Origen This school was heavily influenced by Greek philosophy and used the allegorical method of interpretation, allowing many new practices

History of Roman Catholicism:

History of Roman Catholicism Constantine, many heathen became nominal Christians, including heathen priests Their heathen practices, which were “Christianized” – became church traditions

History of Roman Catholicism:

History of Roman Catholicism Constantine claimed the title Pontifex maximus , (the big bridge) and was considered the head of the church When he relocated the capitol of the empire to Constantinople, that title fell to the bishop of Rome .

History of Roman Catholicism:

History of Roman Catholicism The bishops saved Rome from the vandals, especially Leo I He also led the council of Chalcedon and was accepted as the mouthpiece: “Peter has spoken through Leo…” Gregory the great sent missionaries to England – which became Catholic

History of Roman Catholicism:

History of Roman Catholicism Their power increased. The Pope crowned Charlemagne as emperor in 800 But 900, Europe was Roman Catholic. For some time, the German kings had a lot of influence – Otto I

History of Roman Catholicism:

History of Roman Catholicism Gregory VII struggled with the king of Germany for ultimate power Scholasticism arose and The pope reached maximum power with Innocent III. He was the most powerful man in Europe

History of Roman Catholicism:

History of Roman Catholicism Eastern Christianity was now Greek Orthodox based in Constantinople; western was based in Rome In the 11 th century, the eastern and western branches split, and were not reconciled until about 50 years ago!

Corruption increased in the church:

Corruption increased in the church The popes became weaker, France dominated, and once there were even three popes, each of whom excommunicated the other! There was a time when the popes were out of Rome, and in France

The Protestant revolution:

The Protestant revolution They began to increase selling indulgences to raise funds Beginning with Luther’s 95 thesis in the 16 th century, Protestants rebelled from Rome, and ultimately over the next 150 years, Rome lost most of northern Europe. However, through exploration, she gained “converts” in other lands, particularly in the Western Hemisphere.

The Protestant revolution:

The Protestant revolution S elling indulgences to raise funds Luther’s 95 thesis in the 16 th century Protestants rebelled from Rome, and ultimately Over the next 150 years, Rome lost most of northern Europe.

Catholic counter-revolution:

Catholic counter-revolution Stopped selling most indulgences Worked on reducing open immorality The council of Trent in the mid 16 th century declared salvation by faith alone an anathema. Those doctrines persist until today and have NOT changed with Vatican I & II

Catholic suppression:

Catholic suppression The ban – all books written by Protestants The Bible forbidden, esp. translations The inquisition – terrible torture to make believers recant or suffer horrible death

Inquisition:

Inquisition

Inquisition torture chamber:

Inquisition torture chamber

History of unbiblical teachings:

History of unbiblical teachings Prayers for the dead – 300 AD Veneration of angels & dead saints – 300 Mass – daily celebration – 375 Mary = mother of God – 431 Extreme unction – 526 Purgatory – 593 Praying to Mary, dead saints & angels- 600

History of unbiblical teachings:

History of unbiblical teachings 783 – Veneration of Mary officially accepted Council of Nicea 787 – veneration of relics and images Canonization of saints 995 Mass – 11 th century Celibacy of priesthood – Gregory VII – 1079 Rosary 1090

History of unbiblical teachings:

History of unbiblical teachings Inquisition – 1184 Indulgences sold – 1190 Transubstantiation Innocent III – 1215 Auricular confession to priest – 1220 Adoration of wafer -1220 Bible placed on forbidden books - 1229

History of unbiblical teachings:

History of unbiblical teachings Cup forbidden to people – 1414 Purgatory – 1439 Jesuit order – 1534 Tradition equal to Bible – 1546 (Council of Trent). Also added the apocrypha at the same time Immaculate conception of Virgin Mary 1854

History of unbiblical teachings:

History of unbiblical teachings Syllabus of errors – no free speech, religion, conscience, press or scientific discoveries disapproved by the Roman Church Infallibility of pope 1870 Assumption of Virgin Mary 1950 Mary = mother of the church - 1965

History of unbiblical teachings 1545-1563 Council of Trent:

History of unbiblical teachings 1545-1563 Council of Trent Doctrine both from tradition of the church as well as scriptures Seven sacraments Communion with lay only eating bread only priests drink the wine Purgatory Indulgences

History of unbiblical teachings 1545-1563 Council of Trent:

History of unbiblical teachings 1545-1563 Council of Trent Mass is a propitiatory sacrifice Anathema –, salvation by faith alone apart from works & other Protestant doctrines None of these have been rejected by Vatican II

Roman Catholic church:

Roman Catholic church

Roman Catholic doctrine of the church:

Roman Catholic doctrine of the church No freedom of religion – not free to choose based on conscience & reason Salvation only through the church The Roman Catholic church is the only true church The church’s power is superior to that of civil authorities Union of church and state desired

Roman Catholic doctrine of the church:

Roman Catholic doctrine of the church Marriage is a sacrament and void without the church – no secular marriage All other religions should be banned from the state The church has the right to direct all education; no public education system Church is basically bishops and priests; laity are passive in Catholic countries

Roman Catholic structure:

Roman Catholic structure Cardinals subject to the pope – no other work Archbishops control the bishops, who give allegiance directly to the pope Priests are directly under the bishops Laity are under the priests Autocratic system with no direct appeal ‘ Totalitarian, especially after the infallibility of the pope

R.C. priest - USA:

R.C. priest - USA

The priest considered:

The priest considered Man of God – reject him and you reject God. He has the power and authority of God Himself Priest can remit sins Laity fear the priest – he, Mary & the church are mediators with God Of course – totally against the Bible, especially outlined in Hebrews 9 & 10

Training for priesthood:

Training for priesthood Usually young boys with 12 years of intensive indoctrination; usually at least 24 years old Cut off from outside world Big temptation of sex His training is only for priesthood, and he is told if he leaves, he finds no work Never loses ordination

Celibacy:

Celibacy Gradual development – started about 1000 years ago Major problem for both priests and nuns Immorality quite common & abuse of young people and homosexuality Advantages to the church: Priests & nuns can easily be moved Their goods end up going to the church

Authority & tradition:

Authority & tradition Protestant authority – the Bible Catholic – the Bible + written traditions + the apocrypha + oral traditions But traditions often contradict themselves and are not divine in origin Jesus Christ and the apostles never quoted from the apocrypha , but Catholics commit a MORTAL sin if they do not accept them

Jesus condemned tradition:

Jesus condemned tradition Mark 7:8, 9, 13 …Ye leae the commandment of God, tht ye may keep your tradition...making void the word of God by your tradition... B ut in vain do they worship me, teaching as their doctrines the traditions of men – Mt. 15:3, 6, 9 Don’t ADD or SUBTRACT – Rev. 22:18-19

Scripture forbidden in the native tongue for centuries:

Scripture forbidden in the native tongue for centuries Even today, if a Catholic reads the KJV, that is a MORTAL sin Rome discourages Bible study, especially if not their authorized version Laity told they cannot understand the Bible, and often the priests do not know the Bible either

Peter, the first pope:

Peter, the first pope Misunderstanding of Petros (his name, a small stone) and petra (a huge rock) – his teaching that Jesus is the Christ Keys – the authority to bind and loose given to all apostles: Mt. 18:1, 18 False teachings may block the entrance (of people) to heaven: Mt. 23:13

Peter rejects papal authority for himself:

Peter rejects papal authority for himself He is a fellow elder: I Peter 1:1 Paul was not afraid to challenge Peter directly, and Peter took it Other apostles did not look at Peter as the boss – choosing of Mattias was by election, not by Peter’s selection

Was Peter in Rome:

Was Peter in Rome No evidence – in Acts 27 & 28, in the conclusion of Romans, which mentions 26 names, but not Peter

Roman Catholic Pope:

Roman Catholic Pope

The Pope:

The Pope Based on Mt. 16:18 [ 18 ] And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. The wrong Rock – not Peter but Christ We are commissioned to preach the gospel – those who receive it are forgiven of their sins

Claims of the RC church:

Claims of the RC church The pope is the king of heaven, earth, and hell (he can release from purgatory)

The Pope:

The Pope Recent dogma declares that when the Pope speaks “ex cathedra” on doctrinal matters as pope, then he is infallible. Many popes immoral and incredibly wicked three popes at once, each claiming the title and excommunicating the other two.

Infallible pope:

Infallible pope Only when directed to the entire church, seated in the papal chair, over matters of faith and morals Peter was not infallible, and was corrected by Paul. Bible never says a man is infallible. But now theological discussion was limited; only the pope was infallible, and discussion then ended

The Catholic pope:

The Catholic pope

Traditions of Mary:

Traditions of Mary Mother of God & Queen of heaven Immaculate conception – born without sin – contradicted in Luke 1: 46 ] And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, [ 47 ] And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour . Assumption (raised directly to heaven)

Mary:

Mary Many mother-child combinations in heathen religion. It appears that the heathen priests brought this concept into the church with them when they were admitted to fellowship

The virgin Mary:

The virgin Mary

Traditions of Mary:

Traditions of Mary Perpetual virginity – no: Mt. 1:19-20, 24-25; [ 24 ] Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife:[ 25 ] And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son : and he called his name JESUS.

Traditions of Mary:

Traditions of Mary Perpetual virginity – Mt. 13:[ 55 ] Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses , and Simon, and Judas?[ 56 ] And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then hath this man all these things?

The assumption of Mary:

The assumption of Mary She went directly to heaven without dying There is absolutely no biblical support

Mary going to heaven:

Mary going to heaven

Traditions of Mary:

Traditions of Mary Co-redeemer & co-mediator with Christ – I Tim. 2:5 [ 5 ] For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; Jn. 14:6 [ 6 ] Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. This position undermines the adequacy of the sacrificial death of Christ

Catholic pix – note prominence of Mary:

Catholic pix – note prominence of Mary

Mary, “Queen of heaven”:

Mary, “Queen of heaven” She gives pardon from sins & restores them; you are lost without Mary Has all power in heaven & earth Makes peace between sinners & God Every knee shall bow before her RC church has Mary usurp the position of Jesus Christ, her savior

Mary, “Queen of heaven”:

Mary, “Queen of heaven” Notice Jesus relationship with his mother: Whosoever does the will of my Father in heaven, he is my brother and sister and mother What wouldst thou have me to do woman … and hers – Do whatsoever he tells you (Confraternity version) Their own translation denies their doctrine..

Why Mariolotry? :

Why Mariolotry ? Boettner in his classic book believes that she is the model of submission which enables the church to control RC women – to produce large familes , or to become a nun – relatively free labor for the church

Doctrine of Purgatory:

Doctrine of Purgatory Sale of indulgences to shorten the time in Purgatory Saying masses & prayers for the dead Further the Catholic church believes that you must be subject to the Pope and come through the church for salvation.

The Catholic route to heaven:

The Catholic route to heaven Catholic church believes that you must be subject to the Pope and come through the church for salvation.

Roman Catholic priest in action:

Roman Catholic priest in action

The mass – an unbloody sacrifice:

The mass – an unbloody sacrifice The mass is totally unbiblical, and is rejected by Hebrews 9-10… Heb. 9:22 Without shedding of blood, there is no remission One sacrifice for sins to remove them forever

The mass:

The mass Part I – the sacrifice of Christ for the sins of the living and the dead A complicated ritual reinacting the last night and crucifixion of Christ Never mentioned in scripture Teaching that God actually comes at the priest’s bidding and places himself in the hands of the priest

The mass:

The mass Taken literally rather than symbolically. Do this in membrance of me means it is symbolic and a reminder of His sacrifice for us The mass denies the sacrifice once for all – See Heb. 7:27; 9:12; 9:22-29; 10:10-14 In practice, the mass denies the efficacy of Christ’s atoning death on the cross Failure to attend on Sunday – MORTAL sin

The mass:

The mass You pay for the type of mass – high mass more expensive Can help you get out of purgatory faster

Sacraments esssential to salvation:

Sacraments esssential to salvation Baptism Confirmation Eucharist (mass) Penance Extreme unction Others not demanded: Marriage Ordination

RC baptism:

RC baptism Believe necessary for salvation, even for infants & forgives all past sins They have a method of prenatal baptism Now – all unbaptized infants go to Limbus infantum – no positive pain Method of getting everyone into the Catholic church as early as possible

Confirmation:

Confirmation Bishop lays hands on the child to give the Holy Spirit Of course, this is TOTALLY unscriptural No man can give the Holy Spirit The Holy Spirit is in every true believer, but not in anyone who has not received Christ

Penance:

Penance Sins committed after baptism are forgiven by the priest The priest will give outward acts – rosary, fastings , flagellation, etc. No emphasis no repentance with genuine sorrow for sins directed toward God. Fear of punishment substituted for true repentance

Penance:

Penance Teaches forgiveness is partial, and dependent on works. Penance makes Christ an insufficient savior Penance takes glory from God – rejects the teaching of Augustine, who believed in grace Many verses against this: Gal. 2:16; Rom. 3:21-22, 28;11:6, 4:3-5, 5:1; Jn. 3:36; Acts 16:31

Indulgences:

Indulgences Remission of temporal punishment for sins after the sin is forgiven(!) Usually refers to purgatory The pope uses some of the merit of the saints stored up Of course, dying in mortal sin, you go straight to hell and nothing can help

Extreme unction:

Extreme unction When someone is near death by sickness with holy oil – eyes, ears, nose, hands feet to offset sins Best you can hope for is to get to purgatory, and shorten the time by masses Started 12 th century

Matrimony:

Matrimony Started in middle ages Only by a priest, and could not be dissolved Charges a price for it – many places they have common law marriages as a result

Sacraments confer grace:

Sacraments confer grace Automatically by outward action But in reality, it is an outward sign of inward grace bestowed by the Holy Spirit

Confessional:

Confessional The sins are confessed to the priest, who has power to forgive sins. He does not need to ask God to forgive your sins; it is the same as if Jesus Christ forgave your sins! Confession is made to God, Virgin Mary, Michael the archangel, John the Baptist, apostles Peter and Paul, all the saints, and to the priest – repeated x3!

Confession:

Confession Started Innocent III – 1215 compulsory at least yearly Mortal sins = condemn to hell if not confessed; if confessed, still some payment in purgatory. Breaking 10 commandments, pride, covetousness, lust, anger, gluttony, envy, sloth. All sexual sins in word, thought or deed, going to a Protestant church or reading a Protestant Bible

Confession:

Confession Priest is taking the place of Jesus as the one mediator between God & man Priest can absolve sin even if he is in the state of mortal sin himself Often vicious sins are hidden and confessed with mild punishment Goes totally against many promises of eternal security

Confessional gives power:

Confessional gives power The priest can pry open the secret thoughts of everyone. Though he is not supposed to tell, some do. Priests realize they cannot really forgive sins Council of Trent denies that you must have true sorrow for sins; fear of otherwise burning in hell is enough

Purgatory:

Purgatory Say you forgive, but demand payment Suffering without the Holy Spirit’s influence will not reform – thus the RC error RC church uses this for money – if he were really a good man, why would not a priest say masses without charge? Especially asking money first, then mass

Purgatory repudiated by the Bible:

Purgatory repudiated by the Bible I Jn. 1:7,9 – cleansing from ALL sin II Cor. 5:8 –absent from the body, present with the Lord I Peter 3:8 Christ also suffered for sins ONCE … Heb. 10:17 All their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more

Ritualism:

Ritualism Heavily used in the mass, ordination of the pope, etc. Images forbidden in the 10 commandments – RC church removes the verse in the catechism, and splits the 10 th into two to maintain proper # Images supported by the church, pope, and councils

Scapular & Rosary:

Scapular & Rosary Two pieces of cloth worn inside with pictures of Virgin Mary – protects against going to hell Rosary – condemned because of routine repetition (Mt. 6:7-8) Addresses Mary 10 times as much as God the Father; no prayer to Jesus

Relics & Pilgrimages :

Relics & Pilgrimages Relics are often (?always) fraudulent. More pieces of the cross than would fill a boat Holy Water – just add salt to water and have the priest bless it Special merit – Rome, Lourdes, Fatima, Prayers for the dead – tied to purgatory

Parochial schools:

Parochial schools Catholic church believes that all children should go only to Catholic schools In many countries, oppose public schools or attempt to have the government support Catholic schools Books are favoring Catholic doctrine and history Usually taught by nuns

Catholics and schools:

Catholics and schools Christian schools (non-Catholic) are opposed Education usually inferior, though not always so Educational level in Catholic dominated societies is often low

Catholic marriages:

Catholic marriages View other marriages as invalid If Protestant marries Catholic Must be done by priest Children must all be raised Catholic Divorce easy for the Catholic in a mixed marriage – simply declare it invalid and annulled Divorce rate = to Protestants

Morals:

Morals The following tolerated if not done in excess: Drinking alcohol – if not drunk > 1 hour Gambling Theft of small amounts Lying if needful

Evangelizing Catholics:

Evangelizing Catholics Learn the truth of Catholicism Pray for Catholics to get saved Stimulate their thought about their salvation Help them with true Bible study

Evangelizing Catholics:

Evangelizing Catholics Teach them what is necessary for forgiveness of sins Urge them to break with Catholic traditions and behavior, such as the rosary

Evangelizing Catholics:

Evangelizing Catholics Support them emotionally when they leave – Both family and church will pressure them to return

Important facts re salvation:

Important facts re salvation Sinners are saved by a personal relationship with Jesus Christ, and not by baptism Sins are cleansed by the blood of Christ, not by the fires of purgatory

Important facts re salvation:

Important facts re salvation Sins are forgiven by the work of Jesus on the cross, and not by indulgences, good works, etc. Grace is not by works; otherwise it is not grace

Persecution by Roman Catholicism:

Persecution by Roman Catholicism The church has persecuted where it was in power: The inquisition The St. Bartholomew massacre of the Hugenots Persecution in England, especially under “Bloody Mary”

Persecution:

Persecution More modern persecution Croats killed many Orthodox Serbs Columbia – many Protestants killed

Classic philosophy:

Classic philosophy Roman Catholicism is the only true religion, and has the right to suppress others religions or eliminate them Other religions tolerated when Catholics are in a minority Other groups are small and not aggressively evangelizing

Two effective methods:

Two effective methods Inquisition, with torture and murder of those who disagree The ban – all below a bishop are forbidden to read the Bible without RC commentary, and other books criticizing Catholicism

Persecution:

Persecution Persecution occurred frequently in North and South America where Catholicism was in power, but it has been less in recent years Many priests have been involved in liberation theology, which has led to persecution…

St. Bartholomew Day Massacre:

St. Bartholomew Day Massacre

Persecution of Waldensians:

Persecution of Waldensians

Folk religion in Catholicism:

Folk religion in Catholicism Catholics have a policy of syncretism, so folk religion could be expected. One of the more common would be Santeria, from Cuba and the West Indies

Santeria ceremony:

Santeria ceremony

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