Noun Functions of Infinitive Phrase

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Infinitive phrase functions as noun. Noun functions include subject of the sentence, appositive, predicative nominative, and subject complement.

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Infinitive Phrase:

Infinitive Phrase (Noun Functions of Infinitive)

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to break a glass to throw the ball past the dazed guard to cut the rope from the dangling box of silver An infinitive phrase begins with an infinitive “to” + base form of a verb. It includes an object and/or modifiers.

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Exercise: He moved to pour me another glass of wine. to pour To join the Philippine army is his biggest dream. to join Jenny stooped to look closely at the lacerations. to look The boss wishes to speak to us alone. to speak Remember to buy a jug of milk at the store. to buy

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Infinitive Phrase can function as:

Infinitive Phrase and Its Noun Functions:

Infinitive Phrase and Its Noun Functions NOUN Subject Complement Direct Object Appositive Noun Complement Subject of the Sentence

Subject of the Sentence:

Subject of the Sentence To leave your job would be a grave mistake. To leave your job would be a grave mistake . Subject verb adjective To look at her was pleasure enough. To look at her was pleasure enough . Subject verb adjective adverb

Subject Complement:

Subject Complement His dream is to build a vast aquarium. His dream is to build a vast aquarium . Subject (L)verb subject complement The regiment’s target was to siege the city. The regiment’s target was to siege the city . Subject (L)verb subject complement

Direct Object:

Direct Object I once tried to make cake. I once tried to make cake . Subject verb object of the sentence We decided to leave. We decided to run. Subject verb object of the sentence

Appositive:

Appositive Your plan, to hold a dance, was approved by Mr. Li. Your plan , to hold a dance , was approved by Mr. Li . Subject appositive verb prep. Phrase Her one desire in life, to play for the Shohoku team, seemed impossible. Her one desire in life , to play for the Shohoku team , Subject appositive seemed impossible. verb adjective

Noun Complement:

Noun Complement Their intention to win the argument failed. Their intention to win the argument failed . Subject noun complement verb Paz’s aim to shoot the enemy’s line materialized. Paz’s aim to shoot the enemy’s line materialized . Subject noun complement verb

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