Past Participle powerpoint

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Past Participle:

Past Participle Chapter 5A

Past Participle:

Past Participle The Past Participle The past participle is a specific form of the verb that usually ends in - ado or - ido . This is not a conjugated form because it does not change to agree with the subject. The past participle verb form has two uses.

Past Participle:

Past Participle 1. It may be used after a conjugated form of the helping verb, haber , as part of a compound verb (a verb tense that requires more than one word to create). When used as a verb, it always ends in - o because it does not need to agree with the subject in number or gender. This type of past participle will be called the “pure past participle” to indicate that you should not mess with its ending. 2. It is the base form used to create an adjective from a verb. When used as an adjective, the past participle verb form must be adapted to match the gender and number of the noun it modifies. Just about every verb can be made into an adjective by using its past participle form.

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No verb undergoes a stem change in its past participle form, and all - ar verbs have regular past participle forms. To create the past participle form of an - ar verb, replace the - ar infinitive ending with - ado . Past Participle Form of - ar Verbs Past Participle cantar (to sing) cantado (sung) tomar (to take) tomado (taken) cerrar (to close) cerrado (closed) jugar (to play) jugado (played) pensar (to think) pensado (thought)

Slide 5:

When an English verb ends in - ed it may be in its past participle form or in a past tense conjugation. There is only one way to know for sure that it is a past participle rather than the past tense: A past participle is always preceded by some form of the helping verb “to have” (namely, have, has, or had). For example: Yesterday, I wrote (past tense). I have written (past participle). Last week, I called (past tense). I have called (past participle) many times. Yesterday, he did (past tense) his homework. He has done (past participle) it every day.

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The regular past participles of - er and - ir verbs are exactly alike . Any - ir or - er verb that does not appear on the irregular list has a past participle formed by removing the - er or - ir infinitive ending and replacing it with - ido . TABLE 2Past Participle Forms of Regular - er and - ir Verbs Past Participle beber (to drink) bebido (drunk) prometer (to promise) prometido (promised) preferir (to prefer) preferido (preferred) vestir (to dress) vestido (dressed)

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Verbs with Irregular Past Participle Forms. Past Participle abrir (to open) abierto (opened) cubrir (to cover) cubierto (covered) decir (to say) dicho (said) freír (to fry) frito (fried) hacer (to make) hecho (made)

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morir (to die) muerto (dead) poner (to put) puesto (put) resolver (to resolve) resuelto (resolved) romper (to break) roto (broken) ver (to see) visto (seen) volver (to return) vuelto (returned)

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To preserve the stress on the correct syllable, any verb that ends in - aer , - eer , or - oír will have an accent on the í of its past participle ending . caer (to fall) caído (fallen) creer (to believe) creído (believed) leer (to read) leído (read) oír (to hear) oído (heard) reír (to laugh) reído (laughed traer (to bring) traído (brought)

Practice the past participle:

Practice the past participle Past Participle Participles as adjectives_files Past Participle Quiz #1_files Past Participle Test #1_files