Modern Theorists III-Revolutionary War

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Modern Theorists III: Revolutionary War:

Modern Theorists III: Revolutionary War 8801 Iraqi Freedom, Chapter 2

Modern Theorists: Air - Strategic and Tactical:

Modern Theorists: Air - Strategic and Tactical Points to remember Geiger’s view of air power Douhet’s theory Non-strategic air proponents Interwar and WWII applications of Douhet’s theories

Modern Theorists III: Revolutionary War :

Modern Theorists III: Revolutionary War Educational Objectives: Understand the theory and factors Distinguish between revolutionary and conventional war Comprehend the relationship between revolutionary war theory and guerrilla war. Understand how a conventional force must adapt to a revolutionary war.

Definitions:

Definitions Revolution Coup d’etat Guerrilla Warfare Revolutionary War Conventional War Unconventional War Low intensity conflict

Nature of Revolutionary Warfare:

Nature of Revolutionary Warfare National liberation movement fighting against a colonial power. Ethnic or religious struggle. Struggle based on social and economic conditions. Commando actions launched from a neighboring country requested by a leadership in exile. Nonviolent political mobilization of the people Legal/political action Strikes Agitation Terrorism Military operations

Background:

Background Theorists Dilemma Post WWII Changes Changing Interpretations Examples

Revolutionary War Theorists:

Revolutionary War Theorists Marx & Engels Lenin Mao Guevara

Revolutionary War Theorists:

Revolutionary War Theorists Marx & Engels Economic struggle Lenin: urban worker Marx Clausewitz Russia Mao: rural masses Sun Tzu Clausewitz Third World

Revolutionary War Theorists:

Revolutionary War Theorists Marx & Engels Economic struggle

Revolutionary War Theorists:

Revolutionary War Theorists Lenin

Revolutionary War Theorists:

Revolutionary War Theorists Mao

Latest Interpretation:

Latest Interpretation “Che” Guevara Castro and the Cuban Revolution The “foco

Revolutionary War:

Revolutionary War The traditional theorists Sun Tzu Clausewitz Jomini

Dilemma:

Dilemma Conventional forces The enemy

Contexts:

Contexts 19 th Century Colonial Wars Post WWII

19th Century Colonial Wars:

19 th Century Colonial Wars Britain France The U.S.

Post WWII:

Post WWII Results of WWII Decolonization Nuclear weapons Revolutionary warfare Fall of China (1949) Wars of national liberation

Revolutionary Warfare:

Revolutionary Warfare French Armed Forces Post Vietnam “guerre revolutionaries” A counter crusade Psychological warfare Social and economic action Terror and torture

Revolutionary Warfare:

Revolutionary Warfare British response Integration of authority Emphasis on police authority Intelligence Administrative measures Negotiate

T.E. Lawrence:

T.E. Lawrence Arab revolt of 1916-19 Political objectives Careful analysis Strength versus weakness Hit-and-run tactics Detachment/secure base Intel/Counter intel Psychological warfare Propaganda Given mobility, security, time and sound doctrine the insurgent will win.

Historical Examples:

Historical Examples US Philippines: Huks Vietnam: USSR in Afghanistan

Issues for Consideration:

Issues for Consideration Revolutionary Warfare v Coup d’etat Conditions of Revolutionary Strategy Theories Revolutionary War and Guerrilla Warfare Conventional v Revolutionary War European Colonialism

Issues for Consideration:

Issues for Consideration Comparing Revolutionary Warfare and Coup d’etat Similarities Differences Unique element

Issues for Consideration:

Issues for Consideration Revolutionary Strategy Conditions Grievances Leadership Action Plan Program Key factors : Ideology Flexibility Adaptability Patience Multi-levels

Issues for Consideration :

Issues for Consideration Theories Conflict with traditional theories? Revolutionary War Limited or unlimited?

Issues for Consideration:

Issues for Consideration Revolutionary War and Guerrilla Warfare Relationship Necessity

Issues for Consideration:

Issues for Consideration Conventional v Revolutionary War Adaptation Preparation

Issues for Consideration:

Issues for Consideration European Colonialism Experience Changes Post WWII: different from 19 th Century Early 20 th Century

Modern Theorists III: Revolutionary War:

Modern Theorists III: Revolutionary War Points to remember: Difference between Lenin and Mao Difference between Revolutionary war and convention war Revolutionary war versus coup d’etat Revolutionary war

Summary:

Summary Revolutionary Warfare Terms Theories Context Adaptations

The 21st Century:

The 21 st Century Age of revolutionary war? Insurgencies? Counter-terrorism

Revolutionary Warfare:

Revolutionary Warfare Operation Enduring Freedom Operation Iraqi Freedom

Final Exam:

Final Exam E-mail Dec 16 Thursday: Final Exam Dec 20 Monday: Answer in e-mail Bring in unopened exam in Jan05.

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