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udkj whs;sjdislï ms<sn| úYaj m%ldYkh:

udkj whs;sjdislï ms<sn| úYaj m%ldYkh 1948 foieïn¾ 10 jk Èk tlai;a cd;Skaf.a uyd uKav,fha iïu; lr m%ldYhg m;a lrk ,§'

1 jk j.ka;sh:

1 jk j.ka;sh .re;ajhka yd whs;sjdislï iudk fj;s' ish¨ ukqIHfhda ksoyiaj Wm; ,nd we;' hqla;s whqla;s ms<sn| yeÕSfuka yd yDoh idlaIsfhka hq;a Tjqka" Tjqfkdjqkag ie,lsh hq;af;a ifydaor;ajh ms<sn| yeÕSfuks'

2 jk j.ka;sh:

2 jk j.ka;sh cd;s" jxY" j¾K" ia;%S-mqreI Ndjh" NdIdj" wd.ï foaYmd,k wd§ ljr fíohlska fyda iudc" cd;sl" foam<" Wm; wd§ ljr ;;a;ajhl úIhla fyda fkdue;sj fï m%ldYkfha i|yka ish¨ ysñlï yd iajdëk;ajhka iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu Wreu jkafkah' ;jo" hï mqoa.,hl= wh;a jk rfÜ foaYmd,k kS;suh fyda cd;Hka;r ;;a;ajhka ms<sn| lsis`ÿ úfYaIhlao" tA rg iajdëk Ndrldr wiajdëk wd§ ljr ;;a;ajhla ms<sn| úfYAIhlao fkdue;sj fï ysñlï Tyq i;= jkafkah'

3 jk j.ka;sh:

3 jk j.ka;sh iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu" Ôj;a ùug;a" ksoyiaj is;Sug;a" fm!oa.,sl wdrlaIdjg;a" ysñlula we;af;ah'

4 jk j.ka;sh:

4 jk j.ka;sh lsisu mqoa.,hl= jy,alfuys fyda nkaOkfha ^Þi Ndjfhys& fkd/`oúh hq;=h' iEu wdldrhlu jy,a fj<|du yd jy,alu ;ykï jkafkah'

5 jk j.ka;sh:

5 jk j.ka;sh lsishï mqoa.,hl= jO ysxidjg fyda lDDr wudkqIsl my;a ie,ls,a,g fyda o~qjulg fyda Ndckh fkdl< hq;=h'

6 jk j.ka;sh:

6 jk j.ka;sh iEu wjia:djl§u kS;sh bÈßfha mqoa.,hl= jYfhka ms<s.kq ,eîfï whs;sh iEu flfkl=u i;=h'

7 jk j.ka;sh:

7 jk j.ka;sh ish,a,kau kS;sh bÈßfha tlsfkldg iudk jk w;r kS;sfha wdrlaIdj ,eîug lsisÿ úfYaIhla fkdue;sj ish,af,dau ysñlï ,n;s' fï m%ldYkhg mgyeksj flfrk ´kEu widOdrKhlska wdrlaId ùfï whs;sh;a tn`ÿ widOdrKhkag fm<Uùfuka wdrlaId ùfï whs;sh;a ish,a,kagu ysñfõ'

8 jk j.ka;sh:

8 jk j.ka;sh wdKavql%u jHjia:dj,ska fyda kS;sfhka fyda m%Þkh ù we;s uQ,sl ñksia whs;sjdislï W,a,x>kh lsÍul§ n,OdÍ cd;sl wêlrKhlska m%;sl¾u fhdÞ .ekSfï ysñlu iEu mqoa.,hl= i;=fõ'

9 jk j.ka;sh:

9 jk j.ka;sh n,y;aldrfhka w;awvx.=jg .ekSug fyda w;a wvx.=fõ r|jd ;nd ;eîu fyda msgqjy,a lsÍug fyda lsishï mqoa.,hl= Ndckh fkdl< hq;=h'

10 jk j.ka;sh:

10 jk j.ka;sh ;ukaf.a whs;sjdislï yd hq;=lï ms<sn|j fyda ;ukag úreoaOj hï wmrdO fpdaokdjla ms<sn|j fyda ksYAph lsÍu i|yd idOdrK jQ;a újD; jQ;a iajdëk wmlaImd; kvq úNd.hlg iEu ;eke;af;l=gu mQ¾K iudk;ajfhka hqla;j ysñlï ,nhs'

11 jk j.ka;sh:

11 jk j.ka;sh oKavk jrola iïnkaOfhka fpdaokd ,en isá iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu kS;Hdkql+, újD; wêlrK úNd.hlska jrolre nj Tmamq jk f;la ks¾fodaIshl= f,i i,lkq ,eîug;a" tA wêlrKfha§ ;u ksoyig lreKq fmkajd isàug jqjukd ish¨ wjYH;d fkdwvqj ,eîug;a ysñlï we;af;ah' hï jrola fyda m%udo fodaIhla lsisjl=f.ka isÿ jQ wjia:dfõ§ tu ld,fha mj;sk cd;sl fyda wka;¾cd;sl kS;sfhys tu jro fyda m%udo fodaIh oKavk jrola fia fkdi|ykaj mej;sfha kï tu jrog fyda m%udo fodaIhkg Tyq jrolrefjl= f,i fkdie,lsh hq;=h' oKAvk jro l< ld,fha§ j,x.=j mej;s o~qjulg jvd jeä o~qjula tjeks jrolrefjl= Wfoid fkdmekúh hq;=h'

12 jk j.ka;sh:

12 jk j.ka;sh lsisu mqoa.,hl=f.a fm!oa.,sl Ôú;hg ^ryia Ndjhg& mjq,g" ksjig fyda ,sms .kqfokqj,g nf,ka weÕs,s .eiSu fyda .re;ajhg fyda jeo.;aNdjhg myr .eiSu fyda fkdl< hq;=h' tn÷ weÕs,s .eiSï fyda myr .eiSï j,g úreoaOj kS;sfha /ljrkh ,eîfï whs;sh iEu mqoa.,fhl= i;=j we;'

13 jk j.ka;sh:

13 jk j.ka;sh iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu ;u rdcH iSudj we;=<; ksoyfia .ukd.ukhg yd mÈxÑhg ysñlï ;sfí' iajlSh rgo we;=¨j ljr foaYhlska fyda bj;aj hdug;a" ;u rgg wdmiq meñŒug;a iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu ysñlï we;'

14 jk j.ka;sh:

14 jk j.ka;sh mrmSvkhkaf.ka ñ§ úfoaYhl wNhdrlaIdj fiùug yd th N=la;s ú`§ug iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu ysñlï we;' kuq;a" foaYmd,kuh fkdjQ wmrdO j,ska Woa.; jk fpdaokd yd tlai;a cd;Skaf.a wruqKq j,g mgyeks l%shdjka ksid mek k.sk fpdaokd j,g ,la jQjka iïnkaOfhka hg lS ysñlï l%shd;aul fkdjkq we;'

15 jk j.ka;sh:

15 jk j.ka;sh iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu cd;sl;ajhg ysñlï we;' lsisu mqoa.,hl= i;= cd;sl;ajh nf,ka wfydais fkdl< hq;= w;r Tyqf.a cd;sl;ajh fjkia lsÍug Tyqg we;s whs;sh meyer fkd.; hq;=h'

16 jk j.ka;sh:

16 jk j.ka;sh mQ¾K úhg m;a ish¨ ia;%S mqreIhkag cd;sh" cd;sl;ajh fyda wd.u wd§ lsis`ÿ iSudjla fkd;ld újdy ù mjq,la we;s lsÍfï whs;sh we;af;ah' újdy ùfï§ fukau újdyh wj,x.= lsÍfï§ o TjQyq iudk whs;sjdislï or;s' újdyhg w;=,;a l< hq;af;a tfia we;=,;a jk ia;%S mreI fofokdf.a iïmQ¾K ksoyia leue;a; msg muKls' iudcfha iaNdúl jQ;a uQ,sl jQ;a iuQy tAllh jk mjq, iudcfha yd rdcHfha /ljrKh ,eîfï whs;sh or;s'

17 jk j.ka;sh:

17 jk j.ka;sh iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu ;ksj fukau yjqf,ao foam< whs;sh i|yd whs;sjdislï we;af;ah' lsisfjl= i;= foam< nf,ka wysñ lsÍug fkdyelsh'

18 jk j.ka;sh:

18 jk j.ka;sh is;Sfï" yDo idlaIsh ±Ífï yd wd.u weoySfï ksoyi N=la;s ú£fï whs;sjdislï iEu mqoa.,hl=gu i;=j we;' ;u wd.u fyda úYajdih fjkia lsÍfï ksoyi;a" ;ksju fyda wkHhka iu. iuQy jYfhka fm!oa.,slj fukau m%isoaêfha ;u weoySu yd wd.u m%lg lsÍfï" b.ekaùfï" ms<sme§fï" jkaokd lsÍfï yd wkq.ukh lsÍfï ksoyi;a thg we;=,;ah'

19 jk j.ka;sh:

19 jk j.ka;sh ;u ksoyia u;h ±Íug yd m%ldY lsÍug iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu whs;sh we;' wkqkaf.a ndOdjla fkdue;sj ;u u;h ±Íug;a foaY iSud fkdi,ld ljr udOHlska fyda f;dr;=re ,eîug yd §ug;a we;s whs;sho Bg we;=,;ah

20 jk j.ka;sh:

20 jk j.ka;sh iduldój tla/iaùfï yd ix.ï meje;aùfï whs;sh iEu mqoa.,hl=u i;=j we;' iñ;s iud.ï j,g ne§ug lsisfjl=g n, l< fkdyel'

21 jk j.ka;sh:

21 jk j.ka;sh fl,skau fyda ksoyiaj f;dard.;a ksfhdað;hka u`.ska fyda ;u rfÜ rchg iyNd.s ùug iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu whs;shla we;' ;u rfÜ rcH fiajhg we;=,;a ùug iEu mqoa.,hl=gu iudk whs;sjdislï we;' rcfha n,;, j, moku jkafka ck;djf.a leue;a;h fï leue;a; m%ldY jkafka i¾jck Pkao n,h wkqj ryfia fok Pkaofhka fyda Bg iudk iajdëk Pkao úuiSï l%u u.ska l,ska l,g wjHdc f,iska mj;ajk Pkao úuiSï u.sks'

22 jk j.ka;sh:

22 jk j.ka;sh iudchg wh;a mqoa.,hl= jYfhka iEu mqoa.,hl=gu wdrlaIdj ysñfõ' iEu rdcHlu" ixúOdk yd iïm;a j,g wkql+,j ;ukaf.a .re;ajhg;a" fm!reIfha j¾Okhg;a w;HdjYH jk wd¾Ól iudchSl yd ixialD;sl whs;Ska cd;sl m%h;akhkaf.ka yd cd;Hka;r iyfhda.S;djfhka o tA tA rdcHkaf.a ixúOdk yd iïm;a j,g wkql+,j idlaId;a lr .ekSfï ysñlu iEu mqoa.,fhl=u i;=j we;af;ah'

23 jk j.ka;sh:

23 jk j.ka;sh jev lsÍug;a ;u /lshdj ksoyiaj f;drd .ekSug;a idOdrKjQ;a" hqla;s hqla; jQ;a jev lsÍfï myiqlï ,eîug fukau úrlaId úm;ska wdrlaIdj ,eîug;a iEu mqoa.,hl=gu ysñlï we;af;ah' lsis`ÿ úfYAI;djla fyda fjkialula fyda fkdue;sj iudk jevg iudk jegqma ,eîfï whs;sh iEu mqoa.,hl= is;=j we;af;ah' jev lrk iEu mqoa.,hl=gu ;ukag yd ;u mjq,g ñksia .re;ajh /flk Ôú;hlg wjYH idOdrK jegqmla ,eîug;a wjYH jqjfyd;a wjfYI iudc wdrlaIdjkag /ljrKh .ekSug;a whs;shla we;' iajlSh whs;sjdislï wdrlaId lsÍu i|yd jD;a;Sh iñ;s we;s lr .ekSug yd tAjdg ne`§ug iEu mqoa.,hl=gu whs;shla we;'

24 jk j.ka;sh:

24 jk j.ka;sh jevlrk mE .Kka ms<sn| iSudjla we;sj l,ska l,g ,efnk jegqma iys; ksjdvq Èkhkao we;¨j úfõl .ekSfï whs;sh iEu mqoa.,hl=u i;=fõ'

25 jk j.ka;sh:

25 jk j.ka;sh wdydr" we÷ï" ksjdi yd fi!LH fiajd wdrlaIdjo wjYH iudc fiajd wdrlaIdjo we;sj ;ukaf.a;a ;u mjqf,a;a fi!LHg yd hym;g m%udKj;a Ôjk ;;a;ajhla N=la;sú§ug;a" /lshdj wysñùu frda.dndO ÿn,;dj jekaoUq ùu uy¿nj yd fjk;a ;ukag md,kh fkdl< yels wdmÞ j,ska Ôúldj ÿIalr jQ úg /ljrKh ,eîug;a iEu mqoa.,hl=gu whs;shla we;' ud;D Ndjh yd <ore Ndjh úfYAI Wmldr yd wdrlaIdj Wreu ;;a;ajfhdah' újdy fyda wújdyl uõjrekaf.ka ,efnk ish¨u orefjda iudk wdrlaIdjg ysñlï we;af;dah'

26 jk j.ka;sh:

26 jk j.ka;sh wOHdmkh ,eîug iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu whs;shla we;af;ah' m%d:ñl yd uQ,sl wjia:dj,§ muKla jk wOHdmkh fkdñf<a úh hq;=h' m%d:ñl wOHdmkh wksjd¾hh úh hq;=h' ld¾ñl yd jD;a;Sh wOHdmkh ,eîug idudkHfhka wjia:dj ie,ish hq;= jk w;r" olaI;d mokï fldg Wiia wOHdmkh w;alr .ekSfï wjia:dj iudkj ie,ish hq;=h' ñksia fm!reI;ajh mßmQ¾K ixj¾Okhg m;a lrk w;g;a udkj whs;sjdislï yd uQ,sl iajdëk;djka ms<sn|j .re;ajh m%n, jk w;g;a wOHdmkh fhduqlrúh hq;=h' ñksia m%cdjf.a ish¨ rdcHka cd;Ska yd wd.ñl lKavdhï w;r wfkHdkH wjfndaOhg;a iduh mj;ajd.ekSu Wfoid tlai;a cd;Ska f.k hk l%shdud¾.hg;a th wkqn,hla úh hq;=h' ;u orejkag Èh hq;af;a l=uk wOHdmkhla ±hs f;dard .ekSfï uq,a whs;sh foudmshka i;=h'

27 jk j.ka;sh:

27 jk j.ka;sh iudcfha ixialD;sl Ôú;hg ksoyfia iyNd.s jkakg;a l,dfjka wdYajdoh N=la;s ú£ug yd úoHd;aul ÈhqKqjg iyNd.s ù tys m%;sm, N=la;s ú£ug;a iEu mqoa.,fhl=gu whs;shla we;af;ah' ;ukaf.a l¾;D;ajhg ksIamdÈ; úoHd;aul idys;Huh fyda l,d;aul lD;shlska cks; jk wOHd;añl yd fN!;sl M, m%fhdack /l .ekSfï whs;sh iEu mqoa.,hl=u i;=j we;'

28 jk j.ka;sh:

28 jk j.ka;sh fuu m%ldYkfhys i|yka whs;sjdislï yd iajdëk;djka mßmQ¾Kj idlaId;a lr .; yels jk iudc yd cd;Hka;r rgdjlg iEu mqoa.,hl=gu whs;shla we;'

29 jk j.ka;sh:

29 jk j.ka;sh mqoa.,hl=f.a fm!reI;ajh ksoyia mßmQ¾K ixj¾Okhlg m;alr .ekSfuys,d bgq l< hq;= iudc hq;=lï /ila iEu mqoa.,hl= flfrysu mejÍ we;' mqoa.,hdf.a whs;sjdislï yd iajdëk;djka l%shd;aul ùfï§ iSudjla ;sìh hq;af;a yqfola wkHkaf.a whs;sjdislï yd iajdëk;d wdrlaIdùu ms‚i;a wOHd;añl .=Kj.dj i|yd wjYH;dj msßueiSu ms‚i;a m%cd;ka;%jd§ iudchl uyck iduh yd fmdÿ iqN isoaêh wdrlaIdùu ms‚i;a mekfjk kS;s moaO;shla uÕska mu‚' tlai;a cd;Skaf.a mrud¾:hka yd m%;sm;a;s j,g mgyeks jk wkaoulska fuu whs;sjdislï yd iajdëk;djka l%shd;aul fkdl< hq;=h'

30 jk j.ka;sh:

30 jk j.ka;sh fuu m%ldYkfhys i|yka lsis`ÿ whs;sjdislula fyda iajdëk;djla fyda jekiS hk wkaofï lsisu l%shdud¾.hlg whs;shla lsis÷ rdcHhlg" lKavdhulg fyda mqoa.,hl=g w;ajk wkaofï w¾: ksrEmkhla fï m%ldYkfhys ljr j.ka;shlska fyda fkdl< hq;=h'

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