Toulmin Argument

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Toulmin basics for introduction to argument.

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Toulmin Argument :

Toulmin Argument Steps and Example

Stephen Toulmin March25, 1922 –December 4, 2009 :

Stephen Toulmin March25, 1922 –December 4, 2009 British philosopher Noted that strong, realistic arguments typically consist of six parts Wrote The Uses of Argument in 1958

Toulmin Argument: 6 Parts:

Toulmin Argument: 6 Parts Claim Support Warrant Backing Qualifier Rebuttal

Claim: main point of the argument:

Claim : main point of the argument Tuition at TCC should be increased.

Support: information to prove claim:

Support : information to prove claim Equipment updates are costly Campus expansion requires more staff Federal money has decreased Claim : Tuition at TCC should be increased.

Warrant: unstated assumption or generally accepted belief that links support to claim:

Warrant: unstated assumption or generally accepted belief that links support to claim Tuition is TCC’s primary means of financial support to maintain quality educational services.

Backing: support for the warrant:

Backing: support for the warrant Quality education requires investment Students want quality for their tuition dollars Warrant: Tuition is TCC’s primary means of financial support to maintain quality educational services.

Rebuttal: what is incorrect or invalid about the opponent’s position:

Rebuttal : what is incorrect or invalid about the opponent’s position TCC does not automatically increase tuition every year Fundraising and donations make up only 8% of the college’s budget Tuition goes up every year! TCC is always bringing in money from fund raisers and private donations! opponent

Qualifier: Exception to the claim:

Qualifier: Exception to the claim Unless the federal government budgets more money for community colleges…

Click to view Toulmin Argument Process :

Claim Warrant Support Support Support Backing Qualifier Rebuttal Click to view Toulmin Argument Process

Click for example Toulmin Argument:

TCC should increase tuition Tuition supports quality ed New equipment costs Campus expansion Federal budget cuts Students want quality Unless federal money increases -No automatic tuition increases -8% fundraisers and donations Click for example Toulmin Argument

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