UNESCO: UNESCO World Heritage Sites What is UNESCO?: What is UNESCO? U nited N ations E ducational S cientific C ultural O rganization UNESCO was founded after World War II to encourage countries to work together through education, science and culture. World Heritage Sites: World Heritage Sites In 1972, UNESCO developed a list of places that have cultural, historical, or natural importance to the world. This list is known as the World Heritage Site List . PowerPoint Presentation: As of March 2012, 189 of 194 world nations work with UNESCO to protect these sites. UNESCO’s Success: UNESCO’s Success Rerouted a highway away from Egypt's Giza Pyramids Blocked a salt mine at a gray whale nursery in Mexico Canceled a dam proposal above Africa's Victoria Falls UNESCO Funding : UNESCO Funding Participating countries pay dues , which have been used for: Park rangers Land purchases Visitor centers Restoration of buildings PowerPoint Presentation: To be included on the World Heritage List , sites must meet at least 1 out of 10 selection criteria. Selection Criteria: : Selection Criteria: Criteria 4: Significance in human history example : Prambana Temple, Java Criteria 1: Masterpiece of human creative genius example: Pont du Gard, France Criteria 2 : Important interchange of human values example: Levuka Historical Port, Fiji Criteria 3: Testimony to cultural tradition, current or past example: Harar - Walled City, Ethiopia Selection Criteria: : Selection Criteria: Criteria 5: Traditional human settlement Taos Pueblo, New Mexico Criteria 6: Heritage associated with events of universal significance Terracotta Army - Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, China Criteria 7: Natural phenomena or beauty Plitvice Lakes National Park Croatia Selection Criteria: : Selection Criteria: Criteria 9: Significant ecological and biological processes Okavango Delta Botswana, Africa Criteria 8: Major stages of Earth's history Riversleigh Fossil Fields, Australia Criteria 10: Significant natural habitat for biodiversity Shark Bay, Australia 981 properties: 981 properties 759 cultural 193 natural 29 mixed World Heritage Sites: World Heritage Sites PowerPoint Presentation: 44 Properties in Danger Sites classified “In Danger” : Sites classified “ In Danger ” Danger: Armed conflict and war: Danger: Armed conflict and war Aleppo Mosque, Syria PowerPoint Presentation: Danger: Natural Disasters earthquake , flood, hurricane, tsunami, tornado, storms PowerPoint Presentation: Danger: Environmental conditions erosion , drought, invasive species, climate Danger: Pollution: Danger: Pollution Danger: Poaching: Danger: Poaching Danger: Urban sprawl: Danger: Urban sprawl Danger: Tourism : Danger: Tourism Danger: Vandalism and Looting : Danger: Vandalism and Looting http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list / Today in class: Go to the address above Explore the map for sites Choose 2 favorite sites Take some notes about the sites End of presentation.