CLAUSES: Independent, Dependent, Relative

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Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

This is an updated version of "Phrases & Clauses" but with only the Clauses. Look for the other half, 'Phrases"

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Presentation Transcript

Phrases & Clauses What are they? How are they different? :

Phrases & Clauses What are they? How are they different? Part 2: Clauses Click for next slide 

Clauses: Have BOTH Subject & Verb :

Clauses: Have BOTH Subject & Verb Click for next slide 

Clauses: 3 types :

Clauses: 3 types Independent Dependent Relative Click for next slide 

Independent Clause (aka: SENTENCE or MAIN CLAUSE) :

Independent Clause ( aka: SENTENCE or MAIN CLAUSE ) Clause #1: Click for next slide 

Independent Clause :

Independent Clause An independent clause is a sentence . Most people say sentence instead of “independent clause.” Click for next slide 

Independent Clause :

Independent Clause Independent clauses have a subject & verb and can stand alone . Click for next slide 

Independent Clause :

Independent Clause Examples: The student finished the exam. Employees have their own parking lot. These clauses … have both a subject and a verb can stand independently are sentences Click for next slide 

dependent Clause :

dependent Clause Clause #2: Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause Dependent clauses have subjects & verbs , but they cannot stand alone Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause Dependent clauses are incomplete sentences. They require something else to make them whole. Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause Dependent clauses usually begin with subordinating conjunctions such as: Although Because When Since If Unless Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause Subordinating conjunction verb subject Unless the weather improves Click for next slide  What’s in a dependent clause?

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause Written alone, dependent clauses create suspense for what’s to come…like a “ cliffhanger ”… Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause When the coyote strapped himself to a rocket Dependent clause subject verb Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause If one person wobbles slightly Dependent clause subject verb Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause Although the snake seemed friendly Dependent clause Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause Because the ice melted quickly Dependent clause Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause After the spotter stepped away Dependent clause Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause Dependent clause Click for next slide  Since I’m about to fall

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause Because a rattlesnake made a home under my bed… Dependent clause subject verb Click for next slide  Coordinating conjunction

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause Because a rattlesnake made a home under my bed, I purchased a mongoose to sleep with me. Dependent clause Sentence Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause Because a rattlesnake made a home under my bed, I purchased a mongoose to sleep with me. Dependent Clause Complete Sentence Click for next slide 

Dependent Clause:

Dependent Clause More dependent clause examples… Unless they find another house, Although Susan tries to eat healthy, Because Marcus changed the plan, Note that these are sentence fragments and cannot stand alone Click for next slide 

Relative Clause (who, Which, That ) :

Relative Clause ( who, Which, That ) Clause #3: Click for next slide 

Relative Clause:

Relative Clause Relative clauses are easy to recognize . They begin with WHO , WHICH , or THAT . Click for next slide 

Relative Clause:

Relative Clause Relative Clause Martin, who usually finishes first , was unable to beat my record. Click for next slide 

Relative Clause:

Relative Clause Pasta, which used to be included in most diets , has been replaced by high-protein foods. Relative Clause Click for next slide 

Relative Clause:

Relative Clause Toys that the dog chewed up must be thrown away. Relative Clause Click for next slide 

Relative Clause:

Relative Clause Relative clauses add extra information. which often interrupt sentences Relative clauses, which often interrupt sentences , add extra information. Click for next slide 

Now for a small clause warning…:

Now for a small clause warning… Click for next slide 

2 words can make clauses a little tricky: :

2 words can make clauses a little tricky: Before After Click for next slide 

PowerPoint Presentation:

Before and After can appear in either prepositional phrases or dependent clauses. Click for next slide 

Prepositional phrases: :

Prepositional phrases: after the storm before the alarm after lunch before my nap after work before the holiday Preposition + Noun Click for next slide 

Dependent clauses: :

Dependent clauses: after the storm ended before the alarm rang after we left work before the doctor arrived after I received your call before the judge makes his ruling Subordinating conjunction subject verb Click for next slide 

Clause Review:

Clause Review Click for next slide 

Clause Review:

Clause Review Q : What is the main difference between phrases & clauses? Click for next slide 

Clause Review:

Clause Review Answer: Phrases do not have both a subject and a verb … Clauses have both a subject and a verb . Click for next slide 

Independent/Main Clause: (Sentence) :

Independent/Main Clause: ( Sentence ) Broccoli is my favorite food. Click for next slide 

PowerPoint Presentation:

Because broccoli is my favorite food Dependent Clause: Click for next slide 

Relative Clause: :

Relative Clause: which is my favorite food Click for next slide 

Review ALL: :

Review ALL: Clauses Prepositional Participial Infinitive Phrases Independent Dependent Relative Click for next slide 

Be sure you have viewed both Part 1: Phrases Part 2: Clauses:

Be sure you have viewed both Part 1: Phrases Part 2: Clauses End of presentation.

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