Phrases: Prepositional, Participial, Infinitive

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This is an UPDATED version of the original "Phrases and Clauses"--I split the original presentation into 2 separate presentations. Look for the other presentation on "Clauses: Independent, Dependent, and Relative"

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Phrases & Clauses What are they? How are they different? :

Phrases & Clauses What are they? How are they different? Part 1: Phrases Click for next slide 

PowerPoint Presentation:

How can I tell the difference between a phrase and a clause ? Click for next slide 

The main difference::

The main difference: Phrases DO NOT have BOTH a subject & a verb That’s easy! Click for next slide 

The main difference::

The main difference: Clauses DO HAVE BOTH a subject & a verb Click for next slide 

Part 1: PHRASES:

Part 1: PHRASES No Subject & Verb Click for next slide 

3 Types of Phrases: :

3 Types of Phrases: Prepositional phrase Participial phrase Infinitive phrase Click for next slide 

Prepositional Phrase:

Prepositional Phrase Phrase #1 Click for next slide 

1: Prepositional Phrase:

1: Prepositional Phrase = Prepositional phrase Preposition + Noun Click for next slide 

1: Prepositional Phrase:

1: Prepositional Phrase Preposition + Noun from the house He ran quickly from the house. Click for next slide  Prepositional Phrase

1: Prepositional Phrase:

1: Prepositional Phrase Preposition + Noun behind a rock I saw my teacher behind a rock. Prepositional phrase Click for next slide 

PowerPoint Presentation:

during the movie 1: Prepositional Phrase preposition noun Click for next slide 

PowerPoint Presentation:

1: Prepositional Phrase in his room under the toys Click for next slide 

PowerPoint Presentation:

1 : Prepositional Phrase near the field around the track Click for next slide 

Participial Phrase:

Participial Phrase Phrase #2 Click for next slide 

2: Participial Phrase :

2: Participial Phrase Participial phrases begin with a participle. A participle is a verb used as another part of speech. Click for next slide 

2: Participial Phrase :

2: Participial Phrase Participles are easy to recognize: Most end in – ing Click for next slide 

2: Participial Phrase :

2: Participial Phrase Examples of Participles: running water washing machine loving husband fishing rod Click for next slide  These verbs are Participles because they act like adjectives

2: Participial Phrase:

2: Participial Phrase Look ing very closely Click for next slide  This is a participial phrase - ing verb

2: Participial Phrase:

2: Participial Phrase Watch ing TV all night - ing verb No subject (Who was watching TV?) This is a participial phrase. Click for next slide 

2: Participial Phrase:

2: Participial Phrase Study ing the History book This is a participial phrase. Click for next slide 

Infinitive Phrase:

Infinitive Phrase Phrase #3 Click for next slide 

3: Infinitive Phrase:

3: Infinitive Phrase To + verb begins an infinitive phrase to love I love you love he/she/it loves we love you love they love The infinitive form of the verb Click for next slide 

3: Infinitive Phrase:

3: Infinitive Phrase to run a mile infinitive verb This is an infinitive phrase Click for next slide 

3: Infinitive Phrase:

3: Infinitive Phrase to do homework all night infinitive verb This is an infinitive phrase Click for next slide 

3: Infinitive Phrase:

3: Infinitive Phrase to wake up early infinitive verb This is an infinitive phrase Click for next slide 

Now for A small warning…:

Now for A small warning… Click for next slide 

One word can make phrases a little tricky: :

One word can make phrases a little tricky: to Click for next slide 

The tricky “to”:

The tricky “to” Prepositional phrases The word to can begin BOTH: To the secret hideout To escape the monsters Infinitive phrases Click for next slide 

The tricky “to”:

The tricky “to” To the secret hideout To escape the monsters preposition noun Infinitive verb noun prepositional phrase = + + = infinitive phrase Click for next slide 

PowerPoint Presentation:

to the football stadium (prepositional) to the teacher ( prepositional ) to win the contest to finish my business proposal Prepositional Phrases: Infinitive Phrases: Click for next slide 

Phrase Review:

Phrase Review Click for next slide 

Phrase Review:

Phrase Review Prepositional: above the clouds near my house along the shore Click for next slide 

Phrase Review:

Phrase Review Participial : leaving work early sleeping until noon celebrating the holidays filled with liquid Click for next slide 

Phrase Review:

Phrase Review Infinitive: to walk the dog to play the piano to watch our favorite TV show Click for next slide 

Be sure to view Part 2: Clauses next. :

Be sure to view Part 2: Clauses next. End of presentation .

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