complex sentences

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Notes on the complex sentence--2 ways to form a complex sentence with examples.

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CHAPTER 16: WRITING COMPLEX SENTENCES:

CHAPTER 16: WRITING COMPLEX SENTENCES A student-created presentation.

Simple sentences:

Simple sentences First, let’s begin with…

Simple Sentence:

Simple Sentence A simple sentence consists of one subject and one verb. A simple sentence can stand alone as a complete thought. A simple sentence is sometimes called an “ Independent Clause ”

Simple Sentence:

Simple Sentence Example of a simple sentence: Jim studied in the library for his chemistry quiz.

Complex Sentences :

Complex Sentences Now we move from simple to

COMPLEX SENTENCE:

COMPLEX SENTENCE Sentence + clause The sentence is the main idea. The clause supports the sentence.

COMPLEX SENTENCE:

COMPLEX SENTENCE The sentence and clause are NOT equal. Clearly, the sentence carries the meaning! sentence clause

COMPLEX SENTENCES are formed in 2 ways: :

COMPLEX SENTENCES are formed in 2 ways: Using a Dependent Clause + Sentence Using a Relative Clause + Sentence

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Dependent Clause:

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Dependent Clause

What is a Dependent Clause?:

What is a Dependent Clause ? A group of words that… does not present a complete idea or thought cannot stand alone as a sentence may begin with a subordinating conjunction

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Dependent Clause:

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Dependent Clause Dependent clause sentence. , dependent clause . Sentence or

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Dependent Clause:

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Dependent Clause If opportunity doesn't knock , build a door . If opportunity doesn't knock (dependent clause) build a door (sentence)

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Dependent Clause:

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Dependent Clause Subordinating Conjunction- A word used to form a dependent clause. A few subordinating conjunctions are: although because after since when

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Dependent Clause:

Although the line was long and the wait over two hours , the concert was well worth it. COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Dependent Clause Although = subordinating conjunction Although the line was long and the wait over two hours = dependent clause

Slide 15:

The snowman melted because the sun came out. because = subordinating conjunction because the sun came out . = dependent clause COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Dependent Clause

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause :

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause :

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause Relative Pronoun - word such as who , that , or which at the beginning of a clause

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause :

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause that who whom whose which where Common relative pronouns include :

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause :

Examples of Relative Clauses: which I usually dislike who served as class president that has been abandoned for years COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause :

The relative clause provides extra information The rest of the sentence communicates the main idea COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause :

For example: Lee , who served as senior class president , plans to run for mayor this year. Main idea : Lee plans to run for mayor this year. Relative clause : who served as senior class president COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause

COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause :

Main idea = The house is going to be renovated. relative clause = that has been abandoned for years COMPLEX SENTENCE with a Relative Clause The house that has been abandoned for years is going to be renovated.

Complex Sentences: Review :

Complex Sentences : Review

Complex Sentences:

Complex Sentences Are made up of a sentence (main idea) and a clause (less important idea)

Complex Sentences:

Complex Sentences Some complex sentences are made up of a sentence & a dependent clause. If I spend too much time playing on Facebook , I tend to neglect my studying and my housework .

Complex Sentences:

Complex Sentences Some complex sentences are made up of a sentence & a relative clause My computer , which stays on constantly , is so hot it’s going to burn a hole in my desk.

Complex vs. Compound:

Complex vs. Compound Compound sentences are made up of 2 complete, equal sentences. vs. Complex sentences are made up of 1 sentence and 1 clause .

End of Presentation :

End of Presentation Complex Sentences