JEAN PIAGET: JEAN PIAGET ACCIDENTAL GENIUS IN THE EDUCATION FIELD Piaget’s Cognitive theory: Piaget’s Cognitive theory Four Stages: Sensorimotor Preoperational Concrete Operational Formal Operational Teaching Concept: “As teachers, the understanding of what takes place cognitively, emotionally, affectively, and socially for a child is essential in creating effective and appropriate educational plans. Expectations, goals, and potentials of children are affluently managed when considering these four stages .” Sensorimotor: Sensorimotor Teacher Concept: Instead of enforcing the concept of sharing and empathy, that this stage does not grasp, consider rather practicing the idea with them. preoperational: preoperational Teaching Concept: “Teachers should refine lessons to be constructed around enhancing and encouraging this new cognitive skill specifically .” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= ML6M5U1yLo8 Concrete Operational: Concrete Operational Teaching Concept: “Mathematics and sciences are a strongly utilized subject in this stage, as long as the knowledge used to hypothesize is so-called concrete enough for this stage .” Warning “Staying with appropriate lessons is essential throughout this stage, as the children are in a limbo of cognitive abilities. They can be misleadingly advanced and convinced in their logical operation abilities .” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= YJyuy4B2aKU Formal Operational: Formal Operational Teaching Concept: “Throughout this stage, educators must be able to challenge, encourage, and enhance these skills as well as continue to utilize the past stages .” CAUTION Teenagers Present! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= lw36PpYPPZM Other developments: Other developments Equilibration – complexity increases with each stage of cognitive development Assimilation – finding relationships between information new and old A ccommodation – adjusting the known relationships appropriately Reminders: Reminders Piaget’s theory – not originally an educational approach or tool! Rather a “ biological maturation and environmental experiences ” to the progressive stages of children’s cognitive development. Utilize…‘active exploring’ lessons (hands-on) , act of play, discovery, and teacher’s monitoring! Do not teach beyond or below active stage of development…message will be lost and adds frustration and confusion!