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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript Personal Protective Equipment: OSHA Office of Training and Education 1 Personal Protective EquipmentProtecting Employees from Workplace Hazards: OSHA Office of Training and Education 2 Protecting Employees from Workplace Hazards Employers must protect employees from hazards such as falling objects, harmful substances, and noise exposures that can cause injury Employers must: Use all feasible engineering and work practice controls to eliminate and reduce hazards Use personal protective equipment (PPE) if the controls don’t eliminate the hazards. PPE is the last level of control!Engineering Controls: OSHA Office of Training and Education 3 Engineering Controls If . . . The work environment can be physically changed to prevent employee exposure to the potential hazard, Then . . . The hazard can be eliminated with an engineering controlEngineering Controls: OSHA Office of Training and Education 4 Engineering Controls Initial design specifications Substitute less harmful material Change process Enclose process Isolate process Examples . . .Work Practice Controls: OSHA Office of Training and Education 5 Work Practice Controls If . . . Employees can change the way they do their jobs and the exposure to the potential hazard is removed, Then . . . The hazard can be eliminated with a work practice controlWork Practice Controls -- Examples: OSHA Office of Training and Education 6 Work Practice Controls -- ExamplesResponsibilities: OSHA Office of Training and Education 7 Responsibilities Employer Assess workplace for hazards Provide PPE Determine when to use Provide PPE training for employees and instruction in proper use Employee Use PPE in accordance with training received and other instructions Inspect daily and maintain in a clean and reliable conditionExamples of PPE: OSHA Office of Training and Education 8 Examples of PPE Eye safety glasses, goggles Face face shields Head hard hats Feet safety shoes Hands and arms gloves Bodies vests Hearing earplugs, earmuffs Body Part ProtectionPPE Program: OSHA Office of Training and Education 9 PPE Program Includes procedures for selecting, providing and using PPE First -- assess the workplace to determine if hazards are present, or are likely to be present, which necessitate the use of PPE After selecting PPE, provide training to employees who are required to use itTraining: OSHA Office of Training and Education 10 Training Why it is necessary How it will protect them What are its limitations When and how to wear How to identify signs of wear How to clean and disinfect What is its useful life & how is it disposed If employees are required to use PPE, train them:Head Protection: OSHA Office of Training and Education 11 Head ProtectionCauses of Head Injuries: OSHA Office of Training and Education 12 Causes of Head Injuries Falling objects such as tools Bumping head against objects, such as pipes or beams Contact with exposed electrical wiring or componentsSelecting the Right Hard Hat: OSHA Office of Training and Education 13 Selecting the Right Hard Hat Class A General service (building construction, shipbuilding, lumbering) Good impact protection but limited voltage protection Class B Electrical / Utility work Protects against falling objects and high-voltage shock and burns Class C Designed for comfort, offers limited protection Protects against bumps from fixed objects, but does not protect against falling objects or electrical shockEye Protection: OSHA Office of Training and Education 14 Eye ProtectionWhen must Eye Protection be Provided?: OSHA Office of Training and Education 15 When must Eye Protection be Provided? When any of these hazards are present: Dust and other flying particles, such as metal shavings or sawdust Corrosive gases, vapors, and liquids Molten metal that may splash Potentially infectious materials such as blood or hazardous liquid chemicals that may splash Intense light from welding and lasersEye Protection Criteria for Selection: OSHA Office of Training and Education 16 Eye Protection Criteria for Selection Protects against specific hazard(s) Comfortable to wear Does not restrict vision or movement Durable and easy to clean and disinfect Does not interfere with the function of other required PPEEye Protection for Employees Who Wear Eyeglasses: OSHA Office of Training and Education 17 Eye Protection for Employees Who Wear Eyeglasses Ordinary glasses do not provide the required protection Proper choices include: Prescription glasses with side shields and protective lenses Goggles that fit comfortably over corrective glasses without disturbing the glasses Goggles that incorporate corrective lenses mounted behind protective lensesSafety Glasses: OSHA Office of Training and Education 18 Safety Glasses Made with metal/plastic safety frames Most operations require side shields Used for moderate impact from particles produced by jobs such as carpentry, woodworking, grinding, and scalingGoggles: OSHA Office of Training and Education 19 Goggles Protects eyes and area around the eyes from impact, dust, and splashes Some goggles fit over corrective lensesLaser (Welding) Safety Goggles: OSHA Office of Training and Education 20 Laser (Welding) Safety Goggles Protects eyes from intense concentrations of light produced by lasersFace Shields: OSHA Office of Training and Education 21 Face Shields Full face protection Protects face from dusts and splashes or sprays of hazardous liquids Does not protect from impact hazards Wear safety glasses or goggles underneathWelding Shields: OSHA Office of Training and Education 22 Welding Shields Protects eyes against burns from radiant light Protects face and eyes from flying sparks, metal spatter, & slag chips produced during welding, brazing, soldering, and cuttingHearing Protection: OSHA Office of Training and Education 23 Hearing ProtectionHearing Protection: OSHA Office of Training and Education 24 Hearing Protection When it’s not feasible to reduce the noise or its duration – use ear protective devices Ear protective devices must be fittedWhen Must Hearing Protection be Provided?: OSHA Office of Training and Education 25 When Must Hearing Protection be Provided? After implementing engineering and work practice controls When an employee’s noise exposure exceeds an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA) sound level of 90 dBAExamples of Hearing Protectors: OSHA Office of Training and Education 26 Earmuffs Earplugs Canal Caps Examples of Hearing ProtectorsFoot Protection: OSHA Office of Training and Education 27 Foot ProtectionWhen Must Foot Protection be Provided?: OSHA Office of Training and Education 28 When Must Foot Protection be Provided? When any of these are present: Heavy objects such as barrels or tools that might roll onto or fall on employees’ feet Sharp objects such as nails or spikes that might pierce ordinary shoes Molten metal that might splash on feet Hot or wet surfaces Slippery surfacesSafety Shoes: OSHA Office of Training and Education 29 Safety Shoes Impact-resistant toes and heat-resistant soles protect against hot surfaces common in roofing and paving Some have metal insoles to protect against puncture wounds May be electrically conductive for use in explosive atmospheres, or nonconductive to protect from workplace electrical hazardsHand Protection: OSHA Office of Training and Education 30 Hand ProtectionWhen Must Hand Protection be Provided?: OSHA Office of Training and Education 31 When Must Hand Protection be Provided? Burns Bruises Abrasions Cuts Punctures Fractures Amputations Chemical Exposures When any of these are present:What Kinds of Protective Gloves are Available?: OSHA Office of Training and Education 32 What Kinds of Protective Gloves are Available? Durable gloves made of metal mesh, leather, or canvas Protects from cuts, burns, heat Fabric and coated fabric gloves Protects from dirt and abrasion Chemical and liquid resistant gloves Protects from burns, irritation, and dermatitis Rubber gloves Protects from cuts, lacerations, and abrasionsTypes of Rubber Gloves: OSHA Office of Training and Education 33 Butyl provides the highest permeation resistance to gas or water vapors Types of Rubber Gloves Nitrile protects against solvents, harsh chemicals, fats and petroleum products and also provides excellent resistance to cuts and abrasions.Other Types of Gloves: OSHA Office of Training and Education 34 Kevlar protects against cuts, slashes, and abrasion Stainless steel mesh protects against cuts and lacerations Other Types of GlovesBody Protection: OSHA Office of Training and Education 35 Body ProtectionMajor Causes of Body Injuries: OSHA Office of Training and Education 36 Major Causes of Body Injuries Intense heat Splashes of hot metals and other hot liquids Impacts from tools, machinery, and materials Cuts Hazardous chemicals RadiationBody Protection Criteria for Selection: OSHA Office of Training and Education 37 Body Protection Criteria for Selection Provide protective clothing for parts of the body exposed to possible injury Types of body protection: Vests Aprons Jackets Coveralls Full body suits CoverallsBody Protection: OSHA Office of Training and Education 38 Cooling Vest Sleeves and Apron Body Protection Full Body SuitSummary: OSHA Office of Training and Education 39 Summary Assess the workplace for hazards Use engineering and work practice controls to eliminate or reduce hazards before using PPE Select appropriate PPE to protect employees from hazards that cannot be eliminated Inform employees why the PPE is necessary, how and when it must be worn Train employees how to use and care for their PPE, including how to recognize deterioration and failure Require employees to wear selected PPE Employers must implement a PPE program where they: You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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