RIGHT TO EDUCATION ACT

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Slide 1:

Seminar Topic On “ Right to Education ACT. ’’’

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION An act passed by the parliament in 2009 completely known as right of children to free and compulsory act,2009 was notified by the parliament on 27 aug 2009. The purpose of this act was to make education a right for all children.it was decided by the members of parliament to make RTE ACT at elementary level one of the fundamental right.for this purpose india joined a group of 135 countries in making RTE. The new law makes it obligatory on part of the state governments and local bodies to ensure that every child gets education in a school in the neighbourhood. Its implementation will directly benefit close to one crore children who do not go to schools at present. These children, who have either dropped out from schools or have never been to any educational institution, will be enrolled in schools.

IMPLEMENTATION OF ACT :

IMPLEMENTATION OF ACT Under the 86th constitutional amendment ,2002 right of children to free and compulsory education act ,2009 in the Article 21-A of the indian constitution inserted RTE as one of the fundamental right by special majority of both the houses of parliament.the act came into force from 1st april 2010. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced the operationalisation of the Act. Children, who had either dropped out of schools or never been to any educational institution, will get elementary education. “The RIGHT TO EDUCATION ACT came into force from 1st april 2010.”

Advisory Council on Implementation :

Advisory Council on Implementation The Ministry of HRD set up a high-level, 14-member NAC for implementation of the bill. The members include Kiran Karnik , former president of NASSCOM Krishna Kumar , former director of the NCERT Mrinal Miri , former vice-chancellor of North-East Hill University Yogendra Yadav - social scientist Amita Dhanda , professor of law, NALSAR , Hyderabad; Venita Kaul , Ex- World Bank and Head, Centre for Early Childhood Education and Development, Ambedkar University , Delhi Annie Namala , an activist and head of Centre for Social Equity and Inclusion Aboobacker Ahmad , vice-president of Muslim Education Society, Kerala.

Main features of Right to Education Act :

Main features of Right to Education Act Free and compulsory education to all children of India in the six to 14 age group. No child shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until completion of elementary education. A child who completes elementary education shall be awarded a certificate. Calls for a fixed student-teacher ratio. Will apply to all of India except Jammu and Kashmir. Provides for 25 percent reservation for economically disadvantaged communities in admission to Class One in all private schools Mandates improvement in quality of education. School teachers will need adequate professional degree within five years or else will lose Job. School infrastructure (where there is problem) to be improved in three years, else recognition cancelled. Financial burden will be shared between state and central government.

Right To Education Bill :

Right To Education Bill The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2010 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on April 1st, 2010.  The Bill was referred to the Standing Committee on Human Resource Development, which is scheduled to submit its report within two months. The Bill amends the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act,2009.  It expands the definition of “child belonging to disadvantaged group” to include children with disability.  .  “Child with disability” is defined as a child who is blind, leprosy cured, hearing impaired, locomotor disabled, and mentally ill. .  It also includes children suffering from autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities. A child suffering from autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities has the same right to pursue free and compulsory elementary education which children with disability have under the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995. The Act provides for establishing School Management Committees to prepare school development plan.  Article 30 of the Constitution provides that all minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.  Thus, the Bill states that School Management Committees of minority institutions shall function only in an advisory capacity .

Challenges Ahead:

Challenges Ahead Financial Challenges Challenge to Find Qualified Teachers Challenge to promote Infrastructure Challenge to provide Equality and Quality in Education Challenge to Enforce 25% Quota for Weaker Sections

Duties and responsibility of state govt. and local authority under RTE act:

Duties and responsibility of state govt. and local authority under RTE act DUTIES Child right Teachers School Permanent teachers ratio (PTR) Infrastructure Minimum number of working days Library and Play material Curriculum Appropriate Govt. local authority

Slide 9:

Responsibilities For State Govt. & local authorities Good quality EE conforming to specified norms and standards. Timely prescription of curriculum, courses of study, teachers’ training. For local authorities Ensure admission of children of migrant families.  monitor functioning of schools within its jurisdiction; and decide the academic calendar.

Protection of RTE Act :

Protection of RTE Act Act assigns NCPCR/SCPCR additional functions. Examine and review safeguards for rights under this Act, recommend measures for effective implementation. Inquire into complaints relating to child’s right to free and compulsory education. NCPCR/SCPCR have powers assigned under Section14 and 24 of the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act. Where SCPCR not constituted, appropriate govt. may constitute an authority.

Actions being undertaken at center level :

Actions being undertaken at center level Review of existing M.P. Jan Shiksha Adhiniyam 2002 - by 31 st March Enactment of Rules under the Act- by 31 st March. Notify plan for automatic progression from primary to upper primary; designate schools and feeder school. Children should not have to run from pillar to post for transition to u/primary in schools that terminate at primary stage. Ensure all schools conform to norms and standards prescribed in schedule- identify gaps and design plan of action- shall be communicated by 27 th Feb 2010. Review content and curriculum in line with Section 29. Policy for recruitment and redeployment of teachers being put up to Cabinet to ensure that the prescribed PTR is attained in all schools within 6 months. Ensure no-detention policy.

Actions being undertaken at State level :

Actions being undertaken at State level Rules for constitution of SMCs being finalised. Prescribe authority, form and manner of providing/obtaining recognition. Manner of preparing school development plan by the SMCs the plan so prepared will be the basis for plans and grants. Teachers to be trained for older children; arrangements for special training for older children within school and time and outside; eventually to mainstream them to age appropriate class. Proposal to strengthen administrative capacities to implement the provisions of the Act under preparation.

Action taken at district level:

Action taken at district level To remove all the attachments of teachers before 1st of April 2010 and no new attachments Prepare information of teachers for rationalization. Mapping of habitations without Primary school Access within 1 KM and upper primary within 3 KM. After publication of Rules identify neighborhood areas for Private schools . Effective implementation of school chalei hum- particular focus on habitations with more OOSc children and with poor attendance Special training for out of school children- Enrolment of these children in age appropriate class and then special training through Residential and Non Residential Bridge courses.

Conclusion :

Conclusion Thus, it can be concluded that, Education is a fundamental human right, without which capabilities for a decent life and effective participation in society are less likely to be developed. Since the RTE Act has provided us the tools to provide quality education to all our children, it is now imperative that we, the people of India, join hands to ensure the implementation of this law in its true spirit. The Government is committed to this task though real change will happen only through collective action and we must come forward willingly for the same. This Act has put India in the same league as U.S.A. and 130 other Nations as far as the right to education is concerned. Nothing can change overnight but there is a ray of hope. A hope that if all these hurdles and shortcomings are overcome and the loopholes removed, then this will become the road leading towards an Educated India, a Proud India. “SARVA SHIKSHA WILL BE USED TO PUSH RIGHT TO EDUCATION”

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