Body Image & Eating Disorders in Adolescence 1

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Body Image & Eating Disorders in Adolescence:

Body Image & Eating Disorders in Adolescence Tanya Yeh

Anorexia Nervosa:

Anorexia Nervosa Pursuit of thinness that leads to self-starvation Believe they are fat and overweight when really they are underweight Highest incidence in girls at the beginning of adolescence

Bulimia Nervosa:

Bulimia Nervosa Eating large amounts of food with no self control followed by extreme behaviors to prevent weight gain, such as purging & using laxatives Highest incidence at the end of adolescence

Binge eating:

Binge eating Episodes of extreme over eating, but do not engage in purging behaviors

Facts/Statistics:

Facts/Statistics Eating disorders primarily affect adolescent females Usually develop around childhood 50% teenage girls use unhealthy weight control behaviors- skipping meals, purging, fasting, & use of laxatives to control weight Most people deny they have an eating disorder

Risk Factors for developing an eating disorder:

Risk Factors for developing an eating disorder Media Society Family influence Peer influence Body dissatisfaction Low self-esteem Depression

Messages about food and body type:

Messages about food and body type What messages have you encountered regarding food and body type(TV, peers, family, radio, magazines)

Slide8:

THIN IS IN! THIN IS BEAUTIFUL Watch what you eat You are gaining weight…you need to start diet and exercising SWEETS ARE BAD Say no to carbs

Media:

Media Used primarily for news and entertainment Influences adolescents Since 1971, significant increase in advertisements for diet foods and diet products 83% of adolescent girls read fashion magazines

Media women for being overweight:

Media women for being overweight

Media glorifies beauty and thinness:

M edia glorifies beauty and thinness

Society:

Society Certain activities require weight limit—football, dancing, modeling, cheerleading Higher levels of demanding exercises are prone to having a eating disorder 50% of dancers struggle with eating disorders

Family:

Family Negative communication from family members Neglectful parenting Constantly talking about dieting=food is bad=eat less

Peers:

Peers Peers opinions > Parent’s opinion Fat talk not boy talk Boys tease girls

Psychological factors:

Psychological factors Body dissatisfaction Depression Low self- esteem

Common symptoms:

Common symptoms Negative thoughts and feelings with one’s physical appearance and own self No self- acceptance Constant feeling of sadness

Prevention:

Prevention Teach them while they are young about healthy eating habits Not everything seen on TV is real Good parenting..dieting does not work…show children what is considered eating healthy…be involved Have models that look like every day women

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