wireless communication

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Wireless Communications Principles and Practice T.S. Rappaport 2nd Edition :

© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Wireless Communications Principles and Practice T.S. Rappaport 2 nd Edition Chapter 2: Modern Wireless Communication Systems

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.1 Growth of cellular telephone subscribers throughout the world.

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.2 Worldwide subscriber base as a function of cellular technology in late 2001.

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited .

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.3 Various upgrade paths for 2G technologies.

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited .

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited .

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.4 Example of the emerging applications and markets for broadband services. (Courtesy of Harris Corporation, ©1999, all rights reserved.)

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.5 Allocation of broadband wireless spectrum throughout the work. (Courtesy of Ray W. Nettleton and reproduced by permission of Formus Communications.)

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited .

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.7 A wireless Competitive Local Exchange Carrier (CLEC) using Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) distribution.

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.8 Measured received power levels over a 605 m 38 GHz fixed wireless link in clear sky, rain, and hail [from [Xu00], ©IEEE].

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.9 Measured received power during rain storm at 38 GHz [from [Xu00], ©IEEE].

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.10 Overview of the IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN standard.

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.11 Photographs of popular 802.11b WLAN equipment. Access points and a client card are shown on left, and PCMCIA Client card is shown on right. (Courtesy of Cisco Systems, Inc.)

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.12 Channelization scheme for IEEE 802.11b throughout the world.

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.13 A predicted coverage plot for three access points in a modern large lecture hall. (Courtesy of Wireless Valley Communications, Inc., ©2000, all rights reserved.)

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.14 Schematic of an experiment to determine how received interference impacts end user performance on a WLAN network [Hen01] demonstrated that a CAD prediction and measurement environment can be used to accurately and rapidly predict true end user throughput in a multi-node network using blind prediction. Such capabilities will be vital as user densities increase in WLAN networks within buildings or campuses.

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.15 A typical neighborhood where high speed license free WLAN service from the street might be contemplated [Dur98b].

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.16 Measured values of path loss using a street-mounted lamp-post transmitter at 5.8 GHz, for various types of customer premise antenna [from [Dur98], ©IEEE].

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited .

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© 2002 Pearson Education, Inc. Commercial use, distribution, or sale prohibited . Figure 2.17 Example of a Personal Area Network (PAN) as provided by the Bluetooth standard.

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