town planning principles

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TAMILNEETHI,CIVIL ENGINEERING

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Town Planning Principles:

Town Planning Principles By Pradeep L imani (U09CE077)

Contents:

Contents INTRODUCTION HISTORY OF TOWN PLANNING PRINCIPLES OF TOWN PLANNING GREEN BELT HOUSING PUBLIC BUILDING RECREATIONAL CENTRES ROAD SYSTEM TRANSPORT FACILITIES ZONING REFERENCES

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION Planning refers to the process of deciding what to do and how to do it. “A place where men had a common life for a noble end ” The art and science of ordering the use of land and siting of buildings and communication routes so as to secure the maximum practicable degree of economy, convenience , and beauty.

History of Town Planning:

History of Town Planning Industrial Revolutions in England in 18 th century. Migration of people. Necessity of house workers within the towns. Town Planning Act, 1909.

Principles of Town Planning:

Principles of Town Planning Green Belt Housing Public building Recreation Centres Road systems Transport facilities Zoning

Green Belt:

Green Belt Tokyo It is an invisible line encircling a certain area with wildlife. Limiting size of the town. Improves city ecological conditions.

Housing :

Housing It is important to provide accommodation to various categories of people very carefully. No developments of slums. If exists should be removed by some alternative arrangement.

Public building :

Public building well –balanced grouping and distribution of various public buildings throughout the town. Unnecessary concentration of public buildings should be avoided.

Recreation Centres:

Recreation C entres According to the size of town enough space should be reserved for Recreational activities. These can be places for playing of children, social gathering etc.

Road systems:

Road systems Efficiency of a town is measured by the layout of its roads. A nicely designed road system puts a great impression in the minds of people.

Transport facilities:

Transport facilities Adequate transport facilities should be available so that there is minimum loss of time from a one place to another.

Zoning :

Zoning The town should be divided into suitable zones such as commercial zone, industrial zone, residential zone, etc. Cities in precariously low Floor Space Index.

References :

References S.C. Rangwala, “Town Planning” . Dr. K.A.Chauhan, “Introduction to Building and Town Planning”. Todd Litman, “Planning Principles and Practices” Victoria Transport Policy Institute. (July 2012) Shirley Ballaney, “The Town Planning Mechanism in Gujarat, India. (2008)

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