urban development planning

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An introductoion to the key concepts, ideas and approaches in development planning as applicable to the urban environment

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Study Unit 2: Urban Development Planning. Lecture 4: Dr.TM Ruhiiga, Geography & Environmental Sciences, North West Unversity, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa. Feb 18 2011:

Study Unit 2: Urban Development Planning. Lecture 4: Dr.TM Ruhiiga, Geography & Environmental Sciences, North West Unversity , Mmabatho 2735, South Africa. Feb 18 2011 Defining planning General Principles Planning Process Spatial Imprint of planning

2. Defining Planning:

2. Defining Planning Planning= a deliberate set of interventions in the landscape aimed at directing, controlling , regulating the location, distribution, level and intensity of land uses and resulting activities in order to produce desired outcomes in line with the urban policy of the immediate local government authority

3. General Principles:

3. General Principles Planning is an attempt to shape the future by controlling the present Natural forces left on their own will not and cannot guarantee our desired future Development as a process has to be controlled Planning means the ability to identify priorities & their order of urgency Development requires massive resources

4. Cont’d:

4. Cont’d But resources are scarce in time and space Planning must provide the means to allocate resources across various competing needs The scale factor determines the type of planning that organisations engage in: from a street, to a small locality upwards to the entire urban space of a particular settlement Decisions have to be made about how best to reach the greatest population with services

5. Cont’d:

5. Cont’d Cost and benefit analysis enters the planning equation: demand for and availability of resources have to be balanced Planning initiates changes with immediate, medium term and long term spatial effects Planning attempts to minimize the occurrence of unintended outcomes in the environment

6. The Planning Process:

6. The Planning Process Premises: Understanding the social-economic-status of the locality, as is now Identifying limitations, opportunities and possibilities of intervention Developing a policy & legislative framework for housing all proposed interventions Sensitivity to the balance between short-term needs & long term expectations of development

7. Cont’d:

7. Cont’d Organisational set up with an appropriate mix of skills & community participation to ensure meeting the multiple demands of government, the local community, industry, and pressure groups System for financing the various elements of the development process across different time scales Understanding the long term projections of what the area wants to be in future

8: Planning Process cont’d:

8: Planning Process cont’d Outcomes: Infrastructure Services..quality, access , affordability Housing & segregation Public Institutions Government buildings General business premises Industrial hubs & connectivity

9. Spatial Imprint:

9. Spatial Imprint Urban planning and urban space Land uses & changes in and through time Relative significance of landscapes The urban physical profile Urban movement & mass transit systems

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