Ayurveda presentation

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Comprehensive system that places equal emphasis on the body, mind and spirit, and it strives to restore the innate harmony of the individual It is not only about treating sickness - it is based on preventing disease and enhancing health, longevity, vitality and happiness. Introduction to Ayurveda

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Ayu - ‘Chetananuvritti’ Chetana : Consiousness Anu : To follow Vritti : Business Ayu (Life) - “one which follows the business of consciousness” Veda - ‘The compendium of knowledge or Science.’ Definition

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History Of Ayurveda Ayurveda originated in India 5000 years back. However, an accurate dating is uncertain Significant medical content can be found in Rig-Veda (presumed origin c. 1500 BC) Early writings on perishable bhojpatra According to Hindu Mythology: Bramhadev. It is thought to be passed to Ashwin to Indra nd Daksha Prajapati.

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Traditional Ayurvedic Geneology Bramha Dakshaprajapati Ashwini kumars Indra Bharadwaja Atreya Agnivesha Dhanavantri Divadosa Sushrutha

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Atharva Veda Ayurveda (the fifth veda) charaka (knowledge of life) sushrutha vagabhata S A M H I T A S VIRDDHA TRAYI “Triad of ancients”

The Four Components of Life : 

The Four Components of Life

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Health according to Ayurveda is perfect balance between Sharir : Body, Indriya : Senses Satv : Mind, Atma : Spirit (soul) Ayurvedic techniques focus on achieving that balance Components of Life

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SHARIR ( PHYSICAL BODY): composed of five fundamental elements i.e ‘Panch Mahabhut’ Akash (SPACE), Vayu (AIR), Agni (FIRE), +Consciousness= LIFE Jala (WATER) Prithvi (EARTH) The man and the Universe

Examples of Elements EffectingHuman Physiology : 

Examples of Elements EffectingHuman Physiology Space: In the human body, many spaces are aspects of the Space element. The spaces in the mouth, nose, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, abdomen, thorax, capillaries, and tissues are all examples of Space.

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Examples of Elements EffectingHuman Physiology Air: Air is the element of movement. All movements involve Air as an element. Any time there is motion, it means Air is present. The nature of the elements themselves determine the nature of physiology. Within the human body, Air is present in the pulsations of the heart and the expansion and contraction of the lungs. Movements of the nervous system are also governed by the Air principle.

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Fire: The source of Fire and light in the solar system is the sun. In the human body, the source of Fire is metabolism. Fire works in the digestive system as well as in the gray matter of the brain, where Fire manifests as intelligence. Fire also activates the retina to perceive light. Therefore, body temperature, digestion, thinking processes, and vision are all functions of the bodily Fire. All metabolism and enzyme systems are controlled by this element. Examples of Elements EffectingHuman Physiology

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Water: It manifests in the body as the secretions of digestive juices, in the mucous membranes and in plasma and cytoplasm. Water is vital for the functioning of all the systems of the body. For example, dehydration resulting from diarrhea and vomiting must be treated immediately to protect the patient’s life. Examples of Elements EffectingHuman Physiology

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Earth: the fifth element, is also present in the microcosm of the human being. Life is possible on this planet because the Earth holds all living and non-living substances to its solid surface. In the body, all solid structures are derived from Earth. Examples of Elements EffectingHuman Physiology

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Four components of Life 2. INDRIY (senses &functions): ELEVEN Gyan-Indriy (Senses): FIVE Sight, Hearing, Smell, Touch& Taste Karm-Indriy (Voluntary functions): FIVE Functions of- Hands, Feet, Mouth, Anus & Reproductive organs.

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Four components of Life 3. MANN (MIND): Supreme Indriy that controls all ten Indriy Has three abstract qualities- ‘Satv’, ‘Raj’ and ‘Tam’

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4. ATMA (SOUL /SELF) : Param Atma- Supreme, immortal, pure has only satva, free of happiness or sorrow. Jiv Atma- resides in living body attached to Raj and Tam, witness every function & emotion throughout the life. Four components of Life

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Ultimate goal of life- Sukh (Happiness) Aim of Ayurved: guide/help to achieve the happiness by- Protection of Health Alleviation of Disease Most fundamental Principle / Theory- “Prakriti Purush Samya”

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Prakriti (Nature): Governed by Air, Sun and Water Purush (Living body): Regulated by 3 vital entities: ‘Doshas’ ‘VATA’, ‘PITTA’ and ‘KAPHA’

The Three Doshas“Tridosha” : 

The Three Doshas“Tridosha”

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Tridosh Ayurveda is based on 3 energies. Their balanced stated is health and imbalance is disease VATA - the kinetic energy Movement, Division, Growth, etc. PITTA –- the thermal energy Heat generation, Intellect, Sight, KAPHA - the potential energy Immunological Functions, Nourishment, Lubrication etc.

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Health & Disease Health: Equilibrium of Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Disease: Derangement of this equilibrium.

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Genetic Constitution of Body ‘’Prakriti Purush Samya’’

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Doshas Function

Seven Dhatus and Malas : 

Seven Dhatus and Malas

Dhatus : 

Dhatus Dhatus: Structural Component of the Body/tissues. Seven Dhatus Rasa (Plasma) Rakta (Blood) Mamsa (Muscle) Meda (Fat tissues) Asthi (Bone) Majja (Marrow) Shukra (Semen)

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Malas The Excretory System/products Three Malas: Waste products of the body 1. Stool 2. Urine and 3. Sweat. Two Aspects of Mala: Mala and Kitta Mala: Waste product of Body Kitta: Waste product of Dhatus For Good health - Proper excretion.

Treatment in Ayurveda : 

Treatment in Ayurveda

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Major Clinical Disciplines 1. Kaya Chikitsa (internal medicine) 2. Kaumer Bhrutya Tantra (gynecology,obstetrics & pediatrics) 3. Shalya Tantra (surgery) 4. Shalakya Tantra (ears, nose, throat, eyes, mouth & teeth) 5. Graha Bhuta Vidya (Ayurvedic psychiatry and psychology, plus Vedic astrology) 6. Damshta (toxicology and medical jurisprudence) 7. Rasayana (rejuvenation, particularly useful for geriatrics) 8. Vajikarana (virilization therapy & science of aphrodisiacs)

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Ayurveda heals by activating the natural inherent curative force of the body It believes in complete cure and not only control of signs and symptoms It gives more stress on why is the problem rather than what is the problem Being natural, it is free from side effects, rather side benefits are there It believes not only in restoration of the static balance but also the Dynamic balance It is a holistic system of medicine and does not have segregated approach, as it cures the patient as a whole and not the disease only SALIENT FEATURES OF AYURVEDA

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Chinese medicine and Ayurveda It is arround 2000 years old Similarities – because of exchange of ideas via Buddhism and trade. Includes several branches like: Accupuncture

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Minimal side effects Side effects quite common Concepts/ Keep changing; Unstable Fundamentals, therapy is firm, Individualized Management Generalized management Ayurveda Allopathic

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Drug Therapy in Ayurved AUSHADH (Drug) “ One which ensures alleviation the disease but does not give rise to any other disorders ”

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Aushadh (Drug or Medicines): PLANT origin MINERAL origin ANIMAL origin - Single or Compound formulations of above - Employed as per ‘Yukti’ (planning) based on “Purusham Purusham Veekshy” (individual-specific assessment) Drug Therapy in Ayurved

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Classical Medicines: Single & compound formulations. Ingredients & indications / uses as documented in authentic texts of Ayurved. Proprietary/ Patent: Innovative yet based on traditional knowledge. Active ingredients selected from authentic texts of Ayurved. Drug Therapy in Ayurved

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