Culture and Tradition with GERMANY

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Culture and Tradition with GERMANY

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COLLABORATIVE PROJECTS These Projects are an asset of Rukmini Devi Public School

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We, grade 8 students are sharing the interacted information with Germany on the topic “Culture and Tradition” in the form of a presentation….

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Dances Festivals Crafts Monuments

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The culture of India refers to the religions, beliefs, customs, traditions, languages, ceremonies, arts, values and the way of life in India and its people. India's languages, religions, dance, music, architecture, food and customs differ from place to place within the country, but nevertheless possess a commonality. Its culture often labeled as an amalgamation of these diverse sub-cultures spread all over the Indian subcontinent and traditions that are several millennia old .

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Dance in India covers a wide range of dance and dance theatre forms, from the ancient classical or temple dance to folk and modern styles. Three best-known Hindu deities, Shiva, Kali and Krishna, are typically represented dancing. There are hundreds of Indian folk dances such as Bhangra, Bihu, Ghumura Dance, Sambalpuri, Chhau and Garba and special dances observed in regional festivals.

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India offers a number of classical Indian dance forms, each of which can be traced to different parts of the country. The gods and goddesses are invoked through the religious folk dance forms from good old times. The presentation of Indian dance styles in film, Hindi Cinema, has exposed the range of dance in India to a global audience.

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Classical Dances The classical dance forms which have developed, have set rules that have been followed traditionally over the years. On the basic model, various gurus incorporate their own imaginative innovations, leading to various schools within a particular dance form. Apart from the gracious hand & leg postures & movements, the dancers have to acquire the skill of portraying various emotions faithfully in each expression on their face & each fluid movement of their hand, legs & in fact their whole body. Every part conveys some meaning in their graceful motion.

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Folk Dances The folk dances of any community are performed on almost every special occasion and festival, to express elation and joy. These dances are also considered to be auspicious by many of the tribal communities in the country. Many folk dances are dedicated to the presiding deity of the specific community. The most interesting part of a folk dance is the attire required for its performance. Every folk dance has its own specific costume and jewelry, which differs from dance to dance. They are, in general, very bright and colorful, with traditional jewelries that give a folk touch to the performance.

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Dance is very popular in Germany and is entrenched in German culture from the very beginning. With more than two hundred and fifty ballet companies and over sixteen hundred dancers employed by theaters, Germany is well renowned for its performing arts. You can find innumerable freelancers and choreographers performing at various venues both within and outside the country. German dancing scenario is dominated by the traditional classical approach as well as the modern expressionist approach.

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In the traditional circuit you can find world renowned ballet masters such as John Neumeier whose high aestheticism and great intensity has enabled them to gain this status. At the flip side of German dancing scene, stand the dance theaters or the “Tanztheater”. With its roots in the expressionist dance of 1920s and the political street theater of the 1960s, the “Tanztheater” has become a famous dance form. Some eminent performers of this dance form are- Johann Kresnik and Sasha Waltz from Berlin and Pina Bausch of Wuppertal.

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Indian Festivals, celebrated by varied cultures and through their special rituals, add to the colours of the Indian Heritage. Some festivals welcome the seasons of the year, the harvest, the rains, or the full moon. Others celebrate religious occasions, the birthdays of divine beings, saints, and gurus (revered teachers), or the advent of the New Year. A number of these festivals are common to most parts of India. However, they may be called by different names in various parts of the country or may be celebrated in a different fashion.

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Many festivals celebrate the various harvests; commemorate great historical figures and events, while many express devotion to the deities of different religions. Every celebration is centered around the rituals of prayer, seeking blessings, exchanging goodwill, decorating houses, wearing new clothes, music, dance and feasting. In India every region and every religion has something to celebrate. The festivals reflect the vigour and life-style of its people. Vibrant colours, music and festivity make the country come alive throughout the year.

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NATIONAL FESTIVALS National festivals are celebrated to commemorate the occurrence of great historical events of national importance. Such festivals inculcate a strong feeling of patriotism in the minds of Indians. India celebrates three National Festivals namely: Aug 15 - Independence Day, the red-letter day in the Indian calendar when India achieved freedom from the British rule on this day in the year 1947. Jan 26 -   Republic Day, the day when India became a truly sovereign state as the constitution of India came into force on this day in the year 1950. Oct 2 - Gandhi Jayanti, the birth anniversary of Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi who was born on this day in the year 1869.

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India is the birth place of four of the world's major religious traditions; namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. Throughout its history, religion has been an important part of the country's culture. Religious diversity and religious tolerance are both established in the country by law and custom. A vast majority of Indians associate themselves with a religion. According to the 2001 censusHinduism accounted for 80.5% of the population of India. Islam (13.4%), Christianity (2.3%) and Sikhism (1.9%) are the other major religions followed by the people of India.

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HARVEST FESTIVAL Makar Sankranti, or Sankranti is a popular Indian festival. It is celebrated in many parts of the country and in some other parts of the world with great zeal and enthusiasm. It is a harvest festival, which is celebrated in the Hindu communities. The festival marks the day when the sun begins its northward journey and enters the sign of Makar (the Capricorn) from the Tropic of Cancer. It is like the movement of sun from Dakshinayana (south) to Uttarayana (north) hemisphere. It is the one of the few chosen Indian Hindu festivals which has a fixed date. This day falls on the 14th of January every year according to the Hindu Solar Calendar.

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Lohri is an agricultural festival, filled with merry-making. It is celebrated every year on 13th of January. In the villages of Punjab, it is an occasion where the entire village gets together and celebrates like one big happy family. The bonfire is lit in the main village square, and after a fair amount of song and dance, everyone eats a rich and fulfilling community dinner. During this time, the farmers are undergoing a period of rest because wheat, which is the main crop in Punjab, is sown in October and harvested in March or April.

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Pongal is one of the most popular harvest festival of South India, mainly Tamil Nadu. Pongal falls in the mid-January every year and marks the auspicious beginning of Uttarayan - sun's journey northwards. Pongal festival lasts for four days. Celebrations include drawing of Kolam, swinging & cooking of delicious Pongal. It has astronomical significance: it marks the beginning of Uttarayana, the Sun's movement northward for a six month period. In Hinduism, Uttarayana is considered auspicious, as opposed to Dakshinaayana, or the southern movement of the sun.

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Germany is a country full of traditions and festivals, all year around you will find a possibility to have fun with the public festivities. In January there are few events being the most important the Three Hallowed Kings festivity. February is the month of Carnival in almost every Germany’s city there are many big parties and parades March is the beginning of the spring and the end of the winter, there are many festivals and events.

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May is full of annual events, spring and summer festivals and many music festivals. Germany’s June festivals include music festivals and sport events. . August is popular for beer festivals, wine festivals and theatre festivals. In September the wine, beer and music festivals continue . In November and December the Christmas markets appear, doesn’t matter the German city where you are, there is always a Christmas market.

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In India craft was a part of daily life in tribal communities where every Bamboo craft and cane products are more in use in India and always been a part of Indian culture. Wood carving is an ancient Indian craft practiced in India long before stone sculpture, which itself dates back to ancient times. Indian wood worker designated as sutradhar has always held a high position in the society. The stone-carving tradition in India is one of the richest in the world .In ancient times, stone carving was used for making small weapons like arrowheads, javelin points, hammer etc.

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India is the only country in the world with a unbroken, living vibrant tradition of crafts. While agriculture employs the largest number of people in India, the crafts sector is next and sustains over 20 million practitioners. The wide geographic spread embraces all of India and covers a huge gamut of widely differing work structure and cultures. Crafts communities, using similar materials that range from clay to precious metals, work with widely differing techniques and technologies to create a rich variety of forms .

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The glitter is always glitter whether it is of gold or silver or metal. The metal craft shines as good and stimulates the environment in homes, offices and other places. They are products of imagination of artisans. The important metal crafts centers are Moradabad, Jaipur, and Delhi etc. These products are popular as part of culture. As they are inexpensive they become valuable possessions of art lovers. There are two important types of metal craft White Metal and Metal Meenakari

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Germany has been famous for its arts and crafts the world over for centuries. The history of arts and crafts in Germany is a glorious chapter of the larger history of European High Culture. German artists have enjoyed the praise of the world in different centuries. During the Renissance period, there were several important German artists including Durer and Grunewald.

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Taj on the right bank of River Yamuna, about 1.5km from the Agra fort, was built to enshrine the remains of Arjumand Banu Begam entitled Mumbai Mahal, the queen of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. its construction commenced in AD 1631 and completed seventeen years later at an enormous cost and labour

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The intricate carvings and inlay work in marble enhance the beauty of Taj in which the emperor was also buried by the side of his queen after his death. Unlike other Mughal garden tombs, the mausoleum is situated at the northern end of a large rectangular area with its central portion divided into a square garden. The Taj is entered through a majestic gateway in the center of the southern side where there is a spacious quadrangle.

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Qutb-Minar in red and buff sandstone is the highest tower in India. It has a diameter of 14.32m at the base and about 2.75m on the top with a height of 72.5m . Qumbu's-Din Aibak laid the foundation of Minar in AD 1199 for the use of the mu'azzin (crier) to give calls for prayer and raised the first storey, to which were added three more storeys by his successor and son-in-law, Shamus's-Din IItutmish (AD 1211-1236).

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The Red Fort Complex was built as the palace fort of Shahjahanabad - the new capital of the 5th Mughal Emperor of India, Shahjahan (1628-58). It gets its name from its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone. It is adjacent to an older fort, the Salimgarh, built by Islam Shah Sur in 1546, with which it forms the Red Fort Complex. The palace was designed as an imitation of paradise as described in the Koran; a couplet inscribed in the palace reads, ‘If there be a paradise on earth, it is here, it is here. RED FORT

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The design of the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum (renamed Bodemuseum in 1956), the emperor Wilhelm II commissioned the head government building officer Ernst von Ihne, one of the best-known exponents of Wilhelminian Baroque. In order to achieve the appearance of a building rising from water, the architect designed the three-winged building, located at the north tip of the Museum Island, arranged around several interior courtyards so that the exterior facades immediately bordered the banks of the river Spree. BODE MUSEUM(GERMANY)

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We have studied about all the culture & tradition of India & Germany. This project has been very inspiring & told us about all the things about the difference in the tradition of the countries . It helped us to be together & work on the topic .

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THANKING YOU Efforts by:-Priya Sanchita Shivani & Yashika