Comparison between LONDON & BOMBAY

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ATOMIC ENERGY CENTRAL SCHOOL NARWAPAHAR PROJECT SUBJECT: Social Science

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COMPARISON BETWEEN TOPIC LONDON & BOMBAY

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TEACHER CONCERNED :- Mr. R.K. Bhattacharjee PREPARED BY:- Swarnim Das Roll: 33 Amit Sardar Roll: 16 Anish Kumar Roll: 17 Rohit Nagar Roll: 36

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The name "London" is now used for a wider area than just the City of London, which is often known simply as 'The City'. This usage is documented as far back as the 16th century. 'The City' also denotes the trading and financial community based there. In this context it is also colloqually known as 'The Square Mile'. LONDON

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Mumbai is built on what was once an archipelago of seven islands: Bombay Island Parel Mazagaon Mahim Colaba Worli Old Woman's Island (also known as Little Colaba). BOMBAY

HOUSING: 

LONDON  Families relying on an income from casual work could only afford basic accommodation. They built their houses quickly and cheaply, often without facilities such as bathrooms and toilets. But the rich lived in big bungalows.  Sometimes houses were divided in half to accommodate two families. This often meant that one family had to make do without a easily accessible supply of drinking water.  Like the European elite, the richer Parsi , Muslim and upper-caste traders and industrialists of Bombay lived in sprawling, spacious bungalows. In contrast, more than 70 per cent of the working people lived in the thickly populated chawls of Bombay.  Since workers walked to their place of work, 90 per cent of mill-workers were housed in Girangaon , a ‘mill village’ only 15 minutes’ walk from the mills. HOUSING BOMBAY

HOUSING: 

LONDON The 1890 Housing Act made it the responsibility of local councils to provide decent accommodation for local people. Things gradually improved, but conditions remained bad well into the 20th century. High rents forced workers to share homes, either with relatives or caste fellows who were streaming into the city. People had to keep the windows of their rooms closed even in humid weather due to the close proximity of filthy gutters, privies, buffalo stables etc. HOUSING BOMBAY

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PROBLEM IN LONDON PROBLEM IN BOMBAY

Growth of urbanization: 

LONDON The city of London became a powerful magnet for migrant population. At first it was not too much populated. Its population multiplied fourfold in the 70 years between 1810 & 1880, increasing from 1 million to 4 million. Bombay was a crowded city. While every Londoner in the 1840s enjoyed an average space of 155 sq. yards, Bombay had a mere 9.5 sq. yards. By 1872 , when London had a average of 8 persons per house, the density in Bombay was as high as 20. Growth of urbanization BOMBAY

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LONDON – GROWTH OF URBANIZATION

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BOMBAY – GROWTH OF URBANIZATION

INDUSTRIALIZATION: 

LONDON There was a great number of jobs in London for all types of people such as shopkeepers,, skilled artisans , street sellers and beggars. Apart from the London dockyards, 5 major types of industries employed large number of people. These industries included clothing and footwear, wood and furniture, metals and engineering, printing and stationery With the growth of trade in cotton and opium, large communities of trades and bankers as well as artisans and shopkeepers came to settle in Bombay. The establishment of textile mills led to a fresh surge in migration. Bombay came to be a ‘MAYAPURI’-city of dreams. The film industry had set up its grip in Bombay which was a milestone in Indian film history. INDUSTRIALIZATION BOMBAY

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CRAZE AMONG PEOPLE

CITY DEVELOPMENT: 

LONDON In London Country Fire Office Was established. 19th century London was transformed by the coming of the railways. A new network of metropolitan railways allowed for the development of suburbs in neighboring counties from which people could commute to the centre. The Wellington Pier (Apollo Bunder ) in the north of Colaba was opened for passenger traffic in 1819. The construction of the new mint commenced in 1825 . The University of Bombay was the first modern institution of higher education to be established in India in 1857. Bombay time was set at 4 hours and 51 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) using the 75th east meridian. CITY DEVELOPMENT BOMBAY

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LONDON FIRE OFFICE

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BOMBAY MINT

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PADDINGTON STATION FARRINGTON STATION LONDON RAIL

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LONDON BOMBAY COMPARATIVE SUDY

TIMELINE OF HISTORY: 

LONDON 1571 -The Royal Exchange is built. 1600 -The population of London is about 250,000. 1666 -The Great Fire of London destroys about 13,200 houses. 1685 -Oil lamps are used to light the streets of London 1749 -Westminster Bridge is built. 1881 -The Natural History Museum is founded 1431 - Haji Ali Dargah built. 1735 - Start of shipbuilding industry (Wadia docks, Duncan docks) 1801 -Siddhivinayak temple built at Prabhadevi. 1870 -Mumbai Port Trust formed. 1911 - King George V and Queen Mary visit Mumbai. Gateway of India is built to commemorate their arrival. TIMELINE OF HISTORY BOMBAY

LONDON: 

BUCKHINGAM PALACE LONDON St. Paul’s Clock

BOMBAY: 

BALLARD PIER RAILWAY STATION BOMBAY CHATTRAPATI SHIVAJI TERMINAL

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THE END

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THANK YOU