Wireless Technology

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Its a basic presentation based on wireless technology.

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WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION Wireless is a term used to describe communications in which electromagnetic waves are used for communication purpose The first wireless transmitters went on the air in the early 20th century using radiotelegraphy (Morse code). Later, as modulation made it possible to transmit voices and music via wireless

WIRELESS CAN BE DIVIDED INTO ::

WIRELESS CAN BE DIVIDED INTO : FIXED WIRELESS 1.Mobile wireless 2.Portable wireless IR WIRELESS 1.IR (infrared) radiation

COMMON EXAMPLES OF WIRELESS::

COMMON EXAMPLES OF WIRELESS: 1.Cellular phones and pagers 2.Cordless computer peripherals 3.Global Positioning System (GPS)

HISTORY:

HISTORY The theory of electromagnetic waves by Heinrich Hertz in 1888 Theory of electromagnetic waves were predicted from the research of James Clerk Maxwell Hertz demonstrated that electromagnetic waves and they were able to be received by an experimental apparatus

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WIRED VS WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY

Difference between wired and wireless technology:

Difference between wired and wireless technology Wireless networking has predominantly become more popular over the past few years, with advancements in technology, wireless speeds are getting closer to matching those of wired and many homes and businesses are implementing them into their network. While wireless certainly offer flexibility and convenience there are also many other important factors to consider when using them in place of wired networks.

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SPEED The networking of the wired networks are more faster as compared to other types of wireless networking devices because they are able to provide the speed of more then 1000 Mbps. INSTALLATION Wired, ethernet cable must be on each computer to another computer or a central device. This often causes complications because of the length of cable required and necessary arrangements to wire the room neat. Wireless, can be configured in 2 ways Ad hoc networks Infrastructure mode Both ad hoc and infrastructure mode needs a Network adapter called WLAN cards.

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RELIABILITY Due to there being no physical medium, data has to transfer through the air and must pass through any surface in its path. This means that signals can get blocked and deflected and this means your connection can suffer or even drop. Wired network fails very rarely and provide good speed and performance MOBILITY In wired technology it cannot provide mobile network. Difficult to lay down the cables and it looks very messy when install outside. In wireless technology it is not very much reliable only best for mobile devices such as Laptops. Not faster as compared to wired devices

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COST In wired technology we need many expenses to setup the wired network. Because we need large money to spread the network of coaxial cables. As compared to other wired devices it is easy to setup the wireless networking devices at the very low and at the reliable cost.

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TYPES OF TECHNOLOGIES

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INTRODUCTION: Wireless Technology is an alternative to Wired Technology, which is commonly used, for connecting devices in wireless mode. Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) is a generic term that refers to the IEEE 802.11 communications standard for Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs). Wi-Fi Network connect computers to each other, to the internet and to the wired network.

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HOW WIFI WORKS? Basic concept is same as Walkie talkies. A Wi-Fi hotspot is created by installing an access point to an internet connection. When Wi-Fi enabled device encounters a hotspot the device can then connect to that network wirelessly. Many access points can be connected to each other via Ethernet cables to create a single large network.

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WIFI TOPOLOGIES AP-based topology (Infrastructure Mode) Peer-to-peer topology (Ad-hoc Mode) Point-to-multipoint bridge topology

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WI-FI SECURITY THREATS Wi-fi Is Also Having Some Security Issues Like >>Eavesdropping >>Man-in-the-middle attacks >>Denial of Service

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WI-FI APPLICATIONS It Is Most Commonly Used In Laptops And Mobiles For Internet Portability Used At Airport For Updating FlightTime Tables On Servers Used In Offices To Connect Manu Building On One HUB

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“Automatic communication between various devices within a small area in a house or an office makes it possible. When you click on an icon for a device and you are linked to it, automatically and transparently”

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BLUETOOTH LOGO: Bjarkan Hagall

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BLUETOOTH VERSION: Bluetooth 1.0 and 1.0B Bluetooth 1.1 Bluetooth 1.2 Bluetooth 2.0 Bluetooth 3.0

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ADVANTAGES: Wireless Low energy consumption Bluetooth is automatic

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DISADVANATAGES: Slow data rates

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RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS A radio communication system  sends signals by radio. The radio equipment involved in communication systems includes a transmitter and a receiver, each having an antenna and appropriate terminal equipment .

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VOICE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM: TRANSMITTER RECEIVER

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USES: AUDIO  VIDEO 

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TELEPHONE  NAVIGATION 

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RADAR  DATA(DIGITAL RADIO) 

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WIRELESS LAN A WLAN is data communication system that reduces the need for wired connections and makes new applications possible, thereby adding new flexibility to networking.

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ARCHITECTURE OF WLAN Stations Basic service set Extended service set Distribution system

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STATIONS All components that can connect into a wireless medium in a network are referred to as stations Wireless stations fall into one of two categories: Access points Clients

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BASIC SERVICE SET The basic service set (BSS) is a set of all stations that can communicate with each other. There are two types of BSS: Independent BSS Infrastructure BSS.

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EXTENDED SERVICE SET An extended service set (ESS) is a set of connected BSSs .

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DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM The concept of a DS can be used to increase network coverage through roaming between cells.

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ADVANTAGES OF WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY Easy to use. Avoid use of cables. Offers productivity,convenience and cost advantages over traditional wired technology.

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Completes the access technology portfolios. Goes where cable cannot. Involves reduced time to revenue.

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Provides broadband access extension. Greater flexibility and mobility for users.

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DISADVANTAGES OF WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY: Shorter range than wired connections. More prone to interferences. Several wireless networks can interfere with each other. More Expensive.

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Because wireless transmissions can pass through walls, security is an issue. You will need to secure your private wireless network, generally by password-restricting the network and by using a firewall to prevent unwelcome visitors. Wireless reception varies from area to area, even within your own apartment. It's not always guaranteed that you'll have a connection to the Internet.

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Applications Of Wireless Technology

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REMOTE CONTROL There are many types of wireless technology remote controllers The remote control sends a different flashing light message, like Morse code, for each job you want done. Some controllers are more sophisticated than others and usually require the thing they are controlling to acknowledge that it has correctly received the command… and acted on it!

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ITEM TRACKING You can now track items easily, accurately and cheaply by attaching wireless Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) tags to them. . Each tag has a unique number and allows you to track...RFID tags minimize the risk of getting items mixed up

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NAVIGATION AND LOCATION The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that provides location and time information GPS was originally intended for military applications, but in the 1980s, the government made the system available for civilian use.

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WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER Wireless transmission is useful in cases where interconnecting wires are inconvenient, hazardous, or impossible. The use of wireless energy transfer has tended to remain with applications that required only very short distances between the transmitter and the receiver.

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REMOTE MEASUREMENT Electricity meter

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REMOTE MONITORING Monitoring patients heartbeat , blood pressure, air temperature, security , building for signs of fire etc .

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RISK MANAGEMENT Monitoring river water level, sea level, signs of firefighters in a burning building , toxic substance in waterways, bridges for overloading

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CONCLUSION: Use of Wireless technology is rapidly increasing an playing an important role in life of people throught the world very large number of people are replying on the technology directly or indirectly.

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THANK YOU