PPT on village study

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Slide 1:

TO VILLAGE STUDY WELCOME

QUOTAS FOR WOMEN IN UNION PARISHAD (UP): DOES THIS REALLY EMPOWER WOMEN AT THIS LEVEL? :

QUOTAS FOR WOMEN IN UNION PARISHAD (UP): DOES THIS REALLY EMPOWER WOMEN AT THIS LEVEL? Paper Presentation on

Prepared by Group-8:

Prepared by Group-8 Dr. Mst. Shamima Sultana Dr. Md. Mahfuj-Ul-Anwar Dr. Md. Mahbubur Rahman Dr. Roksana Begum Dr. A. D. M. Golam Mostafa

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GROUP- 8

Supervisor :

Supervisor Tariq Ahmed Director,RDA,Bogra.

Presented by::

Presented by: Dr. A.D.M. Golam Mostafa

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Acknowledgement Peoples of Majhira & Aria Bazar UP of Shajahanpur Thana of Bogra District. Tariq Ahmed, Director, RDA. Dr. Mohammad Munsur Rahman, Deputy Director, RDA. At first The Almighty ALLAH. Course Authority.

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Introduction

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Back Ground: Union Parishad occupies a dominant place in the overall local Govt. infra-structure in Bangladesh. The first local Govt. institution was established in Bangladesh in 1870 under the Village Chowkidary Act. A local Govt. institution was first established at the union level under Bengal Self Govt. Act of 1885 and was named Union Committee.

Introduction contd.:

Introduction contd. The provision for inclusion of women members at the Union Parishad was first created under the local Govt. Ordinance of 1976. Two women members were to be nominated by the Govt. of UP under this Ordinance.

Introduction contd.:

Introduction contd. The mandatory reservation of seats for women in the UP as enshrined in the local Govt. Act of 1997, provides an opportunity for rural women to formally involve themselves in the over all development efforts undertaken at the grassroots level.

Introduction contd.:

Introduction contd. The study attempts to identify & determine the degree & nature of participation of the women members elected in the reserved seats, in the management and functions of the UPs.

OBJECTIVES :

OBJECTIVES The broad objective of the study was to examine and discuss whether the quotas for women in UP really empowered them at this level?

Objective cont. :

Objective cont. The specific objectives were to observe and analyse: The participation of the women members in developmental activities of UP; The involvement of women members in regulatory function

Objective cont. :

Objective cont. To realise and examine the relationship between the Chairman, other UP members & villagers with them. To identify the obstacles during their activities in UP. To gather experience and views of women members and relevant persons.

Methodology:

Methodology Location and respondents of the study: The study was conducted in Majhira and Aria Bazar UPs under Shajahanpur thana of Bogra district.

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Area of study

Methodology contd.:

Methodology contd. Respondents of the study: 3 women members of reserved seats, 1 Chairman, 1 secretary, 9 general members of each UP (Total 28 in number)and total 26 villagers from the 2 UPs. The grant total is 28+26=54.

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Individual Interview

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Individual Interview

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Individual Interview

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Individual Interview

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Individual Interview

Methodology cont. :

Methodology cont. Instruments of data collection: Two sets of structured questionnaires were used for collecting data from: women members of both Ups chairman and male members of both Ups & villagers

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In addition, separate sets of guideline/ checklists were used for focus group discussions. Method of Data Collection : Prepared questionnaires were administered by 5 participants of 36th special foundation training course of BCS (Health) cadre under direct supervision of supervisor from RDA. Methodology cont.

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The information and observation generated through case-studies were documented. A guideline was used in focus group discussion with 5 members. All of them are teachers of different school and madrasa of Majhira UP. Intimate and in-depth discussions were made with them using a checklist . Methodology cont.

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Focus group Discussion Place: Majhira UP Date & Time: 19/03/2011 at 10AM Sample Size: Five Teachers Responsibilities of women Member: Prevention of child & women repression. Prevention of early marriage & enrollment Of marriage registration. Distribution of VGD & VGF cards. Supervision of social & development works.

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Focus Group Discussion

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Focus group Discussion cont. Distribution of old age & widow allowance cards. Acts as an advisor to the concerned ward’s law & order regulation committee & disaster management committee. Supervision of construction & repair of Physical infrastructure. ADP & Food For Works project supervision. Distribution of test relief.

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Focus group Discussion cont. Obstacles faced by women members: Illiteracy & lack of ability to communicate with the local population. Not given due importance & co-operation by male colleagues. Social barrier for being a woman. Insecurity specially during night. Problems from political sub-groups. Partiality in allocation.

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Focus group Discussion cont. Suggested Solutions For The Problems Of Women Members: Expansion of development/education facilities for the women. Ensure security for the women members. Provide equitable opportunity for the women members participation. Overall development of awareness of the society as well as the family members. Categorical distribution of functions for the women members.

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Focus group Discussion cont. Solution should come from village community,family members, Chairmen & other UP members. Contribution Of Focus Group Target Population: Verbal suggestion to the women members Motivation of the local people who create obstacle during project implementation by women members.

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RESULTS

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Age (years) Woman members UP chairmen and members Villegers Total No No % No % No % No % upto 18 yrs 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 19-25 yrs 0 0 0 0 1 3.6 1 1.9 26-35 yrs 3 50 0 0 4 14.3 7 13.0 36-45 yrs 3 50 9 45 9 32.1 21 38.9 46-55 yrs 0 0 9 45 5 17.9 14 25.9 56-65 yrs 0 0 2 10 8 28.6 10 18.5 66 yrs+ 0 0 0 0 1 3.6 1 1.9 Total 6 100 20 100 28 100.0 54 100.0 Table 1: Distribution of Age of the Respondents

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Level of Education Woman members UP chairmen and members Villegers Total No No % No % No % No % Illiterate 0 0 0 0 3 10.7 3 5.6 Can sign only 3 50 0 0 1 3.6 4 7.4 I-V class 0 0 3 15 2 7.1 5 9.3 VI-X class 1 16.7 3 15 4 14.3 8 14.8 S.S.C 2 33.3 6 30 6 21.4 14 25.9 H.S.C 0 0 4 20 4 14.3 8 14.8 Graduate 0 0 3 15 4 14.3 7 13.0 Masters 0 0 1 5 4 14.3 5 9.3 Total 6 100 20 100 28 100.0 54 100.0 Table 2: Educational Qualification

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Type of occupation Woman members UP Members & Chairman Villegers Total No % No % No % No % Non-Govt. Job 0 0 1 5 2 7.14 3 5.56 Govt. Job 0 0 3 15 4 14.29 7 12.96 Agriculture 1 16.67 8 40 14 50 23 42.59 Business 0 0 7 35 6 21.43 13 24.07 Laborers 0 0 0 0 1 3.57 1 1.85 House wife 5 83.33 0 0 1 3.57 6 11.11 Others 0 0 1 5 0 0 1 1.85 Total 6 100 20 100 28 100 54 100 Table 3: Major occupation of the respondents

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Type of occupation Women member UP Members& Chairman Villegers Total No % No % No % No % Agriculture 0 0 9 45 8 28.57 17 31.48 Business 0 0 5 25 3 10.71 8 14.81 Farm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other Occupation 2 33.33 0 0 0 0 2 3.7 No Occupation 4 66.66 2 10 14 50 20 37.03 Mixed Occupation 0 0 4 20 3 10.71 7 12.96 Total 6 100 20 100 28 100 54 100 Table 4: Others occupations of the respondents respondents gave more than 1 answer

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Types of training Woman members UP chairmen and members Villegers Prevention of early marriage 100 50 7.2 Training on law and order 0 45 16 Sanitation 84.1 90 10.71 Disaster management 0 10 0 Village trail 16.66 35 0 Family planning 50 65 24 Poverty elevation 33.33 45 35.71 Women and child 84.44 70 3.57 Others 48.7 57.7 25.8 No training 26 11 35 Table 5: Training of 03 or more days among the respondents (percentage) respondents gave more than 1 answer

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Direct involvement Woman members UP chairmen and members Villegers Yes 37 85 44 No 63 15 54 Total 100 100 100 Table 6: Direct political involvement status (percentage)

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Previous experience Woman members UP chairmen and members Villegers Yes 00 25 07 No 100 75 93 Total 100 100 100 Table 7: Previous experience in local government institutions (percentage)

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Types of institute Woman members UP chairmen and members Villegers Business institute 48 55 16 Social organizations 32 95 32 Educational institutes 16 57 15 Others 48 25 10 No involvement 16 11 28 Table 8: Involvement in different organizations/institutions (percentage) respondents gave more than 1 answer

Table 9: Category of work done by the members financed by UP in last 5 years (percentage) :

Table 9: Category of work done by the members financed by UP in last 5 years (percentage) Category of work Number of respondent Percentage Infrastructure development 6 100 Sanitation 4 66.67 Distribution of allowance 5 83.33 Public awareness 3 50 Others 6 100 respondents gave more than 1 answer

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Category of work Number of womanmembers Percentage Financial help 1 16.7 Legal assistance 2 33.3 Treatment assistance 1 16.7 Social development 2 33.33 Others 1 16.7 Table 10.Category of work done by the members with personal initiative in last 5 years (percentage) respondents gave more than 1 answer

Table 11: Relationship with the chairman and members and villergers (percentage) :

Table 11: Relationship with the chairman and members and villergers (percentage) Type UP chairmen and members Villegers Excillent 45 55 Good 35 35 Not satisfactory 20 15

Table 12: Problems mentioned by the woman members (percentage):

Table 12: Problems mentioned by the woman members (percentage) Problems woman members Not given due importance and cooperation by male colleagues 78 Social barrier for being a woman 69 Insecurity espacially during night 75 Problems from political subgroups 43 Partiality in allocation 83 Others 54 No problems 00 respondents gave more than 1 answer

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Problems UP chairmen and members Villegers Inadequate formal education 55 75 Lack of knowledge/experience on the function of UP 45 46.4 Not given due importance and cooperation by male colleagues 20 53.6 Social barrier for being a woman 25 32.1 Insecurity especially during night 35 28.6 Problems from political subgroups 10 50.0 Others 10 25.0 No problems 25 10.7 Table 13: Problems of the woman members as views by UP chairmen and other members and villagers (percentage) respondents gave more than 1 answer

Table 14: Suggested solutions for the noted problems (percentage):

Table 14: Suggested solutions for the noted problems (percentage) Problems UP chairmen and members Villegers Expansion of education facilities for women members 85 100 Imparting training of functions of UP 76 50 Equitable opportunity for their participation in UP activities 39 83.3 Ensuring security 49 78 Increase of honorarium 30 66.7 respondents gave more than 1 answer

Table 15: Female UP members get assistance from whom. :

Table 15: Female UP members get assistance from whom. Source of assistance Number of Respondents Percentage Chairman 6 100% General member 2 33.33 UNO/ officer of upazilla level 0 MP 0 20% Villagers 3 50 Others 6 100% Female UP members got 100% assistance from chairman and husband. They did not get 100% assistance from general members or villagers.

Limitations:

Limitations Time was very limited . Sample size was small. In depth study was not possible.

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Conclusion and Recommendations: Women members (reserved seats) are Less educated than the other members of the UP, less involved in income generation. Less directly involved in politics and less trained up. They have no previous working experience in Local Government institution and other organizations than the other members.

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Conclusion and Recommendations: From this study we observed that the process of empowerment of women members is just in budding stage. Now they are doing some activities within many problems and limitations.

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Conclusion and Recommendations: So our recommendations is to: Encourage the educated women to participate in UP election. Strengthened the female education. Ensure security; Provide equity in decision making and fund allocation. Overall awareness of the communinty.

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THANK YOU

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