Information Processing:An Adult Learning Theory : Information Processing:An Adult Learning Theory Sue Finch Brown RN, MSN, A-CCC, CCP, CMCN
Walden University Information Processing : Information Processing Pre-Test
Short Term Memory
Long Term Memory
Organization of Knowledge
Activity Evaluation Pre-Test : Pre-Test 1. The brain continually:
a. Supports lifelong knowledge
b. Needs past experience to have new knowledge
c. Takes a long time to process information
d. Needs testing
a. s only working memory and chunking.
b. Is made up of sensory memory, short term memory, long term memory, and concept formation.
c. Is made up of short term memory and long-term memory.
d. Is made up of sensory memory and long-term memory.
3. Long-term memory is helped by:
a. Short term memory.
b. Episodic memory.
c. Imaging, locations, pegwords, and rhyming
d. Organization of knowledge.
4. Organization of knowledge memory is made up of:
a. Advance organizer, guided discovery, episodic memory
b. Acquiring, sequencing, processing, storage, and categorization.
c. Working memory and chunking.
d. Declarative memory, procedural memory, and imagery.
5. Concept formation:
a. Only long term and short term memory.
b. Is only for children.
c. Includes advance organizer, guided discovery, and other principles.
d. Is not part of information processing. The Brain : The Brain The brain continually
Supports life-long knowledge and skill acquisition with almost zero down time?
Deals with scale, complexity, and uncertainty
Performs an impressive array of tasks with remarkable speed Slide 5: Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968). Sensory Memory : Sensory Memory Interesting Feature
Known Pattern Short Term Memory : Short Term Memory Working Memory
Chunking Long Term Memory : Long Term Memory Imaging
Method of Loci(locations)
Rhyming Organization (types) of Knowledge : Organization (types) of Knowledge Declarative Memory
- Semantic Memory
- Episodic Memory
Imagery Functional Characteristics of Episodic Memory : Functional Characteristics of Episodic Memory rapid, one-shot acquisition (often < 1 second)
high capacity (~ 50,000 episodes )
responsiveness to partial cues (pattern completion)
high specificity (pattern separation)
response to a matching cue clearly distinct from response to a near miss
but support reminding
robust against mild cell loss Shastri, L. (n.d.). Cognitive information processing: Take a cue from the brain. Concept Formation : Concept Formation Advance Organizer
Principles and Examples : Questions : Questions References : References Craik, F., & Lockhart, R. (1972). Levels of processing: A framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Thinking and Verbal Behavior, 11, 671-684.
Huitt, W. (2003). The information processing approach to cognition. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved from, http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/cogsys/infoproc.html
Shastri, L. (n.d.). Cognitive information processing: Take a cue from the brain. Retrieved from http://www.unm.edu/ cognitive_systems/ presentations/ shastri%20SantaF... 757k