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75% of High School Students report having tried alcohol at least once. 28% reported having an alcoholic beverage in the last month Male students more likely than female students to report episodic heavy drinking

What is Alcohol? :

What is Alcohol? Depressant Contains intoxicating substance called ethyl alcohol or ethanol Slows down the functions of the brain and other parts of the nervous system

What is Alcohol?:

What is Alcohol? Produced by a fermentation process Proof is the amount of alcohol in the substance (ex. 100 proof bottle of vodka is 50% alcohol) 12 oz. Beer = 4 oz. Wine = 1 oz. liquor

Effects of Alcohol:

Effects of Alcohol Heart/Blood Vessels Short term Perspiration increases and skin becomes flushed Long Term High blood pressure and damage to the heart muscle; blood vessels harden and become less flexible

More Effects:

More Effects Brain/Nervous System Short Term Speech is slurred and difficulty walking Long Term Brain cells are destroyed and unable to be replaced; damage to nerves in body resulting in numbness in hands and feet

…The Rest of Alcohol Effects:

…The Rest of Alcohol Effects Liver Short Term Liver changes alcohol into water and carbon dioxide Long Term Liver is damaged possibly resulting in cirrhosis (scarring and destruction of the liver)


Liver Can only oxidize about 1 serving of alcohol an hour NO WAY to speed up this process Until liver has had time to oxidize all of the alcohol ingested, it keeps circulating through the bloodstream

Liver Damage:

Liver Damage FATTY LIVER alcohol interferes with body’s ability to break down fats. Excess fat blocks flow in liver resulting in reduced oxygen and cell death can be REVERSED when drinking stops

Liver Damage:

Liver Damage CIRRHOSIS scarring of the liver no blood flow in scarred area liver cannot function symptoms: high blood pressure, abdominal swelling, jaundice IRREVERSIBLE

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Healthy Liver Alcoholic Liver

…The Rest of Alcohol Effects:

…The Rest of Alcohol Effects Stomach/Pancreas Short Term Stomach acids increase, which often results in nausea and vomiting Long Term Irritation occurs in the stomach lining, causing open sores called ulcers; pancreas becomes inflamed

Binge Drinking:

Binge Drinking 5 or more drinks in a sitting for men 4 or more drinks in a sitting for women May lead to Alcohol Poisoning May lead to unplanned unprotected sex May lead to drug use Many high school/college students die from alcohol poisoning from binge drinking on the weekends.

Dangers of Binge Drinking:

Dangers of Binge Drinking Unintentional injuries (e.g. car crash, falls, burns, drowning). Intentional injuries (e.g. firearm injuries, sexual assault, domestic violence). Alcohol poisoning. STD’s and/or Unintended pregnancy. High blood pressure, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases. Liver Disease

Factors affecting the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood:

Factors affecting the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood Gender Metabolism Amount of Alcohol (not # of drinks) How much they weigh How much time elapses after or between drinks

Drinking and Driving:

Drinking and Driving Drinking alcohol impairs vision, reaction time, and coordination. DWI and DUI –leading cause of death among teens Signs of intoxication can begin to appear as low as 0.02 There is no acceptable BAC level for anyone under 21

SAFEST AMOUNT OF DRINKS = 0!!! This is at any age!!!!:

SAFEST AMOUNT OF DRINKS = 0!!! This is at any age!!!!

Consequences of teen DUI:

Consequences of teen DUI Harm to the driver and others Severely restricted driving privileges Alcohol related injuries, property damage, and death Living with remorse

Blood Alcohol Concentration:

Blood Alcohol Concentration Amount of alcohol in a person’s bloodstream legal limit for IL is .08% for people 21 years old and older legal limit for IL is zero for people under 21

Alcohol Poisoning:

Alcohol Poisoning Dangerous to just “sleep it off” Signs Mental confusion, stupor, coma, inability to be excited, vomiting, and seizures Slow Respiration *Hypothermia *Dehydration *Irregular heartbeat

What are some things that people do to ‘sober up’?:

What are some things that people do to ‘sober up’?




Alcoholism A disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol. Characterized as an impaired ability to study, work, or socialize normally.

The 3 Stages of Alcoholism:

The 3 Stages of Alcoholism Early Stage (Stage 1) to relax, relieve stress leads to necessity to manage stress begins to become intoxicated regularly makes excuses and tries to rationalize drinking behavior

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Middle Stage (Stage 2) drinker denies or tries to hide problem body develops tolerance frequently absent from school or work drinking is central event in a persons life drinks when alone drinks first thing in the morning drinks daily

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Final Stage (Stage 3) person becomes aggressive & isolated malnutrition occurs because drinker consumes alcohol and does not worry about food body is addicted try to quit=WITHDRAWAL Delirium Tremens-hot/cold flashes, tremors, nightmares, hallucinations, fear of people and animals *****NO CURE---ONLY RECOVERY*****

Effects on Family and Society:

Effects on Family and Society 40% of violent crimes annually are alcohol related ½ of all homicide victims have alcohol in their bloodstream


Treatment Cannot be cured Can be treated Counseling Medication

Where to go for help:

Where to go for help Alcoholics Anonymous National Association for children of alcoholics National drug and treatment referral routing service.

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