Cleft Lip and Palate: Cleft Lip and Palate By: Megan Farney Intro: Intro This slide show is going to inform you about what a cleft lip or palate is along with treatments, causes, symptoms, risk factors, and more (picture is cleft palate) Definition : Definition A cleft lip or palate is an abnormal separation in the oral-facial region that happens because tissue of the mouth or lip does not form correctly in fetal development. Causes : Causes Other birth defects may cause cleft lip or palate Mutated Inherited Genes (gene=top, mutation=bottom) Teratogens (viruses or other toxins that cause abnormalities in the fetus) Symptoms: Symptoms Separation of the lip (picture) Separation of the palate (roof of the mouth) Nasal distortion Recurring ear infections Symptoms (cont.): Symptoms (cont.) Failure to gain weight Nasal regurgitation when bottle feeding Poor speech Misaligned teeth Growth retardation (picture) Risk Factors: Risk Factors Ear infections top picture (right=normal, left=infected) Hearing loss Dental cavities Displaced teeth (bottom picture) Risk Factors (cont.): Risk Factors (cont.) Poor speech Lip deformities Nasal deformities (cleft lip effect, right) Treatment: Treatment Treatment involves many things which include plastic surgery, orthodontics, and speech therapy (picture is least severe cleft lip) First Stage-treatment: First Stage-treatment The first part of the process is surgery. Surgery is done when a child is at 3 to 9 months of age. Unless there is extensive nasal damage, no more than one surgery is needed. (before and after picture) Second Stage-therapy: Second Stage-therapy The next stage is therapy. Because of surgery being done so early hopefully speech will form correctly but because the child has to adapt, therapy is advised. Final Stage-orthodontics : Final Stage-orthodontics The final stage of treatment is orthodontics. If as the child gets older teeth are not straight you should see an orthodontist for treatment (braces). Works Cited : Works Cited March 26, 2006. Northeast Medical Center. Retrieved on Nov. 7, 2006. <http://www.northeastmedical.org/hospital_depts/rehab/images/speech_therapy.jpg>. Works Cited: Works Cited Oct. 4, 2006. Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved on Nov. 6, 2006. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001051.htm>. Jan. 1, 2006. Cleft Lip and Palate. Retrieved on Nov. 6, 2006. < http://www.plasticsurgery.org/public_education/procedures/CleftLipPalate.cfm>.