Cleft Lip and Palate

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Cleft Lip and Palate:

Cleft Lip and Palate By: Megan Farney

Intro:

Intro This slide show is going to inform you about what a cleft lip or palate is along with treatments, causes, symptoms, risk factors, and more (picture is cleft palate)

Definition :

Definition A cleft lip or palate is an abnormal separation in the oral-facial region that happens because tissue of the mouth or lip does not form correctly in fetal development.

Causes :

Causes Other birth defects may cause cleft lip or palate Mutated Inherited Genes (gene=top, mutation=bottom) Teratogens (viruses or other toxins that cause abnormalities in the fetus)

Symptoms:

Symptoms Separation of the lip (picture) Separation of the palate (roof of the mouth) Nasal distortion Recurring ear infections

Symptoms (cont.):

Symptoms (cont.) Failure to gain weight Nasal regurgitation when bottle feeding Poor speech Misaligned teeth Growth retardation (picture)

Risk Factors:

Risk Factors Ear infections top picture (right=normal, left=infected) Hearing loss Dental cavities Displaced teeth (bottom picture)

Risk Factors (cont.):

Risk Factors (cont.) Poor speech Lip deformities Nasal deformities (cleft lip effect, right)

Treatment:

Treatment Treatment involves many things which include plastic surgery, orthodontics, and speech therapy (picture is least severe cleft lip)

First Stage-treatment:

First Stage-treatment The first part of the process is surgery. Surgery is done when a child is at 3 to 9 months of age. Unless there is extensive nasal damage, no more than one surgery is needed. (before and after picture)

Second Stage-therapy:

Second Stage-therapy The next stage is therapy. Because of surgery being done so early hopefully speech will form correctly but because the child has to adapt, therapy is advised.

Final Stage-orthodontics :

Final Stage-orthodontics The final stage of treatment is orthodontics. If as the child gets older teeth are not straight you should see an orthodontist for treatment (braces).

Works Cited :

Works Cited March 26, 2006. Northeast Medical Center. Retrieved on Nov. 7, 2006. <http://www.northeastmedical.org/hospital_depts/rehab/images/speech_therapy.jpg>.

Works Cited:

Works Cited Oct. 4, 2006. Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved on Nov. 6, 2006. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001051.htm>. Jan. 1, 2006. Cleft Lip and Palate. Retrieved on Nov. 6, 2006. < http://www.plasticsurgery.org/public_education/procedures/CleftLipPalate.cfm>.