4.2 Approaches to Educational Planning : 4.2 Approaches to Educational Planning Prof.S.G.Isave,
Tilak College of Education,
Pune-30 Approaches : Approaches Intra-educational extrapolation model.
Demographic projection model.
Manpower or human resource development approach or model.
Social demand approach or model.
Rate of return approach or model.
Social justice approach or model 1.Intra-educational Extrapolation model. : 1.Intra-educational Extrapolation model. Planning based on data available.
Concentration on one aspect / program.
Size of target, time, money.
Govt. schemes, organization of workshop 2.Demographic Projection Model : 2.Demographic Projection Model Demographic development has become a source of planning.
Estimating the population that future educational system is to serve.
Useful to take decision on new school/college permission. 3.School mapping. : 3.School mapping. Micro planning.
Geographical location of school is considered.
From national frame to regional and local conditions and constraints 4.Manpower or Human Resource Development Approach or Model : 4.Manpower or Human Resource Development Approach or Model Planning should consider of human resource in all fields required for country.
Education planning should be skill based, expected man power.
Based on demand supply principle.
Need based . 5.Social Demand approach or model. : 5.Social Demand approach or model. Educational planning should be given according to the demand from society.
It should be able to fulfill to need of all level education .
It focuses on quantitative planning. 6.Rate of Return approach or Model : 6.Rate of Return approach or Model Economics approach
Cost – effectiveness/ cost-benefits
More benefits – more investment.
Education as an investment.
Measurement is difficult.
Ignoring personal satisfaction, social development. 7.Social Justice Approach or Model : 7.Social Justice Approach or Model Planning for social development.
Education for Deprived groups of society like dalits, women, minority.
Equal opportunity . All approaches are related with each other.In a single plan there will be degree of all approaches. : All approaches are related with each other.In a single plan there will be degree of all approaches. MORE APPROACHES : MORE APPROACHES 1. Pattern oriented approaches.– Following the successful pattern of education implemented elsewhere.
2. Need based (Educationists) approaches.
International , national , social , personal needs.
3. Resource based approach (Economists)
Correlation of human and financial resources. DURATION BASED APPROACHES : DURATION BASED APPROACHES Short term planning
Long term planning THANKS ! : THANKS !