NAMASMARAN_AND_SUPERLIVING

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Oh God! Please connect me with you while I am busy in my duty as a minister, doctor, scientist, teacher, corporate boss, merchant etc; and please inspire me for my accurate duty as a policy maker, planner, administrator, law maker; leader etc; while I am in connection with you through NAMASMARAN, which embodies conquest of inner and outer evils.

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K UL A D AI V A T A L A X M I N ARA Y A N W A L A V A L D I S T . S I NDHUDU R G M A H A R A SH T R A I N D I A M Y P ARE NT S DR. J A N A R DAN N A R A Y AN A N D S OU. R U K M IN I J A N A R DAN K A S HAL I K AR

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S A DG U RU S HRI B R A H M AC H AITA N YA M A HAR A J G O N D AVA L EKAR, G O N D AVA L E , D I S T. S A T ARA, M A H ARA S H T RA S TA T E , I N D IA.

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G URUR B RA H M A G URURVI SH N U G URURD E V O M A HESH VARA : G URU H S A KSH A T P ARA B RA H M A T A S M AI SH R I G U RAV E NA M A : I s al u te m y Gu r u, w ho i s B r a h ma , V i s h n u a nd Ma h e s h c a ll e d Gu n a m a y a i . e . the p enu l t i m a te tru t h; a nd the P a r a b r a h m a ; i . e . the u l t i m a te tru t h. NA M A S MARAN (R e m e m b er i n g God ’ s o r Gu r u ’ s n a m e ca ll e d; J A P , JAA P , J I K RA, S U M I R AN, S I MARAN e t c ) AN D S U P ER L I V I NG ( H o l i s t i c h e a l t h , H o lis ti c r e n a i ss a n c e , T o t a l S t re s s M a n a g e m e n t e t c) D r . Sh r i n i w as J a n a r d an Ka s h ali k ar M BBS ( P O O NA), M D (BO M ), F I CG (B O M ), F F F B MS ( U S A ), D S c ( O I UC M - C O L O M B O ) Pr o f e ss o r a n d H e ad D e p a r t m e n t o f P hy si o lo g y H i n d I n sti t u t e o f M e d i c a l Sc i e n c es S A F E DA B A D ( U P); I ND IA PIN 22 5 00 3 F i r s t E d i t io n : 2 7 th D ece m ber 10 1 3

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C O N T E N T S P R E F AC E W H A T I S N A M AS M ARAN? I n t r o duc t i o n t o N A M A S M AR A N, NA M A S M A R A N : T he H e a ling a nd B l o s s o m ing Ambr o s i a , N A M ASA N K A L P , T h r ee p o in t s i n NA M A S M A R A N , N A M A S M AR A N a nd a qu e s t i o n, New i n s i g h t s in NA M A S M A R A N , Und er s t a nding NA M A S M A R A N , Und er s t a nding m o re a b o u t N A M AS M ARA N , NA M A S M A RAN a n d self de v el o p m e n t , Sc o pe o f N A M A S M A RAN, D o ub t s a b o ut NA M A S M A R A N , G l i m p s e s o f G o n d ava l e , O b s t a cl e s in NA M A S M A R A N , G o nd ava l e k a r M a h a r aj , N A M A S M A RAN V S NA M A V I S M AR AN NA M A S M A R AN AND F A M I L Y L I F E F a m ily li f e, Re a r i ng childre n , K in d ness NA M A S M A R AN AND E C O N O M Y G oa l, Sel e c t i o n o f c a reer, O ccup a t i o n, Spir i t u a lism, m a t e ri a lism a nd N a m a s m a r a n, Sp i ri t u a l I n f r a s t ruc t ure, E m pl oy e e s , G l o b a l rec e s s i o n, C h a ri t y , B l a c k m o ne y , E a rning m o ney NA M A S M A R AN AND HE A LT H H e a l t h, P a t ie n t , D o c t o r ’ s dil e m m a , Add i c t i o n s , M ed ic a l Pr o f es s i o n, H o lis t ic P r e s cr i p t i o n, H e a ling he a l t h c a re, h o lis t ic medicine NA M A S M A R AN AND S T R E SS I n s ec u ri t y , F e a r, Sl av er y , I n e r t i a , As s e r t i o n, T o t a l S t r e ss M a n ag e m e nt a nd s o c a ll e d M ed i t a t i o n, ch a ri t y a nd S WA D H A R M A , B e yo nd; a ll s t r e s s , Y og a a nd s t r e s s , S t r e ss i n e m pl o y ees a nd e m pl oy e r s 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 .

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7 . NA M A S M A R AN AND P OL I T ICS H o lis t ic unde r s t a nding o f c o rrup t i o n, P o licy M a k i n g , L e a d er s hip a nd d e m o cr a c y , I m p e ri a lism, M a h a t m a G a ndhi, U n e m pl o y m e n t , E le c t i o n s a nd De m o cr a c y , Re vo lu t i o n s , Accid e n t s , NA M A S M A R AN AND E DU CA T I O N H o lis t ic educ a t i o n , E duc a t i o n , Su p ers t i t i o n NA M A S M A R AN AND L AW L a w , L a w y er s , C a pi t a l P un i s h m en t 8 . 9 . 10 . NA M A S M A R AN AND M I SC ELL E N E O US I SS U E S Sp o r t s, S c ienc e , H y pn o t i s m , P o e t r y , I d e o l ogy , A t he i s m , V i r t ue, H a t h ayoga , M ir a cles, V i o le n ce, F a i t h , Ri t u a l s , De a t h , E x p erien c e, B e a u t y , H i s D e s i r e, 11 . N A M A S M AR A N A N D S O C I ET Y T o t a l s t r e ss m a n ag e m e n t , Deli g ht o f uni t y , G l o b a li z at i o n, M aa n G a n ga , S o lil o quy o f a m edia pe r s o n , M ay a , Siddh i , S t ress a nd T ec h n o l og y , C a s t e s y s te m , Ja p, j aa p, j i kr a , s u m ir a n, s i m a r a n e t c. 12 . N A M A S M ARAN AND T R A DI T I O NS H y m n s , S crip t u r e s , An i m a l s a cri f i c e, G o d, s t r e s s , dh a r m a a nd a dh a r m a , G ur u t a t va , L i n ga p oo j a , m y s t ery o f pr a d o s h a , B h a k t i , B h ava s aga r , Di v ine w i s d o m , G u r u k r up a , K und a lini a nd V i s h v a k und a lin i , P r a p a nch a nd p a r a m a r t h , T he G r e a t est S e r v ice, S i n, s t re s s a nd s hr a d d h a , V a lue c r i s is, S t r e ss dh a r m a a nd c o s m ic d y n a m i c s , T e m p l e s , Dh a r m a , T u k a r a m Ch a i t a n y a , P r a r a bdh a , Y a j na a nd s a cri f ice, B el i e f , s k e p t ic i sm a nd im m o r t a li t y , P h y s i o l og ic a l i m p o r t a nce o f R u dra S oo k t a , K ul a de va t a , Chi t r a hu t i, H o r o s c o p e , F e a st a nd P r a s a d , H e a l t h, d ei t i e s , r i t u a ls e t c , A mru t a nubh ava , Dh a nu r m a s a nd c o s m ic p h y s i o l og y , K u m b ha

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13 . NA M A S M A R AN A ND S T UDY O F G I T A P R E F AC E I n t r u e s e n s e, n eit h er t h i s w o r k no r a n y o t h er can b e cla i m e d a s “ m y w o r k ”. I t i s t h e G U R U K R U P A all a l ong ! T h is w o r k i s bo r n ou t o f t h e i n s e p a ra b le un ity o f N A M A, NAM A SM A R AN a n d SUP E R L I V IN G ( T o tal St r ess m a n a g e m e n t, ho li s tic r e n ais s a n c e, ho li s tic h ealth o r i nd i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al b l o ss o m i ng ). T h i s is a n al ogou s to S u n , H i s r a y s a n d H i s li gh t! He n ce i t i n cl ud es m y und e r s ta nd i n g a bou t NAMA, N A MA S M A R A N a n d as s o ciated ph e n o m e n a in p e r s p ecti v e, t h i nk i ng , e m o ti o n s , i n s ti n c t s a n d acti on s ; at i nd i v i d u al a n d s o cial le v e l s. F o r t h e s a m e r e as on ; it i n cl ud es m y st ud y o f Geet a . T h e title s i gn i f i e s t h is s a m e un it y ! Si n ce t h is w r iti n g h as ta k en p lace ov er a p e r i o d o f s e v e r al y ea r s, a n d s i n ce t h e t h e m e i s t h e s a m e; t h e r e p et i ti o n c ou ld no t b e a vo i d e d . B u t I gu e s s it w ou ld no t c o m e in t h e w a y o f r ea d e r s g etti n g i nvo l v ed in t h e b e n e vo le n ce o f N AMA a n d N A M A SM A R A N.

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T h e w o r k e m bod ies at b e s t; a m e r e h a zy v i s i on , g r o ss l y i n a d e qu ate und e r s ta nd i n g a n d v e r y lit t le i f a n y ; e xp e r ie n ce, w h en v i ewed o n t h e b ac kg r ou n d o f t h e a b s o l u te t r u t h , t h e ete r n al b l i ss f u l r ea l ity GU R U. B u t w h at on e can l oo k f o r in t h i s w o r k ; i s t h e e f f o r t to r e e s ta b li s h t h e a l r ea d y e x i s ti n g un ity o f r e a s o n a n d f ait h , a r t a n d s cie n c e , s p i r i t u ali s m a n d m a t e r ial i s m , c on c e p ts a n d p r act i ce; a n d i nd i v i d u al we l f a r e a n d un i v e r s al we l f a r e. O n e can l oo k f o r ; at le a s t a s k etc h y h i n t o f S A T P R E R A NA, SA T S A NG, SA D V I C H A R , S A D I C C H AA, SA D B HA VAN A , SADV A SAN A , S A T P R A V R U T TI , SA T S A NK A L PA a n d SA T K A R YA O R SAD A C HA R . I n a n y ca s e, t h e w i s d o m in t h i s w o r k , i f a n y , b el ong s to G U R U a n d d r aw b ac k s a n d d e f icie n cies b el on g to m e . I h u m b ly ac kno wle dg e with d eep se n s e o f g r atit ud e, t h e l ov e, f o r g i v e n e ss a n d s o lace I r e c ei v ed f r o m t o w a r d s m y p a r e n t s , m y in l aw s , m y f a m i l y , m y wi f e D r . Vi bh a, d a ugh te r s Ur j ita a n d M uk ta; s on s in law S a m a r th a n d Salil; a n d m y fr ie nd s, c o llea gu e s , s t ud e n ts, p atie n ts, a n d r ea d e r s . I f ond ly a c kno wle dg e t h e e f f o r t s o f f i r s t pub li s h er o f N AMA S M A R A N D r . P u s hk ar S h i k a r kh a n e; a n d t h e e f f o r ts o f D r . S uh a s M h et r e a n d U n ited P r i n te r s i n v o l v ed in b r i ng i n g ou t t h is book . Fi n ally I w ou ld li k e to t h a nk f u l l y ac k no wle dg e t h e e n c ou r a g e m e n t b y D r . M . D. Tr i p at h i, p r i n ci p al, t h e e nd e a r i n g a pp r eciati o n b y D r . R ic h a M i s h r a, c h ai r p e r s o n ; a n d D r . S ac h a n , c h ai r m an H I MS; a n d in f a ct; t h e w ho le H I M S f a m i l y . I t m u s t b e m a d e c l ear t h at I a m g r at e f u lly aw a r e alt hou g h un a b le to m e n ti o n t h e n a m e s o f all t h o s e i nvo l v ed in m y g r o wth a n d d e v el o p m e n t.

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I n ta ng i b le te r m s; t h is m a y b e c on si d e r ed a h u m b le o ff e r i n g at t h e l o t u s f eet o f m y Ku la d e v ata S h r i L a x m i N a r a y an a n d m y S a dgu r u S h r i B r a h m ac h aita n y a G ond a v ale k ar M a h a r aj, w h o s e SHA T ASA N VA T SA R I K PUN Y A TI T HI M A HO T SA V A i s s c h e du led fr o m 18 t h to 27 t h D ec e m b e r 2013 . S h r i n iwas J a n a r d a n Ka s h ali k a r

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W H A T I S N A M AS M ARAN? I n t r o duc t i o n t o N A M A S M AR A N, NA M A S M A R A N : T he H e a ling a nd B l o s s o m ing Ambr o s i a , N A M ASA N K A L P A, T hree p o in t s in NA M A S M A R A N , N A M A S M AR A N a nd a qu e s t i o n, New i n s i g h t s in NA M A S M A R A N , Und er s t a nding NA M A S M A R A N , Und er s t a nding m o re a b o u t N A M AS M ARA N , NA M A S M A RAN a n d self de v el o p m e n t , Sc o pe O f NA M A S M ARA N , D o u b t s a b o ut NA M A S M A R A N , G l i m p s e s o f G o n d ava l e , O b s t a cl e s in NA M A S M A R A N , G o nd ava l e k a r M a h a r aj , N A M A S M A RAN V S NA M A V I S M AR AN I N T R O D U C T I O N T O N A M A S M ARAN 1 . N A MA S M A R A N i s a p r o cess o f c h a n ti n g / r e m e m b e r i n g o f t h e n a m e o f G od . I t is in vogu e f r o m t h e t i m e i mm e m o r i al. L o r d S h a nk a r , Va l m i k i, A m b a r i s h , P r al h a d , D h r u v a, A d i S h a nk a r ac h a ry a , M ee r a , C h aita ny a Ma h a p r a bhu , N a m a d e v a, D n y a n e s h wa r , T u k a r a m , E kn at h , Ka b i r , Sa m a r th R a m a d a s , C hokh a m e l a, N a r a h a r i S on a r , G o r a K u m bh a r , G ond a v ale k ar M a h a r aj, Ga j a n an M a h a r aj, S ai B a b a a n d s o m a n y fr o m d i ff e r e n t r eli g i on s a n d s p i r it u al t r a d it i on s p r acticed N A MA S M A R AN a n d a dvo cated t h e s a m e to t h e o t h e r s. Ma h a t m a Ga ndh i al s o p r a cticed NAM A SM A R AN a n d w r o te a boo k o n it. N A MA S M A R A N h a s an e x t r e m e l y i m po r t a n t p lace in a l m o s t all t h e s p i r it u al t r a d iti on s p r e s e n t all ov er t h e w o r l d .

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B u t t od ay it h a s b e c o m e e s p ecia l ly i m p e r ati v e to re - e xp l o r e a n d e xp e r ie n ce i t s s i gn i f i ca n ce in v iew o f p r e v e n ti n g t h e i m m i n e n t c o lla p se o f t h e e d i f ice o f hu m a n it y . I don ' t wi s h to p r e ach N A MA S M A R AN bu t on ly s h a r e m y v i e w s a bou t it with t h e r ea d e r s . NAM A SM A R AN is b a s ica l ly a m ea n s o f Se l f -r e alizati o n o r in o t h er w o r d s G o d r ealiz a t i on . T hu s r eli g i ou s a n d p i ou s i nd i v i d u als can b e s een c h a n ti n g t h e n a m e o f a p a r tic u l a r d ei t y with a ho ly r o s ar y in t h eir h a nd . C h a n ti n g is don e in d i ff e r e n t w a y s. I t is don e at d i f f e r e n t t i m e s o f a d ay o r n i gh t a n d with d i ff e r e n t t y p e s o f r o s a r i e s with d i ff e re n t n u m b e r s o f b ea d s . P e op le r e m e m b er s i l e n tly o r r ecite l oud l y . T h ey r e m e m b er s p ec i f i c n a m e s , w i th s p ec i f i c t a r g ets s u ch a s 3 .5 l a cs, 1 3 lacs, 3 .5 c r o r e s , 1 3 c r o r es et c . N A MA S M A R AN i s p r acticed e i t h er w it h s p ec i f i c m und a n e i n te n ti o n o r wit hou t a n y s u c h d e s i r e o f m und a n e n at u r e. I n m y v iew p r actici n g N AMA S M A R A N i s o f h i gh e s t i m po r t a n ce; a n d w h en don e s o with t o p m o s t p r i o r i t y ; t h e o t h er p a r a ph e r n alia o r r u l e s a n d r e gu lati on s a s s u m e lesser i m po r ta n ce. W ith u t m o s t r e s p e ct a n d g r atit ud e f o r all t h e t r a di ti on s a n d t h eir f o ll o w er s I w i s h to po i n t ou t t h at in m y v iew N A MA SM A R AN in t od a y ' s t i m e will no t on ly e ndo w u s with Se l f r eal i zati o n bu t it will s i m u l t a n e ou s ly u s h er t h e d awn o f u n i v e r s al we l f a r e in t e r m s o f a bund a n ce a n d p ro f und it y . I n f act t h i s s o cial i m p li c ati o n o f NAM A SM A R AN is t h e m ain t h e m e o f t h i s book . I f eel t h is w a y b eca u s e in m y v i e w t h e c h a n ti n g o f t h e n a m e o f G o d c a n b r i n g a bou t ( 1 ) E n li gh te n m e n t in o n e ' s p e r s on al l i f e t hu s m a k i n g l i f e f e a r l e s s , s e l f l e ss a n d c o m p a s s i on ate ( 2 ) Ma n i f e s tati o n o f l i gh t in on e ' s p e r s p ecti v e ,

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t h i nk i n g , f eeli ng s, i n s ti n c t s a n d acti o n s in t h e p r o f es s i o n , t hu s c on t r i bu ti n g to g l o b al we l f a r e. ( 3 ) Se l f r e alizati o n a s s o c i ated with b liss ( 4 ) Act u al r e v elat i o n a n d m a n i f e s tat i o n o f a l r ea d y e x i s t i n g ob j ecti v e un ity at t h e c o r e o f e v e r y b ei ng , t hu s i m p r ov i n g r elati on s h i p s at p e r s on al, r e g i on al a n d n ati on al le v els in t h e s o ciety all o v er t h e w o r ld (in t h e f o r m o f f eeli n g as well a s act u al b e h a v i o r ) ( 5 ) Ma n i f e s tati o n o f c o s m i c will a s a g a i n s t t h at o f p etty se l f in d i ff e r e n t f iel d s ( G od ' s will, will b e m a n i f e s ted a n d v e s ted i n te r e s t s a n d a n t i s o cial p l a n s w ou ld b e d e f e ated o r c r u s h e d .) ( 6 ) A s r e g a r d s t ho s e w h o d o no t r e cite t h e n a m e o f G od , e v en t h ey w ou ld b e b e n e f ite d . N AMA S M A R A N w ou ld b r i n g a bou t e m a n ci p ati o n o f t h e m b e c a u s e o f t h e f r eei n g i n f l u e n ce o f t h e un i f ied r eali t y r eal i zed a n d m a n i f e s te d in t h e l i f e o f t ho se w h o c h a n t t h e n a m e o f G od . S o m e p e op le a r gu e t h at m a n y i nd i v i du als p r a ctice N AM ASM A R AN bu t d o no t s e e m to g et b e n e f i t . T h e y ci t e t h e e x a m p l e s o f b e gg a r s o f w h o m m a n y c h a n t t h e n a m e o f G od . S o m e p e op le d o no t s ee a n y s e n se in s i m p l y c h a n ti n g t h e n a m e o f G od . S o m e a l s o po i n t ou t t h at t hou s a nd s o f g r eat i nd i v i du als n e v er u tte r ed t h e n a m e o f G od , t hu s s u gg e s ti n g t h at NAM A SM A R AN is an unp r odu cti v e a n d i rr ele v a n t ac ti v it y . Ma n y o t h e r s c an ta k e y et a no t h er po i n t o f v i ew a n d a r gu e t h at t h e r e can b e m a n y w a y s to r ea c h t h e t r u t h . T o t h e s e a r g u m e n t s t h e r e a r e a n s w er s. B u t t h ese a n s w er s a r e b a s ed o n t h e v i s i o n o f t h e s e lf r e alized s ou ls a n d t h e c on ce p t o f r e b i r t h . T h ey a r e b a s ed o n K A R M A PHA L AS I D DH A N T H A . T h e r e f o r e t h ey a r e acc e s s i b le to e n li gh te n ed i nd i v i d u al s . B u t we c an t r y to g r a s p t h e r eali t y . T hu s a p e r s o n in b e gg a r ly att i r e i s no t n ecessa r i l y a h el p less a n d m i se r a b le c r e at u r e as m a y s ee m fr o m t h e a pp ea r a n ce. I n f act t h e b e gg a r ly l oo k can b e w o r n b y a m i g h ty (with t r e m e ndou s i nn er s t r e ng t h ) s a g e, a s a n y a s in o r a s ai n t. S i m p le c h a n ti n g ill u m i n at e s all p la n es o f

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c on s ci ou s n e s s , li k e a s i ng le s witch w h ich can b r i n g a bou t f l oo d li gh ts ill u m i n ati n g e v e r y noo k a n d c o r n e r . C h a n ti n g t h e na m e o f G o d i s li k e r e m ov i n g t h e v eils o f s ub j ecti v e p e r s on ality s o a s t o op en doo r s to c o s m ic w i s d o m . W h en we s ee m a n y g r eat i nd i v i du als no t p r actici n g N AM ASM A R AN, we m u s t r ea l ize t h at t h eir g r eat n e ss c an b e r ela t ed to t h eir p e n a n ce in t h e p a s t l i f e/li v e s . T hu s t h ey a l s o c ou ld b e c h a n ti n g ; t h e n a m e o f G o d in t h e p a s t li f e. Alte r n ati v e l y t h ey c ou ld b e p r actici n g o t h er f o r m s o f p e n a n ce w h ich can m a k e a p e r s o n g r e at bu t no t n eces s ar ily s e l f r ealize d . L a s t l y it m u s t b e und e r s t oo d t h at t h e c on ce p t o f r e b i r th a n d KA R M A - PHA L AS I D DH A N T HA ough t no t to b e u s ed to j u s t i f y i n j u s tice bu t s hou ld b e s een as a s ou r ce o f i n s p i r at i o n to p r actice NA MA S M A R AN a n d r i s e a bov e e v e r y k i n d o f bond a g e. T h e s e e xp la n ati on s m ay no t s at i s f y m a n y r ea d e r s. T h is i s b eca u se ou r i n tellect u al c a p a c ity can (wit hou t l o s i n g s ub j ecti v e i d e n tit y ) c o m p r e h e n d o r e xp e r ie n ce t h e i npu t c o m i n g t h r oug h t h r ee s tat e s, s lee p , wa k e f u l n e ss a n d d r e a m ; t h r ee d i m e n s i o n s v iz. le ng t h , b r ea d th a n d d e p t h ; a n d t h r ee t i m e s v i z. p a s t, p r ese n t a n d f u t u r e. B u t t h e c on ce p ts m e n ti on ed a bov e a r e b e y o n d all t h ese. T h ey t h e r e f o r e a r e no t d e s c r i b a b le b y la n gu a g es o f qu ality a n d qu a n tit y . N a m a s m a r an can l i b e r ate u s a n d e n a b le u s to " s ee" t h e c on ce p ts m e n ti on ed a bov e as well a s t h e un i v e r s e a pp r op r iate l y . Fi n all y ; NA M A S M A R AN e n s u r e s a t i m e l y e vo l u ti on a r y t r a n s f o r m a ti o n o r r et u r n to on e ’ s o r i g i n al s t ate o f t r a n s - te m po r a l , i m m o r tal a n d ete r n al b lis s .

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NA M A S M A R A N : T he H e a ling a n d B l o s s o m ing A mbr o s ia NAM A SM A R AN (F r o m Sa n s k r it: Na m e = a ( d i v i n e) n a m e; s m a r an = r e m e m b r a n c e); m e a n s re m e m b e r i n g t h e n a m e o f G od , e i t h er l oud ly o r s ile n t l y . T h is i s ca l led j a a p , j a p , j i k r a in Hi nd i a n d U r d u r e s p e cti v el y . I t is a l s o called s i m a r an a n d s u m i r a n . NAM A SM A R AN is a t r a d iti on al p r a ctice o f “T o tal S t r e ss Ma n a g e m e n t”; t h a t is b e y on d e xp l o itati v e, m e r ce n a r y , c o m m e r cial, p r o f e s s i on al a n d e v en ph ila n t h r op ic t r a n s a cti on s . I t i s p r acticed in m a n y r eli g i on s ; i n cl ud i n g Hi ndu , Si kh , C h r i s tia n , a n d M u s l i m . NAM A SM A R AN; b y v i r t u e o f i t s a l m o s t un i v e r s al ac c e p ta b ilit y , s i m p l i cit y , non - te c hn icality a n d i n e xp e n s i v e n ess h as t h e po te n tial to b e b e n e f ic i al in T o tal St r e ss M a n a g e m e n t , to m a j o r i t y o f p e op le in t h e w o r l d , i r r e s p ecti v e o f a g e, se x , o cc up ati on , s o ci o ec ono m i c s t r at u m , r ace, r eli g i on , c u lt u r e, i d e o l og y , n ati on alit y . T h i s i s e s p e c ially s o , b eca u se; NAM A SM A R AN do es no t i nvo l v e a n y s t r i ng e n t r u l e s , c o e r ci v e r e gu lati on s o r c r i p p li n g b i nd i ng s s u c h a s ; c on ce p t u al, i n tellect u al, e m o ti on al, s o cial, c u lt u r al a n d t r a d it i on al. I t do es no t i n te r f e r e w i th t h e c u s t o m s o r b eli e f s y s t e m s. N A M A S M A R AN i s s aid to r e o r ie n t u s to ou r o wn s el v e s , e m p o wer u s a n d r e- e nk i nd le ou r po te n tial to b l o ss o m t og et h e r ! I t i s s aid to r e v italize a n d r e j uv e n ate u s a n d ca t al y ze t h e e vo l u ti o n a n d i m p l e m e n tati o n o f ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e, p o licie s , p la n s, p r og r a m s a n d ac h i e v e i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ; i n s i d e a n d ou t s i d e! C on ce p t u al a n d p r o ce du r al d etails o f NAM A SM A R AN: NAM A SM A R AN u s u ally e m bod i e s ; r e m e m b e r i n g t h e n a m e o f G od , G u r u , g r eat s ou l s s u ch as p r oph ets; a n d w h ate v er i s c on s i d e r ed as ho ly e. g . p la n e t s a n d s t a r s. I t i s re m e m b e r e d s ile n t l y , l oud l y , al on g with

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m u s i c, d a n ce, al on g with b r eat h i ng , i n g r ou p o r al on e. F u r t h e r , NAM A SM A R AN is e it h er c oun ted b y s o m e m ea n s s u c h as f i ng e r s , r o s a r y (cal l ed S M A R ANI o r J A PA MA L A), o r e l ect r o n ic c oun te r ; o r p r acticed wit hou t c oun ti n g . T h e t r a d i t i on s v a r y fr o m r e g i o n to r e g i o n a n d fr o m r eli g i o n t o r eli g i on . T h e p r i n ci p le ( h y po t h e s is) und e r l y i n g NAM A SM A R A N; i s to r e o r ie n t ou r ph y s i o l og ical a n d s o cial b ei ng ; w i th ou r t r u e s e l f , e s t a b li s h a n d s t r e ng t h en t h e bo n d with it; a n d f i n al l y r e un i f y o r m e r g e it! Si n ce i nd i v i du al c on s ci o u s n ess is t h e c u l m i n ati o n o f e v e r y ac t i v ity in l i f e; a n d NAM A SM A R AN is t h e p i nn acle o f o r c u l m i n ati o n o f i n d i v i du al c on s ci ou s n e s s ; NA MA S M A R AN; i s act u all y ; op e n i n g t h e f i n al c o m m o n p at h way to o b j ect i v e o r c o s m ic c on s c i ou s n es s ; s o t h at i nd i v i du al c on s ci ou s n e ss in e v e r y p o ss i b le acti v it y ; g e t s f unn eled i n to o r “ r e un i f ie d ” with o u r t r u e s e l f ! T hu s N AM A SM A R A N i s s aid to b e t h e YOGA o f Y O G A in t h e s e n s e t h at it i s t h e c u l m i n ati o n o f c on sci ou s n e ss a s s o ciated w ith e v e r y po s s i b le p r o ce du r e a n d tec hn i qu e in t h e y og a t h at we a r e f a m i liar wit h . I t i s t h e YOGA o f Y OGA; al s o b eca u s e i t i s t h e c u l m i n ati o n o f c on s ci ou s n e ss as s o ciated with all t h e acti v iti e s in t h e un i v e rs e, w h ich it e n c o m p a s s e s a s well! I t i s t h e Y O GA o f YO G A b e c a u s e ; e v e ry bod y in t h e w o r ld i rr e s p ecti v e o f h i s / h er t r a d iti o n a n d t h e b eli e f s ; w ou ld e v e n t u all y , u lt i m ate l y a n d n a t u r ally r each it; in t h e p r o cess o f li b e r ati o n a n d “ un ite” with it! I t i s s aid to b e m e d itati o n o f m e d itati o n ; b eca u s e t h e n at u r al a n d u lt i m a te cl i m ax o f e v e r y f o r m o f m e d itati on ; i s r e m e m b e r i n g t r u e se l f o r m e r g i n g with c o s m ic c on s c i ou s n ess e ff o r t l es s l y !

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I t i s s aid t h at N A MA S M A R AN w o u ld ce r tai n ly e n li gh ten a n d e m po w er b illi on s to e vo l v e, gu i d e a n d c on s o li d ate; t h e g l ob al c on s cie n ce a n d e m po wer t h e g l ob al p e r s p ecti v e, po li c ie s , p la n s a n d p r og r a m s; a n d t h e r e b y u s h er in g l ob al un it y , h a r m o n y a n d j u stice. W e s hou ld no t m e r ely b elie v e , d i s b elie v e, i m a g i n e , c on ject u r e, o r t h e o r ize c a s u al l y a bou t NAMA S M A R A N. W e s hou ld no t d e v el o p p r e s u m p ti o n s , p r ej ud ice s , li k i ng , a cc e p ta n ce, d i s li k i ng , r e j e cti o n o r r e s p e ct; a n d g o i n to un ce r tai n t y , d il e mm a , i nd ec i s i on , wa v e r i ng , a n d v acillati on s ! I n s t e a d ; we s hou ld p r ov is i on ally acce p t, s t ud y a n d p r actice NAM A SM A R AN; a n d v e r i fy . S o m e a r g u m e n t s a g ai n s t N A MA SM A R AN: 1 . N A MA S M A R A N do es no t s e e m to p r odu ce ta ng i b le r e s u l t s ; i f c o m p a r ed to s cie n t i f i c r esea r c h , s o ci o - po litical acti v iti e s, a g r ic u lt u r al acti v ities, h a nd ic r a f t s etc. I n v iew o f t h i s ; t h e r e i s n o b a sis t h at NAM A SM A R AN can lead to g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng . Tr u e. T h e r e i s n o b a s i s . N obod y can p r ov i d e t h e " e xp e r i m e n tal a n d qu a n ti f ia b le" p r oo f . W e h a v e ou r s el v e s to p r actic e , e xp e r ie n ce a n d v e r i f y . 2 . T h e r e i s n o d e m on s t r a b le ca u s e a n d e f f ect r e l ati on s h i p to s a y t h at NAM A SM A R AN e vo l v es u s i n to ob jecti v e o r c os m ic c on s ci ou s n ess o r i m p a r t s g l ob al p e r s p ecti v e. Tr u e. W e ca nno t p r ov e t h at N A MA S M A R AN e vo l v es u s i n to ob j ec t i v e o r c o s m ic c on s ci o u s n es s ; o r i m p a r t s g l ob al p e r s p ecti v e! T h is i s a m a t ter o f v e r i f i c ati on .

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3 . N A MA S M A R A N h as n o d e m on s tr a b le i n f l u e n ce o n i nd i v i d u al o r s o cial l i f e. N A M A SM A R A N i s wa s t a g e o f t i m e. I n f a c t ; O n e m ay f e el t h at NA M AS MA R AN h a s b e n e vo le n t r o le, b e c a u s e o f er r on e ou s ly att r i bu ti n g t h e go o d c h a ng es in h i m o r h e r ; to N A MA S M A R AN; w h en in f act; it c ou ld ac t u ally b e t h e o t h er way r ound ; t h at i s ; goo d c h a ng es in h i m o r h e r ; h a v e l e ad to h i m o r h e r to d e v el o p i n te r e s t in NAM A SM A R AN. T h is a r g u m e n t i s b eca u s e o f ou r i n a b i lity to “ s e e” a n y t h i n g ta ng i b le a n d r at h er t h e “a dd ict i o n ” to b elie v e in a t h i ng ; on ly if it i s t a ng i b le! I t ca nno t t h e r e f o r e b e r e f u te d . I t can on ly b e s at i s f ied i f t h e qu e s ti on er e x e r c i s e s h i s o r h e r fr ee d o m to b l o ss o m h is o r h er ca p a city to “see” a n d " e xp e r ie n ce" t h e b e n e f i ts o f N A M A S M A R A N . I t i s s aid t h at N A MA S M A R AN can i n f l u e n ce t h e s o c i al l i f e , b eca u s e t h e b l o ss o m i n g is i r re si s ti b ly m a n i f e s ted i n s o cie t y ; i m po s s i b le to b e i gno r e d . T h e r e a r e m a n y ill u s t r i ou s e x a m p l e s s u ch a s s c h o la r ly s ai n t s D n y a n e s hv a r , T u lsi d a s , T uk a r a m , S a m a r th R a m a d a s , E kn at h , W a m an Pa ndi t, Me e r a, K a b i r , C h aita n y a M a h a p r a bhu ; i n cl ud i n g Ac h a r y a Vi nob a B h a v e a n d Ma h a t m a Ga ndh i. I t i s a l s o s aid t h at i f we h a v e doub t a bou t w h et h er N AM ASM A R AN b l o ss o m s u s i n to c o s m i c c on s c i ou s n e s s , o r c o s m i c c on sci ou s n ess a b s o r b s u s i n to N AMA S M A R A N; o r c o s m ic c on s ci o u s n ess s o m e ho w i s r elated to N A M A S M A R A N , o r w h e t h er N A MA S M A R AN h a s a n y t h i n g to d o with c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s ; t h e n al s o t h e r e i s fr e e d o m to b l o s s o m a n d e xp e r ie n ce r a t h er t h an be c ond e m n ed to g et bu r ied in t h e s te r ile s e m a n ti c s ! All in a ll, p r acti c e o f N A MA S M A R AN a n d t h e e xp e r ie n ce as s o ciated with it; a r e i nn ate a n d b e yon d li n g u i s tic c o m p r e h e n s i o n a n d

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c o m m un icati on ; t h oug h t h e g l i m p s e s o f i ts s up r e m a cy c an b e d e s c r i b e d . W e h a v e fr e e d o m NOT to b el i e v e in NAM A SM A R AN b li nd l y ; a n d p r ov i s i on ally a c c e p t, s t udy , e xp e r i m e n t ou t a n d e xp e r ie n ce! 4 . W h at i s t h e s e n se in t h e cla i m t h at t h e r e i s " acti v e p e a ce" in NAM A SM A R AN; as s ugg e s ted b y s o m e? T h e “ Acti v e Peac e ” is a c on ce p t to s u gg e s t d e s i r el e ss ( a b s e n ce o f s ub j e cti v e d e s i r e ) d e s i r e i. e . ob jecti v e d e s i r e. T h i s i s a sta g e in l i f e r eac h ed b y m a n y ; t h r oug h NAMAS M A R AN. I t c a nno t b e a n d n eed no t b e a r b it r a r ily i m p o s ed o n on e s e l f , b ec a u s e, e v en a s it is p lea s a n t to t h o s e w h o ac h ie v e it; it i s no t u s u ally i m a g i n a b le a n d h e n ce a g r eea b le to t h o s e; w h o a r e e ng r o s sed in s e n s u al p le a s u r e s . I n f act we f i n d it q u ite d r ea d f u l to b e “ fr ee d ” f r o m t h e s e “ p lea s u r e s ”! T h is i s a k i n d o f “ f ear o f l o s s ” ! W e b ec o m e m i s e r a b le e v en with t h e t hou g h t o f s u ch “ d r ea d ed f r ee d o m ”! H o we v er i f we t h i n k k ee n l y , t h en we (in t h e c ou r se o f N A MA S M A R A N) can i m a g i n e; h o w s ub l i m e a n d t o we r i n g is t h is st a g e, w h y it i s a ccla i m e d in book s li k e B h a g a v ad Ge e ta; a n d w h y kno wi ng ly o r unkno wi ng l y ; we all t e n d to m ov e t o wa r d s it. 5 . I s it no t t r u e t h at NA M A S M A R AN h as no t h i n g to o f f er in m at e r ial te r m s ? I t i s t r u e t h at N A M ASM A R AN do e s no t e n s u r e a n y c on c r ete m at e r ial g ai n s a s s u c h . B u t it act u ally “ c onv e r t s ” u s fr o m ou r “ s e e k e r ” s tat u s i n to a “ m a ste r ” s tat u s! W e b ec o m e m a s t er s o f ou r p etty s el v e s ! I n f act t h i s i s t h e h al l m a r k o f p r og r ess in a n y c u lt u r e; a ny w h e r e in t h e w o r l d . H o we v e r ; w h at s o r t o f c onv e r si o n we und e r go ; w h at s o r t o f m a ste r s we

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b ec o m e; h a s n o t a ng i b ilit y . P r a ctiti on e r s o f N A M A S M A R AN s a y , " Ha v i n g d eli v e r ed a c h ild a n d h a v i n g b ec o m e a m o t h e r ; n eed no t b e p r ov ed to o t h e r s ; o r n eed no t b e p r ov ed b y g etti n g ce r t if ied f r o m o t h er s . T h e m o t h er kno ws it m o r e t h an a n y on e el s e ! I t i s h e r p r i v ile g e! T h e c h a ng e wit h in u s t h r oug h NAMAS M A R AN i s acc e s s i b l e to e xp e r ie n ce a n d no t d e p e nd e n t f o r i t s v ali d ati on ; o r o n a n y w o r d s a n d p r oo f s ! " 6 . W h y i s N A MA SM A R A N r i d ic u l e d b y m a n y o f u s ? NAM A SM A R AN b i nd s u s in “ s o m e t h i ng ” no n s e n s uou s ; a n d du e to ou r i m m a t u r i t y ; a pp ea r s to f o r ce u s aw a y fr o m ou r li k es a n d d i s li k es i. e . ou r e go . Si n ce t h is i s p ai n f u l; we r i d ic u le it a s f oo l i s h , e s ca p i s t, n i h ili s ti c , non s e n s e a n d e rr a t ic acti v it y . 7 . I s it no t t r u e t h at NA M A S M A R AN is a k i n d o f p a r a n o id b e h a v i o r o r s la v i s h b e h a v i o r ? I n itiall y ; N A MA S M A R AN g i v es u s t h e f eeli n g o f s ub m i ssi on , p r o s t r ati on , d e f eat, s u r r e nd e r , p r o s t r a t i o n b y n e g ati o n o f ou r s el v e s . B u t act u ally t h i s n e g at i o n is o f e go , a n d v ict o r y o f ou r t r u e s e l f . B u t s i n ce we d o no t r ealize t h i s i n itiall y , we f eel t h at t h is i s an unp lea s a n t a n d d i s c o m f o r ti n g p a r a no id acti v it y , w h i c h is no t t r u e . 8 . W h at i s t h e u s e o f p r actici n g N AM ASM A R AN r i gh t fr o m c h il dhoo d ? I f w e p r ac t ice N A MA S M A R AN r i g h t fr o m c h il dhoo d e v en wit hou t m u ch und e r s ta nd i ng ; t h is s ub c on s ci ou s l e a r n i n g e xp e r ie n ce r e m ai n s in ou r s ub c on s ci ou s a n d is p i vo tal in s et t i n g u s f r ee fr o m o u r l o wer s e l f . B eca u s e o f N A M ASM A R AN; we b ec o m e o r i e n ted to ou r h i gh er s el v e s a n d c onqu er t h e s t r es s ; r e s u lti n g f r o m t h e d r a gg i n g b y t h e l o wer se l f .

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T h is i s w h y we s h ou ld p r ov i d e o r i m p a r t ( b y i n cl ud i n g in all t h e c u rr ic u l u m s a n d d a ily r ou ti n e s ) t h e p r actice o f N A MA S M A R AN r i gh t fr o m c h il dhood . 9 . I s t h e r e a n y r e a s o n to b elie v e t h at t h e w o r ld w ou ld un ite a n d b l o s s o m ? N o . T h e r e i s n o r e a s o n to b elie v e in a n y t h i ng . T h e r e is n o r ea s o n to d i s b elie v e; o r wa v er a n d v acillate ei t h e r ! I t i s ho we v er a go l d en oppo r t u n ity a n d p r i v ile g e to p r actice NAM A SM A R AN a n d b e fr ee to “ s e e ” t h e w o r ld r e- e xp l o r i n g t h e h it h e r to i m p e r ce p ti b le u n ity a n d b l o ss o m i n g t og et h e r! ! T h i s i s a n al ogou s to a pp r op r iate li nk i n g o f t h e bog ies o f a t r ai n ; o r a s s e m b l y o f v a r i ou s p a r t s o f a c a r ; o r e v en c onn ecti o n o f v a r i ou s t y p e s o f cel l s i n a bod y ! I n v iew o f a bov e a r g u m e n ts a g ai n s t a n d in f a vo r ; t h e N AMA S M A R A N a pp ea r s to p r ov i d e a c o m p lete l y r a d i c al a n d ho li s tic y et t o tally nonv i o le n t, i n e xp e n s i v e a n d un i v e r s a lly a c ce p ta b le t oo l o f s t r e ss m a n a g e m e n t . S t r e ss a s s u ch can b e m a n a g e d ; bu t on ly te m po r a r i l y a n d s y m p t o m a tica l l y b y m a n y w a y s s u ch a s ; s hopp i ng , ta k i n g s ho we r , s w i m m i ng , s k ati ng , s k ii ng , s i ng i ng , s li m m i n g a n d m a n y s u ch m ea s u r e s ; w h ich s e r v e a s a t b e s t; a d j uv a n t m e a s u r e s . NA M ASA N K A L P W e o f t en f e e l t h at t h e u lt i m ate d e s ti n ati o n o f l i f e; i s b e yon d SANKA L P (a k i n d o f m o ti v at i on , pu r po s e, p la n , a s p i r ati on , d e s i r e, a m b iti on , d ete r m i n ati o n et c , w h ich lea d s to a v a r iety o f a c ti v ities i n l i f e). He n ce; we a r e o f ten s k e p t i cal a nd / o r c y n ical a bou t NAMAS AN KA L P (a p la nn i n g o f s p ec i f i c c oun t in ce r tain s p eci f ic t i m e; o f NAM A S M A R AN); b y an i nd i v i du al o r a g r oup .

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E v en as t h is i s n a t u r al; we h a v e to r e alize t h at; m o s t o f u s ; a r e no t r e ally fr eed fr o m e v e r y k i n d o f S ANK A L P. I n f a ct; we a r e kno wi ng ly o r unk n o wi ng l y ; a n d c on s ci ou s l y o r s u b c on s ci ou s l y i nvo l v e d ; in s e v e r al t r i v ial p r e o cc up at i on s , w h ich d r ag u s aw a y fr o m ou r t r u e sel v es. T h is is a r oo t ca u s e o f s t r e s s , w h ich m a n i f e s t s in d i ff e r e n t w a y s . T h e s e p r e o cc up at i on s ca nno t b e c onqu e r ed b y a n y vo l un ta r y e ff o r t; a s t h ey a r e i n t r i c ate l y m i ng led with ou r e go . T h is can on ly b e d on e; if we c on s ci o u s ly a dop t a po we r f u l SA N KA L P; t h at can nu ll i f y t h e s e p r e o cc up ati on s a n d catal y z e ou r s u rr e nd er to ou r G u r u (Se l f r ealiza t i on , T o tal St r ess M a n a g e m e n t)! S u ch i n f i n ite l y po we r f u l SA N K A L P; i s t h e t i m e t e s t ed NA M ASA NK A L P. T h i s can s a v e u s fr o m s u c c u m b i n g to ou r e g o a n d s t r e s s ; a n d e m p o wer u s to r e ach t h e u lt i m ate d e s ti n ati o n o f l i f e; b e y on d SANK A L P! W e n eed no t b eli e v e in t h i s ; bu t v e r if y it b y p r a ctice. T H R E E P O IN T S IN N A M A S M A R AN F i r s t p o i n t: I n s p i r it u ali s m we o f t en h ear p e op le p r eac h i n g t ha t y o u h a v e to f o r g et y ou r s e l f in m e m o r y o f G od . P r i m a f a cie t h i s a p p ea r s to b e a ho r r i b le i d ea o f c o m p le te a m n e s ia o r d e m e n tia. T h e f i r s t r e acti o n t o s u ch p r eac h i n g i s a v er s i o n t o wa r d s s p i r it u al i s m . I n f act i f y o u a r e hon e s t a n d r eal i s ti c , a b ou t g e nu i n e p e r s on al a n d s o cial is s u e s , t h en y o u d e v el o p l o at h e a n d d is gu s t a bou t s p i r it u ali s m . T ho s e w h o p r each t h i s ; obv i ou s ly d o no t s e e m m ean t h i s ! W h at m u s t b e

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t h e i n te n ti o n in t h eir p r eac h i ng ? Act u all y ; f o r g etti n g u s ; in m e m o r y o f G o d m ea n s ; b ei n g a b le to g et fr eed fr o m t h e n a gg i n g a n d h a rr o wi n g s h ac k l e s o f i nd i v i du ali s tic o r s ub j e cti v e i d e a s a n d f eeli ng s . N A M A SM A R A N h el p s u s to g r a du ally g et f r eed fr o m t h e h a r as s i n g a n d ob s e s s i v e re m i nd e r s o f ou r o wn s ub j e cti v e i d e a s a n d f eeli ng s . Sec o nd p o in t : I n s p i r it u ali s m it is o f t en i n s i s ted to t h e e x te n t o f c o a x i n g t h at y o u h a v e to g i v e u p e v e ry t h i n g a n d r e noun ce all t h e r elati on s h i p s ; e x ce p ti n g t h e on e with G od . T h is a l s o is obv i o u s l y s ho c k i n g a n d r e pu l s i v e a s it se e m s to i ndu ce h at r ed a bou t all s ub l i m e a n d a do r a b le r elati on s h i p s . B u t it i s no t s o ! Wh at it act u al l y m e a n s i s ; b ei n g ca p a b l e to see e v e r y r elati on s h ip m o r e ob j ecti v ely in t h e c ou r s e o f t i m e ; du e to b ei n g f o c u sed e x cl u s i v ely o n G o d i.e. t r u e s e l f i. e . NAM A ; b e y on d p etty s e l f t h r oug h t h e p r actice o f N A MA S M A R A N . A s a r e s u lt; ou r e m o t i on al bond s in all r elati on s h i p s e vo l v e a n d b ec o m e m a t u r e, s ub tler a n d re f i n e d . T h ey b ec o m e s e l f l e s s a n d fr ee o f e xp ectat i on s a n d d e p e nd e n ce. T h e y b ec o m e fr ee o f p r e j ud ic e s a n d g r udg e s . T h e y b ec o m e t o le r a n t a n d wa r m . T h ey i n s p i r e g i v i n g r at h er t h an a s k i ng , b e gg i n g o r c o m m a nd i ng ! I t i s i m p o r ta n t to und e r s ta n d t h at s ub ject i v e i d eas a n d f eeli n g s ( m e m o r y o f p etty s e l f ) a n d s ub jecti v e p e r ce p ti on s a bou t t h e r elati v es, f r ie n d s etc ( r elati o n s h i p s ) s h o u ld g et e vo l ve d as a r e s u lt a n d N A M ASM A R AN. I t h as no t h i n g to d o with a r b it r a r y “ c u t t i n g o f f r elati o n s ” , w h ich can b e h a r m f u l ! T he t hi r d p o in t : I n s p i r it u al i s m t h e r e is a ph il o s oph ic a l d e p icti o n o f

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d i ff e r e n t c on ce p t s , w h ich a r e d i f f ic u lt to g r a s p at te nd er a g e; f o r e x a m p l e; t h e c on c e p ts o f s ou l, i m m o r talit y , r e b i r th etc a n d s u ch o t h er on e s . T h is can b e r eally v e r y h ea v y , c on f u s i n g a n d f o r t h e budd i n g m i n d s ( i f i n a dv e r t e n tly i m p o s e d ) a n d i ndu ce a c on f li c ts i n t h e m . F o r e x a m p l e a bo y s e e s t h e w o r ld a n d c o m p r e h e nd s i t in a p a r tic u lar w a y . I t is c oun te r p r odu cti v e f o r t h e bo y to a s s u m e a r b it r a r i l y t h at; w h at a pp ea r s is a ct u ally c on t r a r y to h is p e r ce p ti o n ; a n d b elie v e t h at it i s a l l ill u s o r y ! I t i s e s s e n tial to und e r s ta n d t h at ph il o s oph y p r ov i d es a n swe r s t o on ly ce r tain qu esti on s , no t all. U nd e r s ta nd i n g t h e a n s w e r s c a n p r ov i d e u s on ly s o m e s at i s f a cti o n a n d c onv icti on . B u t r e m a i n i n g cla r i t y c o m es on ly t h r oug h p r actice a n d e xp e r ie n ce. T h e r e f o r e; it i s alw a y s goo d to a s k qu e s ti on s , s e ek a n swe r s a n d e n c ou r a g e c h il d r en to d o s o . B u t it i s i m p o r ta n t N O T to i m p o s e a n y c on ce p ts a nd /t h e o r i e s o n t h e c h il d r e n . I t is i m p o r ta n t to a vo i d ; bu r d e n i n g t h e m w ith ou r v iews. I t i s n eces s a r y to let t h e m e vo l v e t h r oug h s i m u lta n e ou s p r actice a n d s t ud y . I n t h e p r ese n t c on te x t; e n c ou r a g i n g t h e p r actice o f NAM A SM A R AN is i m po r ta n t; s o as to e n a b le t h e c h i l d r en to g r o w in t h eir p e r s p ecti v e, t h i nk i ng , e m o ti on s a n d i n s ti n cts. I t i s i m p o r ta n t to e n c ou r a g e t h e m to k eep e xp a n d i n g t h eir ho r iz on s in a n at u r al w a y a n d d e v el o p t h eir i d e a s a n d c onv icti on s ! W e ough t to r eal iz e t h at; c h il d r en s hou ld h a v e fr ee d o m i n as m u ch a s ca r i n g gu i d a n ce. I n as m u ch a s i t i s t r oub le s o m e f o r t h e c h il d r en to t r y to b li nd ly f o r s a k e t h e ir i d e a s , o r ac c e p t s o m e o t h er i d e a s ; b eca u s e s o m e on e p r eac h es it, it can al s o b e a l o ss f o r t h e m to c ond e m n t h e p r eac h i n g wit hou t p r actici n g NAM A SM A R AN with s o m e p atie n c e! T h i s i s t r u e with e v en t h e g r o wn u p a du lts li k e u s ! M o r e ov er it m u st b e r eal i zed t h at p atie n ce is v ital in a n y t a s k , i n cl ud i n g s c i e n t i f ic e xp e r i m e nt s . NA M A S M A R AN AND A Q U E S T I O N

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E v en i f w e h a v e f a ith in ou r gu r u ; a n d ou r d e vo ti o n is g e nu i n e; we a r e o f ten c o n fr on ted w ith t h is qu e s ti on ; “ I s it r eal l y t r u e t h at G u r u do es e v e ry t h i ng ? ” T h is i s b eca u se; e v en i f we r e p ea t e d ly r eit e r ate t h at ou r gu r u is non e o t h er t h an t h e A l m i gh ty H i m se l f ; we a r e a l wa y s i n f l u e n ced b y a n d i nvo l v ed i n ; h is p e r s on al l i f e, c h a r i s m a , f eeli n g s , p r ea c h i n g a n d h is s up e r n at u r al a n d s up e r h u m an f ea t s ; w h ich c h a r act e r ize H i s h u m an f o r m ! T h is i s t r u e a bou t m y st i cs, p r oph ets a n d i n ca r n ati on s a s well! A l l o f t h e m ; w h ile e x t r a o r d i n a ry , s up e r h u m an a n d s up e r n at u r a l; o n t h e on e h a nd ; a pp ear to h a v e l i m ited c a p acit y ; in t h eir h u m an f o r m ; o n t h e o t h er! T h ey don ’ t s e e m t o gov e r n ; t h e c o m p lex s cie n t i f i c i nv e n ti on s , r a p i d ly d e v el op i n g i n t r i gu i n g tec hno l og y , w o r ld wa r s, e a r th qu a k e s , t s un a m i s , vo lca n ic e r up ti on s a n d s e v e r al c o s m ic ph e n o m e na , w h i c h a pp ear to b e r e s u l t s o f i nd i v i d u al o r te a m e f f o r ts o r unp la nn ed a n d a u t o m atic. T h ey d o no t a pp e a r to b e G u r u ’ s act i v it y . N o w; f o r g etti n g t h e a n s w e r to ou r q u e s ti on ; let u s und e r sta n d t h at ou r doub t is act u ally v ali d ; bu t c r eated b y ou r c on ce p t o f “ do i ng ”. Act u all y ; G u r u , m y s ti c s , p r oph e t s a n d i n ca r n ati on s o f G od ; “ d o no t do ” as p e r ou r und e r s t a nd i n g o f t h e w o r d “ do i ng ”. A n i m a l s “ do ” t h i n g s wit hou t kno wi n g t h at “t h e y ” a r e do i n g . W e d o t h i ng s ; t h i nk i n g t h at “ we” a r e do i n g . W e; in t h e c ou r s e o f asce nd a n ce fr o m i nd i v i du ality a n d s ub j e cti v it y ; r e alize; t h at “we” is a t r a n s ie n t e xp e r ie n ce at a c er tain s ta g e o f d e v e l o p m e n t. T h i s e xp e r ie n ce i s ; n eit h e r p r e s e n t; b e f o r e ( w h en we a r e un c on sci ou s a bou t s el f ); no r latter (w h en we t r a n s ce n d t h e i nd i v i d u ality a n d s ub j ecti v i t y ; a n d m e r g e in i m p e r s on al ob j ecti v e c on sci ou s n e s s )!

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I t i s in t h e l ast s ta t e o f c on sci ou s n e s s; t h at we a pp r ecia t e t h at ‘ we’ ( ou r bod ie s , i n s t i n cts, e m o ti o n s , i n telli g e n ce a n d p e r s p ecti v e a n d ou r b e h a v i o r ); a r e m er e d e p e nd e n t t r a n s i e n t p e r i ph e r a l s o f t h e i m p e r s on al a n d ete r n al ob j e ct i v e c on s ci ou s n e s s , w h o is t h e on l y a b s o l u te a n d i m m o r tal r eali t y ; a n d h e n ce a “ do e r ”; al b eit i nd i r ect l y ! W h en we sa y ; “ G u r u d o es e v e ry t h i ng ”; it do es no t m e an t h at G u r u in h i s bod y act u ally p la n s a n d b r i ng s a bou t ea r th qu a k e s , t s un a m i s; o r i nv e n ts s cie n t i f ic i nv e n ti on s ; o r e ng a g es in t h e m u ltit ud e o f m u nd a n e acti v ities. All t h e s e a r e ‘ e x e c u te d ’ t h r oug h t h e d i ff e r e n t p e r i ph e r al i n s t r u m e n t s o f t h e i m p e r s on al a n d ete r n al o b j ecti v e c on s ci ou s n ess, t h e t r u e se l f o f G u r u , c o m m on l y re f e r r ed to a s G od ! W h en we say “ G u r u o r G o d do es e v e ry t h i ng ”, it m e a n s t h i s ! All t h is i s act u al l y a m a t ter o f s t ud y a n d c on ti n u ou s p r a c tice o f NAM A SM A R AN a n d f ir s t h a n d e xp e r ie n ce. T h e e xp e r i e n ce; i n itially o f t h e g l i m p s e s a n d f i n all y ; o f act u ally “ b ei n g t h e ete r n al c on s ci ou s n ess”! I t i s no t a m att e r o f b li n d b elie f ! E v e n ; all t h i s “ w r i t i ng ” a n d “ I ” a r e c o n ti ng e n t a m i d s t t h e f ield v iz. t h e ete r n al k i ngd o m a n d s up r e m e r ei g n o f G od ; m y gu r u . N E W I N S I GH T S IN N A M A S M A R AN NAM A SM A R AN is a m u lti d i m e n s i on al a n d t o ti po te n t o r p le u r i po te n t acti v it y . T hu s o n t h e on e h a n d it is a m e r e r e m e m b r a n c e o r r ecitati o n o f G od ’ s n a m e o r O MK A R b y an i nd i v i du al, eit h er l oud ly o r s i l e n tl y ; a n d o n t h e o t h er h a nd ; w h en it r e a c h es i t s ze n it h ; it i s on e wi t h c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss H i m se l f (wit h in w h i c h e v e ry t h i n g i s c on ti ng e n t). T h e i n itial e xp e r i e n ce o f N A MA SM A R AN c an b e t o t a lly d i ff e r e n t in acc o r d a n ce with o u r ph y s i o l og ical d i s po s iti on . Ma n y t i m e s, e s p ecial l y i f we a r e ob s ti n ate o r s t ubbo r n with s t r o n g li k es a n d d i s li k e s , t h en we m a y

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f eel t h at i t i s s u f f o cati ng , a n d is s t r a n g li n g ou r f r ee d o m ! T h e r e f o r e it i s s ai d ; t h at we s hou ld s t a r t N AM A S M A R AN o n a r elati v ely s m all scale. W e h a v e to a pp r e c iate t h at du r i n g N AMA S M A R A N t h e r e i s a g r a du al r e v e r s al o f t h e d e c e n t o f c on s ci o u s n es s . T h e r e i s a r e v e r s al o f ou r c on s ci ou s n e ss fr o m g etti n g i nvo l v ed in n e u r o - ph y s i o l o g ical i n f o r m a ti o n p r o ces s i ng , w h ich e m bod ies n e u r o - b i o c h e m i cal a n d n e u r o - elect r ophy s i o l og ical c h a ng e s . D u r i n g t h is p r o c e s s ; al on g with ou r c on s ci ou s n e s s ; all th e s e; a n d t h e c on f licti n g t hou g h t s , e m o ti o n s , i n s ti n c t s , d e s i r es, d r i v es, c r a v i ng s a n d b e h a v i o r; g et e vo l v ed a n d s y n c h r on ize d . T ill s u ch t i m e t h at t h e p r o cess o f N A MA S M A R AN do es no t ta k e r oo ts in ou r b ei ng , t h e d ece n t o f c on sci ou s n ess e m bod y i n g an ill u s i o n o f fr ee d o m , to w h ich we a r e a dd icte d ; k ee p s o n r e s i s ti n g o u r p r actice o f NAM A SM A R AN. T h is ca u s e s co n f l i ct! T h is h a pp e n s b ec a u s e; e v en t houg h NAM A SM A R AN e m a n ci p at e s a ll a s p ec t s o f i nd i v i d u al a n d s o cial l i f e , i n itially it is alien t o ou r i gno r a n t s tate o f m i n d a n d h e n ce we f i n d it unp lea s a n t , r e s t r icti v e a n d c o e r ci v e! G r a du ally we r eal i ze t h at N AM A S M A R AN a cts a s a t hough t a n c h o r ; a n d ho l d s u s t og e t h e r , w h ile cata l y z i n g t h e p r o cess o f se l f r ealizati on ! T h e b ea u ty o f N A MA S M A R AN i s t h at b y v i r t u e o f r e v e r si n g t h e d ece n t o f c on s ci ou s n e s s , i t is n e v er r e s t r ic t ed to ou r o wn p etty b e n e f i ts, e v en i f we wa n t e d it t h at wa y . I t i s al w a y s b e n e vo le n t to all; i n cl ud i n g t ho s e, w h o m a y b e t hou sa nd s o f m il e s aw a y; a n d kno wn o r unkno wn to u s ! I t i s s aid to b e e m a n ci p ati n g e v en to t ho s e s ub tler e n titi e s w ho s e “l i f e”

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do es no t f it in t h e u s u al la w s o f b i o l og y s u ch a s t h e d e p a r ted s ou l s ! T h i s is no t s u r p r i s i ng ; i f we r ealize t h at w h en at i t s ze n it h , N AMA S M A R A N is on e w i th N AM A; t h e c o s m i c c on sci ou s n es s ; a n d e v e ry t h i n g (i n cl ud i n g p a s t a n d f u t u r e g e n e r ati o n s) i s c on ti ng e n t t h e r ei n ! W h en N A MA SM A R AN r eac h e s i t s ze n it h ; it i s on e wi t h NAM A ; t h e c o s m i c c on sci ou s n ess (wit h in w h ich e v e ry t h i n g i s c on ti ng e n t); as s t ated ea r lie r , a n d t h e i n e xp lica b le e f f ec t s o f NA M A S M A R AN b e g in to m a n i f e s t at t h e l e v el o f el e ct r o c h e m ic al acti v iti e s in v a r i ou s p a r t s o f b r ai n . T h e s e in t u r n ; a r e r e s pon s i b le f o r t h e e xp e r ie n c e s o f t h e p r actiti on er o f N A MA S M A R AN; a s well a s t h e a pp a r e n tly m i r ac u l ou s e f f ec t s ; o n bod y f un cti on s , b e h a v i o r a n d o t h er e v e n ts in i nd i v i d u al, f a m i l y a n d s o cial l i f e. O n e o f t h e s e v e r al c on c r ete po s s i b ilit i es r e s u lti n g f r o m NAM A S M A R AN; w h ich m a y b e ac c es s i b le to t ec hno l o g y i s ; c on s o li d ati o n o f to a n d f r o c onn ecti on s b etween b r ai n s te m i n cl ud i n g l i m b ic s y s t e m a n d t h e ce r e b r a l c o r te x . Si n ce N A MA SM A R AN i s a v e r y s u b tle p r o cess it c ou l d po ss i b l y a l s o lead to qu a n titati v e, s p atial a n d t e m po r al c h a ng es in t h e m i c r o - n e u r o - ph y s i o l og ical s ec r et o r y a n d e l ect r i c al e v e n ts ( a s w ell a s c h a ng es in t h eir i n te rr elati o n s h i p s ) in k ey po s iti o n s in t h e ce n t r al n e r vou s s y s t e m a n d i n f l u e n ce t h e w ho le b i o c h e m i s t r y a n d ph y s i o l og y. T h i s c ou ld e xp lai n ; ho w m a n y p r actit i on e r s o f N A MA S M A R AN e xp e r ie n ce i n e xp lica b le r ec ov e r y fr o m o t h e r w i s e i n c u r a b le d isea s e s. T h is c ou ld e xp lain t h e a pho r i s m o f S h r i B r a h m a c h aita n y a Ma h a r a j G ond a v ale k ar f r o m G ond a v ale (D i s t r ict Sa t a r a in Ma h a r a s h t r a S t ate, in I nd ia); t h at N A M ASM A RAN e m bod ies all t h e a s p ec t s e. g . Y A M A,

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N I Y A MA, A S A N A, P R A NA Y AM A , P R A T YA HA R A, DH A R A NA, DHYA N A & SA MAD H I ; o f Y OG A. T h e s e a r e ac h i e v ed in a s ub tler a n d c on ti nu o u s m a nn e r , in N A MA S M A R A N . R ough ly s p ea k i n g it a pp ea r s t h at; in a s a n a, p r a n a y a m a a n d o t h er p r o ce du res in h at h a y og a, a r e e m p l oy ed to “ p u s h up ” t h e d e s c e nd i n g c on s ci ou s n e ss fr o m r ece p t o r s , p le x u s e s , m u s cl e s, r e s p i r ati on , a u t on o m i c n e r vou s s y s t e m e t c b ack to its o r i g i n al po s iti o n in a n d b e y on d ce r e b r al c o r te x ; a n d in N A MA S M A R AN; it i s li k e wit hd r awi n g o r s u c k i n g t h e d e s ce nd i n g c on s c i ou s n es s . I t m ay no t b e i n a pp r op r iate to no te h e r e; f o r r ec o r d ; t h a t we n eed no t b elie v e a n y o f t h is b li nd l y ; a s ; s oo n we w ou ld s e e ; s cie n t i f i c v ali d ati o n o f t h e a pho r i s m s a s a bov e; a bou t N A MA S M A R AN; o f m a n y see r s . I t w ou ld t he n b e acce p ted a u t o m atical l y wit hou t a n y k i n d b li n d b elief b y all; i r r e s p ecti v e o f no t on ly r eli g i on s ; bu t e v en i d e o l og i e s s u ch a s at h ei s m . UN D E R S T AN D ING N A M A S M A RAN T h e und e r s ta nd i n g o f N A MA S M A R AN a l s o go es o n r e nov ati n g a n d r e bu il d i n g it s e l f w i th n ewer d i m e n s i o n s a n d b ec o m i n g m u l t ic o l o r , s w e ete r , m el od i ou s a n d r h y t h m i c! T h e e c s t a sy o f NA M ASM A R AN b ec o m e s ov e r w h e l m i n g a n d i n s p i r e s on e to s h a r e it with o t h e r s! T h e und e r s ta nd i ng , e xp e r ie n ce a n d t h e f eeli n g s ; a s s o cia t ed with NAM A SM A R AN g o o n d ee p e n i n g a n d g et p e r c o lated i n e v e r y s y s t e m in t h e bod y . N AM ASM A R AN g r a d u ally b ec o m e s a c o r e o f ou r t o tal p e r s on ality a n d c o n t r o lli n g ce n ter o f ou r b e h a v i o r . I n f act; “ W e” b ec o m e s ec ond a r y a n d NAMA o cc u p ies t h e s up r e m e po s iti o n wit h in u s !

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I t i s t r u e t h at e v en if we sta r ted N AM ASM A R AN w ith s o m e e xp ectati on s o r s o m e wa n ts, g r a du al l y t h e y b ec o m e un i m po r ta n t to u s ! I n f act t h r oug h NAMA S M A R AN we no t on ly g o b e y on d t h e s e l f i s h m o ti v e s, a n d e xp ectati on s , bu t e xp e r i e n ce ete r n al a n d v ital r ela t i on s h ip b etween ou r G U R U T A T VA a n d u s . I n o t h er w o r d s , t h i s i s a r elati on s h ip b etween ou r ob j ec t i v e o r c o s m ic s e l f a n d ou r s ub j e cti v e s e l f . At on e po i n t in t i m e, N A MA S M A R A N a pp ea r ed to m e t o b e a p r o c e ss o f l i b e r ati o n t h at w ou ld d i r ectly lead t o pu r i f i c ati o n o f m i n d s a n d b l o ss o m i n g o f i n s t i n ct s , e m o ti on s, i n t elli g e n ce a n d p e r s p ecti v e; a n d lead to p r e d icta b le s o cial p r og r ess. N o w a l s o I f eel t h a t N A MA S M A R A N w ou ld lead to s o cial c h a ng es, bu t p r ob a b ly no t as p r e d icta b ly a n d a s s i m p l i s t i cal l y a s on e w ou ld o r c ou ld i m a g i n e. G u r u gu i d es a n d m o ti v ates m illi on s o f p e op le t o wa r d s NAM A SM A R AN a n d b l o ss o m i n g o f t h eir i n s ti n c t s, e m o ti on s , i n telli g e n ce a n d p e r s p ecti v e ! T h i s r e p eats i t s e l f f r o m t i m e to t i m e in d i ff e r e n t p a r t s o f t h e w o r l d . G U R U o r G U R UT A T VA (c os m ic c o n s ci ou s n e s s ) m a y v a r y in e x te r n al a pp ea r a n ce a n d la n gu a g e a nd / o r s e m a n tic s . T h e d i s ci p l e s a l s o m a y v a r y in te r m s o f w h e r e t h ey c o m e fr o m a n d w h ich b ac kg r ou n d t h ey b el on g t o . T h is r elati o n s h ip o f a p a r tic u lar i nd i v i du al gu r u a n d a p a r tic u lar d i s ci p le is d et er m i n ed p r o b a b ly b y t h e a s s o ci a ti on s in p ast li v e s . T h e c o s m ic c on s c i ou s n ess i s ete r n a l . Da r wi n ian e vo l u ti o n , e n li gh te n m e n t o f a n i nd i v i du al a n d e n li gh te n m e n t o f t h e m a s s e s ; a r e

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c on ti ng e n ts in t h is c o s m i c c on sci ou s n es s , w h ich i s a l s o c alled G U R U T A T V A! NAM A SM A R AN is an o b j ecti v e doo r o r a w a y ; to t h e c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss t h at t r a n s c e nd s t h e d i m e n s i o n o f t i m e. T h i s doo r o r a w a y ; is c r eated b y t h e c o s m i c c on s c i ou s n e ss H i m se l f ; t h r oug h g r eat s a g e s a n d s e er s ; b y i n s p i r i n g t h e m to p r a c tice N AMA S M A R A N f r o m m i lle nn ia. T h is i s r e f e r r ed to as m a k i n g a NA A M; S I DD H A. He n ce it i s s a id t h at NAAM g i v en b y a n i nd i v i du al GU R U; h as i m m e n s e s i gn i f ica n ce a n d i m p o r ta n ce. T h e N AMA g i v en b y G U R U i s a “ v alid p a s s po r t” to e n t e r t h e c o s m ic c o n s ci o u s n ess a n d ai d s e m a n ci p ati o n o f t h e w ho le u n i v e r s e. T h is m a k e s it cle ar ; t h at it i s e rr on e ou s to a s s u m e t h at “ m y acti v i t y ” o f NAM A SM A R AN w ou ld y ield r e s u l t s. Act u al l y t h e G U R U g ets NAM A SM A R AN don e t h r ou g h m e! E v e ry t h i n g i n cl ud i n g g l ob al r e vo l u ti on s o r un i v e r sal ca t ac l y s m s; i n cl ud i n g “ m y acti v it y ” o f NAM A SM A R AN a r e c on ti ng e n t s , e ff ec t s ; a n d N OT C AUS E ! NAM A SM A R AN is a go l d en oppo r t un ity to r e m e r g e w ith t h e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss e ndo wed b y t h e c os m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss G U R U. T h e r e f o r e it is s aid t h at w e s h ou ld p r actice N A MA S M A R AN f o r t h e s a k e o f i t s e l f ; on l y . T h e i d ea o f “ m y acti v i t y ” o f N AMA S M A R A N i s t o tally f a l s e; a n d h e n ce t h e s u b s e qu e n t e xp ectati on s o f t h e r e s u l t s a r e a l s o t o tally b a s e l ess, i rr ati on al a n d i n c o r r ect. B u t on ce w e und e r s ta n d t h at all t h e re vo l u ti on s on ce e n v i s a g e d ; a r e w r itten o n t h e wa ll , we g et fr eed fr o m t h e bu r d en o f b ei n g ob s es s ed b y t h e m a n d “ do i n g NAMA S M A R A N f o r e ng e nd e r i n g t h e m ” ; a n d b e fr e e! T h is i s a v e r y d i ff i c u lt, bu t a s u r e s t a g e in l i f e.

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UN D E R S T AN D ING M O R E A B O UT N A M A S M A RAN: T h e p r o c e ss o f N A MA S M A R AN go es o n ac qu i r i n g n ew d i m e n s i on s . I t go es o n d ee p e n i n g a n d p e r c o lati n g in e v e r y s y s t e m , e v e r y cell a n d in f act; e v e r y m o lec u le o f t h e bod y ; a n d g r a du ally b ec o m e s a c o r e o f ou r t o tal p e r s on ali t y a n d c on t r o lli n g ce n ter o f ou r b e h a vio r . L ate r ; we b e g in to und e r s ta n d t h at: 1 . N A MA S M A R A N; i s a un i v e r s al p r o ces s ; a n d w e g et as s o ciated with it; du e to ou r ete r n al r elati o n s h ip wi t h ou r G U R U (G od , B R A H MA, NAMA o r o b j ecti v e o r c o s m i c s e l f ). 2 . T h e c o s m i c c o n s ci ou s n e ss ( gu r u ) i s e t e r n al and t h e D a r wi n ian e vo l u ti o n a n d e n l i gh te n m e n t o f an i n d i v i du al c on s ci ou s n es s ; a r e c on ti ng e n t s . G u r u gu i d es a n d m o ti v a t es m illi o n s o f p e o p le t o wa r d s NAM A SM A R AN; t hu s b l o s s o m i ng ; t h eir i n s ti n c t s , e m o t i on s , i n telli g e n ce a n d p e r s p ecti v e ! T h i s r e p eats i t s e l f f r o m t i m e to t i m e ; in d i ff e r e n t p a r t s o f t h e w o r l d . 3 . G U R U (c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ) m a y v a r y ; in e x te r n al a pp ea r a n ce a n d la ngu a g e a nd / o r s e m a n ti c s . T h e d i s c i p les a l s o m a y v a r y ; in te r m s o f w h e r e t h e y c o m e fr o m ; a n d w h ich b a c kg r oun d t h ey b el on g t o . T h is r elati on s h ip o f a p a r tic u lar G U R U a n d a p a r tic u lar d isc i p le; is d ete r m i n ed p r ob a b ly b y t h e a s s o ciat i on s in s eed f o r m s; s p r ead t h r oug h s e v e r al li v e s . 4 . N A MA S M A R A N i s a h i gh w a y to t h e c o s m ic c o n s ci o u s n ess. T h i s c o s m i c c on sci ou s n ess t r a n s ce nd s t h e d i m e n s i o n o f t i m e . T h e h i gh way o f NAM A SM A R AN is c r eated b y t h e c o s m i c c on s c i ou s n e ss H i m se l f ! T h at is ho w; g r eat s a g e s, s ai n ts, s e er s a n d m o s t o f t h e e n li gh te n ed gu r u s ; a n d t h eir b illi on s o f f o l l o we r s; h a v e b een i n s p i r ed a n d h a v e b een p r actici n g NAM A SM A R AN; f r o m t i m e i m m e mo r ial! H e n ce it i s said t h at N A MA g i v en b y a G U R U h as i m m e n se s i gn i f i ca n ce a n d i m p o r t a n ce. 5 . He n ce; it i s e rr o n e ou s to a ss u m e; t h at “ m y a cti v it y ” o f

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NAM A SM A R AN; w ou ld y ield r e s u l t s ; a s p er m y e xp ec t ati on s o r a n tici p ati on s ; in p e r s on al o r s o cial l i f e! 6 . Act u ally t h e GU R U g ets N A MA S M A R AN don e t h r oug h m e. E v e ry t h i n g i n cl ud i n g g l ob al r e vo l u ti o n s o r un i v e r s al ca t acl y s m s; a r e c on ti ng e n t s ; i n cl u d i n g obv i ou s l y ; “ m y acti v i t y ” o f N A MA S M A R AN; a n d “ m y e n li gh te n m e n t”! 7 . T h e r e f o r e it i s said t h at we s hou ld p r actice NA M A S M A R AN f o r t h e s a k e o f i t s e l f ; on l y ; a n d n eit h er f o r p etty g ai n s no r f o r e n g e nd e r i n g s o cial c h a ng e; as p e r ou r s ub j e cti v e p e r s p ec t i v e. S E L F D E V EL O P M E N T T h e s ta g e s o f s e l f d e v el o p m e n t, s el f b l o ss o m i n g o r s e l f r ealizati o n v a r y in t h eir d etai l s fr o m i nd i v i du al to i nd i v i du al. F u r t h e r ; t h ey a r e no t cl e a r l y d e f i n ed a n d h e n ce m o s t o f u s s u ff er f r o m c o n f u s i on , d il e mm a s, c o n f lic t s, d i s ill u s i o n m e n t , d i s g r un tl e m e n t o r d e l u s i on s . S o m et i m e s we f eel h el p less a n d s o m e ti m e s w e f eel e l at e d . W e f e e l h el p l e s s b eca u s e we d o no t kno w ho w m u ch we h a v e p r og r e s s e d ; a n d ela t ed b eca u s e we d o no t kno w ho w m u ch w e h a v e y et to p r og r es s ! T h e s p an o f t h e p r o cess o f se l f r eali z ati o n r ough ly s p r e a d s fr o m t h e i n e xp lica b le a n d i nd e s c r i b a b le r e s tl e s s n e ss to t h e i nd e s c r i b a b le “ e xp e r i e n ce” o f i m m o r tali t y . Ma n y acti v iti e s a n d tec hn i qu es a r e d e s c r i b ed f o r s el f r e alizati on . T h e y a r e c a lled S A DH A NA in Sa n s k r it, M a r at h i, Hi nd i a n d m a n y I nd ian la ngu a g e s . N A M A SM A R A N i s on e o f t h e s i m p l e s t o f s u ch acti v iti e s ; a n d s p r ea d s ov er t h e e n ti r e l i f e. I t i s al s o c a lled N A M A SADH A NA. T h e o t h er w o r d s ; m o r e o r l e s s s y non y m o u s with N A MA SM A R AN; a r e JAP, J A A P, S I MA R A N , S U M I R A N, J I K R A a n d r e m e m b r a n ce o f G o d o r t r u e s e l f .

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T o ov e r c o m e t h e bou ts o f ill u s o r y h e l p les s n ess a n d d ec e p ti v e ela t i on ; we ough t to r ec ogn ize with g r eat e r c l a r i t y ; t h e s ub tler a s p ect s ; i nh e r e n t to t h e g r o ss s ta g e s v i z. B A D DH A , M U MUK S HU, SA DH AKA a n d S I DD H A; o f se l f r ealizati on . T hu s ; all t h ese s t a g es a r e no t act u al l y w a ter ti gh t c o m p a r t m e n t s . W e b e g in with t h e s ta g e o f B A D DH A , w h ich m ea n s c o m p l etely gov e r n ed b y ou r bod y a n d i n s ti n c t s . T h e r e i s n o d i s c on te n t w h a t s o e v e r ! T h e r e i s a l m o s t a u t o m at i c a n d r e f le x i v e b e h a v i o r . B u t act u al l y b e i n g h u m an b ei ng s ; t h e r e i s s o m e w h e r e in t h e d e ep s ub c on s ci ou s m i nd ; p r op e n s ity ( o f w h ich w e a r e u n awa r e) t o wa r d s t h e r eal i zati o n o f t r u e se l f . As we b e g in in ou r c h il dhood ; t h e p r actice s o m e S A D H ANA ( I n I nd ia t h is i s a p a r t o f w h at i s called SAN S K A R a n d i n cl ud es acti v ities c ondu ci v e to g r o w th o f c on s ci ou s n e s s ; s u ch a s g etti n g u p at o r b e f o r e s un r i s e, clea n i n g m ou t h , teet h , a n s w e r i n g call o f n at u r e , ta k i n g b at h , s al u ti n g p a r e n t s , r e citi n g hy m n s , p r a n a y a m a, e x e r c i s e s u ch as SU R YA N AM AS K A R et c ); w e d e v el o p p r e f e r e n c e s. W e s t a r t a pp r eciati n g “ good ” a n d “ b a d ”. W e li v e in t h e w o r ld o f f a n t a sy a n d b eli e f t h at “ goo d w i n s ” a n d “ b ad l o s e s ”. B u t s till; t h e r e i s p e r e nn ial c o n f lict o f “ good ” a n d “ b a d ” wit h in u s ; t h r oug h ou t ou r c h il dho o d ; b eca u s e o f t h e c h il d i s h r eact i on s bo r n ou t o f i n s ti n c t s o f s u r v i v a l, h a b itat, h e r d f o r m a ti on , hung e r , t h i r s t etc; a n d e m o ti on s s u ch a s b ei n g p a m p e r ed a n d ca r ed f o r . He n ce t h e r e a r e “ m i n i wa r s ” f o r t r i v ial r e a s on s! All t h e s e s t a g es m a y b e called B ADD H A. W ith t h e a dv e n t o f a do le s ce n ce a s s o c iated with s u r g e o f ho r m on e s ; t h e r e is e m e r g e n ce o f n e w i d eal i s tic u t op ia a n d as s e r t i o n o f e g o a n d s e x ; b e s i d e s t h e o t h er i n s ti n cts. T h ese m a y m a n i f e s t a s i m p u l s i v e c h a r ita b le a nd / o r r e b elli ou s b e h a v i o r , po etic e m o ti on al up s u r g e s , r o m a n ce with oppo s ite s e x , ic ono cla s tic a r r og a n ce; a n d s o on . T h is s t a g e m a r k s t h e b e g i nn i n g o f M U MUK S HU. T h i s w o rd m ea n s t h e d i s t u r b i n g 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 .

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c on s ci ou s n e ss o r a wa r e n e ss a bou t t h e d e f icie n c y o r vo id wit h i n ! T h e s e a r ch o f “t h e r oo t ca u s e o f t h i s d ist u r b i n g vo i d ” b e g i n s ! T h e i nd i v i du al go e s a cti v ely a n d e n t hu s i a s tical l y ; t h r oug h t h e t r ia l s a n d e rr o r s o f v a r i ou s c h a r ita b le, r e b elli ou s , r o m a n tic a n d u t op ian s p r e e s! He o r s h e m e e t s with se v e r al “ s u cc e s s e s ” o r “ f ail u r es” a n d k ee p s g etti n g e x cited a n d d e p r es s e d . De p e nd i n g o n t h e ci r c u m sta n c e s, on e m a y p a ss t h r oug h e p i s od es o f e rr o r s , m i s t a k es, b l und e r s , c r i m e s ; to e f f o r t s t o w a r d s , i n t e n s e s t udy , ph ila n t h r op y , s o ci a l acti v i s m a n d un u s u al nob le d ee d s. B u t g r a du al l y t h e s ta g e b ec o m e s m a r k ed b y se v e r e d i ssatis f acti o n a n d r e s t les s n e s s . I t i s at t h is j un ct u r e o f u tter h el p l e s s n es s ; t h at on e c o m e s ac r o ss an as s u r a n ce, s o lace, gu i d a n ce, m o r ale boo s te r , e m po w e r m e n t t h at b e g i n s to f ill t h e vo id i n s i d e. T h i s h elp is u s u al l y cal le d d i v i n e h elp b y t h e t h ei s t s. O n e m a y call it a n y t h i ng . B u t it c o m e s. T h e s ou r c e o f t h i s h e l p in h u m an f o r m o r ta ng i b le do ct r i n e o r c on c r ete gu i d a n ce is r ec ogn ized as SADG U R U. T h e u n s een a n d a b s t r act n at u r e o f S A DG U R U i s i nd e s c r i b a b le. S A DG U R U m e a n s t h e m a s t er w h o e n a b les u s to r eali z e t h e t r u e s e l f o r t r u t h . I t i s esse n tial to und e r s ta nd ; t h at e v en t houg h t h e a pp a r e n t w a y s o f t h e d i ff e r e n t d i v i n e m a ste r s ; m a y v a r y with r e s p ect to t h e d etail s ; t h eir es s e n tial r o le i s t h e s a m e; a n d t h at i s to e n a b le t h e d i s ci p le to r ealize t h e t r u e s e l f ! T h is m a r k s t h e b e g i nn i n g o f t h e s ta g e o f SADH A KA. T h e i nd i v i du al b e g i n s to f eel litt l e b it bu t s u r e l y ; “ at ho m e ” in t h e gu i d a n ce o f t h e S ADG U R U . T h e i nn er p r og r ess ta k e s f u r t h er m o m e n t u m . T h e i n tellect u al cl a r i f i c a t i on s o f s e v e r al qu e s ti on s b e g in to s p r i n g fr o m wit h i n . T h e buo y a n c y a n d t h e s p i r it o f s h a r i n g i n c r ea s e s. T h e r e i s ca nd id a n d o f ten gu lli b le e x p r es s i o n o f t h e e xp e r ie n c e s a n d c o m p r e h e n s i o n ; o f w h at i s p e r cei v ed as “t r u t h ”. T h is m a y a l s o b e in t h e f o r m b e n e vo le n t c r eati v ity in m u s ic, p ai n ti ng s , po et r y , li t e r at u r e; a n d e v en i nnov ati o n s i n i ndu s t ry , t r a d e , a g r ic u lt u r e etc. 6 . 7 . 8 .

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9 . T h e r e i s p r e pond e r a n ce o f f eeli ng s o v er i n s ti n cts. T hu s ; we te n d to “ g i v e”; e v en i f w e a r e hung r y o r t h i r st y ! W e g et i nvo l v ed in m a n y ph ila n t h r op ic o r r e vo l u ti on a r y acti v ities o r bo t h ; bu t less i m pu l s i v e l y a n d m o r e a cc u r ate l y ; t h an p r e v i ou s l y . 10 . G r a du ally t h is s t a g e b ec o m e s m a r k ed b y p r e pond e r a n ce o f t h i nk i n g (V I V E K) ov er f eeli ng s. T h u s we b ec o m e w i s er . W e b ec o m e m o r e a wa r e o f ou r d r aw b ac k s o r w ea kn e ss e s a n d b e g in to s ee t h e p r e s e n ce o f e v il d e ep i n s i d e; a n d no t m e r e ly ou t s i d e. W e b e g in to s ee t h e ub i qu it o u s n at u r e o f t h e ob s tac l es in t h e p r o cess o f r e al i zati o n o f t ru e s e l f ! T h e u t op ia o f g l ob al we l f a r e; o n t h e on e h a nd ; a n d t h e b liss o f se l f r ealizati on ; o n t h e o t h e r ; b e g i n s to a p p ear f a r m o r e d i ff i c u lt a n d v a s t; t h an ou r ea r lier p e r ce p ti on . T h is is u s u ally a s s o ciated w i th ou r c on ce p t u al b l o ss o m i n g i n to ho l i s tic on e. G r a du ally ou r i d eas a bou t e v e r y walk o f l i f e b ec o m e m o r e ho li s tic a n d m o r e c ondu ci v e to s e l f r ealizati on . A s we p r og r es s ; w e b ec o m e m o r e a n d m o r e ob j ecti v e in te r m s o f e xp e r ie n c e o f i nn ate un ity w ith e n ti r e un i v e r s e a n d t h e r e b y c on ce p ti o n o f t h e p e r s p ect iv e, po licie s , p la n s, p r og r a m s a n d t h eir i m p le m e n t a ti o n o f un i v e r s al b e n e vo le n ce. I t is obv i ou s t h at t h e n at u r e o f t h is p r o c e ss i s no t un i f o r m a n d s a m e. I t v a r ie s with a g e , s e x , o cc up ati on , ph y s ical c ond iti o n s a n d s o on . B u t; a s a r e s u lt o f ou r ho li s tic b l o ss o m i ng ; ou r a gg r es s i v e n e ss s o m e w h at d i m i n i s h es. W e b ec o m e m o r e c on s i d e r ate a bou t ou r s el v e s a n d o t h e r s. T h i s m a y b e p e r cei v ed a s m e ll o wi ng . B u t ac t u all y ; we d e v el o p g r eater c onv icti o n in w h at we t h i nk , f e el a n d do . T h is m a y b e called c ou r a g e o f c onv icti o n o r D H R U T I o r DH A R ANA; a n d is a s s o cia t ed wi t h ; ze s t f u l a r t ic u lat i o n o f ho li s t ic e du cati on , ho li s tic m e d ici n e, ho l i s tic h ealt h , a n d ho li s tic s o l u ti on s to un i v e r s al s t re ss o r s ; s u ch a s g l ob al wa r m i ng , g l ob al r ec e s s i on , c h ild la bo r , acci d e n t s e t c. I n s i m p le w o r d s ; t h e d e g r ee o f c o m p lai n i n g is i n c r e a s i ng ly r e p la c ed b y d y n a m ic r e v elati on s a n d acti o n s !

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11 . T h e s e e f f o r t s ho w e v e r ; a r e no t m et w i th p r o j ected r e s u l t s. He n ce t h e r e i s a d eep s e n s e o f d e s p ai r . 12 . I n c o n t r a s t ; the i l l u s i o n s a nd d el u s i o ns o f q uick s h o rt c uts to c o n q ue s t o f ; S HA D R I P US a nd o r S I D D H I / su p e r n a t u r a l e xp e r ienc e s; in a b s e nce o f h o l i s t i c pe r s p ec t i v e, p o licie s , pl a n s , pr og r a m s; a nd t heir i mpl e m e n t a t i o n; a r e d r agg ed in hy po c r it i c a l a n d d eceit f ul b eh a vi o r , a r e a s s o ci a ted w ith a m a s s i ng w e a lt h ; a lth o u g h w ith d e g ene r a tive a nd d e s t r uctive e f f ec t s o n s e l f a nd s o ciet y . 13 . G r a du ally we g et fr eed fr o m t h e atta c h m e n t o f ; w h at we c on s i d e r ed h it h e r t o ; as “ ou r ” o r “t h ei r ” c on ce p ts, i d e a s , c r eati v it y , m i ssi on ; a n d s u cc e s s e s a n d f ail u r e s . W e r eali z e t h at it i s t h e “ d i v i n e o r c o s m i c wil l ” w h i c h g ets e xp r e s s ed t h r oug h a pp r op r iately t h r oug h “ u s ” a n d “ t h e m ”. W e b e g in to a pp r eciate t h e s c op e a n d l i m i t ati on s o f “ ou r ” a n d “ t h ei r ” r o le a n d acc o m p l i s h m e n t s . T hu s ou r bu r d en b e g i n s to d ec r e a s e. 14 . O u r i nd i v i du al w h i m s a n d f a n ci e s a n d i d i o s y n c r a s i e s g o o n d i s a pp ea r i n g a n d we b e g in to b e m o r e a n d m o r e t o le ra n t t o wa r d s t h e n ee d s , li k e s a n d d i s li k e s o f o t h e r s. W e b ec o m e m o r e a n d m o r e c onv i n ced t h at t h e boun ty o f S AD HA NA w ou ld h elp “ u s ” as well a s “ t h e m ”! He n ce we g et f i r m l y f o c u s ed o n t h e p r a c tice o f SADH A NA; lea v i n g a s i d e t h e o t h er t h i ng s ; s u ch a s ou r i nd i v i du ali s t i c a n d s u b j ecti v e d e s i r e s a n d d r e a m s ; w h et h er m ean o r nob le! 15 . T h e h a pp i n ess b e g i n s to g r o w m o r e a n d m o r e i nd e p e nd e n t o f a n d i rr e s p ecti v e o f e v e ry t h i n g e l s e. At t h i s s ta g e we h a v e r e a c h ed t h e doo r o f s e l f r e alizati o n t h e s ta g e o f S I DDH A , w h ich is b e y on d w o r d s . 16 . T h e S I DDH A’ s l if e is c h a r a cte r i z ed b y “ b ei n g c onn ected with t r u e s e l f c on ti nuou s l y ” a n d m a n i f e s t s b e n e vo le n tly to t h e un i v e r s e b y v i r t u e o f i n s p i r i n g a n d e m po w e r i n g gu i d a n ce; i n ; s een a n d un s een wa y s ; in m a r c h i n g t h r oug h t h e a bov e d e s c r i b ed s ta g e s.

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17 . O f c ou r s e; t h e r e ar e e x ce p ti on s to t h i s g e n e r al c ou r s e o f p r og r es s . T h e e s o te r ic a n d m y s tical i n t r icaci e s i nvo l v ed t h e r e; a r e b e y on d t h e s c op e o f t h i s s m all a r ticle a n d b e y on d m y r eac h ! SC O P E O F N A M AS M ARAN I n t h e lite r at u r e o f s ai n t s a n d p r oph ets t h e r e i s p le n t y o f a d m i r ati o n o f NAM A SM A R AN as a w a y to li b e r at i o n a nd / o r e m a n ci p ati on . B u t w h et h er we t o tally d i s b elie v e o r b elie v e in t h e s ai n t s a n d t h e p r oph et s ; we n eed no t d e s i s t ou r sel v e s ; fr o m a s k i n g t h e qu e s ti on : I f NAM A SM A R AN is a p a n acea; w h y a r e b illi on s ; m a n y o f w h o m a r e f o ll o w er s o f N AM ASM A R AN; s u ff e r i n g m i s e r a b l y ? Ma n y o f u s a r e t e m p t ed to e xp lain t h is o n t h e b a s i s o f p a s t d ee d s ; w h ich i nd i r ectly s ugg e s t s t h at N A MA S M A R A N ca nno t p u r i f y u s o f ou r p a s t d ee d s . I t i s li k e att r i bu ti n g l i m itati o n s to NA M AS M AR A N. R ati on ally s p ea k i ng ; it i s a gu ess w o r k . I n m y v iew; N AM ASM A R AN i s a p a n acea t od a y ; ( i f no t in t h e p a s t ) du e to t h e e n li gh te n i n g a n d e m po we r i n g bo u n ty o f t h e p e n a n ce o f t hou s a nd s o f s ai n t s in t h e p a s t . T od a y ; it can c h a s t i s e u s ; as well a s pu r i f y u s fr o m ou r p a s t m i s d ee d s. F o r t h i s ; at le a s t a l a r g e p r opo r ti o n o f p e op le; if no t all; n eed to p r actice N A MA S M A R AN a n d b e o r ie n ted to t h eir t r u e s el v e s. T h is i s s i m i l ar to t h e ph e n o m e no n o f an o r c h e s t r ati on , w h e r e m o s t i n s t r u m e n t al i s ts a n d t h e vo cali s t s a r e r e qu i r ed to b e o r i e n ted to t h e m u s i cian f o r d e s i r e d h a r m on y , m e l od y a n d r h y t h m ! Act u ally w h en we g et o r ie n ted to ou r t r u e s el v e s ; we b e g in to g et f r e ed fr o m t h e s h ac k l e s o f t h e s t r a ngl e ho ld o f ou r p a s si on s , l u s t, d e s i r e s , i d e a s , b eli e f s, no ti on s , d og m as a n d s o on , w h ich a r e o f ten pu r s u ed at t h e c o s t o f o t h e r s. W e b e g i n to b e m o r e ob j e c ti v e a n d h e n ce l e s s p r e j ud ice d , l e ss

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b ia s e d , l ess g r udg e d , less i nd i v i du ali s tic, l e ss s e cta r ia n , l ess f r a g m e n te d , less p et t y a n d s o o n . I n v iew o f t h i s ; it i s c l ear t h at; N AM ASM A R AN i s a s s o ciated with ov e r all g r o wth a n d d e v el o p m e n t o f a n i nd i v i du al a n d t h e s o ci e t y . J u s t a s we ca nno t p i npo i n t t h e b e n e f icial e ff e cts o f g r o wth o n e v e r y m o lec u le o f bod y ; w h en t h e w ho le bod y is g r o wi ng ; s i m ila r l y ; we ca nno t a n s wer t h e qu e s ti o n o f i nd i v i d u al f o r t un e o r f ate; to p r ov e o r d i s p r o v e t h e b e n e vo le n ce o f N AMA S M A R A N! I t h as to b e no ted t h at e v en du r i n g g r o wt h ; t h e r e a r e m i lli on s o f cel l s, w h ich a r e d i s e a s e d , d e g e n e r ate d , at r oph ied a n d d e s t r o y e d . I t i s a l m o s t u np r e d icta b le to kno w w h ich cel l s w ou ld li v e a n d w h ich w ou ld d ie! F u r t h e r m o r e; t h e t i m e o f o n s et a n d t h e du r ati o n a n d t h e e n d o f g r o wth f o r e v e r y c ell i s d i ff e re n t, s p ec i f ic a n d unp r e d icta b le. He n ce we n eed no t g et d et r acte d , d i s t u r b e d , d i s h ea r t e n e d , d e p r es s ed o r d e s ta b ilize d ; b y s u ch d e s ta b ilizi n g qu e s ti on s , r elated to i nd i v i d u al f o r t un e o r f a t e; bo r n ou t o f s up e r f i cia l ity a n d p etti n e ss o f ou r m i nd s. NAM A SM A R AN is t h e w a y ; t h e un i v e r s al w a y ; a n d t h e m o s t f e a s i b le wa y ; e v en i f we ar e N O T t r a n s f o r m e d i n to an e n li gh te n ed s ou l; ov e r n i gh t; a n d e v e n if we d o no t s ee (t h r oug h o u r s u b j e c ti v e f r a m e s o f ou r m i nd s ) t h e e x p ected o r a n tici p at e d r e s u l t s ; in o u r l i f e a n d t h e l i f e o f m a nk i nd . W h et h er we a r e g o od , b ad o r ug l y ; a n d b elie v e r s o r non - b elie v e r s ; we s till h a v e t h e go l d en oppo r t u n ity to p r actice N A M AS M A R AN a n d b e a h a pp y p a r tici p a n t o f t h e p r o c e ss o f s up e r li v i n g o r ho li s tic r e n a i s s a n ce i .e. i nd i v i du al a n d u n i v e r s al b l o s s o m i ng . D O U B T S A B O U T N A M A S M AR AN I n r i g id a n d unqu es ti on i n g bod y c on sci ou s n es s ; we c an b e call ou s a n d ob li v i ou s to t h e p ain o f o t h e r s. W e c a n b e “ h a pp y ” a n d “ s t o ic” a n d f r ee

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o f doub t s ; w h et h er we p r a ctice N AM ASM A R AN o r no t; till; we ou r s el v e s a r e no t i n f lic t e d ; o r a r e in t r i bu lati on s . D oub ts a bou t N A MA S M A R AN c re ep in m i nd ; b eca u se o f t h e a gon ies o f t h e bu r n i n g p r ob l e m s o f t h e p e op le; at g l ob al to l o cal le v el s ; in a s m u ch a s t h e doub ts s pu r t b y ou r phy sical p ai n s, f i n a n ci a l c r i s i s , a n d h u m iliati o n in p e r s on al li f e. T h e r e is n o d i s a g r e e m e n t a n d n o d e n ial; t h at t h is i s du e to t h e b od y c on s ci ou s n e s s . B u t doub ts c r eep i n ou r m i nd ; du e to s e n s iti v e a n d i n qu i s iti v e bod y c on s ci ou s n e s s ; m a n i f e s ti n g i n to ou r g e nu i n e c on ce r n ; f o r t h e s u f f e r i n g o f n o t on ly ou r s el v e s ; bu t t h e o t h e r s. D oub ts c r e ep a bou t t h e s ect a r ian a n d p iec e m eal a pp r o a c h es a n d po lici e s ; r e vo l v i n g a r oun d p etty p e r s p e c ti v es, t hou g h ts a n d v e s ted i n te r e s t s ; in v a r i ou s ( po litica l , s o cial, ec on o m ic, m e d ical, i ndu s t r ia l , a g r ic u lt u r a l , e du cati on al a n d e v en ‘r eli g i ou s a n d s p i r it u al ’ ) f iel d s , w h ich p r ov e i n e ff ecti v e a n d le a d to e v e ry on e ’ s d e t r i m e n t. S o m e s a y t h at N A MA S M A R AN i s m e a n t f o r m e r e ‘ s e lf r e alizati on ’ a n d no t f o r s o c i al r e vo l u ti o n . He r e t h e r e i s an e r r o r o f o m i s s i o n o f re s t o f t h e univ e r s e; o t h er t h a n an i nd i v i du al! H o w can t h e r e b e “ t r u e s e l f ”, w h ich i n cl ud es e v e r y t h i n g in un i v e r s e; b y o m i ssi o n o f t h e o t h e rs ? H o w can m e r g i n g in N A M A SM A R A N c o m p l e tely i .e. r eal i zi n g t h e “ t r u e s e l f ” b e wit hou t its i n te g r al c o m pon e n t t h e un i v e r s e a n d s o c i ety t h e r ei n ? He n ce; t h e r e ca nno t b e a n y i nd i v i du al li b e r a t i o n , wit hou t an act u al i m p act; t h e d etails o f w h ich m ay v a r y ; in p e r s on al a n d s o cial l i f e . All t h e i d e a s a n d p u r s u i t s o f “ p er s on al” li b e r ati on ; wit h o u t c h a ng es in t h e i n te r n al a n d e x te r n al e nv i r o n m e n t ; a r e d e ce p ti v e, p e t ty a n d act u al l y c oun te r p r odu cti v e. B u t t h e “ f e eli n g o f p e r s on al li b e r ati o n ” e v en in a b s e n ce o f s u ch c h a ng e s ; i s po s s i b l e ! T h e c on ce r n ed i nd i v i du al h i m s e l f o r h e r s e l f ; h as to d eci d e; w h et h er h e / s h e i s ; o n t h e way o f l i b e r ati o n o r

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act u ally li b e r ate d ; o r is call ou s a n d in s e l f d ece p ti on . Us u ally a se l f d ece p ti o n is e xpo sed in t h e c ou r s e o f t i m e as a ca s e o f f r a ud , w h e r e t h e i nd i v i du al m e r ely a m a s s e s wealth a n d s ho r t l a s ti n g s w a y o n pub lic m i n d , wit hou t a n y l on g la s ti n g b e n e vo le n ce f o r t h e o t h e r s ! NAM A SM A R AN, is i n s e p a r a b le fr o m g l ob ally b e n e f i c ial p e r s p ecti v e, po licie s , p la n s a n d p r og r a m s, to b e e vo l v ed b y t h e lea d e r s in d i ff e r e n t f i el d s, a n d t h eir m etic u l ou s i m p l e m e n tati o n b y t h e m a s s e s ; a n d t h e r e b y ; t h e s u cc e ss f u l i nd i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i n g in a ct u al d ay to d a y li f e. W e ca nno t b e h a pp y a n d f u l f illed f r o m a n y t h i n g e l se; o t h er t h an s e l f r ealizati on , t h at i s fr ee d o m fr o m t h e ov e r w h e l m i n g i m p act o f bod y c on s ci ou s n e s s . T h is i s t r u e li b e r ati o n o r M uk ti o r N i r v a n a; a n d is c oup led with un i v e r s a lly b e n e f icial c u m u l ati v e w i s d o m ; in t h e f o r m o f po licies a n d t h eir a ct u al i m p l e m e n tat i o n in all t h e f iel d s o f li f e. NAM A SM A R AN, is a f und a m e n t al a n d un i v e r s al s o l u ti o n ( o t h er s o l u ti on s b ei n g a d j uv a n t) f o r t h e p e r c e p ti b le t r a n s i t i o n f r o m i n d i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al p r ob l e m s; to i nd i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i ng . All t h is can b e d i s p r ov ed b y t h eir o w n e x a m p le s ; i f t h e “ s e l f r ealized” p e op le, h a v i n g no t h i n g to d o a b o u t t h e s o ci e ty a n d h a v e n o i n f l u e n ce o n t h e s o cie t y w h at s o e v e r ; b r i n g f o r th o t h er e v i d e n ces o f t h eir s e l f r ealizati on ! GL I M P S E S O F G O ND A V LE : TH E I NF I N I T E S O U RC E O F E M A NC I P A T I N G SP I R IT I n t h e I nd ia, t h e r e i s s ta t e cal l ed Ma h a r a s h t r a. T h i s s tate i s f a m o u s f o r m a n y m e r it o r i ou s c h a r acte r i s t ic s . T h e m o s t ou tsta nd i n g o f w h ic h , i s t h e g ala x y o f i nd i v i du als w h o h ad r eali z ed ( no t m e r e l y und e r st oo d o r kno w n ) t h e t r u th a n d i m p a r ted it to t h e m a nk i nd . T r u th r ealizati o n i s A T M A P R A C H I T I (t h e w o r d s e l f r ea l izati o n do es no t c o nv ey t h e e x act

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c on te n t o f t h e w o r d AT M A P R A C HI TI b eca u s e t h e w o r d ‘ s el f ’ i s as s o ciated with i nd i v i du al p e r s on alit y , i d e n tity a n d is i n t r icate l y m i ng led with e go ; a n d h e n ce it do es no t c onv ey t h e e s s e n ce o f t h e w o r d A T M AN. ( T he r e a d e rs s h o uld k indly N OT E t h a t t he w o r d s ; sel f , t rue self a re u s ed t o m e a n A T M AN a nd t he w o rd “ s elf r e a li z a t i o n” is used t o m e a n A T M A PR AC H I T I ; in t h i s b oo k .) Tr u th r eal i zed i nd i v i du als a r e no t m e r e e r ud ite o r at o r s , w h o p r eac h , p e r f o r m s o called m i r a cl e s , o r m e r e l y d o ph ila n t h r op ic w o r k ! T h e y r e v i v e u s fr o m t h e s t up e fy i n g dung e o n o f m o r tal s ub j e ct i v e r e a l m ; i n to i m m o r tal o b j ecti v e c on s ci ou s n e s s . T hu s in Ma h a r a s h t r a, t h e r e h a v e b een t r u th r eal i zed i nd i v i du als s u ch a s Ni v r u tti, D n y a n e s h v a r , S op a n , M uk ata b ai, N a m a d e v a, E kn at h , R a m a d a s , T uk a r a m a n d m a n y o t h e r s ; a n d in 1 9 th a n d 20 th ce n t u r y A kk al ko t Sw a m i , Sai b a b a , G a j a n an Ma h a r a j a n d m a n y o t h e r s. O n e o f t h e s e t r u th r ealized i nd i v i du als w a s S h r i B r a h m a c h aita n y a G ond a v ale k ar Ma h a r a j. G ond a v ale k ar M a h a r aj ( 1845 - 1913 ); h ad c o m e in c on tact with S h r i Sai b a b a, A kk al ko t Sw a m i , V a s ud ev B ala v a n t P h a dk e, L ok a m a n y a T i l ak a n d al s o Na n a s a h e b Pe s h a v e ( B i og r a ph y o f G ond a v ale k ar M a h a r a j, b y K.V. B e l s a r e ). He e x te n s i v ely t ou r ed I nd ia t h r ee t i m e s ; a n d r e s t o f t h e li f e h e li v ed in G ond a v al e . H i s l i f e e x e m p l i f i e s ho w a t r u th r ealized i nd i v i du al ’ s c on s c i ou s n ess i s on e wi t h t h e c o s m ic c o n s c i ou s n ess a n d b e n e vo le n t to un i v e r se. G ond a v ale is f u ll o f d aily acti v iti e s ( c ondu ci v e to i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ) called N I T YO P ASA N A ( n it y a = on e w h ich c on ti nu es un i n te rr up te d ; a n d up a s a n a m ea n s g e t ti n g n ea r er to G o d o r a b s o l u te

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t r u t h ). Pe op le i n t er e s ted in t r u th r eal i zati o n a nd / o r g l o b al we l f a r e; v i s it G ond a v al e , u s u al l y s t a y h e r e a n d p a r tici p ate in N IT YO PASA N A . T h ey li v e h e r e a n d d o c l ea n i ng , c ook i n g f ood , s e r v i n g f ood , se r v i n g c o ws etc. Ma n y c o m e h e r e a n d s e r v e t h e p atie n ts in a c o m p l e t ely c h a r ita b le ho s p ital h e r e. Ma n y l oo k a f t e r t h e s a l e o f t h e book s . I n s ho r t; t hou s a nd s o f p e op le a r e i nvo l v ed in s e v e r al s e r v ice s ; r e qu i r ed to h o s t in d i s ci p li n e d , d i gn i f i ed a n d d ece n t m a n n e r ; t hou s a nd s o f t r u th s ee k er s c o m i n g a n d s t a y i n g h e r e e v e r y d a y . T hu s t hou s a nd s o f p e op le a r e i nvo l v ed in v a r i o u s wa y s ; in t h e M A HA Y AJNY A , S A MAS H T I YO G A o r M E GA P R O C E SS o f G L O B A L B L OSS O M I NG go i n g o n h e r e f o r la s t on e a n d a h a l f ce n t u r ies! I a m t e m p t ed to call t h is a M E GA UN I VE R S I T Y OF I M M O R T A L IT Y s ho wi n g a n d e n a b li n g u s to t r e ad t h e p ath o f u lt i m a t e f u l f il l m e n t v iz. i nd i v i d u al a n d g l o b al b l o s s o m i n g in li f e. T h e f oo d a n d s t a y f o r s p ec i f ic p e r i o d o f ti m e a r e k e p t fr e e o f c o s t a s an e xp r es s i o n o f s up re m e l y b e n e vo le n t s up er t r a n sacti o n ; b e y on d m e r c e n a r y , c o m m e r cial, p r o f e s s i on al a n d ph ila n t h r op ic c on ce p t s ! T h is i s an ete r n al s p r i n g a n d s t r e a m o f t h e a m b r o s i a t h at c a nno t b e c on cei v e d , g a ug e d , e v al u ate d , cate go r ized o r d esc r i b ed b y e v en a h i gh ly e r ud ite a n d c r eati v e li ngu i s t . T h e m o s t i m po r ta n t a n d c on s p ic uou s a s p ect o f G ond a v ale i s t h e i n ces s a n t p r a ctice o f N A MA S M A R AN! M o st o f u s , w h o v i s it G ond a v ale; b ec o m e i n c r e a s i ng ly i nvo l v ed in t h e p r actice a n d p r o m o ti o n o f t h e un i v e r s al l y b e n e vo le n t m e g a p r o ces s ; N A MA SM A R AN! G ond a v ale is n e a r p laces s u ch a s Da h i v a d i, P u s e g a on , K o r e g a on , Sata r a , P h alta n , Vit a , T a s g a o n etc. a n d a bou t 6 0 to 9 0 k m fr o m Pa ndh a r pu r , P un e, Sa ng li, M i r a j , a n d Ma h a b al e s h v ar etc. F r o m M u m b ai, P a nv el, Va s h i, N e w M u m b ai, L on avala a n d T h a n e; on e can d r i v e to G ond a v ale

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in 5 to 7 hou r s b y e xp r ess h i gh wa y . A dd r ess & P hon e S h r i Sa dgu r u B r a h m a c h aita n y a Ma h a r a j G ond a v ale k ar C h aita n y op a s a n a (Sa n s t h a n ) At & P . O. G ond a v ale ( B ud r uk ), T al u k a: Ma n , D i s t r ict: Sata r a Pin c od e: 41 5 540 ; P hon e: 02 1 6 5 - 25 8 29 2 O B S T A C L E S I N NA M A S M A R AN O n e o f t h e ob s t ac l es i s d e p r e s s i o n du e to c on ti nuou s b o m b a r d m e n t o f e v e n ts in t h e s u r r ound i n g s ; f u ll o f p e t ty s u cc e s s e s a n d f a il u r es ( a s d e p icted in p r i n t a n d elect r on ic m e d i a). B eca u s e o f t h i s bo m b a r d m e n t a n d f e eli n g o f h el p l e s s n e s s ; on e te nd s to f eel t h at ti m e i s f l e eti n g wit hou t g i v i n g f u l f il l m e n t ! O n e f ee l s at l o s s ; f o r h a v i n g “ w a s te d ” t i m e in NA M AS M A R AN! T h i s p ai n f u l e xp e r ie n ce e r up ts fr o m wit h in li k e u n m a n a g ea b ly e x c r u c i ati n g p ai n ; in s p ite o f t h e c onv icti o n t h at NAMA S M A R AN h as to b e g i v en t h e t o p m o s t p r i o r i t y . T h e s ec on d ob s tac l e is t h at o f b ei n g h el p less ( i m po te n t) in te r m s o f b ei n g c onv i n ced o r c onvin ci n g o t h e r s a bou t NAMA SM A R AN. O n e f ee l s e v en m o r e h e l p les s ; t h at on e c a nno t c r eate i n t e r e s t, li k i n g o r p as s i o n in o t h e r s ; f o r N A MA S M A R AN! T h i s h el p l e ss n ess i s e v en m o r e w h en on e h as to f a ce p ai n f u l c r it i c i sm ( o f b ei n g i n acti v e) a n d h u m iliati o n ( o f b e i n g u s el e s s a n d p a r a s iti c ) fr o m t ho s e w h o a r e c o m p l e tely e n ta ng led in t h e pu r s u it o f p etty g ai n s . I n a dd iti on ; s i n ce NAM A SM A R AN m a k e s u s c on s i d er ate, w e te n d to ac c e p t t h e oppo s ite v iew po i n t s ; r at h er t o o po litely. T h is i s o f t en c on cei v ed b y o t h e r s ; a s i m po te n ce; w h ich m a k e s u s f e el m i s e r a b le.

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T h e t h i r d ob s ta c le is t h e e m e r g e n ce o f i n t r o s p e cti on ; o f ou r i n c r e a s i ng ly d ee p er l a y e r s . T h e p r actice o f N A M A SM A R A N b r i ng s t o s u r f ace ou r d r aw b ac k s fr o m t h e s ub c on s ci o u s a n d un c on s ci ou s la y e r s o f ou r b ei ng . T h e s e d r aw b ac k s , to w h ich we a r e h i t h e r to ob li v i ou s ; g i v e u s a f eeli n g t h at we a r e d et e r i o r ati n g du e to t h e p r actice o f N A MA S M A R A N ! T h is is t o o d i s h ea r te n i n g ! T h e f ou r th ob s t a c l e is t h e f l a r i n g o f a c on f l i ct. T h is c o n f lict; i s b etw e en t h e no ti on ; t h at NAMA S M A R A N e m bod i e s ; s p ec i f ic et h ical / m o r al p atte r n , pu r ita n ical b e h a v i o r , a s cetic i sm a n d i s al i e n ated fr o m t h e d ay to d ay p r ob l e m s o n t h e on e h a nd ; a n d r e vo l u ti on a r y f e r v o r a n d e p ic u r ean v al u es ali gn ed wi t h t h e m at e r ial l i f e; o n t h e o t h e r ! T h e c on f lict k ee p s o n n a gg i n g a n d m a k e s o n f e el gu ilty a bou t m i no r i ndu l g e n ces (in v iew o f s h a d -r i p u s ). B u t t h e r e i s no t h i n g to w o r r y a n d d es p ai r ! G u r u k ee p s o n r e v italizi n g a n d e m po w eri n g u s at a pp r op r iate t i m e s; to c on ti nu e v ict o r i ou s ly t h e g l ob ally b e n e vo le n t p r actice o f N A M ASM A R AN. W e g et an u n m i s ta k a b le e xp e r ie n ce o f b ei n g t r i u m ph a n t a n d h e n ce i n c r e a s i ng ly buo y a n t; in t h e c ou r s e o f t i m e; in s p i te o f t h e s e o b s tacl e s . NA M A S M A R AN V S NA M A V I S M ARAN NAMA i s a w o r d u s ed to i nd icate t r u e se l f ; i n s e p a r a b le fr o m t h e un i f y i n g un i v e r s al s e l f . H e n ce f o r g etti n g (V I S M A R A N ) ou r s el f (N A MA) o r b ei n g ob li v i ou s (V I S M A R A N) to ou r s el f (NAM A ) ; c an b e r e f e rr ed to a s N A MA V I S MA R AN. As we “ f o r g et” ou r t r u e s e l f (NA M A V I S MA R A N ), we b e g in to li v e as ou r ca r icat u r es. W e t h en g et s e g r e g a t ed i n to r ac e s , ph il o s oph ie s ,

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i d e o l og ie s , r eli g i o n s , c u lt u r e s, n ati on s , r e g i on s , f a m ili e s a n d i nd i v i du al s ! L atter we d e s c e n d f u r t h e r ; b y t h e do w n wa r d m o m e n t u m o f i nd i v i du alizati o n i n to p ettier a n d m e a n er l i f e ! T h is un i v e r s al p r o cess o f N A M A V I S M A R AN m a n i f e s t s in t h e f o r m o f i nd i v i du ali s tic a n d o f ten a n t i s o cial w h i m s, f a n ci e s , i d i o s y n c r a s i e s , d eli nqu e n cie s , p e r v e r s i on s, f a m i ly d i s pu tes, qu a r r els; a n d w o r l d wi d e s p ate o f a n t i s o cial acti v ities lea d i n g t o d is s i p ati on , d i s p e r si on , d i s r up ti on , d i s t o r t i on , d ec o m p o s iti on , d i s e a s e , d e g e n e r a t i o n a n d d e s t r u cti o n ; o f a n d i nd i v i du al a n d t h e m a nk i n d . Si n ce t h e r oo t o f t h e i nd i v i du al a n d u n i v e r s al p r ob l e m s l ies in t h e un i v e r s al p r o c e s s o f N A MA V I S M A R AN, the p a n acea o r t h e r a d ical m ea s u r e f o r a c o m p lete c u r e a n d p r e v e n ti o n o f t h e i nd i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al p r ob l e m s ; li e s in r e v e r s al o f t h e p r e v ale n t un i v e r sal p r o c e ss o f NAM A V I S M A R A N t h r oug h acti v e p r actice a n d p r o m o t i o n o f un i v e r s al p r o cess o f N A M A SM A R A N. NA M A S M A R AN AND F A M I L Y L I F E F a m ily li f e, Re a r i ng childre n , K in d ness NA M A S M A R AN AND F A M I L Y L I F E T h e h u m an b ei ng s as well as s e v e r al a n i m a l s a r e c h a r ac t e r ized b y g r oup s o f i nd i v i du als r ec o gn ized as a f a m i l y . I t i s t h e n at u r e ' s l a w a n d n at u r e ' s wi s d o m , w h ich h a s m a d e t h i s ph e no m e no n o f f a m i l y (c on s tit u ted b y ph y s ica l , i n s ti n ct u al, e m o ti on al, i n te l lect u al, s p i r it u al a n d ov e r all b i o l og ical c o m p l e m e n ta r i t y ) e m e r g e in t h e n at u r e. T hu s, it i s qu ite n at u r al t h at we f i n d it e x t r e m e l y b e a u ti f u l to s e e v a r i o u s a n i m a l s

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i nvo l v ed in p a r e n t al ca r e, j u s t a s we f i n d it v e r y p l e asa n t to s e e a h u m an m o t h e r l ov i n g h er b a b y . At p r e s e n t t h e i n s t i t u ti o n o f f a m i l y i s o n t h e v e r g e o f c o l la p s e, in m a n y p a r ts o f t h e w o r l d ; a n d t h ey a r e f u ll o f s t r e ss a n d s t r ain a s well a s s t r i f e a n d d i s i n te g r ati o n ; in t h e r e m ai n i n g w o r l d ! T hu s , t od a y t h e r e i s a s t r i k i n g no te o f d i s c o r d a n d fr icti o n a m ong s t m e m b er s o f a f a m i l y . Pa r tic u l a r l y ; t h e el d e r l y , h a nd ica p p e d , d i s e a s e d , v e r y y oun g on e s ; a n d o t h er d e p e nd e n t s ; h a v e to f ace a v e r y h a r d t i m e . T h e n at u r e o f d i s t u r b a n ces in f a m i l y m a y v a r y in d etai l s in p e op le with d i ff e r e n t b ac kg r ound s . H o we v e r , on e o f t h e c o m m o n f a ct o r s is d i s s at i s f ac t i o n r e s u lti n g ou t o f e xp ec t ati on s eit h er fr o m on e ' s o wn s e l f o r fr o m o t h e r s. T h is l ea d s to d e v el o p m e n t o f h a t r ed t o w a r d s o t h e r s o r p ity f o r on e s e l f . T hu s, t h e m e m b e r s o f t h e f a m i l y t e n d to b e v i o le n t eit h er to o t h e r s o r to t h e m s e l v e s . I n h u m an s o ciety t h e s e e xp ectati o n s h a v e ac qu i r ed t h e t itles a n d t h e s a n cti t y o f t h e t r a d iti on s , c onv e n ti on s , la w s a n d s u ch o t h er t h i ng s . H o we v e r , with i n c r e a s i n g c o m p le x ity in t h e s o cial d y n a m ic s a n d ec on o m ic r el a ti on s h i p s , t h e i n a dv e r t e n t acce p ta n c e ; a s well a s a r b it r a r y a n d i rr ati on al r e je c ti o n o f t h e t r a d iti o n s , c onv e n ti on s , la ws etc; h a v e l ed to e x t r e m e p s y c ho l og ical a n d h e n ce ov e r all un r e s t in t h e f a m ili e s a n d t h e s o cie t y . T h is vo lc a n ic un r e s t h a s led t o v a r i ou s c ri m e s s u ch as f etici d e, i n f a n tici d e a n d c h ild a bu s e. B e s i d e s t h e r e a r e i n ci d e n c e s o f tee n a g e m o t h er s (t h e hund r ed p e r ce n t s u cc e ss f u l sex e du cati o n in m a n y c oun t r ies h as no t r e du ced t h e i n ci d e n ce o f all t h e s e a s well a s t h at o f i n c o m p ati b le m ar r ia g e s o r d i vo r ces etc . ) e t c. I t h a s to b e a pp r eciated t h at s ex e du cati o n a n d m a t e r ial a bund a n ce h a v e c h a ng ed on ly t h e n at u r e o f p r ob l e m s f o r w o m e n , t h e b a s ic t yr a n n y r e m ai n i n g un a b ate d . M e r e sex e du cati o n a n d ec on o m ic g r o wth d o no t lead to p r o f und ity a n d b r o a d e n i n g o f m i n d . He n ce t h e y ca n n o t s o l v e p r ob l e m s s u ch a s v i o le n ce in d i ff e r e n t f o r m s, s u ch a s do w r y d ea t h s . Neit h er s t e r e o t y p ed r e v i v al no r s t e r e o t y p ed d e s t r u cti o n ( i m p licit in so called r e vo l u ti on s ) o f t h e

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t r a d iti on s a n d c onv e n ti on s; will s o l v e t h e c r i s e s t h at t h e f a m i l y s y st e m i s f aci n g w o r ld ov e r . T h is m ea n s t h e e sse n ce o f p a s t w i s d o m h a s to b e e x t r acted fr o m t h e t r a d iti on s a n d c onv e n ti on s a n d in ac c o r d a n ce with t h is e s s e n c e , t h e n a t u r e o f a pp r op r iate f a m ily r e l ati on s h i p s a n d t h e n at u r e o f c onv e n ti on s o f du ty t o wa r d s on e a no t h er h a v e to e m e r g e. T h e la w s h a v e to s p r i n g fr o m s u ch w i s d o m w i th du e c on s i d e r ati o n to t h e p ec u lia r iti e s o f t h e p r ese n t d ay c o m p l e x itie s . T hu s n eit h er f und a m e n ta l i s t a pp r o ac h ; no r t h e a pp r o ac h ; ou t to d e s t r o y t h e t r a d iti on s a n d i m p o s e a r b it r a r y r u l e s a n d la w s ; w ou ld w o r k . I t i s obv i ou s t h at h ealt h y e vo l u ti o n o f f a m ily l i f e can b e po ss i b le on ly b y ov e r c o m i n g t h e p etti n ess in p e r s p ect i v e, t hough ts a n d acti on s . T h is i s po ss i b le i f w e le ar n to r e f i n e a n d r ec t i f y ou r e xp ectati on s ( bo r n o u t o f t r a d iti on s a n d c onv e n ti on s ) a bou t ou r sel v es a n d t h e o t h e r s , with t h e h elp o f N A MA S M A R AN. T h is i s b eca u se N A MA S M A R A N op e n s ou r e y e s to s ee t h e i nn ate u n ity a n d h a r m o n y , t hu s f aci l itati n g t r i u m p h o n ou r e xp ectati on s . NAM A SM A R AN t hu s can l oo s en t h e i rr ati on al s t r a ng le ho ld o f t h e t r a d iti on s , c onv e n t i on s a n d la w s ; a s well a s t h e e xp ect a ti on s o n ou r m i n d s . T hu s f a m il ie s p r a c tici n g NAM A S M A R AN w ou ld n e v er all o w b itte r n e ss to c r eep in du e to do w r y d i s pu tes o r p etty t h i ng s s u ch a s i n a d e qu ate s c o r e in e x a m i n at i on s . N AM A SM A R A N w ou ld s u r ely h elp u s to ov e r po wer a n d t r a n s ce n d t h e m u t u al l y i n te r acti v e a n d s y n e r g i s tic g r o wth o f c o e r ci v e t r a d iti on s a n d ou r o wn e x p ectati on s . I n s i m p le w o r d s ; NAM A SM A R AN s h i f t s ou r atte n ti o n to t h e i nn ate c on ti nu ity a n d un it y , al r ea d y e x isti n g in ou r h ea r ts. N A MA SM A R A N e nh a n ces ou r awa r e n e ss o f t h e c o r e r eal i t y , t h e e t e r n al m el od y a n d t h e po wer t h at li n k s a n d gov e r n s all o f u s . T h is aw a r e n e ss a n d e xp e r ie n ce t h at s p r i ng s fr o m o r s p r i n g s t h r oug h t h e p r actice o f N A MA S M A R AN e ndo ws u s with c on s i d e r ate ou tl oo k o n t h e on e h a n d a n d t h e c ou r a g e to m a n i f e s t ou r t r u e s e l f o n t h e o t h er h a nd . T hu s un c ond iti on ed t o le r a n ce, a c ce p ta n ce, l ov e

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a n d r e s p ect a bou t on e a no t h er as we l l as t h e m o t i v ati o n to as s e r t g r o w t og et h e r . I n t h e p r e s e n t c on t e x t t h e m e m b e r s o f t h e f a m i l y s ee m t o h a v e l o s t t h i s awa r e n e s s . T h i s h a s led to hy s te r i cal p a m p e r i n g o f on e ' s w h i m s o n t h e on e h a n d a n d d e n i al o f t h e g e nu i n e n ee d s o f t h e o t h e r s o n t h e o t h er h a nd . T h is h a s a l s o led t o ob s es s i v e pu r s u i t s o f m a te r ial g ai n s at t h e c o s t o f o t h e rs ; a n d h u m il i ati o n a n d m ise r y a s a r e s u lt o f f ail u r e in s u ch ob s es s i v e pu r s u i t s . O n e can e asily see ho w t h is h a s go t t h e po te n tial to b la s t t h e h ar m on i ou s f a m i l y l i fe i n to p iece s . No r u les, r e gu lati on s o r a n y a r b it r a r y c od es o f c ondu c t ; b y t h e m s el v es a l on e; can s a v e a n d o r r e j uv e n ate t h e h u m an bond s w h ich a r e v ital to t h e v i b r a n t a n d j oy f u l f a m i l y li f e. N AM ASM A R N, ho we v er b y o r ie n ti n g ou r atte n ti o n a n d f i x i n g it o n t h e i n n er h a r m on y c an r e v italize a n d r e o r g a n ize t h e f a m i l y li f e in a b ea u t i f u l m a nn e r . NA M A S M A R AN AND R E A R ING O F C H I L D R E N T h e f u t u r e o f t h e c h il d r en is a m atter o f g r eat c on c e r n f o r p a r e n t s o r gu a r d ia n s . R e a r i n g t h e c h il d r en t h e r ef o r e i s an e x t re m e ly i m po r ta n t, c o m p l i cated a n d d i ff ic u lt p r ob l e m / c h alle ng e w h ich t od a y ' s p a r e n ts h a v e to f ace. Se v e r al qu e s ti on s ; s u ch a s “w h ich t oy s , f ood s , cl o t h es, t on ics et c . s hou ld b e g i v e n ? W h ich p r a y e r , w h ich la ngu a g e, w h ich h a b its, w h ich d i s ci p li n e s hou ld b e i n c ul cate d ? W h ich e x e r c i se, w h ich eti qu ette, w h ich m a nn e r s , w h ich b e h a v i o r s h ou ld b e e xp ecte d ? ” r e m ain b a ff li ng . T h is i s e s p ec i ally s o in t od a y ' s c o m p lex e nv i r o n m e n t w h e r ein t h e c h il d r e n , p a r e n t s a n d f o r t h at m att e r e v e r y on e o f u s is e xpo s ed to c on f l i cti n g a n d c on f u si n g i n f l u e n c e s fr o m c i n e m a, d r a m a , T V, R a d i o , N e w s p a p e r s , Ma g azi n e s a n d t r a v el. T h e r e i s a l w a y s an i n f e ct i ou s d il e m m a in t h e m i nd s o f p a r e n ts with r e s p e ct to ho w t h ey s h o u ld b e h a v e with t h eir c h il d r e n . T h i s is m ai n l y b eca u s e t h ey a r e t r a pp ed in a s i t u ati o n w h ich a pp a r e n tly i m p o s e s on ly two alte r n ati v e s . F ir s t i s j o i n i n g t h e c r u el a n d d e h u m a n izi n g c o m p etiti o n ; a n d t h e s e c on d is ac c e p ti n g i n e v ita b le

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' m a r t yr d o m ' . T h is d il e m m a lea d s to t r e m e ndou s a n d m u t u ally i n te r acti v e p eer p r e s s u r e l ea d i n g to s t r e s s , s t r ai n , a g itati on , a gon y a n d r e s tl e s s n e ss a m ong s t p a r e n ts. T hu s s i m p l e p eace l ov i n g i nd i v i du als a r e c onv e r ted i n to r u t h less a u t o m a t on s , h e a r t l ess r obo ts o r up r o o te d , a p at h etic, fr u s t r ated c y n ics. Milli on s o f u s d o no t " li v e" at all bu t acce p t a n d lead a " v e g etati v e e x i s te n ce" ou t o f h el p les s n e s s . So t h e r e i s m ec h a n ical p a r tici p ati o n in r at r ace a g ai n s t on e ’ s o wn f eeli ng s ! T h i s is b eca u se t h ey f i n d it e x t r e m e l y d i ff ic u lt to ov e r c o m e o r k eep a s i d e t h e a nx iety a bou t t h eir c h il d r e n ' s f u t u r e o n t h e on e h a n d ; a n d r e s pon d s u ccess f u l l y to t h e c r u el c o m p e t iti o n o n t h e o t h er b y ov e r c o m i n g it. E v en t ho s e w h o “ s u ccee d ”; ca nno t r e s t a s t h e y h a v e to f ace n e wer a n d s o m e t i m e s m o r e t e s ti n g o r d eals in t e r m s o f f u t u r e o f c h il d r en a n d h a nd li n g t h e r at r a c e. I n s u ch a s it u ati o n w h at is m o s t i m p o r ta n t i s t h e und e r s t a nd i n g o f w h at i s r eal l y goo d f o r t h e c h il d r e n . I t i s a l s o n eces s a r y in s u ch sit u ati on s to h a v e t h e r eal i s tic und e r s ta nd i n g o f w h at can b e a s s u r ed b y t h e s o - cal l ed s u cc e ss in t h e b r u tal c o m p etiti on s. B eca u s e; a f t er s u ch clear c u t und e r s ta nd i n g on l y; t h e h a r a ss m e n t o f c h il d r en a n d t h e s e l f d e s t r u cti v e m a s o c h i s t i c o r s a d i s t m a n ia in t h e a m b ie n ce; can b e ov e r c o m e. B e s i d e s ; t h e p a r e n ts, t h e p e op le in t h e po s iti on s o f v a r i ou s t y p e s o f po we r s h a v e to und e r s ta n d t h i s . NAM A SM A R AN g i v es u s t h e a b ili t y to s e e t h e ill u s o r y n at u r e o f t h e m a t e r ial s u cc e ss a n d f ail u r e. I t p r e v e n ts u s fr o m g etti n g d r a gg ed a f ter ill u s o r y s u cc e s s . I t al s o p r o tec t s u s fr o m g etti n g b a f f l e d , wit hd r aw n , d e f e ate d , fr u s t r at e d , d e p r es s e d , h el p less a n d m i s e r a b le. N a m a s m a r an e n a b les u s to i n s p i r e t h e c h il d r en (i rr e s p ecti v e o f t h eir s u ccess o r f ail u r e) to m ov e t o wa r d s i n tellect u al, e m o ti on al, i n s ti n ct u al a n d ph y s i c al w ell b ei ng . I t e n a b l e s u s to gu i d e ou r c h i l d r en in e x celli n g in t h e f ield o f t h e i r c ho ice; t h e r e b y b e n e f iti n g t h e s o cie t y al s o . W e s t a r t r e c ogn izi n g t h e d a ng er o f i m p o s i n g c o m p e t iti on s f o r m a t e r ial g ai n s . W e b e g in to r ealize t h at t h e g a r d e n er i s s uppo s ed to g i v e water a n d f e r til i zer to t h e p la n t &

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ca r e f o r it bu t ce r t a i n ly i s N OT s uppo s ed to C A NN O T f o r ce f l o w e r i n g a n d fr u iti on ! T houg h t h e qu e s ti o n o f r ea r i n g t h e c h il d r en in cities i s d i ff e r e n t fr o m t h at in t h e v illa g es in ce r tain d etai l s ; a n d t ho u g h it v a r ies f r o m c oun t r y to c oun t r y with re s p ect to s u ch d etails, t h e qu ality o f d e s t r u cti v e e nv ir o n m e n t a n d t h e s o l u ti o n to c u r e it; e s se n tially r e m a i n s t h e s a m e . I t i s i m p e r ati v e t h e r e f o r e; t h at t h e e d u cati on i s t s , po li c y m a k e r s , e du cat o r s , bu r ea u c r a t s , t h e t eac h e r s, t h e p a r e n ts, t h e c h i l d r en a n d e v e ry bod y c on ce r n ed a bou t t h e c h il d r e n ; p r actice N AM ASM A R AN a n d b r i n g p eace to t h e m sel v e s a s well a s o t h e r s . T h i s will c e r tai n ly e n s u r e op e n i n g u p o f n ew r o a d s o f p r o f und ity a n d p r o s p e r i t y f o r c h il d r en (a n d r est all t oo ). NA M A S M A R AN AND K I N D N E S S My c on s cie n ce a n d r eali t y d o no t c on c u r du r i n g t h e c ou r s e o f d e v el o p m e n t. T h is is b eca u se m y c on s cie n ce i s b l u rr ed b y m y p a s s i on , f eeli ng s , t hough t s , p e r s p ecti v e b a s ed o n m y h e r e d ity a n d t h e d i ff e r e n t s u rr ound i ng s . He n ce u s u al l y I b ec o m e j ud g m e n tal; w h e t h er I w i s h o r no t! T h is is w h y ; I a m in a fr a m e o f m i n d to h a r m m y a d v e r s a r i e s ; a n d c h a s t i s e t h e “ w r ong e d ” on es with p u n i s h m e n t. As a re s u lt o f GU R U K R UP A ; I b e g i n to p r actice NA M SM A R A N a nd : I b e g in to s e e t h e t r u th t h at all t h e s i n s in t h e w o r ld a r e i n m e; a t le a s t po te n tiall y ; i f no t m a n i f e s t. I b e g in to s e e t h at t h e r e i s h a n d o f A l m i gh t y (G u r u ); b e h i n d all t h e a pp ea r a n ce s ; i n cl ud i n g t h e “ s i n s” o f m i n e ; a n d t ho s e o f o t h e r s ! I b e g in to und e r s t a n d t h e n at u r e ’ s j u s tice; in t h e f o r m o f P R A R A B DHA (t h e a pp a r e n t goo d a n d b ad c ond iti o n s o f m e a n d o t h e r s ). I b e g in to a pp r eci a te t h e w i s d o m in t h e c on ce p t a n d p r a c tice o f P R A YAS H C H I T T A. 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 .

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5 . I b e g in to s e e; t h e m o s t c o m p a s s i on a t e, d i v i n e a n d boun t i f u l h a n d o f m y G u r u ; in o r g a n izi n g a n d b l o ss o m i n g m y l i f e a s w ell a s t h e l i f e o f b illi on s ! St r a ng e it m a y a p p ea r ; bu t t h e v e ng e a n ce, v i nd icti v e n ess, v e nd etta, r a g e, c r u elty a n d call ou s s e l f r i gh te ou s n es s , r ele a s i n g in m y bod y ; in t h e f o r m o f s t r e ss t ox i n s ; b e g in to d i s a pp ea r ; t h e r e b y ; m a k i n g m e h a pp ier a n d e v en ph y s ical l y h e alt h ie r ! I b e g in to r eali z e; t h at NA M A (G u r u ) is t h e a b s o l u te t r u t h ; a n d its boun t y ; t h e k i ndn e ss in t h e f o r m o f o b j ecti v e b e n e vo le n ce; b e g i n s to f l o w; t h r oug h m y h ea r t i nvo l un ta r il y ; w h et h er I w i s h o r no t! 6 . 7 . NA M A S M A R AN AND E C O N O M Y G oa l, Sel e c t i o n o f c a reer, O ccup a t i o n, Spir i t u a lism a nd m a t eri a l i s m , Spiri t u a l I n f r a s t r uc t ur e , E m pl oy e e s , G l o b a l r ec e s s i o n, Ch a r i t y , B l a c k m o ne y , E a r ning m o ney NA M A S M A R AN AND O N E 'S G O AL W h en we a s k t h e c h il d r en a bou t t h eir go al, t h ey r e p ly t h at t h eir go al i s to b ec o m e; do ct o r , la w y e r , m od el, a ct o r , po p s i ng e r , bu s i n ess t y c oo n o r s o m e bod y o f t h at s o r t. Pe e r p r e s s u r e , f i e r ce c o m p etiti o n a n d t oug h d e m a nd s fr o m d e m a nd i n g p a r e n ts k eep t h e c h il d r en p r e o cc up ied o r r at h er ob s e s sed wi t h t h eir a i m , go al, d r e a m o r c ho ic e . T h e c h il d r en s ta r t g etti n g w o r k ed u p in t h e e f f o r t s to b e “ s u cc e ss f ul ” in t h e ir pu r s u it o f “ b ec o m i n g s o m e bod y”. T h e e ff ec t s o f t h ese pu r s u i t s a r e un i m a g i n a b ly d a m a g i n g o n t h e bod ies a n d m i nd s o f t h e youn g g e n e r ati on s . T h e c h il d r en a r e u nd er t r e m e ndou s s t r ess. T h e y a r e r e stles s , n e r vou s , a nx i ou s , w o r r ied a n d m a n y t i m e s e v en s lee p l e s s . W h at i s t h e r o le o f NA M A S M A R AN in s u ch s it u ati on ?

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NAM A SM A R AN t h at is a l s o r e f e r r e d to as t hough t a n c ho r g r a du ally s h i f t s t h e m e n tal p la n e a bov e t h e i n f l u e n ces o f g l a m ou r a n d g li t te r . I t s h i f t s t h e m e n tal p la n e a bov e t h e p etti n ess a n d s up e r f ic ia lit y . NAM A SM A R AN g r a du ally b r i ng s u s cl o s e r to a po i n t o f cle a r v i s i on , a n d m a x i m u m f u l f il l m e n t. We b e g in t o s e e w h a t i s cl o se s t t o o ur he a rt a nd s o ul . As a re s u lt o f t h e p r o cess o f N AM AS M A R A N , g r a du al l y , on e r ealiz e s t h at on e ' s go als a r e i n t r i n s i c ally d e f e c ti v e as a n d i f t h e y a r e b a s ed o n eit h er p etty a n d s up e r f icial v al u es o r gu lli b le i d eas o f p h ila n t h r op y . O n e s t a r ts r e alizi n g t h at du e to t h i s ; t h e go als r e m ain d e f e cti v e i r r e s p e c ti v e o f w h et h er t h ey a r e ' b a s e' o r ' d i v i n e ' . O n e lea r n s t h at w h et h er on e ' s go al i s bo r n ou t o f d e s i r e s o f p e r s on al g ai n s o f d e s i r e s o f un i v e r s a l we l f a r e, t h e y s till r e m ain c r ud e a n d i n acc u r ate. T h is i s b eca u se t h ey a r e s ub j e cti v e. T h ey a r e a r b it r a r y . T h e r e f o r e t h e y ca n p r ov e to b e c o e r c i v e to o t h e r s o r t r oub le s o m e to se l f ! I n o t h er w o r d s ; N AMA S M A R A N e n a b les u s to s ee t h e pu r po s e o f ou r li f e. I n m y op i n i o n t h is pu r po s e o f l if e is s a m e a s S W A DH A R M A. NA M A S M A R AN AND S EL E C T I O N O F C AR E E R I n t od a y ' s s o cie t y t h e p r ob l e m o f s e le cti n g a ca r e er i s a v e r y d i ff ic u lt on e. I n t h e I nd ian c on te x t a n d e s p ec i ally Hi ndu s , t h i s d i ff ic u lty i s b eca u s e o f t h e d ec l i n e o f ' VA R NA' (a s y s t e m o f d i v i s i o n o f la bo r a m ong s t 4 d i ff e r e n t c o m m un iti e s) s y st e m . W h en V A R N A s y s t e m w a s in p r actice t h e r e w as n o qu e s ti o n a n d n o n eed to t h i n k o f s e lecti n g o r c o m p e t i n g f o r a c a r ee r ; a s t h e r e w a s n o c ho ice. B u t, wi t h t h e a dv e n t o f fr ee d o m to c hoo s e a n d c o m p e t e ; t h e r e h as a r i s en a p r ob l e m o f r at r a c e f o r l u c r ati v e ca r ee r s t h at can f e tch po we r , m on e y , g l a m ou r etc. T h is s it u ati o n i s c h a r ac t e r ized b y lack o f c on t r o l o r gu i d a n ce. T h e r e i s n o r eli g i ou s , s o cia l , l e g al o r a n y o t h er k i n d o f c on t r o l o r c onv e n ti o n t h at can gu i d e u s ; in select i n g a ca r e e r b e n e f i c ial to u s ; a n d t h e s o ciet y . T od a y ' s vo cati on al gu i dan c e is d e vo id o f s u ch e n li gh te n ed v i s i on .

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NAM A SM A R AN fr e e s t h e i nd i v i du a l ( i n cl ud i n g t h e v o cati on al c oun s el o r ) fr o m t h e ob s e s s i o n o f p et t y a n d i gno r a n t p e r s on al pu r s u i t s . NAM A SM A R AN e n a b les t h e i nd i v i du al to p e r cei v e c h a r acte r i s t i c a n d n at u r e o f acti v i t y t h at c ou ld b e f u l f il l i n g one s e l f a s well as b e n e f i t t h e s o cie t y . NAM A SM A R AN t hu s can no t on ly h elp u s to t r a n sce n d t h e o ld c o e r ci v e el e m e n t s in t h e s y s t e m o f v a r na s a n d o t h er un j u s t c onv e n ti on s r elated to j ob s ; bu t w h ile do i n g s o ; it al s o h el p s u s to e x t r act t h e b e n e vo le n t el e m e n t in gu i d a n ce o f t h e p a s t g e n e r ati ons . I t e n a b l e s u s to c o m b i n e s o ci a l u ti l ity a n d ou r ca p a b i l ities a n d p r e f e r e n c es with r e s p ect to s el e cti o n o f j ob s o r c a r ee r s. N AM ASM A R AN e m po we r s u s to re m a in as s o ciated with N AMA i.e. t r u e s e l f i.e. a b s o l u te t r u t h . I t p r ov i d es s a t s a n g ( s a t s a ng : sat m e a n s t r u th a n d s a n g m e a n s a s s o c i ati on , t hu s s a t s a n g m ea n s a ss o ciati o n with t r u t h ) . A dd iti on al a dv a n ta g e o f NAM A SM A R AN is t h at it p r o tec t s u s ; fr o m g etti n g d r a gg ed a n d c h eated b y f a k e gu r u s o r gu i d e s . NA M A S M A R AN AND O CC U P A T I O N O n e o f t h e m o s t i m po r ta n t t h i ng s in on e ' s li f e i s t h e p re s s u r e o f w o r k . A s on e g ets e ng a g e d , a ppo i n ted o r o cc u p ied in a j o b o r a b u s i n e s s ; on e a l s o g ets all t h e p le a s a n t a n d p ai n f u l e xp e r ie n ces t h e r e o f . G ra du ally in m a n y ca s e s t h e j o b b ec o m e s a j ail. Alt houg h on e g ets a se n s e o f s e c u r i t y , b eca u s e it i s on e ' s b r ead a n d bu tte r , o n e al s o g e t s a f eel i n g o f s u f f o c ati o n in t h e j ob . N A M A SM A R A N g i v es a n ew d i m e n s i o n to on e ' s o wn j ob . D u e to N A MA SM A R AN on e ' s j o b d o es no t r e m ain m e r ely a m ea n s o f ea r n i ng . T h e j o b o r t h e bu s i n e s s do es no t r e m ain m e r ely a m e a n s o f s u r v i v al o r p e r s on a l g ai n s . T h i s i s b e c a u s e with N A MA S M A R AN t h e e m ph a s i s o r t h e o r i e n tati o n o f t h e i nd i v i du al s h i f t s . W h at t h is m ea n s i s on e ' s p e r s p ecti v e b e g i n s to r i s e a bov e a n d r i d e ov er t h e p etty a n d p e r s on al c on si d e r a ti on s . W ith N A M ASM A R AN t h e i n d i v i du al s ta r t s r ealizi n g t h at h i s / h er s u f f o cati o n in t h e j o b a n d t h e d e s ir e to e s ca p e fr o m t h e p r ese n t j o b a r e b eca u s e o f m i sc on ce p ti on s , p r e j ud ic e s , w h i m s, f a n ci e s , i n f at u ati on s a n d d el u s i on s a b ou t t h e p r e s e n t j o b a n d t h e o t h er

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a pp a r e n tly l u c r ati v e o r g l a m o r ou s j o b s . He / s h e s t a r t s r e a lizi n g t h at all t h is i s b eca u s e ; on e n e v er r ealized t h e po te n tials o f t h e p r e s e n t j o b to s at i s f y on e ’ s c on s c ie n ce; a n d i n f l u e n ce t h e s u rr ound i ng s in a b e n e f icial wa y . N A MA S M A R A N op e n s on e ' s e y e s to t h e s e v al u a b le p e r s on al a n d s o cial d i m e n s i on s o f t h e j ob . T h i s i s ho w; t h e j o b b ec o m e s ; a b s o r b i n g as well a s g l a m o r ou s a n d m a j e s ti c . He o r S h e t h e re f o r e le a r n s to f o c u s o n t h e j o b a n d g et i m m er s ed in i t with t h e und e r s ta nd i n g t h at t h e j o b h as t r e m e ndou s po te n t ials to b e s o cially b e n e f ic i al. T h is und e r s ta nd i n g w h ich s p r i ng s fr o m N A M AS M A R A N m a k e s t h e j o b a s ou r ce o f i n te n s e s at i s f acti o n a n d t o tal f u l f il l m e n t at a n y g i v en m o m e n t. NAM A SM A R AN m a k e s e v e r y m i nu t e s p e n t in on e ' s w o r k an o cean o f b liss a n d po we r . I t is t r u e t h at in t h e i n itial s t a g e s ; on e c a nno t p r actice NAM A SM A R AN du r i n g i n te n s e i n tellect u al acti v i t y . Bu t in s u ch c a s e s t h e i n te r l ud es o f ph y s i c al acti v i t y o r r est can b e f illed w ith NAM S M A R A N. As f a r a s c r i m i n al o r s u ici d al acti v iti e s a r e c on ce r n e d ; NAM A SM A R AN can f r e e u s fr ee u s fr o m t h eir s h ac k l e s. O n e c an see fr o m a bov e d i s c u s s i o n ho w ov er a p e r i o d o f t i m e t h e li v es o f c r i m i n a l s o r p e r v e r t s a l s o , c a n g et t r a n s f o r m ed b y N A MA S M A R AN. NA M A S M A R A N , SP I R I T U A L I S M A ND M A T E R I A L I S M W h y a r e m a n y p l a ces o f p il g r i m a g e; f u ll o f acti v iti e s r e s pon s i b le f o r t h e do w n f all o f m a nk i nd ? W h y ca n ’ t t h e s p ir it u al m a s t er s c h a n g e t h e s e p lac e s f o r b ette r ; t h r oug h t h eir d e vo tees, l o c al a d m i n i s t r a t i v e h ea d s a nd / o r t h e po l itical lea d e r s ? W h y a r e t h ese p la c es i m m un e to s p i r i t u al r e j uv e n ati o n a n d o r r e v italizati o n in v i ew o f t h e s o ci o ec o n o m ic a n d po litical m i s e ry ? W h y d o we f i n d m a n y p e op le in p iti a b le c ond iti o n in m o s t r e s p e c t s ? T h e a n swer to all t h e s e qu e s ti on s ; i s :

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T h e r e i s a s p lit o r c h a s m ; b etw e en ou r und e r s ta nd i n g a n d p r actice o f s p i r it u al i s m a n d m ate r ial i s m ! T h e s ai n ts a n d t h e i r s h r i n e s p r o v i d e t h e i n f i n ite e n li gh te n m e n t a n d e m po we r m e n t. B u t we a r e i n t ox icated b y p et t y s e l f i s hn e s s to s u ch an e x te n t t h at we v i s it t h e p laces o f p il g r i m a g e in a p a r a s itic m i nd set. W e v i s it t h e s e s h r i n e s a n d t e m p l e s with b e gg a r ly m e n tali t y . W e a pp r o ach t h e s e a bod es m e r e l y f o r t r i v ial g ai n s f o r ou r o wn s e l v es o r ou r f a m i l i e s . W e see s o cial e v i l s ; bu t m e r e l y c r itici z e t h e m c y n ica l ly a n d call ou s l y ! W e a r e ou r s el v e s d e g e n e r ate d ! T h is i s b eca u se; w e h a v e f o r go tten S W A D H A R MA, in w h ich t h e r e a r e n o s e p a r ate c o m p a r t m e n t s li k e; s p i r i t u al a n d m at e r ial. I t is ho li s ti c . S W A DH A R MA i s ho li s tic r e n a i s s a n c e. W e h a v e f o r go tten p it r u dh a r m a , m a t r u dh a r m a , pu t r a dh a r m a, ac h a r y a dh a r m a , ku la dh a r m a , r a j a dh a r m a ( du ties o r p r i v ile g e s ; a s s i gn ed to f a t h e r , m o t h e r , s on , t ea c h e r , p e d i g r ee, r u le r ; re s p ecti v el y ) f o r i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng . T h e a n swe r s to all ou r qu e s ti on s a r e i n NAM A SM A R A N. NAM A SM A R AN e m po we r s , e n li v e n s a n d e n a b l e s u s to c o m b at ou r d e g e n e r ati on . I t m o ti v ates a n d s t r e n g t h e n s u s to g et r e o r ie n ted to a n d e xp l o r e t h e S W A D H A R MA (w h ich i s b e y on d t h e i nd i v i du alism o r s o cial i s m ; w h ich m a k e u s a rr og a n t o n t h e on e h a n d a n d m eek o n t h e o t h e r ). I t e n a b l e s u s to e vo l v e ho li s t i c p e r s p e cti v e, po lic i e s , p la n s, p r og r a m s; a n d i m p l e m e n t t h e m ; in a l l t h e wal k s o f li f e; i n cl ud i n g t h e p laces o f p il g r i m a g es a n d b r i n g a bou t i nd i v i du al a n d u n i v e r s al b l o ss o m i ng . NA M A S M A R AN AND S P I R I T UA L I N F R A S T RU C T U RE

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R o a d s, b r i dg e s , r a i lwa y , ele c t r ici t y , t e lec o m m un icati on ; etc. c o n s tit u te ec on o m ic i n f r a s t r u ct u r e; a n d p lay an i m po r ta n t r o le in p r og r es s . B u t i f t h e r e a r e no ; at le a s t r e a s on a b l y ; h ealt h y i nd i v i du al s , t h en t h is ec on o m ic i n f r a s t r u ct u r e b ec o m e s m ea n i ng le s s a n d u s el e s s . He n ce; t h e h ealth ca r e f aciliti e s, hou s i ng , d r i nk i n g wa t e r , s c hoo l s ; etc, w h ich c on s tit u te s o cial i n f r a s t r u ct u r e ; h a v e to g o h a n d in h a nd ; with t h e d e v el o p m e n t o f e c on o m ic i n fr a s t r u c t u r e. B u t i f t h e m e m b er s o f a s o cial g r ou p h a r bo r ; a p e r s p ect i v e, i d e o l og y , t h i nk i ng , f eeli ng , m o ti v ati o n a n d b e h a v i o r ; o f f a n atic secta r ian d e v el o p m e n t; t h en it can b e c oun te r p r odu cti v e a n d d e s t r u c ti v e to t h at s o cial g r oup ; a s w ell a s to t h e o t h e r s. He n ce al on g with t h e ec on o m i c a n d s o cial i n f r a s t r u ct u r e ; it i s e s s e n tial to w o r k ; o n t h e s p i r it u al i n f r a s t r u ct u r e; s i m u lta n e ou s l y . W e can a pp r eciate t h i s po i n t; i f we ca re f u l l y ob s e r v e; t h e qu ali t y o f i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial l i f e; in a n y p a r t o f t h e w o r l d ; i n cl ud i n g t h e d e v el op ed c oun t r ie s . T h e s p i r it u al i n fr a st r u ct u r e can b e d e v el op ed if t h e r e i s a s i m p l e a n d i n e xp e n s i v e p r og r am t h at can b e ac ce p ta b le to d i ff e r e n t i d e o l og ies a n d r eli g i on s . O n e s u c h p r og r a m i s ; r e m e m b e r i n g a n d r e o r i e n ti n g to on e ’ s t r u e s e l f ; called J A P, J AA P , J IK R A, SUM I R AN, S I M A R A N i. e . NAM A SM A R AN; a n d can b e i n t r odu ced in e v e r y noo k a n d c o r n er o f t h e w o r ld a n d to e v e ry on e i r r e s p ect i v e o f a g e, s e x , o c c up ati on , r eli g i on , r ace, n ati on ality e t c. N A M A S M A R A N A N D E M P LO Y E E S Q u ite a l o t h a s b e e n w r itten o n t h e r e l ati on s h ip b etween e m p l o y e r s a n d t h e e m p l o y e es. I n t od a y ' s w o r ld t h i s r elati on s h ip is f oun d to v a r y in d i ff e r e n t s et u p s . T hu s it i s d i ff e r e n t i n c o tt o n m il l s, c o m p a n ies, v illa g e s ,

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cities, pub lic s ect o r a n d p r i v ate s ect o r . I t i s d i ff e r e n t in f a r m la bo r e r s , qu a rr y w o r k e r s , c on t r act la bo r a n d o t h er e m p l o y e e s . I n s ho r t, cl a ss d i v i s i on s a s well a s t h e c a s te d i s ti n ct i o n s h a v e no t r e m a i n ed s o s i m p l e . T h e w o r k i n g cl a ss a n d e m p l o y e r s h a v e b ec o m e qu ite h e t e r og e n e ou s . T h e p r i o r iti e s a n d i n te r e s t s o f d i ff e r e n t g r oup s o f w o r k er s h a v e a l s o b ec o m e d i ff e r e n t. I n f act s o m e t i m e s t h e s e p r i o r iti e s a r e oppo s e d to each o t h e r . T h i s i s b e ca u s e a p a r tic u lar po licy s i m u lta n e ou s l y m at e r ial l y b e n e f i t s s o m e s e ct i on s o f w o r k i n g cl a s s ; w h ile h a r m i n g t h e ec on o m i c i n te r e s t o f t h e o t h e r s ecti on s o f w o r k i n g clas s . T h i s i s e s p ecially e v i d e n t in ca s e o f w o r k i n g class o f a ff l u e n t c o un t r ies a n d t h at o f d e v el op i n g c oun t r ie s . T h e f i n a n cial b e n e f i t s te n d to g o to t h e w o r k i n g class o f a f f l u e n t c oun t r i e s at t h e c o s t o f w o r k i n g class a n d o t h er p e op le o f t h e d e v el op i n g c oun t r ie s . T h e s e f a c ts ho we v er a r e eit h e r i gno r e d , n e g lecte d , unno ticed o r un atte nd ed t o . B e c a u s e o f t h is, t h e m ov e m e n t s o f t h e w o r k i n g class h a v e no t b een a b le to s u cc e ed a d e qu ately i n m a k i n g t h e s o c ie ty m o r e j u s t, t hou g h li v i n g c o nd iti on s o f s o m e s ec t i on s o f w o r k i n g c l ass h a v e f i n a n cial l y i m p r o v ed to s o m e e x te n t. T h e w o r k i n g cl a ss m ov e m e n t s h a v e no t b een a b le to e qu ip t h e m sel v es with t h e po wer o f e n li gh te n m e n t a n d t h e r e f o r e l ack in f und a m e n t a l s e n s e o f un ity s o m u c h r e qu i r ed in t h eir po licies, s t r a t e g ies a n d t h e d e f i n iti o n a n d s electi o n o f i s s u e s f o r s t r ugg le. T h is h as r e s u lted i n to c on s i d e r a b le r e du cti o n in t h e st r e ng th a n d c on s t r u cti v e e ff ecti v e n ess o f t h e w o r k i n g cla s s a n d t h eir m ov e m e n t s , all ov er t h e w o r l d . T h is i s la r g e l y b e c a u s e; w o r k i n g clas s e s h a v e no t a d e qu ately d e v el op ed t h eir s t r ate g i e s o n t h e b ac kg r oun d o f t h e v i s i o n o f non s e cta r ian g l ob al we l f a r e. A s a r e s u l t; i rr e s pon s i b le a n d ca n ce r ou s g r o wth o f c on s u m e r i sm (at t h e c o s t o f o t h e r s) h a s ta k en p lace in s o m e s ecti on s a n d p at h etic a n d h el p less ac c e p ta n ce o f e xp l o itati o n in t h e o t h er s ecti on s o f e m p l oy e e s .

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T h e m o r al a n d s p i r it u al d e g e n e r ati o n h as b een e no r m o u s a n d p e r p et u ati ng . T h e s o l u ti o n to t h is can c o m e with g l ob al p e r s p ecti v e, w h ich can r e s u lt f r o m N A MA S M A R AN. NA M AS MA R A N i s a p r o c e ss o f fr e e d o m , w h ich can f r e e t h e s o cie t y with cl a s s e s i n to t r u ly un i f ied a n d clas s l e ss s o c i et y . T h is can b e und e r s t oo d , if on e und e r s t a nd s t h at it is t h e i nn er un it y , w h ich w h en a n d if un r a v eled a n d r eali z e d ; can lead to t h e un ity e nv i s a g ed in t h e c on ce p ts o f t h e cl a s s l e ss s o cie t y . B u t m e r e s l og a n s a n d e v en att e m p t s m a d e a r b it r a r i l y f o r e x ti n cti o n o r a nn i h ilati o n o f cl a ss o r c a s t e s ; ca nno t h elp a n y on e. T h is i s w h y t h e unh a pp y a ff l u e n t a n d t h e d e p r i v ed d e s tit u te c on ti nu e to s u ff e r . W h et h er a p e r s o n i s a un i o n lea d er o r a sa n ita r y w o r k e r; t h e p r actice o f NAM A SM A R AN will op en n ew a v e nu es o f d e v el o p m e n t in t h eir r e s p e cti v e f iel d s . S u ch d e v el o p m e n ts a r e v ital f o r a cc u r a te t hough ts a n d acti on s . T h e oppo r t un i s t a n d se l f i s h p u r s u it o r m a t e r ial i stic c on s i d e r ati on s o f t h e lea d e r s h ip a n d t h e s e n s e o f h el p les s n e ss a n d a p at h y o f t h e la nd less la bo r e r s , c h ild la bo r er s a n d s u ch o t h e r s c an b e ov e r c o m e p r i m a r i ly b y t h e p r actice o f N A MA S M A R A N . I n t h is c a s e NAM A SM A R AN can b e c o m p a r ed t o li gh t w h ich is i n d i s p e n s a b le i rr e s p ecti v e o f t h e t y p es o f r e s i d e n ce v iz. a p ala c e, a bung al o w o r a hu t. NAM A SM A R AN e ndo ws t h e c u lt u r a l p r o f und ity w h ich in itse l f i s an e f f ecti v e a n d po we r f u l w e a po n t h at can b e u s ed to t r a n s f o r m m a t e r ial c ond iti on s ; f o r t h e e m a n ci p ati o n o f o n e a n d all. T h i s i s e s p ecial l y s o b eca u s e with N A MA S M A R AN on e ac qu i r e s v i s i on , w i s d o m , r e s o l v e, d ete r m i n ati o n a n d s t r e ng th ( und e f ea t a b le b y i n tell e ct u al, tec hno l og ical, f i n a n cia l , m ilit a r y o r a n y o t h er po we r ); to i m p le m e n t g l ob ally b e n e f icial p r og r a m s,. T h is can b e r ealiz e d m o r e f u l l y b y t h e p r actice o f N A M ASM A R AN a n d no t o t h e r wi s e. F o r t h e m o m e n t we c a n r e a s o n ou t; ho w b y NAM A SM A R AN; on e can b ec o m e m o r e o b j ecti v e a n d s t r ong ; to f r ee on e s e l f as well a s t h e f ell o w e m p l o y e es a n d t h e e m p l oy e r s, m at e r ial l y a n d s p i r it u al l y .

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NAM A SM A R AN t h e r e f o r e is no t m e r ely a p r o c e ss o f a c h ie v i n g p e r s on al li b e r ati o n bu t it is a p r o c e ss o f c o s m ic s p i r it u al r e n a i s s a n ce as s o ciated with m a te r ial a bund a n c e , w h ich we call ho li s tic r e n a i s s a n ce! NA M A S M A R AN AND GLO B A L R E C E S S I O N T h e r oo t ca u s e o f g l ob al r eces s i o n i s t h e ov e r po we r i n g d o m i n a n ce o f p etty a n d t ubu lar p e r s p e cti v e ov er ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e; i n d i ff e r e n t f i el d s. Petti n e ss i s n at u r al in on e se n se. I t i s a n i m al a s p e ct o f ou r b ei ng . B u t a s h u m a n s, we ca nno t b e s at i s f i e d b y b ei n g t h r o ttled in t h is a n i m al a s p ect. O u r c on s c i e n ce g ets s u f f o cat e d . W h ile ou r wa n t s m u lti p l y ; we r e m a in un s at i s f i ed a n d ho s tile to t h e n ee d s o f o t h e r s . As a r e s u lt; ou r m e a nn e s s ov er po wers ou r ho li s t i c a s p i r ati on s o f g l ob al we l f a r e. W e m u s t a pp r eciate t h at t h e v e r y n at u r e o f p et t y p er s p ecti v e; i s to e nh a n ce a n ta gon ism a n d s u pp r ess t h e ho l i s tic p e r s p ecti v e t h at c o n s o li d ate s ; c o m p l e m e n t a r it y , i n cl u s i v e g r o wth a n d h a r m on y . T h is c on f l i ct i s no t n ew. B u t it h as c r o s sed t h e r e g i on al a n d n ati on al bou n d a r ies a n d h e n ce its i m p a ct h a s b ec o m e g l ob al. H o w do es p et t y p e r s p ecti v e ca u s e g l ob al r ec e s s i on ? Petty p er s p ecti v e i s bo r n ou t o f s la v e r y o f i n c e s s a n t i nn er c r a v i ng s f o r ph y s ica l , m on e t a r y , po litical, c u lt u r al a n d o t h er k i nd s o f s up r e m a c y a n d c on t r o l; b e y on d p h y s i o l og ical n ee d s . I t r e s u l t s in u n s c r u pu l ou s pu r s u its t o wa r d s g r at i f i c at i o n o f t h e s e c r a v i ng s . T hu s t h e i ndu s t r ia l i s t s p r e f er to nu r t u r e, e n c ou r a g e, e nh a n ce a n d p r o m o te s u ch b a s a l a n d m o r b id c r a v i ng s a n d t h r i v e o n t h e m b y p r odu ci n g in e x ce s s a n d s elli ng ; w ea pon s o f m a ss d e s t r u cti on , c o s m e ti c s , se xu al st i m u la n t s ; a n d s o o n . T h e po litical l e a d e r s p r e f e r to e n c ou r a g e s u ch i n du s t r i e s a n d we du e to ou r ob li v i ou s n ess o f t h e r eali t y ; p r e f er to s uppo r t s u ch po litical lea d e r s .

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I f w e ta k e t h e e x a m p l e o f m e d ical bu s i n es s ; it e x c e s s i v ely e m ph a s iz e s o n i nd i v i d u al ph y sical f it n e ss ( a s a g a i n s t ho li s t i c h ealt h ) p r o f ita b le to s ell t h eir p r odu cts in t h e f o r m t on ics, e xo r b ita n t s p a s , s o called f it n e ss cl ub s a n d s o on . T h e po litical lea d e r s ob s e s s ed with p et t y g ai n s e n c ou r a g e t h i s ; in e x c h a ng e f o r p a r t y f und s a n d b r i b e. T h e m e d ical e xp e r ts d r o w n ed in p etty pu r s u i t s s uppo r t s u ch i ndu s t r ie s f a vo r i n g t h e h e g e m on y o f r e s p e cti v e d i f f e r e n t s y s te m s o f m e d ici n e ( a s a g ai n s t ho li s tic m e d ici n e). W e; du e to ou r o wn p etti n ess s uppo r t s u ch i ndu s t r i e s a n d po licie s . N obod y i s b ad a s s u c h . B u t m o s t o f u s ; a r e ca ugh t a n d c r i pp led b y t h e g i g a n tic f o r c e s o f p et t i n ess wit h in u s ; a n d ou r c on s cie n ce is c r i pp le d ! As a re s u lt o f t h i s ; t h e ec on o m i c acti v ities in d i f f e r e n t f i el d s o f l i f e; r e vo l v e a r oun d t h e p etty p e r s p e c ti v e a n d lead to e xo r b ita n t g r o wth o f u tilities a n d s e r v i c es f o r t h e b e n e f it o f f e w! T hu s in poo r c oun t r i e s a l s o ; we f i nd ; f l ou r i s h i n g m a r k e t s o f j e w e l ry , f i v e s t ar a n d s e v en s tar ho tels a n d ho s p ital s , unp r odu cti v e g l a m ou r , wa s te f u l g litt e r , p e tty l uxu r i ou s n e s s a n d vu l g ar y et e xp e n s i v e e n te r tai n m e n t . T h e s e ec on o m ic a c ti v ities m a k e f ew o f u s r ic h , g l a m o r o u s , a r r og a n t, bu t ho ll o w, weak a n d s ic k ; a n d m a n y o f u s poo r , r a gg e d , m ee k , a n d h el p les s . As a re s u lt o f p et t y p e r s p e cti v e t h e s e f ew a r e g l o r i f ied b y m o s t m a j o r p la y e r s o f m a s s c o m m u n icati o n a n d m o s t o f u s p at h eti c ally w o r s h ip s u ch s ick a n d p etty ac h ie v e m e n t s ! B u t s i n ce a m a j o r i t y o f u s d o no t h a v e m on ey to a v ail t h e s e f i v e s t a r s e r v i c es; t h e s ale b e g i n s to f a l l. T h en t h e r a b id c o m p etit i o n b e g i n s . T h i s is o f t en called fr ee m a r k et ec on o m y , fr ee c o m p etiti o n et c . T h i s i nvo l v es fr a n tic a n d un sc r u pu l ou s e f f o r t s to m a r k et t h e s e u s el e ss a nd / o r c oun te r p r odu cti v e c o m m od iti e s a n d se r v ic e s , t h r oug h m u t u ally e xp l o itati v e wa y s o f p r o m o ti on ; i nv o l v i n g c o l o ss al w a s t e!

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T h e s ic k e n i ng ly r i ch a m i d s t u s ; s u st a in t h e s a l e o f s u ch c o m m od iti e s a n d s e r v i c es f o r s o m e ti m e. I n f act t h e e c on o m y a pp ea r s to b e s t r on g a n d bo o m i ng ; d u e to t h e s ho w o f g l a m ou r a n d g litte r ! B u t s o o n t h e s e i ndu s t r i e s b e g in to s l o w do wn du e to l ack o f c u s t o m e r s. T h ey a r e s ti l l s u stai n ed b y t h e po litical lea d e r s h ip t h r oug h l o a n s , s ub si d ies a n d w a v i n g o ff t h e l o a n s . I n o t h er w o r d s ; pub lic f und s a r e p u m p ed i n t h e s e d y i n g v e n t u res a n d m o s t o f u s ; t ax p a y er s ; a r e f u r t h e r t h r o ttle d ! T h e s h a m i ndu s t r i a l g r o wth du e to its p etty p e r s p ecti v e a n d m u t u al l y a n ta gon i s tic a n d w a s t e f u l acti v iti e s ; a n d t h r o ttli n g d e p r i v ati o n o f b illi on s o f u s , w ho s e bu y i n g po wer g ets d e s ic cate d /at r oph ie d ; r a c es t o wa r d s d eca y ! T h e i ndu s tr ial p r o f i t s b e g in to f all a n d t h e s h a r e p r ic e s p l ung e. Si n ce t h e m on e y pu m p ed in t h e s e bu s i n e s s e s , w h et h er b y gov e r n m e n ts o r i nv e s t o r s ’ , i s e sse n tially ou r m on ey (w h i ch w ou ld h a v e b een po te n tially u s e f u l f o r t h e g l ob al d e v el o p m e n t); we t h e c o m m o n p e op le all ov er t h e w o r ld s u ff er m a x i m u m , t h e i nv e s t o r s with b u ff e r i n g po wer s u ff er l ess a n d t h e bu s i n ess hou s e s w i th m u ch g r eat e r bu ff e r i n g po we r ; s u ff er l e a s t; a s t h e l o a n s a r e o f ten w a v e d ! ! Si n ce t h e p r odu cti on , d i s t r i bu ti o n a n d m a r k eti n g o f esse n tial good s ; a r e n e g lecte d ; s oo n t h eir p r ic e s r i s e . W e t h e c o m m o n p e op le f i n d it i n c r e a s i ng ly d i ff i c u lt to bu y e v en t h e m o s t e s s e n tial go o d s . D u e to i ndu s t r ial s l o w do w n t h e un e m p l o y m e n t i n c r e a s e a dd i n g f u r t h e r ; to ou r m i se r i e s. Ma n y o f u s s u f f e r m i se r a b l y a n d t r y t o f i n d s o l u ti on s t h r oug h m ov e m e n t s a g ai n st e xp l o itati o n a n d c o rr up ti on ; bu t it s u ch m ov e m e n t s can s u cc e ed on ly i f t h e lea d er s h ip a n d all o f u s i n te r n al i ze ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e, w h ich e m bod ies s ub l i m a ti o n o f i nn er c r a v i ng s in r eal i zi n g c o m p l e m e n t a r it y , i n cl u s i v e g r o wth a n d h a r m on y ; i .e. ho li s tic r e n ais s a n c e.

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H o w can t h i s b e d on e? All o f u s ; i n cl ud i n g c h il d r e n ; h a v e to b e i n t r odu ced to t h e m e a s u r e s o f i nn er b l o ss o m i n g (to e vo l v e ho li s tic p e r s p e cti v e a n d r ea l ize ho li s tic r e n ais s a n c e); s u ch as h y m n s , p r a y e r s , j i k r a a n d N A M AS M A R AN; r i gh t fr o m t h e b e g i nn i n g . T h i s a pp ea r s to b e a s l o w a n d p r o t ra cted e f f o r t. B u t it is no t. I t s t a r t s w o r k i n g i n s ta n tly. W e can v e r i f y t h is b y p r acti c e. M o r e ov e r ; i f b illi on s o f u s p r a ctice it, t h en it b ec o m e f a r m o r e s y n e r g i s t ic. I t s b e n e vo le n t i m p a ct m u lti p lies e xpon e n tia l l y ! H o we v e r ; s till i t w ou ld no t b r i n g a bou t an i n s ta n t c h a ng e! I t w ou ld ta k e s o m e t i m e . B u t t h e r e i s n o o t h er alt e r n ati v e, o t h e r t h an s u ch a m e a s u r e o f i nn er g r o wt h . T h e p r odu cti v e do m a in m u s t b e nu r t u r ed a n d t h e “ e p i d e m ic o f w a s t e f u l lea r n i n g o f unp r o d u cti v e acti v ities” l ea d i n g to s ca r city o f j o b s a n d s ub s e qu e n t e v i l s s hou ld b e e r a d icated o n war f oo ti n g u r g e n tly a n d s e r i ou s l y . P r odu cti v e d o m ain in e du ca t i o n w ou ld r at h er qu ic k ly m a k e t h e e du cati o n s y s te m se l f s u f f i cie n t a n d i nd e p e n d e n t. T h e p r ese n t c o l o s sal w a s t a g e c an b e d i v e r ted to g l ob al we l f a r e m e a s u r es i m m e d i ate l y . F u r t h e r , b y v i r t u e o f d i r ect p r odu cti on ; it w ou ld s uppo r t t h e c o lla p s i n g ec o n o m y ; b e s i d e s p r e v e n ti n g d r o p ou ts a n d c h ild la bo r . T h e r e h a s to b e a p o licy to e n c ou r a g e a n d s uppo r t t h e h a nd ic r a f t s , m ea n s o f m a ss t r a n s po r t, h o m e r e m e d i e s , h e r b al r e m e d i e s e t c; a n d s t r ict c on t r o l o n i nd i s c r i m i n at e , unn ece s sa r y , w a s t e f u l a n d c oun te r p r odu cti v e i n t r u s i o n o f tec hno l og y in e v e r y s ph e r e o f l i fe. T h e d et a ils o f t h e s e w ou ld e vo l v e if w e a dop t t h e m e a s u r es o f i nn er g r o wth wit hou t a n y c y n ic i sm a n d d el a y . T h e c r eati v e a n d c on s t r u cti v e h u m a n po te n tials a r e i n f i n it e ! 1 . 2 . 3 . NA M A S M A R A N , C H A R I T Y A N D Q U OT I E N T O F SA T I S F A C T I O N ( Q O S ) A g r eat e y e s u r g e o n t u r n ed t o c h a r it y ; a f t e r h i s r e c ov e r y fr o m a s e r i ou s k i dn ey d i s e a s e; t h a nk s to h is m o t h e r , w h o don ated a k i d n ey to h i m .

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A no t h er ph ila n t h ro p i s t t un ed to c h a r i t y a f ter h is r ec ov e r y fr o m a n e a r f atal a cci d e n t, w h i ch h ad l e f t h i m un c on s ci ou s f o r s e v e r al w e e k s ; t h a nk s to t h e h elp o f c o m p letely unkno wn p e op le! W e f i n d se v e r al p e op le all ov er t h e w o r l d ; t u r n i n g to c h a r it y ; in s e v e r al f i el d s o f l i f e; a f ter s u ch e v e n ts. A ct u all y ; it i s v e r y d i ff i c u lt to f i n d an i nd i v i du al wit h o u t i nvo l v e m e n t in c h a r ity in on e f o r m o r a no t h e r . C h a r i t y i s accla i m ed as a g r e at v i r t u e in all t h e r eli g i on s! I n f act i f w e r ec ogn ize t h at p r e g n a n c y , d eli v e r y , b ea s t f ee d i n g a n d r e a r i n g o f n ew bo r n ; as an e x a m p l e o f g r eat c h a r i t y , t h en e v en t h e a n i m als w ou ld b e c r e d ited f o r t h e c h a r it y ! C h a r i t y a pp e a r s to b e a phy s i o l og ical n ee d ! B u t c h a r i ty h as a no t h er a ng le a l s o ! F o r t h e b e n e f ici a r i e s ; c h a r i t y can nu r t u r e i ndo le n ce, let h a r g y , i rr e s pon s i b ilit y , d e p e nd e n ce a n d p a r a s itic m e n tal i ty a n d t h e ov e r all e v il wit h i n ; i n s tead o f b l o ss o m i ng ; t h e c on s cie n ce. F o r t h e ph ila n t h r op i s t; it can nu r t u r e c ond e s ce nd i n g attit ud e, a rr og a n ce, i gno r i n g a n d t h e r e b y i nd i r ect l y j u s t i fy i ng ; e xp l o itati v e acti v ities a n d a s y st e m t h at s u i t s / b r ee d s t h e i n e qu ality a n d i n j u s ti c e. A p a r t fr o m t h i s ; t h e r e a r e s e v e r al s o c alled c h a r i t y ac t i v i ties, w h ich a r e act u ally m ea n t to b e u m b r ell a s to h i d e a n ti s o cial acti v iti e s ; o r s e r v i n g o t h er u lte r i o r m o t i v e s . I n a dd iti on ; t h e r e i s y et a no t h er a ng le! A v a s t m a j o r ity o f u s h a v e b ec o m e c y n ical s k e p tical a n d s u s p ic i ou s a bou t t h e u tility o f “ ou r c h a r it y ” , w h ich o f t en go es do wn t h e d r ain o r i s m i s u s e d !

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I n v iew o f t h e s e t h r ee a s p ec t s ; we t e n d to v acillate b et w een two c on f licti n g po s iti o n s ; v iz. p e r s i s te n t p r opon e n ts o r a r d e n t opp o n e n ts o f c h a r it y ! T o ov e r c o m e t h is c on f lict; we h a v e t o i m p r ov e t h e quo tie n t o f s at i s f acti o n ( Q OS) o r quo tie n t o f f u l f i l l m e n t (QO F ) o f o u r ‘ c h a r i t y’ ; b y met a m o r pho s i n g i t ! H o w can we d o it? A p a r t fr o m b a s ic a n d un a vo i d a b le ‘ c h a r it y ’ a c ti v ities s u c h a s ; p r e gn a n c y , d eli v e r y e tc; ou r acti v iti e s o f c ho ice; h a v e to b e s u ch t h at; t h ey c a nn o t 1 . N u r t u r e i ndo le n ce, let h a r g y , i r re s pon s i b ilit y , d e p e nd e n ce, p a r a s itic m e n tali t y , c ond e s c e nd i n g attit ud e, a r r og a n ce, j u s t i f i cati o n o f e xp l o itati v e acti v ities a n d a s y st e m t h at s u i t s / b r ee d s th e i n e qu ality a n d i n j u s tic e ; 2 . B e m i s u s ed a s u m b r ell a s to h i d e a n ti s o cial acti v iti e s ; a n d m i s u s ed to s e r v e o t h er u lte r i o r m o ti v e s ; a n d 3 . Go do wn t h e d r ai n ! T h e c ho icest acti v i ty t h at f u l f il l s a l l t h e s e c r it e r ia i s a p r o cess o f se l f r ealizati on . B u t m o s t o f u s ; c a nno t li v e on ly with s e l f r ealizati on ! He n c e t h e b e s t w a y i s ; c o m b i n i n g t h e p r o c e ss o f s e l f r eal i zati o n with e v e r y ‘ c h a r i t y acti v i t y ’ t h at s u i t s u s ! T hu s ; w h ile t r eati n g a p a tie n t, teac h i n g a s t ud e n t, f e e d i n g a n ee d y , h el p i n g a h el p les s ; we s ho u ld p r actice NAM A SM A R AN; t h e s i m p l e s t a n d ea s i e s t p r o ce du r e f o r s e l f r ealizati on ! W h at i s t r u e f o r ‘ c h a r it y’ ; i s a c t u ally t r u e f o r e v e r y acti v ity in l i f e; s o a s to i n c r e a s e t h e Q O S o r Q OF; in ou r o v e r all l i f e! He n ce i t is b e s t to c oup le e v e r y a cti v ity with N A MA SM A R AN!

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W e n eed no t b eli e v e in t h i s ; bu t v e r if y ! NA M A S M A R AN AND B L A C K M O N E Y T h e gov e r n m e n ts a ll ov er t h e w o r ld k eep o n g i v i n g s tati s ti c s ; o n t h e b a s i s o f t h e i r p a ra m e t e r s ; a bou t t h e c r i m e s a n d b lack m on ey in d i f f e r e n t c oun t r ie s . T h e s e l f s t y led s o cial r e f o r m er s a m ong s t u s ; al s o m a k e s h all o w a n d popu li s t s l og a n s a g ai n s t t h e c r i m e s a n d b la c k m on e y f o r p a m p e r i n g t h eir o wn i n f l ated e g o a s “ l e a d e r s ”! B u t s a d l y ; we d o no t g o t h e r oo ts o f c r i m e s a n d b lack m on e y . A s a r e s u lt; we t h e c o m m o n p e op le k eep g etti n g d i s t u r b ed a n d d e v el o p gu ilt c o m p lex a n d a s e n s e o f l o wli n e ss a nd / o r h el p les s n e s s . S hou ld no t we g o to t h e r oo ts o f c r i m es a n d b lack m on e y ? S hou ld no t we s t o p g etti n g b o gg ed do wn b y t h e s m a r t a n d call ou s o r t h e s h all o w a n d popu li s t el e m e n ts (i n s i d e a n d ou t s i d e)? I f w e d o no t g o to t h e r oo t s ; t h en w e w ou ld n e v er und e r s ta nd ; w h y t h e c r i m e s a n d b lack m on e y p r o l i f e r a t e i n a g i v en s o cie t y. W e w ou ld n e v er b e a b le to f i n d a n d p r ov i d e a s o l u ti on . T h e d e g r ee o f a pp r op r iate n ess o f c on stit u ti o n , tax la w s a n d r u le s , w h ich d ete r m i n e d e g r ee o f j u s t i ce, p e ac e , h a r m on y a n d t h e c o m p l i a n ce o f p e op le in p a y i n g ta x e s . F u r t h e r ; t h e m a nn er o f e xp e nd it u r e o f t h e ta x e s c o llecte d ; d eci d es t h e e x te n t to w h ich p e op le w ou ld t i m e l y , hon estly a n d h a pp ily p ay ta x e s! O n e o f t h e m a j o r c a u s e s o f b lack m o n ey i s t h e b itt e r n e ss a n d d i s g r un tl e m e n t; a m on g s t m a j o r i t y o f t h e p e op le t h at t h e y a r e b ei n g undu ly c o e r ci v el y , un j u s t i f ia b ly r obb ed o f t h eir l e g it i m a te a n d h a r d ea r n ed m on e y . T h ey f eel t h at t h ey a r e b ei n g d ecei v e d . T h is f eeli n g

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g r o ws b eca u s e o f t h e way t h e c o llec t ed tax is m i s u s ed a n d m i sa pp r op r iate d . Nat u r al l y t h i s i s f o ll o wed b y m a n i pu lati on s to h i d e m on e y a n d e v a d e t ax a n d i f we ca nno t e v a d e ( s al a r ied p e op le); we t r y to ea r n un la w f u ll y ; a n d h i d e it. T h is m o n ey s t a m p ed a s bl a ck m on e y ! I n g e n e r al; i n a pp r op r iate a n d un j u s t l a ws a n d r u l e s ; p r o m o te non c o o p e r ati on ; a n d d i s ob e d ie n ce o f la w s . A l s o , lack tr a n s p a r e n c y a n d j ud ici ou s u s e o f c o llected ta x ; nu r t u r e doub t, s u s p ici o n a n d h e s ita n cy in p a y i n g ta x es. T h e r e m a y b e e x c e p ti on s to t h is o b s e r v ati on . S o m e p e op le c ou ld b e e x t r a o r d i n a r ily hon e s t a n d s o m e e x t r a o r d i n a r ily d i s hon e s t. B u t t h at i t s e l f p r ov es t h e po i n t f o r t h e v a s t m a j o r i t y . Act u ally s u ch b la c k m on e y i s f a i r er t h an t h e m on e y ea r n ed b y ; c h eati ng , m i s gu i d i ng , s wi nd li ng , s te a li ng , e xp l o iti ng , r obb i ng , a du l te r ati on , e x t o r ti on , b r i b i n g . I t i s f ai r e r t h an t h e k i n d o f m on e y u s e d in m i sa pp r op r iati o n o f c o llected t ax a n d k i n d o f m on e y g e n e r ated b y m a k i n g a n d twi s t i n g laws ( o r r u l e s , s t at u tes etc ) ! T h i s k i n d o f m on e y i s d a r k er t h an t h e d a r k e s t! Act u ally we no t on ly i n f e s ted b y m e r e b lack m on e y bu t m o r e i m p o r ta n tly t h is d a r k er v a r i e ty o f m o n ey we j u s t c on s i d e r e d . W e a r e gov e r n ed b y no t j u s t b lac k ; bu t t h i s d a r k er v a r i ety o f m on e y ! W h y a r e we gov e r n ed b y s u ch d a r k est m on e y ? T h is i s b eca u se; ou r c on s c i e n ce i s d o m i n ated b y ou r b asal n at u r e. O u r h i gh er s e l f i s s upp r es s ed a n d t o r t u r ed b y ou r l o wer s e l f . O u r h i gh er s e l f is gov e r n ed b y ou r l o wer s e l f . He n ce we a r e r u led a n d d i ctate d ; b y i nd i v i du alis m , p et t i n es s , s up e r f iciali t y , g l a m o u r , a n d g litte r . W e a r e

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ov e r po we r ed b y m ate r ial pu r s u i t s ( o b li v i ou s to t h e h a r m ca u s ed to o t h e r s )! O u r p e r s p ecti v e, po lici e s , la ws, r u l e s ; a r e f a vo r a b le to nu r t u r e a n d p r o m o te d a r k e s t m on ey a n d b lack m on e y . T h e m o s t e ff e cti v e way a n d a go l d en oppo r t u n ity f o r g e t ti n g r id o f t h e s t r ess o f t h e d a r k est as well a s t h e b l a ck m on e y ; i s ; to u r g e n tly a n d v ict o r i ou s ly e m p o wer ou r c o n s cie n c e, ou r h i gh er s e l f ! T h is we c an ac h ie v e i f we i m m e d iately b e g in to p r actic e , s h a r e , te ac h , p r eac h , s pon s o r a n d d o w h ate v er we ca n ; to p r o m o te N AM A S M A R AN, in w h ich t h e ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e, po licie s , p la n s, la w s, r u l e a n d p r og r a m s a r e i m p licit l y i n c o r po r ate d . NA M A S M A R AN AND E AR N ING M O N E Y T h e r e a r e f o l l o wi n g v iew po i n ts a bou t m on e y . Do no t bo t h er a bou t m on e y b e c a u s e y o u a r e no t go i n g to ta k e it al on g with y o u a f t er y o u d ie. M on ey i s m o s t i m po r ta n t. N obod y c a r e s f o r y ou , i f y o u don ’ t h a v e m on e y . T h e fr ie n d s , r elati v e s, f a m i l y m e m b er s a n d e v en s pou s e a n d c h il d r en d o no t ca r e, i f y o u d o no t h a v e m on e y . So e a r n a n d s a v e m on ey in w h ate v er w ay po s si b le! M on ey i s i m po r ta n t. B u t ea r n m on ey in “ p r op er w a y ” o r b y “ le g it i m ate m e a n s ”. M on ey i s i m po r ta n t, bu t on ly in l i m i t s. E x c e ss m on ey c r eates t r oub le. 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . T h e f i r s t s tat e m e n t is popu lar a m ong st p e op le, bu t p r ob a b ly n o on e ta k es it se r i ou s l y . E v e r y n o w a n d t h e n ; we n eed m on e y w h en we a r e ali v e. F u r t h e r , we d o no t kno w w h at h a pp e n s a f ter d eath a n d h e n ce w h et h er we ca r r y t h e m on ey o r no t is i m m a t e r ial. M o s t i m po r ta n t t h i n g we kno w; is t h at we d e f i n itely r e q u i r e m on e y w h ile we a r e li v i n g a n d till we d i e ! S i n ce we d o no t kno w w h en we a r e

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go i n g to d ie, we w ou ld no t li k e to s t o p ea r n i n g a n d s a v i n g m on e y , till we a r e li v i n g a s n o on e can p r e d ict, ho w m u ch m on e y a n d w h en m a y b e r e qu i r e d . M on e y c e r tai n ly g i v es u s s uppo r t, as s u r a n ce, c o m f o r t, s e n se o f s ec u r i t y a n d p r o tecti on ; e s p ecial l y b e ca u s e we wit n ess t h e m i s e r y o f t ho s e w h o d o no t h a v e m on e y ; in t h e i r p r ob l e m s , ill n e s se s , acci d e n t s , o ld a g e o r d isa b l e m e n t du e to s o m e ca u s e o r o t h e r ! T h e s ec on d s ta te m e n t m a y a pp ear p r a ctically t e m p ti n g a n d att r acti v e. B u t s i m p l y w i s h i n g to b e r ic h , do e s n o t h elp ea r n i n g a n d s a v i ng . E v en a s we m ay li k e to b e i n f i n ite l y r ic h , i s it p r actical l y po s s i b l e to b e s o ; f o r e v e r y on e o f u s ? E v en i f w e c on s i d e r m on e y to b e m o st i m po r ta n t a n d t r y to ea r n it b y e v e r y p o s s i b le (e v en ille g it i m at e ) m e a n s ; m a n y o f u s ar e li k ely to b e eit h er ca ugh t a n d pun i s h ed o r d ecei v e d . He n ce; we ca n n o t m a k e m on ey s i m p l y b y g i v i n g i m po r ta n ce to m on e y ! T h e r e i s n o gu a r a n teed f o r m u la f o r b ec o m i n g r i ch j u s t b eca u s e we w i s h ! N o w, t h e t h i r d op t i o n o f e a r n i n g m on ey in “ p r op er m ea n s ” o r “ le g it i m ate m a nn e r ” i s e x t r e m e ly t r i c k y . T h e r e i s n o d e f i n i t e c r it e r i o n o f w h at is “ p r op e r ”! T h e e t h ical no r m s, c u s t o m s, t r a d iti on s a n d c onv e n ti on s ; in d i ff e r e n t p a r t s o f t h e w o r ld in d i ff e r e n t p e r i od s ; h a v e b een d i f f e r e n t. T h e l a ws, r e gu lati on s , o r d i n a n ces, a n d gov e r n m e n t r u le s ; no t m e r ely v a r y ; bu t a r e o f ten a c t u ally d e s i gn ed to f a vo r s o m e; a n d h a r m o t h er s ! T h e s o called et h i c al a n d hon e s t e a r n i n g is r e nd e r ed “ c o r r up t” i f t h e p la n s a n d po licies o f ou r r u le r s a r e c o rr up t! A l t e r n ati v e l y ; l oo ti n g t h e alien a n d opp r es s i v e r u le r ’ s t r e a s u r e s ; h as b e en accla i m ed a n d a do r ed with g r eat r e s p ect a n d hono r !

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W ith r e s p e c t to f o u r th op ti on ; t h e li m i t o f m on ey i s an a m b i guou s i d ea. No on e kno ws w h at a m oun t w ou ld b e t h e p r op er l i m it a n d f o r w h o m ! T h is i s s o ; b eca u se n ee d s v a r y f r o m p e r s o n to p e r s on , f r o m c h il dhoo d to o ld a g e, f r o m p la c e to p lace a n d fr o m sit u ati o n o f h ea l th to t h at o f ai l m e n t. M o r e ov er h a r d ly a n y bod y c a n ea r n a s p ec i f ic a m oun t e x act l y a s p er s p e c i f ic n ee d s at a p a r t i c u lar t i m e ! I n s ho r t, t h e r e i s n o d e p e nd a b le a n d s p eci f ic gu i d eli n e f o r c hoo s i n g a p a r tic u lar c a r e e r t h at can a s s u r e f i n a n cial s u cc e s s , as s u r a n ce a n d s a f e t y du r i n g ou r li f e ( e s p ecially du r i n g ou r ai l m e n t s a n d p r ob l e m s)! W h at can b e s aid a bou t ea r n i n g a n d s a v i n g m o n e y i s ; “ W e s hou ld no t b e un r eali s ti c , p a n ic k y , h y s te r i c al, i n s e c u r e, d e s p e r ate a n d m i se r a b le (a n d m a k e o t h e r s a l s o m i se r a b l e ); o r d eli r i ou s , e upho r ic, c al l ou s , d i s c r i m i n ate a n d b a r b a r ic; a bou t how ; a n d ho w m u c h ; we s hou ld ea r n a n d ho w m u ch we s hou ld s a v e! H o w to m a n a g e t h i s ? NAM A SM A R AN is s aid to e n s u r e ; w ho le s o m e b l o s s o m i n g o f ou r s e n s e o f j ud g m e n t a n d w i s d o m ; to c hoo s e/ d eci d e; t h e a pp r op r i ate c a r ee r s a n d w o r k with op t i m al e f f icie n c y in i t . T h is e n s u r e s ; a pp r op r iate e a r n i n g , s p e nd i ng , s a v i n g a n d s ec u r i t y . T h i s a l s o e n s u r e s m a x i m u m f u l f il l m e n t; t h r oug h h o li s tic p e r s p ecti v e , po lic y , p la n s a n d p r og r a m s f o r ov e r all b l o ss o m i n g o f on e a n d all! NA M A S M A R AN AND HE A LT H H e a l t h , P a t i en t , D o c t o r ’ s dil e m m a , Addic t i o n s , M ed i c a l Pr o f es s i o n, H o lis t ic P r e s cr i p t i o n, H e a ling he a l t h c a r e , h o lis t ic medicine NA M A S M A R AN AND HE A LT H

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Health i s ; phy s ica l , m e n t a l, s o cia l ; s p i r it u al a s w ell a s o t h er a s p ec t s o f well b ei ng . O u t o f t h e s e f ou r a s p ec t s o f h ea l t h , t h e s p i r i t u al a s p ect i s t h e m o s t i m po r ta n t a s p ect o f h ealt h . T h i s is b eca u s e ; t h e s p i r it u al h ealth c o m b i n e s ; p e r ce p t i o n s , t hought s , c on ce r n s a n d acti ons , w h ich s i m u l t a n e ou s ly c o n t r i bu te to t h e we l f a r e o f t h e i nd i v i d u al a n d t h e s o cie t y . T h e i m p o r ta n ce o f t h i s s p i r i t u al a s p ect o f h eal t h can b e e a s i l y s een fr o m t h e l i f e o f m a n y s e er s a n d s a g e s . Health t h e r e f o r e s hou ld b e es s e n tial l y und e r s t oo d as s p i r it u al h e alt h . S o cial, e m o t i on al a n d ph y s ical well b ei n g s hou ld b e c on s i d e r ed a s t h e m e a n s to ac h ie v e t h e s p i r it u al h ealth o n t h e on e h a n d ; a n d b y p r odu c ts o f t h e s p i r it u al h ealth o n t h e o t h e r . T hu s t h e m ea n s to ac h ie v e s p i r it u al h ealth a r e m a n y . P hy s ical, e m o ti on al, ec on o m ic, s o cial, c u lt u r al, e du cati on al, tec hno l og ical, e nv i r o n m e n tal a n d po litical well b ei n g a r e m a n y t i m e s t h e e f f e cts o f s p i r it u al h ealt h , i f t h e r u ler i s s p i r it u a l ly e n li gh te n e d . B u t o t h e r w i s e; f o r a c o m m o n i nd i v i d u al; t h ey a r e t h e v e h icles to r each s p i r it u al h ealt h . T hu s , on e c an a pp r eciate t h at m ai n te n a n ce o f goo d ph y s i cal h ealth ca nno t b e a n d s hou ld no t b e s e p a r at e d fr o m t h e p e r s p e c ti v e o f s p i r it u al h ealt h . S u ch se p a r ati o n lea d s to i n c r e a s i n g p etti n e s s a n d c o rr up ti o n in m e d ical f iel d . Tr u e h ealth ca nno t b e po s si b le f o r ph y sic a lly s ound , wealt h y , e du cated a n d y et s o cial l y o p p r es s i v e p e r s on . S i m i la r l y t r u e h ealth ca nno t b e po s si b le f o r a p e r s o n i ndu l g i n g in ca s t e po li t ic s , e nv i r o n m e n tal d e s t r u cti on , i nvo l v e m e nt ; in d e s t r u cti v e a s p ect o f nu clear wea pon s e v en i f h e is e du cate d , r ich a n d ph y s ical l y s o u nd . Tr u e h ealth ca nno t b e po ss i b le f o r on e w h o i s un e du cate d , ec on o m ic ally e xp l o ited a n d s o cial l y opp r e s s ed e v en i f h e i s p h y s i c ally s t r on g a n d m e n tal l y und i s t u r b e d . I f N A M AS MA R A N i s p r act i ce d , on e g ets t h e e xp e r ie n c e o f s p i r it u al h ealth i.e. t r u e h ea l th a n d g r a du ally c on t r i bu te s ; to e vo l v i n g v a r i ou s v e h icles w h ich can ta k e t h e s o cie t y to s p i r it u al h ealt h . T h is i s b eca u s e NAM A SM A R AN op e n s on e ' s v i s i o n e v en if on e i s no t a do ct o r a n d e n a b les on e to e ff e cti v ely c on t r i bu te t o h ealth in on e ' s s p ec i f ic f iel d . T hu s a p e r s on ' s s p i r it u al d e v el o p m e n t e m e r g i n g as t h e r e s u lt o f NAM A SM A R AN r e f lec t s in h is ec on o m i c p e r s p ecti v e, a pp r o ach to

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e du cati on , s o cial t o le r a n ce a s well a s ci v ic s e n se, e nv i r on m e n t fr ie nd li n ess etc. I t is t h r oug h s u ch m a n i f e s ta t i on s t h at t h e s e f iel d s c an b ec o m e v e h icl e s w h ich can ta k e u s to t h e s p i r it u al h eal t h . T hu s NAM A SM A R AN is a k ey to ho li s tic h ealt h . NA M A S M A R AN AND P A T I E N T P h y s i cal a n d m e n t al ai l m e n ts a r e p a r t a n d p a r cel o f l i f e . S o m et i m e s ai l m e n t s a r e m i no r s u ch a s c ough , c o l d , f e v e r , h ea d ac h e etc; w h ile at o t h er t i m e s t h e ai l m e n t s m ay b e m a j o r on es s u ch a s t u b e r c u l o s i s , t y pho i d , p e p tic u lce r , k i dn ey s t on e, e n la r g e m e n t o f p r o state et c . Ma j o r ai l m e n t r e qu i r e s p r o t r acted m e d i cal a n d o r s u r g ical i n te r v e n ti on s . S o m et i m e s t h e ai l m e n t can b e f u ll o f p ain a n d s o m e t i m es f u ll o f h a nd ica p . Ma n y t i m e s it can b e f u ll o f all s o r t s o f t r oub l es a n d a gon ie s . T hu s , no n h eali n g u lce r s, m e n i ng iti s , o s te o m y elit i s , t r i g e m i n al n e u r al g ia, g la u c o m a , h e r p e s z o s te r , bu r n s, fr ac t u r es etc. can p r odu ce p ain a s w ell a s m o r b i d it y . D i s e a s e s s u ch a s ca n ce r , A I DS, r a b i e s , Alz h e i m e r ' s d i s e ase can b e d e v a s tati ng . S o m et i m e s b li ndn es s , d e a f n e s s , p a r a l y s i s , m a j o r acci d e n ts etc. can ca u s e se v e r e d e f o r m i ty a n d h a nd ica p . D i s e a s e s s u ch a s m e n tal r eta r d ati on , m u lti p le s cl e r o s i s, s c h iz oph r e n ia, M a n ic d e p r es s i v e p s y c h o s i s , g e n etic d i s e a s e s li k e ph e n y l k et onu r ia, fr a g ile x s y nd r o m e , etc. m a y b e a s s o c i ated with s e v e r e m e n tal dy s f un cti on s . NAM A SM A R AN op e n s ou r e y es to t r u ly g e nu i n e ho li s t ic a pp r o ach i rr e s p ecti v e o f w h e t h er we a r e p atie n t s , do ct o r s o r p atie n t ' s r elati v e s . T h e ho li s tic a pp r o ach o f p r e v e n ti o n a n d c u r e i nvo l v es an e m ph a s is o n c on ce p t u al un ity o f all a pp a r e n tly se g r e g ated m e d i c al d i s ci p li n e s o r p at h ie s . I t i s f ar m o r e e ff icie n t a n d ef f ecti v e t h an t h e c o nv e n ti on al " i s o lati on i s t" a pp r o ac h . I n ho li s tic a pp r o ach b e s i d e s o t h er t h i ng s , p atie n t ' s o wn r o le in h eali n g a n d h ealth p r o m o t i o n is g i v en du e i m por ta n ce. I n o t h er w o r d s , t h e a r t o f s e l f h eali n g t h r oug h s e l f h elp i s a m aj o r b y p r odu ct o f N AMA S M A R A N. T h e p atie n t can ar ou s e a n d u tilize h i s / h er i nn ate e n e r g i es in h e ali n g h i m se l f o r h e r s e l f ; t h r oug h p r actice o f NA M A S M A R A N .

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I t h a s b een a n o ld p r actice in w h ich t h e p atie n ts in t e r m i n al s ta g e s a r e ta k en to ho ly p lac e s a n d H o l y S c r i p t u r es a r e r ea d , h y m n s a n d m a n t r a s a r e r ecite d , p r a y e r s a r e s ung ; s o a s to c r eate a h eali n g a t m o s ph e r e a n d o r ie n t t h e p atie n t t o wa r d s h i s / h er t r u e s e l f . N A MA S M A R A N i s a l s o p r acticed b y t h e b e d s i d e o f t h e p at i e n t; with t h e s a m e a i m . NAM A SM A R AN h el p s t h e p atie n t to f o c u s t h e atte n ti o n o n h is / h e r t r a n s c e nd e n tal e x iste n ce. T h i s m a k e s t h e s e v e r ity o f t h e p e r ce p ti o n o f a gon ies a n d t h e h e l p les s n ess a s s o cia t ed with it m u ch l e s s . T h e h el p l e ss i nvo l v e m e n t in p a i n a n d m i s e r y b ec o m e s l e s s . T h i s i s a n e xp e r ie n ce o f m a ny . S o m e i d e n t i f y t h e N A MA with t h eir G u r u . N AM ASM A R AN g i v es t h e m t h e a d d iti on al s o lace a n d s uppo r t o f t h e c a r i n g l ov i ng , c o m p a n y o f t h eir G u r u . T h e y e xp e r i e n ce a g r e a t d eal o f r el ie f , c o m f o r t a n d c ou r a g e in t h e c o m p a n y o f t h eir G u r u . W ith N AM A SM A R A N t h e s e l f d e s t r u cti v e o r d e s pond e n t r e s pon s e to t h e d i s e a s e can b e t r a n s f o r m ed i n to a m o r e c o m po s ed a n d v ict o r i ou s on e. Patie n ts o f a n x iet y , n e u r o s i s , i n s o m n i a , h y p e r te n s i o n , s pond y l o s i s , p e p tic u lce r , u lc e r a ti v e c o litis a n d m a n y p ai n f u l c ond iti on s a r e o f ten b e n e f ited fr o m NA MA S M A R A N . C o m m o n p e op le with c o m m o n s e n s e; n e v er d i s pu te t h e q u alitati v e b e n e f i t s o f N A MA S M A R AN. T h ey p r actice it al on g w ith r e s t o f t h e t r ea t m e n t! NA M A S M A R AN AND D O C T O R ' S D I L E MM A Ma n y ti m e s it i s o b s e r v ed t h at a p at i e n t w h o c o m e s f o r t r ea t m e n t h a s c o m m it t ed on e o r m o r e c r i m e s s u ch as r a p e, m u r d e r , t h e f t, ar s on , l oo ti n g etc. W h et h er to s e r v e; o r no t to s e r v e s u c h a c r i m i n al p atie n t? S h o u ld on e c on f o r m to t h e l a w s o r e t h ical c onv e n ti on s , w h ich a s k u s to t r y a n d t r eat e v e r ybod y i rr e s p ecti v e e v e ry t h i n g e l s e? W h at, i s a do ct o r s u ccess f u l l y t r ea t s a p atie n t, bu t on ly t o f i n d t h at t h e p atie n t s ub se qu e n tly c o m m i t s on e o r m o r e c r i m e s ?

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W h at s e n s e s u ch m e d ical " s e r v ic e s" m a k e? H o w s hou ld a do c t o r r eact; w h en h e / s h e do es no t c h a r g e f e e s , a n d t h e s a m e p atie n t s qu a n d e r s m on e y ; o r k i n dn e s s i s r i d ic u le d ; a n d m al- p r actiti on e r s a r e a d o r e d ? T h e s e s o cial c i r c u m sta n c e s c o n s tit u te a m o r b id m il i eu w h ich is d et r i m e n tal to t h e h ealth o f an i nd i v i du al a n d s o ciet y . S i n ce t h e p e r s p ecti v e s a n d t h e acti on s o f i nd i v i du als a n d t h e s o ci a l m ilieu m u t u al l y c o m p l e m e n t each o t h e r , i t i s n ecessa r y t h at t h e s o l u ti o n to t h is p r ob l e m o f d il e m m a h a s to h a v e an e f f ect at bo t h ; an i nd i v i d u al as well as s o cial le v e l s . N AMA S M A R A N i s s u ch a t oo l w h ich h el p s an i nd i v i du al to o v e r c o m e p etti n e ss a n d t h e r e b y g e n e r a te p e r s p e cti v es, po licies a n d acti o n s c ondu ci v e to r ec t i f i cati o n o f t h e s o c ial a t m o s ph e r e . NAM A SM A R AN can e n li gh ten t h e c on ce r n ed i nd i v i du als a bou t t h e t r u e m e a n i n g o f h ealt h , h ealth ca r e , ho li s ti c m e d ici n e , m e d i c al e du cati on ; m e d ical et h ics a n d s o on . NAM A SM A R AN g r a du ally un i f i e s t h e i nd i v i du al with t h e c o m m o n s ub s t r at u m o f t h e un i v e r s e. T h is un i f icati o n is r eal i za b le s u b j ecti v e l y ; w h ile it s i m u l t a n e ou s ly a n d act u al l y l i nk s on e i nd i v i du al with a no t h er i nd i v i du al. T hu s t h e r e i s act u al i n te g r ati o n o f t h e i nn ate c o r e o f on e i nd i v i du al, t h r ou g h t h e s u b s t r at u m w h ich is a gov e r n i n g li nk , with t h e i nn ate c o r e t h e o t h er i nd i v i du al s . T hu s , t h is k i n d o f s e l f r ealizati o n h a s an ob j ecti v e c oun te r p a r t in t e r m s o f i ts li b e r ati n g a n d un iti n g i n f l u e n ce o n t h e o t h er i nd i v i du als e v en i f t h ey a r e no t i nvo l v ed in NAM A SM A R AN. T h e n at u r e o f t h i s i n f l u e n ce i s no t d e s c r i b a b le in te r m s o f phy s ical o r c h e m i cal f o r c e s . F u r t h e r m o r e; it i s n e v er an a r b it r a r y o r m a n i p u lati v e ph y s i c al, p o litical o r m e n tal i n f l u e n ce. W h en t h e m i nd s s t a r t f eeli n g t h e s e i n n ate bond s t h e a t m o s ph e r e i s r a d ically c h a ng e d . T h e a t m o s ph e r e b y its o wn v i r t u e a s well a s b y v i r t u e o f e n li gh te n ed law s ; e t h ics etc. cata l y ze t h e e m a n ci p ati o n o f do ct o r s a n d fr e e s t h e m fr o m t h e d il e m m a w h ile s i m u l t a n e ou s ly e m p o we r i n g t h e p atie n ts in s e l f h e a li ng !

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NAM A SM A R AN g i v es a c o m m o n g o al, c o m m o n m i s s i on , c o m m o n pu r po s e a n d c o m mo n f u l f il l m e n t to t h e do ct o r s as well a s t h e p at i e n ts (a n d al s o t h e o t h er p e op le c on ce r n ed d i r ectly o r i nd i r ec t l y ) b e c a u s e o f i nn ate un it y . T h u s NAM A SM A R AN can act li k e a d r u g t h at e r a d icat e s d i s e a s e fr o m no t on ly t h e s k in to s o u l o f t h e p atie n t s a n d do ct o rs ; bu t al s o t h e s o cie t y . NA M A S M A R AN AND AD D I C T I O NS A dd icti o n can b e d e f i n ed a s t h e d e p e nd e n ce o n a n y t h i ng , w h ich is p r on e to d e r a ng e o r d e r a i l t h e s tate o f c on s c i ou s n es s . I n p r ac ti ce, a dd icti o n i s ph y s ical a n d p s y c h o l og ical d e p e nd e n ce o n i n t ox icati n g s ub s ta n c e s s u ch as alc oho l, op i u m , n a r c o tic d r ug s , t ob acco etc. A c o m mo n a r g u m e n t a g ai n s t s u ch s ub s t a n ces i s t h at t h ey c a u s e h a r m to phy s ic al h ealt h , s o cial s tat u s , f a m ily f i f e a n d ec on o m ic c ond iti on s . I t m u s t b e po i n ted ou t h e r e t h at t houg h t h is a r g u m e n t i s c o rr ect, t h e m o s t i m p o r ta n t a n d d a m a g i n g i n f l u e n ce t h e s e a dd icti on s h a v e, is o n t h e s t ate o f c on s ci ou s n e s s , o r b a s ic pu r po s e o f l i f e. T h e s t a te o f c on s ci ou s n ess o f an i nd i v i du al d ete r m i n e s t h e p e r ce p ti o n a n d t h e n at u r e o f r e s pon s e to t h e s u rr ound i n g a n d f e ll o w b ei ng s . T h e r e f o r e, t h e e d i f ice o f c u lt u r e h as to b e bu ilt o n t h e f ound ati o n o f t h e h e a lt h y s tate o f c o n s ci ou s n es s ; c ondu cti v e to i n c r e a s i ng ly ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e, t h i nk i n g , f eeli ng s, i n s ti n cts a n d b e h a v i o r as s o ciat e d with j o y a n d c o n te n t m e n t. I n p r e s e n t s it u ati o n c o m m o n m a n ' s c o n s ci ou s n e ss i s i n c e s s a n tly attac k ed b y ph e n o m e n a , w h ich a r e a pp a r e n tly a b s u r d , u n j u s t a n d at r o ci ou s . I n e v e r y walk a n d e v e r y sta g e o f l i f e, t h is i s m a n i f e s t. T hu s m a ss c op y i ng , n e po tis m , f a vo r it i s m , v e s ted i n t e r e s t s , c o e r ci on ; a r e r a m p a n t in e du cati on al f i eld t o w h ich t h e c h il d r en a r e e xpo se d . B r i b i ng , ca s te i s m , et hn ic/ r eli g i ou s d isc r i m i n ati o n a n d h a t r e d , c h eati ng , sw i nd li ng , m a n i pu lati o n etc. a r e ov e r w h e l m i ng , t o w h ich a c o m m o n m an i s e xpo s e d . E xp l o itati o n a n d h a r as s m e n t a r e m e n aci n g to w h ich opp r es s ed s ecti o n s o f t h e s o c i ety a r e e xpo s e d . T h e s e ph e n o m e n a c on s tit u te t h e

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h al l m a r k o f t od a y ' s s o cie t y . A dd ed to t h is a r e ph e n o m e n a s u ch a s b i go t ry , f a n at i c i s m , te r r o r i sm et c , w h i ch s u f f o c ate on e ' s c on s cie n ce a s well a s c on s ci ou s n es s . B u t t h at i s no t all. W e in t h e m e d i a a n d a dv e r ti s i n g bu s i n e ss; o f ten p o s s e s s ed b y s e n s ati on ali s m ; g l o r i f y g l a m ou r a n d g litter a n d s u p e r f ici a l a n d s h all o w te nd e n cie s ; a n d c on t r i bu te to t h e d ete r i o r ati o n o f ou r o wn a n d pub lic m i n d s e t ! T h i s l ea d s to d is s at i s f ac t i o n a n d l o wly s e l f- i m a g e. As a re s u lt we d e v el o p v e ng ea n ce a n d c r aze to f eel h i g h a n d r e s o r t to al c oho l a n d t h e li k e s . T h e d e m a nd ; to alc oho l a n d o t h er a dd icti v e d r ug s ; t hu s k ee p s r i s i ng . O n e can e a s i l y a p p r eciate t h at e s p eci a lly t h e c h il d r en a r e in vu l n e r a b le po s iti o n a n d a r e l i k ely to g et d r a wn t o eit h er v i o le n ce o r g et hook ed b y v a r i ou s m ea n s o f e s ca p i s m . I n f act t h i s i s t h e r e a s o n w h y v i o le n ce is a l s o o n r i s e al ong - with t h e a dd icti on . T ho s e w h o b ec o m e v i o le n t d o no t n eces s a r ily b ec o m e v i o le n t to o t h e rs ; bu t b ec o m e v i o le n t to t h e m sel v e s ; al s o . T hu s , t h ey t a k e to e x ces s i v e a n d h e n ce s u ici d al d r i nk i ng , s m ok i ng , d r ugg i n g , g a m b li n g , un c on t r o lled a n d i n j u r i ou s p a r t y i n g , po r nog r a ph y , p r o s tit u ti o n a n d s o on , b e s i d e s i n t ox icati n g s ub s t a n ces. T h e l og ical a n d e f f ecti v e s o l u ti o n to t h e m e n ace o f a d d icti on s i s to e ff ec t i v ely d e f e at t h e attac k s o n c on s ci o u s n ess b y g r o wi n g in s t r e ng th f r o m w it h i n . T h is i s no t e a s y . Bu t a f ter r e p eated e f f o r ts t h is can b e p o s s i b le b y NAM A SM A R AN. B e ca u se NAM A SM A R AN g i v es u s a rea d y a c cess to t h e s tate o f s e l f l e ss h a pp i n e s s a s well as t h e f oun tai nh ead o f c on s ci ou s n e ss t h at lea d s to t h e h ealt h ier d e v el op m e n t o f h u m an ci v ilizati o n . T h i s i s a n d ough t to b e t h e b a s i s o f t h e p r e s e n t a n d f u t u r e ci v ili z ati on . NAM A SM A R AN can g i v e u s t h e s t r e ng th to f e a r l e s s ly f ace a n d c onqu er ou r o wn as well as s o cial e v i l s a n d c o n t r i bu te to t h e bu il d i n g o f n ew c u lt u r e c ondu cti v e to t h e d e v el o p m e n t o f h ealt h ier c on s c i ou s n ess a n d j oy . T h is w ho le p r o cess c an b e e xp e r ie n ced b y p r act i ce a n d p r o m o ti o n o f N A M A S M A R AN.

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O n e w h o p r actic e s NA M A S M A R AN can e xp e r ie n ce t h i s s t r e ng th a n d l ov e, w h ich a r e i n st r u m e n tal o r p i vo tal in t h e d e v el o p m e n t a n d i m p le m e n t a ti o n o f po licies a n d p r og r a m s f o r t h e d e v el op m e n t o f h ealt h ier i nd i v i du a l a n d s o cie t y . T h e v i o le n ce a n d a dd ict io n w ou ld s i gn i f ica n t l y r e du ce in s u ch a s o cie t y . NA M A S M A R AN AND ME D I C A L P R O F E S SI O N A n y on e c o m m i tt e d to Me d ical p r o f e s s i on ; a n d w h o r e si s t s t h e c o rr up t p r actic e s ; r e qu i r e s a v a r ie t y o f s k il l s , kno wle dg e, h a r d w o r k a n d a b ility to d e v el o p po licie s , a d m i n i s t r ati v e c a p a b ilit y , cl e an a n d unp r e j ud iced m i nd , b r a v e h e a r t a n d an e n li gh te n ed s ou l. T h e i nd i v i du als in m e d ical p r o f e s si on s r e qu i r e a bov e qu alities e s p ecial l y ac u tely b e c a u s e t h eir du ty i s d i r ect l y r elated to t h e h eal i n g o f m a nk i nd . T h e s e qu aliti e s a f f ect t h eir p e r ce p ti o n , t h eir f eeli ng s , t h eir t h i nk i ng , a n d t h eir p e r s p ecti v e o f l i f e a n d t h eir a ct i on s , w h ich in t u r n d i r ectly a ff ect h u m an l i f e, eit h er b e n e f ic i ally o r a d v e r sel y . O n e can e a s i l y und e r sta n d t h at m e d ical p r o f e s s i o n i s p ec u liar in t h e s e n s e ; t h at in m e d ical p r o f e s s i o n l i f e le ar n s a bou t l i f e a n d li f e t r ea t s l i f e. T h is h as m a d e m e d ical p r o f e s si o n t r ic k ier t h an t h at w h at it s e e m s to b e . T hu s, t h e qu e s ti on s g e n e r a te d b y t e s t t ub e b a by , g e n etic e ng i n ee r i n g etc. a r e e x t r e m e l y d i ff ic u lt to a n s w e r . S i m ila r ly p atie n t s w i th f a t al ill n ess o r p e r m a n e n t h a nd ic a p s a r e e x t re m e l y d i ff ic u lt to m a n a g e, b eca u s e o f t h e p s y c ho l og ical, f a m ilial a n d s o c i al i m p licati on s . T hu s , e u t h a n a s ia i .e. m e r c y k illi ng , c h e m o t h e r a p y o f ca n c e r s et c . a r e ve r y d i ff ic u lt i s s u e s to s o r t ou t. T o t h i s ; o n e can a dd ; t h e i ss u e o f i n f licti n g i n j u r ies to e xp e r i m e n tal a n i m al s . C on s i d e r i n g t h e c h a r act e r i s tic n at u r e o f m e d ical p r o f e s s i o n ; it can b e ea s i l y s e en t h at a m e d ical p r o f e s si on al do i n g a j o b o f a wa r d bo y , s w e e p e r , nu r s e , te c hn icia n , v acci n at o r , teac h e r , a d m i n i s tr at o r , p la nn er o r a n y o t h er h a s to h a v e a s e l f l e ss a n d e n li gh te n ed h ea r t, m i n d a n d s ou l.

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T h e r e f o r e, w h ate v er b e t h e t y p e o f j o b on e is e ng a g ed i n , NAM A SM A R AN will qu alitati v ely i m p r ov e it. T h is i s b ec au s e NAM A SM A R AN clea n s t h e m i n d ; o f f p r e j ud ic e s a n d p e tty pu r s u its. T hu s , a s u r g e o n w i ll b e a b le to m a k e a m o r e a pp r op r iate d eci s i o n eit h e r in f a vo r o f ; o r a g a i n s t s u r g e r y . S i m i l a r ly a p la nn er w i ll b e b etter e qu i pp ed with s e l f l ess v i s i o n a n d h e n ce b e a b le to u s e h i s i n telli g e n ce a n d e xp e r ti s e in d e v el o p m e n t o f e ff e c ti v e a n d s o cial l y b e n e f i cial p e r s p ecti v e, p la n s a n d po licie s , e m b o d y i n g t h e c on ce p ts o f ho li s tic h ealth a n d ho li s tic m e d ici n e. NAM A MS A R AN w ou ld lead to t h e e xp e r ie n ce o f s e l f l e s s n e s s a m on g s t t h e m e d ical p r o f e s s i on als. T h is is e sse n tial b eca u s e in t h e a b s e n ce o f t h i s ; on e ' s acti o n s , f eeli ng s , t hough t s , d eci s i on s a n d f o r t h at m att e r e v e ry t h i n g g ets a d v e r s e l y i n f l u e n ced b y a v itiated et ho s . T h is lea d s to c o m m itti n g o f e r r o r s, m i s ta k e s , b l und e r s a n d c r i m e s . I n t h e v itiated a t m o s ph e r e t h e s e t h i ng s m u lti p ly a n d all a s p ec t s o f m e d ical p r o f e s s i o n g et d ete r i o r ate d . O n e can e a s i l y a pp r e ciate t h at with N A MA S M A R AN on e ' s acti on s b ec o m e c ondu cti v e to p e r s on al s a tis f acti o n as well as pu r i f i c ati o n o f t h e v itiat e d a t m o s ph e r e. T h i s i s b eca u se with NAM A SM A R AN on e attai n s t h e e x iste n ce t h at h a s e m a n ci p ati n g i n f l u e n ce o n on e ' s o wn as well a s o t h e r ' s li v e s . I t i s t h e k ey to o r t h e p a n acea f o r e r a d i c ati o n o f t h e g r a v e d i s e a s e s o f m e d i c a l p r o f e s s i o n ; s u ch as c u t p r acti c es, n e po tis m , f a vo r it i s m , m o r b i d , c a n ce r ou s a n d i n f ecti ou s m a t e r ial pu r s u its, i n s ec u r i t y , fr u s t r a t i on s ; call ou s n e ss a n d s o on . NA M A S M A R AN AND A HO L I S T I C P R E S C R I P T I O N: As we g o o n e vo l v i ng ; we b e g in to a pp r eciate s o m et h i n g i n te r e s ti n g a bou t p r e s c r i p ti o n o f a do ct o r ! W h at i s t h i s i n t e r e s ti n g t h i ng ? T h is i n t e r e s ti n g r e v elati o n is a bou t; 1 ) t h e ob jecti v e a n d 2 ) a h it h e r to un t h o ught - o f c o m m o n d e n o m i n at o r o f a do ct o r ’ s p r e s c r i p ti on !

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T hu s ; w e s ta r t r e c ogn izi n g t h at t h e o b j ec t i v e o r a i m o f a do ct o r’ s p r e s c r i p ti o n h as to b e; h eali n g t h e bo dy , i n s ti n c t s , u r g es, e m o ti on s , m o ti v ati o n s , t hough t s , p e r s p e c ti v e o r v i s i o n a n d b e h a v i o r o f t h e p at i e n t. N o t on ly t h e p ati e n t bu t al s o ; t h e do c t o r h i m se l f / h er s e l f ! I n f act; it s hou ld b e a pp lica b le no t on ly to t h e p atie n t a n d t h e do ct o r bu t to t h e w ho le s o cie t y . T h is i s b eca u se; t h is k i n d o f ho li s t ic h eali n g h as t re m e n dou s po te n tial. I t can a ff ect t h e i nn e r a t m o s ph e r e a s w ell t h e ou ter s u r r ound i ng s . I t can no t on ly i n f l u e n ce t h e h ealth o f t h e f a m i l y a n d w o r k i n g p l a ce (i n cl ud i n g a ho s p ital o r a d i s p e n s a r y ) bu t al s o t h e w ho le s o cie t y ! T h e ho li s tic h eali n g o f t h e s o ciety in t u r n h as t h e h eali n g a n d e m a n ci p ati n g i n f l u e n ce o n t h e i nd i v i du al! W e can g i v e m a n y e x a m p l e s o f t h is. T hu s a ho li s tic h ea li n g o f a w o r ld l ea d er lea d s to a d e v e l o p m e n t o f a g l ob ally b e n e vo le n t h ealth po licies. T h e s e po licies in t u r n p r o m o te t h e ho li s tic h ealth p r o m o ti o n o f i nd i v i du als a r oun d t h e w o r l d . W h at i s t r u e f o r an i n te r n ati on al h eal t h po licy i s a l s o t r u e f o r a n ati on al, r e g i on al a n d l o cal h ealth po li c y . O b v i ou s l y ; al on g with t h e po lic y ; t h e p la n , p r og r a m a n d its i m p l e m e n tati o n is a l s o i m po r ta n t ! F u r t h e r m o r e; it is a l s o t r u e f o r an i n te r n ati on al, n ati on al, r e g i on al a n d l o cal po licies, p la n s a n d p r og r a m s in o t h er f iel d s ; a p a r t fr o m t h e h ealth ca r e, m e d i c al e du cati on , ph a r m a ce u tical p r odu cti o n a n d s al e ! T h u s p o licie s , p la n s, p r og r a m s a n d t h eir i m p l e m e n tati o n in e du cati on , a g r ic u l t u r e, i ndu s t r y ; al s o i n f l u e n ce t h e h ealth o f an i nd i v i du al. He n ce i d eal l y ; t h e p r e s c r i p ti o n s hou ld i n cl ud e gu i d eli n es , w h ich e m b od y t h e p r e v e n ti v e, c u r ati v e a n d r e h a b ilit a ti v e m e a s u r e s ; wi t h r e s p e ct to all t h e po licie s , p la n s , p r og r a m s a n d t h e i r i m p l e m e n tati on !

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I s t h is po s s i b le? O bv i ou s ly no t! I n cl u s i o n o f all t h e d etails o f s u ch gu i d eli n es in a p r e s c r i p ti o n ca nno t b e e xp ected f r o m a n y t r eati n g do ct o r ! U s u al l y a do ct o r i s t r ai n ed in a p a r tic u lar s y s t e m a n d a p a r tic u lar s p e cialty o f m e d ici n e. B u t e v en i f a do ct o r we r e to b e t r ai n ed in all t h e s y s t e m s ; h e o r s h e w ou ld no t b e a b le to c o m p l y with s u c h a d e m a nd ! 2 ) B u t as t h e ob je c ti v e o r a i m i s m o r e t h an j u s t i f i e d ; we b e g in to f i n d s o m e w a y to f u l f ill t h e n eed f o r s u ch a p r e s c r i p ti on . As we g o o n t h i nk i ng ; we a r e s t r u ck b y an i d ea; t h at e v e n t hou g h all t h e d etails o f gu i d eli n es a r e no t po s s i b le; a n y do ct o r p r ob a b ly can a dv i s e e v e r y p at i e n t with s o m e t h i n g t h at can s o w t h e s ee d s o f h o li s tic p e r s p ecti v e, po licie s , p la n s a n d p r og r a m s , in p atie n t ’ s m i n d ! A f ter a p r o t r acted s e a r c h ; f o r s u ch a c o m m o n d e n o m i n at o r o f s u ch a p r e s c r i p ti o n ; we b e g in to s ee r a y s o f h op e! W e s ta r t g ett i n g h i n ts o f a d e n o m i n at o r; c o m m o n to a n y do ct o r fr o m a n y s y s t e m , a n y d i s c i p li n e a n d a n y f ield o f s p ecializati o n fr o m a n y w h e r e in t h e w o r ld a n d m o r e i m p o r ta n tl y ; a d e no m i n at o r c o m m o n to e v e r y p atie n t! W e b e g in to s e n s e t h i s e s s e n tial c o r e c o m m o n to a ll p r e s c r i p ti on s ; t h at can s o w t h e s ee d s o f ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e , po lici e s , p la n s a n d p r og r a m s in a p atie n t ( p ec u liar to h i s / h er f iel d ) a n d f r ee h i m / h er fr o m ; a s u b jecti v e a n d s ect a r ian p e r s p ect i v e, t h i nk i ng , po li c y m a k i ng , p la nn i n g a n d b e h a v i o r ! W e b e g in to c on c e p t u alize a c o m m o n f act o r t h at c ou ld i n s p i r e a n d e m po wer a p atie n t b e ob j ecti v e a n d c on cei v e a pp r op r iate p r e v e n ti v e, c u r ati v e a n d r e h a b i litati v e m ea s u r e s c ondu ci v e to i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng . A f ter d eca d e s o f e x te n s i v e s t ud y , r e sea r ch a n d e xp e r i m e n tati o n f o r s u ch an “esse n tial c o r e” c o m m o n to all p r e s c r i p ti on s ( m a k i n g t h e m ho l i s tic); I f oun d on e; to m y c o m p le t e s at i s f acti o n ! T h is “ e s s e n tial c o r e” i s ; t h e t r a d iti on al, s i m p l e , i n e xp e n s i v e a n d un i v e r s al l y p r a ctic a b le p r actice o f

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NAM A SM A R AN (J I K R A , J A A P, J A P, S I M A R A N, S U M I R A N o r r e m e m b e r i n g G od ’ s n a m e i .e. on e ' s t r u e s e l f )! I f oun d it to b e u s e f u l to all p atie n ts, do ct o r s a n d all t h e r e s t o f u s ! I t r ect i f i e s ou r ph y s ical n ee d s, p as s i on s , f eeli n g s , m o ti v ati o n s , t hough t s ; a n d v isi o n ( p e r s p ecti v e ) a n d t hu s r ect i f i e s ou r b e h a v i o r . T h i s in t u r n lea d s to a c on ti nuou s d e v el o p m e n t o f h o li s tic h ealt h , w h ich m ea n s ; p r o s p e r i t y a n d p r o f und ity in i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial l i f e ! H o we v e r ; N A MA SM A R A N i s no t a p ill o r a ti n ct u r e; a n d do es no t p r odu ce a n y p r e d i c ta b le, m e a s u r a b le, d e m o n s t r a b le a nd / o r ta ng i b le r e s u l t s! I t i s an i n v i s i b le a n d i n ta ng i b le p r o c e s s a n al ogou s to ox y g e n ati o n ! I t r e c onn ects o r re j o i n s u s wit h ; i n f i n ite a n d ete r n al c os m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss (G u r u ). T h is is a c o m m o n d e n o m i n at o r a c o m m o n f act o r o r an “ e s s e n tial c o r e” t h at can m a k e e v e r y p r e s c r i p ti on ; A H o l i s tic P r e s c r i p ti on ! I a m s till aw a y fr o m (t houg h o n t h e way t o ) ho li s t i c h e alt h . B u t li k e a n y aili n g do c to r ; I t o o can “ p r e s c r i b e” t h is “ e s se n tial c o r e ” f o r m a k i n g ou r p r e s c r i p ti on s to o t h e r s ( a s well a s ou r s e l v es); ho li s t i c! R e t r o s p ecti v e l y ; I r ealize t h at it i s t h e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n ess ( m y gu r u ) t h at lite r al l y s ai l ed m e f r o m i gno r a n c e a n d d a r kn ess to t h is r ealizati on ! All g l o ry ; b e to H i m ! NA M A S M A R AN AND HE A L ING TH E A I L I N G H E A LT H C A R E P h ila n t h r op y a n d c h a r ity a r e n e c e s sa r y (as s y m p t o m at i c p alliati v e m ea s u r e s) on ly in d i s e a s ed s o cie t y . Conv e r s el y ; t h e n e e d a n d p r e s e n ce o f ph ila n t h r op y c o n f ir m s t h e d ise a s e d n at u r e o f s o cie t y . Si n ce t h e pub lic s e r v ices a n d e s p ecia l ly pub lic h ealth s e r v ice s , a ff ect m o s t o f u s , it i s e sse n tial to f i n d ou t t h e r oo t ca u s e s a n d re m e d i e s f o r t h eir aili n g t h at c a u s e s s t r ess to m o s t o f u s . T h i s k i n d o f e xp l o r ati on ; is

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p a r t o f T o tal St r ess Ma n a g e m e n t i. e . s up e r li v i n g ; i.e. b l o s s o m i n g o f on e a n d all. T h e m a in ca u s e o f t h e d i s e a s e s a n d d e g e n e r ati o n o f t h e pub lic h ealth s e r v i c es a n d in t h e pub lic ho s p itals in I nd ia; is t h e p r e v a l e n ce o f t h e t h r ee c on ce p ts o n w h ich t h e s e i n s tit u ti on s w o r k . T h e s e t h r ee c on ce p ts a r e: 1 . F ree m e d i c al c a r e 2 . E c on o m ic d ep e ndence o f t h e s e i n s tit u ti on s ( o n gov e r n m e n t r e v e n u e i.e. pub lic m on e y a n d don ati o n s ) 3 . Sec t a ri a n m e d i cal c a r e s u ch a s A l l op at h y , h o m e op at h y , A y u r v e d a 1 . F ree M edic a l C a re T h e ill e ff e c ts o f f r ee m e d i cal c a r e a r e: A. T h e f r ee m e d i c al ca r e g i v es r i s e t o unn ece s sa r y v i s i t s to h o s p ital outp atie n t d e p a r t m e n t s , e x c e s si v e c r o w d i ng , p a r a s i t i s m , b e gg a r ly te nd e n c y , m ee kn ess a n d i rr e s pon s i b il i ty t o w a r d s p e r s on al a n d pub lic h ealt h . B . T h e fr ee m e d i c a l ca r e c r e at e s a s p ecial a n d e x t r e m e l y f a vo r a b le s it u ati o n a n d go l d en oppo r t u n ity f o r t h e po we r f u l, r ich a n d f a m ou s i nd i v i du als; to e xp l o it t h e gov e r n m e n t r e v e nu e a n d tax p a y e r s’ m on e y . T h e c h a n c e s ; o f m i s u si n g t h e f r e e s e r v ices t h r oug h i r r e gu lar a n d ille g it i m ate m e a n s ; i n c r e a s e.

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C . T h e fr ee m e d i c a l ca r e lea d s to z e r o r et u r n s a n d s ub s e qu e n t d ete r i o r ati o n in t h e i n fr a s t r u ct u r e, m a i n te n a n ce, r e nov ati on , s tate o f t h e a r t tec hno l og y a n d f acilit i es s u ch a s f oo d a n d r ec r eati o n g i v en to t h e p atie n ts a n d t h eir r elati v e s . D. T h e f r ee m e d i c al ca r e a s s o ciated with p e r p et u al a b se n ce o f r et u r n s ; lea d s to u n j u s t i f ia b ly l o w s a la r i e s, d e l ay in f illi n g t h e v a ca n cies, d el a y a nd /lack o f p r o m o t i on s , e x c e s s i v e w o r k i n g hou r s a n d du ties, s ub s ta nd a r d w o r k i n g c ond iti o n s ( s u c h as i n a d e qu ate t o i lets) et c . E . T h is s t ate o f a f f ai r s d e m o r aliz e s t h e s i n c e r e a n d d e d icated e m p l oy e e s a n d i m p l i citly a n d o f ten e xp licit l y p r o m o te s i r r e s pon s i b i l it y , l et h a r gy , a b s e n tee i s m , c o rr u p ti o n etc. 2 . E c o n o m ic dep e ndence o f t h ese i n s t i t u t i o n s o n t he gov ern m e n t re v enue a nd d o n a t i o ns T h e ill e ff e c ts o f e c on o m ic d e p e nd e n ce a r e : A. T h e pub lic ho s p itals a r e no t s el f - s u ff icie n t a n d d o no t h a v e a n y p r o j ec t s to s uppo r t t h e m . Nat u r a l ly s i n ce t h e r e a r e n o l e g it i m ate r et u r n s fr o m p at i e n ts o r f r o m a n y o t h er s ou r ce; f o r w h at i s s p e n t; t h e pub lic ho s p itals a r e alw a y s in l o ss a n d t h e p r ob l e m s r e s u lti n g f r o m t h e f ree m e d ical ca r e; m u l t i p l y . B . T hu s i n a d e qu ate p r og r ess in te r m s o f i n a d e qu ate f ac i lities, i n a d e qu ate s al a r i e s , a n d i n a d e qu ate e m p l o y m e n t in e v e r y cate go r y , p r o t r acted du ty hou r s , w o r s e n i n g w o r k i n g c ond iti on s , w o r s e n i n g o f s t a y i n g c o nd iti on s f o r t h e e m p l o y e e s a n d c r o w d i n g o f p atie n ts du e to hug e p atie n t s / e m p l o y ee r ati o ; w o r s en e v en f u r t h e r !

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C . T h e d e p e nd e n ce o f t h e pub lic ho s p itals o n gov e r n m e n t t h r oug h s a n cti on i n g o f f und s ; lea d s to c o l o ssal c o rr up ti o n w h ile att r acti n g f und s a n d w h ile und e r ta k i n g a n y d e v el o p m e n tal acti v it y . I n f a c t; m a n y i nd i v i du als a n d i n s tit u ti on s c on ce r n ed with ho s p ital; g et ob s es s ed b y t h e t hou g h t o f “ ho w t h ey c an b e r ic h e r ” r at h e r ; t h an t h e t hough t o f d e v el o p m e n t a n d i m p r ov e m e n t in s er v ice s . D. T h e c o rr up ti o n o f t h e i nd i v i du als i n t h e pub lic ho s p itals d r i v es t h e m to s eek m on ey in e v e r y p o ss i b le w a y . T hu s t h e y m a y d e l i b e r ately s po il t h e e qu i p m e n t s s o t h at n ewer can b e pu r c h a s ed (a n d k i c k b ac k s can b e a m a s s e d ), t h ey m a y m a n i f e s t o t h er t a ctic s ; s u ch a s m i s b e h a v i o r , i n s u lti n g b e h a v i o r , d elay o r d e n ial o f s e r v i c es a n d t h e r e b y c o m p el t h e p atie n ts to p a y b r i b e o r g o to s o m e s p eci f ic p r i v ate p r a ctiti on er a n d c on s u lta n ts a n d g et “ c o m m i ssi on ” ; a n d s o on ! E . L a r g e n u m b e r o f l o wer m i dd le cl a ss a n d e v en poo r p atie n ts t u r n to p r i v ate p r actiti on e r s , c on s u lta n t s a n d ho s p ital s ; ou t o f h e l p les s n es s ; r e nd e r i n g t h e pub lic ho s p ital i nv e s t m e n t w a s t e f u l a n d c oun te r p r odu cti v e! 3 . Sec t a ri a n n a t u re o f he a l t h c a re T h e All op at h y , H o m e op at h y , A y u r v e d a, Y og a, U n a n i, Nat u r op at h y etc in i s o lati on ; h a v e m a d e u s ; do ct o r d e p e nd e n t, la bo r at o r y d e p e nd e n t, o t h er s c r ee n i n g t e sts (e. g . E C G , A ng i og r a ph y etc) d e p e n d e n t, d r u g d e p e nd e n t, h el p le s s a n d vu l n e r a b le to all k i nd s o f f e a r p s y c ho s i s a n d t h e r e b y d ece p ti o n a n d e xp l o itati on . W e a r e m i s e r a b le b eca u se o f s ect a r ian n at u r e o f h ealth ca r e. “ H e a l t h r es t o r a t i o n” o f “ he a l t h c a re”

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T h is d et e r i o r ati o n can b e ov e r c o m e b y : 1 . A b a ndon i n g t h e c on ce p t f ree s e r v i c es a n d c h a r g i n g f e es a n d 2 . Ma k i n g t h e pub lic ho s p ita l s s e l f s u ff icie n t t h r oug h o t h er a pp r op r iate p r o d u cti v e p r o j ec t s . 3 . A dop ti n g H o li s tic Me d ici n e 1 . F ee M ed i c a l C a r e : T h e c on ce p t o f fr e e m e d i c al c a r e h a s to b e r e p laced b y m o r e j u s t s y st e m o f p a y m e n t . T h i s w ou ld m a k e e v e ry on e i nvo l v e d ; l e s s ca s u al, m o r e s i n c e r e, m o r e acc oun ta b le, m o r e r e s pon s i b le a n d m o r e d i gn i f ie d , in s ee k i n g h ealth c a r e a n d p r ov i d i n g h e a lth ca r e. T h e a r r og a n ce a n d c ond e s ce nd i n g attit ud e o f t h e h ealth ca r e p r ov i d e r s a n d m e e k a n d i rr e s pon s i b le attit ud e o f t h e h e a lth ca r e s ee k e r s w ou ld b e t r a n s f o r m e d . T h is w ou ld b r i n g a d e qu ate r e v e nu e to e n s u r e p r og r e s s in te r m s o f a d e qu ate f aciliti e s, a d e qu ate sala r i e s, a pp r op r iate e m p l o y m e n t , w h ich c ou ld e n s u r e no r m al du ty hou r s , i m p r ov e m e n t in w o r k i n g c ond iti on s , i m p r ov e m e n t in s t a y i n g c ond iti on s f o r t h e e m p l o y e e s a n d p r e v e n ti n g e x c es s i v e a n d m a n y t i m e s ( b eca u se t h e se r v ic e s a r e fr e e ) unn eces s ar y c r o w d i n g o f p at i e n t s . O n e m a y r a i s e t h e ob j ecti o n t h at t h is is d i ff ic u lt to i m p le m e n t in ca s e o f v e r y poo r , h el p les s , un s uppo r ted p atie n t s . I t i s v e r y t r u e t h at n o s e n s iti v e a n d s e n s i b le i nd i v i du al w ou ld t h i n k o f do i n g it a s well. T h e s e p atie n t s w h o a r e in a gon ies, in e m e r g e n ci e s o r h e l p les s ; s hou ld b e m a d e e x ce p ti o n a n d a se p a r ate

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a rr a ng e m e n t b e m a d e f o r t h e m . B u t in m o s t o t h er c a s e s t h e p r o b l e m can b e o v e r c o m e b y m a k i n g p r ov i s i o n f o r p a y m e n t t h r oug h “s e r v ic e s ” o r s o f t l o a n s . 2 . E c o n o m ic dep e ndence o f t h ese i n s t i t u t i o n s o n t he gov ern m ent re v e nue ( p ublic m o n e y ) a nd d o n a t i o n s : Ma k i n g pub lic ho s p itals s e l f s u ff icie n t b y bu tt r e s s i n g t h e m with s o m e p r odu cti v e i n c o m e g e n e r ati n g p r o j e c t s ; s u ch a s p l a n tati o n o f m e d ici n al h e r b s , p r odu cti o n o f d i s t i l l ed wate r , b i o m e d i c al i n s t r u m e n t s, ac ce s s o r i e s u s ed in ho s p itals, h ealth f ood . 3 . Sec t a ri a n M e d i c a l C a re: T h e s ect a r ian m e d i cal c a r e i nvo l v i n g s ect a r ian t r ai n i ng , p r actice a n d r esea r ch h a s to b e e vo l v ed i n to h o li s tic h ealth c a r e t r ai n i ng , p r actice a n d r e s ea r c h . H o listic h ealth ca r e i m p li e s ; a ll t h at, w h ich p r o m o t e s ho li s tic h ealth a n d h eal s / p re v e n ts d ise a s e. Gee t a cal l s s u ch bod y o f kno w le dg e, p r actice a n d r e s e a r ch S A T V IK . W e h a v e a g r eat oppo r t un ity to v e r i fy ; ho w un i v e r s al p r actice o f NAM A SM A R AN; i n s e p a r a b ly a s s o c i ated with t h e c onv icti o n o f i nd i v i du al a n d u n i v e r s al b l o s s o m i ng ; e m po we r s all o f u s to h eal ou r h ealth ca r e s y st e m ! W e can r e ca p it u late a n d li s t t h e b e n e f its o f t h e “ H ealth R e s t o r ati o n o f Health C a r e” as f o ll o w s : A) I t w ou ld i n c u lcate a s e n s e o f r e s p on s i b ility t o w a r d s on e ’ s o wn h ealt h , t o wa r d s pub lic f und s , t o w a r d s pub lic s e r v i c es, a m on g s t e v e ry on e i n cl ud i n g t h e p atie n t s . B ) I t w ou ld g e n e r a t e t h e s e n se o f ac c oun ta b ilit y , sat i s f a cti o n a n d

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f u l f il l m e n t a m ong st t h e e m p l o y e e s C ) I t w ou ld e n s u r e op t i m al p r og r e ss i n m e d ical ca r e e s p ecially in te r m s o f ho li s t i c a pp r o ach a n d m a k i n g h ealth f ar m o r e c onv e n ie n t, r eac h a b le, i n e xp e n s i v e a n d e ff ecti v e t h an e v er b e f o r e ! D) I t w ou ld i m p r o v e t h e li v es o f p at i e n ts a s well a s e m p l o y ees E ) I t w ou ld m a k e t h e r e v e nu e h it h e r t o s qu a nd e r ed o n f r ee m e d i cal ca r e a v ai l a b le f o r o t h er d e v el o p m e n t al a n d r e s e a r ch w o r k t h e r e b y f acilitati n g n ati on al p r og r ess. F) I t w ou ld r e du ce t h e c o rr up ti o n bo r n o f ou t o f i n j u s ti c e G) I t w ou ld r e du ce t h e c r o w d i n g a n d d e g e n e r ati o n o f p r i v ate m e d ical ca r e . NA M A S M A R AN AND HOL I S T I C M E D I C I N E T h e T o tal St r e ss Ma n a g e m e n t o r H o li s tic Health i n c o r po r ates b l o ss o m i n g o f an i nd i v i d u al a n d un i v e r s e . T h e v a r i o u s e f f o r t s in ac h ie v i n g t h i s ; i n c l ud e ho li s tic p e r s p e cti v e, acc u r ate a n d a pp r op r iate po licie s , f e r vo r a n d m o ti v ati o n to i m p l e m e n t a n d d y n a m i ci t y o f e ff ecti v e i m p le m e n t a ti o n at i nd i v i du al a n d g l o b al le v e l ; in d i ff e r e n t f iel d s o f l i f e. T h e s e e f f o r t s in c a s e o f m e d ici n e; c o n s tit u te ho li s t i c m e d ici n e. T h e c on ce p t o f ho li s tic m e d ici n e e m e r g es a s a r e s u lt o f r ealizati o n o f t h e und e r l y i n g un it y , c on ti nu ity a n d c o m p l e m e n ta r i t y ; a m o ng s t t h e a pp a r e n tly d i ff e r e n t d i s ci p li n e s o f h ea li n g a n d p r e v e n ti v e a n d s o cial m e d ici n e ( I n f a ct it e m e r g e s fr o m t h e r ealizati o n o f t h e un i v e r s al un i t y , c on ti nu ity a n d c o m p le m e n t a r i t y ). T h is i s e m e r g e n ce o f S A T V I KA J N A ANA ( G eeta 1 8 . 20 ). P r o m o te r s a n d s u p po r te r s o f ho li s t i c m e d ici n e; a c ce p t a n d welc o m e; t h e h eali n g p r odu cts a n d s er v ic e s fr o m a l l t h e wal k s o f l i f e; f o r can r e s t o r i n g a n d p r o m o ti n g ho li s tic h ealt h .

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I t i s u s u al f o r m o s t o f u s to g et s t u ck t o t h e d i ff e r e n ces ( i n t h e s t ud y o f d i ff e r e n t f iel d s ) as a n d w h en t h ey s t r i k e ou r s e n s e s ; a n d bu ild ou r c on ce p t s ; b a s ed o n t h e s e i s o lated ob se r v ati on s o f ou r s . T h e kno wle dg e a n d und e r s ta nd i n g o f d i ff e r e n t f iel d s o r d i s ci p li n e s a s s e p a r ate d i s j o i n ted o r d i s c onn ected e n titie s ; i s cal l ed R A J A S A J N A ANA (Geeta 18 . 21 ). T ho s e w h o eit h er p r actice m i x ed o r i n te g r ated m e d ici n e o r a r e no t a v e r s e to d ial ogu e o r a d v o cate it, m a y f it in t h is ca t e go ry . T h e t h i r d v a r ie t y i s i gno r a n ce a bou t e v e r y o t h er m e d i c al d i s ci p li n e a n d a d a m a n t a dh e r e n c e to a n y g i v en m e d ical d isci p li n e al on e; i s a s t a te o f d a r kn ess cal l ed T AMA S A J N A A N A ( G eeta 18 . 22 ). M o s t o f t h e w a rr i n g f acti on s fr o m d i ff e r e n t m e d ical d i s c i p li n e s ; oppo s i n g t h e e m e r g e n ce o f ho li s tic m e d ici n e can f it in t h is ca t e go ry . T h e w o r d ho li s t i c i s d e r i v ed f r o m t h e G r eek w o r d ho l o s w h ich lite r al l y m e a n s a ) T a k i n g in t h e w ho le o f s o m et h i n g b ) W ho le o f o r g ani s m i s a m o r e fr u i t f u l f ield o f s t ud y t h an i t s p a r ts o r s y m p t o m s. I t can b e s t a ted f o r t h e sa k e o f s i m p l i city a n d f u r t h er c l a r it y ; t h at: T h e ho li s tic m e d i c i n e is t r a n s - r eli g i ou s ( no t r eli g i ou s o r no t no n r eli g i ou s i . e. n eit h e r ho ly no r unho l y ), t r a n s - n ati on al ( n e i t h er n ati on al no r no n - n ati on al/ a n t i - n ati on al), t r a n s - c u lt u r al ( n eit h e r o f a p a r tic u lar c u lt u r e no r a g ai n s t a n y p a r tic u lar c u lt u r e), t r a n s - i n tellec t u al ( n eit h er bou n d in a p a r tic u l ar i n tellect u al f ra m ew o r k no r oppo s ed to a p a r tic u l a r i n tellect u al fr a m e w o r k ), t r a n s - i d e o l og ical ( n eit h er c o m m i tted to a p a r tic u lar i d e o l og y no r oppo s ed to a p a r tic u lar i d e o l og y ) a n d t r a n s-

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s cie n t i f ic ( n eit h e r un s cie n t i f ic no r l o c k ed in r i g id c r it er ia o f phy s ical s cie n c e s)! St ud y o f ho li s t i c m e d ici n e c on s tit u t e s e f f o r t s to und e r s t a nd , v i s u alize a n d r ealize t h e m u l ti - c h a r ac t e r e d , m u l ti f acete d , m u lti d i m e n s i on al a n d m u l t i - l a y e r ed c o m p lex n at u r e o f l i f e (in a dd iti o n to w h at is lea r n t in All op at h y o r w h at is l ea r n t in a n y on e d i s ci p li n e). T h e i n te n ti o n o f t h e s t ud y i s to c o m p r e h e n d t h e a g r e e m e n t, c on ti nu ity a n d v ali d ity ( o r o t h e r wise) o f t h e c o n ce p ts o f d i ff e r e n t d i s ci p li n es ( All op at h y , A y u r v e d a, SA A NK H YA ph il o s oph y , h o m e op at h y , y og a, C h i n ese m e d ici n e etc.), w h ich e m e r g e a n d g et e vo l v ed fr o m d i ff e r e n t le v els o f c on s ci o u s n es s ; o f d i ff e r e n tly c on s tit u ted i nd i v i du al s ; in d i ff e r e n t r e g i on s ; a t d i f f e r e n t t i m e p e r i od s ; with d i ff e r e n t b ac kg r ound s . T h e a pp r o ach o f h o li s tic m e d ici n e; c a nno t b e clas s i f i ed m e r e l y ; a s eclectic, a n al y tica l , s y n t h etic o r r e du c ti on i s t et c . T h e ho l i s tic a pp r o ach e m bod ies all t h e s e as m ea n s to “see” t h e un ity a n d c on ti nu ity in d i f f e r e n t ph e n o m e n a. T h e ho li s tic m e d i c i n e is t h e r e f o r e no t a n ew s y s t e m o r a n ew d i s ci p li n e o f m e d ici n e. I t i s a way to s ee t h i ng s as t h e y a r e r at h er t h an ho w t h ey a pp ea r ; a n d t h e r e b y p r e s e r v e a n d p r o m o t e ho li s t i c h eal t h a n d h eali ng . St ud y i n g ho li s tic m e d ici n e; s i m u l ta n e ou s ly m a k e s u s a wa r e o f po ss i b iliti e s a s we l l as l i m itati on s. F o r e x a m p le und e r s t a nd i n g t h e A y u r v e d a c on ce p t s s u ch a s DOS H A, DH A T U, M A L A , t h eir b ala n ce, t h eir i m b a l a n ce, t h e c on ce p t o f P R A K R U T I i. e . c on s t it u ti o n etc. with ho li s tic a pp r o ac h , a d d n ew d i m e n s i o n to t h e kno wle dg e o f t h e s t ud e n t o f ph y s i o l og y a s well as to t h e d ia gno s t i c s k il l s o f a cli n ic i an f r o m t h e

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d i s ci p li n e o f All op at h y . U nd e r s ta nd i n g o f t h e c on ce p ts o f p a n c h a k a r m a , n at u r op at h y , y og a et c . with ho li s tic a pp r o ach m a k e s t h e t r e at m e n t a l s o m o r e e ff ecti v e b eca u s e s e v e r al d i ff e r e n t m od alities a n d re m e d ies in t h e r e p e r t o i r e act at d i ff e r e n t le v els o r d i f f e r e n t po i n ts a n d c o m p le m e n ta r i l y . St ud y o f ho li s t i c m e d ici n e; al s o m a k e s u s a wa r e o f t h e i m po r ta n ce o f t h e a n al y tical a pp r o a c h i nh e r e n t to All op at h y . T h is i s w h y a s t ud e n t o f ho li s tic m e d ici n e i s unp r e j ud ice d , op en a n d ob j ecti v e. B e s i d e s ; t h e ho l i s t i c und e r s ta nd i n g o f h u m an e x i s t e n ce (w h ich is f und a m e n tal to t h e s t ud y o f ho li s t i c m e d ici n e); g i v e s u s i n s i gh t i n to t h e e no r m o u s h eali n g po we r s ; i n s i d e p at i e n t, in t h e e nv i r on m e n t; a n d h el p s u s to h elp h i m / h e r to u s e t ho se po we r s b e n e f i cial l y . T h is is a g r e at b e n e f it in te r m s o f e m po we r m e n t o f t h e cli n ician a s w e l l as t h e p atie n t. T hu s ; ho li s t i c m e d ici n e r elie v e s u s ( h ealth ca r e p r ov i d e r s s u ch a s do ct o r s a n d p a r a m e d i c s ) a n d all o t h e r s ; f r o m t h e unh ealt h y p at r on izi n g a n d c ond e s ce nd i n g attit ud e! I t g i v e s u s; t h e c ou r a g e to see t h eir i gno r a n ce a n d a d m i t it. I t i m p a r ts i n tellect u al h on e s ty to a d m it t h e i gno r a n ce h i dd en u n d er t h e G r ee k , L ati n , Sa n s k r it o r o t h er e s o t er ic / m y st i fy i n g te r m s, c h a r acte r i s t i c to m a n y b r a n c h e s o f s cie n ce in g e n e r al a n d m e d ici n e in p a r t ic u la r . T a k e f o r e x a m p le h y s t e r ia. W e d o no t kno w a n y phy s i o l og ical m e c h a n i s m s und e r l y i n g t h is c ond iti o n . B u t t h e i gno r a n ce is h i dd en und er t h e te r m . A no t h er e x a m p le i s t h at d r e a m s, t hough t s , e m o ti on s et c . T h e i gno r a n ce a bou t t h e ph y s i c al d i m e n s i on s o f d r e a m s, t hough t s , e m o ti on s e t c, e v en as we ca nno t d i s p u te o r d i s p r ov e t h e ir e x i s te n ce; i s

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h i dd en u n d er s e v er al te r m s! H o l i s tic m e d ici n e d i s c ou r a g es a n d d i s a pp r ov es kno w i ng ly o r unkno wi n g ly p r a c ticed h y po c r isy a n d i m p a r t s h u m ili t y . S o m e m o r e e x a m p les fr o m t h e d i s ci p li n es o f m e d ici n e a r e a s f o l l o ws. H o li s tic a pp r o ach e n a b les u s to s ee t h e l i m itati o n s i n t r i n s ic to t h e c on ce p t o f s ta nd a r d izati o n o f wei gh t, h ei gh t a n d po ss i b l e e r r o r s in i n te r p r etati o n o f b i o c h e m i cal p a ra m et e r s a n d calc u lati o n s o f r e g i m e n tali z ed do ses o f d r ug s ; b eca u se o f t h e l a ck o f du e c on s i d e r a t i o n to v a r iati on s in t h e c on s tit u ti on s . H o li s tic m e d ici n e ca u ti on s u s a g ai n s t i nd i s c r i m i n ate u s e o f A y u r v e d a d r ug s wit hou t du e c on s i d e r ati o n to t h e v a r iati o n in t h e q u alit y , n at u r e, s ou r ce etc. o f t h e i ng r e d ie n ts o f t h e d r u g as well as t h e con s tit u ti o n o f t h e p atie n t a n d t h e t y p e o f cl i m a te. H o li s tic m e d ici n e g i v es u s i n s i gh t i n t o t h e po ss i b le m ec h a n ism o f t h e acti o n o f h o m e op at h ic d r ug s o n t h e o n e h a n d a n d ca u ti o n s a bou t t h e a m b i gu ity in t h e m et ho d o f d ia gno s i s a r i s i n g ou t o f s u b jecti v e f a c t o r s r elated to t h e do c t o r as well a s t h e p a tie n t, o n t h e o t h e r . H o li s tic m e d ici n e i nd icat e s t h e c o m p l e m e n ta r ity b etw e en t h e ac t i on s o f d i ff e r e n t r e m e d i e s f r o m d i f f e r e n t d isci p li n es o f m e d ici n e a n d i m p r ov es t h e h eali n g p r o ces s . H o li s tic m e d ici n e r e v eals t o u s t h e po s s i b ility o f “ c os m i c h o m e o s t asis” o n t h e on e h a nd ; w h ile s i m u lta n e ou s l y e xpo s i n g t h e po s s i b le f alli b ilit y ; i n t r i n s ic to t h e tall cla i m s a n d s e cta r i a n p r actice o f d i s t a n ce h eali ng , g e m o l ogy , a s t r o l og y , n u m e r o l og y e t c. w h ich h a v e d i ff e r e n t a pp r o a ch es a n d i n te r p r etati on s, wit hou t s u ff icie n t ly c onv i n ci n g r e a s on s ; a n d w h ich oppo s e t h e s c i e n ce b li nd l y .

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B e s i d e a l l a bov e, i m p l i cati o n o f t h e h o li s tic m e d ici n e i s ; its r ea d i n e ss to c h a ng e a n d acc o m m od ate n ew i d e a s, i.e. no t g etti n g s h ac k led in do g m a s o f a n y k i nd . B u t po s s i b l y t h e m o s t i m po r ta n t i m p l i cati o n is d e v el o p m e n t o f p r op er p e r s p ecti v e a bou t t h e h ealth a n d h eali ng , w h ich w ou ld h elp in d e v el o p m e n t o f p r op er po licies o f s e r v ice s , e du cati on , r e s e a r c h , a n d p r odu cti o n in t h e f ield o f m a i n s t r e a m m e d ical c a r e, e du cati on , r e s e a r ch a n d c oo r d i n ati o n o f all t h e s e; with po licies in t h e o t h er f iel d s (i n f l u e n ci n g t h e h ealth d i r ect l y a n d i nd i r ectl y ) s u ch a s e du cati on , i ndu s t ry , e nv i r o n m e n t, a g r ic u lt u r e et c . F r o m p r actical po i n t o f v i e w, t h e s y l l a bu s , p r a ctice a n d r esea r ch o f ho li s tic m e d ici n e; i n e v e r y h e ali n g c e n ter b e s i d e s all ho s p itals a n d m e d ical c o lle g e s ; s hou ld i n c o rp o r ate; NAM A SM A R AN, p r a y er s , wat e r t h e r a p y , p r op er f o o d ( d iet), m u d p a c k i ng , m a s sa g e, y og a, m u s i c , c o l o r s , a r o m a a n d o t h er a pp r op r iate h eali n g m e t hod s ( s o m u ch r ec o m m e nd ed b y Ma h a t m a Ga ndh i)! H o li s t i c m e d ici n e is a m a j o r t oo l f o r i nd i v i du al, n ati on al a n d un i v e r s a l b l o s s o m i ng ! NA M A S M A R AN AND S T R E SS I n s ec u ri t y , F e a r, Sl av er y , I n e r t i a , As s e r t i o n, T o t a l S t r e ss M a n ag e m e nt a nd s o c a ll e d M ed i t a t i o n , ch a ri t y a nd S WA D H A R M A , B e yo nd; a ll s t r e s s , Y og a a nd s t r e s s , S t r e ss i n e m pl o y ees a nd e m pl oy e r s S E N SE O F IN S E CU R I T Y

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E v e r y d ay we c o m e ac r o ss n e w s o f e c on o m ic, po litical, r eli g i ou s , a n d p e r s on al o r s o m e k i n d o f c r i s e s . R a r e l y i f on e do es no t, t h en on e i m a g i n es c r i s e s! T h e n et r e s u lt i s t h at e v e r y on e o f u s b e c o m e s i n s ec u r e . All t h e t i m e on e r e m a i n s un ce r tain a b ou t f u t u r e. U n c e r t a i n ty a bou t on e ' s o wn as well a s t h e f u t u r e o f c h il d r e n , p a r e n ts a n d o t h er r elati v es k ee p s wei gh i n g o n on e ' s m i nd . NAM A SM A R AN e n a b les on e to b r e ak op en t h e l i m it e d fr a m e o f m i n d a n d g et t r a n s f o r m e d i n to b r o a d er le v els o f h u m an e x i s t e n ce. Ult i m ate l y on e attai n s t h e a bod e o r a s tate o f on e' s r eal s el f , w h ich i s b e y on d s p ace a n d t i m e a n d h e n c e is t h e gov e r n i n g 'ce n te r ' o f e v e n t s . T hu s , t h e p e r s on ' s atte n ti o n is s h i f ted fr o m t h e e v e n ts t h e m sel v e s, w h ich a r e li k e s i gn s a n d s y m p t o m s. T h e at t e n ti o n g ets s h i f ted fr o m t h e d i s t u r b i n g a n d s t up e f y i n g i n f l u e n c e s o f t h e e v e n ts t h at a r e li k e t h e e f f e cts. T h e att e n ti o n g ets f o c u s ed o n t h e un seen d ee p er ca u s e s o f t h e e v e n ts. I t i s t o b e no ted t h at t h is s h i f ti n g o f at te n ti o n is a s s o ciated with act u al s h i f t o f on es b ei n g v iz. fr o m c r ud e a n d d e p e nd e n t to s ub tle a n d i nd e p e n d e n t. T h is t r a n s f o r m a ti o n m a y no t b e a pp a r e n t b u t it is v e r y r eal a n d v e r y i m p o r ta n t. T hu s , t h e d i s t u r b a n c e s t h at a r e c h a r act e r ized b y t h e p ai n f u l f eeli ng s o f i n sec u r i ty re s u lti n g fr o m h y p e r - r e s pon s e to t h e et ho s a r e t r a n s f o r m ed i n to p e r ce p ti on s a n d r e s pon s es t h at r i d e o v er a n d r e gu late t h e e v e n ts a n d c o u r s e o f h i s t o r y . Ve r i l y , t h i s i s a s ta t e t h at i s cl o s e s t to; o r c on c u rr e n t with t h e u lt i m ate t r u t h . I n t r a d iti on al p a r l a n ce t h is s t a te o f m e r g i n g with G o d o f t h e d e vo tee i. e . B H AK T A i s c all e d b ei n g at t h e ' l o t u s f e e t' o f t h e Al m i gh t y . NA M A S M A R AN AND F E A R Fear i s a p ai n f u l e x p e r ie n ce r e s u lti n g fr o m eit h er d a ng e r ou s ci r c u m sta n c e s o r t h e t hough t o f d a ng e r ou s c i r c u m sta n c e s . I n s ho r t, it i s an unp lea s a n t e xp e r ie n ce r e s u lti n g fr o m t h e p e r ce p ti o n o f d r ea d . W h at i s t h is d r ead a bou t? I t is a bou t t h e d e s t a b ilizati o n , d i s t u r b a n ce, d a m a g e o r d e s t r u cti o n o f on e ' s p e r ce p ti o n o f on e ' s s e l f . T hu s , t h e f e ar r e s u l t s fr o m p e r ce p ti o n o f d a n g er to on e ' s bod y , f e eli ng s , t hough t s , f a it h , s o cial i m a g e, c onv icti on s , e xp ectati on s , a n d attac h m e n t s a n d so on . W ith

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NAM A SM A R AN on e ' s p e r ce p ti o n a bou t on e ' s s e l f i s c h a ng ed o r t r a n s f o r m e d . M o r e ov er on e ' s p e r ce p ti o n a bou t t h e un i v e r s e i s a l s o t r a n s f o r m e d . B ec a u s e o f N A MA SM A R AN on e t r a n s ce nd s t h e b i nd i n g i n f l u e n ce o f c h a ng i ng , e ph e m e r al a n d e ff ect u al l e s s e r re alit y ; o r r e l ati v e r eali t y ; a n d s i m u l t a n e ou s ly asce nd s so as to b e m e r g ed i n to t h e c o r e, ca u s al a n d un i fy i n g ete r n al t r u t h . E v e n t h e g l i m p s e s o f t h is r ealizati o n e n a b le t h e p e r s o n " to s e e " t h e ci r c u m sta n ces a s well a s o n e ' s t r u e s e l f in t h eir r e a l e s s e n ce; a n d as t h e y a ct u al l y a r e. T h i s in t u r n r e m ov e s t h e c a m o u f la g e / d i s g u i s e o f a n y s e e m i ng ly d a ng e r ou s s it u a t i o n a n d r e v eals its o r i g i n al n at u r e v iz. f leeti n g i nno c uou s s c e n es. S i m u l ta n e ou s ly it a l s o e n a b les on e; to s ee on e ' s bod y , m i nd , t hou g h t s , s o cial s u ccesses a n d f ail u r e s e t c a s t h e y e x actly a r e i. e . p a s s i n g s h a do w s . N A MA S M A R AN t hu s e ndo ws t h e un s h a k a b le s t r e ng th i nd e p e nd e n t o f all t he s e f act o r s a n d t h e r e b y i m p a r t s t h e und i s t u r b a b le p e ac e . O n e o f t h e b ra v e s t p e r s o n s well kno wn to t h e w o r ld a n d w ho s e m i n d c ou ld n e v er e v en b e t ou c h ed b y f ear w a s Ma h a t m a Ga ndh i. T h e m o s t i m p o r ta n t c h a r a ct e r i s t i c in Ma h a t m a Ga ndh i ' s l i f e w a s N A M A S M A R A N . T hu s , w h et h er t h e r e is a f ear o f p ai n , b r each o f f ait h , d e vo ti on al b lac k - m a ili ng , s ho ck o f i n tellect u al d i s ill u s i o n m e n t, s o cial d e f a m ati on , po litical d e f eat, d eath o f t h e b el ov ed on es o r on e ' s o wn bod y o r e v en t h e f ear o f a ny t h i n g k n o wn o r unkno wn c an b e c onqu e r ed t h r oug h t h e p r actice o f N A M A SM A R A N. NA M ASM A R AN i s an ete r n al a n d g l o r i ou s s ou r ce o f li gh t a n d f e a r l e s s n es s . NA M A S M A R AN AND S L A V E R Y O n e o f t h e m o s t i m po r ta n t qu e s ti o n s in on e ' s l i f e i s t h at o f fr ee d o m . Acce p ta n ce o f s l a v e r y in g e n e r a l ; c onno tes un r e a s on a b le, i r r ati on al, un willi n g s u b m is s i o n o f l i f e f o r on e c a u s e o r t h e o t h er a n d f o r on e r e a s o n o r t h e o t h e r . I m p o s iti o n o f s l a v e r y i s i m p o s iti o n o f p s y c ho l og ical / m a t e r ial e nv i r on m e n t o n t h e o t h e r s ; wit hou t a n y c on s i d e r ati o n to t h eir a s p i r ati o n s o r n e e d s . Act u al l y t h i s i s i n e v ita b ly a s s o ciat e d with i m p o s iti o n o f s la v e r y o f on e ’ s o wn b a s al n at u r e o n on e ’ s o wn s e l f wit hou t c on s i d e r a t i o n to on e ’ s o wn g e nu i n e a s p i r ati on s al s o !

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Sla v e r y h as m a n i f e s ted in s e v e r al f o r m s t h r oughou t t h e w o r l d . T hu s t h e t r a d e o f s la v e s , opp r es s i o n o f s la v e s , p li gh t o f bond ed la bo r e r s , m i s e r y o f un t ou c h a b le s , t h e e xp l o itati o n o f w o m e n ; a r e i n ci d e n ces o f acce p ta n ce a n d i m po s iti o n o f s l a v e r y . Se v e r al i d e o l og ies h a v e c ond e m n ed e v e r y f o r m o f s la v e ry . Se v e r al s o cial po litical a n d s p i r it u al m ov e m e n ts a l s o h a v e f ou g h t a g ai n s t s la v e r y . H o we v e r , t h e a cce p ta n ce a n d i m po s iti o n o f sla v e r y in d i f f e r e n t f o r m s ; go e s o n un a b ated e v en in t h e m od e r n s o ciet y , in v a r i ou s po l i tical, r eli g i ou s , a s well a s e c on o m i c, e du ca t i on al a n d o t h er i n stit u ti on s . T h u s t h e s u cc e ss in t h e st r ugg le a g ai n s t s l a v e ry ; a n d f o r fr ee do m h as b een s till el ud i n g t h e m a nk i nd . I s t h e r e a n y a n s we r to t h i s ? Yes, t h e a n s w er to t h is i s in t h e acce p t a n ce o f t o tal s la v er y o f t h e n a m e o f G od . T h e a n s we r m a y a pp ear p a r a dox ical. B u t it m u st b e a pp r eciated t h at a n y on e w h o a t t e m p t s o r e nd ea vo r s o r t r i e s to b ec o m e a s la v e o f NAM A ; e s s e n tial l y b ec o m e s a s la v e o f w h at do es no t e x i s t in t h e p e r cei v a b le a n d i n tellect u ally d e du ci b le un i v e r s e . T h u s i n a w a y on e w h o u lt i m ate l y b e c o m es a s la v e o f n a m e o f G od ; act u al l y b ec o m e s a s la v e, o f w h at do es no t ' e x i s t' in te r m s o f s ub j ecti v e t h e p e r ce p ti on s , t hou g h ts o r a c ti on s o f a n y bod y, on e ’ s o wn s u b j ecti v it y ! T hu s t h i s “ s la v e ry ” o f N A M A i nvo l v es fr ee do m f r o m su b j ecti v i t y , w h ich is t r u e fr ee d o m ! T h i s i s a s s o ciated w i th its b y p r odu ct t h e f r ee d o m fr o m s u f f o ca t i n g m at e r i al c ond iti on s . I t m u s t b e no ted t h at all t ho se e ng a g e d in eit h er i m p o s it i o n o r acce p ta n ce o f s l a v e r y a r e e s s e n tially s la v e s o f s ub j ecti v e t hough t s , p e r ce p ti on s o r i n s ti n c t s . W ith NA MA S M A R AN on e lea r n s to g et fr e ed f r o m t h e s e s h ac k l e s ; a n d g e t s m e r g ed o r d is s o l v e d in NA M A. A cc e p ta n ce o f s la v e r y o f ' NAMA' d e f ea t s t h e p o s s i b ility o f e v e r y o t h er k i n d o f s la v e r y . T hu s on e can r eal i ze ho w i m p e r ati v e it is to p r acti c e a n d NAM A SM A R AN i n t r odu ce it to o t h e r s ! T h i s i s a way to c onqu er t h e

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ph e n o m e no n o f i m po s iti o n a n d acce p ta n ce o f s la v e r y in e v e r y p o s s i b le f o r m a n d in e v e r y walk o f l i f e. T h is e nk i nd l e s , v italiz e s a n d r e j uv e n at e s e v e r y f ield o f l i f e with t h e m a n i f e s ta t i on s o f fr ee d o m a n d h a r m on y . NA M A S M A R AN AND I N E R T I A O n e o f t h e c h a r ac t e r i s ti c s o f li f e is t h a t ; it i s e x actly oppo s ite to t h e p r o cess o f e n t r op y . E n t r op y m ea n s a p r o cess h ea d i n g t o wa r d s d i s o r g a n izati o n a n d l o s i n g e n e r g y a n d o r d e r . I n c on t r as t ; l i f e c h a r acte r i s t i cal l y e nh a n ces o r d e r , o r g a n izati on , un i f i c at i on , h a r m on y a n d g ai n i n g e n e r g y . L i f e i s c h a r act e r ized b y p r og r e s si v e le v els o f c on s ci ou s n e s s . H o we v e r , m a n y t i m e s w e te n d to e x i s t with g r eat e r d e g r ee o f e n t r op y . T h is i s s u r e l y a s ta te o f r elati v e l i f el e s s n e s s. T h is is c h a r acte r ized b y s h i r k i n g f r o m on e ' s r e s pon s i b ilit y , r el u cta n ce to c o m m i t, po s t pon e m e n t etc. T h is is a l s o a s s o ciated with te nd e n cy to r e m a in wi t hd r aw n , al o o f a n d i nd i f f e r e n t to s u r r ounding s . I t i s a l s o a s s o ciated with d i s i n te r e s te dn e ss i n a dv e n t u r e s , l a ck o f i n iti a ti v e etc. B e s i d e s ; i n e r t i a i s al s o a s s o ciated wi t h lack o f f e eli ng s , t h i nk i ng , s ea r c h i ng , e xp l o r i ng , lea r n i n g etc. O n e c an a pp r eciate t h a t ; f act o r s s u ch a s phy s ical ill n e s s, i n a d e qu ate nu t r iti o n , lack o f i n ce n ti v e , s o cial d i s a pp r ov al etc. f u r t h er a d d to ou r n at u r al t e nd e n cy to r e m ain i n e r t! W e t r y to e s ca p e f r o m t h e a dv e r s iti e s. W e ca nno t a d a p t t o a dv e r s e s it u ati on s. W e m a y call t h is a c a s e o f bo r d e r li n e hy s t e r i a o r bo r de r li n e d e p r es s i on . W e t e n d to c h eat a s we p i n e f o r m a x i m u m b e n e f it with m i n i m u m e ff o r t s . T hu s ; c o r r up ti o n a n d e xp l o itati o n t h r i v e o n ou r i n e r tia a n d t h e v ice v e r s a . W ith N AM A SM A R A N we le a r n to r i s e a bov e ou r p etty s e l f , w h ich s u c k s ou r v italit y . T h is i s ho w we b e c o m e b r o a d - h e a r t e d a n d r e v italize d . W e g r o w s t r ong er a n d less vu l n e r a b le to ou r o wn p etti n ess a n d

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s ub j e cti v it y ; a n d a l s o t h e d a m a g i n g i n f l u e n ce o f t h e a dv e r s e s u rr ound i ng s . T h u s ou r j o b do es no t r e m a in m e r e l y a m ea n s o f p e r s on al g ai n s o f p le a s u r e . T h is e n a b les u s to d o o u r j o b with i nvo l v e m e n t , m o ti v ati o n a n d i n t e r e s t. B asel e ss a n d s u b j ecti v e f a s ci n a t i on s , i d i o s y n c r a s i es a n d f a n ci e s n o m o r e c o mm a n d ou r f eeli n g s a n d a c ti on s . On t h e c on t r a r y w e r eal i ze t h e b r o a d er s i gn i f ica n ce a n d t h e p r o f oun d i m p l icati o n o f ou r du t y , o n s o cie t y . T h e p e r s p ecti v e o f g l ob al we l f a r e a n d t h e e f f o r t s in t h at d i r ecti o n e m er g e f r o m N A MA S M A R A N . Vict o r i ou s f u l f il l m e n t s t a r t s f l o w i n g fr o m t h e e f f o r t s t h e m sel v e s . As a r e s u lt we l ea r n to g i v e du e i m po r ta n ce to o u r o wn se l f a n d ou r o wn j ob . T h is i s a v e r y i m p o r ta n t s ou r ce o f s t r e ng t h . I n s u ch li g h t a n d v i s i o n t h e p r o cess o f g etti n g d r a gg ed a f t er a p e t ty go al o r i n ce n ti v e with m i n i m u m e f f o r t s i s c o m p let e ly a v e r te d . W ith N AMA S M A R A N a l l acti v iti e s s p r i n g fr o m a n d h e n ce al s o b ec o m e s ou r ce o f f u l f i ll m e n t a n d e c s t a s y . W h ic h e v er m a y b e t h e sit u ati o n a n d ho w m u ch e v er m a y it b e c ondu cti v e to i n e r tia, with NA M A S M A R AN on e can t r i u m ph a n tly a n d j o y o u s ly r i s e a bov e it. T h is e n a b l e s o n e to m a n i f e s t , s o c ially b e n e f i cial a n d i nd i v id u ally s a tis fy i n g a n d e v er g r o wi n g d y n a m i s m . NAM A SM A R AN t hu s " ta k e s " u s to m o r e li v e l y a n d v i b r a n t l i f e. I call t h is li v i n g superl i v in g . NA M A S M A R AN AND AS S E R T I O N O F C O N SC I E N CE T h e f act t h at re s t r i cti on ; o n b r eat h i n g , s lee p , d r i nk i ng , e ati ng , d e f ecati on , u r i n ati o n etc; ca u ses s e v e r e s t r e s s ; is obv i ou s . B u t m o s t o f u s d o no t r ec ogn ize t h e s t r e ss ca u s ed b y t h e r e s t r i cti o n o n as s e r ti o n o f c on s c i e n ce, ou r i nn er vo i ce o r t h e p r o m p ti n g o f ou r s ou l. R at h er t h an o t h e r s ; m o r e o f te n ; we ou r s e l v es a r e r e s pon si b le f o r t h i s ! I t i s no t t h at w e d o no t li k e to asse r t o u r c on s cie n ce; bu t we a r e un a b le to li s ten to ou r i nn er vo ice; a m i d s t t h e c ac ophon y o f t h e bo m b a r d m e n t o f ou r s e n s ati on s, i n s t i n ct s , f eeli n g s a n d t hou g h t s ! We a r e st up e f ied a n d n u m b ed b y all t h e se!

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T h e r e m u s t b e s o m e m et ho d to e n a b le ou r s el v e s ; to l i s te n to ou r i nn er vo ice a n d e m po w e r ou r sel v e s ; to a s s e r t it. T h e r e i s s u ch a m e t hod . T h e g r eat s e e r s a n d s p i r it u al le a d e r s o f t h e w o r l d ; h a v e kno wn it f o r s u r e ! T h ey kn ew t h at all o f u s h a v e a d i f f ic u l t y in li s te n i n g to ou r c on s cie n ce; ou r i n n ate vo ice o r ou r G u r u ’ s vo ice! T h ey kn ew t h at t h e c on s ci ou s o r un c on s ci ou s u r g e to l i s ten to t h i s vo ice; is a un i v e r sal a s p i r ati o n o f e v e r y b ei ng . I t i s called “A A R T A” in Ma r at h i. He n ce t h ey kn ew t h e r e m e d y t oo ! T h is r e m e d y p r ov i d ed b y t h e m ; to t h e w o r l d ; is in vogu e f o r m il le nn ia! I t h a s b een a p a r t o f m a j o r i t y o f t h e w o r ld r eli g i on s a l s o . I t is called NA MA SM A R A N ( J A P, J A A P, J I K R A, S U M I R A N, S I MA R AN; w h ich e m bod y re m e m b e r i n g t h e n a m e o f G od ; i m p l y i n g ou r t r u e se l f ). I n t h e c ou r se o f ti m e NA M AS MA R AN e n a b l e s u s to r ec ogn ize its un i v e r s al b e n e vo le n ce! I t e n a b les u s t o s t o p t r i v ializi n g i ts s c op e a n d po te n tials ( r e s t r ic t ed to p e r s on al g ai n s )! I t e n a b l e s u s to r a i s e a bov e all p etty a n d c y n ical c on s i d e r ati on s a n d w ho le h ea r te d ly s h a r e i t s i m p o r ta n ce w i th o t h e r s ! T h i s i s ; l i s te n i n g to ou r i nn ate vo ice (t h e vo ice o f ou r G u r u )! T h i s is a s s e r ti n g ou r c o n s cie n ce; a n d t h e r e b y ov e r c o m i n g t h e s t r e ss o f t h e s u f f o cati o n o f ou r c o n s cie n ce! NA M A S M A R A N , T OT A L S T R E S S M AN A GEME NT AND “ M E D I T A T I O N” T h e r e i s no t h i n g w r on g in m e d itati o n . I t i s in p r actice in d i ff e r e n t f o r m s ; f o r m ille nn ia; in c oun t r ies li k e I nd i a . I t h a s n o r e li g i ou s b ia s , c u lt u r al p r e j ud ice o r c o e r c i on . B u t i s it r i gh t; i f t h e s a m e w o r d ; “ m e d itati on ” is m i s u s e d to s ell i t s e s ca p i s t m e r ce n a r y g i m m i c k , a ca r i ca t u r e o r a vu l g a r izat i on ? A r e no t t h e

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h y p e, m a r k eti n g a n d s ale o f t h is m i r a g e i n s ta n t p a n acea f o r all t h e p r ob l e m s o f un i v e r s e; d e t r i m e n tal to t h e bu y er a n d s ell er ? C an we f eel r ela x e d ; e v en a s w e a r e in t h e s t r ess o f p a y i n g a bou t 3 0 p e r ce n t i n c o m e tax (a p a r t fr o m s a l es t a x , p r op e r t y tax etc.) wit hou t kno wi n g ho w it is s p e n t? C an w e f eel r ela x ed e v en w h i l e ta k i n g all s u ch d eci s i o n s l y i n g do wn a n d s u ff e r i n g fr o m t h e m ? C an we c onqu er t h e s t r ess o f c o m m u ti ng ; i r r e s p ecti v e o f t h e c r o w d a n d o t h er ph y s i c al t o r t u r e? C an we c onqu er t h e la c k o f hou s i ng , wat e r , el e ct r ici t y , e du c a ti on , m e d ical ca r e? C an we f eel r ela x e d ; a s a n d w h en we h a v e to ta k e s u ch po licy d eci s i on s ; r e s pon s i b le f o r m i s e r y o f m i lli on s ; a g ai n s t ou r c on s cie n ce? I f no t, t h en w e n e e d s o m e t h i n g f ar m o r e ho li s ti c ! I t i s T o tal St r e ss Ma n a g e m e n t ( T S M), s up e r li v i n g o r ho li s tic r e n ais s a n c e. W h at i s T o tal S t r e ss Ma n a g e m e n t ( T SM)? 1 ) T S M c on s tit u t e s; und e r s ta nd i n g t h e c on ce p t o f s t r e s s , its r oo t ca u ses, e f f ec t s, p at hoph y s i o l og y , m ec h a n i s m , d i m e n si on s , s uppo r t s y s t e m s; a n d m a n a g e m e n t; a s c o m p l ete l y a s p o ss i b l e! T h i s r e qu i r e s a c ti v e i n tellect u al e f f o r t s b y t h e p a r t i ci p a n t s , w h ich i s w h y it a pp ea r s m o r e d i ff ic u l t . B u t r ela x ati o n p r og r a m s ; m e d itati on , p r a n a y a m a, bh a j a n s , a r b it r a r y ti p s in t h e m a n a g e m e n t book s ; as well a s ; “ r ea d y to u s e p r odu ct s ”; t houg h r elati v ely e a s y ; p r o v i d e on ly t e m po r ar y e m o ti on al s o l a ce a nd / o r r ela x ati on . T houg h t h ey a r e e x celle n t as a d j uv a n t to T o t a l St r e ss Ma n a g e m e n t; t h ey p r ov e to b e c oun ter p r odu cti v e; in its a b s e n ce! 2 ) T S M c on s tit u t e s e f f o r t s t o wa r d s s i m u l t a n e ou s w e l f ar e o f on e a n d all; a n d no t m e r e l y o f a p a r tic u lar i nd i v i du al. T h i s r e qu i r es b r o a d e n i n g o f p e r s p ecti v e. T h i s i s t i m e c on s u m i n g a n d m ay no t r e s u lt in i n s ta n t ta ng i b le p etty p e r s on al g ai n s . O f te n ; we f ail to und e r s ta nd ; ho w we l f a r e

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o f ‘ o t h e r s ’ w ou ld c on t r i bu te to ‘ ou r w e l f a r e ’ ! He n ce; we f i n d don ’ t f i n d it att r a c ti v e! U n li k e t h e m e r ce n a r y m a r k eti n g “ m e d itat i o n ”; it do es no t p a m p e r ou r i ndo l e n ce, i n e r tia; a n d an e a s y , t e m po r a r y a n d s o cially r e s p e cta b le e s cap i s m ! I t de a l s with s t r es s ; in t o tali t y . Me r e te n s i on , a nx iet y , w o r r y , s l e e p les s n e s s , i rr ita b i l it y , d e p r e s s i on , fr u s t r ati o n etc. c on s tit u te; on ly a s m a ll a n d c on s ci ou s p a r t o f s t r e s s . St r e ss i s act u ally un i v e r s al. E v e r y l i v i n g b ei n g h as s t re s s . St r e ss i s act u al l y bo t h ; c on s ci ou s a n d a l s o un c on s ci ou s . U n c on s ci ou s s t r ess f o r m s a m a j o r p a r t; a n d is no t p e r c e i v ed b y us ! He n c e we c o m m i t t h e b l und er o f b elie v i n g t h at we d o no t h a v e s t r e s s ! T h e m e r c e n a r y m a r k eti n g h as m a d e u s b elie v e t h at we c a n s it in a c o z y r o o m a n d s o l v e all ou r p r ob l e m s , wit hou t a n y k i n d o f e vo l u ti o n in u s ! W e r e m ain in f oo l ’ s p a r a d i s e t h at; t h r oug h s o m e s u ch s ho r t c ut s we c an m a n a g e s t r e s s ; wi t hou t m a k i n g a n y d i ff e r e n ce to t h e m ate r ial li f e o f ou r s a n d t h e o t h e r s ! T S M teac h e s t h at p e r s p ecti v e, po licie s , p la n s, p r og r a m s ( s oun d i n tellect u al s o l u ti on s to p e r s on al a n d s o cial p r ob l e m s) a n d t h eir e x ec u ti o n ca nno t b e s u b s tit u ted b y ; un - i n tellect u al e m o ti on al g a m e s a n d g i m m ic k s! T S M teac h e s t h at re a l medi t a t i o n , r e a l de vo t i o n, re a l ch a ri t y a nd re a l r e vo lu t i on ; a r e i m p o s s i b le; in a b s e n ce o f m u lti p r ong e d e f f o r t s to r ect i f y t h e s o cial h o m e o s t a s i s ! 3 ) Ma n y o f u s f eel t h at it i s i m p o s s i b l e to s o l v e s o cial p r ob l e m s ; a n d h e n ce f ail to d o ou r o wn b it in t h i s d i r ecti o n . T h e c on ce p t o f T S M i s no t n ew in e s s e n ce; bu t is n ew, nov el a n d ho li s tic in i t s e xpo s iti on . Ma n y o f u s ; fr o m m e d i a , po litics, r eli g i o n a n d o t h er f iel d s a r e no t awa r e o f T S M. I t i s a l s o t r u e t h at du e to t h e f r e n z y o f m a te r i al s u cc e s s ; we d o no t h a v e i nn ate t h i r s t to lea r n a bou t T SM. I t i s s t r a ng e; bu t t r u e; t h at m o s t o f u s ; in s c a r ci t y ( du e to fr u s t r ati on ) a n d in a bund a n ce ( du e to d eli r i ou s ob li v i o u s n e ss ); a r e no t a b le to g r a s p t h e c on ce p t o f T S M! Ma r k e t ed g i m m ic k s o f “ m e d itati on ” n e v er a s k u s to s t ud y ( uph ill acti v it y ) a n y

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s o cial p r ob l e m s! T h ey p a m p e r ou r i n do le n ce a n d p etti n es s ! He n ce m o s t o f u s f i n d t h e m c o mf o r ti ng ; w h ich i s act u ally d e c e p ti v e a n d m i s lea d i ng . 4 ) T S M a i m s at h ar m on y ; a m ong s t ou r p e r s p ecti v e, i n t e lli g e n ce, e m o ti on s , i n s ti n c t s a n d bod y ; a n d a i m s at b e s t e ff o r t s ; o f g l ob al we l f a r e t h r oug h law s , r u les, a n d c onv e n ti on s a n d s o on . T h e h y p ed tec hn i qu es o f “ m e d itati on ” h a v e no t h i n g to d o w ith a n y bod y e l s e o t h er t h an ou r p etty s el v e s ! T h e r e i s i m p licit o r e xp licit i n d i ff e r e n ce; t o wa r d s w o r l d , s o cie t y o r f a m il y ! T h is i s i n e f f ect b et r a y al o f ou r c on s cie n c e . 5 ) T S M i s no t an e xp licit p a r t o f ; a l r e a d y e x i s ti n g t r a d it i on , r eli g i o n o r at h ei s t i d e o l og y . I t do es no t p a m p e r a n y p e r s on al e g o a n d do es no t seek s pon s o r i ng ; b y a n y i nd i v i du al, i n s tit u ti o n o r a gov e r n m e n t. I t i s an i rr e s i s ti b ly i n c o m i n g t h i ng ; i nd e p e n d e n t o f all t h i s; a n d w ou ld b e a un i v e r s al f o r ce t h a t w ou ld b l o ss o m t h e un i v e r s e . T h e e s c a p i s t g i m m i c k s o f “ m e d ita t i o n a n d st r e ss m a n a g e m e n t ” h a v e s uppo r t a n d s pon s o r s h ip fr o m ; a v a r i ety o f s ou r ce s ; o f ten with u lte r i o r m o ti v e s ! 6 ) T h e T SM b ei n g an acti v e uph ill p r o ces s ; o f ov e r c o m i n g ou r o wn a n d o t h e r s ’ s ub j ecti v i t y ; f ac e s r e s i s ta n ce fr o m ou t s i d e a s w e ll a s ; fr o m wit h i n ! B u t t h e m u ch h y p ed “ m e d ita ti o n ”; do es no t i n te r f e r e with a n y po licy m a tte r s ; a n d do es no t c o m e in t h e way o f ou r o wn a n d o t h e r s ’ v e s ted i n te r e s t s o r p r e j ud ic e s ; a n d h e n ce h as n o r e s i s ta n ce fr o m ou t s i d e o r f r o m wit h i n ! 7 ) T h e T o tal St r ess Ma n a g e m e n t ( T S M) b ei n g a r elati v e ly n ew e xpo s iti o n can b e m i s und e r s t ood , i gno r ed o r c r it i cize d ; h e n ce t h e r e i s a d elay a s well as ob s tac l es. T h e “ m e d i tati on ” o n “ s al e ” h as n o s u ch f e ar o f b ei n g m i s und e r st ood , i gno r ed o r c r iticize d ! B u t T SM is r eal a n d r a d ical. I t i s an i n c o m i n g t h i ng . F r a ud s a r e boun d to p e r i s h b eca u s e o f

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t h eir i n t r i n sic f a l s i t y , v a n i t y a n d c on t r a d icti on s! 8 ) T S M i nvo l v es a v ict o r i ou s p r o c e ss o f ho li s tic r e n a i ssa n c e , w h ich e m bod ies c onqu e s t o f i n a pp r op r iate a s cet i ci s m , i n acti o n a n d no n - as s e r ti o n o n t h e on e h a nd ; a n d i nd i s c ri m i n ate p et t y pu r s u its a n d i ndu l g e n ce; o n t h e o t h e r ! 9 ) T h e T SM p r ov i d es n o f a l s e a s s u r a n ce a bou t ta ng i b le g ai n s s u ch a s ; h ealt h , m on e y , f a m e , po we r , o r e v e n m o r al s up e r i o r i ty ; as a g ai n s t t h e m a r k eted g i m m i c k s o f “ m e d itati on , d e vo ti o n , c h a r ity a n d r e vo l u ti on ”, w h ich a r e f u ll o f f a l s e a ss u r a n c e s ! M o r e ov e r ; t h e m e d i o c r ity o f s o called “ m e d itati o n ”; i s s u p e r f icia l , f a r cica l , ca s u al a n d s p r ea d s li k e a f a s h i on ; i n itially i n c on s e q u e n tial a n d later c oun te r p r odu cti v e. 10 ) T h e T S M t o ta l ly lac k s t h e d ictat o r ial attit ud e a n d nu r t u r i n g o f v e s t ed i n te r e s t s e. g . f o r m i n g a c u lt o r e s ta b l i s h i n g an i n s tit u ti o n o r o r g a n izati on ! I t i s un i v e r s al a n d h e n ce; e v en t hou g h it go es o n m a k i n g a d e f i n ite a n d s i gn i f ica n t d i ff e r e n ce in s e v e r al w a y s ; nobod y g ets a c r e d it o r p r o f it fr o m it! B u s i n e ss m en o f “ m e d itati on , d e vo ti on , c h a r ity a n d r e vo l u ti o n ” o f ten “ s u c c ee d ” in f oo li n g t h e m sel v e s a n d o t h e r s ; bu t a r e alw a y s p at h etic wit h i n ; w i t hou t T SM! Nat u r all y ; t h e g l ob al po liti c al a n d i n tellect u al lea d e r s h ip is i r r e s i s ti b ly t u r n i n g t o wa r d s ; t h e s t ud y a n d p r actice T SM; e v e n t hou g h with d i f f e r e n t s e m a n ti c s . T h e b a s ic te n e t s o f un ity s u ch a s ; on e n ess o f s p i r it u al i sm a n d m ate r ial i sm a n d on e n e s s o f t h ei s m a n d at h e i s m ; a r e a l s o b ei n g r ealized r a p i d l y ! 11 ) T h e r e a r e s till s o m e i n acc u r a ci e s a n d o r d e f icie n ci e s l e f t in T S M, w h ich a r e b ei n g r e ct i f ie d , w h ile s t ud y i n g a n d p r actici n g it. T h e p er s on al d e f i c ie n ci e s ; o f a n y on e, w h o s t ud ies T SM; a r e c on s i d e r ed as h u m an a n d h e n ce n eit h er g l o r i f i ed no r c ond e m n ed . T S M do es no t f l ou r i s h o n s u ch

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f a l s iti e s ; bu t a i m s t o b l o ss o m t og et h e r . I n t r a d i n g t h e vu l g a r ized m e d itati o n , d e vo ti on , c h a r ity a n d r e v o l u ti on ; we o f ten c on ceal ou r d e m e r i t s ; a n d h y p e ou r non e x i s te n t m e r i t s ! 12 ) M o s t i mp o r t a n t l y , t he N A M A S M A R AN i . e. b e i ng c o nnec t ed w i t h G o d i .e. a b s o lu t e t ru t h ; w i t h o u t den y ing o r esc a ping f r o m t he w o rld i.e. t h e rel a t i v e t r u t h; i s a h a l l m a r k o r a c t u a lly a c o re o f T S M . I t i s n o t “ m a r k e t e d a nd s o ld ” ! I t i s f ree; a nd h e nce; w i t h o ut a ny k i n d o f che a t ing o r g e tt ing che a t e d . T o r e m a in in vo l v ed in t he “ t ri v i a li z ed ” , “v u l ga r i z ed” a nd “ m ercen a rily m a r k e t ed m ed i t a t i o n” w i t h o ut a ny re f erence t o ; a nd/ o r c o ncern f o r; t he o bj ec t i v e m a t e ri a l c o ndi t i o ns; in a nd a r o und; i s a kind o f “ s elf in f lic t ed spiri t u a l decep t i o n a nd pe r v er s i o n ” ! N o t o n l y “ m ed i t a t i o n ” , b ut a ll reli g i o u s precep t s, s pir i t u a l ende avo r s , s pir it u a l di s c iplin e s , f e s t i va l s , celebr a t i o n s a nd a va rie t y o f ri t u a ls i n cludin g ; yog a a nd NA M A S M A R A N ; a nd o t h e r ide o l o g ic a l s o lu t i o n s ; a r e; a s s o ci a t ed w i t h t heir b y pr o d uc t , w hich i s a n o b j ec t i v e o r h o l i s t i c pe r s pe c t i v e, p o licies, pl a n s , p r og r a m s a nd t h eir i m p le m en t a t i o n ; a t a ll le v e l s . T h i s i s T o t a l S t re ss M a n ag emen t , w hich m a y a l s o b e c a lled s up e rli v in g , t o t a l w ell bein g , h o l i s t i c ren a i s s a nce o r a n y t hin g ! B u t w i t h o ut i t ; a ll t he s e a re ren d ere d ; t ri v i a li z ed, v ul ga r i z ed, s t erile o r c o un t erpr o du c t i v e c a ric a t ur e s; o f t hem s e l v es. NA M A S M A R A N , C H A R I T Y A N D SWA D H AR M A L i k e t h e d e p r i v ati o n o f o t h er i n s ti n c t s; d e p r i v ati o n o f t h e b a s ic e m o ti o n o f l ov e a n d a f f e ct i on ; is a l s o a ca u s e o f s t r e s s . T h e r e f o r e; c h a r i t y ( d ea r n e s s a n d a ff e cti on ) is l og ically on e o f t h e i m po r t a n t m e a s u r e s o f s t r ess m a n a g e m e n t ! T h e w o r d “ c h a r it y ” h as i t s r oo t in t h e o ld F r e n ch a n d L a ti n ; a n d lite r al l y

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m e a n s d ea r n e ss a n d a f f ecti on . T hu s t h e acts o f c h a r ity g i v e u s g r at i f icati o n o f f u lf illi n g ou r n eed to e xp r ess ou r a ff e c ti on ; in as m u ch a s it b e n e f i t s m a n y p e op le a r oun d u s . T h is i s w h y m o s t o f t h e r eli g i on s a n d i d e o l og ie s ; h a v e uph eld c h a r ity a s a do r a b le v al u e a n d v i r t u e. B ei n g un c h a r ita b l e , call ou s, c r ud e a n d i nd i f f e r e n t to t h e n ee d s o f o t h er p e op le; is a c t u ally b ei n g b li n d to o u r o wn h ea r t; a n d s u ff er fr o m s t r e s s ; a n d i n f ect a n d i n f l i ct o t h e r s! B ei n g un c h a r ita b le; i s b ei n g v i o le n t to ou r s el v e s a n d a l s o to o t h e r s . Ha v i n g s aid t h i s ; i s b ei n g c h a r i t a b le e noug h to m a n a g e s t r ess t o tall y ? T h is i s an i m po r ta n t qu e s ti on ; b eca u se we li v e in a p e r i od ; w h en ou r c h a r ity is u s u al l y a du lte r ated kno wi n g ly o r unkno wi ng l y with ou r p et t y m o ti v ati o n s a nd / o r gu lli b ilit y . T h u s w h ile b ei n g c h a r ita b le; we t e n d to e x t r act po litical, s o cial a n d o t h er v a r i eties o f a dv a n ta g es; o r g et c h eate d ! B u t; e v en i f c h a r i t y i s un a du lte r ate d ; it ca nno t e vo l v e u s; f r o m b ei n g fr a udu le n t, c o rr up t , e xp l o itati ve , c h e a ti ng , s wi nd li n g a n d s o on ! W e d o no t r eally b l o s s o m fr o m wit h i n ; b y p r actici n g m e r e c h a r i t y ! C h a r i t y in i t se l f ; b ei n g a p alliati v e; t hou g h e g alita r ian a n d c o m m e nd a b le acti o n ( r e s pon s e, m ea s u r e , s o l u ti on ); do es no t r e ach a n d act o n t h e r oo ts o f t h e s o cial a n d p o litical s t r e s s o r s ( e v il s ) v i z . s ect a r ian p e r s p ecti v e s , po licie s , p la n s , p r og r a m s, a d m i n i s t r a t i v e m ac h i n e r y , la w s , r u l e s , c onv e n ti o n s etc, w h ich c on ti nu e to p r odu ce s t r e s s ; at i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al le v els a n d h a r m u s. T h is i s w h y ; p r act i ce o f c h a r ity e v en i f it i s s i n c e r e; ca nno t g i v e e m o ti on al g r at i f i c a ti o n to t h e d i s ce r n i n g i nd i v i d u al s , w h o a r e o f ten

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s u f f o ca t ed in a b s e n ce o f c h a r i t y ; bu t f eel c h ea t ed ( a s a n d w h en t h eir c h a r ity is m i s u s e d ) b y t h e p r actice o f c h a r it y ! H o we v e r ; if we a r e ob li viou s to t h e s e f act s ; c h a r i t y m a y p a m p er ou r e g o a n d we d e v el o p p at r on izi n g attit u d e with i n f la t ed e go . D i f f e r e n t k i n d o f c h a r ity i s i nvo l v ed in s ub s i d y , fr ee h e a lth ca r e, fr ee e du cati on , r ese r v a t i on s o n t h e b a s i s o f c a s t e . I t i s g e n e r a ted a n d nu r t u r ed a n d p r o li f e r ate d ; b y c on se n s u s bo r n o u t o f m o ti v ati on s , te m p tati on s , m e e kn e s s, l a s s it u d e, i ndo le n ce, p a r a siti s m , i rr e s pon s i b i l ity an d v e ng ea n ce! I n t u r n ; we g et a dd icted to “ li v e a s l i a b ility o n t h e o t h e r s; b y e xp l o iti n g “ t h e d e a r n e ss a n d a f f ecti o n a n d H e r c u lean e f f o r t s ; i.e. o t h e r s’ c h a r i t y ” ! W e b e g in to d e s p ise w o r k ; s i n ce r i t y , a cc oun ta b ilit y , s e r v i ce, d e d icati on , m e r it etc. a n d k eep o n ta k i n g p r i d e in a s k i n g f o r o r b e gg i n g f o r m o r e at t h e c o s t o f o t h e r s ; as i f it i s ou r r i gh t! W e g o o n g r o wi n g as b e gg a r s a n d s ee k e r s. I n t h e c ou r s e o f t i m e we b e g i n i ndu l g i n g in po i s onou s p r op a g a nd a; un le as h i n g i nd i s c r i m i n a te v i o le n ce a n d c r e ati n g s t r e ss f o r e v e ry on e. T h is i s w o r s t m i s m a n a g e m e n t o f s t r e s s ; a n d h a r m f u l to u s a s well a s o t h e r s. T h e gov e r n m e n t, w h ich a dop ts s u ch popu li s t po licie s ; h a r m s t h e s o ciety in te r m s o f t h r o ttl i n g ho li s tic b l o s s o m i n g o f on e a n d a l l! T hu s w h et h er we d o c h a r it y ; o r g et b e n e f i t ed b y s o m e on e e l s e ’ s c h a r i t y ; we h a v e to r ealize t h at; mere c h a ri t y is no t s u ff icie n t a n d in f act p r ov e s to b e c oun te r p r od u cti v e; in t h e l on g r un . Ma n y e x a m p l e s c an b e g i v en to p r ov e t h is po i n t. T h is s c e n a r io o f f a il u r e o f “ c h a r it y ” i n e v e r y w a y ; i s e v i d e n t in t h e i n c r e a s i n g n u m b e r a n d le ng t h s o f qu e u es o f h el p l e ss a n d p at h etic

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s ee k e r s ; in fr on t o f m a n y pub lic ho s p i tals, r e s t a u r a n ts, t e m p le s , c hu r c h e s , m o s qu es, s h r i n e s ; f o r c h a r i t y ; in I nd ia. I n s u m m ar y , c h a r i t y in t h e l on g r un ; t h r o ttles u s ; in p r i d e, a r r og a n ce, c ond e s ce nd i n g attit ud e, b l o ated e go ; o r b e gg a ry , p a r a s i t i s m , m ee kn e s s , a n d i rr e s pon s i b ili t y a n d a n t i s o cial i n d i s c r i m i n ate v i o l e n ce! I n s o m e s it u ati on s ; c h a r i t y c ou ld b e t h e on ly a n d e s se n tial s o l u ti on ; f o r i nd i v i du al g r ati f ic a ti o n a n d s o cial r el ie f ; e. g . acci d e n t s , n at u r al cal a m it ie s , d r ough t s . W h at i s t h e alte r n a ti v e to c h a r i t y ? A ho li s tic p e r s p ec t i v e, po licies, p la n s a n d p r og r a m s; f o r f u l f illi n g ou r ph y s i o l og ical n ee d s s u ch a s p r o c r eat i on , hung e r , t h i r s t, l o c o m o ti on , li v i n g in ou r h a b it a t, li v i n g in ou r h e r d , p a r e n tal c a r e, w o r k i ng ; l ov e f o r t h e p ee r s , r e s p ect f o r t h e el d e r s , k i n d ca r e f o r t h e weak an d h a nd ica pp e d , a n d d i s p as s i on ate, s e l f l e ss a n d s u r g i c al v i o le n ce a g ai n s t m ali gn a n t i nd i s c r i m i n ate c o e r ci o n a n d v i o le n ce ( pun i s h m e n t s a n d P R A YAS H C H I T T A); e m bod y t h e r e f i n ed f o r m o f c h a r i t y ! T h is i s S W A D H A R MA. I t i s an a pp r op r iate s o l u ti o n in t h e f o r m o f p r o acti v ely all o ca t ed (i nd i v i du ally a n d g l ob ally b l o s s o m i ng ) du t y ; to d i ff e r e n t i nd i v i du al s ; at d i ff e r e n t s ta g es o f l i f e; acc o r d i n g d i ff e r e n t p e r s on al a n d s o cial r elati on s h i p s , d i f f e r e n t s e a s on s a n d d i ff e r e n t a u s p ici ou s d a y s ! T h r oug h S W A DH A R MA; ou r s u b j ect i v e f eeli ng s, f a n ci e s , i d i o s y n c r a s i e s , w h i m s a n d c ho ices e vo l v e i n to o b j ecti v e on e s ; a n d b l o ss o m in g l ob ally b e n e f ic i al m o ti v ati on s a n d act i on s . T h e i m po r ta n ce o f S W A DH A R MA i s t h at it do es no t g i v e r i s e to b l o ati n g o f ou r c ond e s ce nd i n g attit ud e a n d e g o o n t h e on e h a n d ( g i v e r s );

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a n d d e s t r u cti o n a n d / o r h u m il i ati o n o f ou r s el f e s t e e m ; o n t h e o t h er ( s e e k e r s )! I n Hi nd u c u lt u r e t h at I a m aw a r e o f ; t h e S W ADH A R M A h as b een in p r actice; in t h e f o r m o f v a r i ou s r e s pon s i b iliti e s o r ob li g ati on s ; c on ce p t u alized as “ p a y i n g o f f l o a n s o r d e b t s ”. De b t i s called R UNA in Sa n s k r it. R e p a y i n g t h e s e l o a n s e. g .” P I T R U R UNA ( d e b t o f f at h e r ), MA T R U R U N A ( d e b t o f m o t h e r ), a n d SAM A J R UNA ( d e b t o f s o ciet y ); is c alled S W A D H A R MA. S W A DH A M R A i s f u r t h er c la r i f ied with r e s p e ct to r elati on s h i p s . T h u s w h o s h ou ld d o w h at a n d h o w; to r e p a y t h e s e d e b t s ; i s d e ta ile d ! T hu s t h e r e a r e PU T R A D H A R MA (t h e s a c r ed ob li g ati on s o f a s on ), M A T R U D HA R MA (sac r ed ob l i g ati on s o f a m o t h e r ), P IT R U D H A R MA ( s a c r ed o b li g ati on s o f a f at h e r ), R A J A DH A R M A (sac r ed ob li g ati o n s o r r e s pon s i b ilities o f a k i ng ). T h is DH A R AMA p r e v ale n t in t h e d i ff e r e n t s ta g e s o f l i f e; i s called AS H R A MA D H A R MA. T hu s t h e D H A R MA in s t ud e n t s t a g e i s t h at o f ( BR AH MA C H A R YA A SH R A M A), m ar r ied f a m i l y p er s on ’ s s ta g e ( G R U H AS T H A A SH R A M A), r et i r e d s ta g e (V A N A P R AS T H A AS H R A MA) a n d sta g e o f t r a n s ce nd e n tal r e noun c e m e n t o r r e nun ciati o n (SAN Y ASA A S R HAM A ). T hu s ; a B R A H M A C H A R I s t ud e n t i s e xp ected to ob s e r v e a u s t e r i t y a n d celi b ac y . He i s e xp ected to d e d icate h i m se l f ; o r h e r s e l f t o s t ud y ; a n d g r o w in ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e , t h i nk i n g , f ee l i ng s , i n s ti n c t s a n d acti on s . C eli b a c y ; o r e v en t h e att e m p t to o b s e r v e celi b ac y ; r e du c es t h e m e n a ce o f A I DS, o t h er s e xu a lly t r a n s m itted d i s e a s e s a n d p r ob l e m s o f u n m a r r ied m o t h er s . I t a l s o h e l p s to c h a nn elize a t te n ti o n t o wa r d s s u b l i m e a s p i r ati o n s . I t p r e s u m a b ly h el p s u s ; t o ov e r c o m e t h e d r a gg i n g f o r ce o f ou r p etty t e m p tati o n s , d i v e r s i on s ; a n d d i s t r acti on s fr o m ph y s ica l , s e xu al

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a n d m ate r i al p le a s u r e s . T h e G R U H AS TH A o r f a m i l y p er s o n h as t h e s ac r ed du ty o f o ff e r i n g ho s p itality to a gu e s t (A T I T H I ). T h e A T I T HI i n s tit u ti o n s e r v ed a b e n e vo le n t pu rp o s e f o r t h e s o c i ety; a s a p il g r i m , a t r a d e r , an e n t e r tai n e r , a s o ci a l s cie n t i s t e t c. T h i s i s u s e f u l a s a un iti n g f o r c e a m ong s t t h e p e op le in d i ff e r e n t p la ce s . T h is h el p s in b r o a d e n i n g ou r m i n d a n d b e h a v i o r ; t h e r e b y ov e r c o m i n g ou r te nd e n cy to s a f e gu a r d m e r e l y o u r o wn p etty i n te r e s t s. G R UH A S T HA h el p s t h e i n s tit u ti o n o f A TI TH I in un iti n g a n d h a r m on izi n g s o cie t y . T h e s ta g e o f r eti re d l i f e a n d t h e s ta g e o f r e nun ciati o n ( V ANA P R A S T HA a n d SANYA S A) we r e c h a r act e r ized b y c on s u ltati v e a c ti v itie s . T h e VANA P R AS T H A a n d SAN Y ASA; i m p l i e d ; b ei n g p r o m o t ed to i m p a r tial j ud g m e n t s , i n s t r u cti n g in d ay to d a y r ou ti n e a n d p r ov i d i n g gu i d a n ce in s p i r it u al qu e s t s . T h e r e i s n o e s ca p i s t o r se l f d e p r i v i n g c onno tati o n in a n y o f t h e s e; a n d in a n y w a y . T h e c on ce p t o f S W A D H A R MA i s a k in to t h e r o le o f a cell in m a i n te n a n ce o f i n te r n al e nv i r o n m e n t i.e. h o m e o s t a s i s . T hu s j u s t a s a cell p a r tici p at e s in h o m e o s t a s i s in s ub se r v ie n ce to t h e h ealth o f i ts o w n ; a n d o f t h e o r g a n i s m ; s i m i la r l y an i nd i v i d u al p a r tici p at e s in s o cial h o m e o s t a s i s ; b y s u b s e r v ie n ce to h i s o r h er o w n ; as well as t h e h ealth o f t h e s o cie t y . Si n ce t h e f a b r ic o f t h e I nd ian s o cie t y h as b een un i d e n t i f i a b ly d a m a g ed a n d m u ti l ated r e p e ate d l y ; t h e r e v i v al o f t h e o ld S W A D H A R MA; do es no t s e e m p la u s i b le, po s s i b le a n d p r ob a b le. B u t we can u nd e r s ta n d a n d p r actice t h e e s se n ce o f S W A DH A R MA; t h r oug h r ect if icati o n o f ou r c ogn iti on , a ff ect a n d c on ati on ; t h r o u g h NAMA S M A R AN, w h ich

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catal y z e s t h e e vo l u ti o n o f ou r s u b j ect i v it y , i n to ob j e cti v e c on s ci ou s n e s s , g l ob al p e r s p ecti v e, g l ob al t h i nk i n g , g l ob al po licies; a n d g l ob ally b e n e f ic i al a d m i n i s t r ati o n a n d i m p l e m e n tati o n o f t h e s e; c h a r acte r i s tic to ou r f iel d . T o pu t it m o r e e xp licitly bu t b r o a d l y ; a do ct o r w ou ld w o r k f o r t h e a dv e n t o f ho l i s tic m e d ici n e, a l a w y er w ou ld w o r k f o r ho l i s tic l a ws w h ich w ou ld p r ov i d e no t m e r e l y pun i s h m e n t bu t P R A YA S C H I T T A ( oppo r t u n ity f o r on e ’ s i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial we l f a r e), a n e du cati on i s t w ou ld e vo l v e ho li s tic e du cati o n (w h ich nu r t u r es s p i r it u al, c ogn iti v e, af f ecti v e, p s y c h o m o t o r a n d p r odu cti v e d o m ai n s o f a c h il d ); in t e r m s o f po licy m a k i ng , p la nn i n g a n d i m p le m e n tati o n . T h is i s t h e e vo l u ti o n f r o m C HA R IT Y to S W A D H A R MA t h r oug h NAM A SM A R AN (w h ich L o r d K r i s hn a a n d t h e o t h er s e e r s h a v e i n te n s ely a n d ea r n e s t l y a dvo cated f o r m ille nn ia) a n d is t h e c o r e o f t h e T o tal St r ess Ma n a g e m e n t t h at can e r a d icate t h e e v i l s s u ch a s ; c h ild la bo r , b e gg i ng , s l u m d welli ng , p a v e m e n t d welli ng , d i sea s e s, h a nd ica p s, po ll u ti o n , c o rr up t i o n a n d s o on ! I t h a s to b e r eite r a t ed t h at N A MA SM A R AN; c an w o r k f ar m o r e b e n e vo le n tl y ; t h an w h at h as b een c on cei v ed a n d a r tic u l a ted h e r e. NA M A S M A R AN BE Y O ND A L L S T R E SS T h e s ou r ce o f t hough t s , f eeli ng s , i n s t i n cts a n d t h e l i f e i t se l f i s c alled G od , N I R V ANA, MOK S HA, B R A H MA e t c. T h is s ou r ce i s v a r i o u s ly d e s c r i b ed a s b ei n g t h e s ou r ce o f un i v e r s e , e n e r g y , s p ace a n d t i m e; a n d a s ; o m n iscie n t, o m n i po te n t, o m n i p r e se n t, N A MA o r G U R U . T h i s i m m o r tal b l i ss f u l s ou r ce o f e v e r y t h i ng ; t r i gg e r s ; t h e s p r i n g o f un i v e r s al

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s p i r it u al d y n a m i s m , t hou sa nd s o f ho li s tic c on ce p t s , t hou s a nd s o f c r eati v e acti v ities a n d t hou s a nd s o f m i s s i on s ; t h r oug h His o m n i p o te n ce! He pu lls u s t o w a r d s H i m se l f ; t h r oug h t h e end o w m e n t o f t h e un i v e r s ally acce p ta b le a n d p r a ctica b le po te n t m e g a p r o cess N A M A SM A R A N ( J A P , J A A P, J I K R A, S U M I R A N, a n d S I M A R AN; i .e. r e m e m b e r i n g a nd / o r r eciti n g n a m e ( NA MA) o f G od ). He e m po we r s u s ; to p r actice NAM A SM A R AN, e vo l v e ho li s tic c o n ce p t s , d e d icate f o r g l ob al we l f a re ; in s p ite o f ou r we a kn e ss e s. . W h en we b e g in to e xp e r ie n ce t h i s ; w e r e a l i ze t h e c on ti ng e n t, s u b j ecti v e, t r i v ial a n d e v a n es c e n t n at u r e; o f t h e so called g r eat f o r c es a n d po we r s ; a n d obv i o u s ly a l s o ; o f “ ou r ” c on ce p t s, “ ou r ” f eeli ng s a n d “ ou r ” l i f e it s e l f ! W e b ec o m e h u m b ler a n d b e g in to p r actice N AM ASM A R AN m o r e t h a n k f u ll y ! W e b ec o m e i n c r e a s i ng ly fr e e o f a nx i et y , w o r r y a n d f ea r ! T h i s i s t h e s u ccess f u l b e g i nn i n g o f go i ng ; be yo nd a ll s t r e s s ! NA M A S M A R A N , Y O G A A ND S T R E S S O n e o f t h e c a u s e s o f f ail u r e in s t r e ss m a n a g e m e nt ; i s ; re du ci n g t h e c on ce p t o f y og a; t o m e r e phy s ical po s t u r e s , b r eat h i n g t e c hn i qu e s , k r i y a s a n d d ieta r y c on t r o l. T h i s t r i v ialized yog a; is h y p e d , s o ld a n d pu r c h a s e d ; f o r p etty ' g ai n s ' a n d / o r s ic k e n i n g g r a t i f i cati o n o f e go ! T h is w a y we ca nno t m a n a g e t h e i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al s t r e ss ; w h ich i s in t h e f o r m o f d ece p t i on , d eceit, d eli r i u m , d el u s i on , d e s pond e n c y , d e s p a i r , d e f e at, d e g e n e r ati on , d e g r a d ati on , d est r u cti o n a n d d e v a s t ati on ! H o we v e r ; w e n eed no t c ond e m n o t h e r s o r ou r s el v e s f o r t h i s . I n s t ea d ; we s hou ld u s e t h i s g r e at oppo r t un it y ; to e xp l o r e, und e r s ta nd , a pp r eciat e , p r actice a n d p r op a g ate y og a w h ich i s a p r o c e ss o f e vo l v i n g a n d p r actici ng ;

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1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . T h e p e r s p e cti v e o f g l ob al un ity a n d h a r m on y , T h e t hough ts a n d po licies o f g l ob al we l f a r e , M o ti v ati o n a n d c on ce r n f o r g l ob al we l f a r e, M u t u al l y s at i s fy i n g i n s ti n c t s , Acti v iti e s c ondu ci v e to i nd i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i ng ; t h r ough ; NAM A SM A R AN; p r actici n g t h e o t h er m e a s u r e s , p r o c e du r es a n d tec hn i qu es (i n cl ud i n g t ho s e in h at h a yog a); as a d j uv a n t NA M A S M A R AN AND S T R E SS IN E M P L O Y E E S AND E M P L O Y E R S Si n ce t h e s t r e ss is ub i qu it o u s ; it i s p r e v ale n t a m ong s t t h e e m p l oy e r s a n d e m p l o y e e s a l s o . Q u ite a l o t h a s b een w r itten o n t h e r ela t i on s h ip b etween e m p l o y e r s a n d t h e e m p l o y e e s. B u t b e ca u s e; t h e s o l u ti o n s p r o v i d e d ; h a v e no t b een a d e qu ately ho li s t i c; t h e y h a v e no t p r ov ed e ff ec t i ve . T h e c on f lic t s a n d t h e s t r ess h a v e c on ti nu ed to p la gu e u s . I n t od a y ’ s w o r l d ; ou r r elati o n s h i p s ( e m p l o y e r s a n d e m p l o y e e s ); a r e f oun d to v a r y fr o m c o m p a n y to m il l , city to v illa g e , pub lic s ect o r to p r i v ate sect o r , f ar m to qu a r r y a n d f r o m c on t r act s y s t e m to p e r m a n e n t e m p l o y m e n t. O u r s tat u s a s e m p l oy e r s a l s o h a s b ec o m e qu ite h ete r og e n e ou s a n d f u ll o f c on t r a d ict i on s ; in te r m s o f p r i o r ities a n d i n te r e s t s. O f ten a p a r tic u lar po licy f i n a n cially b e n e f its s o m e s ecti o n s o f i ndu s t r i e s ; w h ile h a r m s t ho s e o f t h e o t h e r s. T h is i s e s p ecial l y e v i d e n t; w h e r e t h e f i n a n cial b e n e f its o f e xp l o itati o n o f d e v el op i n g c oun t r ies g et p as s ed o n to t h e e m p l o y e e s in a f f l u e n t c oun t r ie s ! T h e r e a r e c on t r a d icti on s a m on g s t t h e e m p l oy e r s a n d e m p l o y e e s in d i f f e r e n t i ndu s t r i e s ; s u c h as wea pon s , s e r v ice i ndu s t r i e s, alc oho l, f r u it j u ic e s , t ob acc o , h ealth f oo d p r o d u ct s , d r u g s , f a s t ( j unk ) f ood s, e m e r g e n c y m e d ici n e s , c os m et i cs a n d e d i b le o il s . T h is i s a

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c h alle ng e o f g l ob al s t r e ss m a n a g e m e n t. W e all n eed i nn er g r o wth a n d ob j ect i v ity o n t h e on e h a n d a n d ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e, p ac t s , po licie s , l a w s , r u l e s , p la nn i n g a n d p ro g r a m s; c ondu ci v e to s u ch i nn er g r o wt h ; o n t h e o t h e r . T h i s c an h elp s o m e o f u s (lea d e r s , e s ta b l i s h m e n t o r e m p l oy e r s); to r i s e a bov e p etti n es s ; a n d s o m e o f u s (t h e la n d - l e ss la bo r e r s , c h ild la bo r e r s ) to r i s e a bov e h el p les s n e ss a n d a p at h y . I t i s s aid t h at; t h is i s po s s i b le; t h r ough ; s t r i v i n g f o r t he e s s en c e o f clas s l e ss s o c i et y , w h ich is ho l i s tic r e n ais s a n ce, t h r oug h un i v e r s al p r actice o f N A M A SM A R A N ( r e f e rr e d to as t h e i nd i s p e n s a b le li gh t o r ox y g en f o r on e a n d all). B u t i n tel l ec t u ally we can on ly i m a g i n e t h is. F o r act u al e xp e r ie n ce o f h ea l i n g ou r s el v e s a n d t h e aili n g m a nk i nd ; b o th m a t e r ial l y a n d s p i r it u ally w e n eed to p r actice, v e r i f y t h e v ital r o le o f NAM A SM A R AN a n d t h en p r o m o te i t to cata l y ze ou r b l o ss o m i n g f u r t h e r . NA M A S M A R AN AND P OL I T ICS H o lis t ic unde r s t a nding o f c o rrup t i o n, P o licy M a k i n g , L e a d er s hip a nd d e m o cr a c y , I m p e ri a lism, M a h a t m a G a ndhi, U n e m pl o y m e n t , E le c t i o n s a nd De m o cr a c y , Re vo lu t i o n s , Accid e n t s , NA M A S M A R AN AND HOL I S T I C UN D E RS T AN D ING O F C O R RU P T I O N S o m e i nd i v i du als a r e act u al l y m a n i f estati on s o f pu r e c on s ci ou s n e s s . T h eir c ogn iti on , a ff ect a n d c on ati o n ( p e r ce p ti on , f eeli n g s a n d re s pon s e s ) a r e b e y on d e v e r y p e r s on al o r s ub j e c t i v e c on s i d e r ati on . T h ey a r e ob j ecti v e o r a b s o l u te t r u th p e r s on i f ie d . T h e y d o n o t d ie. T h ey li v e t r u ly a n d f o r e v e r . F o r t h e m ; t h e un i v e r s e i s act u ally li k e a f a m il y . W h en a n d i f

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t h ey s a y it; it i s no t r h et o r ic. T h e y a r e b e y on d e v e r y k i n d o f d i s c r i m i n ati on . T h ey a r e no t f ette r ed b y r eli g i ou s, r acia l , n ati on al, r e g i on al a n d o t h er p r e j ud ic e s . T h eir t hou g h ts a n d i d eas g e r m i n ate to b e n e f it t h e w ho le un i v e r s e. T h eir lit e r at u r e a n d c r eati v e a r t h a v e t h e ca nv as o f t h e wh o le un i v e r s e . T h e i r p as s i on s t r a n s ce n d m e r e bod ily g r at i f icati o n s a n d e ng e nd er t h e b l o ss o m i n g o f t h e w ho le un i v e r s e. T h eir m o ti v ati o n s a n d a c ti on s m ob ilize a n d r ealize t h e we l f a r e o f t h e w ho le un i v e r s e. Sa dgu r u S h r i B r a h m a c h aita n y a Ma h a r a j G ond a v le k ar ( 1 84 5 to 1 9 13 ) was s u ch a p e r s on i f i cati on . I o we e v e ry t h i n g t h at f o ll o w s ; e x ce p ti n g t h e s ho r tc o m i n g s ; to Hi m . C o rrup t i o n C o rr up ti o n e m bod i e s ; d e g r a d ati o n o f on e ’ s p e r s p ecti v e , t hou g h t s , f eeli ng s a n d acti on s . T hu s ; t h e v isi o n o r p e r s p ecti v e, c o n ce p ts o r t hou g h t s , e m o ti on s o r f e eli ng s , i n s ti n c ts o r p as s i o n s a n d b e h a v i o r o r acti on s ; a r e d e g r a d ed b y t h e i nn er a n d ou ter s u rr ound i n g s o r e nv i r o n m e n t; a n d t h ey in t u r n ; i n f l u e n ce t h e i nn er a n d ou ter s u rr ound i ng s o r e n v i r o n m e n t. T h i s h a pp e n s eit h er c o n s c i ou s l y , s ub c on s ci ou s l y o r un c on s ci ou s l y ; i .e. kno wi ng ly o r unkno wi ng l y ! C o rrupt P e r s p e c t i v e Pe r s p ecti v e i s li k e t h e e xp a n s e o f c on s ci ou s n e s s ! T hu s t h e no r m al c y o f t h is e xp a n s e o f c o n s ci ou s n e ss i . e. p e r s p ecti v e; i s b ei n g un i v e r s al! T h e d e g r ee o f re s t r icti o n o f t h at e xp a n s e o f c on s ci o u s n ess i. e . p e r s p ecti v e; d ete r m i n e s t h e d e g r ee o f t h e s u f f o cat i o n a n d t h r o ttli n g o f c on s ci o u s n ess, m a r k i n g t h e b e g i nn i n g o f c o rr up ti on ! T hu s ; t h e r e s t r ict i o n o f c on s ci ou s n e ss ( p er s p ecti v e) c on s tit u t es s e p a r ati o n fr o m n at u r e, w o r l d , c oun t r ie s , r eli g i on s, r e g i on s, p r ov i n ce s , sec t s , l i ngu i s tic g r oup s , c a s t e s ,

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c o m m un iti e s , c r e e d s , s e c ts a n d e v en ou r o wn f a m i l y a n d fr o m ou r t r u e s e l f a n d e m bod i e s c o rr up ti on ! T h is d i s e a s e o f c o r r up ted p e r s p ecti v e is s ub tle a n d h e n ce no t ea s i l y no tice d . Si n ce t h e m e d ical s y s t e m s t o d ay h a v e no t lea r n t to d ia gno s e a n d t r eat t h e d i s e a s e v i z. “ c o r r up ti o n o f p e r s p e cti v e”; t h e y d o no t i d e n ti f y a n d t r eat t h i s d i s e a s e, w h ich o f ten i n f licts t h e m e d ical s y s t e m s t h e m sel v es! Secta r ian a n d c o r r up t p e r s p ecti v e m a k es ou r t hough t s , f eeli ng s a n d acti on s a l s o i n c r e a s i ng ly m ea n , l on el y , wea k , i n e r t, g r u m b li ng , i n t o le r a n t, i n c on s i d e r ate, r e s e n t f u l, v i nd icti v e a n d m ise r a b ly s e l f i s h a n d p at hog e n ic ( m a n y t i m e s c on cea l ed und er d ece p ti v e g l a m ou r a n d g litte r ) ; a n d v ice v e r sa; f o r ou r s el v e s a n d t h e s o ciet y ! T h e p a r a di g ms o r p r e m i s e s ; o f t h e secta r ian s up r e m a c y , r acial s up e r i o r i t y , f i n a n c i al e xp a n s i on i s m , r eli g i ou s b i go t r y a n d f a n atic i sm a n d s o o n (wit hou t c on ce r n f o r t h e well b ei n g o f t h e e n ti r e w o r l d ) c on s tit u t e s c o rr up t p e r s p ecti v e a n d h i g h ly i n f ec t i ou s s t r e s s ! C o rr up t T h i nk i n g As t h e ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e o r no r m al p e r s p e cti v e g e t s c o rr up ted ( d i s e a s ed a n d d e g e n e r ate d ) ; it b ec o m es i n c r e a s i ng ly n ar r o wer, s ick a n d s ect a r ia n . F r o m t h i s s ick a n d s e c ta r i a n s o il o f c o rr up t p e r s p ecti v e , t h e s ick a n d s ect a r ian t h i nk i n g , f eeli ng s a n d i n s ti n cts g e r m i n ate; a n d m a k e t h e s o il f u r t h er s i c k ! E v e r y t h i n g ho li s tic g ets d e g e n e r a t ed i n to e v e ry t h i n g sick a n d s ect a r ia n ! T h e c o rr up t t h i nk i n g a n d c o rr up t r ati on ale; p r odu ce t h e c o e r ci v e; i n t er n ati on al, n ati on al a n d l o cal; la w s , c onv e n ti o n s , t r a d iti on s , r u l e s , p ac t s ( f o r m ed wit hou t c on ce r n f o r well b ei n g o f t h e e n t i r e w o r l d )!

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T hu s t h e r acial l y d i s c r i m i n ati n g c on s t it u ti on s , t h e le g al d i s c r i m i n ati o n o n t h e b a s i s o f c a s t e s , le g al y et u n j u s t tax s y s t e m / s to e x p l o it ce r tain s ecti o n f o r t h e b e n e f it o f a no t h er sec t i on , t h e r e p r e s s i v e laws a g ai n s t t r a d e, s hop s a n d s u ch c o m m e r ci a l act i v itie s , t h e d ece p ti v e p r o m o ti o n o f s e v e r al h a r m f u l o r u s el e ss p r odu cts, v a r i ou s l aw s a n d r u l es with r e s p ect to un j u s t s p ec i al e c on o m ic z on e s a n d s o o n a r e e x a m p l e s o f “ c o r r up t t h i nk i ng ”! T h e p r e s e n t s ec t a r ian m e d i cal a n d e du cati o n s y s t e m s (c on s p ic uou s ly la c k i n g in i n te g r ati o n a n d p r odu cti v e d o m a in r e s p e cti v el y ) a l s o ; a r e g la r i n g e x a m p l es o f c o rr up t t h i nk i ng . T h e s o called c o rr up ti o n ( e m bod y i n g m e r e f i n a n cial s c a m s, b r i b i n g a n d e v en o t h er c o rr up t acti v ities) i s act u a l ly a v i s i b le s up e r f i cial s y m p t o m o f t h e d ee p er d ise a s e v iz. c o rr up t t h i nk i ng , w h ich in t u r n is t h e c r ud e s y m p t o m o f d ee p e r d ise a s e v iz. c o rr u p t p e r s p ecti v e ! C o rr up t E m o ti on s C o rr up t p e r s p ecti v e, c o r r up t t h i nk i n g ; c o rr up t t h e e m o t i on s a n d i n s ti n c t s ; a n d v ice v e r sa! T h e m o ti v ati o n b e h i n d t h e lite r at u r e, a r t, m e d ia, m ov i e s , d r a m a s, a n d a dv e r ti s e m e n t s a n d s o o n ( s e r v i n g t h e secta r i an a i m s, p etty o b j ecti v e s , a n d v e s ted i n te r e s t s i ng r ai n ed in t h e a bov e i n tellect u al t h e m e s ; wit hou t c on ce r n f o r t h e w e l f a r e o f p e op le at l a r g e; o r e v en a t t h e c o s t o f t h e we l f a r e o f p e op le at la r g e) c on s tit u te t h e c o rr up ti o n o f e m o ti o n s. C o rr up t i n s ti n c t s C o rr up t p e r s p ecti v e, c o r r up t t h i nk i ng , c o rr up t e m o ti o n s c o rr up t t h e i n s ti n c t s a n d v ice v e r s a ! E x a m p l e s o f c o rr up t i n s ti n c t s a r e; t h e i nd i s c r i m i n ate un a b a s h ed e xh i b iti on i s m , i m m od e s t y , po r nog r a ph y a n d s o on .

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C o rr up t A cti on s C o rr up t p e r s p ecti v e, c o r r up t t h i nk i ng , c o rr up t e m o ti o n s , c o rr up t i n s ti n c t s c o rr up t t h e acti on s; a n d v ice v e r s a. T h e act u al la w s, lit e r at u r e, a r t f o r m s, m e d ia ca m p ai gn s, m ov e m e n t s , a n d s u ch e v e r y acti v ity in d i ff e r e n t f i el d s ; eit h er o r g a n ized o r uno r g a n ized (wit hou t c on ce r n f o r t h e we l f a r e o f t h e w o r l d ; o r at t h e c o s t o f t h e w o r l d ) c on s tit u t e s t h e c o rr up t acti on s . C on s i d e r i n g t h e un i v e r s al e xp a n s e o f t h e c o rr up ti o n a n d t h e s t r e ss as s o ciated with it; fr o m t h e b r i e f d is c u s si o n a bov e, it s hou ld b e clear ho w c o rr up ti o n a n d s t r ess a r e r e ally ub i qu it o u s i.e. no t on ly ou t s i d e bu t i n s i d e u s a s w ell ! ! T h e r oo ts o f t h e c o rr up ti o n t h r i v e f r o m t h e f a u lty p e r s p ecti v e, f o ll o w ed b y c o r r up t t ho u gh t s , e m o ti on s a n d acti on s . Acti o n a g ai n s t C o r r up ti o n C o rr up ti o n p r ob a b ly ca nno t b e e r a d i c ate d , a s it i s a h u m an wea kn ess. T h e o r etical l y ; e v e n if it i s e r a d ica t ed t od ay c o m p le t el y ; it i s go i n g to r e s u r g e; t h r oug h t h e n ew g e n e r ati o n s . B u t it can c e r tai n ly b e b r ough t do wn t o “ l e ast t r oub le s o m e ” l e v el. F o r t h i s ; w e n eed to re ct i f y , r e p ai r , r e s t o r e, r e g e n e r ate, r e j u v e n ate a n d e f f ecti v e l y b l o s s o m ; t h e r oo t s (w h i c h a r e i n f e cted b y c o rr up ti on ) ; o f ou r p e r s p ecti v e, t h i nk i ng , e m o ti on s , i n s t i n cts a n d acti o n s ! F o r t h i s ; we h a v e to b r eak op en t h e t h r o ttli n g s h ac k les, r est r icti n g ou r c o n s ci ou s n e ss a n d m i n i m i z e t h e c o r r u p ti o n o f ou r p e r s p e cti v e, t h i nk i ng , f e e li ng s, i n s ti n c t s a n d acti on s ! T h is can b e don e i f we s t ud y t h e s c op e a n d po te n tial o f NAM A SM A R AN; p r actic e , v e r i f y a n d p r op a g ate it, i f w e a r e c onv i n ce d ; as a c o m m o n m i n i m u m p r og r a m f o r b l o ss o m i n g o f an i nd i v i d u al a n d t h e m a nk i nd .

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I s t h is no t h a pp e n i n g at all? I t i s h a pp e n i ng . Act u all y ; m a n y t h e i s t s ; p r actici ng , p r o m o ti n g a n d p r op a g ati n g NAM A SM A R AN; as well a s m a n y a t h ei s t s no t p r act i ci n g NAM A SM A R AN; m a y no t h a v e t h i s p e r s p ecti ve ; bu t t h eir acti o n s ; a r e c o m p l e m e n t a r y a n d h e n ce c on t r i bu te to g l ob al we l f a r e; i n te r m s o f t h e f e r vo r , m o ti v ati o n a n d d r i v i n g f o r ce; a n d a n al y tical, op e r ati on al a n d tec hno l og ical ca p a b ility r e s p ecti v e l y ! O f c ou r s e; t h ey o f ten d o t h is unk n o wi ng ly a n d a r e un awa r e o f t h e f act t h at t h e y a r e s e r v i n g t h e c o s m i c p la n ! B u t t h i s i s f ar f r o m b ei n g e nou g h . F o r an e ff ecti v e A cti o n A g ai n s t C o rr up ti o n ; we h a v e to ta k e no te o f t h e qu alitie s ; b y v i r t u e o f w h ich c o r r up t p e op le; h a v e b een p r ov i n g v ict o r i ou s ov er ho li s tic r e n a i s s a n ce a n d s up e r li v i n g i.e. T o tal St r ess Ma n a g e m e n t! T h e qu alities o f t h e c o rr up t p e op le a r e m a n y ! S o m e o f t h e s e qu aliti e s a m ong s t m a n y ; a re ; d y n a m i c lea d e r s h i p , cla r i t y , f o c u s, se r i ou s n e s s , c ou r a g e, c o m m i t m e n t, bo l dn e s s, p r e p a r e dn ess to f ace a n y c on se qu e n ces f o r t h eir acti on , p a t ie n ce, s h r ew dn e ss a n d p la nn i ng . T h e y h a v e n o wea kn ess in t e r m s o f c o m p r o m i s i n g with go al! T h e y d o no t p a r do n a n y bod y go i n g a g ai n s t o r ast r a y . T h e y a r e r ea d y to ta k e a n y r i s k a n d s ta k e no t on ly t h e i r o w n , bu t t h eir f a m i l y ’ s l i f e in t h e i r go al. I f w e i n t r o s p ect hon e s t l y ; t h en we w o u ld ce r tai n ly a d m i t ; at le a s t t o ou r s el v e s ; t h at we lack m a n y o f t h e s e qu alitie s . W e l a ck d y n a m ic lea d e r s h i p , cla r i t y , f o c u s , se r i ou s n e s s , c ou r a g e, c o m m i t m e n t, bo l dn es s , p r e p a r e dn ess to f a ce a n y c on s e qu e n c es f o r ou r a cti on , p atie n ce,

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s h r ew dn e ss a n d p l a nn i ng . W e l ack b ac kbon e a n d k eep c o m p r o m i s i n g with ou r go al! W h i le t h ey d o no t p a r d o n a n y bod y go i n g a s t r ay fr o m t h eir go al we no t o n ly p a r don , bu t ac t u ally lick t h e f eet o f ou r fr i e nd s go i n g away fr o m o u r go al o f “ acti o n a g ai n s t c o r r up ti o n ”! W e a r e NOT r ea d y to ta k e a n y r i s k a n d s ta k e no t h i ng ! F o r g et a bou t li f e, we a r e N OT r ea d y to g i v e a n y ti m e, e n e r g y o r m o n ey f o r ; w h at we c all a s ou r go al v iz. Acti o n a g ai n st C o r r up ti on . W e can d i s p r ov e a ll m y s ta te m e n t, at lea s t p a r t l y , e v en i f we s t ud y a n d p r op a g ate t h e c on ce p t o f T o tal St r e ss Ma n a g e m e n t i .e. ho li s tic r e n ais s a n c e o r s up e r li v i n g (t h e c o r e o f w h ich i s NA MA SM A R A N) to m e r e ly 1 0 p e r s o n s in a d ay on l y on ce; t h en in 1 0 d a y s it w ou ld g o ac r o ss t h e w ho le m a nk i n d as a wea po n f o r t h e acti o n a g ai n s t c o rr up ti on ; as f o ll o w s .           1x10 = 1 0 10x 1 0 = 10 0 100 x 10 = 1 0 0 0 100 0 x10 = 1 00 0 0 100 0 0x 1 0 = 10 0 00 0 100 0 00 x 10 = 1 0 00 0 0 0 100 0 00 0 x10 = 1 00 0 000 0 100 0 00 0 0x 1 0 = 10 0 000 0 0 0 100 0 00 0 00 x 10 = 1 0 000 0 00 0 0 100 0 00 0 00 0 x10 = 1 000 0 00 0 00 0 I n a n y ca s e; T o tal St r e ss M a n a g e m e n t i.e. ho li s tic r e n a i s s a n ce o r s up e r li v i n g (t h e c o r e o f w h ich is N A MA S M A R A N ); w h ate v er b e t h e s e m a n ti c s ; i s w r it i n g o n wall. I t i s an i n c o m i n g t h i n g i r r e s p ecti v e o f ou r wi s h a n d wi l l ! ! I t i s ou r f o r t un e a n d p r i v ile g e; i f we und e r sta n d a n d p a r tici p ate in i t !

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NA M A S M A R AN AND P OL I CY M A K I N G NAM A SM A R AN h el p s an i nd i v i du al r e m ain in t h e cl o se s t v ici n i t y o f t r u t h . I t i s c o m m o n ly und e r s t oo d (a n d b a s ic a lly c o rr e ctly s o ) t h at t r u th gov e r n s e v e r y t h i n g in t h e un i v e r s e. O n e m u s t a l s o a p p r eciate in t h is c on te x t; t h at in m o s t o f t h e p lac e s in t h e w o r l d ; on e o f t h e a pho r is m s w a s t h at t h e k i n g i .e. t h e po licy m a k er a n d r u ler i s i n c a r n ati o n o f G od . I t w a s t r a d iti on al wi s d o m t h at e xp ected t h e k i ng s to c on f o r m t o t r u th a n d m a k e p o licies b a s ed o n t h e v i s i o n o r p e r s p ecti v e s p r un g f r o m t r u t h . I n Hi n du s t h is i s called " R a j a dh a r m a " . I t is t h e s a m e a s a c c u r ate a n d b e n e vo le n t p e r s p ecti v e, t hough ts a n d acti on s i.e. s o cial du ties o f t h e k i ng . I n Hi ndu s it w a s a p a r t o f t r a d iti on al wi s d o m t h at t h e R a j a gu r u i .e. a s e l f l e ss a n d s c ho la r l y gu i d e with acc u r ate v i s i on ; w as as s i gn ed t h e t a sk o f gu i d i n g a n d h el p i n g t h e k i n g in p r actici n g R a j a dh a r m a o r in o t h er w o r d s , m a n i f e s ti n g t r u th (will o f G od ). I n t od a y ' s t i m e ' wi l l o f G od ' i.e. c os m i c w i s d o m c an b e m a n i f e s ted t h r oug h t h e p r o ce s s o f b ec o m i n g i n c r ea s i ng ly ob j e c ti v e a n d ho li s tic. M o s t o f u s h a v e t h e oppo r t un ity to g r o w ob j ecti v e a n d ho li s tic. T h i s wa y ; we all can at t ain t h e po s iti on , r e s p ecta b ili t y a n d t h e sw a y o f ou r c on s cie n ce; o n b il l i on s ; a n d all t h e m en in po wer; h a v e t h e oppo r t un ity to g r o w m o r e ob j e cti v e a n d ho li s tic; a n d c on cei v e a n d i m p le m e n t t h e p r og r a m s , w h ich a r e g l ob ally b e n e vo le nt . Act u ally w h et h er a c o m m o n p e r s o n o r a p e r s o n in po w e r ; we all c an attain a po s iti o n in t h e r ea l m o f t r u t h ; t h r oug h NAMA S M A R A N . T h is h as b een a m p ly v a li d ated b y s ai n t s a n d s a g e s w h o h a v e t r u ly attai n ed t h e po s iti on s o f po w e r a n d r u led t h e h ea r ts o f p e op le, a n d t h is h a s al s o b e en e x e m p li f ied b y k i ng s a n d r u le r s , w h o r ealized t h e t r u th a n d s e l f l e s s l y r u led in t h e i n te r e st o f t h e p e o p le, in p a s t. T od a y ; N AM A S M A R AN e n a b l e s u s ; to r i s e a bov e s ub jecti v e a n d p etty c on s i d e r ati on s a n d attac h m e n t s. I t e n a b les u s to p e r cei v e t h e n ee d , d i r ecti o n a n d e v en a b r o ad b l u e p r i n t; o f un i v e r s al we l f a r e. I t e n a b les u s

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to d e s i g n po licies, s t r ate g i e s a n d p la n s in ou r f iel d s ; e m po we r s u s to i m p le m e n t t h e m . T h e w o r ld lea d e r s in d i ff e r e n t f iel d s ca n r eal l y b e b e n e f ited (in e v e r y wa y ; no t m e r e l y m on et a r i l y ) a n d in t u r n b e n e f it ho li s tical l y ; t h e b i l li on s t h r oug h t h e p r actice o f N AM S M A R A N , w h ich is an o m n i po te n t p a n acea to r ealize t r u t h , to h elp t h e o t h e r s to r e alize t r u th a n d to h elp t h e o t h e r s to m a n i f e st it in t h eir r e s p ect i v e f iel d s ; s o a s to b e n e f it t h e un i v e r se. NA M A S M A R A N , L E A D E R S H IP AND D EM O CR ACY I n d e m o c r a cy we a ll h a v e a c h a n ce to b e le a d e r s a n d e m a n ci p ate ou r s el v e s a n d o t h e r s. M o r e i m po r ta n t l y ; w e h a v e an e n v i r o n m e n t w h e r e t h e pub lic op i n i o n can w o r k a s ou r c o n s cie n ce k ee p e r a n d r ect i f y ou r s ata n ic f a n ci e s (c o m i n g in t h e w a y o f ou r o wn a n d o t h e r s ’ we l f a r e ). T h is i s b eca u se o f fr ee d o m o f e xp r e ssi on . B u t in d e m o c r a c y ; t h e r e i s e qu al s c o p e f o r t h e sata n ic e le m e n t s (i n s i d e a n d ou t s i d e), w h i c h a r e a g ai n s t t h e g l ob al we l f a r e. T h ey h a v e a fr ee h a n d to e xp r e s s t h e m sel v e s a n d h i nd er t h e e xp r e s s i o n o f g l ob al c on s cie n ce a n d t h e r e b y j e op a r d i z e t h e g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng . I n f act; we c o m e a c r o s s ; m a n y c unn i n g s ata n ic e le m e n t s , w h o p lay with m i n d s o f o t h e r s ; s h o wi n g p s e ud o c o n ce r n f o r d e m o c r a c y . T h ey t h r i v e o n t h e wea kn es s e s ; i n s i d e a n d ou t s i d e ! B u t oppo s iti o n to d e m o c r a c y a m oun ts to i nv itati o n to d i ct a t o r s h i p , w h ich s upp r e s s e s t h e c on s cie n ce o f m a n y a n d nu r t u r es t h e e v il el e m e n t s in f ew. He n ce to p r e v e n t t h e d e g e n e r ati on ; o f d e m o c r a c y i n to p at ho c r acy ( r u le

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o f p e r v e r s i on ), a n d t h e lea d e r s i n to p s y c hop at h s ; w e h a v e to r ect i f y a n d r e j uv e n ate it! T h is r e q u i r es ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e , p la nn i ng , m o ti v ati o n a n d act u al p r actic e ; o f ho li s tic h ealt h , ho li s tic m e d ici n e, ho li s tic e du cati on . I n o t h er w o r d s ; t h i s r e qu i r e s p r a c tice o f N A MA S M A R AN w h ich r e v i v es a n d r e v italiz e s t h e S W A DH A R MA; a t i nd i v i du al, i n s tit u ti on al a n d gov e r n m e n t le v e l s. F u r t h e r ; it lea d s to c u l m i n ati o n o f all t h e i d e o l og ie s ; i n to s e l f r ea l izati o n i.e. YOGA; a n d un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i n g i.e. S A M S T HI YOG A . NA M A S M A R AN AND I M P E R I A L I S M T h e r ac i al, i d e o l og ical, c u lt u r a l , r eli g i ou s , ec on o m ic a n d po litical a gg r es s i on s, i nv a s i on s , e xp a n s i on s; a r e d ece p ti v e, ill u s i v e, d i s gu i s e d , c on ceale d , c ov e r t; o r b lata n tly b a r b a r i c a n d c o e r ci v e; o r bo t h ; a n d h a v e b een ta k i n g p lace in m a n y p a r t s o f t h e w o r l d , f o r m ille n n ia. A p a r t fr o m v i o le n t i nv a s i on s , c o e r ci v e r u l e s ; t h e s e h a v e b een as s o ciated with p r op a g a nd a o f ph il o s oph y , r eli g i on s , i d e o l og ies a n d d i s t o r ti o n h i s t o r ical f ac t s , m a i n s t r e a m e du cati on , m a ss m e d i a, a r t a n d lite r at u r e. T h is i s bo r n o u t o f t h e i n s ti n c t s o f r ac i al, r e li g i ou s , i d e o l og ical, c u lt u r al, ec on o m ic a n d po litical s up r e m a c y ; o n t h e on e h a nd ; a n d h el p less s u b m i s s i o n to t h e m ; o n t h e o t h e r . T h e s e ph e n o m e n a ar e n at u r al a n d und e r s ta nd a b le; bu t li k e a n y d i s e ase; t h ey h a v e to b e e r a d icated o r at lea s t c on t r o lle d ; b e ca u s e; t h ey a r e d est r u cti v e a nd / o r s u i ci d al. I f w e i n t r o s p ect a n d t r y to und e r s ta n d a n d a pp r eciate ou r o wn d ee p e s t a s p i r ati o n s , t h en w e w ou ld r ealize t h a t t h e b a s i c d e s i r e o f o w n e r s h i p , po ss e s s i v e n e s s , c o n t r o l, po wer a n d s up r e m a c y , w h en m u lti p lies ca n ce r ou s l y ; a n d j o in h a nd s with s i m ilar m o t i v e s ; it b e c o m es m a s s m a n ia! All t h e r e s ou r ces a n d all t h e t ec hno l og y g et c h a nn eled i n to t h is

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m a ss m a n ia a n d an i m p e r i al i s tic a cti v ity with m a m m o th d i m e n s i o n b e g i n s to e r od e ou r li v e s . W h en b illi on s o f u s b e g in to p r act i ce NAM A SM A R AN; t h is do w nh ill m o m e n t u m o f ou r c on s cie n ce b e g i n s to r e v e r t b ack in u p wa r d d i r ecti on ! O u r c r a v i n g o f o w n e r s h i p ; o r l i s t l ess s u b m i s s i on ; a r e c o n s u m ed i n to i nn er g r o wth a n d r ealizati o n o f i n te r n al un it y . T h e r a b id c o m p e t iti o n a n d t h e i nd i s c r i m i n ate v i o le n ce g et d is s o l v ed in un it y , c o r d i alit y . T h e c o rr up t d i s t o r ti o n o f h i s t o r ical f a c t s ; g e t s r ec t i f i e d . T h e a r t , s ci e n ce, i d e o l og ie s , ph il o s oph ie s , r eli g i on s , lit e r at u r e a n d laws g et r e v i t aliz e d , r e j uv e n ate d , r e m od ele d , ho l i s ti c ized a n d g l ob ally b l o s s o m i ng . T h is i s a h y po t h e s i s ; no t a v e r i f ied f a ct. B u t i t s v e ri f ica t i o n w ou ld b e po ss i b le t h r oug h t h e p r actice o f N A M ASM A R AN b y b i l li on s ; no t m e r e ly a f ew. NA M A S M A R AN AND M A H A TM A G AN D H I Ma h a t m a Ga ndh i t r a n s la t ed h is v i s i o n a n d p e r ce p ti on s with a l m o s t c o m p l e te f i d eli t y , i n to s o ci opo litical p r og r a m s, with a l m o s t un i v e r sal acce p ta b ility a n d f ea s i b ili t y. He t r a n slated h is i nn er vo ice i n to acti v iti e s ; w h ich p r ov ed f u l f i lli n g f o r h i m ; a n d i n s p i r i n g f o r t h e w o r l d ! T h e w o r d “ a l m o s t” is u s e d ; j u s t to c on ce d e t h at t h e r e c ou ld b e d i ff e r e n ce o f op i n i o n o n s o m e is s u e s ; s i n ce n o h u m an b ei n g as a p e r s on ; i s c o m p l e te a n d a b s o l u tely r i gh t in e v er y w a y . Ma n y g r eat p e op le h a v e h a d ; eit h er a m e r e ly p r o f oun d v i s i o n o f un i v e r s al p r og r e s s ; o r a m e r ely po etic f eeli ng s o f g l ob al we l f a r e , bu t lac k ed t h e p r actic a l a pp licati o n in p e r s on al a n d s o cial l if e. Alt e r n ati v el y ; s o m e m a d e ta ng i b le e nd ea vo r s f o r t h e e m a n ci p ati o n o f m a nk i n d , bu t lac k ed t h e acc u r ac y a n d e n li gh te n ed v i s i o n o f un i v e r s a l we l f a r e. Few

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h ad all t h e c o m b i n ati o n o f e n li gh te n ed v i s i o n a n d its p r a ctical a pp licati o n to s u ch a ph e n o m e n al e x t e n t. Ve r y f e w o f u s a r e awa r e o f t h e f act t h at Ma h a t m a G a ndh i no t on ly p r acticed N AM AS M A R AN with t o p p r i o r it y , s tea d f a s t l y a n d c on ti nu o u s l y ; bu t h as w r itten a boo k o n it a n d h eld NAMA S M A R AN in t h e h i gh e s t e s te e m . I f we h a v e to d e s c r i b e t h e r e al s p i r it o f Ma h a t m a Ga ndh i in on e w o r d ; t h en it i s ; t h e p r actice o f N A MA S M A R A N ! T he e x a c t t r a n s l a t i o n; o f un i v e r s al v i s i on , p e r s p ecti v e , f ee l i ng s , l a w s , po licie s , p r og r a m s a n d p la n s ; in all t h e f iel d s o f l i f e; a n d at p e r s on al, f a m i l y , s o cial a n d g l ob al le v el s ; i s t h e k ey t o h o l i s t ic r en a is s a nce. T h i s is no t at all e as y . Bu t t h e r e i s n o s ho r t c u t. T h e r e i s n o a l te r n ati v e. H o we v e r , t h e p r o c ess o f s uch a t r a n s l a t i on , w h ich g e t s e m po we r ed b y NAM A SM A R AN; is al r e a d y a p r og r e s s i n g r eali t y ; t hou g h no t a p r o m i n e n t o r p r e do m i n a n t s o cial ph e n o m e no n y e t! NA M A S M A R AN AND U N E M P L O Y M E N T At t i m e s; we f e el t h at t h e r e s hou ld b e NO e xp licit p r o m o ti o n o f NAM A SM A R AN a s ; “ r ea d er s m ay f i n d it m ono t onou s a n d r e p etiti v e”! W h at c ou ld b e t h e r e a s o n f o r s u ch a f eeli ng ? T h is i s b eca u se; w e a r e no t s e r i ou s e nou g h a bou t; ou r i nd i v i d u al a n d un i v e r s al p r ob l e m s a n d po ss i b le s o l u ti on s f o r t h e s a m e ! As a re s u lt o f ou r c a s u al a pp r o ac h ; t h e r e i s n o i n te r est, n o i n s i gh t a n d n o c onv icti o n a b o u t t h e p i vo tal r o le o f NAM A SM A R AN; in ou r i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al li f e ! W e te n d t o ; j u s t c a s u ally a g r ee, s up e r f i c ially acce p t; a n d r el u cta n tly a pp r ov e; N A MA S M A R A N! I s it no t t r u e t h at w ith ca s u al a pp r o a c h ; we ca nno t r e a ch t h e r oo t ca u s e s a n d ho li s tic s o l u ti on s ; to t h e p r ob l e m s ? I s it no t t r u e t h at with s u ch

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ca s u al a pp r o ach w e te n d to acce p t i n e f f ecti v e o r c oun te r p r odu cti v e p iec e m eal a pp r o a c h es a n d b ec o m e i n s e n s iti v e, c all ou s , c y n ical a n d e v en s a d i s t? I s it no t t r u e t h at with c a s u al a pp r o ach in acce p ti n g o r r e j ecti n g NAM A SM A R AN; we e v e n t u al l y b e c o m e phob ic a bou t t h e g l ob al c h alle ng e; a n d gu ilty a bou t ou r u s e l e s s n e s s ? I s it no t t r u e t h at; a s a r e s u lt o f c a s u al a pp r o ac h ; we p r og r e s s i v e l y b ec o m e w e ak a n d f all p r e y to d i r ty po litics a n d f a l se c la i m s o f c h a r la t a n s? I t i s on ly a f t e r s i n c e r e a n d t ho r oug h sc r u ti n y , t r ial a n d e r r o r s ; t h at on e c o m e s to r ealize a n d g r a b ; t h e oppo r t un ity to s t udy , p r a ctice a n d p r o m o te N A MA S M A R A N , w h ich i s a un i v e r sal s o l u ti o n to i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al s t r e s s ; c a u s ed b y a v a r i ety o f s t r e s s o r s ; i . e. i n d i v i du al a n d s o cial p r ob l e m s. I t i s on ly a f t e r t ho r oug h s c r u ti n y , t r ial a n d e rr o r s ; a n d n o t m erely a c a s u a l a ppr oa c h ; t h at we r ealize t h a t ; N A MA S M A R A N i s a p a n a c ea! NAM A SM A R AN i nvo l v es i nd i v i du a l a n d un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i ng ! NAM A SM A R AN e m bod ies c onqu e s t o f i nn er a n d ou ter e v il s ! NAM A SM A R AN is t h e c o r e o f T o tal St r e ss Ma n a g e m e n t! NAM A SM A R AN is t h e e s se n ce o f s u p e r l i v i ng ! NA MA SM A R A N i s t h e k ey to ho li s t i c r e n a is s a n ce! N A MA S M A R AN ough t to h a v e t o p p r i o r ity in ou r l i f e! T h e c a s e in po i n t i s t h at o f un e m p l oy m e n t. I f w e ov e r c o m e ou r c a s u al a pp r o ac h , t h r oug h t h e p r actice o f NAM A SM A R AN, t h en we und e r s ta n d a n d a rr i v e at a c o n s e n s u s a bou t t h e way to s o l v e t h e p r ob l e m o f un e m p l oy m e n t. W h ich i s t h i s w a y ?

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I t i s ; t h e ho l i s tic e d u cati o n (w h ich i n cl ud es i nn er g r o wth a n d b l o ss o m i ng ; a n d p r odu cti v e d o m ain a n d e m bod i e s s e l f a n d s o cial e m po we r m e n t). W e a rr i v e at an a g r e e m e n t t h at t h is c a n e r a d icate un e m p l oy m e n t a n d m a l -e m p l o y m e n t ( unp r o d u cti v e; c o u n te r p r odu cti v e a n d s o cial l y h ar m f u l e m p l o y m e n t) o n t h e on e h a nd ; a n d e v ils s u ch a s all t h e wa s t a g e, c o rr up ti o n a n d o t h er m al p r act i c e s ; o n t h e o t h e r ! T h r oug h p r actice o f N A MA S M A R A N i t s e l f ; we g et c o nv i n ced t h at; ho w m u ch e v er m ono t o nou s , r e p etit i v e a n d p r op a g a nd is t it m a y a pp ea r ; NAM A SM A R AN b ei n g t h e f oun tai nh ead o f i nd i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al we l f a r e; h a s to b e c on ti nu o u s ly p r o m o te d , popu la r ized a n d un i v e r s alize d ; with t o p p r i o r it y ; w h ile b ei n g i n its p r acti c e! A n y ho w; it i s ; al r ea d y ; alt houg h i n c on s p ic uou s l y ; s p r e a d i n g all ov er t h e w o r l d ! NA M A S M A R A N , E L E C T I O NS A ND D EM O C RA CY E lecti on s in Ma h ar a s h t r a a r e d ecl a r ed a n d t h e v a r i ou s t r a n s acti on s o f electi o n o f p e op les’ r e p r ese n tati v es h a v e b e gun . As a re s u lt o f d e i f i cati o n o f d e m o c r a c y , m o s t o f u s , t h e v o te r s a n d t h e ca nd i d ate s , h a v e a pp a r e n tly d e v el op ed an ill u s o r y f eeli n g t h at electi on s a n d d e m o c r a c y a r e p a n acea f o r t h e c u r e o f all e v i l s . I f w e d o no t f eel t h at fr o m wit h i n , t h en a t le a s t w e te n d to p r ete n d to f eel s o . E lecti on s a n d d e m o c r ac y ; a r e act u al l y t h e m ea n s ( a m o n g s t m a n y o t h e r s. T h e o t h er m ea n s ; s u ch as s t udy , a n a l y s i s , e xp e r i m e n t a ti on , r e s e a r c h , i ndu s t ry , a g r ic u lt u r e, c ra f t, bu s i n e s s , a r t, lit e r at u r e , s po r t s, r it u a l s , f esti v als, c onv e n ti on s, p r a y e r s, a n d i nd i v i d u al a n d s o c i al p r o te s t s a r e al s o e vo l v ed du r i n g t h e d e v el o p m e n t o f h u m an ci v ilizat i on .

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E lecti on s li k e o t h er m e a n s ; a r e m ea n t f o r u s h e r i n g i n ; t h e a m b ie n ce t h at w ou ld b e c ondu ci v e to i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng . T hey a re n o t t he e n d in t h e m s e l v e s . I n as m u ch as it i s t r u e t h at el e cti on s a n d d e m o c r a c y a r e i m po r ta n t m e a n s , it i s m o r e a cc u r ate to s a y t h at as s u m i n g e l ecti on s a n d t h e d e m o c r a c y a s t h e e n d in t h e m s el v e s a n d n e g lecti n g t h e o t h er m e a n s o f g l ob al b l o ss o m i n g s u ch a s t ho se m e n t i on ed a bov e, w ou l d b e n ai v e a n d c oun te r p r odu cti v e. F r o m i m m e d iate p r actical po i n t o f v i ew, i s n ’ t it t r u e a n d i m p o r ta n t t h at we g et e m p o w ered to vo te se l f l e s s l y a n d b r a v ely a n d elect b e n e vo le n t ca nd i d ate s ? C onv e r s e ly i s n ’ t it t r u e t h at t ho s e w h o g et e l ec t ed e vo l v e i n to a b le a n d nob le i nd i v i du als ( i f t h ey a r e no t at p re s e n t)? T h e v i s i on a r i e s h a v e r eite r ated t i m e a n d a g ain t h at; N A MA S M A R AN i.e. r e m e m b r a n ce o f ; a n d c onn ecti o n wit h ; t h e t r u e s e l f ; is t h e s ou r c e o f un i v e r s ally b e n e vo le n t a n d e m po we r i n g i n n er li gh t. T h ey h a v e i n s i s ted a n d a ff i r m ed t h at i t is t h e b a s i s , e s s e n ce a n d c u l m i n ati o n o f all t h e m e a n s ; c ondu ci v e to i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ! S hou l dn ’ t NAM A SM A R AN b e ou r t o p m o s t p r i o r ity b e f o r e, du r i n g a n d a f ter electi on s ; a n d i rr e s p ecti v e o f t h e s ta g e o f e vo l u ti on ; o f d e m o c r a c y ? NA M A S M A R AN AND R E V O L U T I O NS B y t h e w o r d r e vo l u ti o n w h at is i m p l i ed is a t o tal a n d r a p id c h a ng e in t h e s o cie t y with r e s p e c t to all t h at i s t hough t to b e un j u s t, opp r es s i v e, e xp l o itati v e a n d a n ti s o cial. H o we v e r , t h e p e r s p ec t i v es o f r e vo l u ti on s v a ry . B u t t h ey h a v e on e k i n d o f s ho r t c o m i n g o r a no t h e r ! R e vo l u ti on s with r e s p ec t s to c u lt u r al, ec on o m i c , scie n t i f ic, tec hno l og ical, i ndu s t r ia l , a g r ic u lt u r al a n d s u ch o t h er a s p ec t s o f s o cie t y a r e a l s o e v i d e n t fr o m t i m e to t i m e a n d p lace t o p lace.

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T h e b a s i c a n d e s s e n tially h u m a n e a s p i r ati on s o f t h e r e vo l u ti on a r ie s ; c an s u cceed i f p etti n e ss o f e v e r y k i n d is ov e r c o m e. T h i s i s p o s si b le b y s i n ce r e p r act i ce o f NAM A SM A R AN. T h is i s b eca u s e; NAM A SM A R AN h el p s u s to s h a r e t h e v i s i o n o f t h e v i s i on a r ies o f t h e p a s t a n d t hu s e n a b les u s to g et r id o f t h e i n a pp r op r iate d etails o f do g m a s . NAM A SM A R AN t hu s h el p s u s to a b s o r b t h e b e s t in t h e p a s t a n d al s o f rees u s to a pp ly it to t h e p r e s e n t. M a n i f e s ta t i o n o f e n li gh te n m e n t in t h is way is t h e m o s t d e s i r a b le re vo lu t i on . I n s u ch r e vo l u ti on a r y p r o c e s s t h e i d e o l og ie s , s cie n ce a n d tec hno l og ies f un cti o n li k e e y e s; t h e i n s t r u m e n ts o f v i s i on ; w h ile t h e ca p a b ility r e s u lt i n g f r o m NA M A S M A R AN f un cti on s li k e t h e p a r ts o f t h e b r ain r e s pon s i b le f o r v i s i on . T a k i n g a no t h er a n al og y ; N AMA S M A R A N i s li k e ox y g e n ; e s s e n tial f o r s u r v i v al a n d e n a b les all t h e p a r ts o f t h e bod y t o f un cti o n a pp r op r iatel y . NAM A SM A R AN t hu s i s v ital c o r e o f a r e vo l u ti o n a n d all p a r t s o f t h e bod y a r e li k e i n s t r u m e n ts a n d f o r c e s i nvo l v ed in re vo l u t i on . J u st a s ox y g en i s e s s e n tial f o r all p a r t s o f t h e bod y ; NA MA S M A R AN i s es s e n tial a n d v ital f o r all p a r t s o f t h e s o cie t y v iz. all c as t e s , c r ee ds , r eli g i o n s , r e g i on s , r ac e s , p a r ti e s a n d e v en i d e o l o g ie s ; i r r e s p ecti v e o f t r a d iti on s , a n d m e t hod s o f w or s h i p ! J u s t a s ox y g en e n a b les t h e bod y p a r ts to f un cti o n f o r t h e b e n e f it o f t h e w ho le o r g a n is m , NAM A SM A R AN e n a b les all t h e s ec t i on s o f t h e s o cie t y to t h i nk , f e el a n d act e ff ecti v e l y f o r t h e w ell b ei n g o f on e a n d al l ! I t i s t i m e t h e r e f o r e t h at we c o m b i n e t h e po wer o f p a r t s v i tal f o r v i s i o n i.e. t h e N A MA SM A R AN a n d t h e i n st r u m e n t s o f v i s i o n v iz. e y e s i. e . s cie n ce a n d tec hno l og y a n d o t h er kno wle dge ; f o r a c o m p lete r e vo l u ti o n v iz. ho li s tic r e n a i s s a n ce; j u s t a s we h a v e to c o m b i n e t h e po wer o f ox y g en i.e. N A M ASM A R AN; t h e s ou l o f r e vo l u ti o n a n d all t h e p a r t s o f bod y i.e. d i ff e r e n t s ecti o n s o f t h e s o c i ety t h e m ov i n g f o r ce o f c o m p l ete r e vo l u ti o n o r ho li s tic r en a i s s a n ce. NA M A S M A R AN S T R E SS AND A CCI D E N T S

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St r e s s , i f no t m a n a g ed p r op e r ly, l e a d s to d e f ec t s in r e gu lati on , c on t r o l, c oo r d i n ati o n ; h a r m on y , a n d e ff icie n c y ; i n s i d e a n d ou t s i d e u s . St r e ss lea d s to hund r e d s o f p s y c ho l og ical, n e u r o l og ical, e ndo c r i n e a n d m e ta bo lic d i s t u r b a n ce s , w h ich a r e re f lected in t h e b e h a v i o r a l s o . T h e m i s m a n a g ed c o n s c i ou s a n d s ub c on s c i ou s st r e s s ; d i rec t ly a nd indir e c t ly lea d s to i rr i t a b ilit y , lack o f c on ce n t r a t i on , i m p atie n ce, i m p atie n ce, w r on g attit ud e, i nd i s ci p l i n e, i r r e s pon s i b ili t y , ca r el e s s n ess a n d e v en d e f e cti v e s k il l s . T h ese c on s ti t u te d i s t u r b ed b e h a v i or . T h e d i s t u r b ed b e h a v i o r is a d i r ect m a j o r ca u se o f a cci d e n t p r on e n e s s. T hu s ; o f te n ; t h e v e h ic u lar r o ad acci d e n t s ; a r e d i r e ctly du e to d e f ecti v e d r i v i n g b e h a v i o r . B u t a p a r t fr o m t h i s; w h en ou r s t r e ss i s m i s m a n a g e d ; a n d w h en we a r e in po s iti on s o f po w er ; it lea d s to c on ce i v i n g a n d f r a m i n g i n a pp r op r iate a n d d e f e cti v e po lici e s , r u les a n d r e gu lati on s r e lated to t h e p r odu cti o n , m a r k eti ng , p r o m o t i on , h y p e o f on ly se d a n s a n d v e h icl e s o f p r i v ate u s e, c on s t r u cti o n o f f l yov e r s , with n e g li g e n ce t o wa r d s ; v e h i c les o f m a ss t r a n s po r t s u ch a s b u s e s , d e v el o p m e n t o f r o ad n etw o r k . Si n ce; m o s t o f u s ; t h e s u ff e r er s ; w h o a r e s t re s se d ; a r e v ict i m s o f t h e p r op a g a nd a o f t h e d i s e a s ed m od el o f p r og r es s , we c a n ’ t e v en i d e n ti f y a n d und e r s ta n d t h e d e f ec t s in t h e po licie s ; w h ich a r e r es pon s i b le f o r t h e i n c r e a s e in t h e n u m b er a n d s e v e r ity acci d e n t s . W e a r e r e nd e r ed i n ca p acitate d , i n a c ti v e, i nd i ff e r e n t, a p at h etic, c y n ical a n d fr u s t r ated. W e a r e un a b le to p a r t i ci p ate in i d e n t i f y i n g a n d r ect i fy i n g t h e ca u s e s r e s pon s i b le f o r ac c i d e n ts a n d t h eir c o m p l i cati on s. F o ll o wi n g e x a m p l e can f u r t h e r cl a r i f y t h i s . T hu s t h e po li c y o f e x ces s i v e p r odu ct i o n a n d m a r k eti n g (a n d p as s i v ely bu y i n g a n d u s i ng ) o f ca r s a n d two w h eele r s ( f o r t h e a ff l u e n t f e w ) ; a n d s upp r es s i o n t h e p r odu cti o n o f bu s e s , t r a m s, t r ai n s a n d o t h er m od e s o f

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pub lic t r a n s po r t, w h ich a r e u r g e n tly r e qu i r ed f o r b illi on s; lea d s to s u ff e r i n g o f b illi on s in m a n y w a y s , on e o f w h ich i s i n c r ea s e in r o ad acci d e n t s . T h e b r i e f e xp la n ati o n o f ho w t h i s s i ng le po licy c an i n c r e a s e no t on ly acci d e n t s , bu t ca u se m a n y r elated a n d c on s e qu e n t p r ob le m s; i s a s f o ll o w s . 1 . E x c e s s i v e i n c r e a s e in n u m b er o f p r i v ate v e h icl e s ( w h ich ca r r y a s m all n u m b er o f p e r s on s) o n r o a d s ; lea d s to c ong e s ti o n a n d t r e m e ndou s a n d unn ece s sa r y l o ad o n t r a f f i c po lice. 2 . C o m m e n s u r a t e i n c r e a s e in f u el c on s u m p ti o n ca u s i n g c h e m ical po ll u ti o n a n d al s o in i m p o r t e xp e n s e s; lea d i n g to i n c r e a se o f f u el p r ic e s a n d s ub s e qu e n t i n c r e a s e in r ate o f i n f l ati on . As a r e s u lt m o s t o f u s s u ff e r , bu t e s p ecial l y t h e f a r m e r c o m m un i t y , w h ich is t h e h ea r t o f a n y s o cie t y . 3 . W e ar a n d t e ar o f r o a d s i n c r e as e s . C on s e qu e n tly t h e r e is f u r t h e r i n c r e a s e in a cci d e n ts du e b ad c ond iti o n o f r o a ds . B e s i d e s t h e m a i n te n a n ce e xp e n s e s a n d d i s t u r b a n ce a n d d elay to s m oo th t r a ff ic a l s o i n c r e a s e. 4 . E x c e s s i v e i n c r e a s e in no i s e po ll u t i o n r e s u l t s du e t o ; b l o wi n g o f ho r n s ; a n d a dd s to c h a o s c ondu ci v e to m o r e acci d e n ts. A l s o , t h is i s t r oub le s o m e; to ho s p ita l s , sc hoo l s , a n d o t h er p laces; w h e r e s ile n ce i s es s e n tial. 5 . Tr a ff ic j a m s a dd i n g to f u r t h e r i n c r e a s e in f u el c o n s u m p ti o n a n d wa s t a g e o f t i m e , d i s a s t r o u s ly a ff ecti n g t h e p e r f o r m a n ce a nd / o r p r odu cti v ity o f t h e p e op le o f d i f f e r e n t o cc up ati on s . 6 . I n c r e a s e in t h e nu m b e r o f v e h ic u lar acci d e n ts i s l a r g e l y c on t r i bu ted b y s i m p l y t h e hug e a n d i n c r e a s i n g n u m b er o f v e h icl e s o n r o ad a p a r t fr o m o t h er f act o r s .

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7 . I n c r e a s e in v e h ic u lar e xh a u s t ca u s i n g g l ob al wa r m i n g . 8 . D u e to i n a d e qu ate m a ss t r a n s po r t f aciliti e s ; t h e r e i s e x cess o f l o ad o n t h e m e s p ecial l y l o cal t r ai n s w h e r e e v er a v aila b le; a n d c on s e qu e n t acci d e n t s , qu a rr e l s a n d m i s h a p s in t h e s e . 9 . O v e r all i n c r e a s e in ta r d i n ess in t h e t r a f f i c a n d i n c r e ase in a nx iety a n d te n s i o n f u r t h er i n c r ea s e t h e qu a r r els, t r a f f i c c r i m e s a n d t h e n u m b e r a n d s e v e r i t y o f acci d e n t s . T h i s a dd s to d i f f i c u lty in r e s c u e o p e r ati on s a n d p r ov i d i n g m e d ical aid du e to d i f f ic u l t y in m ov e m e n t o f r e s c u e a g e n cies s u ch a s a m bu la n c e s a n d f i r e f i gh te r s . 10 . T h e ec o - fr ie nd ly b i c y cl e s p r odu c t i o n a n d s ale s u ff e r s du e to “ i m po s i n g a n d t h r e ate n i ng ” p r e s e n ce o f ca r s , m o t o r c y c l e s , r ic k s h a w s , s c oo te r s e tc. 11 . E x ces s i v e p r odu cti o n o f v e hi cl e s ; is a s s o cia t ed wit h ; unp r o d u cti v e a n d wa s t e f u l w o r k ; s u ch a s i n s u r a n c e , r e g i s t r ati o n a n d t ra f f ic po lici ng ! 12 . I n c r e a s e ( du e t o d i ff ic u lty in e n f o r ci n g law a n d o r d e r ) r i o ts, t h e f t s etc du e to s l o wi n g o f po lice m ov e m e n t 13 . T h e r e i s e x c e ssi v e p r odu ct io n o f un - d e g r a d a b le s o lid wa s t e. 14 . T h e e x c e s s i v e p r odu cti o n o f v e h icles lea d s to r e qu i r e m e n t o f a n d c on s t r u cti o n a n d m ai n te n a n ce o f e x c e s s i v ely la r g e c e m e n t o r a s ph alt r o a d s at t h e c o s t o f i rr e p la c ea b le t r e e s (e x t r e m e l y i m po r t a n t f o r a vo i d i n g g l ob al wa r m i ng , p o ll u ti on , r ain a n d o r g a n ic m a nu r e ) a n d op en ea r th s u r f ace (e x t r e m e l y i m po r ta n t a n d v it a l f o r a b s o r b i n g a n d ho l d i n g r ain wate r ) a n d unn eces s a r y d i s r up ti o n o f t h e n at u r al h a b itat o f t h e a n i m a l s . T hu s , on e w r on g po licy a n d i t s i m p l e m e n tati o n can ca u se a n d i n c r e a s e s e v e r al p r ob l e m s i n s o cie t y ; a p a r t fr o m r o ad acci d e n ts. Si n ce t h is i s on e o f t h e f all ou t s o f m i s m a n a g ed st r e s s . He n ce it c an b e cl e a r , ho w ho l i s tic

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o r t o tal m a n a g e m e n t o f s t r e ss i s esse n tial f o r i nd i v i du al a n d c o m m un ity we l f a r e. T h e k e y t o t h i s ; i s e m po we r m e n t a n d e n li gh te n m e n t. T h is i s po ss i b le t h r oug h NAMA S M A R A N i . e. J A P , J A A P, SU M I R A N, S I M A R AN, J I K R A o r re m e m b e r i n g on e ’ s t r u e s e l f . F r o m a bov e d i s c u s s i on ; t h e e xp e r t s in t h e f ield c an a r r i v e at t h e p r actical a n d ho li s tic s o l u ti on s a n d i m p l e m e n t t h e m ; t hu s e x e m p l i fy i n g t h eir ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e; s o li d l y s uppo r ted a n d s t r e ng t h e n ed b y pub lic op i n i o n , c on s e n s u s a n d m ov e m e n t s . NA M A S M A R AN AND E DU CA T I O N H o lis t ic educ a t i o n , E duc a t i o n , Su p ers t i t i o n NA M A S M A R AN AND HOL I S T I C E DUC A T I O N T h e t r a d iti o n o f N AMA S M A R A N i s li k e ox y g e n ati o n f o r t h e s u r v i v al, h ealth a n d g r o wth o f m a ss c on s cie n c e. I t e nh a n ces t h e c lea n s i n g o f h ea r t, p r o m o t es t h e e vo l u ti o n f r o m s ub j ecti v ity to ob j e cti v ity a n d catal y z e s t h e b l o ss o m i n g o f t h e m a ss c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d c on s cie n ce. I n a b s e n ce o f NA MA S M A R AN we g et r a p i d ly d i s o r i e n tati o n f r o m ou r t r u e s e l f , w h ich i s t h e s ou r ce o f e m po we r m e n t a n d e n li gh te n m e n t a n d t hu s b ec o m e ca r i c a t u r es o f ou r s el v e s . W e b ec o m e i n c r e a s i ng ly i n ca p a b le o f h a nd li n g a n d m a n a g i n g s t r e ss in o u r l i f e. M i s m a n a g e m e n t o f s t r e s s ; at i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial le v e l s; d i s t o r t s ou r c ogn iti on , a ff ect a n d c on ati o n ( p e r ce p ti on , f e eli ng s a n d acti on s ); a n d lea d s t o ; a m ong s t m a n y o t h er e v i l s ; d ete r i o r ati o n o f i n t e r n ati on al, n ati on al a n d l o cal e du cati o n po licy a n d i t s i m p le m e n t at i on . T h is m a k e s it non - ho li s tic, s ec t a r ia n , p r e j ud ice d , v i nd icti v e, m alici o u s , m e r ce n a r y , e xp l o itati v e a n d m ale vo le n t. T h is m a k es t h e e du cati o n ( f o r m a l ,

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c u rr ic u la r , co c u r r i c u la r , e x t r ac u rr i c u lar a n d i n f o r m al) a m a j o r s t r e s s o r a s it nu r t u r es p etty pu r s u i t s ; a n d c r eat e s c on f lic t s o f i n te r e sts a n d p e r p et u ates d i v i s i o n a n d d i s c o r d in t h e i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial l i f e . L et u s r e v iew; t h e p r e s e n t p er s p ecti v e, po licy a n d p r act i ce o f e du cati on ; as s e en a r ound ; in I nd ia. E v en t houg h e du c a ti o n is d e f i n ed in v a r i ou s wa y s ; a n d o f t en i n a d e qu ately o r i n c o m p le t el y ; t h e r e h as b een a g e n e r al a g r e e m e n t o n t h e f act t h at e du cati o n is b a s ica l ly a p r o c e ss o f b l o s s o m i n g o f an i nd i v i du al a n d t h e s o cie t y . H e n ce t h is d e f i n iti o n i n cl ud ed t h r ee do m a i n s , w h ich a r e as f o ll o w s . AFF E C T I V E DO MA I N: T h is m ea n s t h e s t a te o f m i nd . I n s i m p le w o r d s a ff ecti v e d o m ain r elat e s to ho w we f e el. T hu s w h en ou r m i n d is f u ll o f a l e r t n e s s , atte n ti on , e n t hu s ia s m , buo y a n c y , a ff e cti on , c on ce r n , j o y , t o l e r a n c e , s e l f e s te e m , m u t u al r e s p ec t , m u t u al t r u s t , c o m m i t m e n t, d e d icati on , l ov e, r o m a n c e , c on f i d e n ce, v ict o r i ou s s p i r it, we w ou l d call it; a h ealt h y a f f ecti v e d o m ai n . I n a dd iti on ; t h e zeal a n d c o n ce n t r ati on ; n ee d e d ; in t h e pu r s u it o f e x celle n ce in i n tel l ect u al f iel d , te n aci t y a n d e ndu r a n ce re qu i r e d ; in s k il l f u l a cti v iti e s , a n d p atie n ce a n d c o m m i t m e n t e s se n ti a l; f o r i n t e r n ally s at i s fy i n g a n d s o c i ally b e n e f i cial (c o n s cie n ti ou s ) acti o n s; c o n s tit u te a f f ecti v e d o m ai n . T h e pu r po s e o f e du cati o n is to nu r t u r e t h is d o m ain b y d e s i gn i n g s u ita b le c u rr ic u la a n d s y ll a b i (s y lla b u s e s ) . PS Y C H O MO TO R DO M A I N : T h is i m p li e s a b ility to a pp r ec i ate s k i l ls a n d a b ili t y to p er f o r m phy s ical a n d m e n tal s k il l s , with s p ee d , acc u r a c y , ele g a n ce, e a s e o f p er f o r m a n ce etc. T h is m a y i nvo l v e a pp r eciati o n a n d p e r f o r m a n ce; o f s k il l s s u ch a s s u r g e r y , p la y i n g a m u s i cal i n s t r u m e n t, p la y i n g b a s k et b a ll o r do i n g

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ca r p e n t r y ! T h e pu r po s e o f e du cati o n i s to nu r t u r e t h is do m a in t h r oug h no t on ly d e s i gn i n g s u ita b le c u rr ic u l a , s y lla b i bu t a l s o b y p r ov i d i n g s u f f i cie n t p r act i cal a n d d e m o n s t r ati o n cl a s s e s ; with all t h e n ec e s s a r y e qu i p m e n t s . C O GN I TI V E DO MA I N: T h is i n c o r po r a t e s ; acc u r ate p er s p ect i v e, p e r ce p ti on , und e r sta nd i ng , c on ce p t u alizati on , c on ce n t r ati on , e v al u ati on , a n al y s i s , r e call, s y n t h e s i s , c o rr elati on , a n d m a k i n g a pp r op r iate d eci s i on s, po lici e s , p la n s p r og r a m s a n d t h eir i m p l e m e n tati o n i.e. a b ili t y o f a pp licati o n . I t i s cl e ar t h at all t h e s e d o m a i n s h a v e t h r ee c o m pon e n t s each v iz. C ogn iti o n (Pe r ce p t i on ), a ff ect (Feeli n g s ) a n d c on ati o n ( R e s pon s e ) . T h u s c og ni t i v e d o m a in w ou ld h a v e in t elle c t u a l pe r ce p t i o n, cl a ri t y a nd in t ell e c t u a l e x pr e s s i o n, a ff ec t i v e d o m a in w ou ld i n cl ud e f eelin g , m o t i va t i o n a nd r e s p o n s e i n e m o t i o n a l s ph e re s u c h a s p o e t r y ; a nd p s y ch o m o t o r d o m a in w ou ld i n cl u d e g r a s p a nd in t e r n a li z a t i o n o f a p a r t icul a r s k il l , c o n f idence t o per f o rm i t a nd a c t u a l l y per f o r m ing i t . L et u s no w s ee, ho w e du cati o n d ete r i o r ated to t h e p r e s e n t s ta g e; w h e r e all t h e t h r ee d o m a i n s a r e d e f e cti v e; a p a r t f r o m l a c k i n g in t h e s p i r it u al a n d p r odu cti v e d o m a i n s . I n s ho r t; let u s s ee ho w it h a s b ec o m e a m a j o r s t re ss o r . F o r t h i s ; a b r i e f c o n s i d e r ati o n o f t h e t r a d iti on al e du cati o n s y st e m in I nd ia w ou ld p r ov e u s e f u l. Tr a d iti on al E du ca t i o n S y s te m in I nd i a in g e n e r al; e n s u r ed t h at: a) C a r ee r s we r e n o t s elected o n t h e b a s i s o f m on et a r y o r o t h er m a t e r ial i s tic g ai n s ,

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b ) C a r e er s w e r e n o t s elected a r b it r a r i l y o n t h e b a s i s o f i d i o s y n c r a s i e s a n d w h i m s, c) L u c r ati v e c a r e er s c o uld n o t b e s o u gh t a f t e r ; in p re f er e n ce to t h e o t h e r s , d ) All c a r e er s e n s u r ed i n c o m e a n d p r odu cti o n f r o m ea r l y a g e, e) All ca r ee r s e n s u r ed t h at t h e s o cie t y w a s b e n e f ite d , f ) A l l c a r ee r s e n s u r ed sec u r i t y to all t h e s o cial g r oup s , g ) All t h e ca r e e r s e n s u r ed i n t i m a cy a n d cl o s e n e ss b etw ee n y oun g a n d o ld in t h e f a m il ie s . h ) All c a r e er s e n s u r ed et h ical e du cat i o n a n d p a ss a g e o f e xp e r ie n ce a n d wi s d o m ; f r o m g e n e r ati o n to g e n e r at i on . T h e s e w e r e m e r i ts. B u t it i s a l s o t r u e t h at, t h e t r a d iti on al s y st e m w a s a pp a r e n tly m a r k ed b y ; d e p r i v ati o n o f s c h o la s tic e du cati o n o n m a ss s ca l e, a v ai l a b ility o f e du cati o n a n d j ob s b a s ed o n c a s te b a si s , r ela t i v ely d e f ic i e n t i n fr a s t r u ct u r e f o r c o llecti v e s c ie n t i f ic a n d tec hno l og ical e f f o r t s , a n d an el e m e n t o f a r b i t r a r y i m p o s iti o n o f h i e r a r c h y . As a re s u lt o f s e v e r al s t r e ss f u l f a ct o r s; i n cl ud i n g t h e on s la ugh t o f t h e t e m p ti n g a n d i m p r es s i v e i nd i v i du alistic do ct r i n e s ; t h e t r a d iti on al e du cati o n s y s t e m h as b een r e p laced b y t h e p r ese n t s y s t e m , w h ich i s tea r i n g a p a r t; t h e c oh e s i v e s o cial f a b r ic a n d d e s t r o y i n g t h e v al u e s ; in I nd ia. T h e r e i s a f a il u r e to p r e s e r v e a n d nu r t u r e t h e m er its a n d d i s c a r d a n d d i s po s e o ff ; t h e d e m e r i t s fr o m t h e t r a d iti on al s y s te m o f e du cati o n ! T h e e du cati o n h as s h i f ted fr o m h o m e s , h o m e i ndu s t r i e s a n d f a r m s t o ; nu r s e r i e s, K .G. s c hoo l s , s c hoo l s , c o ll e g e s , un i v e r s iti e s, w h e r e t h e c ogn iti on , a ff ect a n d c on ati on ; all s u ff e r !

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C ogn iti o n s u f f er s b eca u s e o f : a) H ug e n u m b er o f s t ud e n ts, in a s i ng le cl a ss m a k i n g i nd i v i du al atte n ti o n , d ial ogu e a n d d i s c u ss i o n s ; al m o s t i m p o s s i b le. b ) L ack o f a d e qu ate sala r y , acc oun ta b ilit y , i n ce n ti v e a n d ec on o m i c s ec u r i t y to t h e tea c h e r s ta k i n g awa y ; t h e i n itiati v e o f nu r t u r i n g c og n iti v e d o m ain c) I n c r e a s e in alie n ati o n with r e s p ect t o s t ud e n t ’ s b ac kg r oun d a n d a p tit ud e d ) L ack o f a d e qu ate i n ce n ti v e to t h e st ud e n ts in t h e f o r m o f c r eati v it y , p r odu cti o n a n d ea r n i ng , s e r v ice to t h e f a m ily a n d s e r v ice to t h e n ati on , t hu s k illi n g t h e m o ti v ati o n ( a f f e c ti v e d o m ai n ) r e qu i r ed f o r bu il d i n g u p c ogn iti v e d o m ain e) L ack o f c onv ict i o n es s e n tial in t h e g r o wth o f c ogn iti v e d o m ain in t h e teac h e r s a n d s t ud e n ts b eca u s e o f ou t d ated p r actical a n d d e m on s t r ati o n clas s e s, lack o f i n t e r d i s ci p li n a r y d ia l ogu e a n d in g e n e r al t h e i r r ele v a n ce o f e du cati o n to t h e r ealiti e s o f d a y to d ay l i f e in a s m u ch as a l m o s t p r e d icta b le c on s e c u ti v e un e m p l o y m e n t at t h e e nd ! T h e l ack o f c onv icti o n c ou l d b e p a r t l y du e to t h e lack o f p a r tici p ati o n b y teac h e r s in d eci s i on - m a k i ng , p o licy m a k i ng , d e v el o p m e n t o f c u rr i c u la, s y lla b i et c . f ) E m ph a s i s o n r e c all a n d h e n ce r o te l ea r n i n g t h e r e b y d e n y i n g fr ee i nqu i ry , r e a d i ng , qu e s ti on i n g etc. t h e r e b y d i r ect l y t h wa r t i n g t h e c ogn iti v e d o m ain g ) T o o m a n y e x a m i n ati on s ; with i r r e l e v a n t p a r a m e t e r s o r c r i t e r ia o f e v al u ati o n ( b e s i d e s b ei n g u n f air in m a n y i n sta n c e s ) l ea d i n g to m i s gu i d ed a n d in m o s t c a s e s c oun te r p r odu cti v e e f f o r t s t h u s a dv e r sely a ff e cti n g t h e c ogn iti v e d o m ain

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h ) C o m p etiti on s w h e r e t h e m a n i pu lati v e s k il l s , call ou s n es s , s e l f i s hn e s s a r e g i v en m o r e r es p ect, d e s t r o y t h e e n t hu s ia s m o f g r o w i n g in c ogn iti v e d o m ain f o r i n te r n a l s a tis f acti o n i) I n f o r m ati o n e xp l o s i o n a f f e cti n g c ogn iti v e d o m ain b y e it h er ca u s i n g e no r m o u s a n d unn ecessa r y bu r d en o n m e m o r y o r i n f e r i o r ity c o m p lex j ) P r es s u r e o f i n t er vi ews ca u s i n g c o n s ta n t te n s i o n a n d se n s e o f i n a d e qu ac y , r i gh t fr o m t h e t e nd er a g e , k ) P r o t r a c ted hou r s o f h o m ew o r k in sc hoo ls d e n y i n g t h e s t ud e n ts t h eir le g it i m ate r i gh t to e n j o y t h eir c h il dhoo d a n d m a k e t h e m ph y s ical l y , m e n tal l y a n d i n tel l ect u ally u n f it to g r o w in e v e r y d o m a i n l) I rr ele v a n t a n d unn eces s a r y i n f o r m ati o n l o a d i n g in lect u r es in t h e f o r m o f m ono l ogu e, lea d i n g to s upp r es s i o n o f t h e s pon ta n eit y , o r i g i n ali t y , i n te r e s t a n d e n t hu sia s m s o m u ch r e q u i r ed in c ogn iti v e d e v el o p m e n t a m ong s t t h e s t ud e n t s , A f f e c ti v e d o m ain s u ff e r ed du e t o , A) I s o lati o n o f t h e c h il d r en f r o m t h eir p a r e n ts a n d t h eir do m es t ic e nv i r o n m e n t a t an ea r ly a g e (Ma k i n g t h e p a r e n ts a l s o e q u ally s a d ) B ) L ack o f w a r m b ond s du e to hug e n u m b e r , C ) C u t t h r o at ind i v idu a li s t ic a nd p e tt y c o m p etiti on , D) I n a d e qu ate f ac i lities o f s po r t s , t r e kk i ng , e du cati on al t ou r s , r e c r eati o n a n d ph y s ical d e v el o p m e n t e tc E ) A lie n ati o n f r o m on e ’ s s o ci a l e nv i r o n m e n t a n d c u lt u r e Ps y c h o m o t o r d o m ain s u ff e r ed du e to A) A l m o s t t o tal la ck o f oppo r t un ities to act u ally p a r tic i p ate in s k il l f u l acti v ities s u ch a s d r awi ng , p ai n ti ng , sewi ng , sc u l p t u r i ng , ca r p e n t r y ,

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kn itti ng , wea v i ng , m u s i c, a g r i c u lt u r e, ho r tic u lt u r e, o t h er h a nd ic r a f t s , v a r i ou s s po r ts, p e r f o r m i n g a r ts et c . I t i s i m po r ta n t to r ealize t h at p r o m o t i o n o f p s y c h o m o t o r d o m ain i s e v i d e n t bu t in its c a r icat u r e f o r m . I t h as n o c on c r e t e ec o n o m ic r eal i s t i c b a s i s . T h e acti v iti e s h a v e n o ec on o m i c i n ce n ti v e a n d n o p r odu cti v e el e m e n t. A p a r t fr o m t h e d e f ects in t h e t h r ee do m a i n s ; t h e o t h er t wo d o m ai n s v i z . s p i r it u al a n d p r od u cti v e; h a v e no t b een i n cl ud ed in t h e e du cati on . T h e s piri t u a l d o m ain t h at i m p a r ts un i v e r s al p e r s p ecti v e a n d g l ob ally b e n e f ic i al ou tl ook ; i n c o r po r ates i nn er b l o s s o m i n g o f an i nd i v i d u al t h r oug h i n t r o s p ecti on , h ea r t to h ea r t c o m m un icati o n ( no t m e r e l y d i s c u s s i o n a n d a r gu m e n ts), m u t u al u nd e r s ta nd i n g a n d b l o s s o m i n g o f t h e teac h e r s a n d s t ud e n ts t og et h e r ; t h r o u g h on e o f t h e m o st un i v e r s al p r actic e s ; v iz. N A MA S M A R A N . T hu s t h e s p i r it u al d o m a in i s a k ey to c onqu er l u s t, w h i m s, f a n ci e s , p r i d e, a rr og a n ce, c all ou s n es s , c on t e m p t, ung r ate f u l n e s s , p re j ud ic e s , jeal ou s y , h at r e d , m ea nn e s s , s k e p ticis m , c y n ic i s m , d e p r e s s i on , fr u s t r ati o n a n d s o o n . I t i s n e v er m a d e a d e qu ately a v aila b le to t h e te a c h e r s, s t ud e n ts a n d t h e o t h e r s ; a s s oc i a ted with e du cati on . T h e p r e s e n t e du ca t i o n s y s t e m in I nd ia lac k s t h e o t h er i m po r ta n t d o m ai n ; v iz. p r odu cti v e d o m a in t h at e m po w e r s t h e p e op le c on ce r n ed with e du cati on . T h is p r e v e n ts a hug e s ect i o n o f s o cie t y s u ch as t eac h e r s, s t ud e n t s , cl e r k s , s e r v a n t s , s wee p e r s a n d m a n y o t h e r s ; s u ch as e du cati o n i n s p ect o r s , fr o m b ei n g cre a t i v e a nd pr o duc t i ve . I n a dd iti on ; it ca u s e s c o l o s sal l o s s o f s p ace, e l ect r i cit y , c o n s t r u cti o n c o s t a n d s o on . I n a dd iti o n b eca u s e o f t h e t y p ical e m ph a s i s o n r o te lea r n i n g a n d p a p er w o r k ; it lea d s to p h e n o m e n al w a s te o f “ e du cati on al m a t e r ial” s u ch a s p a p e r , b a g s, p e n ci l s , b all p e n s etc. I t h a s to b e a pp r ec i ated t h at b illi on s o f r up e e s a r e s p e n t o n unp ro du cti v e c o m pon e n ts o f e d u cati on ; s u ch a s c on s t r u cti on , d ec o r at i o n ,

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elect r i f icati o n a n d m a i n te n a n ce o f bu i l d i ng s a n d e du cati on al m ate r i a l . T h e teac h i n g a n d non teac h i n g s t a f f m e m b e r s a r e e ng a g ed in unp r o d u cti v e w o r k . T h i s w ay we we a k en t h e n ati on al ec on o m y a n d j e op a r d ize t h e d e v el o p m e n tal acti v it i e s . I t a l s o ca u s e s e c on o m i c l o s s to e v e r yon e i nvo l v ed in e d u cati on ; w h ile s upp r es s i n g t h eir o wn g r o wth a n d d e v el o p m e n t. T h is i s a s i ng le m o s t i m po r ta n t ca u s e o f 1 ) S u f f e r i n g du e to re du cti o n in t h e d i gn ity o f la bo r a m o ng s t t ho s e w h o c on ti nu e to lea r n , a s well a s r e du cti o n in t h e i n c o m e o f t h e c on ce r n ed f a m il ie s a n d t h e n a ti o n 2 ) S u f f e r i n g du e to lack o f e du cati on , lack o f e m p l oy m e n t a n d s ta r v ati o n o r c r i m i n alizati o n a m ong s t t ho se w h o a r e f o r ced to d r o p ou t b eca u s e t h e o f ten t h e c h il d r en c on t r i bu te to t h e ear n i n g o f t h e f a m i l y 3 ) S u f f e r i n g o f d r o pou t s , du e to c h e a p c h ild la bo r I n s ho r t, p r e s e n t d a y e du cati o n s y s t e m h a r n es s e s a r r og a n ce o f qu ali f ica t i on s a n d d i ff i d e n ce o f poo r p e r f o r m a n ce; a m o ng s t t ho s e w h o c on ti nu e to lea r n . T h eir s p i r it u al, c ogn iti v e, p s y c h o m o t o r , a ff ec t i v e a n d p r odu cti v e d o m ai n s a r e d e f ecti v e. T h eir s p i r it u al b l o ss o m i ng , s e l f e m po we r m e n t, c r e ati v e w i s d o m , i n te l lect u al c o m p ete n c e, p r odu cti v e s k il l s , s e l f s u ff ici e n cy a n d e v en phy sical h ealth a r e d e f i cie n t. T hu s we h a v e i n c r e a s i n g nu m b er o f unp r odu c t i v e c r i m i n als a n d m e n tal w r ec k s o r h i gh ly c o m p etiti v e e f f i cie n t m a n ia c s ; pu r s u i n g i nd i v i du a li s tic p etty go als at t h e c o s t o f o t h e r s ! F o r t ho s e w h o a r e un a b le to c on ti nu e t h e e du cati on ; t h e a b y ss o f b ei n g a c h ild la bo r is wi d e op e n ! Ot h er op ti on s a r e o f s teali ng , b e gg i n g o r b ec o m i n g a d eli nqu e n t c r i m i n a l s o r a p e r v e r t. T h e p iec e m eal a pp r o ach o f p r e s e n t s y s t e m o f f aci l itati o n o f p etty pu r s u its with a d el u s i o n t h at it w ou ld e nh a n ce d e v el op m e n t a n d p r og r es s ; i s no t on l y u s el e ss bu t a r e in f act c oun te r p r od u cti v e! I t lea d s to ca n ce r ou s s p r ead o f i ndu s t r i e s with u n c on t r o lled p r odu c ti o n o f unn ece s sa r y u tilit i es a n d t h eir m a dd e n i n g m a r k eti ng . T h e s e i ndu s t r i e s

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c on s u m e e n e r g y , f u el a n d a d d to und is po s a b le w a s te a n d po ll u ti on . T h is p r o m o t e s t h e g r o w th o f te r r o r i sm o n t h e on e h a nd ; a n d pr ete nd s to act a g ai n s t it (in a ct u a l ly a c oun te r p r odu cti v e wa y ) o n t h e o t h e r ! T h i s s t ate o f a ff ai r s ; i s st r ong ly p r o tected a n d s t r e ng t h e n ed b y t h e el e m e n t s with v e s ted i n te r e s t s! H e n ce t h e p r e s e n t l a ws, r u l e s a n d r e gu lati on s a l s o p r o m o te p r e s e n t e d u cati o n a n d its ill e ff ec t s . S o m e i n s tit u ti on s a n d i nd i v i d u al s , f o r w h o m we h a v e g r e at r e s p ect, a r e i nvo l v ed in t h e ho l i s tic a pp r o ach to e du cati o n ( in m ai n st r e a m , f o r m a l, i n f o r m al, c u r r ic u l a r , co c u rr ic u la r , e x t r ac u rr ic u l a r a s we l l as e du cati o n o f ph y s ical l y a n d m e n tally c h alle ng ed c h il d r e n ). B u t t h e s e e f f o r t s a r e i n a d e qu ate. W h ile p iec e m e al a pp r o ac h es a r e f ail i ng ; t h e r e is n o a d e qu ate awa r e n e ss a n d p r o m o ti o n o f ho li s tic e du cati on , w h ich lea v es t h e v ic iou s c y cle o f s t re s s d i s t o r t ing e duc a t i on ; a nd d i s t o r t ed educ a t i o n cre a t in g , agg r a v a t ing a nd spre a ding t he s t r e s s ; to c on ti nu e un a b a s h e d ly a n d un a b ate d . He n ce; t h e ill e ff e c ts o f s t r e ss o n p r e se n t e du cati o n a n d v ice v e r s a; c an b e e r a d icated i f w e und e r s ta n d t h e d e f ects in p r e s e n t e d u cati o n a n d p r o m o te ho li s tic e du cati o n as an i n t e r n ati on al s o l u ti on . I t h a s to b e a pp r eciated t h at n o s t a t e s m a n , n o po litical lea d e r , n o po licy m a k er a n d n o a d m i n i s t r at o r c an b r i n g a bou t c h a ng e in an e x i s ti n g s y st e m (in d e m o c r atic s et up ); un les s , we e vo l v e a c on s e n s u s a bou t t h e c h a ng es in t h e m a j o r i t y o f p e op le; w ho s e c oop e r ati o n is v e r y v ital. I n s ho r t; t h e po licy o f ho li s t i c e du cati on ; d e m a n d s t h at e v e r y s c hoo l, c o lle g e, un i v e r s ity etc m u s t b ec o m e t h e ce n ter o f p r odu cti o n a n d s e r v i c e, s e l f s u f f i cie n t a n d m u s t aid in s e l f s u ff ici e n cy a n d b l o s s o m i n g o f e v e r y on e i nvo l v ed in e du cat i o n a n d al s o o f t h e n ati on . T h e s t ud e n t s , teac h e r s a n d o t h e r s a s s o ciated with e du cati on ; m u s t b l o s s o m a s i n d e p e nd e n t a n d

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e m po we r ed i nd i v i du al s ; s p i r it u al l y , i n tellect u all y , m e n t all y , i n s ti n ct u all y , phy s i cally a n d ec on o m i call y . I n p r actice; e v e r y d a y ; a pp r ox i m a tely 2 0 % o f t h e t i m e b e s p e n t in p r odu ct i on , s e r v i c e et c . 2 0 % o f t h e t i m e b e s p e n t in phy s i cal acti v ities 2 0 % o f t h e t i m e b e s p e n t in ho l i s tic p e r s on ality d e v el o p m e n t 2 0 % o f t h e t i m e b e s p e n t in e n te r tai n m e n t a n d 2 0 % o f t h e t i m e b e s p e n t o n c ogn iti v e d o m ain L et u s c on s i d e r t h e s e s e p a r ate l y : 2 0 % o f t he t i me be s pent in pr o d u c t i o n, s er v ice e t c. 1 . T h e p r odu cti v e d o m ain s hou ld b e an es s e n tial i ng r e d ie n t o f e du cati o n S y s t e m , bu t n o p a r tic u lar j o b s hou ld b e e n f o r ce d . T h e t eac h e r s a n d o t h e r s s hou ld p a r t i ci p ate in t h e p r odu cti v e d o m ai n . P r odu cti o n a n d s e r v i c e can i nvo l v e c o m m un i t y p r o j e cts s u ch a s p la n tat i o n o f m e d ici n al h e r b s , r e a r i n g o f c o w s , h o m e f l o wer g a r d e n i ng , p r odu c t i o n o f c h alk s tic k s , ca r p e n t r y , po tte ry , clea n li n e s s , c r a f ts, s k il l s , a r t s a n d t h eir sale acc o r d i n g to t h e s i t u ati on s .. W o r k i n g ph y s ical l y in d i ff er e n t wa y s a n d ea r n i ng ; is no t a bu r d e n . I t i s an oppo r t un ity to g r o w fr o m wit h i n . I t i s an oppo r t u n ity to d e v el o p ou r s e l f e s te e m a n d b ec o m e s e l f s u ff icie n t. 2 . T h is lea d s to s e l f s u f f ic i e n cy in sc hoo l s . T h e y d o no t h a v e to d e p e n d o n h ea v y f e e s o r f e d e r al g r a n t s o r don ati on s a n d t h is w a y t h e y b ec o m e acc e s s i b le to all. T h e ca s t e b a s ed r es e r v ati o n f o r e du cat i on , j ob s a n d p r o m o ti on s; r e s p o n s i b le f o r s o cial d i v i d e a n d s t r i f e; in m a n y p a r t s o f t h e w o r l d ; ( e s p ecial l y I nd ia) can b e r e nd e r ed r e dund a n t a n d t hu s ; p eac e f u lly a n d a dv a n ta g e ou s ly don e aw a y wit h , b y c on s e n s u s! 3 . T h r oug h p r odu c ti v e d o m ain t h e hypok i n etic s t r e s s , e m o ti on al s t r e ss o f b ei n g d e p e nd e n t a n d i n tellect u al s t r e ss o f bu r d en o n m e m o r y a n d t h i nk i n g is a v e r te d .

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4 . D u e to p r odu cti v e d o m ai n , t h e d r o pp i n g o u t du e to lack o f ea r n i n g ( a s is c o m m o n in ca s e o f m illi o n s o f s t u d e n ts in m a n y p a r t s o f w o r l d ) a n d t h en t u r n i n g i n to h el p les s , vu l n e r a b le a n d c h eap child l a b o r w ou ld c o m e do w n . 5 . B ei n g e m po w er e d , t h e s t ud e n ts w o u ld no t g o t h r o u g h t h e s t r e ss o f un e m p l o y m e n t a n d t u r n i n to h el p less, f r u s t r ated m e n tal w r ec k s o r c r i m i n a l s. 6 . T h e e m ph a s i s o n p r odu cti v e d o m a in (a n d h e n ce p s y c h o m o t o r a n d p r actical a s p ec t s) w ou ld b r i n g do wn t h e n eces s i t y a n d al s o t h e c a p a b ility a n d po ss i b ili t y to “c op y ” a n d a s s o cia t ed c r i m e s a n d c o r r up ti o n in p r o ce du r es o f e x a m i n ati on s , ce r t i f i c ati on , p r ov i d i n g g r a n ts a n d s o on ! M o s t i m po r ta n t l y ; we h a v e to i n t r odu ce a n d i n c o r po r ate e x a m i n ati on s , w h ich e x a m i n e t h e act u al s k ill, ca p ac i ty o r p er f o r m a n ce o f t h e s t ud e n t, r at h er t h an h i s / h er a b ility o f r e p eati n g o r r e p r odu ci n g t h i ng s a nd / o r c op y i ng . 2 0 % o f t he t i me be s pent in ph y s i c a l a c t i v i t i e s P h y s i cal a cti v iti e s can i n cl ud e p r a n a y a m a, s po r ts, e x e r c i s e, t r e kk i ng , h i k i ng , a v a r iety o f ph y s i c al f i t n ess t r ai n i n g p r og r a m s a n d m et hod s to a vo id m ono t on y a n d i m p r ov e e f f i ca c y . A v a r i e ty o f s po r ts p r e v ale n t in e v e r y o t h er p a r t s o f t h e w o rl d can m a k e t h e p r og r a m s m o r e i n te r e s ti ng , e n te r tai n i n g t h e r e b y p r o m o ti n g g l ob al un it y . 2 0 % o f t he t i me be s pent in pe r s o n a li t y (c o nce p t u a l a nd s piri t u a l) de v el o p m e n t a nd Pe r s on ality d e v el op m e n t i n cl ud es a ff ecti v e d o m ai n , s p i r it u al d o m ain a n d e m bod ies b r o a d e n i n g o f p e r s p ecti v e; t h r oug h v a r i ou s m ea n s s u ch a s ; NAM A SM A R AN, b y h ea r ti n g a n d c h a n ti n g p r a y e r s , po e m s a n d s ong s , gu e s t lect u r es, s e m i n a r s, d isc u s s i on s o n ho li s tic h ealth fr o m gu e s ts fr o m o t h er s ta te s , c oun t r ie s , la ngu a g e s , c u l t u r es a n d d i ff e r e n t r eli gion s ;

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t h e r e b y p r o m o ti n g g l ob al un it y . I n a d d iti o n it al s o i n cl u d e s ; e du cati on al t ou r s a n d v isits to p lace s ; w h e r e t h e st ud e n t g ets e xpo s e d to t h e d i ff e r e n t c h a r acte r i s t ic s o f n at u r e a n d s o ciet y ; s u ch a s f a r m s, g ar d e n s , s ea s ho r es, d e s e r t s, g laci er s , l a bo r at o r ies, ai r po r t s, gov e r n m e n t o f f ic e s , s h a r e m a r k e t s etc. 2 0 % o f t he t i me be s pent in en t e rt a in m e n t E n te r tai n m e n t t h at e n r ic h es t h e s ou l; no t on ly s hou ld i n cl ud e p la y i n g m u s i cal i n s t r u m e n t s , d a n ce, p ai n ti ng , m i m i c r y , s i ng i ng , s t o r y telli ng , d r a m a, m ov ie etc. bu t e v e ry t h i n g t h at nu r t u r es t h e a ff ec t i v e d o m a in a n d s p i r it u al d o m a i n . 2 0 % o f t he t i me be s pent o n c og n i t i v e d o m a in De v el o p m e n t o f c o gn iti v e d o m ain can i n cl ud e teac h i n g o f la ngu a g e s , h i s t o r y , g e og r a phy , m a t h e m at ic s etc with u t m o s t e m ph a s i s o n i n te r p r etati o n a n d r ele v a n ce in d ay to d ay l i f e. T hu s t y p i cal i r r ele v a n t qu e s ti on s in t h e e x a m i n ati o n o f h i s t o r y , l a ngu a g e s , m at h e m ati c s ; s hou ld b e t o tally don e a w ay w it h . T h e s u b j e ct s u ch a s ; c o m m e r ce, ec on o m i c s , p s y c ho l og y , ci v i c s, ph il o s oph y , l og i c , s o ci o l og y etc m u s t i n cl ud e f ield w o r k a n d m a d e r e l e v a n t to t h e p r e s e n t s o cie t y . W e m u s t e n c ou r a g e m a x i m u m a n d d aily p e r s o n to p e r s o n i n te r acti o n a n d d ial ogu e a m o n g s t t h e t e ac h e r s a n d s t ud e n t s ; s o t h at a n al y tica l , s y n t h etic, c on t e m p lati v e, d ec i s i o n m a k i ng , t r oub le s hoo ti n g a n d p r ob l e m s o l v i n g ca p aciti e s a r e d e v el op ed op ti m a l l y . T h e v ici ou s c y cle o f s t r e ss d i s t o r ti n g e du cati o n a n d d i s t o r ted e du cati o n ca u s i n g a n d m u lti p l y i n g s t r e ss in i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial l i f e; ca nno t b e m a n a g ed e ff ecti v e l y , un l e ss a n d un til; a s it u ati o n w h e r e m i lli on s a r e “ i m p r i s on e d ” in unp r odu cti v e w o r k a n d m i l li on s a r e f o r ced i n to un e m p l o y m e n t a n d i nh u m an c h eap c h ild la bo r ; is e r a d i cate d . T h i s can b e don e t h r ou g h ho li s tic e du cati o n po licy a n d i t s i m p l e m e n tati on ; at i n te r n ati on al, n ati on al a n d l o cal le v e l s ; t h r oug h t h e la w s, gov e r n m e n t

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r u les a n d pub lic awa r e n e s s , c on s e n s u s a n d p a r tici p ati o n . T h e d etai l s o f p r actical s te p s c an b e d e v el op ed b y i n te r acti on s a m ong st t h e p e op le acti v e in t h e f i eld o f e du cati o n all ov er t h e w o r l d . B u t we all n ee d ; 1 , Pe r s p ecti v e a n d c onv icti o n o f Gl ob al U n ity a n d g l ob al we l f a r e 2 . R e a d i n ess to ac c e p t a n d i n t r odu ce ph y s i o l og ical i n s i g h ts a n d p r i n ci p les in t h e h o li s tic e du cati o n 3 . R e a d i n ess a n d op e nn e s s to h a v e d ial ogu e with e xp e r ts in o t h er f iel d s 4 . Pa r tici p ati o n fr o m t h e s o cie t y a n d gov e r n m e n t s a n d t h e m e d ia i n cl ud i n g i n te r n et we b s it e s, s o t h at h o li s tic e du cati o n a cti v i s t s all ov er t h e w o r l d ; can h a v e a m ea n i n g f u l d i a l ogu e a n d s h a r e v i ews, w o r k a n d e xp e r ie n ces a n d m ay b e, i n s p i r e o t h e r s 5 . A d m i n i s t r ati v e p r o f ic i e n cy a n d du e ca r e a n d c on ce r n f o r t h e phy s i cal ca p aciti e s o f t h e c h il d r en ( no r m al a s well a s t h e ph y sic a lly a n d m e n tal l y c h alle ng e d ) to a vo id i n f lic t i o n o f p ain a n d t r oub le. 7 . T h e oppo r t un ities f o r p s y c h o m o t o r acti v iti e s a n d p r odu cti v e acti v itie s ; wit hou t i m p o s iti on s . 8 . E v e r y k i n d o f o p en m i nd e dn e s s a n d t o le r a n ce a m on g s t t eac h e r s a n d s t ud e n t s ; s o t h at b e tter i n te r n ati on al r e lati on s c a n b e r eal i ze d . T h e phy s ical, i n s t i n ct u al, e m o ti on al, i n tellect u al, s p i r it u al a n d ec on o m ic e m po we r m e n t a n d b l o ss o m i ng ; in ho li s tic e du cati o n is i n te g r al to T o tal St r e ss M a n a g e m e n t i.e. i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i n g i.e. g l ob al un it y , h a r m o n y a n d j u s tice i .e. ho li s t i c r e n a i s s a n ce. E du cati o n is a ph e n o m e no n o f und e r s ta nd i n g a n d r e alizi n g on e ' s r eal n at u r e a n d m a n i f e s ti n g it. E du cati o n i nvo l v es m e t a m o r pho s i s o f an i nd i v i du al f r o m p etti n ess to p r o f u n d it y .

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E du cati o n can al s o b e c on cei v ed as a c qu i r i n g " f r ee d o m " to e xp r e ss on e ' s i nn ate po te n tial. E du cati o n t h e r e f o r e c on ce p t u ally i nvo l v es phy s ica l , i n s ti n ct u al, e m o ti o n al, i n tellect u al, t e c hn ical, a r t i s t i c, s c ie n ti f i c, c u lt u r al t r ai n i n g a n d g r o wth o f an i nd i v i du al. I ts a i m i s to h elp o n e e xp l o r e a n d m a n i f e s t on e s e l f in on e ' s r e s p ecti v e f i eld in t h e li gh t o f se l f - r ealizati on . O n e can s ee t h at a r b it r a r y ac qu i s i ti o n o r i m p a r t i n g o f s k ills can d e v el o p an i nd i v i du al i n to i rr e s pon s i b le, a d a m a n t, p etty a n d s o m et i m e s g r o s s l y a n ti s o cial y et an e xp e r t p e r s on . S u ch e xp e r ts h i gh ly ac c la i m ed a s p r o f e s s i on al t o p b r ats g e n e r al l y d o m o r e h a r m s to t h e m s el v es a s well a s to t h e o t h e r s r at h er t h an r e nd e r i n g se r v ice. On t h e o t h er h a n d s o m et i m e s a s t ud e n t m a y b e ' goo d ' b u t lack t h e ca p acity to ac qu i r e n ecessa r y kno wle dg e a nd / o r s k il l s . He n ce i m po s i n g s k ill in s u ch c a s e b ec o m e s c oun te r p r odu cti v e fr o m e v e r y po i n t o f v iew. NAM A SM A R AN if ta ugh t r i gh t f r o m t h e e a r l y c h il dhoo d in a s y st e m a tic a n d c a r i n g m a nn er, t h en t h e doo r to inner li g ht a n d po wer i s op e n e d . S i m ila r l y on e ' s v i s i o n is b r o a d e n e d , s o t h at on e can s e e w h at can s at i s f y on e a n d s i m u l t a n e ou s ly b e n e f it t h e s o cie t y . T h e e du cati on al p r og r a m s i f o r ie n ted a r oun d NAMA SM A R AN a n d c o m p l e m e n ted b y t r ai n i n g in v a r i ou s a s p ec t s o f i n f o r m a t i o n a n d s k ills, t h en t h e teac h e r s , st ud e n ts a n d t h e s o ciety w ou ld b e t r u ly b e n e f i te d . I n t h e o l d en d a y s e du cati o n in Hi ndu s w a s a pp a r e n t l y c e n te r ed o n G od . T hu s t h e s ou l o f g u r uku l s y s t e m w a s G o d r eali z ati on . T h e t e m p l e s r e f le c ted m at u r ed und e r sta nd i n g o f l i f e , s c i e n ce, tec hno l og y a n d a r t; no t on ly in t h eir a r c h itect u r e , bu t al s o in v a r i ou s acti v itie s . T h e t e m p l e s a n d o t h er e du cati on al i n s tit u ti on s w e r e e vo l v ed a n d e s ta b l i s h e d , in acc o r d a n ce with t h e pu r s u it a n d r e a lizati o n o f t r u t h . T h is i s e s p ec i ally e v i d e n t s till bu t to s o m e e x te n t; in s o m e Hi nd u t e m p l e s in S ou th I nd ia. T od a y ; t h i s e s s e n c e o f e du cati o n i s m is s i n g f r o m t h e p l a ces o f w o r s h ip a n d t h e acti v ities t h e r ei n . T h i s i s p a r t ly b eca u s e l i f e h a s b ec o m e m o r e

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c o m p l i cated a n d p a r tly b eca u se o f t h e f ail u r e o f t h e po l i cy m a k e r s to g r a s p a n d a b s o r b t h e es s e n ce o f e du c ati on . T hu s , t h e hug e m o n u m e n t s o f w o r s h i p , e m p i r es o f e du c ati on , c o l on ies o f i ndu s t r i e s a n d k i ngd o m s o f po litical st r e ng th a r e t r ea d i n g in t h e d i r ecti o n o f do w n f al l , d i s c o r d a n d d e s t r u cti on , du e to d ea r th o f t h e pu r s u it o f t r u th a n d e x celle n ce. W ith N AM A SM A R A N on e can r ec a p t u r e t h e l o s t g l o r y a n d s ou l o f e du cati o n v iz. t h e pu r s u it o f t r u t h . L e a r n i n g a n d teac h i n g e nd ea vo r s f o r i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial we l f a r e can g o h a n d in h a n d wit h , p r o cess o f c r eati o n a n d p r odu cti on . NA M AS M A R AN a s an i n te g r al p a r t o f e v e r y i n s tit u ti o n ; w ou ld b r i n g n ew l i f e to t h e p lac e s o f w o r s h ip, s a n cti t y to t h e p laces o f e du cati o n , hon e s ty a n d g e n e r o s i t y to t h e p lac e s o f t r a d e a n d i ndu s t ry , ob j e cti v ity to s cie n t i f ic i n s t i t u ti on s a n d ho li s t i c a n d h u m a n e el e m e n t to gov e r n m e n t s a n d d ec i s i o n m a k i n g bod ies s u ch as c ou r ts o f law. NAM A SM A R AN can r e v italize e v e r y s ph e r e o f l i f e a n d t h e r e b y c an e s ta b l i s h h a r m on y , i n te g r ati o n a n d c o - o r d i n ati o n in all p a r t s o f t h e bod y o f t h e s o ciety w h i c h a r e at p r e s e n t d e g e n e r ati n g li k e i s c h e m ic (a bno r m al l y l o w b l oo d s upp l y ) a n d p a r al y z ed o r d i s e a s ed p a r t s o f t h e bod y . N A MA SM A R AN t hu s can er a d icate t h e h y po c r i s y , a l ie n ati on , d e g e n e r ati o n etc. i n v a r i ou s f i el d s t h r oug h t h e e du cati o n t r u e to l i f e a n d m a k e l i f e t r u e to t h e r eal i zati o n o f u lt i m a te r eali t y v i z . G o d / Tr u t h . SU P E R S T I T I O N T h e n eed o f b eli ef s i s p r ob a b ly a s o l d as h i s t o r y o f l i f e . T h is i s cl e ar fr o m t h e b eli e f s s e en in a n i m a l s ! T h e b eli e f s can b e i n s ti n ct u al, e m o ti o n al a n d i n tellect u al. T h e s e b el ie f s d ete r m i n e ou r b e h a v i o r a n d m a k e r e stless a n d e v en m i se r a b le in t h eir

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a b s e n ce. T h e te r m i n s ti n ct u al i s u sed h e r e to i nd icate u r g e bo r n ou t o f an i n s ti n ct. A n i m a l s h a v e i n s t i n ct u al b eli e f s e. g . a do g h as a b el ie f t h at t h e m a s t er w ou ld n e v er h a r m it, e v en i f t h e m a s t er t h r ea t e n s it. J u st a s we a r e d e p e nd e n t o n f ood , s e x u al a pp etite a n d o t h er i n s ti n c t s , we a r e d e p e nd e n t o n e m o ti o n al s o la c e o f b ei n g l ov e d , ca r ed a n d wa n te d . All t h is go es unno ticed as i t i s ta k en f o r g r a n te d . T h e i nd i v i du al ho r iz on s b r o a d en t h r oug h e m o ti on al m a t u r ati o n a n d i n tellect u al p r o f und it y . T h e n at u r e o f b eli e f s i s r e p laced b y “ e vo l v e d ” b eli e f s. T h e o r i e s s u ch as “ b ig b a ng ” o r “ o r g a n ic e vo l u ti o n c on cei v ed b y C h a r l e s D a r wi n ” a r e i n tellect u al b eli e f s te r m ed “ s c i e n t i f i c”. T h e y a r e b a s ed o n t h e ob s er v ati on s o f “ li n e a r p r og r es s i o n in t i m e” in m a n y a pp a r e n t a s p e c ts o f n at u r e; e s p ecial l y fr o m c on ce p ti o n to d eat h ! S u ch t h e o r ies b a s ed o n a pp a r e n t p r og r ess ar e s u b j ecti v e b el ie f s f ond ly s h a r ed a n d h a r bo r ed b y m a n y ; a s s c i e n t i f ic “ t r u t h s ”; o f t en m a k i n g t h e m a rr og a n t a n d i n c on s i d e r a t e. W e o f ten s ee t h ese p e op le c ond e m n i n g o t h er b eli e f s a n d o t h e r s ’ b eli e f s! B u t t h at d o es no t m a k e t h eir op i n i o n s a b s o l u te t r u t h ! T h e ir s c op e i s r est r ict e d b y s e n s o r y i npu t (e v en i f i m m e n s e l y m u lti p l ied b y tec hno l og y ) t h ey r ecei v e ! N o t m e r e l y , s c i e n ce a n d tec hno l og y bu t e v en t h e u lt i m a t e t hough ts in ph il o s oph y a r e l a m e in te r m s o f ca p a b ility to li v e wit hou t a n y b eli e f s a nd / o r s o cal l ed c onv icti on s ! B eli e f s o f s o m e k i n d o r o t h e r ; w h et h er called s up e r s t i ti on s , f ait h s , c onv icti on s , t h e o r i e s o r p r i n ci p les; a r e c r u tc h es t h e m a nk i n d h as b een u sed to ; a n d d e p e nd e n t o n . T h is h u m an fr ail t y i s b i o l og ica l , phy s i o l og ical a n d p s y c ho l og ical a n d h e n ce n eed no t b e c ond e m n e d . I n stead o f h a r bo r i n g c ond e s ce nd i n g attit ud e we s hou ld r ealize t h is “ i n e v ita b ility o f s o m e f o r m o f c r u tc h e s ” a n d b ec o m e h u m b l e .

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U n ce r tai n ty i s d i ff i c u lt to f at h o m ; a n d to li v e wit h ; e v en f o r a g r eat s cie n t i s t o r a p r o f o un d ph i l o s oph e r . I t is a l m o s t i n c o m p a ti b le with l i f e o f s a n i t y ! B u t it i s po s s i b le i f we li v e b e y on d t i m e a n d s p a ce a n d b e y on d t h e s e n s e s . I s t h is po s s i b le? T h is i s s aid to b e po s s i b le t h r oug h N A MA S M A R A N . O n e can t r y it a n d v e r i f y . NA M A S M A R AN AND L A W : L a w s , L a w y ers, C a pi t a l P un i s h m en t NA M A S M A R AN AND L AWS T h e s t r e ss i s un i v e r s a l. I t i s ub i qu it o u s . I t i s n at u r al. I t i s i n s e p a r a b le fr o m l i f e . H o we v e r ; i f it i s no t m a n a g ed p r op e r l y ; t h en it b ec o m e s d et r i m e n tal to i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ; a n d e v en s u r v i v al. St r e ss h a s b een m a n a g ed in m a n y w a y s f o r m i l l e nn ia. T h e wa y s o f s t r ess m a n a g e m e n t h a v e b een a pp a r e n tly c h a ng i n g as t h e s t r e s s o r s h a s b een c h a ng i n g a n d m u lti p l y i ng . He n ce t h e t r a d iti on s , c u s t o m s, c onv e n ti on s , d ec r e e s , c o m m a n d m e n t s , laws, r u l e s, r e gu lati on s , a d m i n i s t r ati o n , eti qu ettes a n d m a nn e r s ; a n d s cie n t i f ic i nv e n ti on s , d i s c ov e r i e s , a r t i s tic c r e ati on s a n d o t h er m od es o f ele v ati ng , e xh ila r a t i ng , e n te r tai n i ng , c on s o li n g a n d s oo t h i n g li f e; h a v e l i m itati on s in te r m s o f s t r e ss m a n a g e m e n t; e v en t houg h t h ey h a v e c on t r i bu ted t r e m e n dou s ly in s t r ess m a n a g e m e n t; in t h e p a s t ! All t h e s e w a y s o f st r e s s m a n a g e m e n t ho we v e r ; can b e m o r e acc u r a t e, a pp r op r iate a n d e ff ecti v e; in i nd i v i d u al a n d g l ob al b l o s s o m i ng ; i f t h e y

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a r e r e v italized a n d r e f i n ed in t h e li gh t o f t h e e f f o r t s to r e a lize t r u e se l f . E v en t h e e f f o r t s t o wa r d s s e l f r ea l izat i o n i.e. m e r g i n g wi t h ; o r act u al l y “ b ei n g t h e t r u e s e l f ” o r “ b ei n g t h e i m m o r t a l c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s ”; e n a b le u s to e xp r e ss t h e g l ob al p e r s p e cti v e a n d b e n e vo le n ce in e v e r y walk o f l i fe ; i n cl ud i n g t h e laws, r u l e s, c onv e n ti on s ; s o a s to in t u r n f acilitate t h e p r og r ess t o w a r d s s e l f r e alizati o n i.e. i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ! S o m e o f t h e s alie n t f eat u r e s o f s u ch l aws w ou ld b e 1 . NAM A SM A R AN w ou ld b e i n t r odu c e d , ta ugh t a n d p r o m o t ed a s a c o r e o f l i f e in g e n e r al; bu t e s pecial l y as a c o r e o f e v e r y t r ai n i n g a n d e du cati on ; all ov er t h e un i v e r s e; 2 . H o li s tic h ealth ( p r og r ess t o w a r d s se l f r eali z ati on ) a n d P r i n ci p les a n d p r actice o f H o li s tic m e d ici ne ; c o n ce p t u alized as “ A ll t h at ai d s in t h e i n s i gh t o f d ia gno s i s , p r ogno s is a n d p r e v e n ti o n o f d i s e a s e a n d p r o m o ti o n o f ho l i s tic h ealt h ” w ou ld b e p r o m o t e d a n d t a ugh t at all t h e le v els. 3 . H o li s tic e du cati o n w ou ld b e c on cei v ed a n d p r o m o ted a s ; e v e r y t r ai n i n g a n d p r od u cti v e p r actice t h at e nh a n ces t h e p r og r ess in s e l f r ealizati o n 4 . H o li s tic p r og r ess w ou ld b e e v e r y g a i n in e v e r y f ield o f li f e e nh a n ci n g t h e p r o c ess o f s e l f r eal i zat i on . T h e “ n ati on al a n d g l ob al p r og r es s ” b e m e as u r ed o r a s s e s s ed f r o m p a r a m et er s ; o f i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i n g a n d NOT o n p a r a m e t e r s ; s u ch a s p er ca p ita i n c o m e , GDP, n u m b e r o f m ob ile phon e s , T V s , c o m pu te r s , f l y ov e r s, two w h eele r s , f ou r w h e ele r s , a n d f i v e s tar ho tel s . I n a b s e n ce o f un i v e r sal p r a c tice o f N AMA S M A R A N; t h e la w s w ou ld c on ti nu e to b e c o e r ci v e, r e s t r icti v e, t h r o ttli ng , s u f f o cati n g a n d h i nd e r i n g t h e i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i n g o n t h e on e h a nd ; a n d d e s t r u cti v e ou t bu r s ts o f p r o t e sts in t h e f o r m o f c ri m e s a n d v i o le n ce; o n t h e o t h e r .

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NA M A S M A R AN AND L AW Y E R S T h e la w s a r e set o f r u l e s o r c od e s o f c ondu ct. T h ey a r e f o r m u lated at d i ff e r e n t l e v els. T hu s , v a r i ou s m u ltil a te r al p ac t s b etween m a n y c oun t r i e s o r t ho s e f o r m u la te d in UNO a r e ( o r c an b e c on s i d e r ed a s ) la w s gov e r n i n g v a r i ou s n ati on s . L aw s f o r m u l ated in t h e p a r l i a m e n t s gov e r n t h e r e s p ecti v e c o u n t r ies. T h e r e a r e l a ws s p e ci f ic to s t at e s a n d l o cal gov e r n i n g b od ie s . All t h e s e a r e s uppo s ed to b e fr a m ed s o a s to ac h ie v e un i v e r s al w e l f a r e. B e s i d e s l aw s t h e r e a r e gov e r n m e n t r u le s , w h ich gov e r n w o r k i n g o f d i ff e r e n t d e p a r t m e n t s . I n a dd iti on ; t h e r e a r e c u s t o m s a n d c onv e n ti o n s w h ich gov e r n d i f f e r e n t c o m m un iti e s . B e s i d e s ; t h e r e a r e r eli g i ou s p r e c e p ts a n d d ec r e e s w h ich gov e r n m e m b e r s o f t h e r e s p e cti v e r eli g i on s a n d i n te r acti on s b etw e en d i ff e r e n t r eli g i on s. T h e la w y e r s a r e p r i v ile g ed to b e a p a r t o f t h e p r o c e ss o f e vo l v i n g a n d a r tic u lati n g la w s so as to r e gu l a te i n d i v i du al a n d g r ou p b e h a v i o r s o t h at it b ec o m e s c ondu ci v e to i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al e m a n ci p ati on . T h ey a r e al s o f o r t un ate to h a v e t h e oppo r t un i t y to s t ud y a n d d e v el o p c on s tit u ti ons , w h ich i n f l u e n ce t h e p e r ce p ti on s a n d p r actic e s o f v a r i ou s h et e r og e n e ou s s o cial g r oup s. R e s t r icti n g t h e r o le o f a l a w y er to m er ely p lea d i n g in t h e c ou r t o f law i s t r i v ializati o n o f h i s/ h er p r o f e s s i o n . T o l o s e a g e nu i n e c a se b eca u s e o f l oop h o les a nd / o r d e f icie n ci e s in t h e c on te n t, a r tic u lati o n a n d i m p le m e n t a ti o n o f a p a r tic u lar law; i s fr u s t r ati ng . A l te r n a ti v ely wi nn i n g o f a c r i m i n al in b e i n g ac qu itte d ; is h a r mf u l to a l l in t h e l on g r un . I n s ho r t; t h e d e g e n e r a ti o n o f j ud icia r y c a n act a s a let h al b l o w to s o cie t y , i rr e s p ecti v e o f t h e c oun t r y it b el ong s t o . I f a la w y er p r act ic es N A MA S M A R AN a n d t r a n s ce n d s h is o r h er p et t y s e l f , t h en h e / s h e w ou ld s e n s e t h e ac u t e n eed f o r e f f o r ts t o i m p r ov e la w s c on ti nu o u s ly w h e n e v er a n d w h e r e v e r n eces s a r y . T h i s , t h e la w y er w ou ld a pp r eciate a s an i n te g r al p a r t o f h i s / h er d ai l y r ou ti n e - S W A D H A R MA. I f a n d w h en l a w y e r s s ta r t f eeli n g t h i s wa y , t h en t h eir li f e w ou ld b e

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d e f i n ite l y h a pp ier a n d s i m u lta n e o u s l y t h e j ud ici a r y w ou ld b e h ealt h ier b eca u s e o f t h eir c on t r i bu ti on . NAM A SM A R AN i m p a r t s o b j ecti v e p e r s p e cti v e a n d v i s i on , w h ich a r e es s e n tial f o r b ei n g a bl e to a r tic u late a cc u r ate a n d a pp r op r iate l aw s . Ot h e r w i s e t h e s u b jecti v e p e r ce p ti on s a n d v e s ted i n te r e s t s a dv e r s e l y a f f ect t h e c on te n t a n d c on s t r u cti o n o f t h e la w s . O n e can g i v e m a n y e x a m p le s o f l a w s in m a n y c oun t r i e s , w h ich a r e p r ov i n g eit h er c o e r ci v e o r c oun te r p r odu cti v e with r e s p e ct to t h e h a pp i n e s s o f an i n d i v i du al a n d t h e s o ciety a n d h a r m on y a m ong s t t h e m . T h is i s p r ec i s e l y b eca u s e o f p et t y a n d s ub j e cti v e s ta nd s o f t h e l a w m a k e r s . I t is a l s o d u e to t h e i gno r a n ce o f t ho s e w h o s u b m i t t h e m sel v e s to t h e s e l a w s a n d t ho s e w h o i m p l e m e n t t h e m . NAM A SM A R AN can h elp t h e m i n d r ise a bov e e v e r y k i n d o f p etti n e s s , t hu s lea d i n g to i n c r e a s e in i n tell e ct u a l cla r i t y a n d g r o w t h o f c on s cie n c e . I t t h e r e b y h el p s in t h e d e v el o p m e n t o f s t r on g r e m e d ial a cti on s f o r r ect i fy i n g t h e f a u l t y a n d t yr a n t l aw s . NAM A SM A R AN can al s o g i v e t h e s t r e ng th to r esi s t o r oppo s e d e f e c ti v e o r b ad la w s a n d g i v e a b ility to t h i n k c r itically b e f o r e a n d du r i n g i m p l e m e n tati o n o f e v e r y l aw. I t can g i v e a clear v i s i o n to s ee p i t f al l s in t h e law a n d it can e n k i nd le a n d e n a b le t h e m i n d to d o acc u r ate a n d a p p r op r iate m od i f i ca ti o n o r c on s t r u cti o n o f l a ws. T h u s t h e v ict i m s a s well a s t h e i m p le m e n t er s bo th a r e b e n e f i t e d . N A MA S M A R AN can t hu s fr ee t h e s o ci e ty a n d i nd i v i du al fr o m t h e d a m a g i n g i n f l u e n ce o f d a r k n ess a n d s a v a g e r y a n d h elp t h e m li v e und er t h e f r e e i n g a n d li b e r ati n g i n f l u e n ce o f t h e w i se a n d e n li gh te n ed law s . Ma n y p r o f e s s i on al la w y e r s l ater j o in po litics a n d m ay b ec o m e m e m b e r s o f t h e le g islati v e c oun cil o r p a r li a m e n t, o r o t h er i n s tit u t i on s w h ich p a s s b ills o f v a r i ou s k i n d s . T h e la w y er s in s u ch po s iti on s can p lay a v e r y i m p o r ta n t a n d e x c e lle n t r o le in a pp r op r iate d e v el o p m e n t o f l a w s , t h r oug h p r actice o f NA M A S M A R A N .

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NA M A S M A R AN AND C A P I T A L P U N I S HM E N T S hou ld ca p ital pu n i s h m e n t b e a b a ndon e d ? T h e a n swer h as to b e e vo l v ed a n d a r tic u lated acc o r d i n g to d i ff e r e n t s it u ati on s b y e nli g h t ened e x per t s in t h e f iel d . B u t I te n d to t h i n k in f o ll o wi n g t er m s. Fi r s tl y ; in p r i n ci p le; ou r pun i s h m e n t s s hou ld b e bo r n ; f r o m t h e v i s i o n o f g l o b a l bene vo lence a nd n o t v in d ic t i v e i m p u l s e s ( w hi c h a ppe a r j us t i f i a ble; a s t h e y g r a t i f y o ur b a s a l n a t ur e ) . Sec ond l y ; t h e la w s s hou ld b e s u c h ; t h at t h ey h elp u s to b l o s s o m . T h e y s h o uld N O T h a r a ss a n d t h r o ttle t h e fr ee d o m o f ; c o m m o n G o d f ea r i n g p e op le o n t h e on e h a nd ; a n d s h o uld N O T p r o m o t e all v a r ieti e s o f c r i m e s r a ng i n g f r o m r elat i v ely i nno c uou s m i s ta k e s a n d m i s d e e d s ; to m u r d e r s a n d r a p es. T h i r d l y ; t h e la w s s hou ld b e s i m p l e t o unde r s t a nd s o t h at c o m p lia n ce w ou ld b e m u ch e a s i e r a n d c o m m onp l ace a n d “ law b r ea k i ng ” w ou ld b e unn ece s sa r y a n d r a r e r . E v en t h e n eed o f la w y e r s w ou ld b e r e du ce d . F ou r t h l y ; we can c u r b t h e c r i m i n al t e nd e n cie s ; r i gh t fr o m t h e b e g i nn i n g (w h en t h ey a r e no t as gh a s t l y a s t h ey latter b ec o m e); a n d pre v ent crim e s t o a l a r g e e xt e nt t hr o u g h h o li s t i c pe r spec t i v e , p o licies, pl a n s , pr og r a ms a nd t h e ir i m pl e m e n t a t i o n . F i f t h l y ; t h e n at u r e o f pun i s h m e n t s ; in g e n e r al s hou ld b e e m ph atical l y c o rr ecti v e a n d r e f o r m ati v e to s u ch an e x te nt ; t h at ‘ d e t e r rence’ w o uld en s u e t h r o u g h c o rrec t i o n a nd re f o r m a t i o n . T h e po i n t i s ; t h o s e o f u s in t h e f ield o f law; c an ov e r c o m e; t h e s t r e ak o f v e ng ea n ce a n d v i o le n ce in m i n d b y s ub l i m ati n g it in “ hon e s t a n d e f f ecti v e c on ce r n ” f o r un i v e r sal we l f a r e . T h is i s po s s i b le t h r oug h

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NAM A SM A R AN (JAP, JAAP, J I K R A, S U M I R A N ; SI M A R AN i. e . r e m e m b e r i n g G od ’ s n a m e o r t r u e s el f ) . T h is w a y t h e y c a n b ec o m e enli g h t ened e x pe r t s a nd e vo l v e a nd a r t icul a t e t he a n s w er t o t he ques t i o n a b o ut c a pi t a l pun i s h men t . T ill we g r o w b e y on d ou r s ub j ec t i v ity a n d p r e j ud ice s ; a n d no tice t h e n a s ce n t c r i m i n al t e nd e n cies wit h in u s; we m a y no t a pp r e ciate t h e v al u e o f all t h e f o r e gon e d i s c u s s i on . A s we g et m o r e a n d m o r e e n li gh te n ed t h r oug h t h e p r actice o f N AM A SM A R AN; e v en m o r e c r e ati v e a n d c on s t r u cti v e s ugg e s ti on s w ou ld e m er g e! NA M A S M A R AN AND M I SC ELL E N E O US I SS U E S: Sp o r t s, S c ienc e , H y pn o t i s m , P o e t r y , I d e o l ogy , A t he i s m , V i r t ue, H a t h ayoga , M ir a cles, V i o le n ce, F a i t h , Ri t u a l s , D E A T H , E x pe r ience o f NA M A S M AR AN, B e a u t y , H i s De s i re NA M A S M A R AN AND S P O R T S H o w i s N A MA SM A R AN r elated to s po r t s ? Act u ally e v e r y t h i n g in l i f e i s i n s e p a ra b le f r o m N A MA S M A R AN j u s t e v e r y cell in bod y is i n s e p a r a b le fr o m ox y g e n . T h e s po r t s li k e a n y acti v ity c an b e eit h er o r i g i n ated fr o m i nn er e n li gh te n m e n t a n d in t u r n ; can b e c ondu ci v e to it; o r t h ey can e m e r g e fr o m i nn er d a r kn es s ; a n d in t u r n lead to f u r t h er d a r kn ess in a n d ar ound . T h e s a m e a pp lies to t h e pu r po s e o f s po r ts a n d t ou r n a m e n t s . W o r ld ov er t h e r e a r e a v a r ie t y o f s po r ts - i ndoo r a n d ou t doo r . T h ey a r e p la y ed f o r m e r e r e c r eati o n a s w ell a s in t h e f o r m o f t ou r n a m e n ts. S o m e s po r t s a r e d a ng e r ou s s u ch a s r ov i ng , s k ii n g , w h e r e as o t h e r s s u ch a s go l f , b illia r d s etc. a r e r e lati v ely s a f e r . B ox i ng , fr ee s t y le w r es t li ng , m o t o r c y cle r ac e s , car r a c es et c . can b e l i f e t h r eat e n i ng . T h e c a m e l ra ces in s o m e c oun t r ies a r e no t m e r e ly d a ng e r ou s bu t c r u el.

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T h e s po r ts p la y ed o n p r o f e s s i on al b a s i s i nvo l v e l o ts o f p etty po liti c s a n d d i r ty c o m p etiti on . T h is h a s g i v en r ise to c on s u m p ti o n o f a n a bo lic s t e r o i d s , u s e o f v a r i ou s t r ic k s , s p e nd i n g o f hug e a m oun t s o n b etti n g a n d r i go r ou s t r ai n i n g f r o m v e r y te nd er a g e. S po r t s , t ou r n a m e n ts a n d c o m p e t iti on s h a v e ac qu i r ed t h e d i m e n s i o n o f h i gh ly a r b i t r a r y , h i gh ly a r t i f ic i al m a n e uv e r s a n d m a n i pu lati on s . T h e c r aze o f m e d als a n d ob s es s i o n o f t r oph ie s ; h a v e i n t r odu ced an el e m e n t o f i n d i ff e r e n t c o ld b l ood e d n e s s a n d h a v e ta k en aw a y t h e s po r t s m a n s h ip fr o m s po r t s . I t i s w o r th r e f lect i n g as to w h at all t h is s i gn i f i e s . S po r t s s hou ld b e a v e h icle to d e v el o p fr ie nd s h i p . T h ey s hou ld b e a m ea n s t o d i s p lay s k il l s . I t s hou ld b e an act i v ity to b r i n g p e op le t og et h er a n d g i v e f eeli n g o f p a r tici p ati on . S po r ts s hou ld b e a m at t er o f phy s i c al a n d m e n tal h ealth a n d e n te r tai n m e n t. S po r ts s hou ld b e a n acti v ity to ov e r c o m e t h e let h a r g y , l a s s it ud e a n d s l u m b e r . I t s hou ld f a c ilitate d y n a m i s m . I t s hou ld r e du ce c y n ic i s m a n d d e p r es s i on . M o r e ov er it s hou ld t r a n s f o r m s a v a g e o r b a r b a r ic e n m ity i n t o ci v ilized f r ie n d s h ip a n d d e s t r u cti v e te nd e n cies i n to pu r s u it o f c r eati v e m a gn a n i m i t y . NAM A SM A R AN gu i d es u s to o r ie n t a n d d e v el o p t h e s po r ts in a h ealt h ier f a s h i o n a n d h u m a n ize t h e m . NA M A S M A R AN al s o gu i d e s u s a bou t ho w to m a k e s po r t s f aciliti e s a c ces s i b le to t ho s e w h o li v e in t h e r e m o t e s t o f t h e i n t e r i o r p lac e s. N AM ASM A R AN e n li g ht e n s u s a bou t t h e s e n s e o f p r opo r ti o n in te r m s o f e xp e nd it u r e o f m on e y , ti m e, a n d e n e r g y in t h e p a r tici p ati o n a n d / o r ho s ti n g o f s po r t s f e s ti v a l s a n d t h eir b e n e f it to c o m m o n m a n . NA M A S M A R AN AND S C I E N C E T h e p r o c e ss o f a c qu i r i n g t h e kno wle d g e o f on e o r m o r e a s p ec t s o f un i v e r s e, t h e kno wle dg e g ai n ed in t h is way a n d t h e e m p o we r m e n t on e ac h ie v es in t h e te r m s o f i n f l u e n ci n g t h e i nn er a n d ou ter e nv i r o n m e n t a s well a s t h e h a pp i n ess t h at r e s u l t s fr o m all t h ese, t og et h er c on s tit u te s cie n c e . T h e c o m m o n d e n o m i n at o r o f a v a r ie t y o f s ci e n ti f ic a pp r o ac h es is a n d h a s to b e o b j ec t i v e v i s i on . T h is n ee d s n o e m ph a s i s i f on e r e aliz e s

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t h e f r a ud s t h at can r e s u lt du e to lack o f hon e s t y a n d i n te g r it y ; a n d b l und e r s , w h ich c a n r e s u lt f r o m s ub j e cti v e a n al y s e s, i n t e r p r etati on s, c on cl u s i on s a n d a p p licati on s . NAM A SM A R AN is r e m e m b e r i n g ou r t r u e s el f , w h ich i s o t h e r wise i n acces s i b le to ou r s u b j ecti v e a n d s up e r f ici a l i n s t i n cts, f eeli ng s a n d t hou g h t s . I t i s a w a y o f b ec o m i n g ob jecti v e a n d r eac h i n g cl o s er to a b s o l u te t r u t h . He n ce it i s an i n e v ita b le c o r e o f a n y acti v i ty in ou r l i f e. M o r e ov er N A MA SM A R A N e vo l v es u s fr o m o u r po s it i o n o f p etti n e ss to po s iti o n o f g l ob al b e n e vo le n ce. NAM A SM A R AN h el p s u s t r a n s ce n d ou r c u lt u r al, r eli g i ou s , i d e o l og ical, p e r s on al, n ati on al, po litical, s o cial, e m o ti on al a n d o t h er p r e j ud ices a n d b ia s e s , w h ich o t h e r w i s e r e s u lt i n to e go ce n t r ic, po litical l y m o ti v a t e d , b ia s e d , a n d l op s i d ed o r ou t r i gh tly fr a udu le n t c on cl u s i o n s a n d f i nd i ng s . W e w ou ld a d m it t h i s , a t le a s t to ou r sel v e s , i f we i n t r o s p ect. NAM A SM A R AN is a p r o c e s s , w h ich p r ov i d es t h e m i n d " ce n t r i p eta l " (t o wa r d s on e ' s c o r e) d i r ec t i o n t hu s p r e v e n ti n g e n ta ng l e m e n t o f on e ' s j ud g m e n t in t h e s e s ub j e cti v e f act o r s . T h is p r o c ess i s s i m ilar to "r et u r n " o f t h e r a y s b ack i n t o t h e " SU N " . N A MA S M A R AN t hu s f acilita t es t h e s m oo th t r a n s f o r m a ti o n o f s ub jecti v e a n d i nd i v i d u ali s tic ph y s ica l , i n s ti n ct u al, e m o ti o n al a n d i n tellect u al p r o ces s e s i n to ob jecti v e on e s . O n e can v e r i f y f o r on e s e l f a n d t h en a pp r eciate t h at w ith NAM A SM A R AN t h e lea r n i ng , teac h i ng , p la nn i ng , r e s e a r ch a n d a pp licati o n as w ell as t h e i m p le m e n t a ti o n o f i d e a s, c on c e p ts a n d d i s c ov e r i e s / i nv e n ti on s in s cie n ce b e g in to c o m p r i se t h e c o m p r e h e n s i o n a n d m a n i f e s tati o n o f a b s o l u te t r u t h . S o m e p e op le w h o a r e o f ten la b eled “ un scie n t i f ic” call t h is t r u th b y te r m s s u ch a s c os m ic w i l l, n at u r e ' s d e s i g n o r G od ' s p l an f o r t h e un i v e r s e . Ma h a t m a Ga ndh i called t h i s ; inner vo ice. N AM ASM A R AN e ndo ws p r o f oun d und e r s ta nd i n g o f s c op e a s well a s l i m i tati on s o f t h e p r i n ci p les o f scie n ce, t hu s m a k i n g t h e s cie n ce m o r e s cie n ti f ic a n d m o r e b e n e vo le n t. I t i s t h e r e f o r e i s a k e y to e n r ich scie n ce, m a k e it m o r e p r o f oun d a n d m a k e it t r u ly b e n e f i cial to t h e m a nk i nd .

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O n e can e a s i l y a p p r eciate f r o m a bov e d i s c u s s i o n as to ho w in t h e a b s e n ce o f t h e p r a ctice o f N A MA S M A R AN t h e s cie n ti f ic kno wle dg e can r e m ain s ect a r i a n , f r a g m e n ted a n d d i s r up ti v e du e to t h e i n f l u e n ce o f p etti n es s , s up e r f ic i alit y , u tilita r ia n i s m a n d e xp l o itati v e acti v ities in s o called s i gn i f i ca n tly a dv a n ced c o m m u n itie s . O n e can a l so s ee ho w in a b s e n ce o f N A M A SM A R A N t h e e d u cati o n o f scie n ce c an b ec o m e c o e r ci v e, m et hodo l og ies can b ec o m e c r u el, r e s ea r ch can b ec o m e d e h u m a n ized a n d t h e p la nn i n g can b e c o m e a n t i s o cial a n d a pp licati o n can b ec o m e e v en g e no ci d al if a n d w h en t h ey s p r i n g fr o m s ub jecti v e p etti n es s . NA M A S M A R AN AND H Y P N OT ISM T h e e s s e n ce o f N A MA S M A R AN a s well a s t h e r e s u lt o f NAM A SM A R AN i s ; i n c r e a s i n g d e g r ee o f s e l f l e s s n ess. B u t w h at e x act l y i s i m p lied b y t h e w o r d s e l f l e s s n ess h e r e? I t i s t h e i n c r e a s i n g a b ility t o r e m a in i n te g r at e d , with t r u e s el f ! I t is t h e a b ili t y to r e m a in und i s t u r b ed a n d unp e r t u r b e d ; e v en i f w e l o s e o r d o no t g ai n ; as p er t h e e xp ectati on s o f ou r p etty s e l f ! I n a w a y t h i s a l s o m e a n s d ec r e a s i n g e xp ect a ti on s f r o m ; a n d i n c r e a s ed r e a d i n ess to g i v e o t h e r s . T h is i s b eca u se o f NAMA h a s no t h i n g to o ff er u s f o r o u r p e r s on al p etty g r at i f icati on . N A MA h a s n o f l a vo r , n o ta s te, n o m el o d y , n o b ea u ty a n d n o c o l o r . I n s ho r t NAMA h a s no t h i n g to s at i s f y t h e s e n s e s . NAM A SM A R AN do es no t i nvo l v e i n tellect u al s at i s f act i o n . NAMA i s no t a po e m ; t h e r ef o r e it ca nno t g i v e e m o ti on al s u p po r t o r s o lace. NAM A SM A R AN do es no t i nvo l v e a a pp r eciati o n o r a p p la u d f r o m t h e a ud ie n ce. N A MA S M A R AN i s no t a b u s i n ess a n d h e n ce ca nno t h elp in ea r n i n g m on e y . I s n ' t it n at u r al t h en t h at a n y on e w h o c o m m it s to a n d p r actic e s N A M A S M A R AN t h at do es n ' t s e r v e a n y p e r s on al / p etty g ain b ec o m e i n c r ea s i ng ly s e l f l e ss in t h e c o u r s e o f t i m e? O f c ou r s e ; i n s tead o f t h e l u s t f o r p et t y g ai n s ; f oun tai n s o f un i v e r s al w e l f a r e s p r i n g fr o m t h e h ea r t o f a p e r s o n p r actici n g N A MA S M A R A N .

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H y pno ti s m e xp e r t s, h y pno t h e r a p i s t s o r t h e i nd i v i du al s , w h o p r actice s e l f- h y pno s i s , d o so with a s p ec i f i c m o ti ve , w h ich is no t s p r un g f r o m t h e v ict o r y ov er p et t y s e l f i s hn e s s . H y pno ti s m o r se l f - h y pno s i s i s no t a i m ed t o ; a n d ca nno t fr e e ; an i nd i v i du al f r o m h i s / h er t ubu lar v i s i o n , r est r icted p e r s p ecti v e a n d p etty s e l f i s hn es s . I n f act h y pno ti s m i s a tec hn i que . I t m a y o r m a y no t e n c ou r a g e/ p a m p e r t h e pu r s u it o f on e ' s d e s i r e s – w h et h er r ati on al o r i r r ati on al. H y pno ti s m ho we v e r , i s a tec hn i qu e, w h ich i f u s ed j ud ici ou s ly as an i n te r i m m e a s u r e f o r t e m po r a r y r eli e f o r ce r tain p er s on al b e n e f i ts, m a y s e r v e a s a u s e f u l t o o l. N A MA S M A R AN o n t h e c on t r a r y ; i s a p a n acea t h at as s u r es h i gh est esse n ce o f h ealt h , h a pp i n e s s a n d we l f a r e f o r an i nd i v i du al a n d t h e s o cie t y . NA M A S M A R AN AND P OE T RY I t i s no t n ec e s s a r y to d e f i n e po et r y . I t m a y no t b e po s s i b le a l s o to g i v e a d e f i n iti o n ac c e p ta b le to e v e r y on e. H o we v e r , m o s t o f u s a r e f a m i liar with d i ff e r e n t t y p e s o f po et r y a n d t h e c h a r a cte r i s ti c s c o m m o n to t h e m . I n g e n e r al on e can s a y t h at t h e po et r y is an e xp r e ss i o n o f t h e f eeli ng s s u ch as l ov e, ca r e, d e vo ti on , att r acti on , a g g r es s i on , e c s t as y , a gon y , d e s p ai r , fr u s t r ati on , s u f f o ca ti on , v ict o ry , c on te m p t , b l i s s , h u m i l i a ti on , d i s gu s t, qu ee r n es s , a b s u r d i t y , w ond er a n d la ugh te r . T h e po et r y t h at g i v es e xp r es s i o n to t h e f eeli n g s o r a s p i r a ti on s o f b illi on s o f p e op le a n d f o r m i lle nn ia o f y e ar s b ec o m e s t h e lit e r a r y t r e a s u r e a n d al s o a m ea s u r e o f h u m an ci v ili z ati on . T h e s e a r e called e p ics p r odu ced in t h e h u m an h i s t o r y . T h ey h a v e b een i n s p i r i n g h u m an b e i ng s all ov er t h e w o r ld f o r t hou s a n d s o f y e a r s . I t m ay b e no ted t h at t h e i m m o r al s a g e po et Va l m i k i, w h o c o m p o s ed R A MA Y AN, p r ac t iced N A MA S M A R A N. D n y a n e s hv a r , w h o c o m p o s ed D y a n e s h wa r i, w h i ch is c on s i d e r ed to b e on e o f t h e f i n e st e x a m p l e s o f po et ry , al s o p r eac h ed a n d p r acticed N AMA S M A R A N.

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W ith N AM A SM A R A N t h e i nd i v i du al g r a du ally l o s e s h i s p a s s i on ate attac h m e n t to h i s o r h er p e r s on al i d i o s y n c r a s i e s . T hu s ; t h e s ub ject o f e xp r es s i o n o r s ub ject o f po et r y; s h i f t s fr o m t e m po r a r y , p e r s on al a n d i n ci d e n tal e m o ti on al up s u r g e s, r eact i on s a n d p r e j ud ices; to ob j ecti v e un i v e r s al p e r ce p ti on s , e xp e r i e n ce a n d a s p i r ati o n s . T h e c o n te n t o f po et r y g r a du ally s h e d s t h e v eils o r b r e a k s t h e b a rr i er s ; o f r eli g i ou s , r e g i on al, n ati on a l , li ngu i s ti c , r ac i al n at u r e a s w ell a s b a r r ie r s o f o t h er t y p e s . W ith NAM A SM A R AN t h e po et ' s e xp r es s i o n b r ea k s a way fr o m p etti n e ss o f all k i nd s a n d s o a r s h i g h in t h e r ea l m o f un i v e r s a l un it y . P o et r y b ec o m e s a t r a n s i d e o l og ical, t r a n s c i e n t i f ic, t r a n s r eli g i ou s a n d t r a n s ub j e cti v e e xp r es s i o n o f c o s m i c l ov e t h at i n f u ses e v e r y b ei n g ete r n all y . S u ch po et r y b ec o m e s an e a sy r o ad f o r e v e r y on e t o t r ead e a s i l y a n d h a pp il y ; a n d r each t h e d e s ti n at i o n o f p e r s on al a n d g l ob al e m a n ci p ati on . NA M A S M A R AN AND I D E OLOG Y W h at e x act l y a r e i d e o l og ie s ? H o w d id t h ey e m e r g e in t h e h u m an h i s t o ry ? W h at h a s NAM A SM A R AN to d o with t h e m ? I d e o l og ie s , w h et h e r r eli g i ou s o r o t h e r wi s e a n d w h et h er t h ei s t o r at h e i s t; a r e s e t s o f h u m an c on ce p ti on s . B r o a d ly s p ea k i ng ; th e s e c on ce p ti on s h a v e two a s p e cts. Fi r s t i s t h at t h e y e xp lain t h e ph e n o m e n a in t h e un i v e r s e o r pu t f o r wa r d t h eir v ie w s o r v i s i o n o r p er s p e c ti v e o f t h e un i v e r s e. T h e s ec o n d a s p ect i s ; t h e f ra m i n g o f s ugg e s ti o n s , op i n i on s , laws o r d e c r e e s m e a n t f o r gu i d i n g t h e h u m an b e h a v i o r. I n t h e d i s ta n t p a s t w h en t h e r e w e r e n o well d e f i n ed i d e o l og ie s ; t h e h u m an b e h a v i o r s re f lected b i o l og ical i n s ti n c t s a n d po s s i b ly p r i m iti v e e m o ti on s . T h i s w a s s i m il a r to t h e b e h a v i o r o f a n i m a ls. T h e c h a r act e r i s tic o f s u ch b e h a v i o r i s t h at it i s d e vo id o f a n y d eli b e r ate p l a nn i n g a n d i n te n ti on s . I n t h e c ou r se o f h u m a n h i s t o r y t h e a w a r e n e s s a bou t on e's b e h a v i o r a n d awa r e n e ss o f on e ’ s f eeli ng s, i n s ti n c t s , t hough t s , d e s i r e s , d r e a m s etc.

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we n t o n i n c r e a s i ng . S i m u l t a n e ou s l y , t h e und e r s ta nd i n g o f t h e n at u r e a l s o we n t o n i n c r e a s i ng . T h e i d e o l og ies c a n b e s een to h a v e e m e r g ed a s a r e s u lt o f t h e c o n f l i cts b e t wee n ; t h e a c t u al h u m an b e h a v i o r a n d t h e i d eal b e h a v i o r c on cei v e d ; a n d b etween d i ff e r e n t t h e v i ew s a b ou t un i v e r s e. T h is l ed to t h e d e f i n iti o n s a n d d e s c r i p ti o n s o f a goo d o r p r og r es s i v e b e h a v i o r a n d r et r og r es s i v e b e h a v i o r; w h ich a pp ealed to d i ff e r e n t p e op le, w h o g at h e r ed a r oun d a p a r tic u lar v i e w po i n t a n d b e h a v i o r ; w h ich s u ited t h e m . T h is w a s o f c ou r s e; i n f l u e n ced b y b i o l og ical, g e og r a ph ic, cl i m atic a n d ph y s ical f act o r s . T h e i d e o l og ies a n d t h e s u b s e qu e n t d e v el o p m e n t o f r eli g i ou s a n d po litical g r oup s i n f l u e n ced t h e h u m an b e h a v i o r in te r m s g l ob al u n i f i c ati o n a n d a m i t y ; a s well as g l ob al d i v i d e a n d d es t r u cti on . I d e o l og ies nu r t u r ed t h e h u m an ci v ili z ati o n as well a s h a r m ed it. T hu s, on e can c o m p a r e a n d c on t r a s t t h e n eed b a s ed ph e n o m e no n o f p r e y i n g in p r e h i s t o r ic h u m an b ei ng s a n d t h e i d ea - b ased ph e n o m e n o n o f g e no ci d es in " m od e r n " a g e. O n e can c o m p a r e a n d c on t r a s t t h e n at u r al p a r e n tal ca r e e v i d e n t in p r e h i s t o r ic m an a n d t h e m a s s i v e a n d a r b it r a r i l y d e s i gn e d e du cati on al c ou r s e s a n d p r o l i f i c y et b a r e l y e ff e ct i v e w r iti n g o n p a r e n tal ca r e in m od e r n h u m an b e i ng . O n e can a l s o a pp r eciate t h e i n s ti n ct bo r n s pon ta n e ou s se xu al b e h a v i o r in p r e h i s t o r ic m an a n d t h e i d e a - bo r n c o m p lex se xu ality (with i nn u m e r a b le a b e rr ati on s a n d p e r v e r s i on s) in t h e a pp a r e n tly f o r wa r d , a ff l u e n t m od e r n hu m an b ei ng s . W h at s hou ld we d o ? W e h a v e to und e r sta n d t h at th e i d e o l og ies h a v e to b e f u r t h er d e v el op ed in t h e li gh t o f e n li gh te n m e nt ; c u l m i n a ti n g i n to a s i ng le i d e o l og y o f g l ob al c on s e n s u s. T h r oug h NAMA S M A R AN we can s u ch a c on s e n s u s with un ity in d i v e r s i t y can b e e vo l v e d . I t can cata l y ze f u r t h er e n li gh te n m e n t. T h e t r a n s i d e o l og ical r ea l m o f e n li gh te n m e n t, w h ich is t r u ly d e m o c r ati c , c an b e s e t op en f o r on e a n d all with t h e k ey o f NAM A SM A R AN. T h is r e a l m i n f u s e s e v e ry on e with n e w l i f e t h at p r o m o t e s n at u r al e nnob l e m e n t a n d d e v el o p m e n t, i n s t e ad o f i m p o s i n g

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ce r tain p att e r n s . N AMA S M A R A N sets an i nd i v i du al f r ee fr o m t h e d i v i s i v e a n d r e s t r ic ti v e b i nd i n g o f i d e o l og ies o n t h e on e h a n d ; a n d s ets h i m / h e r fr ee f r o m t h e ob s e ss i o n o f i m po s i n g it o n o t h e r s . NAM A SM A R AN obv i o u s ly h el p s o n e t r a n s ce n d on e ' s o wn i n s ti n ct u al o r b a r b a r ic ob s e s s i on s . B u t in a dd iti on , t h r oug h NAM A SM A R A N on e h el p s o t h e r s a s we l l; to ov e r c o m e t h eir b asal n at u r e . T h u s NAM A SM A R AN p r e v e n ts u s fr o m b ei n g v ict i m s o r c r i m i n a l s o f t h e p r op a g a nd a o f i d e o l og ical c on f lic t s a n d wa r s. M o r e ov e r ; NAM A SM A R AN e m po we r s u s in s u ch a w a y t h at we c an e vo l v e t h e v ict i m s a s well a s t h e c r i m i n als o f s u c h wa r s . Ide o l og ies g ene ra t e a nd nur t ure l ov e f o r o ne a n o t her i n pe o ple o f s a m e c a s t e, s o m e n a t i o n , s a m e r a c e , s a m e r eli g i o n, s a m e cl a s s , a nd s a m e ide o l og y a nd s o o n. S o m e ti m e s u n der t he d i s g u i s e o f a n d s l oga n s o f in t e r n a t i o n a lism a nd g l o b a li t y , " s e c t a r i a n l ov e" f l o uri s h e s a nd a s a l og ic a l s eq u el s e c t a ri a n w a rs s p re a d. NAM A SM A R AN ta k es u s b e y on d t h e r ea l m o f " s e c ta r i an l ov e" a n d " secta r i an h at r e d " i n to t h e r ea l m o f tr u e g l ob al h a r m o n y , t r u e g l ob al un it y . T hr o u g h N A M A S M AR A N w e be g in t o l ov e n o t merely t h o s e w ho pr a c t ice N A M A S M A RAN b u t a l s o t h o se w ho d o n o t ! W e be g in t o d e s ire t he upli f t ment o f e v en t h o s e w ho o pp o se N A M A S M AR A N. E xp e r ie n ce o f t h i s r ea l m i s s o s ub l i m e t h at it n e v er e v er p r o m p ts a n y i nd i v i du al to c o m p el o t h e r s a bou t a n y m od i f icati o n in t h eir t h i nk i n g o r b e h a v i o r. T h at i s w h y ; I a m no t a dvo cati n g a n y bod y; bu t m e r ely e xp r es s i n g m y v i e ws a bou t t h e p r act i ce, i m p licati on s a n d s i gn i f ica n ce o f NAM A SM A R AN. T h e r ea d e r s a r e n o t e xp ected to b eli e v e o r f o ll o w i t . NAM A SM A R AN lea d s to a fr ee a n d s pon ta n e ou s p r o c e ss o f se l f - r ealizati o n a n d i t s e xp r es s i o n , w h ich in t u r n h el p s o t h e r s a l s o , in e n j o y a n d e xp r ess t h e s a m e . NA M A S M A R AN AND A T H E ISM N a m e o f G o d c h a n ted o r r e p ea t e d ly re m e m b e r ed b y a m e m b er o f a n y r eli g i on , f aith o r s e ct o r e v en b y a f o l l o wer o f At h ei s m ( b eli e f o r c onv icti on s t h at G o d do es no t e x i s t i. e. on ly t h at e x i s t s , w h ich can b e

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p e r cei v ed o r d e du ced i n tellect u all y ) g ets b e n e f it. T h is b e n e f it i s in t er m s o f l o o s e n i n g o f t h e s h ac k l e s o f p e r s on ality s p ec i f ic c o m p u l s i v e t hough t s . T h is b e n e f it i s in t e r m s o f r eli e f f r o m t h e b li nd f o ld o f c u lt s p ec i f ic ob s es s i on s a n d in t e r m s o f fr ee d o m f r o m t r a d iti o n s p ec i f ic do g m a s. NAM A SM A R AN h el p s on e to t r a n s c e n d t h e un i v e r s e o f i nd i v i du al c on s ci ou s n e s s . T h is i s i m po r ta n t b e ca u s e it is t h r oug h t h is; t h at a p e r s o n b ec o m e s a w a r e o f on e ' s t r u e se l f ; a n d g r a du ally r ealiz e s it. S ub s e qu e n tl y , on e i d e n ti f i e s t h e c on ti nu ity o f t h e s a m e with t h e t r u e s e lf o f t h e m e m b er s o f t h e o t h er r eli g i ou s o r g a n izati on s a n d n ati on alities s p r ead all ov er t h e w o r l d . T h e w i s d o m o r s i g n i f i c a n ce o f NA M ASM A R AN i s n ei t h er in t h e s up e r s titi o n in an i m a g i n a r y G od , no r in t h e at h e i s tic b e l i e f in e x i s te n ce o f m e r e l y w h at is p e r cei v ed o r i n tel l ect u ally d e du ce d . I n tellect h as l i m itati on s a n d h e n ce can b e f alli b le. O n e can e a s i l y s ee t h at NAM A SM A R N s h i f t s t h e v e r y b ei n g fr o m p la n e o f i n d i v i du al e x i s te n ce to t h e p la n e o f l i f e t h at ill u m i n e s t h e w ho le un i v e r s e i n c l ud i n g s p ace, t i m e a n d le v els o f c on s ci ou s n e s s . NA MA S M A R AN i s t hu s a k e y to un r a v el a n d e xp e r ie n ce t h e ' s up e r s t r i n g ' t h at li nk s t h e w ho le o f t h e un i v e r s e. It i s t he k ey t o s h a re t he r e a li z a t i o n o f n o n - belief ( a t he i sm) in e v er y t hing t h a t a ppe a rs a nd i s s u b j ec t i v e ; bel i ef ( t heism) in t he s elf (N A M A) t h a t is be yo nd a ll ch a n g e s ! N A MA SM A R AN m a k e s u s ; t r u e t h eist i. e . c onv i n ced o f t h e s up r e m e e x i s te n ce o f t r u th (N A MA) a n d al s o a t r u e a t h ei s t a s we r ealize t h e r e l ati v e v a n ity o f all t h at is see n , p e r cei v ed o r i n tel l ect u ally c on cl ud ed b y f alli b le a n d l i m ited ca p acit y . T hu s w e g e t s r id o f t h e do g m a s bo r n ou t o f s ub jecti v ity a n d i gno r a n ce a n d r i s e s a bov e t h e ill u s o r y s e m a n ti c s s u ch a s at h e i sm a n d t h eis m , w h ich d i v i d e u s . NA M A S M A R AN AND V I R T U E S W h at i s und e r s t oo d b y v i r t u e s ; i s t h e qu alities w h ich a r e r e f l ected i n to p e r ce p ti on s , t h i nk i n g a n d b e h a v i o r b e n e f i c ial to an i nd i v i du al a n d t h e s o cie t y . Vi r t u e s m a k e t h e m an a n d s o ciety p r o f oun d a n d e n r ic h ed

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m a t e r ial l y a n d s p i r it u all y . Vi r t u e s c an b e i nd i v i du al o r s o cial. S i m ila r l y v i r t u es c an b e r e l a t ed to bod ily acti v i t ie s , c u lt u r al acti v i t ies a n d r eli g i ou s acti v ities. C lea n li n ess o r phy s ical e x e r c i s e i s v i r t u e s r el a ted to bod ily acti v it y . Pe r f o r m i n g o f Sa ndh y a, p r a n a y a m a, poo j a i .e. d aily w o r s h ip a r e r elated to phy s ical as well as p s y c ho l og ical a n d s p i r it u al d e v el o p m e n t. P un ct u alit y , r elia b i lit y , hon e s ty etc. a r e v i r t u es with s o c i al d i m e n s i on . B u t a r e t h e s e un i v e r sal v i r t u e s ? N o ! O n e c an a pp r e ciate t h at t h e c onv e n ti on s , r u l e s , no rm s, t r a d iti on s e tc. e m e r g e a s a f un ct i o n o f i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial c on s ci ou s n es s . E v en t h e le g al s y s t e m s a s w ell a s t h e c o n s tit u t i o n s o f t h e n ati on s i n d i ff e r e n t p a r t s o f t h e w o r ld e vo l v e a s a f un cti o n o f s o cial c on s ci ou s n e s s . H o we v e r , on e can s e e t h at t h e e ff o r ts to c on ce p t u alize v i r t u e s a n d a r t i c u late v i r t u e s ; c h a ng e a n d v a r y f r o m t i m e to t i m e a n d p lace to p lac e ; d u e to c h a r acte r i s t i c e nv i r o n m e n tal i n f l u e n ce s . T h i s m a k e s d i f f e r e n t g r oup s o f p e op le p e r cei v e d i ff e r e n t l y , t h i n k d i ff e r e n tly a n d b e h a v e d i ff e r e n tl y . T h e y a r d s tic k s o f v i r t u es v a r y f r o m g r ou p to g r oup . T h is le a d s to d e v el o p m e n t o f g r ou p i d e n titie s , w h i ch m a y i n cl ud e r e g i on al, li ngu i s tic, r eli g i ou s a n d n ati on a l ; a n d as s o ciated with p r i d e, asse r t i v e n e s s, h at r e d , opp r e ss i v e n e ss e t c. T h e s ect a r ian v al u e j ud g m e n t r e s u l t s i n to s t r i f e a n d w ar s . T h e ' v i r t u e s ' b ec o m e t h e c a u s e o f do w n f al l . I n s h o r t v i r t u e s d o no t r e m a in v i r t u e s ! N o w a d a y ; it h a s b ec o m e a l m o st i m po ss i b le to d i ff e r e n tiate v i r t u e fr o m v ice. T h i s i s b e c a u s e t h e s c r i p t u r e s w h ich h it h e r to gu i d e d with r e s p ect to v i r t u es c a nno t d o so with acc u r a c y a n y m o r e. T h i s i s b e c a u s e o f e no r m o u s c h a ng e i n t h e s o cial r ela t i on s h i p s . T h e a dv e r t i s i n g i ndu s t r y , m od eli ng , c o m put er i ndu s t r y , o r g an t r a n s p la n tati on , g e n etic e ng i n ee r i n g etc. h a v e r a i s ed unp r ece d e n ted qu e s t i on s with r e s p e c t to v i r t u es. L et u s ta k e s o m e e x a m p l e s. T a k i n g b ath in ea r l y m o r n i ng , t h en ta k i n g b ath at 5 O ' cl o ck a n d o f f e r i n g poo j a m a y b e a v i r t u e in on e s etti ng , w h e r e a s w o r k i n g o n a m a c h i n e o r p e r f o r m i n g ca e sa r ian s ecti o n at 5

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O ' cl o ck m a y b e a v i r t u e in a no t h er setti ng . S i m i l a r l y ; v e g eta r ia n i sm m a y b e a m o s t r e s p ect e d v i r t u e in on e c o m m u n i t y w h e r e a s eati n g r aw f i s h m a y b e i n e v ita b ili t y in c e r tain r e g i on s . I n t h e s a m e w a y ; alc oho l m a y b e a ta bo o in s o m e c u lt u r es bu t a d aily r ou ti n e in o t h e r . S i m i la r l y ; a f t e r hu s b a n d ' s d eat h ; g etti n g m a r r ied to h is b r o t h er called N I YO G A c ou ld b e a s o ci a l no r m in on e e po ch bu t un t h i n k a b le in t h e o t h er. T h e c u s t o m o f s a c r i f ici n g a n i m a l s as a m att e r o f r e v e r e n ce to G od ; m a y b e h eld in h i g h e s te e m ; at s o m e po i n t o f t i m e b y s o m e; w h ile c ond e m n e d at o t h er po i n t o f ti m e b y o t h e r s. T he r e f o re in t he present s i t u a t i o n t he t a sk is t o d i s c ov er t he e s s e n ce o f v ir t ue s , w hich e m b o di e s t he c o m m o n p rinciple pe r va ding a nd uni t ing t he e n t ire uni v er s e . NAM A SM A R AN t r a n s f o r m s t h e i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial c on s ci ou s n ess a n d m a k e s it t r a ns - h i s t o r ic a l a n d t r a n s - g e og r a ph ical. N AMA S M A R A N m a k e s t h e c o n s ci o u s n ess r i s e a bov e r e g i on al, li ngu i s tic, n ati on al, c u lt u r al a n d o t h er d i ff e r e n c e s. N AM ASM A R AN t hu s h el p s u s to r e d i s c ov er a n d r ea l ize t h e un ity o f t h e es s e n c e o f p a s t, p r e s e n t a n d f u t u r e v i r t u es a s well a s t h e es s e n ce o f v i r t u es w o r ld ov e r . T h i s i s c oup led with t h r ee p r o c e s s e s 1 ) t h e a pp r eciati o n a n d r e s p e ct f o r t h e e s s e n ce t h at un ites a n d 2 ) f le x i b ilit y , t o le r a n ce a n d c on s i d e r ati o n a bou t t h e m a n i f e s t f o r m s o f w h at o t h e r s c o n s i d er a s v i r t u e s a n d 3 ) a pp r op r iate m od i f icati o n s in d i ff e r e n t v i r t u es i f a n d w h en r e qu i r ed a n d f e a s i b le; in d i ff e r e n t s it u ati on s in t h e d i r ecti o n o f g l ob al un it y . NA M A S M A R AN AND H A T H A Y O G A Hat h a y og a i s a d isci p li n e, w h ich h as e m e r g ed as a b y p r odu ct o f t h e pu r s u it o f s e l f - r eal i zati on . I t d e s c r i b es t h e ei gh t (in s o m e s c hoo l s ; ( s ix a n d s e v e n ) a s p ec t s o f h u m an e nd ea vo r b y w h ich m an c a n e xp e r ie n ce t r a n s c e nd e n tal e x iste n ce o r h i s t r u e un i v e r s al s e l f . S o m e t eac h e r s , ho we v e r ; e m ph a s i ze o n s u b j ecti v e s e n s ati o n o f b l i s s a n d v a r i ou s ac h ie v e m e n t s re f er r ed to a s S I D D H I S .

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I n r ece n t ti m e s Ha t h a y og a is p r acti ce d a n d p r eac h ed b y m a n y ; a s a m e a n s ; o f ac qu i r i n g ph y s ical h ealt h , p eace o f m i nd , p r o po r ti on ate ph y s i qu e, m e m o r y , a b ility o f c on ce n t r ati on , s t a m i na , s o cial s tat u s , ce r t i f i cat e s , d e g r e e , j ob s a n d m on e y . L i k e a n y o t h er l uxu r y; it h as b ec o m e i n acc e s s i b le to m a j o r ity o f t h e t o ili n g h u m a n i t y . T h e r o le o f Hat h a y og a in s o ci a l t r a n s f o r m ati o n / w e l f a r e h as b ec o m e ob s c u r e. I n t od a y ' s s o cie t y t h e r e f o r e t h e d i s c i p li n e o f Hat h a y og a n ee d s to b e r e bu ilt o n t h e f ound ati o n o f s p i r it u al wi s d o m a n d scie n t i f i c r e a s on i ng . I t is r e qu i r ed to b e c h a r g ed with t h e po wer a n d qu alit y , b y v i r t u e o f w h ich it can cata l y ze t h e i nd i v i du al d e v e l o p m e n t a n d t h e s o ci a l d e v el o p m e n t s i m u l t a n e ou s l y . T h is can b e ac h ie v ed b y N A MA S M A R A N. T h is i s b ec a u s e NAM A SM A R AN h el p s u s to d isc ov er a n d e xp e r ie n ce t h e " s e l f l e s s s e l f " a r oun d w h ich e v ery acti v i t y in t h e l i f e can b e o r g a n ize d . I n s ho r t, NAM A SM A R AN h el p s u s to g i v e d i m e n si o n o f un i v e r sal we l f a r e a n d s e l f l e ss w i s d o m ; to e v e r y act in e v e r y f i eld o f l i f e. NA M A S M A R N AND M I R A C LE S W h e n e v er an i nd i v i du al p e r f o r m s a ny t h i n g w h ich is no t po ss i b le f o r t h e v a s t m a j o r i t y o r a n y t h i n g t h at ca nno t b e e xp lai n ed b y kno wn laws o f n at u r e; we call it a m i r a cle. M y t ho l o g ies fr o m m o s t o f t h e p a r t s o f t h e w o r ld a r e f u ll o f d e s c r i p ti on s o f m i r a cles o r m i r a c u l ou s f ea t s . E v en t h e s p i r it u al t r a d iti on s a r e f u ll o f t ho s e i n d i v i du als w h o h a v e b een said to h a v e p e r f o r m ed m i r acl e s . T h e r e a r e m a n y acc oun ts, w h i c h d e s c r i b e t h e m i r a cl e s o r w ond e r s o f n at u r e . T h e r e h as a l wa y s b een a h alo o f m y s t e r i ou s n e ss s u r r ound i n g t h e m i r ac le s . T h e s t o r i e s o f m i r a cl e s i gn ite t h e f l a m e o f c u r i o sit y , c h a r g e t h e s e n se o f w ond er a n d s o m e t i m e s s t i m u l ate t h e o b s e s s i o n to po s s e ss m i r ac u l ou s po we r s . I n m a n y i nd i v i du als t h e t hough ts o f m i r acl e s c u l m i n a t e i n to t h e d e v el o p m e n t s o f t h e d el u s i o n t h at t h ey a ct u ally po s s e ss m i r ac u l ou s po we r s . Ma n y i nd i v i du als m i s u s e t h e sw a y t h at t h e m i r a cl e s h a v e o n t h e m i nd s o f p e op le; a n d i ndu l g e in c h eati ng . M a n y i nd i v i du als s u r re nd er to s u ch

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c h eati ng ; as a r e s u l t o f awe a n d f e a r a bou t t h e m i r acl e s. T hu s , in m a n y i n s ta n c e s m i r a cl e s d o no t r e m ain m e r e e n te r tai n e r s o f i n no ce n t i nd i v i du al s . T h ey b ec o m e ou r e n e m i e s . I t m u s t b e a pp r eci a ted t h at t h e pu r s u it o f m i r ac l es a n d t h at o f m at e r ial g ai n s a r e no t d i f f er e n t in te r m s o f p et t i n es s . S i m i l a r l y t h e a r r og a n ce bo r n ou t o f m i r a c u l ou s po we r s ; is no t d i ff e r e n t fr o m t h at bo r n ou t o f m at e r ial g ai n s in te r m s o f t h e d e g r ee o f i gno r a n ce a n d s p i r i t u al vo i d . I t a l s o m u s t b e r ealized t h at t h e c o e r ci o n a n d opp r es s i o n i nvo l v ed in s ub j e cti n g o t h e r s to po we r s o f m i r ac l es i s no t d i ff e r e n t f r o m t h e s a m e i nvo l v ed in s ub j e cti n g t h e o t h e r s to m a te r i a l po we r s . L a s tly it m u st b e und e r s t oo d t h at f oo li s hn ess a n d ill u s i o n i nvo l v ed in s u r r e nd e r i n g to t h e po we r s o f m i r a cle i s in n o wa y d i ff e r e n t fr o m t h e s a m e i nvo l v ed in p r o s t r ati n g in fr on t o f m ate r ial p o we r s. I t m ay b e cle a r fr o m t h e f o r e go i n g w h y t h e cl a s s i c al s p i r it u al te x t s c ond e m n t h e pu r s u it o f m i r ac u l ou s po we r s (Si ddh i s ). NAM A SM A R AN is un i qu e in t h e s e n s e t h at it s e t s a s i d e e v e r y k i n d o f p etty pu r s u it a n d h el p s t h e i nd i v i du al to b ec o m e s e l f l e ss e v en if an i nd i v i du al s ta r t s N AMA S M A R A N w ith an i n itial pu r po s e o f p etty g ai n s. L ater o n as h e/ s h e s p e nd s t i m e in t h e p r actice o f N A M A SM A R A N, h e/ s h e g e t s fr eed f r o m t h at i n itial, p et t y pu r s u it. T h is is b eca u s e NAM A SM A R AN is qu alitati v e l y d i f f e r e n t fr o m t ec hn i qu es g i v i n g i m m e d i ate m at e r i a l b e n e f its. I n s ho r t, N A MA S M A R AN s a v e s u s fr o m t h e aw e , f ear o r t e m p tati o n o f m i r a cl e s . T h is i s v e r y i m po r ta n t b e ca u s e , i f m i r acl e s b e c o m e t oo ls o f e xp l o itati on , go als o f pu r s u it o r ob j ec t i v e o f w o r s h i p , t h e n t h ey can b e a s d e s t r u cti v e a n d d et r i m e n tal a s a n y o t h er p et t y t h i ng . M ir acles in t h e m sel v es a r e li k e a n y o t h er t e m p tat i o n a n d can b e c ondu cti v e to t h e do w n f all a n d d e s t r u cti o n in t h e a b s e n ce N A MA S M A R AN. NA M A S M A R A R N A N D VI OL E N CE

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L i v i n g in t h e pu r s u it o f li b e r ati o n o f on e ' s o wn as well as t h e w o r l d ; i s it s e l f no n - v i o le n ce. N o n v i o le n ce in o t h er w o r d s ; i s c o n stit u ted b y ; t h e acti on s , t hough t s , f eeli ng s , p a s s i on s a n d acti on s s p r i ng i n g ou t fr o m t h e s e l f l e ss m i n d with c on ce r n f o r g l ob al we l f a r e; o r f r o m n on - s ub j ecti v e o r i m p e r s on al c on s i d e r ati on s . Acc o r d i n g to m a n y , non - v i o le n ce p e r tai n s to a vo i d a n ce o f ; o r a b s ti n e n ce fr o m t h e acti ons , f eeli ng s o r t hough ts, w h ich m ay h a r m o r d a m a g e o t h er i nd i v i du als o r li v i n g b ei ng s . I f we l oo k at t h is with i n te n s e c o m m i t m e n t, t h e m it can b e e a s i ly cl e ar t h at t h is i s no t po ss i b le f o r a c o m m o n p e r s on . T h e s l og a n s a n d p r op a g a nd a o f no n v i o le n c e ; a dvo cati n g no n - k illi n g o f a n i m a l s ; o r no n p a r tici p ati o n in t h e w a r s ; wit hou t r e f e r e n ce; to c on te x t a r e un r eal i s ti c . T h is s o r t o f a b s o l u te no n v i o le n ce can m a k e a c o m m o n p e r s on ’ s l i f e a b s o l u tely m i s e r a b le a n d t o tally n e u r o tic. I t m u s t b e a pp r eciated t h at a b s o l u te a vo i d a n ce o f k illi n g o f a n y li v i n g b ei n g is a l m o s t i m p o s s i b le a n d un s cie n t i f ic f o r c o m m o n p e op le l i k e u s . C an we a vo id k illi n g m o s q u it o e s , p a ra s it e s , b acte r i a , v i r u s e s a n d e v en o t h er p e s t s ? Act u ally can we a vo id d eat h ? A r e n ’ t t hou s a nd s o f cel l s a n d g e r m s d y i n g e v e r y d a y ; in ou r bod y ? A r e n ’ t b i r th a n d d eath p a r t a n d p a r cel o f t h e c o s m i c p a no r a m a? I s it no t i gno r a n t a n d c r u el to k ill a s well a s a vo id t h e k illi n g ; a r b it r a r i l y ; f o r p e r s on al g ai n s o r f o r s u b j ecti v e r e a s on s ? T h i s i s w h y , a m i d s t t he w ide s p re a d pr o p aga nda o f n o n k il l in g ; t here is w o rld w ide pre v a lence o f pr a c t ice o f e v en avo id a ble killin g ! Ab s o l u t e avo id a nce o f k ill i ng i s a n a t ur a l f eeling o f a M a h a t m a , a s elf re a li z ed s o ul a s he / s h e h a s s u r p a s s ed t he b o un d a ries o f ph y s i o l og ic a l li v in g . B u t f o r us; n o n v i o lence m u s t be s e en a s a n equi va l e nt t o b ec o m ing m o re a nd m o re s e l f le s s a nd m o re a nd m o re o b j ec t i v e in o ur perspec t i v e , t h i n king a nd a c t i o n s; a nd avo id ind i s cr i m in a t e a nd unnec e s s a ry k ill i n g . T h i s i s w h a t i s a chie v ed by t he p r a c t ice o f NA M A S M A R A N .

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Ot h er m et ho d s o f se l f - r ealizati o n m a y no t b e i n f e r i o r . B u t it a pp ea r s t h at in m o s t o f s u ch m e t hod s t r ac e s o f s ub j ec t i v e t h i nk i n g s t i ll p e r s i s t. E v en if a p e r s o n c onqu e r s k illi n g i n s ti n c t s , s e xu al d e s i r e s, t h e e m o ti on al attac h m e n t, t h e d e s i r e f o r po s s e s s i on s; a n d s o on ; s o m e p a r tic u lar i d i o s y n c r a sy u s u a l ly s till r e m ai n s a n d later a s s u m e s m on s t r o u s d i m e n s i on s. T h is i s b eca u s e e v en a tr ace o f s u b j ecti v e p e r s p e cti v e te nd s to p r o m p t t h e p e r s o n to d ictate o r d e si g n a r b it r a r y p la n s f o r t h e re s t o f t h e w o r l d . T h e r e f o r e, to f acil i tate t h e c os m ic d e si r e to m a n i f e s t t h r oug h on e ' s s e l f l e ss s tat e , v i s i o n a n d d ee d s ; t h e p r actice o f N A MA S M A R AN i s es s e n tial a n d e x t r e m el y u s e f u l. T h e a cti on s , w h ich f l o w t h r oug h a p e r s o n s u b m e r g ed in N A MA S M A R AN; a r e s u r e to b e s e l f l e s s , ob j ecti v e, f u ll o f c o s m i c w i s d o m a n d h e n ce t r u ly nonv i o le nt . N A M A S M ARAN m o st e ff ec t i v ely a nd uni v er s a lly av er t s t h e need t o un n ec e s s a rily o r indi s c r i m in a t ely k ill a ny bein g ; a s t he new era o f g l o b a l h a r m o ny w o uld be ushered in t h e w o rld. NA M A S M A R AN AND F A I T H H o w i s N A MA SM A R AN r ele v a n t to t h is a s p ect o f l i f e? W e h a v e to e x a m i n e t h e ph e n o m e n o n o f f aith in t o tali t y . Faith i s a gu t f eeli ng . I t i s an i n n er j ud g m e n t. P r o b a b ly it i s b ased o n p a s t e xp e r ie n c es a n d s ub c on s ci ou s l ea r n i ng . B u t it i s n o ta b le t h at m a n y o f ou r acti v iti e s a r e kno wi ng ly o r u nkno wi n g ly ce n te r ed o n f a it h . T h u s , t h e r e i s f aith in ou r m i n d a bou t o u r p a r e n t s , ou r c h il d r e n , ou r ac qu ai n t a n ce s , ou r teac h e r s , ou r do ct o r s, a n d s o o n a n d so f o r t h . M a n y t r a n s acti o n s i nvo l v i n g b illi on s o f do lla r s ta k e p la c e o n t h e b a s i s o f f a it h . E v en ou r p ets s ho w f aith in u s a n d v ice v e r sa. B u t e v e r y t h i n g is n o t s o s t r ai gh t f o r wa r d . T h e p r ob l e m c o m e s, w h en ou r f aith i s b et r a y e d , o r w h en we ou r f ait h . I s b li nd !

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T h e a n i m a l s li k e d o g h a v e b li n d f ait h . B u t a s w e g r o w i n c on s ci ou s n e s s , ou r f aith i s no t t h at b li nd ! W e t h i n k a n d we doub t! W e a s k qu e s ti o n s a n d we t r y to und e r s t a nd . W e a r e c on f u sed a n d in c on f lic t s. T h is i s w h y ; w e s t a r ted g i v i n g i m p o r ta n ce to a n al y ti c al t h i nk i ng , v e r i f ic ati on , c on ce p t u alizati on , c o rr obo r ati v e i n f o r m a ti o n etc. B u t, t h oug h t h e s e h a v e b e n e f ited u s ; t h e y h a v e al s o led to d i si n te g r ati o n o f i n t er p e r s on al f aith a n d t r u s t. I n t h e p r o cess o f b ei n g i nqu i s iti ve , we h a v e b ec o m e s k e p tical a n d s u s p ici o u s . T h is h a s e r od ed ou r f aith o n t h e i n t r i n s i c un ity o f m a nk i n d ; a n d we h a v e l o s t a m a j o r s o u r ce o f s o lace a n d e m po we r m e n t. W h at i s t h e s o l u ti o n in s u ch c a s e? C a n we a b a ndo n t h e i n tellect u al a n d tec hno l og ical g ai n s a n d g o b ack to t h e s t ate o f i gno r a n ce? T h is i s n eit h er f e a si b le no t a dv i s a b le. T h e m ov e m e n t o f h i s t o r y ca nno t b e r e v e r s e d . I t i s obv i ou s t h at att e m p t s to r e v e r s e t h e h ist o r ic p r o c e ss a r e bou n d to g o in v a i n o r m a y e v en p r ov e c oun te r p r odu ct i ve . T h e a n swer i s to c onqu er t h e b li ndn e ss in f aith a s well a s t h e i n tellect bo r n s k e p tici s m ! T h is can b e don e b y ov e r c o m i n g ou r i gno r a n ce as well as c on f l i c t s . H o w t o d o t h i s ? T h is can b e don e b y d ee p e n i n g ou r c o m p r e h e n s i o n o f t h e w o r d f a ith in ph il o s oph ical p a r la n ce. T h e Sa n s k r it w o r d f o r f aith i s " S h r a ddh a " . T h i s i nvo l v es und e r s ta n d i ng , i n te r n alizati o n a n d e xp e r ie n ce o f a ph e n o m e no n a n d acce p ti n g o r r e j ec t i n g it o n t h e b a s i s o f t h is e xp e r ie n ce. H e r e i t i s e xp e r i m e n tati o n w it h ; ou r s el v e s i n s t e ad o f a la bo r at o r y a n i m al o t h er vo l un tee r s . T hu s s h r a ddh a is an ob s e r v ati o n o r a p e r c e p ti o n v ali d ated b y a n d on ; s e l f . S h r a d dh a is v e r i f ied a n d e vo l v ed f ait h ! S h r a ddh a do es no t i nvo l v e a n y c r u tc h es a n d s uppo r t. I t do es no t i n vo l v e a n y e xp ectati o n a n d a n y d e m a nd . S h r a ddh a is s t r on g f eeli n g o f se l f s u ff i cie n c y . I t i nvo l v es s pon ta n e ou s s p r i n g o f l ov e fr o m wit h i n ! T h e r e is n o s u b m i s s i o n to a n y w h i m s, f a n c ie s , i d e a s o r d ictat e s . T h e r e i s i n c r e a s i n g as s o ciati o n with N A MA! A t t h is po i n t o f t i m e it b ec o m e s e v i d e n t t h at t h e gov e r n i n g m e c h a n i sm f o r t h e bod y is l i f e . T h e gov e r n i n g m ec h a n i sm f o r l i f e i s c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d t h e gov e r n i n g m e c h a n ism o r t h e f ou n tai nh ead f o r t h e

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c on s ci ou s n e ss ( i .e. t h e s ou l o f t h e c on s ci ou s n e s s ) i s G o d o r c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s . I t b ec o m e s e v i d e n t t h a t on e w h o is s u b m e r g ed in t h e o cean o f l ov e a n d d r o w n ed to " d eat h " a s r e g a r d s h i s p e t ty l i f e, s u r ely a n d at on ce s p r i n g s b ack with ete r n al l i f e. Fait h , w h en g e t s e vo l v ed i n to S h r a d d h a; we a r e n o m o r e b li nd , as t h e r e is no t h i n g t h at can t e m p t u s . W e t h e r e f o r e d o no t g et b r a y ed o r c h e ate d . S h r a ddh a e m bod ies a s t r on g bon d o f s e l f l e ss l ov e. H e n ce, p etty pu r s u i t s ca nno t s h atter it. T hu s t h e r e i s pu r e l o v e a n d un ity wit hou t e xp ectati on s . L ack o f s h r a ddh a i n NAMA i s e qu i v a le n t to un f ound ed f aith in t h e f alli b le a n d s ub j e ct i v e i n s ti n c t s , f eeli n g s a n d t hough ts ( w h i m s a n d f a n ci e s o f s e l f a n d o t h e r s ) . T h i s l ea d s to v ici ou s c y cle o f s u s p ici o n a n d s t r i f e. N A MA SM A R AN m a y b e t r e ated as unp r o f i t a b le h e r ita g e, i n tellect u al p r op e r t y o r r at h er a lia b il i t y . T h is i s t h e u lt i m a te; in s u ici d al a n d ca n ce r ou s t h i n k i ng . B u t t h e s e “ p a p er ti g e r s ”; can b e ea s i l y s ubdu ed b y N A MA S M A R AN, t h e ob j ecti v e po we r ! NA M A S M A R AN AND R I T U A L S R it u a l s a r e d e s i gn e d to f acilitate d i v i n it y , t h r oug h e s ta b l i s h m e n t o f h a r m on y a n d c oo r d i n ati o n a m ong s t t h e m e m b e r s o f t h e c o m m un it y . Ma n y r it u a l s p r a ct i ced in Hi ndu s h a v e d i r ect i n f l u e n ce i n te r m s o f i m p r ov e m e n t in p h y s ical a n d m e n tal h ealth e. g . r i t u als s u ch as s a ndh y a ( s a ndh y a i s a p r a y er p r act i ced in c e r t ain s e c ti on s o f Hi n du s . I t i nvo l v es c h a n ti n g m a n t r a s , 2 4 n a m e s o f L o r d Vi s hn u a n d p r a n a y a m a u s e f u l in attai n i n g ho li s tic h ealt h ), f a s ti ng , c ook i n g o f s p ec i f ic f o od s acc o r d i n g to d i ff e r e n t s ea s on s a n d o cca s i on s . R it u als s u ch a m a r r i a g e ce r e m ony , t h r ead ce r e m on y ( I n itiati o n ce r e m on y o f a bo y to lea r n t h e s c r i p t u r e s with c o m m i t m e n t t o a pp ly t h e kno wle dg e f o r t h e b e n e f it o f m a nk i n d m a r k ed b y w e a r i n g a sac r ed t h r ead c alled ya j n o p av i t a m , n a m i n g ce r e m o n y h a v e i m po r ta n ce in te r m s o f o r d e r a n d a m i t y in t h e s o cie t y . R it u a l s s u ch a s D i wali ( f e s ti v al o f l a m p s i nd icati n g s y m bo li c ally t h e v ict o r y o f d i v i n e o v er t h e d e v il ) , Ga n e s h C h at u r t h i (t h e w o r s h ip o f L o r d Ga n e s h ; t h e L o r d o f kno wle dg e a n d e n li gh te n m e n t o n f ou r th d ay o f t h e

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n i n th m on th in t h e I nd ian cale nd ar B h a d r a p a d ); o r s u ch f e s ti v a l s in o t h er r eli g i ou s ; a r e a i m e d at s p i r it u al re j uv e n ati on . T h ey a r e m e a n t f o r ov e r c o m i n g f r u s t r a ti on , i rr itati o n s , e g o t u s s l e s et c . a n d e n j o y h u m i lit y , l ov e a n d v i go r in t h e m e m o r y o f I nn er L i gh t i . e. G od . V a r i ou s i n ci d e n ces a r oun d w h ich f e s ti v a l s a r e o r g a n ized a r e s i g n i f i ca n t, i n s p i r i n g a n d gu i d i n g . F o r e x a m p l e , c ele b r ati n g t h e k illi n g o f t h e d e m o n Na r a k a s u r a o n t h e o cca s i o n o f t h e f e sti v al o f l a m p s i.e. Diwali h el p s t h e p e op le r e a f f i r m t h e ir oppo s iti o n to i nh u m an el e m e n t s ; i n s i d e a n d ou t s i de . I n t od a y ' s c on te x t t h e s o cial f a b r ic all ov er t h e w o r ld i s i n a p r o c e s s o f g etti n g d i s r up te d . T h is i s b eca u se o f l o s i n g t h e o ld w i s d o m e m bod ied in t h e r it u a l s a s well as b e c a u s e o f t h e h u rr ica n e o f i nd i v i d u ali s tic, p etty a n d s up e r f ic i al v a l u e s . T h is h a s led t o i n tellect u al, c u l t u r al a n d m o r a l i nd i f f e r e n ce a n d is o lati on ism c oup led with d e n ial o f r it u al s ; o r s e n s el e s s , vu l g a r , a b s u r d e ff o r ts to r e v i v e a n d r e - esta b li s h t h e ca r ic at u r es o f t h e o ld r it u als. I t i s e s s e n tial to e x t r act t h e e s se n ce o f t h e r it u a l s a n d a d o p t t h e m b e n e f ic i all y . T h i s ca nno t b e po ss i b le b y m e r e l y r ea d i n g t h e s c r i p t u r e s . F o r t h at; s h a r i n g t h e v i s i o n o f ou r a n ce s t o r s i s e s s e n tial. T h is i s po s s i b le NAM A SM A R AN. T hu s ; t h e r it u a l s c an b e r e m od eled m a k i n g t h e m non s ecta r ia n , wit h ou t l o s i n g t h e s ap o f c u lt u r e w h ich i s pu r e a n d wit hou t t h e s i d e e ff ec t s s u c h as f a n atic i s m , b i go t ry , c u lt u r al i n t o le r a n ce e t c. NAM A SM A R AN t hu s p r e v e n ts call o u s a n d d e h u m a n iz i n g i m p le m e n t a ti o n o f r it u al s . I t f a cilitat e s t h e r eal i zati o n o f t h e v a n ity o f t h e e x te r n al f e at u r e s o f r it u a l s . I t m a k e s u s li b e r al a n d f le x i b le a bou t e x te r n al f e at u r e s . I t t hu s p r e e m p t s t h e c o e r ci v e e ff o r t s to eit h er a nn i h ilate t h e r it u a ls a n d w i s d o m t h e r ei n ; o r to a r b i t r a r i l y i m p o s e t h e m o n t h e p e op le o f o t h er r eli g i on /s. NA M A S M A R AN AND D E A T H

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W h e r e i s z e r o ? W h e r e i s no t h i ngn e s s? W h e r e i s d e a t h ? Z e r o i s e x t r e m ely i m po r ta n t a n d g i v es m ea n i n g to t h e la n gu a g e o f Mat h e m a ti c s a n d i t s b r a n c h e s , ub i qu it ou s ly s p r e ad t h r oughou t h u m an ci v ilizati on ! H o we v er i f we ca re f u lly t r y to s e a r ch t h e o r i g in o f t h e c on ce p t o f z e r o , we f i n d t h at it i s a n a rr a ng e m e n t to c o m p r e h e nd , e xp lain a n d m a n e uv er t h e f leeti n g ph e no m e n a! E x i s te n ce o f z e r o is on ly w ith r elati o n to t h e t h r ee d i m e n s i on s a n d w h at we re f e r a s ; p a s t, p r e s e n t a n d f u t u r e; a n d t h eir i n f l u e n ce o n ou r b r ai n . W e i nd icate w ith t h e u s e o f z e r o ; t h e a b se n ce o f a p a r tic u lar e n ti t y in t h at p lace a n d t i m e with r e s p ect to u s. Act u all y ; ho w can ze r o p er s e ; i. e . no t h i ngn e s s e x i s t? T h e m o m e n t we s a y z e r o , it i m pli e s p r ese n ce o f t i m e , s p ace, a n d u s. I n f act; t h e o r i g i n a ti o n o f t h e c on ce p t o f no t h i ngn e s s a n d its d e s i gn ati o n in te r m s o f z e r o , ( t hou g h in r elati v e se n s e h a v e t r e m e ndou s p r actic a l v al u e; in all t r a n s a cti on s a n d s cie n t i f i c e nd ea vo r s ) h a v e g i v en r i s e to t h e d r ea d f u l c on ce p t o f e n d a n d d eat h ! I t h as g i v en r i s e to t h e c on ce p t o f at h ei s m i . e. no n e x i s te n ce o f a ny t h i n g li k e s e l f o r G od . Act u all y ; in a b s o l u te s e n se; z er o do es N O T e x i s t. I n f act; t h is r eal i z a ti o n g i v es u s i n tel l ect u al f r ee d o m fr o m f e ar a n d h e n ce g r eat r e l i e f fr o m t h e s t r e ss o f t h a n t ophob ia - t h e f e a r o f d eat h ! P r actice o f N A MA SM A R A N i s s aid t o e ndo r s e t h i s no t on ly i n tellect u all y ; bu t i n te r m s o f g i v i n g u s a f i r st h a n d e xp e r ie n ce o f d eat h les s n e s s, i m m o r tali t y a n d et e r n al b lis s . O n e c an v e r i f y t h i s t h r oug h on e ’ s o wn e xp e r i e n ce! NA M A S M A R AN AND I T S E X P E RI E NC E

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NAM A SM A R AN is a pp a r e n tly a s i m p le acti v it y . B u t a c t u ally it i s s u ch a d eep p r o c e s s; t h a t it c hu r n s t h e e n ti r e i n te r i o r o f u s. I t b r i ng s ou t to s u r f ace; ou r b a s al a n d d e s p ica b le s ub c on s ci ou s i n s ti n c t s a n d e m o ti o n s ; o f w h ich we a r e no t awa r e! W e a r e s hudd e r ed w h en we act u ally b ec o m e awa r e o f t h e m ! W e a r e act u al l y a fr a i d o f ou r s el v e s a n d s h atte r e d ! W e a r e a s h a m ed o f ou r s el v e s a n d d e v el o p s e l f p i t y a l s o ! NAM A SM A R AN is a pp a r e n tly a p a s s i v e a n d un e x citi n g acti v it y ; w h en c o m p a r ed with o t h er acti v iti e s i nvo l v i n g s po r ts, po liti c s , m on e y , r o m a n ce, fr ee d o m m ov e m e n t, c h a r i t y , g l a m ou r , f a m e ! W e can t h e r e f o r e f eel let do wn in t h e w o r l d ; b y t h e d e c e p ti v e g l a m o u r , g l i tte r , f a m e, po wer; a n d f eel t h at; b eca u se o f N A MA S M A R AN; we h a v e b ec o m e d e f un ct, r e dund a n t a n d d e j e c te d ! T h e s e e xp e r ie n c e s a r e b eca u s e o f ou r i gno r a n ce o f t h e s c op e a n d po te n tial o f NA M ASM A R AN. We a c t u a lly pr a c t ice i t ind o le n t ly t o e s c a pe f r o m t he se a rch o f t ru t h a n d i t s e x p r es s i o n ! W e p r actice i t; m e c h a n ical l y a n d p a r a s it i cal l y in v a i n hop e o f p et t y g a i n s a n d h e n ce g et fr u s t r ate d ! A s w e k eep o n r unn i n g a way fr o m t h e r oo ts o f t h e i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial p r ob l e m s ; we p r ov e ou r s e l v es m o r on s in f r o n t o f t ho s e , w h o d o no t u n d e r s ta n d a n d h e n ce r i d ic u le and / o r c ond e m n NAM A SM A R AN! T h e p r acti c e o f N AMA S M A R A N; i n awa r e n e ss o f t h e ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e, t h i nk i ng , e m o ti on s a n d a cti on s ; e vo l v i n g wit h i n ; is a g r eat ac h ie v e m e n t. I t i s e m po we r i ng , e n li g h te n i n g a n d e n r ic h i ng . I t f il l s u s with d i gn ity a n d f u l f i l l m e n t ! I t ta k e s u s to t h e f u l f illi n g a n d u lt i m ate e xp e r ie n ce o f at l e a s t t h e g l i m p s e o f i nd i v i d u al a n d un i v e r sal b l o ss o m i ng ! NA M A S M A R AN AND B E A U T Y

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B ea u t y i s t h at w h i ch g i v es h a pp i n ess to on e ' s e y e s , o t h er s e n ses a n d s ou l. T houg h it is s aid t h at ' b ea u ty lies in t h e e y e s o f t h e b e h o l d e r ' , t h e r e a r e s o m e t h i ng s w h ich a pp ear b ea u t i f u l t o a l m o s t all o f u s. T hu s ; t h e e y e s f r ee o f g r ee d , l u s t , d e s p ai r , j eal o u s y , a n g e r , a nx ie t y , f e a r , h at r e d , c unn i ngn e ss , d ece p ti on , c on te m p t , a rr og a n ce, i r r itati on , fr u s t r ati o n a n d i nd i ff e r e n ce; m a k e t h e f ace b ea u t i f u l. T h e w o r d s o f e m p at h y und e r s ta n d i ng , e n c ou r a g e m e n t, r e - as s u r a n ce, s e l f le ss n e ss m a k e t h e s p eech b ea u t if u l. T h e e xp r e s s i o n o f qu iet ud e, p ea c e, s a t is f acti on , f u l f il l m e n t a n d e n t hu s ia s m ; m a k e s t h e f ace b ea u t i f u l w i th un i v e r s al a pp eal. I n s ho r t, g e nu i n e c on ce r n f o r t h e we l f a r e o f m a n k i nd , f e eli n g o f on e n e s s with t h e o t h e r s, c on s i d e r ati o n f o r t h e e rr o r s o r d e f i c ie n ci e s o f t h e o t h e r s a n d t h e acti v ities in t h e d i r ecti o n o f g l ob al e m a n ci p ati on , m a k e t h e p e r s on al i ty b ea u t i f u l. T h e s e att r i bu t e s r e s u lt fr o m t h e v ict o r y ov er t h e c o m pu l s i o n o f on e ' s s t r ess ( a r i s i n g ou t o f phy s i cal, e m o t i on al, s o cia l , e du ca t i on al, c u lt u r al, f i n a n cial a n d o t h er d i ff ic u lti e s ). S t r e ss w h en e f f i cie n tly c onqu e r e d , ca nno t m u til a te t h e i nn er a s w ell a s t h e ou ter b ea u t y . T h u s , t h e e y es w h et h er p ict u r e s qu e o r s unk e n , f ace w h et h er p r opo r ti on ate o r o t h e r w i s e , s p eech w h et h e r f l o we r y o r s i m p le, m a nn e r s w h et h er u r b an o r r u r a l , m a n i f e s t u t m o st b e a u t y . E v e ry t h i n g in l i f e can b ec o m e b ea u t i f u l, r a d ia n t a n d a ff a b le i f a n d w h en it s p r i n g s fr o m t h e d i v i n e f oun tai nh ead in on e ' s o wn b ei ng . T h is i s p r ecisely w h at h a p p e n s t h r oug h NAMA S M A R AN a s a b y p r odu ct ( t houg h it is no t t h e a i m o f NA M A S M A R A N ) . NA M A S M A R AN AND H I S D E S IRE S udd e n ly in t h e N ew Ye a r c ele b r ati o n s t h e no ise c h a ng ed i n to w h i s p e r s a n d l ou d d i s c u s s i on s .

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T h e n e w s h ad ta k e n e v e ry bod y b y s u r p r ise. S o m e on e h ad no ticed G o d H i m se l f s i t ti n g o n a n ea r b y h i ll o c k . All o f t h e m a g r eed t h at t h is w a s a w o nd e r f u l oppo r t un ity a n d g r eat boo n to m eet H i m p e r s o n all y . As t h ey we r e a pp r o ac h i n g H i m ; s o m e on e s ai d ; “ W e a l wa y s p r ay a n d pu t f o r th ou r d e m a n d s a n d d e s i r e to G od ! B u t w on ’ t i t b e w i ser to a s k H i m ; His d e s i r e ? ” E v en t houg h it was unu s u al; u lt i m at e ly all a g r eed o n t h i s po i n t. As t h ey r eac h ed G od ; t h ey p r o s t r ated in f r on t o f H i m a n d s al u ted in t h eir d i ff e r e n t w a y s! As G o d a s k ed t h em to tell w h at t h e y wa n te d ; all o f t h e m un a n i m ou s l y s ai d ; “T h is t i m e; w e h a v e c o m e to f u l f i l l; N OT ou r d e s ir e; bu t YO U R d e s i r e ! G o d la ugh e d ! He s ai d ; “T h i nk i n g t h is wa y ; i s a g r e a t ac h ie v e m e n t ! Y o u h a v e c o m e cl o s er to m e ! Act u ally ‘ m y d e s i r e’ op e r at e s t h r oug h y o u as ‘ y ou r d e s i r e ’ ; e v en if y o u a r e un a wa r e o f it ! ! Y ou r a wa r e n e ss a n d c on c e r n a bou t ‘ m y d e s i r e ’ i s a l s o m y d e s i r e ! My d e s i r e i s s e l f s u ff icie n t a n d o m n i po te n t! I n s ta n t l y it b ec o m e s a r e alit y ! I n t h is New Ye a r a n d t h e y ea r s to c o m e ; t h e p r actice o f r e m e m b e r i n g m e i.e. r e m e m b e r i n g you r t r u e s e l f (cal le d j i k r a , j aa p , j a p , s u m i r a n , s i m a r a n , NAM A SM A R AN) w ou ld s p r ead in a l l t h e c on ti n e n t s , n a ti on s , p r ov i n ce s , cit i es, v illa g e s , h o m e s , i n s t it u ti on s , i ndu s t r i es , ho s p itals, f a r m s a n d e v e r y n oo k a n d c o r n e r . F u r t h e r ; t h i s p r act i ce w ou ld no t b e a i m e d at p et t y g ai n s ! I t w ou ld b e s e l f l e s s ! I t w ou ld b l o s s o m i n to ho li s t i c p e r s p ecti v e, po l i cies, p la n s a n d

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p r og r a m s a n d t h eir i m p l e m e n tati on ! T h e s p i r it u al i sm a n d m ate r ia l i s m , t h ei s m a n d at h e i sm w ou ld b e c u l m i n ated in ho li s tic re n ais s a n ce, s up e r li v i n g o r i nd i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i ng ! T h e p r o f und ity a n d p r o s p e r i t y w ou ld g o h a n d in h a nd ! I nd i v i du alism a n d s o cial i s m w ou ld b e c u l m i n ated i n ; S e l f r ealizati o n a n d SAMS H T I Y O G A ; r e s p ecti v e l y! ” T h e p e op le we r e t h r illed to h ear a l l t h i s ! H o we v e r ; on e o f t h e m , w h o w a s v e r y c u r i o u s to kno w; ho w t h is c ou ld h a pp e n ; a s k e d ; “ Bu t ho w w ou ld all t h is h a pp e n ? ” G o d s ai d ; “ 7 5 t r ill i o n cells un ite a n d li v e in un it y , c o m p le m e n ta r i t i e s a n d h a r m on y in h u m an bod y ! E v e r y cell p a r tici p at e s in i t s o wn well b ei n g a n d al s o t h e h o m e o s t a s i s i . e. w ell b e i n g o f t h e i nd i v i du al! I n t h i s s a m e wa y ; e v e r y i nd i v i du al; f r o m e v e r y n o o k a n d c o r n er o f t h e w o r l d ; w ou ld p a r tici p ate s i m u l ta n e ou s ly a n d i n s e p a r a b l y ; in h i s / h er o wn well b ei n g a s well a s t h at o f t h e un i v e r s e ! ” NA M A S M A R AN AND S O C I E T Y T o t a l s t r e ss m a n ag e m e n t , Deli g ht o f uni t y , G l o b a li z at i o n, M aa n G a n ga , S o lil o quy o f a m edia pe r s o n , M ay a Siddhi S t r ess T ec h n o l ogy , C a s t e s y s te m , Ja p, j aa p, j i kr a , s u m ir a n, s i m a r a n e t c TO T A L S T R E SS M A N A GEM E N T T o tal St r ess Ma n a g e m e n t (t o tal well b ei ng , ho li s tic h ea l t h , s up e r li v i n g o r ho li s tic r e n ais s a n c e) i n cl ud es ho li s tic p e r s p e cti v e, po lic i e s , p la n s, p r og r a m s a n d t h eir hon e s t i m p l e m e n t ati on . S o m e o f u s a r gu e t h at we (a n d o t h e r s) und e r g o s t r ess b e ca u s e o f ou r p a s t d ee d s ( ' poo r v a - s a n c h it' o r ' p r a r a bdh a'); a n d h e n ce we s hou ld acce p t

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s t r ess a s G od ’ s d e si r e a n d b e h a pp y . T h is l og ic i s a pp lied to t h e s o cial e v ils a s wel l . T h ey a s k ; can we b e h a pp y e v en i f a l l t h e m a te r ial n ee d s a r e g r a n te d ? C an t h e y g i v e t o tal f u l f il l m e n t o f l i f e? T h e a n swer i s “ W e m a y no t b e h a pp y ; a n d f u l f ille d ; m e r ely b y t h e m a t e r ial p le a s u r e s t h e m sel v es; un less; we a r e o r i e n ted t o ou r t r u e s el v e s .” A r e we no t unh a p p y b eca u s e o f ou r e go ? T h e a n swer i s ; “E g o is a r oo t ca u s e o f unh a pp i n e ss . B u t m a t e r ial n ee d s h a v e to b e op t i m a l ly f u l f ille d ; to e v e n t u ally t r a n s ce n d t h e e go .” I s n ’ t t h e w o r ld u n ch a n g e d ; e v en w h en s o m a n y g r eat p e op le t o iled f o r its i m p r ov e m e n t in t h e p a s t? A r e n ’ t s u ch e ff o r t s u s el e ss a n d f u tile? T h e a n swer i s ; “ I t i s t r u e t h at t h e w o r l d a pp ea r s ‘ un c h a ng e d ’ b eca u s e; ou r v i s i o n is s till s h ac k led in ou r o wn b i o l og ical l i m i t a t i on s . B u t a s a n d w h en we t r a n s c e n d t h e s e l i m i tati on s ; we ‘ s e e ’ t h e b e n e v o le n ce o f t h e g r eat p e op le a n d t h eir e ff o r t s n o m o r e a pp ear f u til e ! ” W h at i s t h e u s e o f s u ch e f f o r t s ; i f we h a v e to lea v e e v e r y t h i ng ; w h en we d ie? T h e a n swer i s ; “T h e r e i s n o ‘ u s e ’ ; i f we l oo k at T o tal S t r ess Ma n a g e m e n t; with g r ee d , f o r p r o f i t , f o r m a t e r ial b e n e f it in a u tilita r ian m a nn e r ; li k e m o r ta l b e gg a r s ! B u t T o t al St r e ss Ma n a g e m e n t i t s e l f b ec o m e s a s ou r ce o f a m b r o s ia f o r o n e a n d all; a s we s t e a d ily e xp e r ie n ce

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ou r o wn i m m o r tal s e l f! ” Ma n y o f u s ; b ec o m e e i t h er t h e v ict i m s o r t h e ca u s e s o f S T R E S S; e v en a s ; t h ey a r e well m ea n i ng , po lite, g e n tle, c h a r i t a b le, i nno ce n t, hon e s t a n d goo d in g e n e r al! F o r o t h e r s ; T o tal S t r e s s M a n a g e m e n t is an e s se n tial a n d ho li s tic e xp r es s i on ; o f t h e e m po we r m e n t a n d e n li gh te n m e n t o f NAM A SM A R AN; in p e r s on al, f a m i l y , o cc up ati on al a n d s o cial l i f e; l i k e ox y g e n , w h ich t h ey b r eat h e; wit hou t a n y e xp ectati on s a n d qu e s ti on s ! T h ey s a y ; " I f t h e s o cial p r ob l e m s a r e du e to poo r va - s a n c h it o r p r a r a bdh a, t h e n ; ou r e f f o r t s to s o l v e t h e m , i m pu l s i v e l y a n d c o m pu l s i v e l y ; i s ou r poo r va - s a n c h it o r p r a r a bdh a! T h e y sa y ; " T o tal S t r e ss M a n a g e m e n t" i s an i n e v ita b le p a r t o f t h eir e s s e n tial d ai l y r ou ti n e ! " I n te r e s ti ng l y ; t h o se p r actici ng , p r o m o ti n g a n d p r op a g a t i n g NAM A SM A R AN; as well a s ; t ho se n o t do i n g s o ; act u ally p a r t i ci p ate i n ; T o tal St r ess Ma n a g e m e n t (t o tal well b ei ng , ho li s tic h ea l t h , s up e r li v i n g o r ho li s tic r e n ais s a n c e); b y c on t r i bu ti n g ; t h e f e r vo r , m o t i v ati o n a n d d r i v i n g f o r ce; a n d a n a l y ti c al, op e r ati on al a n d tec hno l og ical s k ill s ; r e s p ecti v el y . D EL I G H T O F U NI T Y Ma n y o f u s a r e c o nv i n ced t h at NA M ASM A R AN ta k e s u s fr o m s ub j e cti v it y ; to ob jecti v it y , to t h e r oo t a n d s eed o f un i v e r s e a n d to i m m o r tali t y ! H o w e v er m a n y o f u s qu e s ti o n a bou t its un i qu e n e s s, s up r e m a c y ; a n d i t s i n s i s te n ce a n d g e n e r alizati on . T hu s ; s o m e o f u s f eel t h at t h e r e a r e m a n y p e op le w h o d o no t p r ac t ice NAM A SM A R AN; y et se r v e t h e un i v e r se in d i ff e r e n t w a y s e . g . t h r ough ; s cie n t i f ic a n d tec h no l og ical r e s e a r ch a n d s o cial s e r v ice. S o m e o f u s f eel

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t h at; c on s i d e r ati o n o f t h e m e r it o f o t h er w a y s o f s e l f r ea l izati on ; is a l s o i m p o r ta n t. I t i s t r u e t h at t h e cr e ati v e g e n i u s e s in d i ff e r e n t f iel d s c on t r i bu te to t h e un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i n g wit hou t p r actici n g NAMA S M A R A N . W h et h er a p e r s o n i s c r eati v e g e n i u s o r no t, w h e t h er h e/ s h e i s h a pp y a n d f u l f i l led o r no t, w h et h er t h eir c on t r i bu ti o n h as r e ally h el p ed t h e un i v e r s e b l o s s o m o r no t; is j udg ed b y u s ! T h e s e a r e ou r s u b j ecti v e op i n i on s . T h e s e a r e a r e b ased o n a pp ea r a n ce s . T h e s e a r e no t a b s o l u te t r u t h . . Bu t it is t h e y ; w h o h a v e to e xp r ess i f o r no t t h e y re ac h ed t h e f i n al d e sti n ati o n v iz. t h e e xp e r ie n ce o f i m mo r tality ( AM R U T A N U B H A VA); li k e Sai n t D n y a n e s hv a r . As f a r a s t h e m e r it o f t h e o t h er w a y s o f s e l f r eal i zati o n i s c on ce r n e d ; it i s f o r t ho s e w h o h a v e e xp e r ie n ced i m m o r tality o r a r e c onv i n ced to r each i m m o r tali t y t h r oug h t ho s e w a y s ; c an p r each t h e m . F o r u s , w h o a r e c o nv i n ced a bou t NAMA S M A R AN a n d its s c op e a n d po te n tial; it is f a i r t o p r actice NA MA SM A R A N s tea d f a s t l y a n d s h a r e ( no t p r eac h ) t h e v i s i on , c onv icti o n a nd / o r e xp e r ie n ce s ; with o t h e r s, wit hou t b ei n g c r itical a bou t t h e o t h er wa y s (a bou t w h ic h , we h a v e n o e xp e r ie n ce). B u t s u f f i ce it to f e el a n d e xp r es s ; t h a t u lt i m ate l y all w a y s c onv e r g e to t h e un i v e r s al h a r m on y a n d ete r n al r eali t y . NA M A S M A R AN AND I T S G L OB A L I Z A T I O N Di s c i ple: M a s t e r ; we don ’ t s ee a n y g r eat i m p r ov e m e n t i n ou r s el v e s , in s p ite o f p r actici n g NAM A SM A R AN. T hou s a nd s o f p e op le a pp a r e n tly no t p r actici n g N A MA S M A R AN a r e f ar b ett e r t h an u s n o t on ly in p r o s p e r i t y a n d po we r , bu t in b e h a v i o r a n d t h eir s e r v i c e to m a nk i n d a l s o .

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I f t h i s i s s o ; t h en w h at is t h e s e n se in t ry i n g to g l ob alize NAM A SM A R A N ? G uru : M y d e a r ! D on ’ t c o m p a r e y ou r s e l f with o t h e r s . F o r e x act c o m p a r i s o n we n e ed t h e s a m p l e s wi t h s a m e s p eci e s, s e x , a g e, o cc up ati o n etc; s o t h at t h e c o m p a r i s o n b ec o m e s m ea n i n g f u l. T ho se, wh o d o no t a pp a r e n tly p r a ctice NA M S A M A R A N ; bu t a r e “ b et t e r ”; c ou ld act u ally b e o r ie n ted o r c onn ected with N AM A in s o m e o t h er w a y ; o r t h ey m i gh t h a v e act u ally p r ac t iced N A MA S M A R A N; in t h eir p r e v i ou s li v es. M o r e ov er y ou r i m p r es s i o n t h at t h e y a r e b ett e r t h an y ou ; is a s ub jecti v e p e r ce p ti on . I t c ou l d b e d ece p ti v e. H e n ce; y o u s hou ld n o t c o m p a r e y ou r s e l v e s ; with o t h e r s . Y o u a r e o n r i gh t t r ack a n d a r e i m p r ov i ng ; t hou g h t h e i m p r ov e m e n t m a y no t b e as p e r y ou r e xp ec t ati on s ; o r to y ou r s at i s f acti on ! I f y ou r e ff o r t s to g l ob alize NA M A SM A R AN; a r e a du lte r ated with c ond e s ce nd i n g attit ud e to “ i m p r ov e o t h e r s ” , o r i m p r ov e t h e w o r ld a s p er y ou r v i s i on , t h en yo u a r e boun d to b e in a ngu i s h ! Y o u a r e s u r e to b e t r a pp ed in s e l f doub t s , un ce r t ai n ty a n d d i ff i d e n ce; a bou t w h at y o u a r e do i n g ! Y o u a r e boun d to b e hu r t a n d fr u s t r ate d ; o r e v en f eel gu ilt y ! R e m e m b e r ; g l ob a l i zi n g NAM A SM A R A N i s a n d h a s to b e; as n at u r al a n d as c o n s e qu e n tial; a s t h e li gh t o f a l a m p ; o r t h e f r a g r a n ce o f a f l o we r ! I t h a s to b e w i th t h e und e r s ta nd i ng ; t h at N A MA i s al r e a d y g l ob al; un i v e r s al, c o s m ic a n d b e y on d t i m e; t hou g h ; its m a n i f e s t ati o n as NAM A SM A R AN; a n d its b e n e vo le n ce in o t h er f o r m s; m a n i f e s t at a pp r op r iate t i m e s a n d t h r ou g h a pp r o pr iate i nd i v i du al s ! T h is o f ten a pp ea r s ( o f c ou r s e e rr on e ou s l y ) to u s ; as “ ou r ac h ie v e m e n t”! Di s ci p le: T h a n k y o u M a s te r ! N o w I se e m to und e r s ta n d t h e r elati on s h ip b etween N A MA a n d NAMA S M A R AN a n d ou r r o l e ! ! NA M A S M A R AN AND M AAN G A N G A G O N D A V A L E

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Maan i s an a r ea; in t h e state o f Ma h ar a s h t r a , in I nd ia. T h e d i s t r ic t s ; s h a r i n g t h i s a r ea; a r e Sat a r a, S o la pu r a n d Sa ng li. G ond a v ale ( I nd ia, Ma h a r a s h t r a s tate, Sata r a d i s t r ict, M a an T al uk a) i s s u r r ound ed b y p laces s u ch a s D a h i v a d i, P u s e g a on , K o r e g a on , M h a s v a d , Aat p a d i, Sat a r a, P h alta n , M ai n i, Vi t a, a n d T a s g a on . I t i s a bou t 6 0 to 10 0 k m f r o m Sa ngo la, Pa ndh a r pu r , P un e, Sa ng li, Mi r a j a n d Ma h a b a l e s hv a r . I t can b e r eac h ed fr o m M u m b ai, P a nv el, V a s h i, New M u m b a i , L on a v la, a n d T h a n e; b y r o a d ; in a bou t 5 to 7 hou r s b y e xp r e ss h i gh wa y . Milli on s a m ong s t u s v i s it G ond a v ale with i n e xp lica b le a n d u t m o s t att r acti on , l ov e, d e vo ti on , d e d icati on , r e v e r e n ce a n d i nn ate p iet y ; t o wa r d s t h e i n ca r n ati o n o f u lt i m ate t r u th v iz. Sa dgu r u S h r i B r a h m ac h aita n y a Ma h a r a j G ond a v ale k a r . Ma n y o f u s p a r tic i p ate in t h e d aily a c ti v ities (c ondu ci v e to i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i n g ) called N I T Y OPAS A NA ( n it y a = on e w h ich c on ti nu es un i n te rr up ted a n d up a s a n a m e a n s g etti n g n ea r er to G o d o r t r u t h ). S o m e o f u s a r e i nvo l v ed in d aily m ai n te n a n ce a n d m a n a g e m e n t; w h ile o t h e r s a r e a c ti v e in p r og r a m s s u ch as ANNA D A N ( s e r v i n g b les s ed f oo d i. e . P R A S AD) a n d GO S E VA a n d GO G R A S (c a r i n g a n d f ee d i n g t h e c o ws). All t h e s e ac t i v ities a r e c o m m e nd a b le! W e s al u te t h e r e v e r e n ce with u t m o s t r e s p ect. B u t in s p ite o f all t h i s ; t h e p li gh t o f t h e r i v er M a an Ga ng a, w h e r e S h r i G ond a v ale k ar M a h a r aj s p e n t h is c h i l dho o d ; b r i ng s tea r s in ou r e y es! T h e m i se r a b le a n d p at h etic c ond iti o n o f Maan Ga ng a o n t h e b a nk s o f w h ic h ; G ond a v ale k ar M a h a r aj p la y ed du r i n g His c h il dhood , h u r ts a n d d i s t u r b s d eep i n s i d e! A f eeli n g o f gu ilt c r ee p s in t h e m i n d p r o m p ti n g t h at; n e g lecti n g Maa ng a ng a a m oun ts t o ; d i s r e g a r d i n g ou r o wn r e v e r e n ce t o wa r d s S h r i

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G ond a v ale k ar M a h a r aj! T h is i s e s p e cially s o o n t h e b a c kg r oun d t h at t h e a r ea a r oun d G ond a v ale; is d r ough t a f f ected a n d t h e i m p o r ta n ce o f h ealt h y r i v e r ca n n o t b e ov e r e m ph a s i ze d ! I t i s hop ed t h at N A MA S M A R AN w o u ld i n s p i r e a n d m o ti v ate ou r c on s cie n ce, w i s do m , t ale n ts, e x p e r t i se, m a n a g i n g ca p acit y , t ec hn ical s k il l s , a n d c oo r d i n ati o n a m ong s t m a n y ; to s t a r t a n d e xp e d ite t h e act u al p r o cess o f h eali n g a n d r e v i v al o f M o t h er M a a ng a ng a! I t is hop ed t h at a s a r e s u lt M o t h er M aa ng a ng a w ou ld n u r t u r e u s wit h ; no t on ly wat e r bu t t h e s p i r it u al n ectar f o r c e n t u r ies to c o m e a n d r e g e n e r ate a n d r e j uv e n ate u s ! NA M A S M A R AN AND S OL I L O U Q Y O F A ME DIA P E R S O N I f I ; a m e d ia p e r s on ; we r e to i n t r o s p e ct hon e s tl y ; t h en I w ou ld m a k e t h e f o ll o wi n g s tat e m e n t s . T h e m e d ia h a s to b e r eal i s t i c. R e ality t r a n s c e nd s w h at m e r ely a pp ea r s . R eali t y e m bod ies t h e un s een und e r c u rr e n t s o f b l o s s o m i n g f u t u r e; a m i d s t w h at is a pp a r e n t, c on f u s i ng , d e p r e s s i n g o r m a dd e n i ng ! Me d ia h a s to e xp r ess e xp licit l y a n d c onv i n ci n g l y ; t h e r ealiz a ti o n o f t h e s ub l i m e a s p i r ati o n s o f t h e p e op le o f t h e w o r l d . B u t t h i s i s no t e a s y . W e t h e m e d ia p e op le; li k e all o t h e r s ; a r e u s u al l y d r a gg ed b y ou r i n sti n ct s , p as s i on s, t e m p t ati on s , v e s t ed i n te r e s t s, p r es s u r e s a n d s o o n . W e a r e m o r e li k ely to g et e n a m o re d b y t h e g l a m ou r a n d g litte r ; a s w e a r e al w a y s ex po s ed to it! W e a r e i m p r es s ed a n d a dv e r s e l y i n f l u e n ced b y t h e p e op le, t h eir wea kn es s e s , t h eir f alli b ility a n d t h eir v al u es b a s ed o n s u p e r f iciali t y a n d p etti n es s . I n t u r n ; we m ay a l s o ; b e i n f l u e n ci n g t h e m a d v e r s e l y ; with ou r v al u e s !

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As a re s u lt; we s p r ead t h e wea kn e s s e s a n d w ea k e n i n g a n d p e r v e r ti n g v al u es t h r oug h p o we r f u l m e d ia to r e s t o f t h e s o cie t y , t h e r ea d e r s, t h e li s te n e r s a n d t h e v i ewe r s ! I n f act we; t h e m e d ia p e op le; s e e m t o b e ca ugh t in t h e un e nd i n g p r es s u r e s o f t h e g la m ou r , g litt e r , p et t y po liti c s ; oppo r t un is m ; a n d po we r , nu i s a n ce v al u e, c yn ici s m , p e r s on al te m p t ati on s a n d s o o n . W e s e e m to l o s e t h e v i s i o n o f b l o s s o m i ng ; o f ou r o wn a n d t h at o f t h e m a nk i nd , in t h e c ou r s e o f ou r j ob ! W e s ee m to g et d e g e n e r ated in t h at se n s e! B u t it i s i m po r ta n t to n o te t h at e v e ry o n e i n cl ud i n g u s , t h e m e d ia p e op le; w h o a r e s h r oud ed b y t h e f o r c e s o f d e g e n e r ati on ; h a v e a d e f i n ite a n d r eal i s tic hop e! T h is r eal i s tic hop e c o m e s fr o m N AM ASM A R AN, w h i c h is r e m e m b e r i n g ou r t r u e se l f . N A MA S M A R AN can p r o t e ct u s ; t h e m e d i a p e r s on s ; j u s t a s e v e ry on e e l s e; fr o m t h e d i s t u r b i n g a n d st up e fy i n g ill u s i on s a n d d el u si on s c r e ated b y r a p i d ly c h a ng i n g e nv i r o n m e n t i n s i d e a n d ou t s i d e! NA M A S M A R A N , M AY A , S I D D HI , S T R E SS A N D T E C H N OL O G Y T ec hno l og y h as m a d e m a n y t h i ng s , t hou g h t to b e i m p o s s i b le in t h e p a s t; ea s i l y p o s si b le! I n c o m m o n l a ngu a g e t h e s e tec hno l o g ical f e a t s c ou ld b e c on cei v ed a n d a pp r eciated a s e x t r a o r d i n a r y a c h ie v e m e n t s . I n s p i r it u al t r a d iti o n s u ch ac h ie v e m e n t s (t h o ug h t h r o u g h d i f f er e n t m ea n s a n d w a y s ) a r e called S I DD H I S. A D W A I T A ph il osoph y r e f e r s to t h e i n te r n al a n d e x te r n a l un i v e r s e a s MAYA o r M I T H Y A, to i nd icate a n d c onv ey its c h a ng i ng , f leeti n g a n d

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h e n ce d ece p ti v e n at u r e. I c on cei v e M AYA a s r el a ti v e r e ality as d i s ti ngu i s h ed f r o m a b s o l u te. T ec hno l og y v ali d ates t h is p er s p ecti v e in m a n y w a y s . I t i s t h r oug h tec hno l og y ( m od e r n s i d dh i s ) t h at we r eali z e t h at; o n t h e on e h a nd ; w h at we ‘ s e e a s r eali t y ’ in t h e i m m e d i ate v ici n i t y with n a k ed e y e s ; is on ly ‘ a pp a r e n t ’ ; w h at we ‘ don ’ t se e ’ e. g . elec t r o m a gn e tic r a d iati on s i s a ‘ r eali t y , w h ich i s no t a pp a r e n t ’ . T h e t r a ns m i ss i o n o f n e w s o n t h e n e w s c h a nn els o f elec tr on ic m e d ia; v ali d ates with g r e a t i m p ac t , t h at e v er y s it u ati on , e v e r y p e r s on , e v e r y s u cc e ss o r f ail u r e a n d e v e r y m o m e n t, a r e e ph e m e r a l , t ra n s ie n t a n d f l eeti ng ! T h e i n te r n et h i gh li gh ts t h e f a c t, w h i c h is no t a pp r ec i a b le to o t h e r w i s e i n telli g e n t m i nd ; t h at m illi o n s o f p e o p le a r e r ea d i n g a n d t h i nk i n g a bou t w h at is up l o a d e d ; a n d m illi on s o f p e op le a r e e ng a g ed i n d i ff e r e n t acti v ities b e n e f ici a l o r h a r m f u l to m a nk i nd . I t i s ho we v er n ec e s s a r y to a pp r eciat e ; t h at w h ate v er i s a pp a r e n t t h r oug h tec hno l og y is a l s o f l eeti n g a n d s up e rf icial. I n o t h er w o r d s , it i s a l s o ; r elati v e r eali t y a n d no t a b s o l u te! I n f ac t , m y h y po t h e s i s i s ; tec hno l og y can c r ea t e; ill u s i on s , d el u s i on s, h all u ci n at o r y e ff e c t s ; l ea d i n g to p leasa n t a n d unp lea s a n t f eeli ng s, e l ati o n a n d d e p r es s i o n a n d al s o sc h iz o id a n d m u l t i p le p e r s on ali t y li k e b e h a v i o r . T h is i s du e to t h e l a r g er t h an l i f e a n d h e n ce un r eali s t i c p r ese n tati o n o f m ov i e s, s e r i a l s , r e a lity s ho w s , a dv e r t i s e m e n t s a n d e v en n ews a n d o t h er r e po r ts! T h e tec hno l og ical f ea t s ( s i ddh is) t hu s can unv eil t h e M AYA o n t h e on e h a n d a n d c r eate f ar m o r e ill u s o r y , d e c e p ti v e a n d d e s t r u c t i v e “ r e p licati on s o f M AYA” o n t h e o t h e r !

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W h at i s a b s o l u te? W e f i n d u lt i m ate c u l m i n ati o n o f ou r l i f e in t h e a b s o l u te o r c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s . I t i s in t h i s c os m ic c o n s ci ou s n e ss t h at w e e xp e r ie n ce t h e u lt i m ate o f b liss, p eace, a n d h a r m ony ; a n d t h e w a y to t h is “a b s o l u te” i s NAM A S M R A N! W e s hou ld no t b elie v e a n d acce p t o r d i s b elie v e a n d d i s ca r d t h i s b li nd l y ; bu t v e r i f y t h is c o nv icti on ; o n t h e b as i s o f e x te n s i v e s t ud y , d i s c u s s i on , c on t e m p lati o n a n d m o s t i m po r ta n t l y , t h e p r actic e ! NA M A S M A R AN AND CA S T E S Y S TE M Me r e l y b el ong i n g to d i ff e r e n t c a s t e s , d i ff e r e n t r eli g i on s , o r m e r e l y f o ll o wi n g c e r tain c u s t o m s, w h ich a r e r unn i n g t h r o u g h t h e g e n e r ati on s in a f a m i l y a n d a c o m m un i t y ; do e s no t m a k e u s d i s c r i m i n at o ry , un j u s t, p r e j ud iced a n d c o m m u n al; a n d do es no t p r odu ce S T R E SS o f c o m m un al i s m ! Acc o r d i n g to t h e w o r ld boo k d icti o n a r y , c o m m un al i sm r e f e r s to s e l f - gov e r n a n ce o f a c o m m u n e o r c o m m u n es a n d t h i s i s a k i n d o f f e d e r al i s m . C o m m u n al m ea n s r elated to c o m m u n e. I n Sa n s k r it t h e r e i s a S U B HAS H IT A P I N D E P I N D E M A TI H B H I NN A H KUN D E K UN D E NAV A M P AYAH J A T O J A T O NA V A C H A R AH NAVA VA N E E M UKHE M UK H E T h e m e a n i n g o f t h is SU B HA S H I T A i s s i m p le a n d e n li g h te n i ng . I t boo s ts t h e s p i r i t o f t o le r a n ce. I t i m p l i es, e v e r y i nd i v i du al h as d i f f er e n t i n tellect u al ca p acit y , e v e r y s ou r ce o f wat e r c o n tai n s wa t er with d i ff e r e n t c h a r a c te r i stics a n d

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c o m p o s iti on , e v e r y c o m m un i t y h a s d i ff e r e n t t r a d iti on ; a n d d i f f e r e n t li ngu i s tic e xp r e s s i o n is p r e s e n t in e v e r y i nd i v i du al m o u t h ! B u t in I nd ia t h i s w o r d h as d i ff e r e n t c onno tati o n . I n I nd ia, c o m m u n al i sm i m p l i e s d i s p r opo r ti on ate p r i d e, c on ce r n a bou t on e ’ s c a s t e , t r i b e, r eli g i o n o r a n y s u ch g r ou p a n d d i s p r opo r ti on ate c on t e m p t, h a t r e d a n d p r e j ud ice a bou t t ho s e o f o t h e r s. T h is i s a l m o s t al w a y s a s s o ciated wi t h p r actic e s h a r m f u l to o t h e r s. C o m m u n al i sm h a s b ec o m e an e v e r y d ay p r ob l e m . I t h a s i n f il t r ated e v e r y walk a n d e v e r y s t r at u m o f l i f e; l i k e a ca n ce r . T hu s d i f f er e n t po litical p a r ties, v a r i eti e s o f un i on s , v a r i ou s o r g a n izati on s; a n d a s s o ciati on s a r e d i s e a s ed with c o m m un al i s m . S i m ila r l y , po lici e s r e g a r d i n g e m p l o y m e n t , p r o m o ti on s, a d m i s s i o n to d i f f e r e n t e d u cati on al ca r e e r s, c o m p e t iti v e e x a m i n ati on s in a l m o s t e v e r y s ph e r e o f li f e h a v e b e en i n f il t r ated b y c o m m un al i s m . T o und e r s ta n d a n d ov e r c o m e t h e m e n ace o f c o m m un al i sm a n d b r i n g a bou t h a r m o n y a n d j u s tice in s o cie t y e ff ecti v el y ; we h a v e to und e r s ta n d t h e caste s y s t e m a n d t h e c a s te s p ec i f i c j o b d i s t r i bu ti o n t h at h as c o m e i n to e x i s te n ce a n d r e m a i n ed f o r ce n t u r i e s . T h e c a s te s y s t e m i n I nd ia w a s e vo l v ed o n t h e ph y s i o l og ical p r i n ci p le o f h o m e o s t a s i s w h e r e m a n y d i ff e r e n t t yp e o f cel l s p er f o r m d i ff e r e n t f un cti on s s o a s to m a i n tain c o n s t a n cy o f i n t e r n al e nv i r o n m e n t a n d t h e r e b y h ealth o f t h e o r g a n is m . I t w a s b a s ed o n t h e p r i n ci p le o f a v a r ie t y , c o m p l e m e n t a r ity a n d h a r m o n y in n a t u r e. T h u s t h e e m er g e n ce o f c a s te s y st e m w a s b a s ed o n t h e ob s e r v ati o n t h at n eit h er in bod y no r in n at u r e t h e i nd i v i du al c o m pon e n ts p e r f o r m t h e s a m e w o r k o r j ob . I n f act t h i s k i n d o f “ e qu ali t y ” is d a ng e r ou s. C o m p l e m e n ta r i t y o f c o m pon e n t s i s

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i m p o r ta n t a n d c ondu ci v e to h ealt h . T h is e n tailed d i s t r i b u ti o n o f d i ff e r e n t j ob s. T h i s d i s t r i bu t i o n o f t h e j o b s i n it i ally d e p e n d ed o n t h e ca p acit y . H o we v er t h e d i s t r i bu ti o n o f j ob s g r a d u ally b ec a m e i nd e p e nd e n t o f t h e ca p acity a n d s t a r t e d d e p e nd i n g o n o n e ’ s c a s t e . H o w c ou ld h a v e t h is h a pp e n e d ? I t a pp ea r s w a s b e c a u s e o f t h e ob s e r v ati on ; t h at t h e t i ss u es p er f o r m i n g a p a r tic u lar f un cti o n in bod y ; g i v e r ise t o t h e cel l s with t h e s a m e f un cti on s . Sec ond l y ; t h e r e is h e r e d ity in n at u r e . T h e m a ng o t r ee g i v es m a ng o f r u i t s , b a n a n a t r ee g i v e s b a n a n a a n d c o c on u t t r ee g i v es c o c on u t s . T h e o ff s p r i n g o f a ti g er i s a t i g er a n d o ff s p r i n g o f a cat i s a cat. T hu s t h e f act t h e t i ss u e s g i v e r i s e to d a ugh ter cel l s p e r f o r m i n g t h e s a m e f un cti o n a n d t h e p la n ts a n d a n i m a l s r e p r odu ce t h eir o wn r e p lica s ; w a s p r ob a b ly e x t r a po lated to t h e h u m an s o ci e t y . I t m u s t h a v e b een t hou g h t t h at s u ch h e r e d ity m u s t b e w o r kin g in h u m an b ei ng s a l s o . I n f ac t , s u ch e x t r a po lati o n m u s t h a v e b een bu tt r es s ed b y t h e ob s e r v ati on s t h at c h il d r en d o ca r r y t h e t r ai t s o f t h eir p a r e n ts w h ich m a y i n cl ud e, f r o m m a t h e m ati c al tale n t s to m u s i cal s k il l s , b e s i d es phy s ical c on s tit u ti o n a n d l ook s . In f act e v en t od ay we u s e e xp r e s s i on s s u ch a s “T h e r e i s m u s ic in h is b l ood ”, “ T h e r e is a cti n g in h is b l o od ” “ T h e r e i s bu s i n ess in h i s b l o od ” a n d s o on . T h e s e e xp r es s i o n s a r e b a s ed o n ob s e r v ati on s o f c e n t u r ie s . So e v e r y c o m m un ity w a s s ee n o r p e r cei v ed a s a p a r tic u lar o r g an o r tis s u e, w h ich w ou ld g i v e r i s e to s p ec i f ic t y p e o f cell s ; a n d s u b s e r v e t h e h o m e o s t a s i s i n t h e o r g a n i s m v iz. ho li s tic we l f a r e o r b l o s s o m i n g o f t h e m a nk i nd ! T h e s ec on d r e a s o n f o r t h i s c h a ng e m u s t h a v e b een du e on e o f t h e m o s t p r e v ale n t c on ce p ts v iz. K A R MA P H A L A S I D DHA NT A. I n M a r at h i

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t h is i s e xp r e s s ed as K A R A V E T A S E B H A R A V E . I n E n g li s h t h is i s e xp r es s ed t h r oug h “ A s y o u s o w, s o yo u r ea p ”. T h i s c on ce p t g i v es a b asis f o r w h y a p a r tic u l a r c h ild i s bo r n in a p a r tic u lar c o m m u n ity o r c a s te. T h is l ed to t h e no ti o n t h at t ho s e w h o a r e bo r n in a p a r ti c u lar c a s te a r e bo r n acc o r d i n g t h eir d ee d s in t h e p a s t l i f e. T h i s le n t a c o n ce p t u al f ound ati o n f o r t h e s ta b ili t y a n d c on ti nu a n ce o f t h e c a s te d e p e nd e n t j o b d i s t r i bu ti on . So e v e r y i nd i v i du al in a p a r tic u l a r c o m m u n it y , c a s te, s u b ca s t e ; w a s c on cei v ed as a p a r t i c u lar i nd i v i d u al cell in a tis s u e; b e s t s u ited f o r t h e f un c t i o n o f t h at t is s u e. N o w it can b e a pp r eciated w h y t h e r e we r e r e s t r i cti on s o n all t h e c o m m un iti e s (a n a l ogou s to o r g a n s o r tis s u e s ) to d o a p a r tic u lar j ob . O bv i ou s ly t h i s w a s to ac h ie v e s o cial ho m e o s t a s i s (a n al ogou s to h o m e o s t a s i s in an o r g a n is m ). C l ea r l y t h is w a s to a vo id c o m p e t iti o n b a s ed o n p etty se l f i s hn ess a n d un a b ated p e r s on al a m b it i on s , w h ich c ou l d , j e op a r d ize t h e we l f a r e o f a s o c iety ( a n al ogou s to e nd a ng e r i n g t h e h o m e o s t a s i s a n d l i f e o f an o r g a n i s m b eca u s e o f d i f f e r e n t tis s u e s c o m p e t i n g to p e r f o r m t h e s a m e f un ct i on s ). T h e c a s te s y s t e m a l s o h ad on e m o r e a n d i m po r ta n t a s p e c t a n d t h at w a s pun i s h m e n t at l o c a l le v el. T h is pun i s h m e n t d e p e nd ed o n t h e n at u r e o f “ c r i m e” o r “ s i n ” a n d t h e v e r d ict o f t h e t r a d iti on al b eli e f s , c onv e n ti on s a n d c on s e n s u s . T h is p a r tic u lar s y s t e m i n cl ude d t h e pun i s h m e n t o f ou t ca s ti n g i . e. o s t r a ci z i ng . O u t c a s ti n g m ea n s ; r e m ov i n g ou t o f t h e c o m m un it y . T h e p e r s o n o r a f a m i l y c ou ld no t li v e i n ; a n d g et a n y f aciliti e s fr o m t h e i r c o m m un i t y . T h er e w a s t o tal non c o o p e r ati on . T h i s was a k i n d o f i m p o s iti o n o f s a n cti on s. T ho s e w h o we r e ou t ca s t ed we r e c ond e m n ed to li v e a s t h e ou tca s te. T h i s

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s y st e m o f g i v i n g “ j u s tice” b y c o n s e n s u s ; a pp a r e n t l y d id no t h a v e a n y p r ov i s i o n f o r t h e u p wa r d t r a ff ic o f t h e ou t c a s ted “ l o w e r ” c a s t e s, w h o act u ally we r e no t m e r e ly t h e c onqu e r e d p e op le o r s la v e s . T h e y i n cl ud ed t h e “ upp e r ” c a s t e s i nd i v i du als a n d f a m i li e s , w h ich h ad t o e n ter i n to “ l o w e r ” ca s t e s b e c a u s e o f w h at w a s t h en c on s i d e r ed a “c r i m e ”. H o we v er on e do es no t kno w with c e r tai n ty w h et h er t h e r e w e r e a n y w a y s o f a b s o l v i n g fr o m t h o s e s o c alled “ c r i m e s ” a n d p r o m o t i n g to “ upp er ca s t e s”. I t i s w ell kno wn in I nd ia t h at t h e f at h er a n d m o t h er o f t h e w o r ld f a m ou s s ai n t o f 12 th ce n t u ry , s ai n t D n y a n e s h v ar we r e ou t c a s t e d a n d f o r ced to c o m m it s u ici d e; f o r t h eir “c r i m e” o f g o i n g a g ai n s t t h e t h en p r e v ale n t c od e o f c ondu ct. T od ay m o s t o f t h e s e “c r i m e s ” m a y n o t b e c on s i d e r ed a s c r i m e s , b l und e r s o r e v en m i s ta k e s ; b eca u s e o f t h e i nd i v i du alis m , s up e r f i c ialit y , p etti n ess as well as i d e a s o f ( r i gh t a s w e ll a s w r ong ) fr ee d o m . I t a pp ea r s t h at t h ese c a s t e s , w h ich w e r e f o r ced to li v e ou t s i d e t h e v illa g e s , we r e d ec l a r ed un t ou c h a b le. D u e to t h e s a m e n o ti o n o f h e r e d i t y , w h ich c on s o li d ated ca s te s y s te m , t h e ir p r og e n y w as a l so c on s i d e r ed i n f e r i o r a n d f o r ced to s t ay ou t o f t h e v illa g e bo r d e r , w a s m ad e to acce p t d i r ty j ob s a n d w a s d ecla r ed un t ou c h a b le. T h i s i s w h y ; m a n y v illa g es in I nd ia u s ed to h a v e a n d s till h a v e; in m a n y r e g i on s, t h e f o r m e r ly un t ou c h a b le p e op l e s t a y i n g b e y on d t h e bound a r ies o f t h e v illa g e s . T h e c a s te s y s t e m a s s u c h ; h a s b een p ri m a r i l y ; a r e s u lt o f all t h at h a s b een s aid a bov e a n d po s s i b ly s o m e o t h er f a ct o r s. B u t it w a s n o t a c on s p i r a c y . H o we v e r ; it b ec a m e un j u st a n d p e r v e r te d ; t h r oug h t h e s ub s e qu e n t i n f l u e n ce o f m a n y o t h er f act o r s s u ch as v e s ted i n t e r e s t s , m i s u s e o f

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c u lt u r al s up e r i o r ity a n d a u t ho r it y , e m o ti on al b lac k m ail i ng , e xp l o itati o n o f gu lli b ilit y , r eli g i ou s p e r s ec u ti on s , ou t r i gh t s a d i s m , b r u talit y , f o r ei g n i nv a s i on s , f o r ci b le c onv e r s i on s , f e a r o f t h e unkno w n , f e a r o f t h e s o cie t y , etc. T h e t h e o r y t h at c a ste s y s t e m w a s a c on s p i r a c y ; c a n p r e j ud ice a n d m i slea d ; t h e y oun g a n d i nno ce n t p e o p le; a n d can c r eate d i v i s i on , h at r ed a n d s t r i f e; a m ong s t d i ff e r e n t c a s t e s . I t can g e n e r ate a n d a gg r a v ate t h e v i nd icti v e attit ud e o f v e ng ea n ce a m o ng s t s o m e a n d t h e m o r b id se n s e o f gu ilt in t h e o t h e r s . B u t s i n ce c o n s p i r a cy t h e o r y do e s no t g o to t h e r oo t ca u s e; it ca nno t s o l v e t h e bu r n i n g p ro b l e m s o f t h e b illi on s . I n f act t h is h as b een v i nd icat e d b y t h e t u r bu le n t h i s t o r y o f m a n y ad ho c m e a s u r e s ; s u ch a s ; r e s e r v ati o n s a n d o t h er c a s t e - ca s te i n te r a cti on s i n I nd ia in l a s t s e v e r al d eca d e s . T h e f act t h at t h e c a s te s y s t e m d id n o t d e v el o p as c on s p i r acy can b e clea r l y e v i d e n t i f f o ll o wi n g po i n ts a r e c on s i d e r e d . 1 ) C a s t e s y s te m to b e t h e c on s p i r a c y h as no t p r i m a r i l y b een a r e s u lt o f po litical wa r s o r r e li g i ou s wa r s a l s o . T h e s ub s e qu e n t i n f l u e n ce o f s u ch f act o r s ; ho we v e r ; c a nno t b e e n ti r ely d e n ie d . 2 ) P o litical, d ictat o r ial, opp r e s s i v e, e xp l o itati v e r e a s on s a pp ear t o o s i m p l i s t i c to e xp la i n t h e ph e n o m e no n o f c a s te i s m a n d un t ou c h a b ilit y , w h ich h as s p r e ad a ll ov er I nd ia a n d in e v e r y noo k a n d c o r n er o f e v en t h e i n te r i o r m o s t p a r t s o f c oun t r y (w h ich we r e r u led b y e x t re m e l y d i ff e r e n t r u le r s with e x t r e m ely d i v e r s e b ac kg r ound s ). 3 ) C a s t e s y s te m h a s no t b een a c on s p i r ac y ; b eca u s e; it h as no t b een p r i m a r i ly a re s u lt o f wi nn er - l o s e r r ela t i on s h i p . I f t h at h ad b een t h e c a s e

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t h en t h e r e w ou ld n o t h a v e b een as m a n y r e s t r icti on s o n ce r tain “ upp e r ” ca s t e s a s h a v e b e e n t h e r e in I nd ia. 4 ) I f t h e r e h ad b e e n wi nn er l o s e r r el a ti on s h ip b etween t wo g r oup s t h en on e w ou ld h a v e f o un d f ai r l y un i f o r m c h a r acte r i s t ic s a m ong s t “ upp e r ” a n d “ l o w e r ” c a s te s. T h i s i s no t s o . E v e ry on e w ou ld a g r e e t h at t h e r e i s m e d i o c r i t y in s o c a lled “ upp e r ” c a s t e s a n d t h e r e e x cel l e n ce in s o called “ l o w e r ” ca s t e s . I n f act a l m o s t all t y p e s o f p e op le a r e se e n in all t h e ca s t e s. T h is a pp lies no t on ly to ca p a c ity bu t a l s o to m o r ality a n d s o cial c o m m i t m e n t. 5 ) T h e s k in c o m p l e x i o n o f t h e i nd i v i du als fr o m “ upp e r ” c a s t e s a n d “ l o w e r ” ca s t e s i s a l s o no t un i f o r m . T hu s “ upp e r ” c a s t e s a r e no t un i f o r m ly f a i r in c o m p le x i o n a n d t h e “ l o wer c a s t e s ” a r e no t un i f o r m ly d a r k in c o m p le x i on . 6 ) C a s t e s y s te m w as no t b a s ed o n e q u alit y . B u t it w a s b a s ic a lly a n d to s t a r t with no t b a s e d o n i n e qu alit y , i n j u s tice a n d e xp l o itati o n al s o . I t w as b a s ed on ; a s i s s aid ea r li e r ; t h e i n t e r p r etati o n o f h o m e o s t a s i s , h e r e d i t y a n d c o m p l e m e n t ar it y , a n d its e x t r a po lati o n to s o ci e t y , s o cial h a r m ony , s o cial s ta b ili t y , s o cial o r d er a n d op t i m al s o c i al b l o s s o m i n g in ho li s tic h ealt h . 7 ) I n t h e a n cie n t t i m e s; m o st o f t h e r u le r s a n d g r eat s c h o la r s we r e N OT B r a h m i n s a n d t h e s c r i p t u r es w e r e t h e p r odu cts o f g e n e r al c on s e n s u s a n d no t o f a c r e ati o n o f a p a r tic u l a r c o mm un it y . T h e s e s c r i p t u r e s (MANU S M R U T I , PA R ASH A R S M R U TI , VAS I S H T H A SM R U TI , N A R ADA S M R U T I , a n d Y A J N A V A L KYA S M R U T I ) we r e c o d es o f c ondu ct f o r d i ff e r e n t a g e g r oup s , d i f f e r e n t

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p r o f e s s i on a l s , a n d d i ff e r e n t m e m b e r s o f t h e f a m i l y et c ; a n d no t m e r e l y f o r “ l o w e r ” c a s te s . I t h a s to b e a pp r ec i ated t h at b eca u se o f t h is, e v en a s m o st o f t h e s ai n t s d id no t p r actice c a s te d i s c r i m i n ati on , r eli g i ou s d i s c r i m i n ati o n o r a n y o t h er k i n d o f d i s c r i m i n ati o n f o r t h at m a tt e r , t h e y d id no t c ond e m n o r alle g e t h e I nd ian sc r i p t u r e s with m al i ci ou s a n d v ici ou s i n te n ti on s . T h is w a s b eca u s e t h ey kn ew t h at b y c ond e m n i n g t h e m , t h e o ld wi s d o m o f s o cial h o m e o s t a s i s w ou ld b e l o s t a n d b y s uppo r ti n g a n d p r actici n g it; t h e e xp l o itati v e, c o e r ci v e a n d i nh u m a n el e m e n t w ou ld b e j u s t i f ied a n d w ou ld c on ti nu e. F o r t h is r e a s o n t h ey c ho s e t h e m i dd le wa y . T h e sai n ts d id no t m a k e a n y d i s r up ti v e a n d p r ov o cati v e alle g ati on s; b eca u s e t h ey kn ew t h at t h is c ou ld no t e r a d icate t h e e v ils o f c a s te s y s t e m . T he y kn ew t h e way f o r t h is w a s ; op e n i n g o f t h e f l oodg ates o f e n li gh te n m e n t a n d e m po we r m e n t f o r on e a n d all. T h i s i s w h y ; t h e y s p e n t t h eir li v e s in t ry i n g to op en t h e f l oodg ates o f e n li gh te n m e n t a n d e m p o we r m e n t f o r on e a n d all. F r o m t h e w o r k o f t h e s ai n t s it a pp ea r s t h at t h e s ai n t s h ad d ia gno s ed t h e f l aw in t h e c a s te s y s t e m ; a n d h e n ce f o r eseen a n d p r e d ic t e d ; t h e e n d o f ca s te s y s te m (wit h ou t l o s i n g t h e es s e n tial c on ce p t o f s o cial h o m e o s t a s i s ) t h r oug h g e n e r alized e n li gh te n m e n t a n d e m po we r m e n t; ir r e s p e cti v e o f ca s t e , r eli g i on , r e g i on . Act u ally t h is is o f p a r a m oun t i m p o r ta n ce a n d i n e v ita b le in a nn i h ilati o n o f c a s te s y st e m , t houg h it is n o t und e r s t oo d o r is n e g lecte d . T h e s ai n ts s u f f e r ed du r i n g t h eir l i f et i m e b eca u s e o f t h e h a r as s m e n t fr o m call ou s , r i g i d , o r t h odo x a n d i n h u m an c on s e r v ati v e el e m e n t s ; a n d ce n t u r ies a f t e r t h e i r d eat h ; s till c on ti n u e to b e m i s und e r st ood , m i s quo te d , c ond e m n ed a n d r i d ic u led b y m a n y m i s gu i d ed el e m e n t s!

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T h e m a j o r f l aw; in t h e c a s te s y s t e m t h at r e nd e r ed it e x t re m e l y e xp l o itati v e, c o e r c i v e a n d i nh u m a n ; i s t h e o m i s s i o n o r i g no r a n ce o f i) H u m an b ei ng s a r e d i ff e r e n t fr o m t i ss u e cel l s , m a ngo , c o c onu t, ti g er a n d cat; b y v i r t u e o f g r eater fr e e d o m a n d f l e x i b ility i i ) t i s s u e cel l s , m a ngo , c o c onu t, ti g er a n d cat d o no t h a v e t h e c ho ice a n d f r e e do m in h ealt h ; to t r a n s c e n d t h eir t i ss u e c h a r act e r i s tic, m a ng o - n es s , c o c onut - n es s , t i g e r - n ess a n d ca t - n ess. I n c on t r ast h u m an b ei ng s h a v e t h is po te n tial a n d h e n ce m u s t g et c h o ice a n d f r ee d o m t o t r a n s c e n d t h eir c a s te c h a r acte r i s t ic s , t h e p r o cess w h ich i s c alled e n li gh te n m e n t o r s e l f - r ealizati on . T h e s ai n ts s e e m to h a v e r ealized t h at t h e c h il d r en a r e no t o f t h e p a r e n t s (to g et e x act l y t h e s a m e c h a r act e r i s ti c s o r to b e b l a m ed f o r t h e “ s i n s” o f t h eir p a r e n t s ), bu t t h ey c o m e t h r oug h t h e p a r e n ts. T h e s ai n ts a l s o s e e m to h a v e r ealized t h at it i s a g r eat f a l lacy to c ond e m n s o m e on e as s i n f u l; m e r e l y b eca u s e o f b ei n g bo r n in a p a r tic u lar c a s te; a n d pun i s h h i m / h e r f o r t h e s o called si n s / c r i m e s o f t h e p a s t g e n e r ati on s o r p a s t li v es. T h e pu r po s e o f t h is a r ticle i s no t to g l o r i f y o r to c ond e m n a n y bod y , o r to d e s c r i b e t h e d etai l ed h i s t o r y o f c a s te s y st e m bu t on l y to i) c on ce p t u alize t h e t h e o r y o f t h e e m e r g e n ce o f c a s te s y st e m b ased o n t h e und e r s ta nd i n g o f phy s i o l og y a n d ii) h a v i n g gon e to t h e r oo t o f t h e c a s te s y s t e m a n d t h e m a in d ete r m i n a n t s o f t h e c a s te s y s t e m ; ta k e it to i t s l og ical e n d b y b l o ss o m i n g e v e ry b od y ; at i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al le v els i n e v e r y p o s s i b le wa y ! T h i s i m p li e s t h at e v e ry t h i n g c o e r ci v e in c a s te s y s t e m w ou ld c o m e to an e n d a n d t h e wi s d o m o f h a r m on y a n d c o m p l e m e n t a r y w ou ld c on ti nu e.

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I f w e w i s h to c onqu er t h e s t r e ss r e s u l ti n g fr o m ca s te s y st e m ; th en we h a v e to lea r n t h e r oo t ca u s e s o f its d e v el o p m e n t a n d f u n cti on i n g as i s d e s c r i b ed a bov e. S ec ond l y ; we h a v e t o und e r s ta n d t h at we a r e n e v e r ; “ m e r e e xp l o ite d ” o r “ m e r e e xp l o ite r s ” . W e h a r bo r wit h in u s ; an e xp l o iter a n d an e xp l o ited s i m u l t a n e ou s l y . W e a r e n e v e r ; m e r e B r a h m i n s, k s h at r i y a s , v a i s hy a s a n d s hud r as. W e h a r bo r wit h in u s a B r a h m i n , K s h at r i y a , v a i s h y a a n d s hud r a; s i m u lt a n e ou s ly wit h in u s. I n f act; a n y s u ch d i v i s i on ; in t er m s o f cl a ss a n d ca s te in t h e s o ciet y ; e v en t hou g h t e m p ti ng ; is s i m p l i s tic a n d s up e r f icia l . I t n e v e r ta k e s u s t o t h e r oo ts o f ca s t e s. I f w e s t ud y phy s i o l og y , t h en we w ou ld r ealize t h at we h a v e d i ff e r e n t c on t r o l m ec h a n i s m s , w h ich c on t r o l ou r t h i nk i ng , f eeli ng s a n d ou r b e h a v i o r . T hu s w e h a v e p r e f r on tal c o r tex a n d t h e s e n s o r y , m o t o r a n d as s o ciati o n a r e a s o f b r ai n , l i m b ic a n d a u t on o m ic n e r vou s s y s t e m , s u b c o r tical b r ain a n d n e u r o e ndo c r i n e p a r ts, a n d e ndo c r i n e, m e ta bo lic a n d s p i n al m ec h a n i s m s in o r d er o f e vo l u ti on . O u r p e r s p ecti v e, t h i nk i ng , f eeli n g s a n d b e h a v i o r ; in i nd i v i du al li f e a n d s o cial l i f e; a r e d et er m i n ed b y a c e r ta i n c on t r o l m ec h a n i sm p r e d o m i n a n t in ou r l i f e. R o u g hly s pe a k in g ; p r e d o m i n a n t c on t r o l o f p r e fr on tal c o r tex a n d t h e s e n s o r y , m o t o r a n d as s o ciati o n a r e a s o f b r ai n ; m a k es u s B r a h m i n s . I f we a r e p r e d o m i n a n t l y gov e r n ed b y l i m b i c a n d a u t on o m ic n e r vou s s y s te m ; t h en it is b ei n g Ks h at r i y a; a n d i f we a r e b ei n g p r e d o m i n a n tly gov e r n ed b y s u b c o r tical b ra in a n d n e u r o e ndo c r i n e p a r t s , t h en it i s b ei n g v a i s h y a. I f w e a r e p r e d o m i n a n tly gov e r n ed b y e ndo c r i n e, m eta bo l ic a n d s p i n al m e c h a n i s m s, t h en it is b ei n g s hud r a. I f w e a r e p r e d o m i n a n tly gov e r n ed b y e ndo c r i n e, m eta bo l ic a n d s p i n al

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m e c h a n i s m s, t h en we a r e boun d to h a v e p r e v ale n ce o f e xp l o itati on , p etti n es s , jeal ou s y , h at r e d , f a n atic i s m , f a s c i s m , l u s t, c r u e lt y , c r ud e n ess o f e v e r y k i nd ; i n c on s i d e r ate n e s s , i nd i ff e r e n ce, i n t o le r a n ce, s e l f i s hn es s , s ect a r ian p e r s p ect i v e, v i o le n ce, t r e a c h e ry , c r u el t y , b e t r a y a l s , c h eati ng , c r i m e s, f ilt h , d i s e a s e s , a n d acci d e n t s a n d s o o n in ou r i nd i v i du al li f e a nd ; if we a r e in m a j o r i t y , t h en in ou r s o ci a l l i f e! I n o t h er w o r d s we a r e boun d to c r eate h ell f o r ou r s el v e s a n d o t h e r s. L et u s b e c l ear t h at n o a m oun t hu e a n d c r y can b r i n g a b ou t b l o ss o m i n g in ou r i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial l i f e w h en we ou r s el v e s a r e p r e d o m i n a n tly gov e r n ed b y e ndo c r i n e, m eta bo lic a n d s p i n al m ec h a n is m s (l u s t a n d p etti n es s ) i .e. b ei n g s hud r a. I f we a r e p re d o m i n a n tly s h ud r a; t h en we a r e no t li k ely to oppo s e e xp l o itati on . I n f act; kno wi ng ly o r unk n o wi ng ly we a r e li k e l y to p r o m o te ou r o wn a n d o t h e r s’ e xp l o itati on . W h at w ou ld h a pp en if we r i s e fr o m s hud r a li f e i n to v a i s h y a a n d K s h at r i y a l i f e? W o u ld it b r i n g a bou t h a r m on y a n d h a pp i n ess in ou r l i f e; in a b s e n ce o f p r e do m i n a n ce o f t h e s e n s o r y , m o t o r a n d p r e f r on tal c o r tex o f t h e b r ai n ? P r e d o m i n a n ce o f v ai s hy a a n d K s h at r i y a c on t r o l s ; in ou r li f e; g i v e s u s m a t e r ial p r og r e ss (i n c r e a s e in i d e a s , i nnov ati o n s , t r a d e, i ndu s t ry , i m po r t , e xpo r t, tec hno l og y , c r a f t s a n d a r t s , a n d m ilit a r y s t r e ng th a n d s o on ) in i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial l i f e . B u t i nd i v i du ali s tic, s e l f i s h , c o m p etiti v e, r estl e s s , a m b iti ou s, s ub tly e xp l o itati v e a n d s ub tly v i o le n t t r e nd s m u lti p ly in i nd i v i du al a n d u n i v e r s al li f e. T h e e x te r n al o r n a m e n tati o n w ou ld i n c r e a s e. T h e g l a m ou r i n c r e a s e s . T h e g litter i n c r e a ses. T h e p o m p a n d p r i d e m u lti p l y . B u t all t h e s e f l ou r i s h wit hou t t h e ho li s tic a pp r o ach t h at i nvo l v es i n cl u s i v e g r o wt h ! He n ce; fr a g ili t y , f ic k le n es s , i m p ati en c e, p e ss i m i s m , c y n ic i s m , s u s p ici on , al oo f n e s s , i rr e s pon s i b ilit y , r ec k l e s s n es s , b elli g e r e n ce, v a g r a n c y , c h a o s ,

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cac ophon y , s e p a r a t i on s , d i vo r c e s ; a n d s ub tle, s i le n t, s oph i s ticate d , c unn i n g a n d o r g a n ized (in a dd iti o n to c r ud e v i o le n ce) v i o le n ce t o wa r d s on e ’ s o wn s e l f a n d o t h e r s ; in i nd i v i d u al a n d un i v e r s al l i f e i n c r e a s e ! He n ce we n eed t h e p r e d o m i n a n ce o f t h e c on t r o l o f p r e f r on tal a n d s e n s o r y - m o t o r c o r t e x es i .e. B r a h m in el e m e n t i .e. t h e c o n t r o l o f c on s cie n ce a n d e n l i gh te n m e n t in i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial l i f e! We can c onqu er t h e s t r ess o f e xp l o itati o n in i nd i v i d u al l i f e a n d b y b ec o m i n g a m a j o r i t y in t h e s o c iet y ; we c an c onq u er t h e s t r e s s o f e x p l o itati o n in s o cie t y . I n o t h er w o r d s ; w e w ou ld c onqu er t h e s t r e ss o f e xp l o itati o n b y T o tal St r e ss M a n a g e m e n t e m bod y i n g ind i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al b l o ss o m i ng ; e v en as s hud r a, v a i s h y a , K s h a t r i y a a n d B r a h m in el e m e n t s a r e i n e v ita b l y p r e s e n t wit h in u s ; a n d in t h e s o cie t y ; t h r oug h t h e e nh a n c i n g t h e p r e d o m i n a n ce o f B R A H M I N o r BR A HMA N A c on t r o l o r c on t r o l o f p r e f r on tal, s e n s o r y a n d m o t o r c o r t e x e s . T h i s i s a c h ie v ed b y a c on ti nuou s p r o cess o f c on s ci o u s e vo l u ti o n t h r o u g h NAMA S M A R AN (a n d o t h er a d j uv a n t m e a n s a c c o r d i n g to d i f f e r e n t c u lt u r es; fr o m c h il dho o d ). T h is i s a s s o ciated with b l o s s o m i n g o f t h e p e r s p ecti v e, t hou g h t s , f eeli ng s , a s p i r ati o n s , c on ce p ti on s , a r tic u lati on s a n d ov e r all b e h a v i o r c ondu ci v e to i nd i v i du al a n d g l o b al b l o ss o m i ng . H o li s tic po liti c s , ho li s tic ec on o m i c s , ho li s tic e du cati on , ho li s tic h ealt h , ho l i s tic m e d ici n e , ho li s tic a g r ic u lt u r e, ho li s tic i ndu s t r i es, ho li s tic t r a d es, ho li s tic b a nk i ng , ho li s tic a r t a n d lite r at u r e , ho li s t i c s po r t s a n d ov e r all ho li s tic w a y o f li v i ng ; b ec o m e r eali t y in t h e p r o c e ss o f b ei n g c on t r o lled b y t h e B R AH M I N o r B R A H M A NA e le m e n t wit h in u s ; o r b ec o m i n g B R AH M I N o r B R A H M A NA. T h is i nv a r ia b l y a s s o c i ated with v italizat i on , p r o m o ti on , r e gu lati on , c oo r d i n ati o n a n d h a r m on i zati o n o f t h e K SH A T R I Y A,

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VA I S H YA a n d SHU D R A el e m e n t s ; i n s i d e a n d ou t s i d e ; a n d b l o ss o m i n g o f i nd i v i du al a n d un i v e r s e, a s e nv i s a g ed b y Sai n t D n y a n e s hv ar o f Ma h a r a s h t r a ! W e all; i r r e s p ecti v e o f b i r th h a v e t h e p r i v ile g e a n d opp or t un ity to e vo l v e as BR AH M ANA a n d p a r tici p ate in t h e p r o c e s s o f b l o s s o m i n g o f on e a n d all! I f w e a r e a b le to “see” t h e un a pp a r e n t und e r c u rr e n ts in t h e w o r l d ; t h en we w ou ld b e e c s ta t ic to no tice a n d p a r tici p ate; in t h e r a p i d ly g l ob alizi n g p r o ces s ; o f e vo l v i n g as a B R A H M I N o r BR AH M ANA; f acilitati n g t h e i nd i v i du al a n d g l o b al b l o ss o m i ng ; t h r oug h NAMA SM A R AN! I n a b s e n ce o f t h i s ; w h ile e vo l v i n g ou t o f t h e c a s te s y s te m , m a nk i n d h as al r ea d y b e gu n to b e p la gu ed b y a n d s u ff er f r o m ; i nd i v i du ali s m , p etti n e ss a n d s up e r f ic i alit y . T ho s e, w h o att r i b u te all t h e e v ils to t h e c a s te s y s t e m in I nd ia; m u s t b e e xp lai n e d ; t h at; in r e s t o f t h e w o r l d ; w h e r e t h e r e w a s n o ca s te s y s t e m (l i k e t h at in I nd ia), i nd i v i du alis m , p etti n ess a n d s up e r f i c iali t y a r e p la y i n g h a vo c a n d p r ov i n g to b e m ali gn a n t a n d f a t al! W e m u s t le a r n fr o m t h e s ai n t s ; t h e i m po r ta n ce o f op e n i n g t h e f l oodg ates o f s el f r eali z ati o n (NAM A SM A R AN); to p e op le i rr e s p e c ti v e o f c a s t e , c r ee d , r ac e , r eli g i on , n ati on s ; a n d s t ud y , p r a c tice a n d p r o m o te; t h e T o tal St r e ss M a n a g e m e n t, w h ich e m bod ies ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e, po lici e s , p la n s , p r og r a m s a n d acti on s ; f o r i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ; t h r oug h i n te r n ati o n al la w s , r u l e s a n d c onv e n ti on s ; in ho li s tic h ealt h ca r e , ho li s tic p r odu cti v e e du cati o n , a n d e v e r y f ield o f l i f e ! As a n d w h en t h is b e g i n s , e v e ry bod y w ou ld b ec o m e s e l f r elia n t, i nd e p e nd e n t, e m p o we r e d , s el f s u ff ici e n t, a n d e n li gh te n e d ; a n d t h e a d -

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ho c s te p s s u ch a s r e s e r v ati o n po lic y , fr ee e du cati on , c on ces s i on s, fr ee f ood , s ub s i d i e s , l o an w av e r s e t c; w o u ld b ec o m e r e dund a n t a n d unn ece s sa r y . M o r e ov e r ; m a j o r i t y w ou ld b e g in to r ealize t h at in a b s e n ce o f t h i s ; e v en 10 0 p e r ce n t r ese r v ati on s in p a r li a m e n ts, a ss e m b li e s , j o b s a n d e v e ry w h e r e; f o r t h at m a tte r ; w ou ld NOT s o l v e t h e p r ob l e m s o f t h e s u ff e r i n g b illi on s . NA M A S M A R A N , J A P , J AA P , J I K RA, S I M A RA N , SU M IRAN e t c T h e g r eat see r s s e e t h e und erl y i n g o f un ity a m i d s t a pp a r e n t d i v e r s i t y. T h ey li v e in t h e p l a n e a n d t h e s p i r it o f un it y ! H o we v e r ; s o m e o f u s o f ten kno wi ng ly o r unkno wi ng ly s tick to s o m e r i g id d i s ci p li n e s , w h ich o f ten a s s u m e t h e f o r m o f r it u als. T h is i s u s e f u l a n d n eces s a r y to p r ese r v e t h e h e r ita g e o f t h e s e e r . I t p ree m p t s let h a r g y a n d i rr e s pon s i b ili t y . I t i s a l s o u s e f u l t o s o m e e x te n t; to p r e v e n t c a s u al a pp r o ach a nd / o r vu l g a r izati on ; a n d m a i n t a in t h e s a n ct i ty a n d du e s e r i ou s n e s s. B u t w h en a p a r tic u lar s ect s tic k s to t h e s e m a n ti c s a n d e x te r n al p a r a ph e r n alia; a n d l o s e s t h e s p i r it o f t h e v i s i on a r y ; it b e c o m es a h i nd r a n ce to t h e r e v italizi n g a n d r e j u v e n ati n g g l ob aliza t i o n o f t h e v e r y s p i r it, with w h ich t h e v i s i on a r y li v e d . As r e s u lt, d i ff e r e n ces a n d d i v i s i on s g r o w a m ong s t d i ff e r e n t r el i g i on s , s ec t s a n d c u lt s ; a n d t h e s p i r it o f un i t y d r i e s ou t. T h is i s e x act l y w h y ; e v en a s t h e r e a r e b illi on s o f u s ; p r actici n g N A M A SM A R A N; a s a r e s u lt o f t h e ill u m i n a t i n g li v es o f t h e s e er s , s a g e s , s ai n ts a n d p r oph et s ; t h e r e a r e lite r all y ; s o m a n y d i s un ited o r un - un ited s ec t s a n d c u lt s ! T h i s i s a l so on e o f t h e r e a s o n s ; w h y ; m o s t o f u s ; t h e a dvo cat e s o f N A MA S M A R A N; d o no t und e r s t a n d a n d a pp r eciate t h at t h e s a m e s p i r it o f un ity a n d h a r m on y und e r l y i n g t h e NAM A SM A R AN, JAP, JAAP, J I K R A, S I M A R AN, S U M I R A N, R E M EM B R A N C E a n d S MA R AN a n d r e m e m b e r i n g G o d o r on e ’ s t r u e

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s e l f in on e w a y o r a no t h e r ! W e d o no t s e e m to und e r s ta n d t h at all s u ch s y nony m s f r o m d i f f e r e n t la ngu a g es a n d d i ff e r e n t t r a d iti o n s ; m o s t i m po r ta n tly c onno te t h e c on ce p t u alizati o n o f ho l i s tic p er s p ec t i v e, po lic y , p la n s , p r og r a m s a n d t h eir i m p l e m e n tat i on ; a n d act u al r eal i zati o n o f t h e un i v e r s a l un it y , h a r m on y a n d b l o s s o m i ng ; f o r e s een b y t h e s e e r s ! D u e to t h i s ; we a r e d e d icated to t h e e x te r n al f o r m s o f r e li g i on s , s ec t s , c u lt s , t r a d iti on s et c ! W e c r iticiz e , b a c kb ite, h u m il i ate, a bu s e, r u n do w n , d e s p ise, h ate a n d h a r m ; t h e o t h er r el i g i on s , s ec t s , c u lts, t r a d iti on s et c ! T h is m a y b e a c a s e o f g i v i n g v e n t to b a s al a n d ca r n al i n s t i n ct s , u lte r i o r m o ti v e s, p r e j ud ic e s , h at r e d , v e ng ea n c e etc; und er t h e g ar b o f d e vo ti on ; as i t i s an ea s ier w ay to f eel r i gh te ou s , sec u r e, c onv i n ce d , c on te n ted a n d p r oud ! I t i s a l s o ; a ta ng i b le wa y ; to b o a s t ou r s el v e s a s t h e t r u e d e vo tees (a n d t h e o t h e r s a s b la s ph e m ou s a nd / o r c o wa r d s ) !! ! B u t I f w e a pp r eci a te t h e p la n e a n d t h e s p i r it o f un ity o r ou r r e s p ecti v e gu r u s , s e er s , s a g e s , s ai n t s , p r oph et s ; t h e n ; no t on ly we ( t h e p r actiti on e r s a n d a dvo cates o f NAM A SM A R AN o f d i ff e r e n t s ec t s , c u lt s , t r a d iti on s a n d r eli g i on s ); bu t r est all; i n cl ud i n g e v en t h e at h ei s t s ; w ou ld act u ally p r actice a n d p r op a g ate N A MA S M A R A N; in t h e r eali z ati o n o f un ity a m i d s t d i v e r s i t y . NA M A S M A R AN AND T E A D I T I O NS H y m n s , S crip t u r e s , An i m a l s a cri f i c e, G o d, s t r e s s , Dh a r m a a nd Adh a r m a , G ur ut a t va , L in ga p oo j a , m y s t ery o f pr a d o s h a , B h a k t i , B h ava s aga r , Di v ine w i s d o m , G u r u k r up a , K und a lini a nd V i s h v a k und a lin i , P r a p a nch a nd p a r a m a r t h , T he G r e a t est S e r v ice, Sin, s t r e s s a nd s h r a ddh a , V a lue cr i s i s , S t r e ss dh a r ma c o s m ic d y n a m i c s a nd N A M A S M A RA N , T e m pl e s, Dh a r m a , T u k a r a m

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Ch a i t a n y a , P r a r a bdh a , Y a j na a nd s a cri f ic e , B elie f , s k e p t ic i sm a nd im m o r t a l i t y , P h y si o l og ic a l i m p o r t a nce o f Rudra S o o k t a , K ul a de va t a , C h i t r a hu t i, H o r o sc o pe, F e a s t a nd P r a s a d, H e a l t h, Dei t i e s , Ri t u a ls, M uh u r t a A n d P i l g ri m age , A mru t a nubh a v , Dh a nu r m a s And C o s m ic P h y s i o l ogy . K u m b ha NA M A S M A R AN AND H Y M NS C o m p o s iti on s s u n g o r r ecited with a p r a y er f u l attit ud e a r e cal l ed a s hy m n s . I n Sa n s k r it la ngu a g e t h e s e a r e called " St o t r a " , "S ook ta " , " Ma n t r a " a n d R u c h a o r R ic h a. I n M a r at h i la ngu a g e t h e r e a r e c o m p o s iti on s n a m ed as " O wi " , " A bh a ng " , " B h aa r ud " " Aa r at i " et c . T h e r e a r e m a n y o t h er v a r ieties o f p r a y er s s un g o r r ecited b y d e vo tees o f G o d all ov er t h e w o r l d . W h at i s t h e s p ecial s i gn i f ica n c e o f N AMA S M A R A N o n t h e b ac kg r oun d o f t h e s e m u ltit ud e s o f h y m n s (w h ich al s o r e m i n d a n d boo s t t h e f eeli n g o f l ov e a n d d e vo t i o n to G od , i.e. Tr u t h )? Act u ally bo th a r e c o m p l e m e n t a r y . T h ey a r e no t m u t u al l y e x cl u s i v e. B u t e v en t h en I s t r ong ly p r e f er N A MA S M A R AN; a s a m e a n s o f se l f r ealizati o n a n d t r y to p r o m o te it; b ec a u s e it h as s o m e a dv a n ta g es ov er t h e hy m n s . T h e lea r n i n g a n d r eciti n g o f h y m n s r e qu i r e s : 1 . Facili t y o f lea r n i ng , (Ma n y don ' t g e t t h is f acili t y ) 2 . K no wle dg e o f t h e la ngu a g e, (Ma n y f ail to g et t h i s ) 3 . A b ility to s p ea k , (Ma n y l a ck t h is a b ilit y ) 4 . A b ility to si ng , (Ma n y ca n ' t s i ng ) 5 . F r ee t i m e et c . ( L a bo r e r s o cc up ied ph y s i c ally d o no t g et a d e qu ate f r ee t i m e) 6 . T h e s e d a y s; t h e r e is a f a s h i o n o f u si n g l ou d s p ea k e r s, w h ich c r eat e s no i s e po ll u ti o n a n d nu i s a n ce to p e op le, w h o a r e aili ng , i n t r a u m atic s tate o f m i n d o r i nvo l v ed in s o m e o t h er s er i ou s p r e o cc up ati on s .

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I t can b e a pp r ecia t ed t h at m illi o n s o f i nd i v i du als m a y no t b e a b le to f i n d it p r actical o r f e a s i b le to p r a y , du e to on e r e a s o n o r t h e o t h e r . I t m a y b e eit h er fr o m t h o s e m e n ti on ed a bov e o r e v en o t h e r s . P r a y e r s o f e v e r y r e li g i o n a r e d i f f e re n t a n d g r ou p p r a y e r s o f on e r eli g i o n m a y c r eate nu i s a n c e, a n ti p at h y etc. a n d o r m a y i nv ite o p po s iti on , r e p r e s s i o n al s o . T h e a i m o f t h e p r a y e r , w h ic h e v er r eli g i o n it m a y b el on g t o ; is to r eali z e G o d i.e. t r u e s e l f a n d m a n i f e s t it in on e ' s hou s e a n d a s well a s on e ' s w o r k i n g e nv i r o n m e n t. D u e to t h e tec hn ical i ties i nvo l v ed in p r a y e r s, f o r e x a m p le sa ndh y a; t h ey h a v e s o m e ho w b ec o m e c u t o f f o r alien to m od e r n c o nd iti on s o f li v i n g a n d w o r k i n g . I n m a n y i n s t a n ces l ou d d e m on s t r ati v e p r a y e r s a n d a n t i s o cial b e h a v i o r g o h a n d in h a n d a n d a r e a s s o ciated with e xp l o itati o n o f t h e c o m m o n m an b y m a n y i nd i v i du als a n d o r o r g a n izati on s , w h i ch a r e f a n atic a bou t hy m n s . E x te r n al o r a pp a r e n t f o r m s o f p r a y e r s t h e r e f o r e h a v e t h i s po te n tial to lead to c h eati ng , h y po c r i s y , s up e r s tit i on s , d e p e nd e n ce, i n e r tia, s t r i f e , d i s c o r d et c . N A M ASM A R AN ho w e v e r ; i s a p r o cess t h at h as all t h e m e r i t s o f a p r a y er a n d n o s u ch d e m e r it s . M o r e ov er it ca n b e p r acticed b y a n y bod y f r o m a n y r eli g i on , a n y b ac k g r ound , wit hou t a n y e du cati on , wit hou t a n y tec hn ical kn o w - ho w, wi t hou t a n y m ea n s o r e qu i p m e n t a n d wit hou t e v en t h e s l i gh te s t o f d i s t u r b a n ce to o t h e r s. I t c a n b e p r acticed du r i n g a n y ph y s i ca l acti v ity a n d a l s o at a n y ti m e a n d at a n y p lace. I t do es no t r e qu i r e a n y s p a r e t i m e o r s o called " fr ee d o m " fr o m t h e d a y to d ay acti v iti e s o r a n y s p ecial s i t u ati o n s u ch a s e nv i r o n m e n tal s a n cti t y . P r actice o f N A MA SM A R A N i s t hu s ; m o s t d e m o c r atic a n d po ss i b le du r i n g wal k i ng , b at h i ng , t r e kk i ng , h i k i ng , p ai n ti n g a n d s o on . I t m u s t b e a pp r eci a ted t h at h y m n s , p r a y e r s etc. a r e an i nt e g r al p a r t o f m o s t o f t h e r eli g i on s . T h ey h a v e t h eir o wn m e r it a n d s hou ld no t b e c ond e m n ed o r r i d i c u le d . T h ey s hou ld b e m a d e m o r e ac c e p ta b le a n d less d i v i s i v e. C onv e r s e l y , t h e m od e r n w o r k i n g c ond it i on s s h ou ld b e m a d e c ondu ci v e to p r a y e r s. M o s t i m po r ta n t l y ; t h e y s hou ld b e c oup led with NAM A SM A R AN.

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I n t od a y ' s t i m e s , w h e r e l i f e i s b ec o m i n g i n c r ea s i ng ly c o m p l e x , c h a o tic a n d s t r e ss f u l , it i s i m p e r ati v e t h at e m ph a s is i s s h i f ted f r o m h y m n s to NAM A SM A R AN in t h e i n te r e s t o f un i v e r s al we l f a r e. T h e hy m n s s hou ld c on ti n u e to p lay t h e t r a d iti on al r o le o f m a k i n g u s ( p et t y s e l f ) h u m b le t o wa r d s G o d (t r u e s e l f ) a n d t o w a r d s e ach o t h e r . T h e y s h ou ld c on ti n u e in d i ff e r e n t t r a d iti on s in as t h ey a r e ; al o n g with NA M A S M A R A N , w h ich i n f u s e s t h e m with n ew li gh t o f un i v e r s ali t y! NA M A S M A R AN AND SC R I P T U R E S Sc r i p t u r e s h a v e go t i m po r ta n t p lace i n h u m an l i f e. Sc r i p t u r es u s u al l y d e s c r i b e t h e o r i g in o f un i v e r s e , o r i g in o f m a nk i nd , r elat i on s h ip b etween m a n a n d a n i m al s , r elati on s h ip b etwe e n m an a n d G o d et c . Sc r i p t u r e s a r e c u m u l a ti v e c o llect i on s o f h u m an ob s e r v ati on s , f eeli ng s, c on ce p t s , s p ec u lati on s a n d s o m et i m e s a dv ic e s o r d ec r e e s . S c r i p t u r es t h e r e f o r e p l a y t h e r o le o f a gu i d i n g li gh t f o r s ub s e qu e n t g e n e r ati on s . I n s ho r t, s c r i p t u r e s f o r m a g r e at t r e a s u r e o f h u m an w i s do m u s e f u l f o r t h e s o ciet y . H o we v e r , t h e s c r i p t u r e s re f l e ct a v a r i ety o f h i s t o r ical p e r i od s a n d t h e r e f o r e d i ff e r e n t s o cia l , po litical, e c on o m i c a n d c u lt u r al s it u ati o n s . T h is r e s u l t s i n to a d e p icti o n o f a v a r ie t y o f t h e o r i e s a n d p e r s p ecti v e s in d i ff e r e n t s c r i p t u r es o f no t m e r ely d i ff e r e n t r el i g i on s; bu t o f t h e s a m e r eli g i o n o r ci v ilizati o n . T h e s e; o f t en c o n f lict a n d c on t r a d icti n g on e a no t h e r . R ea d i n g a n d i n te r p r etati o n o f t h e s c r i p t u r es b ec o m e s i n c r e a s i ng ly d i ff ic u lt. T h is i s a l s o b eca u s e o f m a n y m o r e f act o r s s u c h as c h a ng e in la ngu a g e, i n cl u s i on s , d eleti o n s , l o ss o f r elated sc r i p t u r e s a n d c h a ng e in t h e s o cial m il i e u . B e s i d e s , e v e r y bod y h a s d i ff e r e n t fr a m e o f m i n d a n d d i ff e r e n t ca p aci t y t o g r a s p . E v e r y s o c i ety in t h e w o r ld f a ces a b ig qu e s ti o n . W h at s hou ld b e ou r ou tl oo k to t h e s c r i p t u r e s ? S hou ld t h ey b e acce p ted o r re j ect e d ? Or s hou ld t h ey b e acce p ted p a r tia l l y ? I f s o , t h en in w h at a n d w h y ; s h o u ld b e acce p te d ? O n e o f t h e e s s e n ti a l p re- r e qu i s it e s f o r p r op er i n te r p r etat i o n a n d e x t r acti o n o f t h e e s s e n ce fr o m s c r i p t u r es; a n d i t s a p p r op r iate a pp licati on ; is t h e qu ality o f b ei n g s e l f l e ss. W e h a v e al s o to b e unp r e j ud iced a n d

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b e y on d t h e p etty se l f in t er m s o f ou r v i s i o n , b e s i d e s i n t e lli g e n t a n d h a r d w o r k i n g . O n e can e a s i l y s ee t h at t h e sc r i p t u r e s n eed to b e c on ti n u ou s ly r e s e a r c h ed s o a s to p re s e r v e a s well a s e nh a n ce t h eir b e n e f icial c h a r acter al on g with t h eir r e l e v a n ce a n d a pp licati o n in e v e r y f ield o f l i f e . F o r t ho s e w h o c hoo s e to s p e n d t i m e a n d e n e r g y in s t udy i n g t h e s c r i p t u r es a s w ell a s f o r t ho se w h o c a nno t s t ud y s c r i p t u r e s , t h e s ap o f wi s d o m can b e a v a ila b le i f t h e y a r e s e l f le s s. S a i n t s , s a g e s a n d s e er s w h o h ad r ecei v ed n o f o r m al e du cati o n a m p ly e x e m p l i f y t h is. T h e po i n t to b e d r i v en is t h at with NAM A SM A R AN; t h e i n tellect u al r e sea r c h e r s can e x t r act a n d a r tic u l a te t h e e s s e n ce o f s c ri p t u r es a n d t h e r e st can h a pp ily a pp ly it in t h eir li v e s . N A MA S M A R AN can e s t a b li s h t h e c h a nn els o f c o m m un icati o n b e tween t h e p a s t w i s d o m , ou r p r e s e n t n ee d s a n d t h e f u t u r e e m a n ci p ati o n o f ou r g e n e r ati on s . NA M A S M A R AN AND A N I M A L S AC R I F I C E I n t h e p r o c e ss o f e vo l u ti o n at s o m e s t a g e, t h e a r t, s k ill a n d c ou r a g e i nvo l v ed in h un ti n g ( R A J OG U NA ) ; we r e p r ob a b ly v it a l in v iew o f t h e f act t h at t h e s u r v i v al o f t h e i nd i v i du als a n d t h e s o ciet i es d e p e nd ed o n hun ti n g . I n t h e p r o cess o f p r o tecti n g fr o m t h e p r e d at o r s , t h e a n i m a l s we r e k illed in a s m u ch as t h e y w e r e k illed to s a tis f y t h e n eed o f f ood . T h e f i s h i n g a n d hun ti n g we r e p r act i c e d no t on ly wit hou t a n y gu ilt, bu t in f act w i th s o m e k i n d o f p r i d e a n d d i gn it y , b e c a u s e o f t h e i r u tility f o r t h e s o cie t y ! W h en t h e m a nk i n d b e g an to s e n s e t h e i n f l u e n ce o f unkno wn a n d un s een d eitie s , h e b e g an t o o ff er h i s f oo d (s a c r i f ic i al a n i m al) to t h e d eit y . P r ob a b ly to cele b r ate a n d c h eer up ; t h e y a j n a s w e r e p e r f o r m ed a n d b r a v e r y w a s i nvok e d , a d m i r e d , p r o m o ted a n d cele b r at e d ! T h is i s p r ob a b ly t h e l og ical b a s i s o f t h e d i gn ity t h at t h e s ac r i f i c ial k illi n g ( R A J OG U NA) e n j o y ed in y a j n a s.

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T h e r e s p ect a n d hono r f o r hun ti n g a n d k illi n g a n i m a l s ; was l og ical a l s o b eca u s e c o w a r d ice ( T A M O GU N A) i n t ho s e ci r c u m sta n ces c ou ld h a v e m e a n t d e s t r u cti o n o f t h e i nd i v i du al a n d t h e s p ecie. As a n d w h en t h e m a nk i n d e vo l v ed f u r t h e r , t h e t r a d iti o n o f s a c r i f ici n g a n i m a l s in y a j n a s b ec a m e r e dund a n t a n d d id no t s i gn i f y b r a v e r y ( R A J OG U NA) bu t s i gn i f ied b a s a l , c a r n al, a n i m al i s tic a n d c o wa r d ly b e h a v i o r ( T A M O GUN A ); in v iew o f p r e f e r r ed v e g eta r ian f oo d b ei n g ea s i l y a v aila b le; a n d h e n ce g r a du ally d ecli n e d . Irr e s p ecti v e o f t h e r e g i o n o r r eli g i on ; t h is i s n o m o r e b ra v e r y ( R A J OG U NA) bu t c o ld b l ood ed r i s k fr ee c o wa r d l y c r u elt y ; w o r s t t h an m e r e c o w a r d ice a n d h e n ce w o r s t t h an T A MO G UNA. T h is i s a p e r v e r ted a n d b r u tal (a n d no t b r a v e) h a ngov er o f t h e r e dund a n t t r a d iti on s a n d c u s t o m s b el ong i n g to t h e p r i m i ti v e s t a g e o f t h e d e v el op m e n t o f t h e s o cie t y , w h ich b el ong ed to R AJOG U NA a n d w e r e r e qu i r ed in t ho s e t i m e s ; a n d a r e r e nd e r ed r e t r og r e s s i v e a n d d et r i m e n tal ( T AMO G UN A ) in t h e p r ese n t c on te x t! O n ce m y fr ie n d a s k e d , “w h y don ’ t w e o f f e r a n i m a l s to t h e d eitie s ; i n s tead o f v e g et a r i an s w ee t s ? ” I d id no t h a v e i n s t a n t a n d s at i s f act o r y a n s w e r at t h at t i m e a n d t hough t t h at p r ob a b ly it c o u ld b e b li n d f o ll o w i n g o f t h e e g alita r i an o r go d f ea r i n g t r a d iti o n o f o f f e r i n g v e g eta r ian f oo d to d eitie s . B u t lat e r I c a m e to r eali z e t h at unn eces s a r y k i lli n g b el ong s ; as a l l ud ed to ea r lie r ; to w o r s t f o r m o f T A M AS O R T AM OGUNA ( f a n atic i s m ) a n d t ho s e w h o e vo l v e in t h e c ou r s e o f e vo l u ti on ; r ise fr o m T AM OGUNA a n d R A JOGUNA to SA T V A G U NA a n d c hoo s e no t to op t f o r b r u ta l , c r u el a n d a b s o l u tely unn ece s sa r y k illi n g o f c o ws, bu ll o c k s , s h ee p , go ats a n d o t h er a n i m a ls o r b i r d s f o r a n y pu r po s e; e a ti ng , o f f e r i n g o r a n y o t h er l uxu r y o r i d i o s y n c r a s y !

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T h r oug h p r ob a b ly t h e p r actice o f N A MA S M A R A N , I r ealized t h at a s t h e m a nk i n d e vo l v e s , t h e S A T VA G UNA b ec o m e s p r e pond e r a n t a n d h e n ce h e g r a du ally do es no t n eed to p e r v e r s e l y a s s e r t h i s b r a v e r y b y k illi ng ; e s p ecial l y w h en no t r e qu i r ed f o r p r o t e cti o n o r f e e d i ng . A SA T I VK i nd i v i du al i r r e s p e cti v e o f h is o r h er r e g i o n o r r eli g i on ; do es no t f a n cy k illi n g h a r m l ess a n d in f act l ov i n g a n d s e r v i n g a n i m al s ; ung r ate f u l l y ; f o r so called o f f e r i n g a nd / o r eati n g bu t p r e f e r s v e g et a r ian f ood , f o r all o f f e r i ng s a n d cele b r ati o n s . I h a v e b e gu n to u n d e r s ta n d t h at: Eati n g a n i m a l s is a m at t er o f s la v e r y t o on e ’ s o wn c r a v i ng s , w h ich a r e a gg r a v ated b y a dv e r t i s e m e n t s, m e d ia h y p e, p r o m o ti on , g l a m o r izati o n a n d g l o r i f i c ati o n o f s u ch s l a v i s h t r e n d s ; uph eld b y m a n y ‘ s l a v e s ’ in t h e po s iti on s o f po w e r ( po litical, ec on o m ic, c u lt u r al, s cie n t i f i c et c .)! C on s i d e r i n g c o w a s a m o t h er i s f ar m o r e e vo l v ed a n d c u lt u r ed t h an k illi n g a n d eati n g h e r . C on s i d e r i n g r i v e r s as m o t h e r s i s f a r m o r e e vo l v ed a n d c u lt u r ed t h an s i m p l y t r eati n g t h e m a s non li v i n g u tility o f l i f e . Tr eati n g p la n t s a s godd e ss e s s u ch a s ho ly b a s il i.e. Oc i m u m sa n ct u m a n d ce r e m on i ou s l y w o r s h i pp i n g t h e m , i s f ar m o r e e vo l v ed a n d c u lt u r ed t h an t r eati n g t h e m a s l i v i n g el e m e nt s l o w in t h e s c ale o f e vo l u ti on . T h is a pp lies to t h e earth a l s o . C on si de r i n g ea r th a s m o t h er v iz. DH A R A T I M AT A i s f a r m o r e e vo l v ed a n d c u lt u r ed t h an t r eati n g h er a s an obv i ou s a n d n o n li v i n g el e m e n t o n w h ich we li v e ! I n s ho r t, it i s a f ar m o r e a dv a n ced c u l t u r e, in w h ich t h e n at u r e a r oun d ; is w o r s h i pp ed with f e s t i v e s p i r it a n d n e v er e xp l o ite d . T h e c r u el t y , e xp l o itati v e n es s , ung r at e f u l n e ss a r e (e v en i f t h ey a r e g l a m o r ize d , g l o r i f i e d , h y p ed a n d p r o m o t ed a s s up e r i o r ) a r e d e g e n e r ate a n d p e r v e r ted p r i m iti v e a s p ec t s o f u s . T h ey a r e c oun te r p r odu cti v e a n d ca s t d et r i m e n tal i n f l u e n ce o n o t h e r s ; t hu s t h r o ttli ng , s u f f o ca t i n g a n d t h wa r ti n g t h e b l o ss o m i n g p r o c e ss o f i nd i v i d u als a n d un i v e r s e ! 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 .

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NA M A S M A R A N , G O D , S T R E S S , D H A R M A A ND AD H A R M A T h e m i s und e r s ta nd i n g a n d m i s i n t e r p r etati o n ; o f t h e a pho r i s m o r MAH A VA K YA “I a m B r a h m a” a n d t h e c on ce p t o f “ G o d ” ; a r e r e s pon s i b le f o r t h e i ndo le n ce, i nd i ff e r e n ce, f a lse s e l f c on te n t m e n t, s e l f r i gh te ou s n es s , p a r a s itic h el p les s n e s s , i n acti o n o r f a n atic acti on s a n d S T R E S S . I t i s h i g h t i m e ; we r ealize f o r ou r o wn b l o s s o m i ng , t h at G o d is an e xp e r ie n ce o f s e l f r ealizati on . T h is i s r ealizati o n o f t h e t r u e s e l f , u s u al l y i n acces s i b le to e v e n i n te n s e i n telle c t u al sea r c h . I t is no t a m a t ter o f p a r a no id b elie f s a n d d el u s i on s , with r e s p ect to H i s r o le i n d ay to d ay i nd i v i du al g ai n s a n d l o s s e s ; a s i s v i nd icated in t h e 5 t h c h a p ter o f Gita. G o d is a ph e n o m e no n to b e e xp l o r ed a n d e xp e r ie n ce d ; t h at is all. I t i s li k e t h e f r e s hn e ss on e e xp e r ie n ces a f ter b at h . W e d o no t b elie v e o r p r each t h e o t h e r s t o b elie v e in t h e e xp e r ie n ce o f fr e s hn e s s ! GOD i s i nd e s c r i b a b le; b eca u s e; t h e w o r d e x i s te n ce itse l f ; is act u al l y v e r y d eep a n d i n f i n ite! E x i s te n ce o f a st on e, e x i s te n ce o f ele c t r icit y , e x i s te n ce o f L A S E R r a y s , e x i s te n ce o f s p ace, e x i s te n ce o f t i m e, e x i s te n ce o f a b i r d , e x i s te n ce o f a bo y , e x iste n ce o f m i nd , e x i s te n ce o f f eeli ng , e x i s te n ce o f t hough ts all a r e d e s c r i b ed b y a s i n g le w o r d “ e x i s te n c e”! As a re s u lt o f i gno r i n g t h e d i ff e r e n t m e a n i ng s o f t h e w o r d “ e x i s te n c e ”, t h e f o ll o we r s o f s o called at h e i s m a n d t h ei s m a m on g s t u s ; g o o n a r gu i n g e nd les s ly a n d t h e t r u th i.e. t h e s e n s e o f s a tis f acti on , un i t y , f e a r l e s s n ess a n d j o y k eep o n e l ud i n g u s . L et u s und e r s t a n d t h at T h e G o d do es no t e x i s t a n d do es no t “ no n - e x i s t ” ! T h e G o d e xp e r ie n c e is b e y on d t h e r o u ti n e, c r ud e a n d r e s t r icti v e m ea n i n g o f t h e w o r d “ e x i s t ” !

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GOD i s i nd e s c r i b a b le b y qu alitati v e o r qu a n titati v e la ngu a g es du e to i nn u m e r a b le att r i bu te s ; a n d h e n ce j u st te r m ed G OD. O n e o f t h e att r i bu tes o f G OD is t h at; it f o r m s t h e i nn ate bon d a m o n g s t u s . B u t, s i n ce t h is bon d is c on ce a led wit h in ou r s u b jecti v it y , e go , o r i n d i v i du alis m , we a r e i gno r a n t o f G O D. T h i s i gno r a n ce, lack o f r ealiza t i o n a n d lack o f e xp e r ie n ce; s ece d e all o f u s fr o m t h e un i v e r s e a n d on e a no t h e r , ca u s i n g s t r ess a n d r e nd e r i n g u s i s o late d , l on e l y , weak o r v i o le n t wit h in ou r c o r e. R e o r ie n ti n g to t h i s GOD t h r oug h NAMA S M A R AN ( w h ich is t h e r ati on ale a n d c o r e o f T o tal S t r e ss M a n a g e m e n t) i s t h e m o s t f u l f illi n g c u l m i n ati o n o f hu m a n l i f e. T o tal S tr ess M an a g e m e n t i n t u r n , c on s tit u t e s all t h e acti v iti e s ( p e r s p e cti v e, po lici e s, p r og r a m s, p la n s a n d a d m i n i s t r ati on ); to f acilitate s u ch c u l m i n ati on , b y b l o ss o m i n g on e a n d all a n d accel e r ate t h is p r o c e ss o f r e o r i e n ti n g to GOD. T h is i s DH A R M A . O ppo s iti o n to t h is p r o cess o f un i f i ed b l o ss o m i ng ; in t hough t s , f eeli n g s a n d acti on s i s AD H A R M A . NAM A SM A R AN c on s o li d ates ou r po s iti o n in GOD a n d is DH A R MA. T h e p e r ce p ti o n o f h a r m on y a n d un ity o f un i v e r s e i s on e o f t h e i nd icati on s o f r e al i zati o n o f GO D . T h e b e h a v i o r in all wal k s o f l i f e ( s u ch as po litics, ec ono m ic s , a g r ic u lt u r e a n d nu t r iti o n etc.) t o e nh a n ce t h is p e r ce p ti o n is D H A R MA. Acti on s a g ai n s t t h i s a r e AD H A R M A . NAM A SM A R AN r e o r ie n t s u s to G O D a n d is D HA R M A. T h e un c ond iti on ed acce p ta n ce, l ov e a n d r e s p ect f o r t h e i nn ate; b l o ss o m i n g c on s c i ou s n ess in un i v e r se in g e n e r al a n d in e v e r y h e a r t in p a r tic u la r ; a r e s y m p t o m s o f r e alizati o n o f GO D .

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T h e s te p s ta k en to nu r t u r e t h is a r e D H A R M A . T h e e nd ea vo r to j e op a r d ize t h i s ; i s ADH A R MA. NAM A SM A R AN r e e s ta b l i s h es u s in GOD a n d i s DH A R MA. T h e d eep r e s p ect a n d c o m m i t m e n t f o r m o t h e r hood , b r o t h e r hood , fr ie nd s h ip a n d s u c h s ub l i m e se l f l e ss r elati on s is on e o f t h e f eat u r e s o f r ealizati o n G OD. T h e c ondu ct in t un e with a n d to p r o m o te t h is r e s p ect a n d c o m m i t m e n t i s DH A R M A. T h e te nd e n cies to g o a g ai n s t t h is c on s tit u te ADH A R M A. NAM A SM A R AN r e j uv e n ates u s in GOD a n d i s DH A R MA. T h e p r o c e ss o f b l o s s o m i n g o f o b j ect i v e c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d l ov e; c onqu e r i n g p etty c on s i d e r ati on s a n d v e s ted i n te r e s t s ; i nd icates r ealizati o n o f G O D. T h e w a y o f l i f e to nu r t u r e t h is f eeli n g in all w a l k s o f l i f e ; is D H A R M A . T h e i m pu l s e s , u r g es a n d c r a v i ng s a n d t h eir pu r s u i t s in o p po s ite d i r ecti o n c on s tit u te A D H A R MA. NAM A SM A R AN e m po we r s u s to r e alize G OD a n d i s DH A R M A. T h e p r o c e ss o f g r o wi n g fr o m s u b j ect i v it y , p etti n e s s , i n er tia, f ea r , i n s ec u r i t y , l on eli n es s , h a t r e d , jeal ou s y , c on t e m p t, a r r og a n ce, v i nd icti v e n e ss , m e la n c ho l y , fr u s t r ati o n , d e f eat i s m , c y n i c i s m , esca p i s m ; to ob j ecti v ity a n d un i f y i n g t h e c o r e o f all b ei ng s i s t h e p r o cess o f o r ie n ti n g to GOD. T h e act u al i nvo l v e m e n t in t h i s p r o c e ss a n d i t s s t r e ng t h e n i n g in all wal k s o f li f e i s D HA R M A. C on s p i r a cy to oppo s e t h i s p r o c e ss i s ADH A R MA.

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NAM A SM A R AN r ei n f o r c e s ou r c onv icti o n in GOD a n d is DH A R MA. GOD a n d D H A R MA a r e p r ese n t ub i qu it ou s l y . T h ey k eep b l o s s o m i n g with v a r i ou s p r op o r ti on s in d i ff e r e n t i nd i v i d u als a n d at d i ff e r e n t t i m e s a n d in d i ff e r e n t p l a ces, i r r e s p ecti v e o f w h et h er a p e r s o n calls h i m se l f o r h e r s e l f ; a t h e i s t o r an at h ei s t a n d o f o n e r eli g i o n o r a no t h e r . NAM A SM A R AN is a w a y (t h at we a r e m o r e f a m iliar w ith a n d acc e s s i b le to e v e r yon e; at lite r al l y n o c o s t); o f r ealizi n g GOD a n d DH A R M A wit h in a n d ou t s i d e. W h i l e e n j o y i n g t h is go l d en oppo r t un ity o f N A MA S M A R AN to t h e b e s t o f ou r ca p aci t y , we c a n s ee a n d p a r tici p ate in D H A R MA; w h ich i s i m m i n e n t, i n e v ita b le a n d i rr e s i s ti b le. NAM A SM A R AN e m po we r s u s ; to p a r tici p ate in T o tal St r e ss Ma n a g e m e n t e m b od y i n g ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e, po licy m a k i ng , p la n s , p r og r a m s a n d t h eir i m p l e m e n tati on , i n p e r s on al a n d s o c ial l i f e (DH A R MA); a n d c onqu er S T R E S S O R S a n d S T R E SS (A D H A R M A); a n d to m eet o r m e r g e (YO G A) with o u r t r u e s e l f (GO D )! NAM A SM A R AN al s o fr e e s u s fr o m f a n atic a n d r e g i m e n talized p a r a d i g m s ( A DH A R MA) a n d we b e g in to a pp r eciate t h a t; t h e n ee d s ( no r m al a n d ph y s i o l og ical i.e. c ondu ci v e to se l f r eali z a t i on ) o f i nd i v i du als a n d s o cieti e s ; v a r y at d i ff e r e n t s ta g e s ; a n d i n d i ff e r e n t ci r c u m sta n c e s o f l i f e; a n d a l s o a s p e r i nd i v i du al v a r iati o n s . Neit h er t h e b el i e v e r s no r t h e d i s b elie v e r s a r e fr ee fr o m S T R E SS. T h e c on f lict b etween b eli e f a n d d i s b eli e f ; p etty s e l f a n d un i v e r sal s e l f , i n s i d e (t h e n eeds, i n s ti n c t s , f eeli n g s a n d t hough t s ) a n d ou t s i d e ( p e r s on al a n d s o cial b e h a v i o r ); a n d t h e r e s u lta n t s tr es s ; c on ti nu e to t r oub le till t h e b elie v e r s a n d non b elie v e r s a r e t r a pp ed in p etty s e l f . H o we v e r , w h en t h e b elie v e r s a n d nonb elie v e r s e vo l v e i n to s e l f l e ss, i nd e p e nd e n t a n d u n i v e r s al se l f , t h r oug h “ fr ee d o m ” f r o m p etty s e l f , t h e

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s t r ess i n s i d e ( n ee d s , i n s ti n c t s , f e eli ng s a n d t hough t s ) a n d ou t s i d e ( p e r s on al a n d s o c i al b e h a v i o r ) b e g i n s to d i s a pp ea r ! T o a s ce r t ain a n d e xp e r ie n ce t h i s ; we s hou ld g i v e t o p p r i o r ity to p r a ctice a n d p r op a g ati on ; o f N A MA S M A R A N, a m i d st r e s t o f t h e hu s tle a n d bu s tle o f l i f e. NA M A S M A R AN AND G UR U T A T VA W e h a v e m a n y p r e f e r e n c e s a n d p r i o r i ties. W e h a v e d i ff e r e n t r o le m od e l s. W e h a v e d i ff e r e n t i nd i v i du als w h o m w e r e s p ec t . W e f i n d d i ff e r e n t i do l s in s o ciet y . I n t h e qu e s t o f t r u th we f i n d m a n y ph e n o m e n a to a do r e. B u t u s u a l ly t h e r e i s c o n f u s i o n a n d h e n ce c on f l i cts in ou r li v es. T h e s p i r it u al lit e r a t u r e u s u al l y a ff ir m s t h at gu r u is t h e u l ti m at e . T h e r e i s no t h i n g b e y on d g ur u . B u t t h e r e a r e o t h e r s w h o m ai n tain t h at KU L A D E V A T A i s m o s t i m po r t a n t. T h e r e a r e m a n y , w ith o t h er op i n i on s as well. F o r m a n y o f u s ; a c ce p ti n g gu r u as t h e u lt i m ate; s ound s d i ff ic u lt to a cce p t a n d d i g e s t; in v iew o f t h e h u m an f o r m o f t h e gu r u . T h e gu r u (a n d e v en p r oph et o r i n ca r n ati o n ) in h u m an f o r m wit h ; t houg h s t up e ndou s , y et l i m ited a c c o m p l i s h m e n t s w h en c o m p a r ed with e t e r n al, o m n i s cie n t, o m n i p r e s e n t a n d o m n i po te n t G od . O f ten t h e r e i s a n a gg i n g q u e s ti o n as t o w h et h er t h e KU L AD E V A T A s hou ld g et p r e f e re n ce o r a gu r u ? W h ile K U L A D EV A T A i s u s u al l y ac ces s i b le to m a n y H i ndu s ; t h is ph e n o m e n a i s u s u a lly no t f oun d in m a n y Hi ndu s a n d N o n - Hi ndu s . F u r t h e r , t h e r e i s p e r e nn ial c on f u s i o n a bou t gu r u ; in v iew o f t h e i r c r e d e n tia l s a n d ca p acity to gu i d e u s to e xp e r ie n ce o f G od .

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F o r t ho s e w h o h a v e acc e ss to KU LA D E V A T A a n d gu r u ; t h e r e i s a d il e m m a a bou t w h o m to g i v e p r i o r i t y . O b j ecti v e l y l ook i n g at it; t h e KU L A D E V A T A a s well a s t h e h u m a n f o r m o f t h e gu r u a r e t h e p r odu c t s o f t h e s a m e o m n i scie n t, o m n i po te n t a n d o m n i p r e s e n t G od . W h o m s hou ld we g i v e p r e f e r en ce? I n t h e c ou r se o f p r actici n g N A MA S M A R AN acc o r d i n g to t h e a dv ice o f ou r gu r u ; we g r a du ally r eali z e t h at K u la d e v ata is a boun ty o f t h e o m n i s cie n t, o m n i p o te n t a n d o m n i p r e se n t G od ; t h r oug h w h ich we a r e o r ie n ted to H i m ; a n d t h e gu r u is t h e boun ty t h r oug h w h o m we c o m e to kno w m o r e a n d g e t cl o s e r to Hi m . L ate r ; t h r oug h NAMA S M A R AN; we r eali z e t h at; t h e e s s e n ce o f KU L A D E V A T A a n d t h e es s e n ce o f g u r u ; is act u ally e x t r e m e ly p le a s a n t, e m po we r i ng , v ital i zi n g a n d i m m o r t al i zi n g boun t y ; v e r y m u ch p r e s e n t a n d e v i d e n t in ou r c on s cie n ce. T h i s p e r ce p ti o n g r a du ally g e t s c u l m i n ated in t h e r eali z ati o n t h at t h is e s s e n ce o f KU L A D E V A T A , gu r u a n d all t h e d eities a n d a do r a b le e n titi e s ; i s t h e s a m e a s G U R U T AT VA. T h is G U R U T A T V A; i s G o d i.e. u lt i m ate t r u t h . T h is can b e (t houg h no t e x actl y , acc u r ate l y o r a pp r op r i a tel y ) c o m p a r ed with m o t h e r hoo d a n d f at h e r hood . W e l ov e a n d a do r e ou r m o t h er a n d f at h er a n d in t h e c ou r s e o f m a t u r it y ; b e g in to w o r s h ip t h e m o t h e r hoo d a n d f at h e r hoo d in n at u r e. G U R U T A T V A i s a un i v e r s a l , et e r n al a n d t h e m o s t s ub li m e bon d b etween u s ; a n d G o d (t r u t h ). W h en w e h a pp en to f o ll o w , d e d icate a n d c on s u m e ou r s el v e s in t h e p r eac h i n g o f ou r gu r u ; we act u ally i m b i b e o r

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g et m e r g ed i n to t h e s ou r c e o f ou r c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d ou r c on s cie n ce; t h e G U R U T A T V A! NA M A S M A R AN AND L IN G A P O O J A L i ng a poo j a s hou ld no t b e c on ce p t u a lized o n t h e b a s i s o f m e r e st o r i e s fr o m L i ng a P u r a n a a bou t t h e f i gh t f o r s up r e m a c y b et w e e n Vi s hn u a n d B r a h m a; w h ich a r e s y m bo lic a n d o n t h e b a s i s o f t h e s p e c u lati o n t h at it i s a v e s ti g e o f a p r i m iti v e, b a r b a r ic c u l t u r e o f ph all u s w o r s h i p . L i ng a poo j a; e v en if it i s a w o r s h ip o f t h e ph all u s a n d v a g i n a, w h ich s i gn i f y t h e p r o c r e a ti o n a n d t h e c r eat i on ; is in e s s e n ce; re m e m b e r i ng , r e o r ie n ti n g a n d r e e s ta b l i s h i n g ou r s el v es in ou r t r u e n at u r e. Si n ce s u ch r e m e m b r a n c e o f o u r t r u e s e l f i s a l m o s t i m po s s i b le; o r at le a s t m a y no t b e easy f o r e v e r y on e; t h e r it u al o f w o r s h i pp i n g t h e f o r m o f li ng a h as b ec o m e a p a r t o f c u lt u r e. F r o m t h e e s se n ce o f t h e f o ll o wi n g t wo s h l ok a s ; L n i g m c h i nnh e n u m a n e c h a sa nkh y ok ta p r a k r u ta v a p i Si v a m u r ti v i s h e s h e c h a m e h a n e p i n a p u s a k a m L a y a m g a cc h a n ti bhoo ta n i s a m h a r e n i s c h al a m y at h a S r u s h tia k ale pun ah s r u s h t i m t a s m at li ng a m ud a h r u t a m T h e r e a r e t h r ee b a sic ph e n o m e n a in t h e un i v e r s e v iz. f o r m a ti on , m a i n te n a n ce a n d d e s t r u cti on . T h i s i s s i m ilar to a n a bo lis m , m e t a bo li s m a n d cata bo li s m . Fr o m t h e A d wa i t ph il o s oph ical po i n t o f v iew, t h e s e t r a n s iti o n s a r e m e r e c on ti ng e n ts a n d t h e s ub s t r at u m o f t h e s e, o r t h e f ield SH I VA a n d SH A K TI ; is b e y on d t i m e. T h e f o r m o f S H I VA a n d SHA K TI ; f o r t h e p u r po s e o f w o r s h i p ; is li ng a m . S p ec i f ic d a y s a n d s p ec i f i c p lac e s a pp ear to b e c ondu ci v e to t h is r ealizati o n o f on e ’ s t r u e s e l f a n d h e n ce t h e r e a r e p lac e s o f J Y O T I R LI N GA in as m u ch as t h e r e a r e s p ec i f i c d a y s ca l led 1 . 2 .

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MAH A SH I V A R A T R I . T h e s c ho la r s o f ast r o l og y can s h ed m o r e li gh t o n t h i s . I n s ho r t; s i n ce D H A R MA i s t h e o r c h e s t r ati o n o f t h e un i v e r s e in h a r m o n y t h r oug h m ille nn i a; it is e s s e n tial to e x p l o r e a n d a pp r ecia t e ( no t r i d ic u le t h e m ou t o f i gno r a n ce) t h e r oo t s o f e v e r y t r a d iti on . T h i s i s we can r e m ov e t h e c ob we b s o f s e cta r ian i ll u s i on s c o m i n g in t h e w a y o f un i t y a n d h a r m on y ; a n d ca u s i n g s t r i f e, h a tr e d , p r e j ud ice, a n ti p at h y a n d c on t e m p t; o r s ect ar ian p r i d e a n d i nd isc r i m i n ate b itte r n e ss a n d v i o le n ce. NA M A S M A R AN AND T H E M Y S T E RY O F P R AD O S H A P R A DOS H A i s a t wili gh t p e r i o d a r oun d S un s et. S o m e say it i s fr o m 4 : 3 0 p m to 6 p m , s o m e s a y it i s a p e ri o d o f 2 hou r s a n d 2 4 m i nu t e s a f ter s un s et a n d s o m e s a y it i s 3 hou r p e r i o d i n cl ud i n g 1 h ou r b e f o r e a n d 2 hou r s a f t e r s un set, e s p ecial l y o n 1 3 t h d ay ( a ct u ally t h e t i t h i called Tr a y od a s h i) o f S h uk la a n d K r i s hn a p a k s h as ( f o r t n i gh t s ) o f I nd ian cale nd a r . S huk la p a k s h a m e a n s t h e w h ite o r b r i gh t a n d p e r tai n s t o t h e f i r s t 1 5 d a y s o f m on th du r i n g w h ich t h e m oo n go es o n i n c r e asi n g in size till t h e f u ll m oo n d a y . K r i s hn a p a k s h a m ea n s s e c on d h alf o f t h e m o n th as s o ciated with d ec r e a s i n g s i z e o f t h e m oo n till i t b ec o m e s a n o m o o n d ay o r m oon l e ss n i gh t ca l led A m a v a s y a. T h e P R A D OSHA as s o ciated with Tr a y od a s h i a n d Sat u r d ay i s c alled SHANI ( S at u r n ) P R A DOS H A a n d t h at a s s o ciated with M ond ay i s ca l led SOMA ( Moon ) P R ADOS H A. I t i s a p tly s aid t h at S h i v a (t h e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s ) p er f o r m s t h e T A ND A VA n r u tt y a (t h e c o s m ic d a n ce); du r i n g t h e p e r i o d o f P R A D OSH A . T h e m y t ho l og ical s t o r y o f c hu r n i n g o f t h e n ect a r a m b r o s ia a pp ea r s to po i n t t o wa r d s t h e a cce n t u ated p r o cess o f a s ce n t o f c on s c i ou s n ess fr o m

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t h e ete r n al c hu r n i n g o f t h e o cean o f m o r tal li f e (called B H AVA S AG A R ) ! ! T h e s t o r y o f w ar o f t h e d e v a s ( d i v i n e i.e. i nn ate o r g l ob al a s p e c ts m a n i f e s ted fr o m S h i v a; w h o r e p r e s e n t t h e c onqu e r o r s o f s h a d r i pu s v iz. k a m a, k r odh , l ob h a, m a d a, m oh a, m a t s a r ), n a m ed S k a nd a ( s o n o f Pa r v ati), S r a v a n a ( s o n o f G odd ess o f f o re s t)), K a r ti k a (s o n o f K r itti k a), K u m a r a ( s o n o f G a ng a), M a h a s e n a ( s o n o f A gn i) a n d G uh a ( s o n o f S h i v a); (K a r ti k a a l s o cal l ed S ub r a m a n i a n , M u r ug a n ) ; a n d t h eir v ict o r y ov er d a n a v as ( d e v i ls m e n ti on ed a bov e i.e. in e s s e n ce s u p e r f icial a n d p etty a s p ec t s n a m e d T a r a k a, S u r a p a a d a a n d S i m h a - m ukh a); a l s o a pp ea r s to i nd icate t h e s a m e. T h e s t o r y o f D h ar m a gup ta a n d S hu c h i v r ata f r o m t h e n a m e s t h e m se l v e s ; clea r l y a pp ea r s to b e t h e v ict o r y o f t h e v i r t u es ov er t h e d e v ili s h v ic e s t h r oug h t h e P R A D OSHA poo ja a s a dv i s ed b y S h a nd il y a M un i, p r ob a b ly a t ho r oug h s c ho lar o f ho li s tic phy s i o l og y . T h e s t o r y o f p r o te c ti n g Ma r k e nd e y a; t h e s o n o f S h i v a; t h e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss H i m se l f ; i s a s s o ciat e d with M r u t t y un j a y a Ma n t r a , w h ich is a s f o ll o w s . “ O m; T r aya mb a k a m ya j aa m a h e ; s u g h a ndh i m p u s h t i va rdh a n a m; ur va - r u k m i v a b h a nd a n a t ; m ru t y o r m u k s hee y a m a a - mru t a t ” , w h ich m e a n s ; I w o r s h i p ; Tr a y a m b a k a m , w h o e n c o m p a s s e s , A +U + M r e p r e s e n ti n g t h r ee le v els c on s ci ou s n e s s ; V a i s hv a n a r a, T e j a s a , P r a j n a, ph y s ical e x i s te n c e s ; " bhooh " " B huv a h " a n d " s v a h " ; a n d kno wle dg e v iz. R i gv e d a, Ya j u r v e d a a n d Sa a m a v e d a; a n d e m a n at e s p le a s a n t fr a g r a n ce a n d b l o ss o m s u s in e v e r y w a y ; a n d w h o c on f e r s f r e e do m f r o m s ub j e cti v ity a n d p etti n ess a n d fr o m b od y c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d m ea nn ess! V R A T AS a r e c e r t a in s p ec i f i c a n d d isci p li n ed m od i f i cat i on s in b e h a v i o r a n d d iet c ondu ci v e to c o m po s u r e a n d b l o ss o m i n g o f on e ’ s s p i r it. St ud y o f P R AD O SHA V R A T A a n d t h e ast r op h y s ical a n d a s tr o - ph y s i o l og ical a s p ec t s ; b y t h e e xp e r t s in t h e f iel d s i s li k ely to un r a v el i n te r e s ti n g a n d

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m y s t e r i ou s f ac t s a bou t t h e b e n e f icial a s p ec t s o f P R A D OSHA p e r i o d . T h e s e c ou ld b e r e l ated to b e n e f icial e lect r o m a gn etic a n d a nd / o r g r a v itati on al i n f l u e n ces o n i nd i v i du al h ealth a n d c on s ci ou s n ess w ou ld b e un r a v ele d ! He n ce t h e r e i s a p r ece p t to p e r f o r m t h e poo j a o f t h at c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss v iz. SH I VA in t h e f o r m o f t h e L I NGA w h ich is a ct u ally t h e s y m bo l o f t h e c r eati v ity o f un i v e r se a n d h elp u s c onn ect with c os m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss i. e . S h i v a. T h e w o r s h ip o f S h i v a; (al on g with P a r v ati, G a n e s h a n d Na nd i (a l s o called Na nd i k e s h w a r ) w h o a r e H i s p r a k r u ti) a n d r eci t at i o n o f M r u tt y u n j a y a o r M a h a m r u t t y un j a y a Ma n t r a i s act u al l y a poo j a o f t h e c o s m i c P U R US H A; o f w h o m ; we a r e “ e x te n s i o n s ”. B h a r at h a Na t y a m d a n ce r s bo w do wn b e f o r e S h i v a, t h e c o s m i c o r c h e s t r at o r , w h o p e r f o r m s t h e T A N DAVA n r u tt y a (t h e c o s m ic d a n ce); du r i n g t h e p e r i o d o f P R A D OSH A . T h e m oo n p a r tic u l a r ly i s be lie v ed to h a v e a d i r ect i n f l u e n ce o n t h e m i nd . L o r d S h i v a (c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss in e v e r y i nd i v i du al) i s s aid to b e h a pp ie s t (i . e. e a s y f o r ac c ess f r o m s u p e r f iciali t y a n d p e t ti n es s ) at P r a do s h a t i m e . A n cie n t R i s h i s p r o b a b ly e xp e r ie n ced t h i s , w h ich w a s d e s c r i b ed as, “ P R ADO S HA t i m e b ei n g t h e m o s t a u s p ici ou s p e r i o d , w h en all t h e ho s t s o f cel e s tial b ei ng s a n d cele s t i al god s c o m e do wn fr o m t h e h ea v e n s a n d atte n d t h e w o r s h ip in t h eir s ub tle f o r m s ! ” T h e c el e s tial b ei ng s a n d celestial god s a r e m o s t p r ob a b ly t h e c o un te r p a r ts o f hu m a n c on s ci ou s n e ss in t h e c o s m ic c o n s ci o u s n ess o r v ice v er sa. P R A DOS H A is p r ob a b ly t h e b e st t i m e to c onn ect w ith t h e s e “cel e s tial b ei ng s a n d god s ”! P R A DOS H A V R A T A el u ci d ates t h e a pp licati o n o f t h e ho li s tic c o m p r e h e n s i on , i n s i gh ts, w i s d o m a n d t h e g e n i u s ; in c o nn ecti n g with

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ph y s i o l og ical c oun te r p a r t s in t h e un i v e r se t h e d eiti e s ; a n d d e r i v i n g v itality a n d a m b r o s ia fr o m t h e d eiti e s a n d c o s m ic c o n s c i ou s n es s ; a n d b l o ss o m i n g t og et h e r ! NA M A S M A R AN AND B H A KT I T h e w o r d s ; h ealt h , well b ei ng , s t r e s s m a n a g e m e n t , we lf a r e, ho l i s tic r e n ais s a n c e, s up e r l i v i n g etc; a r e u s ed b y u s in a c a s u al a n d s up e r f icial m a nn er e v en i f we a r e hon e s t a s we a r e i gno r a n t. W e h a v e n o e xp e r ie n ce o f a n y o f t h ese; in t r u e s e n s e ! T h is i s t r u e f o r t h e wo r d b h a k ti al s o ! Ma n y o f u s c on cei v e i t a s a gu lli b le a n d i m p r actical acti v i t y o r a n e u r o tic e nd ea vo r ; s u ita b le f o r t h e illit e r at e s. B u t t h i s i s no t t r u e . W h at i s bh a k ti? B h a k ti i s t h e f i r s t h a n d e xp e r ie n ce o f well b ei n g in t r u e se n s e! I t is i n te n s e, w ho le s o m e, s e l f le s s, un i v e r sally b e n e vo le n t a n d i m m o r tal s ta t e; in w h ich a p e r s o n t r a n s c e nd s t h e i nd i v i du ality o r s ub j e c ti v it y ! T h e r e is n o s ect a r ia n i s m , n o p r e j ud ice, n o h at r e d , n o v e ng ea n ce, n o f ea r , n o e xp ectati on … n o t r ace o f p etti n e s s ! E v e r y m o m e n t; h e o r s h e e xud es ob j ecti v e un i v e r s al b e n e vo le n ce; t h e d i v i n e l ov e! T h e p r ese n ce o f s u ch a p e r s o n ( bh a k ta) S U R EL Y cata pu l t s t h e o t h e r s to t h e w e ll b ei n g in t r u e s e n s e; t h e i m m o r t a l b lis s . W e all; e vo l v e o r p r og r ess t h r oug h t h e g r ace o f G u r u ( gu r uk r up a) fr o m ou r ca s u a l , s up e r f i cial a n d p etty l i f e; to i n c r e a s i ng ly ho li s tic t h i nk i ng , f eeli ng s , i n s ti n c t s a n d b e h a v i o r ; on ly to r eali z e t h at we a r e s till; f a r a w ay fr o m t h e a b s o l u te t r u t h ! G r a du all y ; e v e r y t hou g h t a n d e f f o r t o f ou r s t o w a r d s s up e r li v i ng , ho li s tic r e n ais s a n c e o r T o tal St r e ss Ma n a g e m e n t o r T o tal W e l l B ei ng ; at i nd i v i du al a n d g l o b al le v el; r e m i nd s u s t h at it all i s s t i ll a s up e r f icial a n d p e r i ph e r al ‘ s te pp i n g s t on e ’ ! T r u e h ea l t h , t r u e w ell b ei n g i.e. ou r t r u e

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a s p i r ati o n i s act u al f i r s t h a n d e xp e r ie n ce o f t h e s u b m i s s i o n to ou r gu r u ; a n d b ei n g s u b m e r g ed in His k r up a! T h is i s bh a k ti; t h e c u l m i n ati o n (a n d no t s ub s tit u ti on ) o f e v e r y e f f o r t a n d a s p i r ati o n in l i f e; a n d it is t h e g r eat e s t boun ty o f G u r u . I t is ou r g r eat e s t f o r t un e i f w e c ou ld e xp e r ie n ce e v en a s e m b la n ce o f it! T h e p as s i on ate i nvo l v e m e n t in N AMA S M A R A N i s s aid to b e i d e n t i f i a b le f o r m o f bh a k ti! S hou ld it n o t b e t h e m o s t i m p o r ta n t, d ea r e s t , s i n gu lar a n d e x cl u s i v e pu r s u it i n ou r l i f e a n d t h e p r actice o f N AM AS M A R AN t h e e x cl u s i v e m ea n s o r t h e w a y ? NA M A S M A R AN AND B H A V A SA G AR W h at i s bha v a s aga r a n d w h at i s t h e c ycle o f b i r t h , d e a th an d r e b i r t h ? W h y d o t h e d e vo tees p r ay G o d o r G u r u ; to sail t h e m a cr o s s t h e bha v a s aga r a n d f r ee t h e m fr o m t h e c ycle o f b i r t h , d e a th an d r e b i r t h ? R i gh t in t h e b e g i nn i ng ; it m u s t b e a p p r eciated t h at; a s a r u le; m o s t o f u s a r e un a b le to und e r s t a n d a n d a pp r eciate t h e c on ce p ts s u ch as bha v a s aga r a n d cycle o f b i r th d e a th an d r e b i r t h ; a s w e a r e no t s elf re a li z e d . T h e s e c on ce p ts s p r i n g f r o m se l f r ealizati o n t h r oug h a p r o l o n g ed a n d i n te n s e p r actice o f N A M A SM A R A N i. e . J A P , J AA P , J IK R A, S UM I R AN, S I M A R AN; i .e. r e m e m b e r i n g a n d r e o r ie n ti n g to ou r t r u e se l f . He n ce t h ey can b e und e r st oo d a n d a pp r eciated al s o ; at le a s t to s o m e e x te n t; t h r oug h t h e s a m e p r o cess. T h e n at u r e o f bha v a s aga r : U s u al l y ; a s a r e s u lt o f p r o l ong ed a n d i n te n s e p r ac t ice o f NAM A SM A R AN i.e. J A P, J A AP, J I K R A, S U MI R AN, S I MA R AN; i. e . r e m e m b e r i n g a n d r e o r ie n ti n g to ou r t r u e s e l f ; w e b e g in t o r ealize t h at “ w e” a r e d i ff e r e n t fr o m t h e ‘ o cea n ’ o f i n f i n ite m o lec u l e s in t h e se v e n ty f i v e t r illi o n cel l s c o m p r i s i n g ou r bod y ; a n d ou r i n s ti n c t s, e m o ti o n s ,

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t h i nk i ng , p e r ce p ti o n s , m e m o r i e s , a s p i r ati on s ; a n d ov e r a l l i nd i v i du al c on s ci ou s n e s s , w h i ch is bha v a s aga r ! B u t w h ile we a r e g etti n g t h is e xp e r ie n ce; we a l so b e g in to b e un c omf o r ta b le a n d s u f f o cated b y t h e d r a gg i n g a n d d r o w n i n g e ff ect o f t h is ‘ o cea n ’ , w h ich w e on ce s e e m ed to h a v e e n j o y e d ! W e b e g in to d r ead s i nk i n g in t h is o cea n ! T h is d r ead i s f ar m o r e e x c r u ciati n g t h an t h e r elati v e l y ‘ m il d ’ d r ead o f l o si n g ph y s ical h ealt h , c o m f o r ts, m on e y , r e pu tati on , po s iti on , po wer et c; a s t h i s on e a r i s e s fr o m d e ep w it h i n ! He n ce; we p r a y t h e G u r u o r G od ; to s a f ely s ail u s ; a c r o ss t h e bha v a s aga r ; t h e o ce a n o f m o r t a l lif e ! S i n ce c r o s s i n g t h is i s c o mi n g ou t o f o ce a n o f m o r t a l i ty; it i s t h e s a me a s an u lt i m ate s tate o f i m m o r tali t y . I t e m bod i e s fr ee d o m f r o m cycle o f b i r t h , d e a th an d r e b i r t h . I n w h at w a y a r e s u ch p r a y er s r elated t o ou r d ay to d a y p r ob l e m s ? I f no t; w h at is t h e r ele v a n ce o f s p i r it u al i s m i n ou r l i f e? T h e s e p r a y e r s e m b od y t h e u lt i m a t e g o al a n d d e s ti n y o f an i nd i v i du al a n d t h e w o r l d ; alt houg h m o s t o f u s a r e ob li v i ou s to it. He n c e ; it i s un w i s e to as s u m e o r e xp ect i mm e d i ate a n d d i r e ct r ele v a n ce o f t h e s e p r a y e r s a n d t h e c on ce p t s ; a n d t r y to i m po se t h e m fr o m c h il dhood ; in as m u ch a s ; it i s f oo l i s h to d isca r d t h e m ; a s i rr e l e v a n t. I t i s w i s e r to i n t r o d u ce s u ch p r a y er s a l on g with t h e p r act i ce o f NAM A SM A R AN i.e. J A P, J A AP, J I K R A, S U MI R AN, S I MA R AN; i. e . r e m e m b e r i n g a n d r e o r ie n ti n g to ou r t r u e s e l f , w h ich g r a d u ally e n a b l e s an i nd i v i du al; to u n d e r s t a n d t h e c o n ce p ts; a n d later y e a r n to c r o ss t h e bha v a s aga r a n d b e f r e e fr o m t h e cyc l e o f b i r t h , d e a th an d r e b i r t h ! T h is s hou ld g o h a n d in h a n d with t h e o t h er acti v iti e s ; a pp r op r iate to on e ’ s c on s tit u ti on , a p tit ud e, a g e, s e x , o cc up ati on , r e g i on , r eli g i o n etc! I n f act; t h is i s b ei n g don e in m a n y p a r t s o f t h e w o r l d . NA M A S M A R AN AND D IV I N E W I S D O M

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NAM A SM A R AN is a p r o c e ss o f p r o m o ti o n fr o m a po s i ti o n o f h el p l e ss e ng a g e m e n t; in c o m pu l s i on s, acti v it i es a n d du tie s ; o f p ri m iti v e a n d b a s ic n at u r e; to t h e po s i t i on s o f b ei n g i n c r e a s i ng ly cl o ser to a n d in t un e wit h ; t h e o m n i s c i e n t, o m n i po te n t a n d o m n i p r e s e n t s up e r po w e r ; ou r G u r u ! T h i s is a l s o called t h e p h e n o m e no n o f s e l f r eali z ati o n a n d is t h e g r eat e s t o f all ac h ie v e m e n t s ; a s t h e r e i s no t h i n g else to ac h ie v e! B u t t h i s do es no t a pp ear to b e t r u e; t il l we a r e e ng r o s s ed a n d e n ta ng led in c on s ci ou s n e s s ; a s s o ciated w i th bod y m eta bo li s m , e ndo c r i n e s y s t e m , a u t on o m ic n e r vou s s y s t e m a n d ce n t ra l n e r vou s s y s te m ; a n d its i n te r acti on s with t h e i n te r n al a n d e x t e r n al e nv i r o n m e n t s (p r ob a b ly t h e s a m e a s K A R MA B A NDH A N o r P R A R A B DH A ). T h e e nv i r o n m e n ts (i n cl ud i n g t h e e d u cati on al, o cc up ati on al, po litical, c u lt u r al, ec on o m i c , s o cial, r eli g i ou s e tc); k eep s t i m u l at i n g a n d a r ou s i n g u s to act in on e w a y o r a no t h e r ! T h e i n te r n al e nv i r o n m e n t al s o do e s t h e s a m e! B u t we f i n d t h at in s p ite o f ou r e f f o r t s ; “we” a r e “ le f t b e h i nd ” a n d li f e c on ti nu es to s h a p e itse l f b e y on d ou r i m a g i n ati on ! T h e w o r ld m ov e s a h ead a n d we g et d r a gg ed a f ter it; h e l p les s l y ; w h et h er w e a r e y oun g; a n d ph y s ical l y a n d f i n a n cially s ound ; o r o l d a n d i m pov e r i s h e d ! I n t h e p r o ces s ; ou r p a s s i o n s , d e s i re s , l ov e, h at r e d , a m b iti on s , m i ssi on s a n d s o on ; a pp ear to b e d e f eate d ! As a n d w h e n ; ou r G u r u b les s e s u s ; w e r eal i ze t h at ‘ w e ’ d o no t f u lly und e r s ta n d t h e n a t u r e o f un i v e r s e a n d t h e m y r ia d s o f goo d o r b ad e n tities a n d d e s i r a b le a n d und e s i r a b le e v e n t s; i n s i d e a n d ou t s i d e; a n d t h at; ou r G u r u f u lly “ kno ws a n d gov e r n s a pp r op r iatel y ”; e v e r y t h i ng ! As a r e s u lt; we b e g in to “ s ee” ou r G u r u ’ s et e r n al a n d l ov i n g p r e s e n ce a n d H i s d ivi n e w i s do m at w o r k ; in e v e ry t h i n g a n d in e v e r y e v e n t; a n d t h e m e r it o f s u r r e nd e r i n g to H i m ! T hu s we s t o p c on s i d e r i n g t h e p r a c tice o f NAM A SM A R AN (JAP, JAAP, J I K R A, S U M I R AN, a n d S I M A R AN i .e. r e m e m b e r i n g G o d o r t r u e s e l f ); as a t oo l. W e b e g in to u nd e r s ta nd ; t h at it

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is n eit h er a po w er f u l, d a s h i n g a n d v ict o r i ou s acti v i t y o f y oun g a n d s m a r t; no r it i s a d e f eat i s t, e s ca p i s t a n d h el p le s s e xp r e s s i o n o f an a g i n g o r aili n g p e r s o n ! W e r eali z e t h at it i s a boun ty o f t h e e t e r n al, un i v e r s al a n d d i v i n e wi s d o m o f G u r u . W e a r e f o r t un ate to b e p r o m o t ed b y H i m to p r actice i t ! NA M A S M A R AN AND G UR U K R U P A B a s ica l l y ; G u r u , t h e r elati o n b etw e en G u r u a n d t h e d i s c i p les o r d e vo tee s ; a n d t h e G u r uk r up a; a r e all b e y on d d e s c r i p ti on . T h e bod y o f G u r u i s a ta ng i b le e xp r es s i on ; o f o m n iscie n t, o m n i p r e s e n t a n d o m n i po te n t a b s o l u te t r u t h ; t h e t r a ns - t e m po r a l c o s m i c c o n s ci ou s n e s s , t h e d ee p e s t c o r e c o m m o n to al l ! T h is i s G od ! T h i s i s i n acces s i b le to m o st o f u s ; a s w e a r e f ar t o o c r ud e a n d li v e in s up e r f icial p l ai n s . T h e r el a ti o n b etw e en t h e G u r u ; a n d t h e d e vo tees o r d i s c i p le s ; i s a d i s ti n ct on e. I t i s d i s ti n ct fr o m t h e o t h er r elati on s . I t is m u ch s ub tler a n d m y st i cal. I t i s said to b e; ete r n al; a n d t h at; it s p r ea d s ov e r s e v e r al li v es. I t i s v e r y d i ff ic u lt t o d e s c r i b e t h e ph e n o m e no n o f G u r u k r up a. G u r uk r up a is a lw a y s t h e r e . B u t its e xp e r ie n ce v ar ies fr o m i nd i v i du al to i nd i v i du al; a n d in a n y g i v en i nd i v i du al; at d i ff e r e n t s ta g e s o f h is o r h er d e v el o p m e n t. T hu s; t h e e xp e r ie n ce o f t h e r o le o f G u r u a s a s a v i o r in t i m e s o f d i f f ic u lti e s i s c o m m on . T h e r o le o f a sa v i o r in a v a s t r a ng e o f d i ff ic u lti e s ; i s d i s t i n ctly f elt b y t h e c o n ce r n ed i nd i v i du a l . T h i s i s c oup led with t h e h ea r t f elt a s s u r a n ce o f G u r u ; i n s it u ati on s t h r eat e n i n g p e r s on al a n d s o cial l i f e. T h e G u r uk r up a is e xp e r ie n ced b y m a n y a s i m p r ov ed r elati on s h i p s with o t h e r s . T hu s t h e l o v e a bou t t h e n ear a n d d ear on es i n c r e a s e s in i n te n s i ty w h ile s i m u lta n e ou s ly g etti n g fr eed f r o m p e r s on al b ia s e s a n d p et t y p r e j ud ic e s . T h e bond a g es b e g in to g et c onv e r ted i n to bond s !

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B u t t h e g r e at e s t t o k en o f G u r uk r up a is t h e t o tal i nvo l v e m e n t in NAM A SM A R AN o r ANU S AN D H A N. T h i s e n a b les u s to f eel ou r c onn ecti o n o r c on t i nu ity with t h e e t e r n al a n d a b s o l u te t r u th v iz. NA M A; b e y on d t h e f r ail t y o f ou r p er s on al a n d s o cial l i f e; a n d i m p a r t s ; f ea r l e s s n e s s , buo y a n cy a n d a s s e r ti v e n ess in a pp a r e n t l y t h r eate n i n g s it u ati on s ; o n t h e on e h a nd ; a n d u t m o s t d e d icati o n a n d h ea r t f e l t s e r v it ud e t o w a r d s ou r G u r u . NA M A S M A R A N , K UN DA L I N I A ND V I S H VA K U ND A L I N I KUND A L I NI i s t h e e xp r e ss i o n to i n d icate t h e i nn ate “ e n e r g y ” o r po te n tial e n e r g y ; t h at m a n i f e s t s t h r oug h c h a ng es at m o l ec u la r , DN A , cell u la r , m e t a bo lic, e ndo c r i n e, n e u r o e ndo c r i n e a n d n e u r al le v el s ; a n d a pp ea r s to b e i n se p a r a b le fr o m t h e n a s ce n t c os m ic e n e r g y ; t h e r oo t o f t i m e, s p ace, m at t e r ; a n d e v e ry t h i n g in un i v e r s e; called P R A K R U T I o r SHA K TI , te r m ed V I SH V A K UN DA LI N I in t h e b i og r a ph y o f S h r i p ad S h r i v alla bh ; t h e i n ca r n ati o n o f Dat t a t r e y a . J u st a s KUN D A LI NI J A G R U T I i s s e lf r e alizati o n in an i nd i v i du a l ; t h e V I SH V A K UN DA LI N I J A G R U T I a p p ea r s to b e s e l f r ea lizati o n in i nd i v i du als o n un i v e r s al s cal e ! I t i s a m a n i f e s t ati o n o f t h e c o s m ic will; fr o m t i m e to t i m e. V I SH V A K UN DA LI N I J A G R U T I h a s b e n e vo le n t a n d e m a n ci p ati n g e f f ect o n t h e w ho le un i v e r s e . V I SH V A K U ND A LI N I JA G R U T I c on c u r s with t h e i nn ate a s p i r ati o n o f t h e b illi o n s o f p e op le, w h o g et b les s ed to g et o r ie n ted to t h eir c o r e a n d r eali z e t r u e se l f ; t h r oug h d i ff e r e n t p r actic e s ; w h ile s i m u l t a n e ou s ly e m p o we r i n g t h e o t h e r s in s u ch i nd i v i du al a n d u n i v e r s al b l o s s o m i ng ! I t i s i n te r esti n g t h at e v e r y s i ng le d e s ir e is an alt e r ed p e r c e p ti o n a n d e xp r es s i o n o f t r u t h ! T hu s ; e v en t houg h it is no t ov e r tly p e r cei v ed a n d i d e n ti f ied c o rr ect l y ; at t h e r oo t o f e v e r y i n s ti n ct a n d e m o t i o n t h e i nn ate

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a s p i r ati o n i s t h e s a m e ; to b e “ ou r sel v e s ” ! B u t du e to t h e alte r ed p e r ce p ti o n o f ou r i n s ti n ct s , e m o ti on s a n d t hou g h t s ; we a r e d r a gg ed i n to t h e s up e r f icial a n d c r ud e i ndu l g e n ce s , ph y s i c al r o m a n ce a n d s o called du tie s , p r e o cc up at i on s a n d m i s s i on s! He n ce; we g o o n g etti n g i nvo l v ed in t h e m ; wit hou t u l t i m ate sat i s f acti on ! T hu s s i m p l e i n s ti n cts o f s u r v i v al, hung e r , t h i r s t, s e xu al i n te r c ou r s e a n d s o on ; a pp ear in al t e r ed f o r m s s u ch a s r e s tl e s s n e ss a n d d e p r es s i on ! A s t h e r e i s an e l e m e n t o f t r u t h ; t h e s e d o s e r v e s o m e u s e f u l pu r po s e; in a r t i s tic a n d lit e r a r y e xp r es s i o n s . B u t u n less w e g o to t h e i r r oo t; a n d i d e n ti f y t h eir o r i g i n al t r u e n at u r e; t h e y t h e m sel v e s in t h eir a pp a r e n t f o r m ; n e v er lead to f u l f il l m e n t. He n ce all t h e s ai n t s a n d v i s i on a r i e s ; h a v e i nd icated to u s ; t h at t h e u lt i m ate pu r po s e o f l i f e; i s s e l f r eali z ati o n o r KU N DA L I NI JA G R U T I i.e. b ei n g ou r t r u e s e l f . I n c on t r a s t to t h e b l ood y s t r ugg le i nvo l v ed in c o m p e t iti o n f o r f u l f i l li n g t h e o t h er d e s i r e s ; t h e e ff o r t s o f KU N DA L I NI J A G R U T I a r e a lw a y s m u t u ally b e n ef icial a n d s y m b i o ti c ! T od a y ; i s t h e t i m e o f e xp r es s i o n o f t h e “ c o s m ic will o f V I SH V A KUND A L I NI J A G R U TI ; i. e . ho li s t i c r e n a i s s a n ce, s up e r li v i n g o r T o tal St r e ss M a n a g e m e n t. N A MA S M A R A N i s t h e s i m p l e s t a n d un i v e r s ally acce p ta b le m ea n s , f eat u r e a n d e nd ; f o r t h is. D e s i r e to p r actice NAM A SM A R AN is t h e actual a n d o r i g i n al a s p i r ati o n c o m m o n to al l . I t is t h e c o s m ic d e s ir e a s we l l a s ou r i n n ate d e s i r e; alt houg h m a s k ed b y ou r d ece p ti v e p e r ce p t i on s o f ou r i n s ti n c t s a n d e m o ti on s a n d t h e r e s tl e s s n e s s a r i s i n g f r o m t h e s e! NA M A S M A R A N , P R A P A N C H A ND P AR A M AR T H M o s t o f u s a r e a u t o m at on s (with ou r c on t r o l el s e w h e r e), w h o a r e h a v i n g a d el u s i o n t h at we a r e i nd e p e nd e n t i nd i v i du al s . T h e a ct i v ities go i n g o n

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in t h is d el u s i on ; i r r e s p ecti v e o f ou r a g e, s e x , o cc up ati on , po s iti o n a n d e v en s tate o f e vo l u ti on ; c on s tit u te P R APA N C H . As a n d w h en t h e c o s m i c t r a n s - t e m p o r al r eali t y , t h e o m n i s cie n t, o m n i po te n t, o m n i p r ese n t t r u th p e r v a d i n g e v e r y p a r t icle, e v e r y d i m e n s i o n o f s p a c e a n d e v e r y m o m e n t o f t i m e a n d e v e r y b it o f c on s ci ou s n e ss i .e. G od , G u r u (a l s o ca lled B R A H M A o r NAM A ); r e v ea l s o u r on e n ess (alt houg h f ar fr o m c o m p l e te) with t h a t r eali t y , it m a r k s t h e b e g i nn i n g o f PA R A M A R T H o r s p i r it u al i s m . T h is i s u s u ally c oup led with f ai n t g l i m p s e s o f f u t u r e a n d r ec ogn iti o n o f t h e pu r po s e (alt h o ug h i nd i s ti n ct) o f ou r l i f e. G u r u ta k es ca r e o f u s li k e ou r m o t h e r . J u s t a s ou r m o t h er nu r t u r es u s in h er w o m b f o r n i n e m on t h s ; ou r G u r u nu r t u r es u s t h r oug h s e v e r al li v e s ; b y e xp e r ie n c e s o f p ain a n d p lea s u r e; bo th p etty a n d no b le; a n d li k e ou r m o t h e r H e a l s o d e l i v e r s u s at a pp r op r iate t i m e; to t h e r e a l m o f i m m o r tali t y ; H i s a bod e! T h is i s t h e u lt i m ate v ict o r y cal l ed G U R U- B H E T i.e. b ei n g on e with ou r t r u e s e l f . T h is i s a m att e r ; ac ces s i b le to s t udy , p r actice a n d e xp e r i e n ce; a n d no t to ca s u al b el ie f o r d is b eli e f . NA M A S M A R A N : T H E G R E A TE ST S E R V I C E " Y ou r o wn s e l f-r e alizati o n is t h e g r e ate s t s e r v ice y o u c an r e nd er t h e w o r l d ." ~ S r i R a m a n a Ma h a r s h i T h e r e i s n o doub t a bou t t h i s ; in te r m s o f c onv icti on . T h is i s b eca u se; s e l f r ealizati o n i s a pp a r e n tl y ; t h e p i nn acle o r p e r f ec t i on ; o f h u m an d e v el o p m e n t a n d a c h ie v e m e n t. I t i s t h e c o r e o f u lt i m a t e b lis s . I t i s t h e s ou l o f un i v e r s al a s p i r ati on ; e v en t houg h it is no t obv i ou s ly a r tic u la t e d ; a n d j u st s ile n tly a n d i m p e r ce p ti b l y t h r ob s in e v e r y h e a r t.

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B u t t h e " s e l f r eal iz ati on " is " kno w n " t o u s m e r e l y ; in te r m s o f t h e two w o r d s ; s e l f a n d r e a lizati on . W e d o no t h a v e a n y i d ea a bou t its e xp e r ie n ce. T hu s we " kno w" it b y it s a b s e n c e , b y i t s l a c k ; a n d t hu s ; b y m i ssi n g it! T h is i s ; li k e " kno wi n g wa t e r " b y v i r t u e o f t h i r s t ! He n ce; m o s t o f t h e s ai n t s , p r oph ets a n d e s p ecial l y S h r i S a dgu r u G ond a v ale k ar M a h a r aj; h a v e a dv is e d u s ; to g o o n r e nd e r i n g t h e w o r l d ; t h e “ f e a s i b le s e r v i c e" at p r e s e n t; e a s i l y po s s i b le f o r u s ; i n t h e f o r m o f ; p r actice a n d p r o m o ti o n o f N A MA S M A R AN ( j a p , j i k r a, j aa p , s u m i r a n , s i m a r an i .e. r e m e m b r a n ce o f s e l f ) a n d its g l ob ally b e n e vo le n t; p i vo tal a n d po we r f u l r o le; in h o li s t i c ren a i ss a nce! T h i s " f e a s i b l e se r v ic e " will " p r o m o te" u s ; in t h e c ou r se o f t i m e; t o r ealize se l f ; a n d e n a b le u s to "r e nd er t h e w o r l d ; t h e " g r eat e s t s e r v i c e! M A RA T H I E S S E N C E : " ग क ड न घ त लल न ा म , प ा व न कर ल ज ग ा स , हा ठ व ा व ा व व ास , र ा म क प ा कर ल ख ा स ." ी . म च त य ग द व ल क र मह ा र ा ज NA M A S M A R A N , S I N, S T R E S S , A ND S H R A D D H A A n y t h i n g a g ai n s t r eli g i ou s d ec r e e s o r et h ical no r m s ; i s re f e r r ed to a s s in (called p aap i s Sa n s k r it) a n d a n y t h i n g ille g al i s u s u ally c alled c r i m e. B u t t h is i s on ly b r o ad und e r s ta nd i ng . T h e d ee p er m ea n i n g o f s i n o r p aap i s act u ally “ b ei n g ob l i v i ou s , i gno r a n t, a n d un awa r e a n d d i s c onn ected a n d s e p a r ated f r o m G o d o r t r u e s e l f (t h e o m n i s cie n t, o m n i p r ese n t, o m n i po te n t a n d ete r n al l y un i fy i n g s up er l i f e ) a n d p e r p et u ati n g s u ch ob li v i o u s n ess ” .

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As we g et t r a pp ed i n ; a n d b ec o m e p r ou d o r a s h a m ed o f; ou r e x te r n al o r s up e r f i c ial i d e n tit i e s ; we g et se p a r at e d fr o m ou r o wn c o r e; a n d fr o m on e a no t h e r . A s a r e s u l t; we f ail to e xp e r ie n ce t h e un ity a n d h a r m on y with ou r s el v e s ; a n d wi t h o t h e r s . T h i s a li e n a t i o n f r o m o u r s e l v e s ; a nd f r o m o t hers; le a d s t o i n cre a s ing i ndi v id u a li s t i c , m e a n a nd di s c o rd a n t beh av i o r; t h a t r a n g es f r o m m e r e a r g u m e nt s t o bru t a l a nd indi s c r i m in a t e v i o lence; a nd f r o m per s o n a l d is t urb a nce t o g l o b a l bl oo d s hed. He n ce i gno r a n ce, alie n ati on , f o r g e t f u l n es s , ob li v i ou s n e s s , d i s b eli e f a n d s e p a r ati o n f r o m G o d o r t r u e s e l f ; a n d p e r p et u ati o n o f t h e s a m e in a n d a r ound ; is t h e c o m m o n s in at t h e r oo t o f all o t h er s i n s, w h ich ca u s e s t r e ss in p e r s on al a n d g l ob al l i f e! All s i n s i n cl ud i n g t ho s e g e n e r ated t h r oug h s up e r s titi ons ; a r e t h e acti v ities m o ti v at e d b y p etti n ess ( s e p a r ati o n f r o m t r u e se l f o r G od ). T hu s w h en we g et b li nd ed b y ou r p et t y n e e d , g r ee d , b i a s , p r e j ud ice, f a n atic i s m , h at r e d , p as s i on , p etti n ess, f ea r , a ng e r , s o rr o w , s ho ck a n d s o on ; we b ec o m e b l i n d e xp l o iter o r a h el p less v ict i m , an a rr og a n t c r i m i n al o r a m eek b e gg ar a n d a f a n atic r u ler o r a s la v i s h f o ll o w e r . T hu s , acti on s o f a p et t y p e r s o n w h et h er f u elled b y i n f o r m ati o n a n d te c hno l o g y o r s up e r s titi on ; a r e a g ai n s t t h e we l f a r e o f a n y c o m m o n i nd i v i du al a n d s o cie t y ; b eca u s e t h ey a r e m o ti v ated b y p et t y s e l f i s hn e s s ; a n d lead t o m a n y d i f f e r e n t c r i m e s a n d s t re s s in i ndi v idu a l a nd g l o b a l li f e. W e t e n d to h i gh li g h t c r i m e s o f illi t e r a tes a n d s up e r s titi o u s p e op le; a n d i gno r e o r n e g lect t h e h ei nou s b a r b a r i s m a n d m ale vo le n t acti v iti e s ; o f p e op le h eld in h i g h e s te e m a s “ w ell r ea d ”, “ w e l l i n f o r m e d ”, “ s cie n t i f i c”, “ r ati on al”, “i n tell i g e n t” a n d “ p r og r e s s i v e ” . T h i s i s b e ca u s e w e f o r g et t h at t h ey a r e c u t o f f fr o m t h e un i fy i n g S E L F a n d h e n ce e s s e n tially p et t y a n d i nh u m an i nd i v i du al s .

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W h y is t h is s o ? T h is i s b eca u se o f ou r s e p a r ati o n f r o m G o d ; du e to do m i n a n ce o f eit h er r i gh t ce r e b r al c o r t e x o r l e f t; wit hou t f u ll d e v el o p m e n t o f bo t h . He n ce we s ee t h e w o r ld e rr o n e ou s ly w i th eit h er p r e pond e r a n ce o f r i gh t ce r e b r al h e m i s ph e r e ( un i n telli g e n t s e n t i m e n t a lit y ) o r l op s i d e d l y d e v el op ed le f t ce r e b r al c o r tex ( d r y call o u s l og ic). Shr a ddha (w h ich is e n li gh te n m e n t a s s o ciated w i th f u ll b l o ss o m i n g a n d c o m p l e m e n t a r y f u n cti on i n g o f r i gh t a n d le f t c e r e b r al c o r te x e s ); bu il d s u p t h r oug h NA M A S M A R AN. S h r a ddh a e n a b les u s to v i v i d ly s ee a n d e xp e r ie n ce t h e i n t r i n s ic un ity a n d h a r m o n y in t h e i n m a t es o f t h e w o r ld a n d e m po w e r s u s t o e xp r ess ho l i s tic po licie s , p la n s a n d p r og r a m s ( s o l u ti on s ) c ondu ci v e to t h e i nd i v i d u al a n d un i v e r s al b l o ss o m i ng ; w ho le h ea r te d ly a n d b r a v el y . NA M A S M A R AN AND V A L U E C R I S I S S T R E SS a n d v al u e c r i s i s a r e i n t e r w ov en i n t r icate l y . W h i ch is t h e ca u s e a n d w h ich is t h e r e s u lt; i s d i ff ic u lt to s a y ! Ma n y o f u s ar e no t e v en awa r e o f w h at i s v al u e c r i s i s . Val u e c r i s i s m e a n s b ei n g m i s gu i d ed with r e s p ect to ou r a i m s, ob j e cti v es a n d pu r po s e o f l i f e . Val u e c r i s i s m ea n s c o n f lic t s a n d c on f u s i o n with r e s p e ct to ou r m i ssi on s a n d a m b iti on s in l i f e. Val u e c r i s i s m ea n s m i sc on ce p ti on s a b ou t w h at we li k e, l ov e, r e s p ect, a do r e a n d d e d icate t o . Val u e c r i s i s m e a n s i n a b ility to d eici d e a n d i m p l e m e n t o u r i nn ate c ho ice s . Val u e c r i s i s m e a n s d i ff ic u l t y in i n te r n al e v al u ati o n a n d p r i o r itizati on . Val u e c r i s i s is un ce r tai n t y ; in g i v i n g m o r e ; o r l e ss i m po r ta n ce to ou r li k e s , d i s li k e s , p r i n ci p le s , r e l ati on s a n d li v i n g a cc o r d i ng l y .

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Va r i ou s i n f l u e n ces f r o m ou r bod y , m i nd , m e d ia a n d p ee r s c r eate t h e ov e r all v al u e s y s t e m a n d i t s c r i s i s . A cc o r d i ng l y ; we d e si r e to b e s o m e on e d i ff e r e n t; t h an ou r b e s t c ho ice. I n t h e p r o c e ss we r e m ain unh a pp y a n d un s atis f i ed e v en a m i d s t a r e a s on a b le we l l t o d o c ond iti o n , b eca u s e; n eit h e r d o we acc o m p l i s h o u r i nn ate d r e a m s n o r d o we s u cceed in t h e pu r s u i t s we g et t r a pp ed i n t o ! H o w h as t h is v al u e c r i s i s d e v el op ed in I nd ia a n d t h e w o r l d ? O n ce upo n a t i m e t h e qu e s ti o n “ H o w a r e y ou ? ” a n d t h e a n s w e r to t h i s qu e s ti on ; i m p lie d ; “ ho w k ee n l y a n d c o m p le t ely we a dh e r e to ou r r eli g i ou s du ties le a d i n g to ‘ c onn ecti o n with G od ’ ”. O u r s u cc e ss a n d f ail u r e a n d ou r p l e a s u r e s a n d p ai n s a l s o ; d e p e nd ed t h i s ; i rr e s p ecti v e o f g l a m ou r a n d g litte r , w h ich w e r e l o at h ed as g a r b a g e, i f p o s s e s sed at t h e c o s t o f r eli g i ou s du tie s . T h e p r e ce p ts in v a r i ou s r eli g i on s a n d et h i c s we r e f o r m u lated s o a s to d e v el o p c onn ecti o n with G o d as p er on e ’ s a g e , ca p acit y , r e l ati on s h ip in f a m i l y , se a s on , ci r c u m sta n c e s etc. H o we v e r ; t h e s e d a y s ; e v e r y t i m e we a s k t h i s qu esti on , o r we h a v e to a n s w e r t h i s qu e s ti o n ; we t h i n k o f ou r ph y s ical c ond iti on , cl i m a te; s al ar y , s al a r y o f c h il d r en etc. a n d N E V E R a bou t “ c onn ecti o n with G od ”. Nat u r al l y i f we h a v e a m a s s ed wealt h ; we a r e p r ou d a n d a rr og a n t a n d i f we h a v e n ’ t; t h en w e a r e m e ek a n d s u b m i ssi v e. S i m il a r ly if we a r e r obu s t a n d ph y s ical l y s t u r d y , t h en we f e el “ o n t o p o f t h e w o r l d ” a n d i f we a r e aili n g ph ys ical l y ; we f e el m i s e r a b l e . S o m e on e can a r gu e; “ we d o no t s ee a n d und e r s ta n d t h e c onn ecti o n o f G od ”! S o ; we a s k an d a n s wer w h at i s p e r ce p ti b le! I n o t h er w o r d s ; we

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h a v e d u m p ed t h e p r o f oun d a n cie n t; a n d o f all t i m e s ; w i s d o m a n d h a v e c ho s en to r e m ain i mm er s ed in s up e r f icial p e r ce p ti on s a n d p etti n e s s. W e d u m p ed t h e a n cie n t w i s d o m o f “ c onn ecti o n with G od ” a n d s t a r ted w o r s h i pp i n g a n d boo s ti n g t h e h y ste r i cal c r aze f o r p et t y s u cc e ss at t h e c o s t o f “ c onn ecti o n with G od ”; a s w ell a s t h e v i o le n t re acti on s to s u ch c r aze, lea d i n g to ub i qu it ou s s t r e s s ! T h is v al u e c r i s i s h as e m e r g ed a n d s p r ea d ; li k e a wild f ir e; b eca u se o f we b ei n g d i s c onn ected fr o m G o d i.e. ou r t r u e s e l v es a n d ob li v i ou s to t h e as s e r ti o n o f ou r t r u e sel v e s ; i. e . ou r D H A R M A . T h e m a x i m u m , r e s p ect o r f o ll o wi n g o f D H A R MA a n d SH A S T R A; w a s a c h e r i s h ed v al u e in t h e p a s t. I t h a s b ec o m e f ee b le a n d a l m o s t i n e ff ecti v e t od a y ! B ei n g d isc onn ected fr o m ou r t r u e s e l v e s ; h a s led u s to b ec o m e ou r o wn ca r icat u r e s. A s a r e s u lt; w e h a v e b een d e p r i v ed o f t h e sap o f v itali t y a n d b ec o m e l i s tl e s s n e s s , e m a ciate d , i nd i v i du ali s tic, p ett y , a n d s up e r f i c ial. O u r p e r s p ecti v e a n d t h i nk i n g h a v e b ec o m e s ec t a r ia n , m ea n , f a n atic a n d fr a g m e n te d . T h i s i s t h e b e g i nn i n g o f v al u e c r i s i s . T hu s ; w e a r e i n c r e a s i ng ly ov e r ta k en b y t h e v al u e o f un a b ated un lea s h i n g o f i nd i v i du ali s m ( fr ee fr o m a n y s o r t o f s e l f kno wle dg e a n d c on s cie n ce) a n d a r e ov e r w h e l m ed b y t h e c r a v i n g to f u l f ill ou r i nd i v i du al w h i m s a n d f a n ci e s , m a k i n g qu ick m on e y , f a m e a n d po p u la r ity a n d all k i nd s o f po wer a n d sway o n p e op le; e v en at t h e c o s t o f o t h e r s ! T h is i s v al u e c r i s i s , w h ich f u r t h er c r u m b l e s ou r p e r s p ecti v e , po lici e s , p r og r a m s, p la n s a n d t h eir i m p l e m e n tati o n at i nd i v i d u al a n d g l ob al le v el s ; a n d p r odu ces S T R E SS in e v e r y walk o f l i f e! T h e m e d ia i s a l s o i mm er s ed a n d i n t ox icated b y i nd i v i du ali s m a n d h e n ce k ee p s o n c r e ati ng ; t h e t e m p ti n g h y p e o f ho ll o w g l a m o u r a n d p etty

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s u cc e s s e s in i nd i v i du ali s tic pu r s u it s ; b e s i d e s at t r i bu ti n g g l o r i f i ed m a r t yr d o m to p et t y f ail u r e s ; a s in c a se o f s o m e nov e l s a n d m ov i e s ! Si n ce t h e m e d ia hyp e la r g ely d eci d e s t h e cele b r i t y s tat u s a n d we (w h o h a v e b ec o m e ou r o wn ca r ic a t u r e s ) f o l l o w t h e cele b r it i es in d i ff e r e n t f i el d s ; ou r p etti n ess a n d h e n ce v al u e c r i s is i s f u r t h er r e i n f o r c e d . Tr a pp ed in t h is w a y ; in v al u e c r i s i s ; we all vo te; a n d f o r m a s s e m b li e s a n d p a r li a m e n t s , w h ich d eci d e t h e c on te n ts a n d d r a f ti n g o f t h e l a w s ; w h ich p r o tect a n d p r o m o te t h e v e s ted i n te r e s t s o f f ew at c o s t o f b illi on s ; a n d d o no t p r ov i d e a n y j u s tic e ; a n d in t u r n e x ace r b ate ou r v al u e c r i s i s a n d S T R E S S ! As a re s u lt, we ei t h er b ec o m e “ s u cc e ss f u l” in ou r i nd i v i du ali s tic a n d a n ti h u m an pu r s u i t s; o r we b ec o m e “ f a il u r e” a n d t u r n t o w a r d s c r i m e s a n d s u ici d al ac t i v ities. T h e r e m ai n i n g a m ong s t u s ; l e ad t h e l i f e o f c o m p r o m i s e s . I n a n y c a s e; we a r e S T E SS E D; b eca u s e; i nd i v i d u alis m ; t h e r oo t o f v al u e c r i s i s ; N E VE R g i v e s t h e f u l f il l m e n t a n d s at i s f acti o n to a n y bod y . I n f act; it h as ca ugh t u s in a s tate o f s u f f o c ati o n a n d S T R E S S, t h r oug h w h ich we a r e un a b le to f i n d a w a y ou t. T h e r et u r n to t h e o ld v al u e o f r e s p ect i n g DH A R MA a n d SHAS T R A a pp ear to b e v e r y d i ff ic u lt, b eca u s e D H A R MA a n d SH A S T R A o f a n y p a r tic u lar r eli g i o n a r e no t li k e l y to b e acce p ted b y o r e v en b e n e f i cial to t h e w ho le w o r l d . T h e s o l u ti o n in t h is ST R E S S o f v al u e c r i s i s i s e vo l v i n g i nd i v i du alism i n to S EL F R E A LI Z A T I ON a n d d e m o c r aci e s i n to G L O B A L B L OSS O M I NG. O n e o f t h e s i m p l e st w a y s f o r t h i s ; i s ; t h e p r actice o f NAM A SM A R AN, w h ich is t h e c o r e o f T o tal S t r e ss M a n a g e m e n t; a n d w h ich “ r ec onn ects u s with ou r po w er hou s e” o r “wate r s ou r r oo t s ”!

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I n a b s e n ce o f NA MA S M A R A N , f o r m a l t eac h i n g o r p r op a g ati n g o f s o m e a r b i t r a r y c o d e o f c ondu ct ( und er t h e gu i s e o f a v a l u e s y s t e m ) b ec o m e s ; alie n , un s u ita b le o r r e pu l s i v e t o ; d i f f e r e n t p e op le in d i f f e r e n t p a r ts o f t h e w o r l d ; b el ong i n g to d i f f er e n t c u lt u r es, r eli g i on s a n d s o ci o ec on o m ic c o nd iti on s . I t i s a l m o s t i m pos s i b le to a rr i v e at d e m o c r atic a ll y ; to a un i v e r s al l y acce p ta b le c od e o f c ondu ct. S u ch e f f o r t s in f o r m al e du cati o n o r in t h e p r op a g a nd a; b ec o m e p itia b le a n d u tte r l y i n e ff ecti v e in s e r v i n g t h e pu r po s e o f r ect i fy i n g t h e v al u e c r i s i s a n d t h e S T R E SS p r odu ced b y it. T h e C ON Q U E S T o f v al u e c r i s i s ; w ou ld b e i n c r easi ng ly s u cc e ss f u l; t h r oug h NAMA S M A R AN c oup led with act u al a n d g l ob al i m p le m e n t a ti o n o f ho li s tic m e d ici n e, ho li s tic e du cati on , ho li s tic a g r ic u lt u r e, a n d ho li s tic la w s a n d s o o n , to k eep o n c on ti nuou s ly d e v el op i n g an e nv i r o n m e n t to cata l y z e S E L F R E A L IZ A TI ON a n d G L O B A L B L OS S OM I NG. I t i s t h e n ; w h en t h e w o r k i n g c ond iti on s , m on et ar y r e t u r n s a n d pub lic a pp r ai s al a n d acc o la d e s ; r e q u i r ed f o r s m oo th p r og r e ss to S E L F R E A L I Z A TI ON a n d G LO B AL B L OSS O M I NG ar e a v aila b le f o r all o f u s in d i ff e r e n t j ob s o r p r o f e s s i on s ; t h at t h e ph il o s oph ical no ti on ; “ e v e r y w o r k h as i ts o wn d i gn ity a n d g l a m o u r ” w ou ld b e act u a lly v i nd icate d . I t i s t h en t h at we a l l can li v e to t h e b e s t o f ou r s at i s f a cti on ; a n d C O NQ UE R S T R E SS o f v al u e c r i s i s ; b y go i n g to t h e r oo t o f ou r j o b a n d c hu r n i n g ou t t h e r e s u l t s b e n e f ici a l to ou r s el v e s a n d t h e m a nk i n d a n d t h e r e b y k eep f acil i tati n g t h e well n e s s c y c l e! I t c an b e a c h ie v ed b y un i v e r s al p r a ctice a n d p r op a g ati o n o f NA M A S M A R A N , j a p a, jaa p , j i k r a etc!

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NA M A S M A R A N , S T R E S S , D H AR M A, C O S M I C D YN A M I CS AND N A M A S M ARAN T h e m i c r o c o s m ic a n d m ac r o c o s m i c m a n i f e s t ati on s o f m o v e m e n ts, c o l o r s , s ound s , r hy t h m s, m el od y , b e h a v i o r s a n d t h e e m o ti on al r elati on s h i p s ; a m o ng s t t h e non li v i n g a n d li v i n g f o r m s ; a r e i n t r i c ate a n d s ub tle. T h ey a r e b e y on d on e ’ s i n tell ec t u al c o m p r e h e n s i o n a n d e v en i m a g i n ati on . All t h at we s ee a n d e v en p e r cei v e; i s d e f i n ed a n d re s t r i c ted b y t h e c h a r acte r i s t ic s o f o u r s e n s o r y r ece p t o r s a n d t h e l i m ita t i on s o f c e r e b r al c o r tex a n d h e n ce; f o r m s a s m all fr act i o n o f w h at act u al l y “ e x i s t s ” a r oun d ; a n d w h at “we a r e ” ! Act u ally t h e c on c e p t o f “e x i s t e n ce” h as a l s o b een bo r n fr o m ou r ph y s i o l og ically l i m i te d ; t houg h c u m u lati v e f r a m ew o r k o f i n tel l i g e n ce; t h r oug h t h e ci v ilizati on s . W e a r e e n t r ai n ed to as s u m e; t h at w h ate v er we “ p e r cei v e” o r “ e xp e r ie n ce”; e x i s t s , a n d w h at we d o no t; do es no t “ e x ist”! T hu s w e h a v e “ le a r n t” to c on ce p t u alize b i r th a n d d eath s e p a r ated b y e x i s te n ce! I t i s a k i n d o f a dd icti o n to s u ch b eli e f t h at we f eel e x t r e m el y un c o mf o r t a b le a n d s o r r y with e v en t h e t hough t o f non e x i s te n ce o r d eat h . He n ce; t r u l y s p ea k i ng ; e v en t h e fr act i o n we p e r cei v e; m ay no t b e in c ong r u e n ce o r in c on s on a n ce with t h e c o r e o f n at u r e. T h is alie n ati o n o r s e p a r ati o n f r o m t h e c o r e o f t h e n at u r e o r c o s m i c c on sc i ou s n es s ; i s t h e ca u s e o f in h e r e n t r e s tl e s s n e ss in m o st o f u s. T h is s e p a r ati o n fr o m t h e c o r e; a n d t h e a dd icti o n o f i nd i v i du al

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“ e x i s te n ce” o r “ li v i ng ” m a n i f e s t s in t h e b e h a v i o r ; a s ; e . g . s t r ugg le f o r e x i s te n ce, w h ich i s a pp a r e n tly gov e r n ed a n d d i r ected b y ph y s ical n ee d s. T h e s e p a r ati o n fr o m t h e c o r e; m a n i f e s t s la t e r , in t h e s t r u gg les a n d w a r s m o ti v a t ed b y i n s t i n cts a n d p a s s i on s , a s p i r ati o n s , a n d a m b i t i on s o f i m p o s i ng , po s s e s s i ng , c on t r o lli ng , a n d o w n i n g a n d s o on . T h is s e p a r ati o n f r o m t h e c o r e o f n at u r e; a l s o m a n i f e s t s a t p e r s on al le v e l s in t h e d is s at i s f acti on , f r o m m o m e n t to m o m e n t; a n d d is s a tis f acti o n in d i ff e r e n t p er s on al i n te r acti on s . T h e s e p a r ati o n f r o m t h e c o r e o f n at u r e g i v es r i s e to s t r on g o r weak p re j ud ices a n d li k e s a n d d i s l i k e s ; in ou r m i n d s ; a n d t h e s e m a n i f e s t in d i f f e r e n t wal k s o f l i f e we w o r k i n ! T h e p r o c e ss o f s t u d y a n d p r actice o f T o tal St r ess Ma n a g e m e n t i nvo l v e s ; t h e und e r s ta nd i n g o f ou r alie n ati o n o r s e p a r ati o n fr o m t h e c o r e o f t h e n at u r e o r c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n ess ( ou r t r u e se l f ) f ir s t; a n d ou r r e uni f icati o n with it s ub s e qu e n tl y . W e can c a ll t h i s; “ c on s ci ou s e vo l u ti on a r y t r a n s f o r m a ti on ” o r i nd i v i du al a n d g l o b al b l o ss o m i ng . S u ch clear v i s i o n a n d a pp r eciati o n o f t h e un i v e r s e; i s a b l o s s o m i n g e xp e r ie n ce. T h e i nd i v i du als g et f r e ed f r o m t h e s ub jecti v it y ; a n d b l o s s o m i n to ob j ecti v e “ e x i s te n ce” a n d m e r g e with t h e c o r e o f n a t u r e! W ith s u ch m e r g e r t h e “ s t r ugg le” f o r i nd i v i du al e x i s te n ce e n d s ! T h i s i s t h e r oo t o f DH A R M A a s well as s ou l o f D HA R MA. T h e t r a d iti on s , c u s t o m s, c onv e n ti o n s , a n d e v en m a nn e r s a n d e ti qu ettes a r e e vo l v ed in c ong r u e n ce a n d c on s on a n ce w i th t h is e s s e n ce o f DH A R M A. T h r oug h s u ch b l o s s o m i n g e xp e r ie n c e ; we r ealize t h at i n d i v i du al s ub j e cti v it y , c on s t i t u ti on s , ca p a b iliti e s a n d s k il l s a r e d i f f e r e n t. I n tellect u al, e m o t i on al, i n s ti n ct u al a n d ph y s ical n ee d s a r e v a r ia b le. T h i s is s o a cc o r d i n g to t h e d i ff e r e n t s t a g es o f e vo l u ti on , in d i ff e r e n t p e op le, a g es a n d s it u ati on s. D i ff e r e n t i nd i v i d u als d o d i ff e r e n t t h i ng s s o t h at t h e

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n at u r al o r d i v i n e o r c h e s t r a; o r t h e c o s m i c d a n ce c on ti n u e s ; with all its s p le ndo r , m el od y a n d c h a r m ; w h ile s i m u l t a n e ou s ly op e n i n g all t h e po ss i b iliti e s a n d oppo r t un ities f o r e v e r y i nd i v i du al to b l o ss o m to h i s / h er f u ll e s t po te n tial s ! T h is i s called h i s o r h er S W A - D H A R MA i m p l y i n g t h e e xp r es s i o n o f t h e i nn ate c o r e! T h is i s w h y ; D HA R MA a n d S W AD H A R MA h a v e s u c h p a r a m oun t i m p o r ta n ce in ou r l i f e. I f we und e r s t a n d t h i s ; t h en we w ou ld b e a b le to t r a n s c e n d t h e c on f l icts, c on t r ov e r s i e s , c h a o s a n d c o n f u s i on ; ov er d i ff e r e n t i d e o l og i e s , t h ei s m , at h e i s m , o r g a n ized r eli g i on s , c onv e r s i o n s a n d s o on ! F r o m a no t h er poi n t o f v iew; all t h e s ub j ecti v ity i s c on t i ng e n t in t h e “ o b j ecti v ity in a n d a r ound , w h ich is t h e ete r n al m a s t e r a n d m a n a g er o f t h e c o s m ic o r c h e s t r a”! T h e un i v e r s e i s f illed with t h i s i n n ate h a r m on y ; v i b r a n t with o r c h e s t r ated r h y t h m ! DH A R M A a n d S W A D H A R MA; e m bod y e m u l ati o n o f t h i s c o s m ic o r c h e s t r a at i nd i v i du al, s o cia l , g l ob al a n d un i v e r s al l e v el s , b y i d e n t i fy i n g a n d p e r f o r m i n g t h e r e s p ecti v e r o les! T h e g r eat e r t h e a c c u r acy in e m u lati on , t h e g r e ater w ou ld t h e r h y t h m , h a r m on y a n d m e l od y in un i v e r s e a n d v ice v er s a . T h is s t ate o f i d e n ti f i cati o n o f on e ’ s r o le a n d its a s s e r ti o n ; m a r k ed b y v ict o r y ov er r e s tl e s s n e ss ( bo r n ou t o f s e p a r ati o n f r o m t h e c o r e o f n at u r e), is i m p lied in t h e p r eac h i n g o f M a r at h i s ai n t s ; “T H E V I L E A N AN T E T A I SE C HI R A HA V E , C H I TT I ASO DYA V E S A M AD HAN” ( E s s e n ce: P e r cei v e t h e d i v i n e p lan o f t h e A l m i gh ty; t h e c o m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s ; e v e r y m o m e n t; a n d li v e a n d b l o s s o m h a p p ily in it)!

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I n v iew o f t h e “ f all o f t h e lea v e s ” o f t h e t r ee o f D HA R MA; i .e. d e cli n e a n d d i s a pp ea r a n ce o f m o s t o f t h e t r a d i ti on s a n d c u s t o m s; t h e r e i s a n eed f o r n ew t r a d iti on s , n ew c u s t o m s a n d n ew w a y o f l i f e; w h ich can b e d e v el op ed with g l o b al c on s e n s u s ; t h r o ug h r ealizati o n o f t h e i nn ate un it y . T h e i m m o r tal gu r u s a n d e s p ecia l ly S h r i B r a h m ac h aita n y a Ma h a r a j G ond a v ale k a r ; h a v e b een p r eac h i n g f o r m ille nn ia; t h at NAM A SM A R AN a n d its e c s t atic, s ub j ecti v e a n d ob j ec t i v e e xp e r ie n ce; b r i n g a bou t r e j uv e n ati o n o f D H A R M A a n d e m bod y t h e c o r e o f DH A R M A! NA M A S M A R AN AND T EM P L E S H o w m a n y t e m p l e s a r e in acti v e p r a c tice, p r o m o ti o n a n d p r op a g ati o n o f acti v ities c ondu ci v e to se l f r eali z ati on ? H o w m a n y o f t h e m can b e called with ce r tai n t y t h e un i v e r s iti e s o f i m m o r tali t y ? T h ey a pp e a r to b e at b e s t ce n te r s o f e s ca p i s m a n d s te r i l e s o lac e ; t o tal l y c u t o f f fr o m t h e d a y to d a y t r a n s a c ti on s a n d t h e c h alle n g es t h e r ei n . O f ten t h e r e i s p r o m o ti o n o f r u m o r s a bou t h o w m und a n e d esi r e s a r e f u l f ille d ; in r et u r n o f s o m e e xp e n s i v e r it u a l s ; lea d i n g to s up e r stiti on s . M o r e ov er t h e as s o ciati o n o f m a n y und e s i r a b le t h i ng s with t h e m ; c r e at e s s e r i ou s doub ts a n d s u s p ici o n a bou t t h e b e n e f icial a s p ects o f t e m p l e s . T h is l ea d s to r eacti v e a n d w ell m e a n i n g bu t i n a p pr op r iate c r itic i s m o f t h e t e m p l e s . M a j o r i t y o f t h e t e m p le s h a v e b ec o m e ec on o m ical l y h e l p less a n d p a r a s it i c i n s tit u ti on s d e p e nd e n t o n t h e m e r c y o f gov e r n m e n t, g r ace o f lea d e r s i nvo l v ed in p a r t i s an po litics, s y m p at h y o f dono r s a n d vo l un tee r s . O f ten t h e c ele b r at i on s a n d d e vo ti on al acti v iti e s b ec o m e m e a n s o f e x t o r ti o n a n d elect o r al po litics. W h y h as t h is h a pp e n e d ?

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T h e i nd i v i du ali s tic pu r s u i t s a n d p etty c on s i d e r ati on s (K a li y ug ) h a v e ta k en t o ll o f t h e o r i g i n al i d ea s , c on ce p ts a n d f un cti on i n g o f te m p l e s . A s a r e s u lt, t h e ce n te r s o f e x celle n ce in e v e r y p o ss i b le w a y ; w h ich se r v ed to e m a n ci p ate i nd i v i du als a n d t h e s o cie t y a n d e m a n ated re j uv e n ati n g a n d r e v italizi n g i n f l u e n ce o n m o s t o f t h e i nd i v i d u als v i s iti n g a n d p a r tici p ati n g in t h e t e m p le acti v iti e s (c ondu ci v e to i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ); h a v e b ec o m e d i s e a s ed i n s tit u ti on s o r t h e f o c u s es o f d i s e a s e s . C an t h i s b e r ect i f i e d ? Yes. Si n ce N A MA i s t h e e v er nu r t u r i n g c o r e o f c o s m o s a n d c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ; NA MA S M A R AN i s t h e way! T h r oug h NAM A SM A R AN we can re- e xp l o r e, r e j uv e n ate a n d r e e s ta b l i s h t h e g l o r i ou s f un cti on i n g o f te m p l e s in all t h eir r ic hn e ss a n d t h eir b e n e vo le n ce! T hu s v i b r a n t a n d ho li s t i c ; a g r ic u lt u r al, ho r tic u lt u r al, c o w r ea r i ng , r elated i n d u s t r i e s , h ealth a n d f it n e ss ce n te r s , e du cati on al acti v itie s ; can s p r i n g f r o m t h e e n li gh te n m e n t i n te g r al to NAM A SM A R AN! E v en t h e la w s r el a ted to t e m p l e s can e m e r g e m o r e acc u r ate a n d b e n e vo le nt ! NA M A S M A R AN AND D H A R M A DH A R M A e m bod ies a t r a ns - t e m po r a l, o m n i s cie n t, o m n i p r e s e n t, o m n i po te n t s up er c on s ci ou s ph e n o m e non ; o f un iti n g a n d h a r m on izi n g t h e un i v e r s e. I t i s kno wle dg e a n d r ealizati o n o f t r u e s e l f ; a n d c on s e qu e n t i n tellect u al, e m o t i on al, i n s ti n ct u al a n d ph y s ical b e h a v i o r ; b y p e op le; lea d i n g to m u t u al b l o ss o m i n g i n to c o s m ic c o n s ci ou s n e s s . DH A R M A i s n eit h er r eli g i o n no r s ci e n ce. I t is no t no n r eli g i o n a n d no t no n s cie n ce. H o w e v e r ; it e m bod ies a n d e n c o m p a s s e s sc i e n ce a n d

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r eli g i on ! DH A R M A i n c o r po r at e s no t on ly m a nk i n d b e l ong i n g to d i ff e r e n t r eli g i on s a n d r e g i on s ; bu t w ho le un i v e r s e a n d i ts i n m at e s ! DH A R M A i s b l o s s o m i n g o f li v i n g b ei ng s b e y on d t h eir s ub j ecti v it y ; i n to ob j ecti v it y ; f o r i nd i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i ng ! ADH A R MA i s t h e oppo s ite. I t i s f u ll o f s u b j ecti v e, s up e r f icia l , p et t y , m e an a n d d i s r up ti v e; t h i nk i ng , f e eli ng s a n d a c ti on s . T h e p r opo r ti o n o f m a n i f e s tati o n o f D H A R MA a n d A D H A R MA k eep v a ry i n g f r o m t i m e to t i m e. W h en m o r e p e op le b ec o m e i n c r e a s i ng ly awa r e o f s up er c o n s ci ou s un iti n g ph e n o m e no n un iti n g t h eir h ea r t s with t h e h ea r t s o f t h e r e s t, t h en t h e p r opo r ti o n o f D H A R MA b ec o m e s m o r e a n d AD H R A MA b ec o m e s l e ss. W h en m o r e p e op le c on sci ou s ly o r un c on s ci ou s ly f u n cti o n acc o r d i n g to DH A R M A; (i nd i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i ng ) r i gh t f r o m t h e b i r th to d eat h , in e v e r y s e a s on , t h r oug h ou t 2 4 h our s ; a n d in a n y c o r n er o f t h e w o r l d ; t h e DH A R MA b ec o m e s p r e v ale n t . SA T V A G U NA p r op els p e op le to y e a r n f o r und e r s ta nd i n g a n d r ealizi n g t h e DH A R MA a n d d eal e v e r y p r ob l e m in a ho li s tic f a s h i on . H o li s tic v i s i o n b r i ng s a bou t b l o s s o m i n g o f all acti v itie s ; i n to D H A R MA i .e. t h e s up r e m e e xp e r ie n c e o f t h e i nn ate un i v e r s al un ity a n d h ar m on y , b y i n m at e s o f t h e un i v e r s e . T h e R A J O G UNA lea d s to l o p s i d e d , a n al y tical a n d r e du cti on i s t t h i nk i n g b e r e f t o f ho li s tic p e r s p e cti v e. T h is t h i nk i ng ; lea d s to a k i n d o f a n i m o s i t y b etwee n ; t h e t h e i s t , at h e i s t, s p i r i t u al, m a t e r ial; a n d d i ff e r e n t i d e o l o g ies a n d d i ff e r e n t r eli g i on s . T hi s c h a r act er ized b y ; t h i nk i n g in on e wa y , f eeli n g in a no t h er way a n d y e a r n i n g t h r oug h p a ss i on s in y et a no t h er wa y ! T h i s i s p r ec i sely t h e ca u se o f c h a o s in t h e g l ob al a n d i nd i v i d u al

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li f e. T A M OGU N A l ea d s to p r e v ale n ce o f d a r k f o r c e s o f f a n atici s m , b i go t ry , let h a r g y , a d a m a n c y , i nd i s c r i m i n ate h at r e d , m ali c e, v ici o u s n es s ; a n d c o e r ci v e, c r u el a n d i nd i s c r i m i n ate v i o le n ce to i m p o s e t h eir op i n i on s , w h i m s a n d f a n c i es; und er gu i s e o f r e l i g i on , ph il o s oph y o r i d e o l ogy . P r e pond e r a n ce o f R A J O G U NA a n d T A M O G UNA p r o m o t e t h e ADH A R MA. T h e i m m o r tal gu r u s s a y t h at; N A M A SM A R A N, i .e. J A AP, J A P , J IK R A, SUM I R AN, S I M A R A N i. e . r e m e m b e r i n g on e ’ s t r u e s e l f ; le t s u s g r a du ally b l o s s o m at i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al le v el s ; a n d e xp e r ie n ce t h e i nn ate un i v e r s al u n ity a n d h a r m on y ; a n d c onqu er t h e ADH A R M A . O n e m a y ; i f on e c hoo s e s t o ; g r ab t h e go l d en c h a n ce to v e r i f y t h is s tat e m e n t. NA M A S M A R AN AND T U K AR A M C H AI T AN Y A Near Na nd ed (A c i ty in t h e s t a te o f M a h a r a s h t r a in I nd ia); t h e r e i s a s m all p lace called Ye h el g a on . T h e r e li v ed an e x t re m e l y p i ou s a n d ill u s t r i ou s D e s h a s t h a Y a j u r v e d i B r a h m i n c oup le n a m ed K a s h i n at hp a n t a n d Pa r v ati. T h ey d id no t h a v e an is s u e. A f te r p e n a n ce f o r s o m e y e ar s ; P a r v ati g a v e b i r th o n Ka r ti k i E k a d a s h i o f s h a k a 174 5 i.e. r ough ly 182 3 AD; to a b r i g h t s o n a s p e r t h e p r o m ise o f Dei t y S h r i Datta t r e y a, w h o h ad as s u r ed h er i n d r e a m ; t h at h e w ou ld i n ca r n ate a s h e r s on . T h ey n a m ed h i m T uk a r a m . L ater h e w a s n a m e d T uk a r a m C h a i t a n y a b y h is gu r u ; S w a m i C h i n m a y a n a nd a o f U m a r kh e d . T h e o t h er two d i s c i p les o f C h i n m a y a n a nd a we r e G o c h a r sw a m i a n d S h r i S h ewal k a r .

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T uk a r a m C h a i ta ny a later b ec a m e t h e s p i r it u al gu r u o f S h r i B r a h m a c h aita n y a Ma h a r a j G ond a v ale k a r ; a r oun d 1860 . T h e S a m a dh i o f T uk a r a m C h aita n y a is in Ye h el g a o n a n d t h at o f C h i n m a y a n a nd a i s in U m a r kh e d . I n e v er ca m e a c r o ss a n y i n f o r m ati o n a bou t t h e li f e o f Ch i n m a y a n a nd a, G o c h a r sw a m i, S h r i S h ewal k a r , S h r i T uk a r a m C h a i ta ny a a n d S h r i B r a h m ac h aita n y a; in a n y o f m y c u r r i c u lar book s ; du r i n g m y e du cati on ; till I p as s ed m y MD ( P h y s i o l og y ). I h a v e w r itten t h is s m all write u p as a h o m a g e a n d t r i bu t e to P r o f . K . V. B e l s a r e; w h o w r o t e t h e b i og r a ph y o f S h r i B r a h m ac h ait a n y a M a h a r a j G ond a v le k a r ; a n d p r ov i d ed t h is e x t r e m el y v ital a n d v a l u a b le i n f o r m ati o n t o u s . I t i s b y v i r t u e o f r e a d i n g t h is b i og r a ph y (t houg h t h e u lti m a te c o n t r o l is o f ; GOD, c o s m ic c on sci ou s n es s , o r S A D G U R U); t h at I go t i nvo l v ed in NAM A SM A R AN a n d und e r s t oo d t h at: I nd ia is un i qu e in h er g r eat e s t e v er tr ea s u r e o f c onn ect i o n with G o d (t h e ete r n al i m m o r tal b l is s , t h e a b s o l u te o b j ec t i v e t r u t h , t h e c o s m i c c on s ci ou s ne s s ); t h r ough ; t h ou s a n d o f h er ill u s t r i ou s s o n s a n d d a ugh te r s ; t h e s ai n t s , p r oph et s , see r s a n d y og is. 1 . I n o t h er w o r d s ; I n d ia ’ s t r e a s u r e i s ; e t e r n al i m m o r t al b l i s s ; p e r s on i f ied t h r oug h ou t t h e h i s t o ry ; ov er m ille nn i a . T h e u lt i m a t e s o la c e f o r a n y i nh a b ita n t o f t h e un i v e r s e; i s s aid to b e; t h e ete r n al i m m o r tal b l is s ; m e n ti on ed a bov e. N o t h i n g el s e; ho w m u ch e v er h y p e d ; c o m e s to r e s c u e! He n ce; p e op le o f t h e w o r l d ; w h en g e t e x a s p e r ated a n d e xh a u s te d ; b y r eli g i ou s , i n tel l ec t u al, i d e o l og ical a n d po litical c on f l i c t s a n d i nd i s c r i m i n ate v i o l e n ce o r i ndu l g e n ce t h at d r ai n s t h e s p i r it a n d e r od es fr o m wit h i n ; b e g in to s e ek p eace a n d h a r m on y d e s p e r at e l y . T h ey g et it in I nd ia. 2 . 3 . 4 .

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T h is i s a l s o b eca u se; e v en a s I nd ia m ay l oo k sick a n d s u lt ry ; a n d b e r i d ic u led a n d b et r a y ed b y h er o wn i n h a b ita n t s ; fr o m t i m e to t i m e ; t h e p laces o f p il g r i m a g e; s p r e ad in noo k a n d c o r n er o f I nd ia; oo ze ou t a n d e m a n ate a m b r o s ia o f ete r n al i m m o r t a l b lis s ; a n d p r ov i d e s o lace to e v e r y v i s it o r ; w it hou t a n y k i n d o f d is c r i m i n ati on ! T h e s ee k e r s o f t r u t h fr o m a n y a n d e v e r y c o r n er o f t h e w o r l d ; a r e boun d to g et t h e i n s p i r ati o n to p r actice NA MA SM A R A N a n d d e v el o p ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e, po licie s , p la n s, p r og r a m s a n d t h eir i m p l e m e n tati on ; s o m u ch p i vo tal a n d v ital in i nd i v i du al an d un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i n g i.e. ho l i s tic r e n ais s a n c e in I nd i a. F u r t h e r ; t h ey a r e s u r e to g et a m b r o sia o f et e r n al i m m o r tal b l i s s , in I nd i a . 5 . 6 . NA M A S M A R AN AND P R AR A B D H A O n ce upo n a t i m e; t h e r e w e r e s o m e p e op le; s itti n g o n a g r ound ; a n d c ry i ng ; w h ile ho l d i n g t he ir no s t r i l s ti g h tl y . A s ai n t w a s p as s i n g b y . H e s aw t h e m a n d a s k ed c o m p as s i on atel y , " W h y a r e y o u c r y i ng " ? T h ey s aid " W e a r e s u f f o cate d " . T h e s ai n t s ai d , " Y o u a r e s u f f o cate d ; b eca u s e; y o u a r e ho l d i n g y ou r no s t r i l s ti gh tl y . R e lea s e y ou r no s t r i l s ! ! " T h ey s ai d , " OK S i r ... T h a n k y o u v e r y m u ch f o r a dv i s i n g u s . Si n ce y o u a r e a m a s t e r ; i t c ou ld p r ov e to b e an e ff ecti v e s o l u ti on ! B u t; it is in ou r f ate to ho ld t h e no st r ils ti gh tl y ! W h at can we do ? I f r ele a s i n g t h e no s t r i l s is in ou r f ate ( P R A R A B D HA), in f u t u r e, t h en we will c e r tai n ly r el e ase ou r no s t r i l s . " T h e s ai n t s m i led a n d le f t . A f ter c o m i n g h o m e; h e n a r r ated t h e st o r y to h i s d i s ci p l e s ; a n d a s k ed t h e m to e xp lain w h at t h ey c ou ld le ar n fr o m it.

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O n e o f t h e d i s ci p l e s s t oo d u p a n d e xp lai n e d : W e li v e in d eli r i u m a n d a rr og a n ce; o r d e p r es s i o n a n d m e e kn e s s! W e a r e ob li v i ou s o f ou r c o n s cie n ce a n d ou r s ou l; a n d t h e u r g e n cy to s at i s f y t h e m with t h e oxyg en o f ho l i s tic p e r s p ecti v e, po licies, p la nn i ng , p r og r a m s a n d d ee d s . A s re s u lt; ou r s ou l a n d c on s cie n ce; a r e u tte r ly s u f f o ca t e d ! ! T h i s c a u s e s s e v e r e s t r ess, bu t we a r e un aw a r e o f i t s n at u r e a n d ca u s e! He n ce; we s i m p l y k eep o n g r u m b li ng . E n li gh te n ed s ou ls d e v el o p c o m p a s s i o n . T h ey s a y ; P r act i ce NAM A SM A R AN a n d e m po w er y ou r s e l f to l i s ten to y ou r s ou ls a n d c on s cie n ce a n d f o l l o w t h e m ! A s a r e s u lt; y o u w ou ld b e a b le to nu r t u r e t h e m ; t h e m with t h e ox y g en o f ho li s t i c p e r s p ecti v e, po l i cies, p la nn i ng , p r og r a m s a n d d ee d s a n d y o u w ou ld n o m o r e b e s u ff o ca t e d ! ! Y o u will ce r tai n ly s u cceed i n t h i s ; b e y on d y ou r i m a g i n ati on ; i f yo u s h a r e with o t h e r s ; t h i s wi s d o m o f t h e o m n i po te n t b e n e vo le n ce o f NAM A SM A R AN (i.e. J AP, J AA P , J I K R A, S U MI R AN, S I MA R AN i. e . r e m e m b r a n ce o f y ou r t r u e s el f ; in i n d i v i du al a n d un i v e r s a l b l o s s o m i ng. ” W e s a y , “ T h a n k yo u Si r ! I f it i s in ou r f a t e ( P R A R A B D HA); t h en we will f o ll o w y ou r a dv ice ! ” T h e s ai n t nodd ed h is h ead in a pp r ov al, e ndo r s e m e n t a n d a pp r eciati on ! NA M A S M A R A N , YA J N YA A ND SAC R I F I C E A r e Y a j n a, s a c r i f ic e a n d N A MA S M A R A N s y non y m ou s? Y a j n a i s o ff e r i ng , sac r i f i c e i s a l s o o ff e r i n g a n d NAM AS M A R AN i s a l s o o ff e r i ng ! Y a j n a i nvo l v es o ff e r i n g o f d i f f e r e n t m a t e r ia l s with a s p ec i f ied p r o ce du r e.

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Sac r i f i ce a l s o i nvo l v es o ff e r i n g o f p o s s e s s i on s i n cl ud i n g t h e n ear a n d d ear ob j e cts a n d e n titie s . NAM A SM A R AN is a g r a du al p r o c e ss ( o f Ya j n y a a n d sac r i f i c e) t h at i nvo l v es t h e o f f e r i n g o f p e r s p ecti v e , t hou g h t s , e m o ti on s , p as s i on s (i n s ti n c t s ); a n d e v e n t h e ph y s i c al n e e d s a n d e x i s te n ce. T h r oug h NAMA S M A R AN; on e r ea l izes in t h e c ou r s e o f t i m e; t h e s ub j e cti v e n at u r e o f on e ’ s t hough t s , e m o ti o n s , i n s ti n c t s a n d m ate r i al n ee d s ; r e s u lti n g f r o m t h e i n te r n al a n d e x te r n al e nv i r on m e n t; a n d d r op s t h e m ( j u s t as s n a k e d r op s h i s s k i n ) at t h e l o t u s f e et o f t h e ob j ecti v e c on s ci ou s n e ss i. e . gu r u . T h e i nd i v i du al t h u s g e t s fr e ed o f all e x a s p e r ati n g v acill a ti on s a n d a gon izi n g bu r d e n o f s u b j ecti v i t y ; a n d en te r s i n to ete r n a l f r e e d o m ; w h ile m e r g i n g with NA MA S M A R A N . T h e r e on wa r d s h e o r s h e; i s as s u r ed t h at all h i s o r h e r a s p i r ati o n s , du ti e s a n d m i s s i o n s ; a r e b ei n g ta k en ca r e o f b y ob jecti v e o r c o s m i c c on sci ou s n ess i .e. A l m i gh ty i . e. G u r u . T h e a s p i r ati on s, d u ties a n d m i s s i on s ; n o m o r e re m a in “ h i s ” o r “ h e r ”! He/ s h e g ets fr eed fr o m t h e s u b j ecti v e attac h m e n t, f a n ati c i s m , i n f at u ati o n s a n d f r u s t r ati o n s ; a n d b l o s s o m s ; i n to t h e a s p i r ati on s o f t h e e n ti r e un i v e r se (c o s m ic w ill); in t r u e s e n s e. D o es t h i s r eal l y h a pp e n ? I t i s b e s t to v e r i fy ! NA M A S M A R A N , B E L I E F , S KE P T I C I S M AND I MM O R T A L I T Y Ma n y p e op le

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1 . A dvo cate scie n t i f i c t e m p e r . 2 . P o i n t t o wa r d s t h e u s el e s s n e ss o r h ar m f u l n e ss o f D I K T AT 3 . I nd icate t h e e x p e r i m e n tal f i nd i ng s o f s t at i s tical i n s i gn i f i ca n ce o f u tility o r o t h e r wi s e; o f NA MA S M A R AN in h eali ng ; a n d 4 . Gi v e e x a m p l e o f t h e r e du ced r a te o f c r i m e s in at h e i s t s o cieti e s a n d e xp r ess s k e p tic i sm a bou t NAM A SM A R AN F o ll o wi n g is a b r i e f e xp la n ati o n to t h e m i s c on ce p ti o n t h at N A MA S M A R A N to b e d i k tat, an un s c i e n ti f i c acti v i t y a n d a r e l i g i ou s i nvo l v i n g ( b li nd ) b elief in G od . Sai n t D n y a n e s hv ar r e f e r s to N A M A S M A R AN in t h e ov is 20 0 to 20 5 in t h e n i n th c h a p ter o f D y a n e s h wa r i. A p a r t fr o m t h i s ; m o s t o f t h e s a i n t s , i n cl ud i n g Ka b ir a n d G ond a v ale k ar M a h a r aj; h a v e d e s c r i b ed t h e m e r it o f N A MA S M A R AN; b a s ed o n t h eir e xp e r ie n ce; i n t h eir w o r k s . As r e g a r d s t h e e ff ect o f N A MA S M A R A N o n h eali n g o r o t h er m ate r ial g ai n s a r e c on ce r n e d ; t h e p r act i ce o f N A M AS MA R A N do es no t i nvo l v e a n y a s s u r a n ce o f a n y ta ng i b le o r m at er ial g ai n s . A s r e g a r d s t h e r elati on s h ip o f c r i m e a n d at h e i s m ; it is e noug h to s ta t e t h at; NA M AS MA R AN do es no t i nvo l v e a n y k i n d o f b el ie f . I t is a p r a ctice o f n e g ati o n o f p etti n e s s , s ub j e cti v ity a n d s u p e r f iciali t y . No s c i e n ce o r r eli g i o n can te s t i f y o r e ndo r se; w h et h er N A MA S M A R AN can g i v e t h e r ealiz a ti o n o f i m m o r tali t y ; a s s t at ed b y Sai n t D n y a n e s hv a r . L a s t l y ; i t s p r acti c e is a m att e r o f N O T D I K T A T , bu t a r e v elati on , c ho ice a n d go l d en o ppo r t un it y . NA M A S M A R AN AND P H Y S I OL O G IC A L I M P O R T AN C E RUDRA S O OKT A I t i s h y po t h e s ized t h at w h en we l i s ten to R U D R A SO O K T A; se v e r al c h a ng es ta k e p lac e ; in t h e p atte r n s , q u a n tit y , fr e qu e n c y , i n te rr elati o n s h i p s ; o f t h e b i o - elect r ic a l i m pu ls e s ; s e c r et i on s ; in t h e a f f e r e n t, e ff e r e n t a n d i n te r- n e u r on al (ce n t r al n e r vou s a n d a u t on o m ic n e r vou s ) c i r c u it r y , n e u r o - m u s c u l a r j u n cti on s ; a n d a l s o i n n e u r o e ndo c r i n e, e ndo c r i n e a n d a v a r i e ty o f e xo c r i n e g la nd s . T h ese c h a ng es a r e c ondu ci v e to e m po w er m e n t a n d b l o ss o m i n g o f c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d e n li gh te n m e n t; w h ich we m a y call ho li s tic h ealt h . A s

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a r e s u lt o f act u al e xp e r ie n ce o f t h i s ; a c on s e n s u s m u s t h a v e b een e vo l v ed to i n cl ud e R U D R A SO O K T A in v a r i ou s s ac r ed acti v it i es in Hi nd u t r a d iti on . A l o t o f r e s e a r ch m u s t h a v e b een don e o r m u s t b e al r ea d y go i n g o n in t h e w o r ld in t h is r e s p ect; a n d al s o w ou ld b e und e r ta k en in n ear f u t u r e . All t h e s e r e s e a r c h e r s a r e w o r t h y o f h ea r ti e s t c ong r at u lati on s a n d h u m b le a pp r e c iati on . य त न ; व श ट स त ज हा आ प ण ऐ क त ो त हा ऐ क य ा य ो जन नुस ा र ( म ो ड ल श स / आ र ो ह अव र ो हा ई जै व क व युत व ा ह आ ण शर र ा त ी ल अं त : य ा व र ा य ा य ा द ; नुस ा र ) आ प य ा म द म य ा व ी थ ी म य ज ा व व त ा त य ा च म ा ण , व स ी , पट न , इनट र लश न श प ; इ य ा द ब द ल न ; ह सव अ ध क ऊ व ग ा मी च े त न ला ह ण ज च स यक आ र ो य ा ला प ो ष क ब नत असल प ा ह ज . य ा य अ नभ व ा त न च ; सू क त ा च ा व वध ध म क ा य ा म य अं त भ ा व कला ग ला असला प ा ह ज . अ थ ा त य ा संश ोध न स य ा च ा ल असल क व ा झ ा ल पा ह ज , ह ो ई ल . य ा सव स य श ोध क संश ोध क ा ना वन ट न य ा सं द भ ा त अ ध क क व ा नज ी क य ा क ा ळ ा त अ भ नं द न . NA M A S M A R AN AND K U L A D E VA T A I n I nd ia; t hou s a nd s o f f a m i l y g r oup s w o r s h ip d i ff e r e n t K u la d ai v atas o r K u la d e v ata s . K u la m e a n s p e d i g r ee a n d d ai v ata o r d e v ata m ea n s d ei t y . T h e t e m p l e s o f t h e s e d eit i es a r e p r e s e n t in d i ff e r e n t v ill a g es a n d p e op le as s e m b le p e r i od ic a lly in t h e s e t e m p l e s a n d w o r s h ip t h e d eities with d i ff e r e n t c u s t o m s a n d t r a d iti on s . T h e y ea r l y c ong r e g ati on s o r f ai r s a r e called j at r as a n d c on s tit u te a g r e at e v e n t o f c u lt u r al r e j u v e n ati on , un i f icati o n a n d h a r m on iz a ti on . I n m y v iew t h ese K u la d ai v atas o r K u la d e v atas a r e t h e d i v i n e doo r s to t h e h o m e o f u lt i m a te t r u t h . T h ey a r e d i v i n e b r a n c h es o f t h e r oo t e m bod y i n g ete r n al t r u t h . T h e s e a r e d i v i n e c h a nn els o r d i v i n e r ou te s ; to t h e a bod e o f a b s o l u te t r u t h .

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T h e t e m p l e s in g e n e r al; c o n s tit u te; t h e un e nd i n g s p r i ng s o f v it a l i ty a n d r e j uv e n ati on . T h ese a r e t h e p lac e s w h e r e i nd i v i du als can c on s u m e t h e s a c r ed s ap o f e n li gh te n m e n t a n d t r a n sce n d a bov e t h eir p etty e go , p et t y a s p i r ati o n s a n d p e t ty pu r s u its. NAM A SK A R is p r o s t r ati n g in f r on t o f t h e i do l s . W e m ay f eel t h at t h is i s m e e kn e s s o r l o wl i n es s . B u t t h at i s no t s o . I n f act; j u s t a s a p e r s o n with b a m bo o s p i n e; ca n no t b e n d du e to i n a b ilit y ; s i m ila r l y a p e r s o n w ith m e n tal r i g i d ity a n d i n f le x i b le e go ; is un a b le to p r o s t r ate o r d o NA M A SK A R . I t i s e go i s tic a rr og a n c e a n d lack o f h u m i lit y . I t i s no t a s i g n o f s t r e ng th b u t a s i g n o f w e a kn ess a n d fr a g ili t y . I t i s a s i g n o f a pp r e h e n s i o n a n d phob ia o f b r ea k i ng ; i f on e b e nd s! NAM A SK A R o r p r o s t r ati on ; is an a c h ie v e m e n t in te r m s o f b ei n g a b le to s u r r e nd er on e ’ s e g o , s u b j ecti v i t y o r p etti n e s s ; at le a s t to s o m e e x te n t! R ece n t l y I v i s ited a n d s t a y ed in t h e te m p le o f S h r i D ev Na r a y an ( ou r K u la d ai v ata); s it u a ted in a s ce n ic p la c e called W ala v a l . A p a r t fr o m t h e s up e r lati v e r e j uv e n ati n g e xp e r ie n ce, I al s o r ealized t h at we v i s i t t h e s e p lace s ; on ly p e r i o d ically a n d as a m a t ter o f c u s t o m a n d t r a d iti on . B u t o t h e r wi s e we g et e ng r o ss ed in t r i v ial i ties o f l i f e; a n d l o se t h e v ital c o r e o f ou r l i f e r e s i d i n g in t h e s e t e m p l es! T h e s e s ou r c e s o f e te r n al e m po we r m e n t a n d e n li gh te n m e n t a r e t h e r e f o r e; n e g lect e d b y u s ; w h o a r e e m ac i ate d , w ea k e n e d , p a r a l y zed a n d h el p les s ! T h e ho li s tic s o l u t i on ; w h ich t r ea t s a n d h eals t h e r oo t o f t h e p r ob l e m i s NAM A SM A R AN. I t h ea l s t h e h ea r t a n d s ou l o f un i v e r s e . I t i n s p i r e s u s ; to w o r s h ip t h e s e d eitie s ; no t a s a m a t ter o f m e r e t r a d i t i on ; bu t as a s ou r ce o f un i v e r s al r e j uv e n ati on , un ity a n d h a r m ony ! I t g i v es se v e r al c r eati v e a n d ho li s tically b e n e vo le n t i d ea s , p l a n s a n d p r o j ec t s ; in a n d a r oun d all t h e t e m p l e s o f K u l a d e v ata s , w h ich in t u r n can r e j uv e n ate t h e m a nk i nd ! NA M A S M A R AN AND C H I T RA A H U T I

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W h at i s c h it r aa hu t i ? W e g r at e f u l l y a n d p r a y er f u lly s h a r e a s m all p a r t o f f oo d a v aila b le to u s f o r eati ng ; b e f o r e b e g i nn i n g ou r l un c h a n d d i nn e r . T h is p r o ce du r e, no r m o r r it u al i s called c h it r aa hu ti. T h e w o r d is d e r i v ed fr o m t h e c o m b i n ati o n o f t wo w o r d s C h it r a a n d Aa hu ti. C h it r a is d eit y ’ s n a m e a n d Aa hu ti m e a n s o ff e r i ng . T h is i s on e o f t h e e x a m p l e s ; o f ho w t h e r it u als e m e r g ed a n d o r g a n ize d ; fr o m t h e r e alizati o n o f t r u th s o a s to c u l m i n a t e in t h e r e a lizati o n o f t r u t h . Tr u th i s b e y on d a r t ic u lati o n . B u t it c a n b e s aid to b e t h e s tate o f b ei ng ; w h e r e t h e i nd i v i du al c on s ci ou s n e ss i s on e with t h e un i v e r s a l c on s ci ou s n e s s . C h it r aa hu ti i s a g e s t u r e o f r e a ff i r m i n g ou r on e n e s s a n d h a r m on y ; with t h e v i s i b le a n d i nv i s i b le li v i n g un i v e r se; in a n d a r oun d u s. I t t r a n s f o r m s a b i o l og ical c o m pu lsi o n a n d m e c h a n ic a l act i n to a Y A J N YA, a nob le d eed a n d a s t ep t o wa r d s i nd i v i du al a n d u n i v er s al b l o s s o m i ng . I t i s obv i ou s a n d c l ear t h at w h en we a r e t o o i m m a t u r e to und e r s ta n d t h is pu r po s e; we eit h er s i m p l y f o ll o w t h e p r o ce du r e; with “ r eli g i ou s f eeli n g s o f r e v e r e n c e ”; wi t hou t u n d e r s ta nd i n g its i m po r ta n ce; o r r e ject it with “ a rr og a n t r ati on ali t y a n d r e b elli o u s n e s s ”! W e g et l a b el e d as “ c o n f o r m i s t s ” o r “ r e b els” r e s p ec t i v el y ; bu t in eit h er c a se; we a r e i m m a t u r e! As we a r e i m m a t u r e; we t e n d to b li n d ly a dh e r e to ou r p a s t g l o r y m e c h a n ical l y a nd / o r i rr a t i on all y ; o r g et v a r ia b ly i n f l u e n ce d , i m p r e s s ed a n d ov e r w h e l m ed b y t h e cac ophon y o f i nd i v i du ali s m a n d t r y to d i s m iss a n d r eject ou r p a s t as i rr a t i on al a n d s u p e r s titi o u s . I n s ho r t; we g et ei t h er f o s silized in t h e lette r s a n d w o r d s o f s c r i p t u r e s ; o r we g et i n e b r iated b y t h e s ho wy g l a m o u r a n d t h e phon y g l i tte r ; a n d un lea s h t h e b e a s t wit h in u s ; a s s u m i n g ou r s el v e s it to b e f r e e d o m ! W e g et e n ta ng led in t h e e x te r n al a s p ec t s o f t h e r it u a l s o r g et d el i r i ou s in p et t y

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i nd i v i du alis m , l op si d ed l og ic, s up e r f i cial a n a l y s i s a n d c all ou s r e du cti on is m . D u e to ou r i m m a t u r it y ; we eit h er b e c o m e s h y l y d i ff i d e n t c on f o r m i s t; ho s tile to r ati on alit y ; o r b e c o m e m a n i acally a r r og a n t r at i on ali s ts; ho s tile to a n cie n t p r o f und it y , w i s d o m a n d b e n e vo le n ce! O u r p li gh t lies i n ; ou r s e c es s i on i s t a n d t r eac h e r o u s ung r at e f u l n ess a n d e v e n t u al e m o ti on al s e c e s s i o n f r o m n a t u r e in a n d a r oun d u s ! Act u ally t h is i s ; “ s p litti n g a w a y ” f r o m ou r o wn r oo t s ; ou r l i f e li n e s ! T h e r e d e e m i n g f e a t u r e; ho we v e r ; i s ; t h e un s een p r o c e ss o f g etti n g r ec onn ecti n g with t h e c o s m ic c o n s ci o u s n ess i.e. r et u r n i n g to ou r o wn s el v e s ! I t i s s w i f t l y a b s o r b i n g all o f u s; w h o r e p r e s e n t t h e g l ob al c on s cie n ce. M o r e p e op le a r e s u r e to s t ud y a n d c a s t m o r e li gh t o n c h it r aa hu ti a n d o t h er r it u a l s! NA M A S M A R AN AND H O R O S C O P E W h ile r ea d i n g bo o k NAM A C H I N T A MA I , b y M r . R a m ac h a nd r a K r i s hn a K a m at ( E d it o r ; o f t h e r e v e r e d t r eat i s e o n t h e d i v i n e li f e o f 14 th ce n t u r y i n c a r n ati o n S h r i Datta t r e y a; S h r i N a r a s i m h a o r N r u s i h m a Sa r a s wati v iz. S h r i G u r u c h a r it r a), a n d o t h er book s o n N AMA S M A R A N; I f oun d a r e f e r e n c e , w h ich i nd icat e s t h at; t h e p r actice o f NAM A SM A R AN; go es o n pu r i fy i n g t h e v a r i ou s 1 2 hou s e s in t h e ho r o s c op e. S h r i T e m b e S wa m i (P a r a m a h a n sa P a r i v r a j a k ac h a ry a S h r i Va s ud e v a n a nd a S a r aswati Ma h a ra j ) h as uph eld t h is c onv icti on . I a l s o f oun d in t h e b i og r a ph y o f S h r i G ond a v ale k ar M a h a r aj (S h r i B r a h m ac h aita n y a Ma h a r a j f r o m G o n d a v ale; Maan T al u k a, Sat a r a d i s t r ic t , Ma h a r a s h t r a Sta t e, I nd ia); b y P r o f . S h r i. K. V. ( B a b a) B e l s a r e; t h at S h r i. G ond a v ale k ar M a h a r a j h a s s tated t h at; N A M A SM A R A N ta k e s u s b e y on d t h e i n f l u e n ce o f s ta r s a n d p la n et s ; a n d it al s o ta k es u s b e y on d t i m e.

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I n v iew o f ou r c u r i o s ity o r w o rr y a bou t f u t u r e; a n d t h e h elp we s eek du r i n g d i f f ic u lti e s ; o n t h e b a s i s o f ho r o s c op e; we h a v e t h is fr ee gu i d a n ce o f s p i r i t u al m a ste r s a n d m y sti c s ; to s t ud y a n d e xp l o r e t h e po te n tials o f NAM A SM A R AN; a n d s h a r e ou r f i n d i ng s with t h e o t h e r s . NA M A S M A R A N , F E A ST A N D P RASAD Fea s t s a n d p a r ti e s ; i nvo l v e g i v i n g o r r ecei v i n g f ood , wi t h o r wit hou t v a r i ou s p a r a ph e r n a lia. T h e y qu e n ch hung er a n d t h i r s t a n d s at i sfy t a s te bud s , b e s i d e s g i v i n g p lea s u r e o f s o ci a lizati o n a n d e n te r t a i n m e n t. B u t u s u all y ; t h ese a r e a s s o ciated w i th s u p e r i o r ity c o m p le x , i n f e r i o r i t y c o m p le x e s ; ho ll o w e upho r ia, d ece p ti v e g l a m ou r a n d f a l se g litte r ; f o ll o wed b y e m p t i n ess a n d d e p r e s s i on ! W h at i s P R AS AD ? W h en an i nd i v i du al s p e nd s h is l i f e in t h e p r o cess o f s e l f r ealizati o n a n d s e l f e xp r e s s i on ; h e b ec o m e s on e with t h e c o r e o f un i v e r s e a n d cata l y z e s t h e s a m e p r o c e s s i n m illi on s o f o t h e r s ; t h r oughou t h is l i f e a n d e v en a f t er lea v i n g h i s / h er bod y ; th r oug h ce n t u r i e s . T h e p lace w h e r e t h e p a r tic u lar s ai n t o r y og i s p e nd s h i s li f e b ec o m e s a p lace o f p il g r i m a g e. T h e p il g r i m s g et e m po we r ed in t h e p r o cess o f s e l f r ealizati o n a n d s e l f e xp r es s i o n b y go i n g to t h e s e p lac e s. W e f i n d in I nd ia; t hou s a nd s o f p lac e s o f p il g r i m a g e; w h e r e a s ai n t, y og i, r i s h i, m a h ar s h i o r a m a h a t m a h as s p e n t l i f e; in t h e p r o ce ss o f se l f r ealizati o n a n d s e l f e xp r es s i on . T h ese p laces o f p il g r i m a g e h a v e on e f eat u r e in c o m m o n v iz. t h e d i s t r i bu ti o n P R A SAD at s ub s i d ized p r i c e o r fr ee o f c o s t. T h e f ood ; t h at i s c ook ed to o f f er t h e p a r tic u lar s ai n t o r y og i (c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ) i s NA I V E D Y A. W h e n ; in r et u r n t h e s a m e f oo d g e t s c h a r g ed with t h e b les s i ng s o f t h e s ai n t; it b ec o m e s P R A SAD. S u ch f oo d is in a w a y ; “ i n s til l e d ” with t h e b e n e vo le n ce o f t h e s ai n t t h at cata l y z e s

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t h e p r o cess o f s e l f r ealizati o n a n d s e l f e xp r es s i o n i . e. i n d i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i ng ! T h is i s w h y ; t hou sa nd s o f u s ; c o n s i d er t h e m sel v e s f o r t u n ate a n d p r i v ile g ed in p a r ti c i p ati o n o f m a k i n g s u ch P r asad a v ail a b le to p il g r i m s a n d in eati n g it t h e m sel v e s ! T hu s t h o u s a nd s o f p e op le p a r tici p ate in v a r i ou s acti v iti e s ; i nvo l v ed in d i s t r i b u ti o n o f P R ASA D ; t h r oug h f und i ng , clea n i ng , c ook i ng , s e r v i n g a n d a l s o c l ea n i n g t h e v es s e l s ! O n e s u ch p la c e o f p il g r i m a g e i s G ond a v ale; in Maan T al uk a o f Sata r a d i s t r ict; in M a h a r a s h t r a s t ate; in I nd ia. T hou s a nd s o f v i s i t o rs ; w h et h er t ou r i s t s o r d e vo te e s ; a r e s e r v ed P R A SAD; in t h e f o r m o f fr e s h l y p r e p a r ed c o w bu tt e r with s ug ar in ea r l y m o r n i ng , f o ll o w ed b y b r ea k f ast, l un ch a n d d i nn e r ; e v e r y d a y ; w it hou t c h a r g i n g a n y m o n ey w h at s o e v e r . C an w e g l ob alize t h e c u lt u r e o f s e l f r ealizati o n t h r oug h NAM A SM A R AN a n d d i s t r i bu ti o n o f P R A SAD? T h e w o r ld n ee d s i t . B u t m o r e t h an t h a t ; we n eed it f o r ou r s el v e s . W e n eed it f o r ou r o wn s at i s f acti o n o f c r e a ti n g a h ealt h y e nv i r o n m e n t a r ound ; ou r s el v e s a n d g e n e r ati on s to c o m e. NA M A S M A R A N , HE A L T H , D E I T I E S, R I T U A L S , M U H U R T A AND P I L G RI M A G E T h e i d e a s a n d f o r m s; e s p ecial l y t h o se o f d eiti e s ; a pp ear to b e c r e ated b y i nd i v i du al s . B u t i s t h i s t r u e? I s it t r u e t h at r i gh t f r o m t h e c on ce p ti on , g e s tati on , b i r th a n d s ub s e qu e n t g r o wth a n d d e v el o p m e n t o f an i nd i v i du a l ; is d et er m i n ed b y t h at i nd i v i du a l ? N o ! I n f act, is it no t t r u e t h at; e v en t h e g e n etic c on s tit u ti o n a n d t h e h e r e d ity o f t h at i nd i v i du al is NOT d et e r m i n e d , d eci d ed a n d d e v el op ed b y t h at i nd i v i d u al?

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T h e c a s e in po i n t i s t h at o f i d e a s s u ch as t h r ee hund r ed a n d t h i r ty m illi o n d eities in Hi nd u D h a r m a ! S u ch i d eas a n d t h eir f o r m s; a r e r i d ic u le d ; as i f t h ey we r e c r ea t ed b y s o m e s t up id i nd i v i du al s . A ct u ally n o i nd i v i du al p er s e; d eci d es “ h i s o r h er i d e a s ”! T h ey a r e t h e p r odu ct o f t i m e , s p a ce a n d s e v e r al o t h er ph e n o m e n a in s o c i ety a n d n at u r e . T h e i d ea o f t h r ee hund r ed a n d t h i r ty m i lli o n d eiti e s ; i s m o s t p r ob a b ly t h r o ug h t h e a pp r eciati o n o f t h e i n te rr elati o n s h ip b etween t h e t i m e, s p ace, c o s m o s , s o l a r s y s t e m , p ec u lia r iti e s o f d i f f e r e n t cel e s t i al ph e n o m e n a, t h eir e ff e cts o n l i f e, ci r ca d ian r h y t h m s, c on s ci ou s n e s s ; a n d t h e u lt i m ate c u l m i n ati o n o f l i f e i n to s up e r li v i n g i. e . s e l f r eal i zati on . T h is i n s i gh t o f t h e s e er s ; a l s o f o r m s t h e b a s i s o f a u s p ic i ou s t i m e s, d a y s (M U H U R T A), ho r o s c op es, d i ff e r e n t r it u als, d i ff e r e n t r i t u als i nvo l v ed in acc u lt u r ati o n (S A NSK A R A ), a n d d i ff e r e n t w a y s o f w o r s h i pp i n g d i ff e r e n t d eit i es f o r t h eir c h a r act e r i s t i c b les s i n g (e. g . e n l i gh te n m e n t a n d wi s d o m fr o m G a n a p ati (Ga n e s h ) a n d Sa r a s w ati ) . As p er t h e p e r ce p t i o n o f t h e s e e r s ; t h e i nd i v i du al hu m an e x i s te n ce i s bu t a m i n i s c u le o f t h e un i v e r s e o r c o s m o s (i n cl ud i n g t h e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s , t i m e, s p ace e tc), t h e d eities a r e c o s m i c e n tities with s p ec i f i c p r e d ilecti o n o r c o rr e s pond e n ce a nd / o r s ub tle r el a ti on s h ip with s p ec i f i c l o ci in i n d i v i du al h u m an e x i ste n ce. T h e i nd i v i du al h u m a n b ei ng s a r e n e ar e x act r e p licati o n a n d r e p r e s e n tati o n o f t h e c o s m ic b ei ng ; t h e P U R US H A a n d H i s at t r i bu tes v iz. P R A K R U TI ; with po te n tial t o b e P U R U S HA a n d P R AK R U T I ! He n ce w o r s h i pp i n g d eitie s ; is act u al l y r ect i fy i ng , h eali n g a n d e m po we r i n g t h e c o rr e s pond i n g l o ci in an i nd i v i du al h u m an e x i s te n ce t h r oug h t h e b le ss i n g s o f t h e s e d eiti e s ; (w h o a r e p a r t o f P U R USHA a n d P R AK R U T I ; i .e. tr u e s e l f ! ); f o r r e ali z ati o n o f t r u e s e l f ; a n d c on c u rr e n t g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng . St r a ng ely t hough ; s e v e r al a u t ho r s h a v e c r itici z ed o r e v e n r i d ic u led m a n y

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Hi nd u wa y s o f l i f e a n d t h e r it u a l s . T h is i s ; du e to s up e r f i cial s t ud y ; o f e x t r a o r d i n a r y t r a n s - ph y s i o l og ical e n l i gh te ne d s tate; b e yon d t h e r ea l m ; o f a c o m m o n m a n , r e f e r r ed to a s V I DE HI A VA S T HA. B r o a d l y s p ea k i ng ; m a n y o f t h e c u s t o m s a n d t r a d iti on s e m bod y a s tep b y s tep p r o c e ss o f e vo l u ti o n t o wa r d s s up e r li v i n g (i nd i v i du a l a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ). T h is i s w h y ; e v en as Hi n d u ph il o s o p h y tal k s a bou t t h e i m m o r tali t y o f s ou l; s till it p r e s c r i b es t h e S AN S K A R A , r it u a l s, t r a d iti on s , c u s t o m s, c onv e n ti o n s , d i ff e r e n t w o r s h i p s , d i ff e r e n t a u s p ici o u s d a y s , t i m e s a n d s o on ; s o t h at a c h ild g r o w s , d e v el op s a n d e vo l v es to t h e state o f s e l f r ealizati on , w h ich is b ei n g ; on e with t h e i m m o r tal c o s m i c s ou l; i .e. s up e r li v i ng ; b e n e vo le n t to un i v e r s e. He n ce i r r e s p ecti v e o f t h e n a m e s a n d t itles o f t h e r eli g i on s ; it a pp ea r s t h at; t h e p r actice o f w o r s h i pp i n g t h e d eitie s ; a n d f o ll o wi n g m a n y o f t h e r it u als c ondu ci v e to s up e r li v i ng ; w ou ld s oo n b e popu la r , s ough t a f t er ; a n d p r acticed in e v e r y noo k a n d c o rn er o f t h e w o r l d ; f o r ho li s tic we l f a r e o f t h e w o r l d ! I t i s t r u e t h at t h e l e g acy o f t h e a n cie n t s e e r s h a s b een d e st r o y e d , d i s t o r te d , a du lt e r a t ed a n d v it i ated in m a n y w a y s du e to p r e pond e r a n ce o f T A M OGU N A a n d R AJO G UNA; ( a g ai n ; a f un cti o n o f t i m e a n d no t i nd i v i du al s ); in t h e f o r m o f b r u tal b l ood y i nv a s i on s , c ar n a g es a n d g e no ci d es b y s o m e a n d o f s o m e! He n ce s t ud y a n d s c r u t i n y o f t h e l e g acy h as b ec o m e d i ff ic u lt! T h is i s a l s o b eca u se; T A MO G UNA a n d R A J O G UNA; a s s o ciated w i th m e r e r o te, m ec h a n i s ti c , r e du cti on i s t a n d l op s i d ed l og ical t h i nk i n g a n d lea r n i ng . W i t hou t e vo l v i n g i n te r n ally we c a nno t e x t r act t h e es s e n ce o f p a s t w i s d o m in e. g . n y a s a , v y a h r u ti, a c h a m a n , p ra n a y a m a, d eiti e s a n d p il g r i m a g e. T h e e g alita r i an s o ci o - ec on o m ic m ate r iali s tic p e r s p ecti v e ; a l s o ca nno t g r a s p t h e c o r e o f t h e hund r e d s o f r it u al s , c onv e n ti on s a n d f esti v als in

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Hi nd u D h a r m a. I t o ff e r s s i m p l i s tic s u p e r f icial e xp la n ati on s o f t h e s e ph e n o m e n a a n d kno wi ng ly o r unkn o wi ng ly n e g lec t s , tr i v ializes, vu l g a r izes a nd / o r u nd e r m i n es t h eir s u b l i m e a n d p i vo tal r o le in t h e ho li s tic b l o s s o m i n g o f i nd i v i du als a n d h u m an ci v ili z at i on . B u t s t ud y a n d s c r u ti n y o f a n cie n t w i s d o m i s m o s t c e r tai n ly r e qu i r e d . W e h a v e t o b e hon e s t a n d ho li s tic f o r t h i s . L i k e t h e r it u a l s a n d r it e s ; t h e p lac e s o f p il g r i m a g e a r e a l s o c r iticized o r r i d ic u le d . T h i s i s p a r tl y ; b eca u s e; t h e i r r e l e v a n ce a s s ou r ces o f v itali t y a n d v i go r a n d c o n du its o f v itali t y to s e l f r e alizati on , f o r on e a n d all; b ec a m e c on cealed du e to unp r ece d e n t ed r i s e o f T A MO G UNA a n d R A J O GU N A; in t h e f o r m o f m ean se l f i s hn es s , c h eati n g , d ece p ti o n a n d s up e r s titi on s . NAM A SM A R AN e vo l v e s , e n li gh te n s a n d e n a b les u s to s e e , a pp r eci a te, s c r u ti n iz e , v e r i f y a n d m od i f y i f n ec e s s a r y ; t h e d etai l s ; k ee p i n g t h e es s e n ce o f t h e w is d o m o f t h e s e er s o f t h e p a s t ( i rr e s p ect i v e o f t h e r a ce, r e g i o n a n d r eli g i on ); w h o h a v e l e f t b e h i n d t h e i nv al u a b le t r e a s u r e o f t h e le g acy s u ch a s A yu r v e d a, J y o t i s h , Y og a, S m r u t i s , Ac u p r es s u r e , Me d ici n al H e r b s a n d s o on ; a n d p a r t i ci p ate in t r u e i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al we l f a r e! I N T R O D U C T I O N T O T H E G R E A T E S T E V E R M AS TE R P I E C E O N TH E P I N NA C L E O F H OL I S T I C H E A LT H : A M RU T A NU B H A V A S h a n iwa r ; P h al gu n s huddh a 7 s h a k a 1 93 2 Sat u r d a y ; M a r ch 12 , 2011 ; 11 : 2 5 a m A m r u ta nubh a v a m ea n s t h e i nd e s c r i b a b le e xp e r ie n ce o f “ b ei ng ” b e y on d b i r th a n d d eat h . I t i s t h e e xp e r ie n ce o f “ b ei ng ” b e y on d bod y , i n s ti n c t s, e m o ti on s a n d i n tel l i g e n ce. I t i s t h e e x p e r ie n ce o f “ b ei n g ” “ t h e f i el d ” e n c o m p a s s i n g “ e v e ry t h i n g in un i v e r se f r o m all ete r n i t y to all ete r n i t y ; i n cl ud i n g s p ace, t i m e a n d c o n s ci ou s n ess i .e. ‘ t h e c on ti ng e n t ’! ”

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T h e Ma h a r a s h t r ian s ai n t o f 13 th ce n t u r y S h r i D n y a n e s hv ar Vitt h al K u l k a r n i (S h r i D n y a n e s hv ar M a h a r a j o r D ny a n e s hv ar Ma h a r a j o r D n y a nob a Ma u li); w r o te t h i s all t i m e m a ste r p i e ce, w h i c h can b e d e s c r i b ed a s t h e c os m ic c o n s ci ou s n e ss c r y s t allized i n to w o r d s , w h ich in t u r n ; b l o ss o m t h e c a r e f u l, d i s c e r n i n g a n d i n te n s e r e a d e r ; i n to ete r n al c o s m i c c on sci ou s n es s ! He act u al l y d icta te d t h is ‘ f oun tai nh e a d ’ o f s up er l i f e to S h r i Sacc h i d a n a nd a B a b a, w h o p e nn ed it; a f ter c o m p leti n g t h e f i r s t m a ste r p i e ce v iz. D y a n e s h wa r i; t h e w o r ld f a m o u s c o mm e n ta r y o n B h a g a v ad Geeta; i n s i m ilar m a nn e r ; i n c o m p l i a n ce o f t h e a r tic u la t e i n s p i r ati o n o f h i s g u r u (a n d el d er b r o t h e r ) S h r i Ni v r u tti n at h . D n y a n e s hv ar ( o r J n a n e s h wa r ) Vitt h al K u l k a r n i ( popu la r l y , f ond l y r e v e r e n tly a dd r e ssed as Sa n t S h i r o m a n i S h r i D ny a n e s h v ar Ma h a r a j o r J n a n e s h w ar Ma h a r aj o r D n y a nob a M a u li); w a s bo r n o n t h e s a m e d ay as L o r d K r i s hn a o n T hu r s d ay m i dn i gh t; t h e 8 th d ay called a s h t a m i o f t h e s ec on d f o r t n i gh t ( v a d y a - p a k s h a); o f t h e m on th S h r awan in t h e y e ar 119 3 o f (Ki n g S h aliwa h a n ’ s cale nd ar call e d S h aliwa h an s h a k a) i. e . 127 1 AD. He d id no t d ie! He vo l un ta r ily r e as s u m e d o r r e - asce nd ed to h is pu r e a n d fr ee i m m o r tal s tat e ; a m r u t a v a s t h a; d e s c r i b ed in A m r u t a nubh a v a o r A nubh a v a m r u t; b y e n te r i n g a n d s itti n g in s a m a dh i in an und e r g r ou n d p lace; in t h e t o wn called Ala nd i; ( d i s t r ict P un e in Ma h a r a s h t r a s tate o f I nd ia) in t h e noo n o f 13 th d ay ( t r a y o d a s h i) o f t h e s ec on d f o r t n i gh t ( v a d ya- p a k s h a) o f t h e y e a r 121 5 (S h aliwa h an S h a k a) i . e. 129 3 AD. T h is ph e n o m e no n is r e f e rr ed to a s s a n j ee v a n a (e v er e n li v e n i ng , e v er v italizi ng , e v er e m po we r i ng , e v er i n s p i r i ng , e v er b l o s s o m i n g ) s a m a dh i (t h e s tate o f b ei n g ete r n al c os m ic c o n s ci ou s n e s s ). A m r u ta nubh a v a is in o ld Ma r at h i r e f e rr ed to a s P r a k r u t. He n ce it i s d i ff ic u lt to und e r s t a n d e v en f o r a p e r s o n w ho s e m o t h er t ongu e is M a r at h i a nd / o r w h o is well v e r s ed with Sa n s k r it. H o we v er it i s no t d i ff ic u lt m e r e ly b y v i r t u e o f i t s la ngu a g e; bu t b y v i r t u e o f its b e i n g t r u ly b e y on d

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e v e r y p o s s i b le r e a c h o f h u m an g e n i u s . O n e can hop e to und e r s ta nd , a pp r ec i ate a n d e xp e r ie n ce its pu r po r t b y no t on ly r ea d i n g it wi t h ac u te, p in po i n t atte n ti o n a n d c on c e n t r ati on ; bu t b y act u ally g etti n g b e g i nn i n g to b e s ub m e r g e d , d is s o l v ed a n d r e un i f ied i n to c o s m i c c on sci ou s n es s ; t h r oug h t h e p r actice o f N A MA S M A R A N . T he r e a re t en ch a p t e r s in A m r u t a n ubh av a . T he f irst i s ; Shi v a Sh a k t i S a m av e s h a N a m a n a . W h en we r each t h e r oo t o f ou r c o n s c i ou s n ess we e xp e r i e n ce t h e i n s e p a r a b le two in on e p r i n ci p les S h i v a a n d S h a k ti. T h e s e p r ob a b ly c o rr e s pon d to y in a n d y a ng . T h e s e a r e b e y on d s p ace a n d t i m e a n d b a r ely r e ac h a b le t h r oug h i nd i v i du al c on s ci o u s n ess. I n f act t h e i nd i v i d u al c on s ci ou s n e ss b e g i n s to d is s o l v e a n d all o wi n g s u ch d is s o l u ti o n o f on e ’ s i nd i v i du al c on s c i ou s n ess i n to t h e s e c o s m i c p r i n ci p les i s called NA M AN A . T he s ec o nd c h a p t er i s t i t led Shri G uru S t ava na K a th a n a . T h e c h a p ter i n cl u d es t h e p r a i s e a n d r e v e r e n ce to t h e gu r u o f t h e a u t ho r . I n r ou ti n e se n s e; t h e a u t ho r a n d h is g u r u li v ed as h u m an b ei ng s . B u t go i n g d ee p er on e r ealiz e s t h at; t h e y h a v e b een t h e b eat i n g h ea r t o f t h e c o s m i c c on sci ou s n es s . G u r u Sta v a n a Kat h a n a is n a r r ati o n o f t h e s u r r e nd er o f i ndiv i du ality to t h e G u r u i. e . c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s , b e y on d t h e d i m e n s i on s o f m att e r , s p ace a n d t i m e a n d b e y on d la ngu a g es o f lett er s a n d d i g its a n d b e y on d all po ss i b le c on ce p ts c on cei v a b le h u m a n g e nu s . T he t hi r d ch a p t er is c a lled, W a cha Runa M o ch a n a .

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T h e r e a r e f ou r m o d es o f e xp r e ss i o n s o f an i nd i v i du al, w h ich a r e cal l ed PA R A, PAS H Y A N TI , M AD H YA M A a n d VA I KH A R I . C r ud e l y s p ea k i ng ; t h e s e a r e o r i g i n ated fr o m p h y s i cal, i n s ti n ct u al, e m o ti on al a n d i n tellect u al s t r a t a o f i n d i v i du al c on s ci ou s n es s . T h e e xp e r ie n ce o f t r a n s c e nd i n g t h e s e is c alled V A C H R UNA M O C H A NA. T he f o ur t h ch a pt er i s Dn ya na A bh eda K a t h a n a . D n y a n a h e r e p e r ta i n s to pu r e kno wle dg e o r r eal i zati o n a n d e m bod i e s b a rr ier l e ss un i f y i n g e xp e r ie n ce. T h is s t ate o f dn y a n a is b e y on d all t h e c on ce p ts o f t h e v er y e x i s te n ce a n d o n e x i s te n ce, o r i g in a n d e n d a n d c r e a ti o n a n d d e s t r u cti on . T h e f i f th c h a p ter i s Sacc h i d a n a nd a P a d at r a y a Vi v a r a n a . Pa d at r a y a m ea n s c o m b i n ati o n o f t h r e e w o r d s. Sacc h i d a n a nd a (S a t - C h i t - A n a nd a; Sat is ete r n a l , c on t r o l l i ng ; C h it i s v itality o r s p r it o r l i gh t; a n d A n a nd a is e cst a s y o r b l i s s ) i s a w o r d t h at i s u s ed to i m p l y t h e e xp e r ie n ce o f i n f i n i t y in e v e r y se n s e . I t i s i nd icated h e r e t h at t h at t h e e xp e r i e n ce is b e y on d t h is d e s c r i p ti v e s e m a n ti c s o f S A C C H I D A NAN D A a l s o ! T h e s i x th c h a p ter i s c alled S h a bd a K h a nd a n a. I t i s p r ov ed h e r e t h at e v e r y e xp r e s s i o n is a r e s u lt o f i n t e r acti o n b etween an i nd i v i du al c on s ci ou s n ess a n d s t i m u li w h ich a r e bo r n fr o m e v er c h a ng i n g u n i v e r s e a n d h e n ce t h e “ e xp e r ie n ce b e y on d c h a ng e” is i nd e p e nd e n t o f a n y w o r d !

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T h e s e v e n th c h a p ter i s A d n y a n a K h a nd a n a. A dn y a n a h e r e; m e a n s a b s e n ce o r vo id o r no n e x i s te n ce. I t i s s ho wn h e r e t h at t h e r e i s no t h i n g li k e a b s e n c e , vo id o r non e x i s te n ce. T h e c on ce p t o f z er o it s e l f i s a f un cti o n o f t h e d esce n t o f c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss i n to t r a n s i e n t i nd i v i d u al c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d h e n ce un r eal in a b s o l u te te r m s. T h e ei gh th c h a p ter is D n y a n a K h a nd a n a. D n y a n a w h en c on t r a po s ed to A dn y a n a is r e nd e r ed s ub jecti v e a n d h e n ce in an a b s o l u te s tate o f c on s ci o u s n ess t h e r e i s n o i n te r a c t i o n o f kno we r , kno wi n g a n d k no w a b le. He n ce t h e r ea l m o f kno wle dg e v a n i s h es in o b j ecti v e s t a t e o f c on s ci ou s n e s s . T h e n i n eth c h a p ter is J ee v a n a M uk ta Da s h a Kat h a n a. He r e t h e r e i s d e p icti o n o f a s tate o f a n i nd i v i du al w h o c ea s e s to ‘ li v e’ a s an i nd i v i du al with r e s p e ct to h i s o r h e r bod y , i n s ti n c t s , e m o ti o n s a n d i n telli g e n ce. He li v es in c on s on a n ce with o r i n se p a r a b le f r o m c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s . T h e te n th i. e . t h e l a s t c h a p ter i s t itled as G r a n t h a Ma h i m a Va r n a n a. G r a n t h a i s t h e book , Ma h i m a m ea n s s i gn i f ica n ce o r po te n tial a n d Va r n a n a m ea n s d e s c r i p ti on . I n t h is c h a p te r ; t h e a u t ho r i n s p i r e s a n d e n a b les t h e r ea d e r to ‘ s e e ’ w h at i nv al u a b le c o s m ic boun ties h e o r s h e is b e s t o wed wit h ; t h r oug h t h is ca p s u le o f i m m o r t ality a r tic u late d ; in te r m s o f t h e h i gh e s t p o ss i b le f u l f il l m e n t o r ac h i e v e m e n t o f li f e f o r an i nd i v i du al a n d t h e w ho le un i v e r s e.

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====== = ==== == ====== = ==== == ====== = ==== == ====== = ===== ======= O n e f ee l s ; T h is boo k g i v es n o t m e r e l y t h e s o l u t i o n to t h e unp e r cei v ed a n d p e r cei v ed p r ob l e m s ; bu t e n a b l e s u s to s e e t h e s o l u ti on , e m po w e r s u s to r ise a n d b e t h e s o l u ti o n a n d al s o r e af f i r m s un e qu i vo cally t h at we A R E t h e s o l u ti on ! O n e a l s o f ee l s ; W h at a pp ea r s to h a v e d e s ce nd ed fr o m t h e c os m ic c on sci ou s n es s , t i m el e s s n e ss a n d d i m e n s i on les s n e s s , w o r d les s n e s s , qu e sti on le ss n e s s , o m n i p r e s e n ce a n d i m m o r tali t y ; i n to i nd i v i d u al c on s ci ou s n e s s , t i m e , d i m e n s i on s, w o r d s o r s e m a n ti c s o r t e r m i no l ogy , qu e s ti o n s , i nd i v i du al fr a m e a n d m o r tali t y ; re s p ecti v el y ; i s as s u m ed a s “ I ”! T h e t r u e “ I ” t h e G U R U , t h e N A M E ; d e s c r i b ed b y t h e w o r d SA CC H I D AN AN DA; et e r n ally e x i s t s ; i rr e s p ecti v e a n d i nd e p e nd e n t o f a n y t h i n g a n d e v e r y t h i n g c on cei v a b le b y a n y c on ce p t u al fr a m ew o r k o r e xp e r ie n ce; o f e x i ste n ce a n d non e x i s te n ce! NA M A S M A R A N , D H A N U R M AS AND C O S M I C P H Y S I O L O G Y C o s m ic o r a s t r ophy s i o l og y i s y et to c o m e in vogu e. B u t it is an i n c o m i n g t h i ng . H o li s tic p e r s p ecti v e is i n e v ita b le. Gl ob alizati o n is on ly a s m all v i s i b le p a r t o f ho li s t i c p e r s p ecti v e. H o l i s tic p e r s p ecti v e se e s i n d i v i du al hu m an e x i s te n ce; a s p a r t o f c o s m o s ; o r o t h er way r ound ; it s ee s c o s m o s as an e x te nd ed bod y o f a n i nd i v i du al. A p a r t f r o m t h e c r ud e ob s e r v ati o n s s u ch as ci r ca d ian r h y t h m s, e v e ry t h i n g in t h e un i v e r s e i n f l u e n ces on e a no t h e r . T h e S un , m oon , p l a n et s ; t h e i r m ov e m e n ts a n d e v e n t s ta k i n g p lace o n t h e ea r t h ; a r e all i n te r r elate d . N o t on ly t h ey i n f l u e n ce t h e l i v i n g b ei ng s a n d h u m an b ei ng s ; bu t t h ey s p ec i f i cally i n f l u e n ce d i f f e r e n t s y s t e m s o f t h e

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bod y a n d al s o v a r i ou s a s p ec t s o f c ogn iti on , a ff ect a n d c on ati on . He n ce t h e a s t r o l og y d e p ic t s s p ec i f i c d a y s with s p ec i f ic p r e s c r i p ti on s (M U H U R T i.e. S H U B HA K AL a n d ASH U B H A K A L ) . H o we v er t ho s e w h o d o no t u n d e r sta n d t h e s ub tle i n t e rr elati o n s h i p , d esc r i b e d a y s a n d p e r i od s a s a u s p ici o u s a n d i n a u s p ici o u s . N o t h i n g is i n a u s p ici ou s ; e v en t h e t i m e o f d eath i s no t i n a u s p ici ou s ; i f it i s t h e l og ical c u l m i n ati o n o f t h e f u l f illed l i f e! I t a pp ea r s t h at s o m e p e r i od s a r e goo d f o r ph y s i cal, s o m e a r e goo d f o r s e xu al, s o m e a r e g oo d f o r i n tell e ct u a l . T hu s ; d i f f e r e n t p e r i od s a r e goo d f o r d i f f e r e n t f a c u ltie s . P r ob a b l y ; i f we p er f o r m t h e d i ff e r e n t acti v iti e s du r i n g t ho s e p e r i od s ; w h ich a r e s u ita b le f o r t h e m ; t h en we w ou ld s u cceed in l i v i n g a n d d y i n g with f u l f il l m e n t, at i nd i v i du al a n d g l o b al le v els. T h e r e a r e s o m e i n d i v i du als w h o op p o s e t h e t eac h i n g a n d lea r n i n g o f a s t r o l og y in un i v e r s iti e s a n d s c hoo ls. T h is i s “ i n tellect u a l f a n a t ic i s m .” W e m a y o r m a y no t c on s u lt an a s t r o l og e r ; bu t calli n g a s t r o l og y a s ho ax a n d t ry i n g to s a bo ta g e o r s upp r ess i t s s t ud y i s called T A MAS i .e. “ f a n atic s c i e n t i f ic b i go t ry . A s t r o l og y i s a m ea n s f o r s h a p i n g ou r li f e s o a s to h elp o u r s el v e s a n d t h e un i v er s e; to b l o s s o m . I s t r ong ly f eel t h at t h e a s t r o l og e r s s hou ld d o t h eir j o b with f u ll c o m m i t m e n t a n d d e d icati o n a n d k eep lea r n i ng . T h ey s hou ld no t u s e non s p ec i f i c w o r d s s u ch a s a u s p ici ou s a n d i n a u s p ici ou s , i n stea d ; t h ey s hou ld d e s c r i b e t h e n at u r e o f i n t e r acti on s ; s p ec i f i c all y . W h at i s i n a u s p ici ou s f o r d e v el op i n g s e xu al r e l ati on s ; i s no t n ec e s s a r ily i n a u s p ici ou s f o r g e tti n g m on e y . S u ch m a n y e x a m p l e s c a n b e g i v e n . T h e c a s e in po i n t i s DHA NU R M AS. T h is i s a m on t h ; w h en t h e f l oodg ates o f e n li gh te n m e n t op en f o r t h e m a nk i nd . He n ce it is a go l d en oppo r t un ity to r e m ain aw a k e a n d welc o m e t h e e n li gh te n m e n t b y g etti n g u p ea r ly m o r n i n g a n d f o c u s i n g o n t h e c o s m ic c o n s ci o u s n ess i.e. G od . S o m e a s t r o l og e r s d esc r i b ed t h is a s

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i n a u s p ici ou s m on t h , bu t it is no t. I t i s on l y , un s ui ta b le f o r s o m e m und a n e acti v ities. NA M A S M A R AN AND K U MB H A T h e K u m bh a Mela ta k es p lace in f ou r p laces in I nd ia v i z . U j j ai n , N a s h i, Ha r d war a n d V a r a n a s i ( Alla h a b a d ). T h e a u s p ici o u s p e r i o d r e p eats i t s e l f e v e r y t wel v e y e ar s. Milli o n s o f p e op l e c o llect a n d ta k e b ath in Ga ng a. W h at i s s o s p ecial a bou t t h is p e r i od ? T h e e xp la n ati o n o f s al v ati o n fr o m si n s i s i n e xp lica b le in s c i e n t i f ic t e r m s, b eca u s e s c i e n ce do es no t c on cei v e t h e m ea n i n g o f “ p aap a n d pun y a” i.e. “ s in a n d goo d d ee d ” r e s p ecti v el y . T h e alt e r n ati v e e x p la n ati o n is p r ob a b ly a s f o ll o ws. All p aap o r s in i s t h at w h ich ta k es u s away f r o m ou r t r u e se l f , i. e . d i s o r ie n t s u s fr o m ou r s el v e s a n d all p un y a is t h at, w h ich e nh a n ces ou r o r ie n tati o n to ou r t r u e se l f . T h e K u m bh a p e r i od , b y v i r t u e o f t h e c h a r acte r i s t i c c on stellati o n ( T h e s p ec i f i c c on s t ellat i o n du r i n g t h is t i m e is S u n e n te r s t h e M e s h a r a s h i, M oo n e n te r s t h e D h a n u r a s h i a n d G u r u e n te r s t h e K u m b h a r a s h i) acc o r d i n g to I nd ian o r t h e l un ar ca le nd a r ) s e e m s to i n f l u e n ce ce r tain a n d p laces a n d r i v e r s o n t h e ea r t h ; b e n e f i ciall y ; m a k i n g t h e m c ondu ci v e to o r ie n tati o n o f ou r t r u e se l f . T h is i s a n al ogou s t o t h e h elp on e g ets f r o m t h e wi n d w h i le saili ng . T h e e x te r n al a n d i n te r n al e nv i r o n m e n t w h en f a vo r a b le, on e c an g et r e o r ie n ted to t h e tr u e s e l f a n d e xp e r i e n ces s e l f r ealizati o n ! T h e K u m bh a p e r i o d ( p a r v a) p r ob a b ly s i gn i f i e s s u ch a p e r i o d f u ll o f b e n e vo le n ce!

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I t i s e s s e n tial to e xp l o r e a n d a pp r ecia t e t h e s ub tle li nk s b etween h u m an b ei n g a n d t h e un i v e r se a n d a l s o t h e s ub tle c h a ng es in t h e r i v e r s a n d t h e p lace s ; r e s pon s i b le f o r t r a n sce nd e n tal b e n e f i t; du r i n g t h is p e r i od . T h e s o ci o l og ical, e c on o m i c , m ic r ob i o l og ical a n d o t h er e xp la n ati on s o ff e r ed a pp e a r to b e c o rr e ct; bu t i n c o m p l ete a n d s i m p l i stic. I t m ay b e m o r e e n l i gh te n i n g in t h is r e s p ect, i f we s t ud y t h e I nd ian cale nd ar i s c alled p a n c h a n g ( p a n c h a = f i v e a ng a= a s p e c ts o r p a r t s ; v i z . tit h i, wa r , n a k s h at r a, k a r an a n d a y a n ) ; f u r t h e r . NA M A S M A R AN AND S T U D Y O F G EET A

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Wh a t i s t he b a c k g r o und o f t he s h a ring o f m y pe r ce p t i o ns o f G i t a ? Why did I s t udy G i t a ? I t g i v es m e g r eat p lea s u r e to s h a r e t h e s e e xp e r ie n c e s a n d p e r ce p ti on s o f m y st ud y o f B h a g a v ad Gita. O bv i ou s l y ; t h i s i s n eit h e r a t r a n s lati o n no r a c o m m e n t a r y . I m a y no t call t h is an i n te r p r etati o n a l s o . T h is i s s i m p l y , a s h a r i n g o f m y e x p e r ie n c e s a n d p e r ce p ti on s o f B h a g a v ad Gita! F o r t h e s a k e o f s i m p lici t y , h e n ce f o r th I a m g o i n g to r e f er h er a s Gita. A no t h er i n te r e s t i n g t h i ng , w h ich m a y a pp ear qu ee r , i s ; I p r e f er t o r e f e r to Gi t a a s “ s h e” a n d no t it. B eca u s e Gita is m u c h m o r e t h an a “ li v i ng ” a n d “ l ov i ng ” m o t h e r ! I t w a s in ea r l y c h il dho o d t h at I u s ed t o h ear s o m e c h a p te r s s u ch a s 1 5 t h ; b ei n g r ecited b y m y b r o t h e r s a n d s i s t e r . D u r i n g ou r s c hoo l d a y s I r e m e m b er t o h a v e lea r n t s o m e s h l ok as fr o m Gita D h y a n a a n d s o m e s h l ok as fr o m Gita p r op e r . B u t I don ’ t r e m e m b er t h e d etails. A f ter t h is b r i e f e n c oun te r , all t h at I h e a r d du r i n g m y m e d ical c o lle g e d a y s, fr o m l e f t i s t fr ie nd s w a s no t in f a vo r o f Git a . B u t w h at I h e a r d fr o m m a n y o t h e r s w a s h i g h accla i m f o r Gi t a. B u t s o m e ho w I wa s i nvo l v ed in m a n y t h i ng s o t h er t h an Gita a n d p r ob a b ly k e p t o n g r op i n g in t h e d a r k f o r qu ite s o m e t i m e. M ay b e, t h i s was b eca u se s t ud y o f Gita d id no t s e e m to h a v e a pp licat i o n in m e d ical p r o f e s s i o n o r s o ci a l d e v el o p m e n t; o r b eca u s e s t ud y o f G ita w a s n ’ t t hou g h t v e r y i m p o r ta n t b y l ea d e r s in d i ff e r e n t f iel d s . M o s t i m po r ta n tl y , s t ud y o f Gita w a s no t p r o m o ted e noug h b y t h e l o cal, m un ici p al, s ta t e a n d ce n t r al gov e r n m e n t s ; in I nd ia; to att r act m a j or ity o f p e op le a n d e s p ecial l y y oun g m i n d s ! St ud y o f G ita w a s no t a s s o ci a ted with a n y a pp a r e n t o r t e m p t i n g i n ce n ti v e!

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I m u s t a pp r eciate ho we v e r ; t h at t h e r e h a v e b een m a n y vo l un ta r y g r oup s t ry i n g to s p r ead t h e s t ud y a n d m e ss a g e o f Gita all ov er t h e w o r l d , e v en t hou g h I h ad no t c o m e in t h eir c on tact o r i n f l u e n ced b y t h eir acti v i t y ! B u t a f ter c o m i n g t o M u m b ai, f l a m e o f c u r i o s ity w a s i g n ited a n d i n te r e s t in Gita w a s a r ou s e d , p r ob a b ly b eca u se I h ad b e gu n to r e v i s it Vi s hnu s a h a s r a n a m a n d N a m a s m a r a n , a nd / o r I w as b ec o m i n g i n c r e a s i ng ly a w a r e o f m y i n a d e qu acie s . A pp a r e n tly it w a s al s o b eca u s e; I w a n ted to s t ud y s o m e t h i n g w o r ld f a m o u s a n d u lt i m a te in e v e r y s e n s e; so as to boo s t m y e go ! He n ce I b e g an t h e s t ud y o f Gita. B u t no w it a pp ea r s t h at t h e r e w a s m u ch m o r e to it t h an t h i s . W h et h er I s t ud ied Gita o r Gi t a h e r s e l f m a d e m e s t ud y h e r , i s a m o o t qu e s ti o n a n d I f eel; t h e l atter m a y b e t r u e r . When d i d I s t a r t t he s t ud y ? Wh a t w ere t he e a rly e x perienc e s ? W h en I se r i ou s l y b e g an to s t ud y Gita; a bou t twe n ty y e ar s a go , I f o un d m a n y c on t r a d icti on s in h e r . F o r e x a m p l e , in 4 t h c h a p te r , L o r d K r i s hn a s a y s in t h e s a m e v e r se, ( Ch a t ur va rn aya m m ay a s r u s t a m …) t h at h e c r e ated f ou r VA R NAS a n d al s o ; h e d id no t c r ea t e t h e m ! A l s o , e v en a s L o r d K r i s hn a a dvo cates t h e war ( T a s m a t u tt i s h t ha K a u n t e y a y uddh ay a k r u t a nishch aya … 2 nd ch a p t er, nir a s hi n ir m a m o bh oo t v a y uddh ay a k r u t a n i s hch aya … 3 rd ch a p t er, Y a d a h a n k a r m a s hri t y a na yo t s y a i t i… . . 1 8 t h ch a p t er), h e a l s o upho l d s nonv i o le n ce a n d c on t r o l o f m i n d in m o s t o f t h e c h a p te r s e . g . (Ah i m s a s a t ya m a k r o d h a m . . 16 t h ch a p t er, M oo dh ag r a hen a m a t n oya t … 17 t h ch a p t er, ) a s a v i r t u e.

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S i m il a r l y , L o r d K r i s hn a d isa pp r ov es A r j un a ’ s a r g u m e n ts in 1 s t c h a p t e r a bou t V A R NA S A N K A R, w h ich m e a n s i nd isci p li n ed a n d un r e s t r icted m ar r ia g e s d i r e cted b y m e r e att r acti on ; in d i ff e r e n t g r oup s , (Ash o c h ya n a i v a s h o ch a s t va m p r a j n y a va d a n s cha bh a s h a s e.. . 2 nd ch a p t e r ) h e u s e s t h e s a m e a r g u m e n t (Y a di h ya h a m na va r t e ya m … a nd U t s ide y urime l o k a m … 3 rd ch a p t er). I n 2 nd c h a p ter h is a r g u m e n t ( A kee r t i n cha pi bh oo t a ni…, B h aya t r a n a t up a r a t a m … , A w a cch y a va d a n s cha b a h oo n…. e t c ) a b ou t “ w h at p e op le w ou ld s a y ” , a pp ea r s to b e t o o s up e r f i c ial a n d no t e n li gh te n i n g o r ph il o s oph ical (Pl e a s e r e f e r ; p a g e 121 ). O n e can quo te m a n y s u ch c on t r a d ict i on s a n d un i n te r e s t i n g a r g u m e n ts a s e x a m p le s ; bu t t h at is no t t h e pu r po s e o f t h i s w r iti ng , b e c a u s e a s can b e s een l a tte r , t h e s e a pp a r e n t c on t r a d icti on s k e p t g etti n g r e s o l v ed in t h e p r o cess o f s t ud y . He n ce, t h e pu r po se o f t h i s w r iti n g i s ; to s h a r e e x citi n g c h a ng es in m y p e r ce p ti on s o f G i ta a n d m y s el f a n d h it h e r to i m po ssi b le; a m azi n g r e v elati on s ; w h ich o cc u rr ed as I w e n t o n s t ud y i n g Gita, in s p ite o f t h e c on t r a d icti on s a n d un i n te r e s ti n g a r g u m e n ts! Why did I c o n t i n ue m y s t udy o f G i t a in s pi t e o f t he c o n t r a dic t i o n s a nd unin t e r e s t ing a r g u m e nt s ( w hi c h a t t h a t t i me w e r e “ r e a l” a nd n o t “ merely a pp a ren t ” )? W hy did I g o a he a d e v en f ur t her t o by he a rt her? T h e r e a s o n w h y I k e p t o n s t ud y i n g G ita in s p ite o f t h e c on t r a d icti on s wa s ; I se n s ed t h at t h e r e w a s s o m et h i n g in Gita, w h ich I was no t a b le p e r cei v e. T h is se n si n g o f s o m e t h i ng ; w h ich I w a s no t a b le to p e r cei v e, k e p t o n h a un ti n g m e . I s e n s ed t h at i t w a s s o p r eci o u s t h at I c ou ld no t r esi s t m y s e l f ! T h i s w a s li k e an ob s e ssi o n o f s e a r c h i n g a s e c r et t r e a s u r e; in s p ite o f d i f f ic u l t ies a n d d a ng e r s ! T h at s e n s ati o n o f s o m e t h i n g

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i m p e r ce p ti b le in G ita k e p t o n p r op elli n g m e fr o m wit h in al s o ! I t w a s as if I w a s po ssessed b y t h is s e n s a ti o n in a n d ou t! I n a dd iti on , I r e ali z ed t h at I n ee d ed to c o rr elate t h e s h l ok as o r v e r s e s in d i ff e r e n t c h a p te r s so as to e x t r act d e e p er m e a n i ng . T h is c ou ld h a v e b een po ss i b le on ly i f I re m e m b e r ed a l l t h e 70 0 v e r s e s fr o m d i ff e r e n t c h a p te r s , a n d c on t e m p late o n t h e m , a t a n y g i v en po i n t o f t i m e. T h is I t hough t was t h e on ly w a y to p o s s i b ly r e s o l v e t h e c on t r a d icti on s ; e v en w h ile t r a v eli n g o r wal k i n g a n d wi t hou t h a v i n g t o r e f e r a book ! So I sta r t ed t h e uph ill ta s k ( a s I d o no t h a v e t h e g i f t o f v e r y goo d m e m o r y ) o f b y h ea r ti n g Git a ! B u t fr a nk ly s p ea k i ng , e v en as I a m g i v i n g t h e s e a pp a r e n tly l og ical e xp la n ati on s , I h ad no t qu ite und e r s t oo d w h y I k e p t o n r eciti n g a n d b y h ea r ti n g Gita, o b s e s s i v ely in s p ite o f t h e c on t r a d icti on s ! I t a pp ea r s no w, t h a t Gita h e r se l f c on s u m ed m y c o n s ci ou s n e s s , wit hou t m e b ei n g aw a r e o f it a n d k e p t o n a b s o r b i ng ; m y b ei n g in h e r ! A no t h er r e a s o n f o r t h e p e r s i s te n ce; ( i n s p ite o f p ai n s a n d a gon ies o f fr e qu e n t a n d se r i o u s d i s a g r e e m e n t s ); w h ich w a s b e y on d m y d e s i r e o r vo l un ta r y wil l , m a y b e t h at; s t ud y o f Gita h a s t h e r oo ts in m y p r e v i ou s b i r t h . T h is s t ud y m a y b e a c on ti nu ati o n o f w h at was l e f t h a l f w a y ; i n t h e la s t b i r t h ! Y o u m a y b elie v e a n d a pp r eciate t h is o r d i s c a r d a s a f li g h t o f i m a g i n ati on ! I l ea v e it to y ou r o wn p e r ce p ti on s a n d e xp e r ie n c e s ! B u t l i f e act u al l y e n c o m p a s s e s t h e b i r t h s a n d d eat h s a n d h e n ce called AN U B A N DHA a n d N IT Y AGA i. e . l i nk ed u p a n d c on t i n uou s ! T h e c on ti nu ity is e v i d e n t in s u ch ph e n o m e n a. Why did n o t I w r i t e e a rlier?

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I n t h e p r o c e ss o f s t ud y i n g Gita; t h e t h ough t to s h a r e m y und e r s ta nd i n g u s ed b e v e r y p r e d o m i n a n t. T h i s m a y b e a r e a cti o n o f t h e e x cit e m e n t I d e r i v ed f r o m t i m e to t i m e fr o m Gita o r it m ay b e b eca u s e I t hough t; I h a v e s o m e t h i n g to o ff er to t h e s o ciet y ! F o r t h i s r e a s on ; I h ad t r ied to w r ite o n Gi t a a bou t ten to twel v e y e ar s b ac k , bu t later I st opp ed h al f w a y ; as I wa s no t qu ite satis f ied a n d w a s n o t at e a s e; with m y o wn i n te r p r etati on s, c o n te nt i on s a n d e xp la n ati on s , w h ich a p p ea r ed ci r c u l a r to m e ! Wh a t i s t he f eeli n g w hile s h a ring t h e perc e p t i o n s o f G i t a t o d ay ? N o t t h at I a m s h a r i n g no w, b eca u s e I can cla i m to h a v e und e r s t oo d Gita c o m p l e tel y , bu t b e ca u s e, I a m c onv i n ced t h at Gita e n li gh te n s u s f o r t h e j ou r n e y ; t h at s t a r ts with i gno r a n ce, i n d i v i du alit y ; a n d ti m e d m o r tal e x i s te n ce; a n d h ea d s t o w a r d s t h e d e s t i n ati on s o f s e l f r ea lizati on ; un i v e r s ali t y a n d t r a n s- t e m po r al i m mo r tal c on s ci o u s n es s ; r e s p ecti v el y ! Or r at h e r , it i s b e c a u s e it i s an u r g e t o s ha r e s o m et h i n g w ond e r f u l with t h e o t h e r s , with w ho m I f ee l , I a m un ite d , i r re s p ecti v e o f t h eir c a s t e, c r ee d , r eli g i on , i d e o l og y , r ac e , c oun t r y a n d o t h er c h a r ac t e r i s ti c s ; s u ch a s w h et h er I kno w t h e m o r no t! I a m k een to s h a r e t h is g r eat t r ea s u r e, b eca u s e; at t h i s j un ct u r e I see; t h at Gita d ea l s wit h ; 1 ) M o lec u lar a cti v iti e s 2 ) I nd i v i du al act i v ities i n cl ud i n g v a r i ou s phy s ica l , i n s ti n ct u al, e m o ti on al a n d i n tellect u al 3 ) T h e r elati on s h ip o f t h e se with t h e s o cie t y a n d un i v e r s e a n d 4 ) T h e r elati on s h ip o f a ll t h e s e with p a s t , p r e s e n t a n d f u t u r e; a n d 5 ) T h e all e n c o m p a s s i n g c o s m i c c o n s ci ou s n e ss i.e. t h e n at u r e o f o u r c o s m ic b ei ng . I a m e n t hu s i a s t i c t o s h a r e b eca u se, t h oug h Gita do es no t d eal wit h ; t h e d r udg e r y o f e n u m e r ati o n a n d d e s c r i p ti o n o f i rr ele v a n t p e r i ph e r al d etai l s , s h e d ea l s with t h e i n t r icate p r i n ci p l e s i nvo l v ed in t h e i n t e r m o lec u l a r , i n ter - m o m e n t, i n t e r p e r s on al, i n te r n at i on al i n te r acti on s a n d al s o t h e

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i n te r acti on s at all t h e le v els o f c on sc i ou s n es s . T h i s m a y b e te r m ed c o s m i c d y n a m i c s o r c o s m ic o r c h e s t r a; i n cl ud i n g t h e r o le o f an i nd i v i du al b l o ss o m i n g in it! Do I unde r s t a nd G i t a c o m p l e t el y ? I h a v e r e alized t h at I m a y no t und e r s t a n d Gita, I m ay und e r s ta n d Gi t a p a r tiall y , o r I m a y m i s und e r s ta n d Gi t a. I n a n y c ase it i s u s e f u l; b eca u s e; with t h e s t ud y o f Gita, t h e r e s t a r t s t h e e x citi n g vo y a g e o f e n li gh te n m e n t a n d b l o ss o m i ng ! C o m p lete und e r s ta nd i n g o f Gita i s i m po ss i b le, b eca u s e i t is t r a n s - i n tellect u al i. e . b e yon d t h e t h r ee le v e l s o f c on s ci o u s n ess ( S W PAN A , SUSHU P T I a n d JA G R U T I , i .e. d r e a m , s l eep a n d wa k e f u l n e ss r e s p e cti v el y ) a n d f ou r m od e s o f c o m m un ic a ti o n (V AA C H A) v i z . PA R A, PAS H Y A N TI , M AD H YA M A a n d VA I KH A R I , i. e . r ough ly s p ea k i ng ; c o m m u n icati o n fr o m t h e r oo t o f on e ’ s e x i s t e n ce wit hou t a r tic u lati on ( u m b il i cal a r ea), t h e p r i m i ti v e i n s ti n c t s c o m m un ic a ti o n ( p r ec o r i d al a r e a ), a u t ono m ic n e r vou s s y st e m a n d n e u r o e ndo c r i n e s y s te m (t h r o at) a n d c o mm un icati o n as a r tic u l ated a n d s pok en t h r oug h ce n t r al n e r vou s acti v ity ( t ongu e, li p s , p alate etc) r e s p ecti v el y . T h e s e m od e s o f c o m m un icati o n s ee m to e xp r e ss d i f f e r e n t le v e l s o f g e n u i n ity a n d v a r y i n g d i s ta n ce fr o m t h e ob j ecti v e t r u t h . Wh a t i s t he s c o pe o f t he s t udy o f G i t a in indi v idu a l li f e? H o we v e r , e v en i f I don ’ t und e r s ta n d Gita, du e to a bov e r e a s on ; I h a v e t h e f r ee d o m a n d oppo r t un ity to k eep o n s t ud y i n g Gita a n d m e r g e w ith c o s m i c c on sci ou s n ess to t h e e x te n t po s s i b le, a n d w h ile do i n g s o s h a r e t h e p e r c e p ti on s ! I h a v e t h e fr ee d o m to b e e m p o we r ed in t h e c ou r s e o f t i m e; s u ff ici e n t e noug h to r eli nqu i s h at a pp r o p r iate t i m e; “ m y ” t h en r e dund a n t; i n t ellect u al,

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i n s ti n ct u al, e m o ti o n al a n d i n s ti n ct u al fr a m ew o r k s , m a t e r ial po s s e s s i on s a n d m y bod y , h a pp ily a n d v ict o r i ou s l y ! T h is i s a k in to a b l o s s o m i n g f l o w e r ; t h at e m a n a tes its p le a s a n t fr a g r a n ce (wit hou t r e s e r v ati o n s a n d a n y k i n d o f p ain o r d i s c o m f o r t w h at s o e v e r ) o r a r i p e fr u it t h at d r op s fr o m t h e t r e e! Wh a t i s t he r o le o f NA M AS M AR A N in t he s t udy o f G i t a ? N o w b e f o r e I g o a h ea d , I m u s t s tate h e r e, t h at N A MA S M A R AN e n a b led t h e m u ch n ec e s s a r y i nn er p r opu l s i o n f o r c on ti nu ed s t ud y a n d “ und e r s ta nd i ng ” Gita to t h e e x te n t po s s i b le; a n d Gi t a p r ov i d ed t h e p a r a d i g m s h i f t a n d s t r on g a n d s ta b ili z i n g c on ce p t u al f ound ati o n t h at m a d e it po s s i b le to a dh e r e to a pp a r e n t ly m ea n i ng less a n d ung l a m o r o u s acti v ity o f N A M A SM A R A N! B u t m o s t i m po r ta n tly it i s t h e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss (G u r u ) t h at h a s m a d e a ll t h i s ; i.e. s tud y o f Gita, Vi s hnu s a h a s r a n a m a n d NA M AS MA R A N po s s i b le! Why w a s n ’ t t h i s published a s p ri n t ed b o o k ? I a m g lad t h at it h as b een up l o a d ed f o r f ree d o w nl oa d a n d is b ei n g s h a r ed with m i lli on s , W I T H OUT t h e d elay ca u sed b y v a r i ou s f o r m a liti e s i nvo l v ed in p r i n ti n g , pub li s h i n g a dv e r ti s i ng , t r a n s po r tat i on , s h i p m e n t a n d m a r k eti n g o r selli n g o f h a r d c op ie s . T h i s d el a y du e to s e v e r al f act o r s s u ch a s m o ti v ati on , i n te r e s t, c o m m it m e n t, c a p a b ilit y , d y n a m i s m o f t h e p r i n te r s, pub li s h e r s a n d t h e p e op le i nvo l v ed in m a r k eti n g a n d s a l e; o f h a r d c op ies i s a vo i d e d ! I a m a l s o g lad t h at t h is elec t r on ic pub licati o n is i nd e p e nd e n t o f a n y i n f l u e n ce o f c h a r i t y , don ati on s , s pon s o r s h i p . T h i s i s w h at I c all t h e g r a ce o f G o d o r t he b ene vo lence o f t he c o s m ic c o n s ci o u s n e s s ! I n a s much a s I d o n’t w a nt t o keep a ny c o p y ri g h t s ; so t h a t a n y b o dy in t he w o rld; c o u l d u t ili z e t he s e s h a red pe r cep t i o n s fr eel y , I w o uld a l s o l i k e t o cl a ri f y t h a t ; j u st a s w ell m e a ning u se o f t h e s e w o uld a id

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in i m m ine n t uni v er s a l b l o s s o m in g ; t he pl ag i a rism o f t h i s m a t eri a l in a ny f o rm w i t h v e s t ed i n t er e s t s a nd m e r cen a ry m o t i v e s ; w o uld pr ov e de t r i m e n t a l t o t he pl ag i a ri s t s a nd t heir re a de r s; a nd hence t o e v er yo ne. N ov e m ber 4 , 2009 , 4 : 3 0 pm. I n w h a t w a y w a s it a di ff icult pr o p o s i t i o n t o s t u dy a nd c o n t inue t o s t u dy G i t a ? L i k e a n y i nd i v i du a l I w as a l s o e ng r o s s ed in t h e cac ophon y o f n ee d s , wa n t s , p a ss i o n s , i n f at u ati on s , go a l s , d r e a m s a n d a s p i r at i on s , f o r m y se l f a n d t h e s o cie t y , w h ich I w a s c on s ci o u s o f , t h e r e w a s ; in a dd iti on ; an i n e xp lica b le a n d s ub c on s ci ou s und e r c u rr e n t t h at s e e m e d to g i v e i n c o m p r e h e n s i b le t wi s t s a n d t u r n s to m y l i f e; o f ten b e y on d m y t o le r a n ce a n d f o r b ea r a n ce a n d s ti r r ed m e fr o m d eep wit h i n ! A dd ed to all t h is w a s ; t h e c h alle ng e o f s t ud y o f Gita, in w h ich t h e r e w a y n o m on et ar y b e n e f it o r a n y s o l u ti o n to d ay to d a y p r ob l e m s . St ud y o f Gita h ad (a n d e v en t od ay do es no t h a v e a n y v al u e) in m e d i ca l c u rr ic u l u m . T h e r e w a s i m po r t a n ce in m e d ical c u r r ic u l u m ! T h i s a pp a r e n t i r r ele v a n ce a n d no n u tility o f t h e s t ud y m a d e it d i ff ic u lt a n d o f ten d i s t u r b i ng ! B u t e v en a s it a pp e a r ed to c r eate t u r m o il wit h in m y i n te l lect u al a n d e m o ti on al f ra m ew o r k ; I c ou ld no t g et r id o f i t , till t od a y , du e to t h e po ss i b le r e a s on s m e n ti on ed ea r lie r ! Wh a t i s t he b o nd t h a t G i t a c re a t e s ? I t i s j u s t in r ece n t ti m e s t h at I h a v e s t a r ted a pp r eciati n g t h at Gita h a s t h e n ectar o f i m m o r ta l ity t h at i s b e y on d i nd i v i d u al c on s ci ou s n e s s . B u t till r ece n tl y ; I f elt t h at Gita (w h o k ills o n e ’ s s ub j e c ti v it y ), i m p a r ted a d y i n g e xp e r ie n ce! T h is is w h y a t e a r lier s ta g es I f elt it w a s t e rr i b ly fr i gh te n i n g

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to s t ud y a n d i n te r n alize Gi t a! B u t e v e n t h e n , Gita i m m er s ed m e in h e r s e l f ! I n p a s t , I u s ed to s o m et i m e s w o r s h ip Gita a n d s o m et i m e s c on t r a d ict h e r ; wit hou t s e r i o u s ly st ud y i ng ! I o f ten m e r ely u sed s o m e q uo tat ion s f r o m Gita f o r p r ov i n g m y po i n t a n d to i m p r ess t h e a ud ie n ce a n d f eel goo d with m y se l f . D u r i n g m y s t ud y i n c o lle g e a n d m e d i cal c o lle g e I u sed g et e n a m o r ed b y unu s u al te r m i no l og y a n d b o m b a s t i c un c o m m o n w o r d s a n d f e el ela t e d . Ma n y a t i m e s quo ti n g Gita, ad d ed to t h is ela t i on ! B u t no w I kno w t h at I w a s m e r el y ; g etti n g e n a m o r ed o r r e pu l s ed b y e xp e r ie n ci n g t h e p e r i ph e ry ; s i m i l ar to e n j o y i n g o r h ati n g t h e f r u it b y ta s ti n g i t s s k i n ! Wh a t i s t he s i g ni f ic a nce o f reci t ing G i t a ? I n I nd ia, Gi t a i s r e cite d , c h a n te d , b y h ea r ted b y m a n y . E a r li e r I t hough t t h is w a s s t up i d ity o r s l a v i s h m e n tali t y . At t i m e s I t hough t t h is w as b li n d b eli e f . B u t t od ay I c on f e ss fr a nk ly t h a t I w as m o r e i m m a t u r e at t h at t i m e , t h an w h at I a m t o d a y ! T od ay a s a s t u d e n t o f phy s i o l og y f o r ov er 3 0 y ea r s, I f e el t h at G ita can e s p ecial l y b e n e f i t all t h e c h il d r en in t h e w o r ld to d e v el o p a n d t o n e u p t h eir ce n t r al n e r vou s s y s te m (i n c l ud i n g t h e s p eech a r e a s a n d s p eech a r tic u lati o n with b i o m e d ical f e e db ac k ) a n d e nh a n ce t h eir e vo l u ti o n du r i n g t h is li f e! T h is i s t r u e no t m e r e ly f o r a c h ild bu t f o r a n y a n d e v e r y p e r s o n o f a n y a g e in t h e w o r l d . T h is i s t r u e e v en if Gita i s b y h ea r ted wit hou t und e r sta nd i n g t h e i n t r icaci e s , w h ich on e can a pp r eciate at a l ater s ta g e o f d e v el o p m e n t! As a s t ud e n t o f phy s i o l og y , I a m a l s o s u r e t h at; b y h ea r t i n g o f c e r tain f ac t s , m ea n i n g f u l hy m n s , ph il o s oph ical o r s cie n t i f ic s u t r as ( e . g . t ho se fr o m A y u r v e d a, G i ta, a n d A r it h m eti c ), wit hou t qu e s ti on i ng ; lets t h e

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c h ild bu il d ; t h e e d i f i ce o f kno wle dg e a n d t h en w o r k o n it. Up to a ce r t ain a g e t h e r e i s n o c a p acity in u s to a n al y ze a n d c o m p r e h e n d ce r tain a s p ec t s o f li f e a n d h e n ce i n s i s t ence o n c l a r i f icati o n s hou ld no t b e e n c ou r a g ed as it can act a s h i nd r a n ce in t h e lea r n i ng . I n f a ct b y h ea r ti n g e v en i f t h e c h ild d id no t u n d e r s ta n d t h e m ea n i n g i s a s e s s e n tial; a s f ee d i n g t h e b a b y , e v en if it d id no t und e r s ta n d t h e nu t r i ti v e p r i n ci p les in t h at f ood ! W h ile s t ud y i n g Gi t a I r ealized t h at qu e s ti on s t h e m sel v e s s hou ld no t b e d i s c ou r a g e d , bu t e n c ou r a g e d , but it m u st a l s o be c l e a r t h a t a ll ques t i o n s m a y n o t be a n s w ered a n d if a n s w ered, t he a n s w e r s m a y n o t be u nde r s t o o d. H ence i n s i s t e nc e o n cl a ri f ic a t i o n; a s a prec o ndi t i o n t o b y he a r t in g ; s h o u l d n o t be enc o ur a g ed. Wh a t i s t he r o le o f p a t ience a nd h u m il i t y in le a rn i ng G i t a ? A no t h er po i n t in lea r n i n g Gita i s ; an a pp r o ach with h u m i lity a n d p atie n ce. T h e y a r e v e r y i m po r ta n t. B e s i d e s , h i dd en m ea n i ng s a r e no t und e r s t oo d b y c a s u al r ea d i n g a nd / o r e go ce n t r ic a pp r o a c h und er t h e s p ell o f e g alit a r ia n , u t op ian o r a n y s u ch ph il o s oph ical t ho u gh t. M o r e ov e r ; G i ta c a nn o t b e a pp r eci a t e d if we a r e al r ea d y p r e j ud iced b y i nd i v i du ali s tic t r e n d s o r s o cial i s t i c do g m as; o f ten h i dd en und er t h e gu i s e o f a n al y ti c al f e r vo r a nd / o r s c i e n t i f ic te m p e r . Patie n ce (w h ich i s bo r n fr o m hon e s t y , c o m m it m e n t a n d r ea d i n ess to g o b e y on d i nd i v i d ua l s ub j e cti v ity a n d p a r a d i g m s o f e v e r y k i n d a n d s o m e t i m e s called SH R AD D HA) op e n s t h e doo r s to e n l i gh te n m e n t a n d b l o ss o m i n g at i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al l e v el s ! Wh a t i s t he b ene f it f r o m s t udy o f G i t a ?

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N o w I r eali z e t h at s t ud y o f Gita can e m po w er a s e r i o u s s t ud e n t o f Gi t a to li v e with un c ond iti on ed acce p ta n ce, l ov e a n d r e s p ect f o r e v e r y m o m e n t a n d s it u at i on , a n d w o r k in c on s on a n ce with n a t u r e; to on e ’ s c o m p l e te f u l f il l m e n t a n d g r eatest s at i s f a cti on . Gita e n a b l e s on e t o b l o ss o m in s u ch a w a y , t h at s ub j ec t i v ity g e t s s h ed o f f s m oo t h l y ; w h i l e g l ob al un ity a n d h a r m on y b e g in to pu l s ate in on e ’ s h ea r t! I t i s w o r t h w h ile to s h a r e with y o u h e r e; t h at t od ay I f eel t h at; o pp o r t uni t y t o s t udy G i t a is a o ne o f t he g re a t e s t t r e a s ure in m y l i f e f o r m e. N ov e m ber 4 , 200 9 9 : 4 5 p m . H o w do w e rec o ncile t h e s o ci a lis t ic a nd indi v idu a lis t i c ide a s w i t h t he principl e s o f G i t a ? D u r i n g m y f ir s t f e w y e a r s o f s t ud y o f N a m a s m a r a n , V i s hnu s a h a s r a n a m a n d Gita, I w a s i n sti n cti v ely o r i n t u it i v ely f e eli ng , t h at t h e es s e n ce o f t h e s e t eac h i ng s w a s no t at all in oppo s iti o n to t h e i d ea o f s o cial j u s tice a n d m ate r i al a bund a n ce; e xp licit in s o ciali s t i c a n d l e f t i s t way o f t h i nk i ng . I f elt s t r o ng l y ; t h at i n e qu ality a n d e xp l o itati o n we r e a b e rr ati on s ; a n d in n o wa y ; teac h i ng s o f Git a , V i s hnu s a h a s r a n a m a n d NAM A SM A R AN (as s o m et i m e s e r r on e ou s ly t hough t e v en b y m e). I s e n s ed t h e e s s en c e o f G i t a a nd Vis h nu s a h a s r a n a m a n d t he NA M A S M A R AN e m b o died t he s p i ri t ; uni f y ing t he e s s ence o f t he le f t i s t s, ri g h t i s t s , belie v e r s , n o n b el i e v ers a nd a ll o t h e r s ! B u t it i s a f t er ongo i n g s t ud y t h at it b e c a m e cle a r t h at b e i n g no t e qu al can m e a n ; m e r ely b ei n g d i ff e r e n t a n d c o m p le m e n t ar y (a n d no t n eces s a r i l y un e qu al in t h e s e n se o f c on s tit u ti n g a n ta gon i s tic r elati o n s h ip o f e xp l o iter

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a n d e xp l o ite d ). T h en I t oo k it upo n m y s e l f to f u r t h er cl a r i fy t h e e s s e n ce to m y se l f a n d s h a r e it with o t h e r s. B e ca u s e; I h ad in m y s e l f (w h ich we r e in t h e ou t s i d e s o c i et y ), t h e l e f t i s t, r i g h ti s t, i nd i v i du ali s t i c, s o cial i s tic a n d goo d a n d b a d el e m e n t s ; s u ch a s s up e r f i ciali t y , p etti n e s s , p r e j ud ice a n d i d e o l og ical a d a m a n c y ! I n w h a t w a y w a s t he s t udy o f G i t a u s e f ul in pr a c t i c a lly re a li z ing t he ide a ls o f li f e? I w a s p o s s e s s ed b y on ly on e qu e s ti on : H o w to s ee m o r e clea r l y a n d t h en s ho w t h at e s s e n ce o f Gita, Vi s hnu s a h a s r a n a m a n d NA M AS MA R A N; i s t h e k e y to b l o s s o m i n g o f all, i r r e s p ecti v e o f t h eir i d e n tity v i z . a t h ei s t, l e f t i s t s , Hi n du s , non - Hi ndu s , a n d o t h e r s b el ong i n g to d i f f e r e n t c u l t u r al a n d s o ci o ec o no m i c g r oup s ? I h ad se n s e d , a s m e n ti on ed ea r lie r , t h at Gita, V i s hnu s a h a s r a n a m a n d NAM A SM A R AN h ad t h e b e s t fr o m c a p itali s t o r i nd i v i du ali s tic do ct r i n es in t e r m s o f i nd i v i du al b l o ss o m i n g a n d t h e b e s t o f M a r x i s t, l e f t i s t, s o cial i s t o r c o m m un i s t do ct r i n es in te r m s o f g l o b al b l o s s o m i n g a n d we l f a r e o f all; a n d un ite all s t r e a m s in t h e s o cie t y ! S o , f r o m t h i s po i n t o f v iew, I w r o te m y c o m m e n t s o r i n t e r p r etati on s o n Gita a n d V i s hnu s a h a s r a n a m a n d Na m a s m a r a n , s o a s to h i gh li gh t t h e i nn ate un ity a n d b r i n g e v e ry on e t og et h e r , i r r e s p ecti v e ca s te, c r ee d , r eli g i o n a n d e v en s o ci o ec on o m ic g r o up ! Did I g et f rus t r a t ed a ny t i m e ; in t h e pr o c e ss o f s t ud y ing G i t a ? B u t a s t h e t i m e p a s s e d , I s t a r ted r eali z i n g t h at e v en t ho u g h m y e f f o r ts we r e hon est ( a cc o r d i n g to m e ), t h e y we r e s u b j ecti v e a n d i n c o m p let e . T h ey d id no t c onv ey a b s o l u te o r o b j e cti v e t r u th a n d h e n ce, d id no t m a t ch t h e d e m a nd s o f t h e t i m e ! B u t h a v i n g no t und e r s t oo d t h is e n i g m a; I w a s

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r eal l y fr u s t r ate d . I d i dn ’ t qu ite und e r s ta n d t h e s ub tle d i f f e r e n ce b et w een s ub j e cti v e a n d ob jecti v e p e r s p ecti v e s. I w a s un a b le to s e e ho w m y e f f o r t s ; a d m i r ed b y m o s t r ea d e r s ; c ou ld a pp a r e n tly m a k e n o i m p a c t (in t e r m s o f s o cio c u lt u r al a n d po litico ec on o m i c c ond iti on s , to m y s at i s f a cti on ) o n m y s elf a nd th e s o ci e t y ! H o w d o es G i t a ( o r N A M S M A RA N ) help in ov erc o ming t he f ru s t r a t i o n? B u t in s p ite o f m y fr u s t r ati on , I s till f elt qu ite st r ong ly t h at m y c onv icti on s i f r e al; t h en m u s t b l o s s o m t h e un i v e r s e in e v ery po ss i b le way at s o m e po i n t o f ti m e . So I w a s no t t o o m u ch v a g r a n t o r d id no t g o t o o a s t r a y ! G r a du ally I b e g an to r ealize t h at, e v e n as m y c onv icti o n w a s c o r r ect acc o r d i n g to m e, it c ou ld b e m o r e s u b j ec t i v e a n d h e nc e i t w a s e s s e n tial to p r actice NA MA SM A R A N with g r eater c o m m it m e n t a n d g r o w m o r e a n d m o r e o b j ecti v e . Ha v i n g r eal i zed t h is onu s m y h ea d , it b ec a m e i n c r e a s i ng ly cl e ar t h at it w a s u s el e ss a nd / o r c oun te r p r o d u cti v e to s i m p ly d e s p ise m y o wn s h o r t c o m i ng s! B e ca u s e , s el f p i t y a m oun ted to b ei n g s u ici d al, i .e. v i o le n t to m y se l f ! Ha v i n g acce p ted t h e NA M AS MA R AN a s t o p p r i o r i t y , it a l s o b ec a m e clear t h at it w as i n a pp r op r iate to h ate t h e s ho r tc o m i ng s o f t h e o t h e r s . B eca u s e , t h at i s b e i n g in a s ub tle w a y , v i o le n t to o t h e r s! T hu s , I s t opp ed d e s p i s i n g w h ate v e r w a s h a pp e n i n g in t h e s o c i ety w h ich was unp lea s a n t to m e! I r e alized t h at t h er e w a s n o s e n s e in g etti n g f r u s t r ate d , f eeli n g gu ilt y , acce p ti n g d e f eat o r b l a m i n g d i s a g r ee a b le acti v iti e s a n d v iew po i n ts o f o t h e r s (t h eist s , s p i r it u ali s t s , at h e i s t s , le f t i s t s , s ec u l a r e t c b eca u s e I w as a p a r t all t h i s s o m e p o i n t in t i m e). I a l s o f oun d n o s e n s e in f eeli n g sad

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a bou t t h e m isi n te r p r etati on s o f Gita, Vi s hnu s a h a s r a n a m a n d NAM A SM A R AN b y t h eir w o r s h i pp e r s a nd / o r t h eir d e tr act o r s ( b eca u s e I was a p a r ty to t h is al s o ! ). I a l s o r e alized t h at, w h at i s r e qu i r e d , i s b l o ss o m i n g t og et h er a n d e m po we r i n g on e a no t h e r ; t h r oug h t h e s t ud y a n d p r actice o f Git a , Vi s hnu s a h a s r a n a m a n d NA M AS MA R A N r e s p ecti v e l y . I t hough t t h is w ou ld as s i s t u s to g r o w fr o m wit h in a n d a c t u alize i n tellect u al, e m o t i on al, i n s ti n ct u al a n d ph y s ical acti on s ; in te r m s o f g l ob ally nu r t u r i n g po licy m a k i ng , p l a nn i ng , a d m i n i s t r at i o n a n d i m p le m e n t a ti o n a n d e ng e nd er i nd i v i d u al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ! N ov e m ber 5 , 200 9 , 10 : 0 0 a m Wh a t w ere t he f i r s t i m pr e s s i o n s o f 1 st ch a p t er? I n itially w h en I b e g an to r ead Git a , I f elt t h at I a m r ea d i n g a s t o r y o f wa r . I w a s r at h er p u t o f f b y t h e l i s t o f n a m e s a n d t h e d esc r i p ti o n o f c on c h es t h ey b lew. L ater I r ead a bou t t h e r e pu l s i o n o f Ar j un a a bou t t h e i d ea o f w a r a n d v i o le n ce a n d h is a r g u m e n t s a bou t t h e d i s a s t r ou s e ff ec t s o f w a r . I f elt t h at t h e r e w a s no t h i n g i n tellect u al a n d it a l l s ee m ed to b e t o o obv i o u s to b e s tate d . B u t I k e p t o n b y h ea r ti n g it a pp a r e n t l y ; a s a k i n d o f e x e r ci s e o f m e m o r y a n d p r ob a b ly al s o t o f i ll t h e vo id in m e; a n d act u ally b e c a u s e Gita “ s w all o we d ” m e a s I h a v e m e n ti on ed ea r li e r ! I d id no t qu ite un d e r sta n d t h e e x act m e a n i n g M O HA f o r l on g t i m e. S o m e s aid t h at A r j un a was a fr aid a n d s o m e s aid t h at it was h is l ov e f o r t h e f a m ily m e m b er s . S o m e f elt A r j u n a w a s r i gh t a n d s o m e s aid h e w a s w r ong . B u t I n e v er s ee m ed to und e r s t a n d ho w t h is w a s r elated to t h e d ay

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to d ay p r ob l e m s in l i f e o f a c o m m o n m a n a n d m e ; a n d w h y Gi t a w a s accla i m ed a s t h e g r eat e s t e xpo s i t i o n o f ph il o s ophy ! S o m e s aid t h at t h e d e s c r i p ti o n o f war was s y m bo lic a n d act u ally Gita r elat e s to t h e h i gh er s e l f in an i nd i v i du al with l o wer se l f . T h is s ee m ed i m p re s s i v e bu t c ou ld no t e xp lain t h e r e l e v a n ce o f A r j un a ’ s a r g u m e n ts a bou t V A R NA S AN K AR i.e. h a ph aza r d a n d lawl e ss m ar r ia g e s a m ong s t d i ff e r e n t s t r ata a n d g r oup s in s o cie t y a n d t h eir ill e f f ec t s. H o w c a n w e g et c l a ri f ic a t i o ns t o t he d o ub t s f o rmed w hile s t ud y ing t he 1 st ch a p t er? At t h is j un ct u r e; it is c lea r ; t h at Gi t a a ct u ally d ea l s with t h e i nd i v i du al e x i s te n ce, un i v e r s e , t h e t i m e a n d c o s m i c c o n s ci ou s n e s s . S h e a l s o d ea l s with d i f f e r e n t s ta g es o f h u m an d e v e l o p m e n t fr o m S AD HAKA i.e. s ee k er a n d S I DD H A i . e. e n li gh te n ed i nd i v i d u al a n d t h e v a r i ou s wa y s a n d tec hn i qu es to atta i n t h e u lt i m ate s t ate o f li b e r ati on . I n itially I u s ed to f eel t h at Gi t a r elat e s to i nd i v i du al e m a n ci p ati o n a n d h e n ce f elt t h at t h e r e w a s no t h i n g in te r m s o f s o l u ti o n f o r t h e we l f a r e o f w o r l d . T h i s wa s b e ca u s e o f t h e r e p ea t ed d e s c r i p t i o n o f S T H I T A P R A JNA (a p e r s o n b e y on d t h e i n f l u e n ce o f p a i n f u l a n d p lea s u r a b le i n f l u e n ces in l i f e ) a n d a b se n ce o f a n y r e f e re n ce to d r e a m s o cie t y ! T h i s c ou ld b e b eca u se o f m y e g o ( no t n eces s a r i l y un j u s t i f ied o r c ond e m n a b le, bu t no t acc u r ate eit h er ), w h ich pr e v e n ted m e f r o m s eei n g m y un i t y w ith t h e un i v e r s e a n d ho w t h e S T H IT A P R A JNA s tate w a s r elated to s o cial w e l f a r e . H e n ce I c ou ld no t s ee ho w Gi t a c ou ld h elp in s o cial e m a n ci p ati o n ! I n a dd iti on , t h e ob s es s i o n a n d y ea r n i n g t h at “ I h a v e to c h a ng e t h e w o r l d f o r b ette r ” w a s t h e s t u m b li n g b l o ck in g etti n g s at i s f act o r y s o l u ti o n fr o m Git a !

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M o r e ov e r ; I w a s e xp ecti n g s o m e k i n d o f a b l u e p r i n t f o r t h e un i v e r s al we l f a r e; a n d s i n ce I d id no t f i n d it; I u s ed to f eel t h at Gi t a is i nd i v i du ali s tic a n d h e n ce o f n o c on s e qu e n ces f o r t h e g l ob al we l f a r e. Nat u r al l y I w a s n o t qu ite in l ov e with Gita. I n f act I r e ad a n d s t ud ied it with r el u cta n ce a n d as i f b eca u s e; s o m e bod y w a s pu s h i n g m e fr o m wit h in to s t ud y it p e r si s t e n tl y . D u e to m y hon e s t (t hou g h s ub j ecti v e ) c on ce r n ; I w as ob ses s e d b y g l ob al we l f a r e, o f w h ich I h ad f ai n t s k etch in m i nd . B u t I w a s n eit h er f i nd i n g a n y r e f lecti o n s o f t h e s k etch in r eali t y ; no r w a s I c o m p l e tely c onv i n ced b y it. I wa s p r ob a b ly l ook i n g f o r cle a r er b l u e p r i n t in G it a. B u t s i n ce G ita do es no t g i v e a n y s u ch b l u e p r i n t, I w a s r at h er g etti n g d e p r es s ed b y r ea d i n g Gita. St ud y o f Gita w a s t hu s a k i n d o f i nv ited t r oub le! H o we v er g r a du al l y ; t h i s t u r m o il b e g an to s ub s i d e; w h e n I s ta r t ed to r ealize t h at t h e r o le o f Gi t a i s no t to p r ov i d e a n y b l u e p r i n t; bu t to i n s p i r e t h e s t ud e n t to c r ea t e a un i v e r s al b l u e p r i n t c ondu ci v e to b l o s s o m i n g (in a m o s t d e m o c r atic) o f e v e r y on e in t h e w o r l d ! Wh a t w ere t he hu rdles in t he pr o c e ss o f s t ud y ing G i t a ? S o m et i m e s I t hou g h t Gita w a s p r odu ced o n b attle f iel d , s o m et i m e s I f elt t h at it w a s n o t a c r eati o n o f on e i nd i v i du al. S o m et i m e s I f elt t h at m a n y p e op le h a v e a dd ed d i ff e r e n t v e r s e s o u t o f c on te x t a n d r ele v a n ce. B u t t h e s e f eeli ng s d id no t d eter m e fr o m s t ud y i n g Git a , b e c a u s e; t h e s e f eeli ng s h ad no t h i n g to d o with w h at I w a s l ook i n g f o r in G i ta! I w a s r eal l y no t c on ce r n e d a n d bo t h e r ed w h et h er Gita w a s c r e ated b y on e o r m a n y a n d w h et h er o n b attle f i e ld o r e l s ew h e r e! S o m e p e op le s aid t h at it w a s no t p r o p er to r ead Gita at ho m e a s it lea d s to c on f lic t s in h o m e a n d s o m e p e op le s aid t h at i t w a s i n a u s p ici ou s to r ead it b eca u s e it was r ead a f t e r s o m e on e ’ s d e m i s e . A l t hou g h t h e s e

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v iews s o m et i m e s d i s t u r b ed m e t e m po r a r i l y ; w h ile s t ud y i n g Gita; t h ey c ou ld no t d eter m e f r o m s t ud y i n g h e r ! I ho we v er f elt t h at Gita w a s no t v e r y p lea s a n t li k e a r o m a n tic po et r y a n d d id no t g e n e r ate e l ati o n o r e c s t a s y . S h e s e e m ed to r u t h les s l y re m i n d un wa n te d , unn eces s a r y a n d un r elated qu e s ti on s a n d p r ob l e m s s u ch a s t ho s e o f war a n d d eat h ! A r g u m e n t s t h at Gi ta p r eac h e s v i o le n c e a n d t h e op i n i o n t h at s h e p r o m o t e s i n e qu ality a n d e xp l o itati o n a pp ea r ed t o o s up e r f i cial a n d b a s ed o n ca s u al r ea d i n g with p r e f o r m ed no ti on s a n d p r e j ud ic e s ; t houg h t h ey h a r m ed m y e n t hu s i a s m to s o m e e x te n t. Ma n y p e op le in t h e w o r ld alle g ed t h e n a n d d o s o e v en t od a y ; t h at; Hi nd u s c r i p t u r es s u ch a s V E D A s, SM R U TI s ( C o m p ilati on s o f r u l e s , r e gu lati on s a n d p r a ctical tec hn i qu es f o r s o cial s ta b ilit y , g r o wth a n d h a r m on y ) a dvo cate i n e qu ality (a n d h e n ce e xp l o itati on ). T h is w a s b eca u s e o f t h e la b o r d i v i s i o n t h at c o n ti nu ed t h r o u g h g e n e r ati on s , in a s t r u ct u r ed f o r m . I t is t r u e t h at v a r i ou s i n f l u e n c e s s u ch a s m i lita r y i nv a s i on s a n d r eli g i ou s p e r s ec u ti on s t o r e a p a r t t h e f a b r i c o f ho li s tic Hi nd u ph il o s oph y a n d way o f l i f e , i n t o s o m e w h at a r b it r a ry , c o e r ci v e a n d at t i m e s a b s u r d t r a d iti on s a n d c onv e n ti on s , bu t it do e s n o t r e nd er t h e Hi nd u ph il o s oph y as s u c h ; e xp l o itat i v e, ou t d ated a n d c oun te r p r odu cti v e. T h e s e v ie w s c r eate doub t a n d s u s p e n si o n in on e ’ s m i n d e v en b e f o r e a Hi nd u li k e b e g i n s t o s t ud y book s s u ch as Git a . C a n G i t a g uide t h e w o rld t o d ay ? I b e g an to und e r s t a n d t h at Gita ph il o s oph y (t h e c o s m ic d y n a m i c s ) r e v ea l s to u s ou r p o s iti o n a n d r o le in t h e ete r n al o r c h e s tr a a n d gu i d es u s to li v e to ou r f u ll e st s a tis f acti on ; w h i l e s i m u lta n e ou s l y a i d i n g t h e b l o ss o m i n g o f t h e un i v e r s e.

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I r e alized t h at b y s t ud y i n g Gita s up e r f icially on e ca nno t s ee h er po te n tial to r e j uv e n ate, r e g e n e r ate a n d e v en re v i v e t h e c h a o tic a n d t u r bu le n t h u m an ci v ili z ati o n all ov er t h e w o r l d . I t h e re f o r e f elt g r e ater a n d g r e a ter n eed to e xp l o r e t h e h ea r t o f Gita. I st a r ted g etti n g as i f h a un ted b y a b ea u ti f u l a n d b a r e l y s een b l u r r ed “ m e l od i ou s li gh t” in t h e c o r e o f Git a . Gita b e g i n s with t h e d e s c r i p ti o n o f l e g i on s o f Ka u r a v a s a n d Pa nd a v as o n t h e K u r uk s h et r a . T hu s Gita d i r ect l y b e g i n s with t h e m o st c r u cial d il e m m a o r t r ic k y s it u ati o n on e can h a v e in l i f e v i z . t h e qu e s ti o n o f l i f e a n d d eat h ! All c o n f l i c t s in l i f e a r e c o n ce n t r ated in t h is sit u ati on ! T h is m a k e s Gi t a t h e u lt i m a te c oun s el o r ! I no w f e e l t h at; Gi t a d eals with war o f h i gh er s e l f w ith t h e l o wer se l f in an i nd i v i du al, w h e r e t h e l o w e r s e l f i s attac h ed to m a n y l i k es a n d d i s li k es! T h is atta c h m e n t i s d e p icted i n te r m s o f att a c h m e n t (li k e t h at f o r s u ici d al a n d d e s t r u cti v e a dd icti on ) f o r t h e r elati v e s e v en if t h ey w e r e s o cial p s y c hop at h s. T h i s at t ac h m e n t l ea d s to d e s pond e n t r et r eat to l o w e r s e l f a n d p as s i v e a c ce p ta n ce o f a n d i n vo l v e m e n t in d e g e n e r ati o n a n d d ecay o f on e ’ s o w n t r u e s e l f (a n d t h a t o f t h e un i v e r s e). T h is i s s u rr e nd er o f h i gh er s el f to l o wer s e l f , o r s u rr e n d er o f h i gh er s e l f o f t h e s o cie t y to t h e l o wer s e l f o f t h e s o ci e t y , t h at i s c a lled MO H A o f A r j un a, w h ich I gu e s s i s c o m m o n t o m o s t p e op le in t h e w o r ld (w h ich is w h y Gi t a i s un i v e r s al). Gita s i m u l t a n e ou s l y d ea l s with t h e a c t u al war a l s o ; b ec a u s e s h e l ook s at t h e i nd i v i du al a n d s o cie t y in a ho li s t i c w a y . S h e c on ce i v es a n d te a c h es to a pp r eciate t h at t h e c ond iti o n o f war w it h in a n d ou r r e s p o n s e to t h at wa r ; n at u r ally m a n i f e s t in f a m i l y a n d s o ci a l l i f e. I f ou r r e s pon s e i s o f s u r r e nd er du e to M OHA t h en it i s d et ri m e n tal to an i nd i v i du al as well a s t h e s o cie t y .

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I t h i nk , I c an a pp r e ciate t h i s ( p r e v i ou sly t hough t un wa n t ed a n d i rr ele v a n t a n d h e n ce unp lea s a n t) un a vo i d a b le a n d ete r n al w a r wi t h in a n d ou t! I n f act kno wle dg e o f Gita m a k e s it clear t h at p r e s e n ce o f t h is war a n d its c o m p r e h e n s i o n i s a go l d en op p o r t un i ty to li v e in S W A DH A R M A a n d ac h ie v e i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i n g ! St r a ng e ( T o s tate t h e w a r a s oppo r t u n it y ) t houg h it m a y a pp ear it i s t r u e t h at t h i s i n t e r n al a n d e x te r n al war i s a p r odu ct o f e vo l u ti on ! A n i m a l s h a v e n o c ho ice! T h ey n eit h e r can g l o r i f y t h eir i n s ti n c t s no r c an t h ey c ond e m n it! Neit h er a r e t h e y e ndo wed with t h e f r ee d o m t o c hoo s e i ndu l g e n ce no r a r e t h ey fr ee to op t f o r a b s t i n e n ce! T h e y d o no t h a v e t h e go l d en oppo r t un ity to li v e in S W AD HA R MA a s t h e r e i s o c on f lic t . A r j un a ’ s r e s pon s e o f M O HA i s a r e s p on s e to i nn er w ar (t h at i nv a r ia b ly m a n i f e s t s in t h e s o ciet y )! S u ch d e s pond e n t r e s pon s e to t h e l o wer s e l f o f an i nd i v i du al is i nv a r ia b ly r e f l e cted i n t h e f o r m o f a r e tr eat to t h e l o w e r s e l f o f t h e s o ci e ty i .e. p s y c hop at h ic a n d d et r i m e n tal el e m e n ts in t h e s o cie t y ! Gita no t on ly d e p i cts t h e i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al d e s pon d e n c y ; bu t it a l s o d e p ict s ; an i n tel l e c t u al e xp la n ati o n a n d j u s t i f i c ati o n o f s u ch d e s pond e n cy in t h e f o r m o f a pp a r e n tly s ub l i m e v al u es a n d c on ce r n s ; a s a dv a n ced b y A r j u n a. T hu s Ar j un a i s d i s m i ssi n g t h e i d ea o f k illi n g teac h e r s , b r o t h e r s a n d o t h er l ov ed on es b y f o re ca s ti n g t h e s o cial ho l o ca u s t in te r m s o f t h e r u i n i n g o f f a m il ie s a n d t h e e x p l o itati o n o f wi d o ws a n d m u tilati o n o f s o cial d i s ci p li n e a n d h a r m o n y ; l e a d i n g to ill e ff ec t s o n t h e d e p a r ted s ou ls a n d t h e a by ss t h e r e o f ! A r j un a r e p r e se n ts e r u d ite bu t e rr on e ou s a r g u m e n ts! T hu s Gi t a c r eat e s a s t r on g case f o r i n d i v i du al a n d s o cial m e d i o c r i t y , i nd i v i du alis m , p et t i n es s , gu lli b ilit y , d e f eat i s m , a n d d e s p ond e n cy with

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i n tellect u al e xp la n ati on s a n d j u s t i f ic a ti on s , w h ich s p an fr o m i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial l i f e; to e v en li f e a f ter d e a t h ! I t i s at t h is po i n t t h at I r eali z ed t h at G ita i s un i qu e in N O T p r ov i d i n g an a r b it r a r y b l u e p r i n t t h at upho l d s i nd i v i du alism o r s o cial i s m ; bu t e n li gh te n s t h e r oo t o f ou r b ei n g a n d p r ov i d es fr ee d o m a n d b l o ss o m i n g o f i nd i v i du als a n d t h e un i v e r s e s i m u lta n e ou s l y . T h i s und e r s ta nd i n g h as wi p ed ou t m y p r e v i ou s r e s e r v ati on s a bou t Gita ( o f b ei n g i nd i v i du ali s tic o r a dd r es s i n g m e re ly p e r s on al n ee d s o r p r ob l e m s) a n d m a d e m e f ar m o r e c o m f o r ta b le with Gita t h an I u s ed to b e ea r li e r . I no w u nd e r s ta n d t h at Gita i s m o r e p e r s on al a n d m o r e s o ci a l in t r u e s e n s e b ec a u s e s h e ta k e s u s to t h e c o r e o f bo t h ! T h is m a k e s h er r e ally a n d a b s o l u tely acc u r at e , j u s t a n d t o tally d e m o cr atic in t r u e se n s e , w h ich t h e i nd i v i d u ali s tic a n d s o cial i s tic ph il o s oph ical f r a m ew o r k s a r e no t! I f elt v e r y h a pp y f o r h a v i n g p e r s i s t ed o n t h e s t ud y o f Gi t a a n d h a v i n g c o m e ou t o f t h e l i m itati on s a n d i n a d e qu acies o f i nd i v i du ali s tic a n d s o cia l i s tic ph il o s oph ie s . T h r oug h d e p icti n g t h e i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial d e s pond e n ce ( r e p r e s e n ted b y A R J U N A V I S HAD A ) Gi t a c r ea t es a g r oun d f o r an ete r n al d i s c ou r se to s hu n t h e i nd i v i d u al, s o c i al a n d un i v e r s al te nd e n cies t o s i n k a n d d eca y ! Gita e n te r s i n to 2 nd c h a p ter a n d t h en o ff e r s t h e o m n i po t e n t a n d o m n i s cie n t p a n a ce a to s u ch d e s pond e n ce a n d d ecay t h at s ur f ac e s r e p eate d ly in t h e hu m an ci v ilizati o n t h r oug h ou t h i s t o ry ; fr o m m il l e nn ia to m ille nn ia a n d t i m e a n d a g ai n ; f r o m t he v e ry s o u r ce o f e t ern a lly pr ov ident a nd r e j u v en a t ing c o s m i c c o n s ci o u s n e s s ! N ov e m ber 5 , 2009 ; 10 : 0 0 pm H o w is MO H A a uni v er s a l pr o bl e m a nd t he r e s u rr ec t i o n f r o m M O H A a uni v e r s a l s o lu t i o n?

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A f ter c r e ati n g a s t r on g ca s e f o r t h e d e s pond e n ce; li k e a d e v il ’ s a dvo cate; in 1 st c h a p te r ; t h e p r opou n d er o f Gita s t r ai gh t aw a y p r o c l a i m s in 2 nd c h a p te r ; t h e a pho r i s m t h at y o u don ’ t d ie! T h is a pho r i s m c an ca u s e a m a s s i v e s ho ck f o r a n y se r i ou s r ea d er a n d I was n o e x ce p ti on . I s n ’ t it n at u r al t h at no r m ally ou r m i nd s et ca nno t und e r s ta nd , a g r e e , b elie v e o r r e alize t h e c on ce p t o f i m mo r tality o f s ou l? I ho we v e r ; k e p t o n r ea d i n g it, bu t wi t hou t r eally und e r s t a n d i ng , a g r eei ng , b elie v i n g a n d o f c ou r se r eal i zi ng ! I n f a ct t h i s d i s c u s s i o n in 2 nd c h a p ter m a d e m e f eel m i se r a b l y t o r n in two c on ce p t u al p r e m i s e s ! Neit h er c ou ld I a g r ee with t h e cla i m o f i m m o r t alit y , w h i ch w a s b e y on d m y c o m p r e h e n s i o n a n d e v en i m a g i n a t i on ; n o r c ou ld I f e l t t h at I w a s a c o m p l e te m o r tal w ith n o t r ac e s o f li f e a f t e r t h e d eath o f m y body ! I c ou ld n e v er i m a g i n e m y se l f d i s c a r d i n g m y bod y l i k e “ o ld cl o t h e s ” o r i n ; li v i n g in a b s e n ce o f t h e bod y , bu t I c o u ld no t d is m i ss t h e cla i m o f i m m o r tali t y a l s o ; b eca u s e I “ kn e w ” ( t hou g h I h ad no t p e r s on al l y r ealize d ) t h at a ) no t h i n g is d est r o y ed b ) c on s ci ou s n e s s ; t hou g h t s , f eeli ng s , t i m e, s p a ce, e n e r g y e t c d o no t h a v e t h e s a m e k i n d o f “ e x i s te n ce ” , “ b i r t h ” o r “ d eat h ” a n d c) ‘ b e g i nn i n g a n d e n d ’ a r e h u m an c on ce p t s ; d e r i v ed fr o m t h e l i m it a ti on s o f phy s i o l og ical s t ate, c on s ci ou s n e s s , p e r ce p ti on s , t h i nk i ng , f eeli ng s a n d t h e i n f o r m ati o n p r o ces s i n g in t h e n e u r on s a n d t h eir n e tw o r k ! N o w I r eali z e t h at s u ch te a r i n g o ff ; o f m y c on ce p t u al p r e m i s e s lead to d ialectical p r o c e ss b r ea k i n g do wn t h e s e cta r ian i d eas a n d p r o m o ted e vo l u ti o n o f t h e ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e. A r j un a h as i nd ica t ed h is d i s gu s t f o r a war t h at i nvo l v es k illi n g o f n ear a n d d ear on e s . He is s e l f l e ss a n d h a s n o i n te r e s t in a n y g ai n s fr o m s u ch a war t h at i nvo l v es s h a d i n g o f b l oo d o f h is te a c h e r s , b r o t h e r s a n d o t h er cl o s e on e s . So A r j un a is N OT a fr aid o f war li k e a ti m id c r eat u r e , bu t h is

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c on s cie n ce h a s p ar al y zed h i m ! A r j u n a li k e a n y s e n s iti v e , hon e s t, b r a v e a n d c on s cie n ti ou s i nd i v i d u al d e s p ised t h e k illi n g o f h is b r o t h e r s. I a m s u r e t h at a n y s e n s i t i v e a n d c on s cie n t i ou s i nd i v i du al w o u ld r elate with t h e p li gh t o f Ar j un a; b eca u se it r e s u l t s fr o m i n f o r m ati o n p r o ces s i n g t h r oug h n e u r o e n d o c r i n e, a u t on o m ic a n d ce n t r al n e r vou s s y st e m s; a n d h e n ce is un i v e r s a l ! B u t h a v i n g s aid t h at; a s I we n t o n s t u d y i n g Gita, it s ta r t ed b ec o m i n g clea r e r , t h at h u m a n b ei ng s a r e no t m e r ely phy s i o l og ical; t h ey a r e po te n tially m u ch m o r e t h an t h a t ! N ov e m ber 6 , 08 : 2 0 pm A f ter l i s te n i n g to A r j un a ’ s p li gh t, L o r d K r i s hn a, w h o i s c os m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s , p e r s on i f ie d ; (a n d h e n ce can s ee; w h at o t h e r s don ’ t; a n d ca n ’ t; a n d i s c on s c i ou s o f w h at o t h e r s a r e no t); s e e s t h at A r j un a i s no t a b le to see t h e t r u th b e y on d t h e ph y s i o l og ically r e s t r ict e d s e n s o r y p e r ce p ti on s , li k e m o s t p e op le in t h e w o r l d ! T h i s i n a b ility to s e e b e y on d ph y s i o l og ical bound a r ies (i n acc u r ate p e r ce p ti on ), lea d s t o f a u lty f eeli ng s a rr og a n ce o r d e s pond e n ce (as t h at o f A r j un a), a n d f a u lty acti on s ( r e f u sal to p a r tici p ate in w ar b y A r j un a). L o r d K r i s hn a no t e s t h at A r j un a h a s b een p a r a l y zed (i n a pp r op r iate c on ati o n o r r e s pon s e) du e to i n a pp r op r iate f e eli ng s ( a f f ect) r e s u lti n g fr o m t h is e r r on e o u s p e r ce p ti o n (c ogn iti on ). T h i s s y nd r o m e (act u al l y un i v e r s al) is called MO H A. L o r d K r i s hn a t h e re f o r e s e t s ou t to e x p l o r e a n d sal v a g e t h e h u m an po te n tial o f A r j un a (a n d m a nk i nd ) t h a t h as b e en p a r a l y z e d a n d wa k e h i m to h is i m m o r tal s e l f , (a n d t h e r e b y r ec t i f y c ogn iti on , a ff e c t a n d c on ati on ) fr o m t h e d e s pond e n t s l u m b e r o f phy si o l og ical c on f i n e m e n t s . L o r d K r i s hn a do es t h i s i n a s t ep b y s tep m a nn e r , with d i ff e r e n t e xp la n ati on s .

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As a fr ie nd , ph il o s oph er a n d gu i d e; h e d i s a pp r ov es Ar j un a ’ s r e s pon s e as t o tally unb ec o m i n g f o r Ar j un a. He d ecla r e s i t a s t o tal l y i n a pp r op r iate a n d i m po te n t! He e xp lai n s to A r j un a t h at l ov e a n d attac h m e n t to t h e b od ies o f all t h e wa rr i o r s r e p r e se n ti n g s o ci op at h ic el e m e n t s ; ( b y v i r t u e o f d o m i n a n ce o f l o wer s e l f in u s ; w h ich cl oud s ou r p e r ce p ti on s , vu l g a r i z es ou r f eeli n g s a n d d ete r i o r at e s ou r acti on s) i s i n a pp r op r iate. S u ch w ar s k eep r e p eati n g in t h e s o ciet i es ( b e tween s o cially b e n e vo le n t el e m e n t s a n d s o ci op at h ic el e m e n t s ) a n d a l s o in t h e i nd i v i du als ( b etween t h e l o w e r s e l f a n d t h e h i gh er s e l f ). L o r d K r i s hn a s ho ws t h at wa k i n g u p a n d r i s i n g to on e ’ s i m m o r tal e x i s te n ce e ng e nd e r s t h e a pp r op r iate a cti on s a n d on e s h o u ld no t g et d ete rr ed b y a n y c on s i d e r ati on s bo r n ou t o f M O HA. L o r d K r i s hn a f u r t h er cl a r i f i e s, t h at t h e wa r r i n g f acti o n s a n d t h e war (w h ich a l s o go es o n in t h e i nd i v i du al as well as in t h e un i v e r s e ); h ad b e g i nn i n g a n d e n d bu t its c o r e (c os m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ) i s i m m o r ta l . A r j un a (a n d we al l ) s hou ld re alize it ( b y e vo l v i n g t h r ou g h t h e v a r i ou s m e a n s d e s c r i b ed in s c r i p t u r e s s u ch a s NAM A SM A R AN), a n d e xp r e s s h i m se l f e n t hu s ia s t i cally with all m i g h t, in s u ch wa r s ( ou t s i d e a n d i n s i d e)! T h e s e ou t e r a n d i nn er w ar s ar e act u al l y c on s i d er ed as go l d en oppo r t u n it y , b eca u s e, a n i m a ls d o N O T h a v e s u ch a c ho i ce to f i gh t a g ai n s t t h e f o r c e s o f d a r kn ess (wit h i n a n d ou t s i d e). T h is i s called D H A R MYA Y D DHA ( on e w h ich i s in t un e with c o s m ic p r i n ci p les a n d h e n ce i n e v ita b le; a n d N O T r eli g i ou s wa r ) b eca u s e it is in t un e with as well c ondu ci v e to r each t h e c o s m ic c o n s ci o u s n ess. T h i s i s s i m ilar to cli n ical l y a c c u r ate s u r g ical t r ea t m e n t; w h ich can b e r e qu i r ed f o r t h e h ealth o f t h e w ho le bod y (a n d s o cie t y ) a n d is t o t a lly d i ff e r e n t

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fr o m i nd i s c ri m i n a t e v i o le n ce o r i ndis c r i m i n ate nonv i o l e n ce, bo r n ou t o f i gno r a n t a n d s ub j e cti v e p r e m i ses. I t h a s to b e r e m e m b e r ed t h at t h r oughou t h e r e a f te r ; L o r d K r i s hn a k ee p s d e s c r i b i n g ho w on e can c onqu er ( no t c o e r ci v ely s upp r e s s ) t h e ph y s i o l og ical (i nd i v i du ali s tic a n d p et t y ) el e m e n ts in bod y (w h ich m a r t h e c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d ca u s e MO H A). He f u r t h er a l s o s ho ws t h at un i n te rr up ted (c on s ci ou s) un i o n with i m m o r tal s ou l i s c a lled YOG A ; a n d t h e acti on s bo r n t h r oug h it a r e a c c u r ate, p r ec i s e a n d a pp r op r iate; a n d in t un e with t h e i n f alli b le c o s m ic p r i n ci p le s ! He e n li gh te n s Ar j un a (a n d t h e w o r l d ) t h at s u c h s tate o f b ei n g (in un i o n with i m m o r tal c on s ci ou s n e s s ) a n d acti on s s p r i ng i n g t h e r e fr o m ( S W A DH A R M A); is called Y O GA (w h i ch in es s e n ce i s no t d i f f e r e n t fr o m T YAGA a n d SANY A SA). L o r d K r i s hn a gu i d es A r j un a a bou t t h is s ta t e a n d a s s u r e s h i m t h at t h i s s tate b r i ng s p e a ce ( f o r t h at i nd i v i du al a n d t h e un i v e r s e ) e v en in t h e f ace o f bod ily d eat h . Si n ce L o r d K r i s hn a tal k ed s o m u ch a bou t t h is s t ate o f u n i o n with i m m o r tali t y , w h ich m a k e s u s d e s i r el e s s ; t h e n e x t qu e s ti o n w ou ld b e “ W h y no t r e m ain un ited with t h e i m m o r tal a n d b e p ea ce f u l, i n s tead o f wa rr i ng ? ” A r j un a a s k s t h is qu e s ti o n in t h e 3 r d c h a p te r . H o w a re G i t a a nd N A M A S M A R A N c o m pl i m e n t a r y ? Wh a t do w e ga in f r o m t h e m ? B u t b e f o r e I g o a h ead to 3 r d c h a p te r ; a n d s h a r e m y und e rs t a nd i n g ( ? ) a bou t Gita, I m u s t m a k e it cle a r , t h at s t ud y o f Git a , V i s h nu s a h as r a n a m a n d NAM S M A R A N c o m p l e m e n t e ac h o t h er t r e m e ndou s l y .

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I h a v e a f eeli n g t h a t N A MA S M A R A N; w h ich I call a m e g a - f u s i on , a m e g a - p r o c e s s ; o r a m e g a - f oun tai nh ea d ; is s u r e to a b s o r b t h e w ho le un i v e r s e in i t s e l f i . e. i m m o r t al c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d in t u r n , a s a n d w h en c on s ci ou s n e ss a d e qu ate l y b l o ss o m s in an i nd i v i d u al t h r oug h NAM A SM A R AN, t h e c on ce p ts o f i m m o r tali t y in Gita w ou ld b ec o m e ta ng i b le! T h e v ice v e r s a c ou ld al s o b e t r u e! I t i s t h i s a wa k e n i n g to on e ’ s i m m o r t a lit y ; t h at I t h i nk ; A r j un a (a n d t h e p e op le o f w o r l d ) c ou ld g ain f r o m Gi t a; a n d t h at i s m o r e p r eci ou s t h an a n y t h i n g el s e in t h e w o r l d ; a n d e v en t h e w o r ld i t s e l f ! N ov e m ber 7 , 2009 ; 12 : 1 0 pm H o w e a s y i s i t t o r e a li z e a nd pr a c t i c e SW A D H A R M A ? H o w is i t rele va nt t o b eh av i o r o f a n indi v idu a l, f a m ily a nd s o ci e t y ? I n 2 nd c h a p ter L o r d K r i s hn a d ecl a r e s t h e a pho r ism o f i m m o r tali t y o f t h e c o r e o f un i v e r s e a n d i nd i v i du al; a n d h u m an po te n tial to r ealize t h i s c o r e t h at e m bod ies c o s m i c c o n s ci ou s n e s s . B u t Ar j un a (a n d s t ud e n t o f Gi t a li k e m e ) ca nno t e xp e r i e n ce t h e i m m o r tali t y r i gh t a wa y ! L o r d K r i s hn a t h e re f o r e (a p a r t fr o m e x p lai n i n g t h e wa y s t o r ise a n d c onqu er t h e ob s ta c les in t h e w a y o f r e ac h i n g t h e c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ) g i v es o t h er s uppo r t i v e a r g u m e n t s to e m ph a s i z e t h e i m po r ta n ce o f S W A DH A R MA i. e. b e h a v i o r bo r n f r o m t h e s tate o f un i o n with c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s . T hu s L o r d K r i s hn a i nd icates to A r j u n a t h at t h e g r e a t e s t v al u e in l i f e i s S W A DH A R MA (a n d no t s o m e s o ca lled s p i r it u al o r m a te r ial ac h ie v e m e n t, s o c a lled a n d o f ten h y p ed m i r acl e s a n d m e r e m at e r ial a bund a n ce r e s p ect i v el y ) a n d h e n ce a n y p e r s o n w h o go es a s t r a y ( du e to h is s ub j e cti v e; w h e t h er i nd i v i du ali s tic o r s o called r eli g i ou s / s o cial i s t i c;

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p a r a d i g m ) fr o m t h i s S W A DH A R MA; is boun d to b e r i d ic u led as c o wa r d (A k i r t i m c h aa p i Bhoo ta n i… a n d B h a y at r a n at up a r at a m , 2 nd c h a p te r ). T h is esse n ce o f v a l u e s y s t e m i s t h e e t e r n al g l o r y o f Gi t a t h at h as b een r e v italizi n g m a nk i n d f r o m m ille nn ia to m ille nn ia! F u r t h e r , L o r d K r i s hn a r eite r a t es t h at all t h e e ff o r t s o f hu m a n ci v ilizati o n e. g . V E D A s a r e e s s e n tial l y bo r n fr o m a n d c u l m i n ate i n to c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n es s ; a n d g et e xp r e s s ed t h r oug h i nd i v i du als acc o r d i n g to t h eir c on s tit u ti on s . T h o s e w h o kno w t h i s ; a r e alwa y s c onn ected with t h e c o s m ic c o n s ci ou s n e ss (YO G A); a n d d o no t g et d i s t r a cted b y t h e ill u s i v e r e s u l t s (s u ccess o r f ail u r e) a n d t ho s e w h o d o no t k n o w t h i s ; g et c u t o f f fr o m t h e c o s m ic c on s ci o u s n e ss a n d t h eir p e r ce p ti on s , f eeli n g s a n d t h e qu alit y , m e t hodo l og y a n d t h e ele g a n ce o f t h eir acti on s g et m a rr e d . T h e y d e v el o p t h e ill u s i o n t h at t h eir l i m i ted e x i s te n ce i s t h e do er o f e v e r y t h i ng ; (t r eati n g t h e s ubo r d i n ate as m a s te r ); a n d v acillate b et w een p r i d e a n d p ain fr o m t h e c h a ng i n g r e s u l t s o f t h eir i n a pp r op r iate acti on s . T h e 2 nd a n d 3 r d c h a p te r s b e g in with A r j un a ’ s r el u cta n ce t o p a r tici p ate in t h e wa r , a n d r e m a i n c on te n ted wit ho u t bo t h e r i n g a bou t t h e g ai n s o f a b l ood y wa r ! B u t L o r d K r i s hn a i d e n ti f i e s t h e s ub tle n i h ilis m , c y n ic i s m o r p es s i m i s m h i dd en in t h is atti t ude . He i d e n t i f i e s t h is d a r kn e ss a n d d r i v es t h e po i n t; t h at s u ch “ a s c etic” e x t r e m i s m is s u ic i d al f o r t h e i nd i v i du al a n d t h e s o cie t y a n d no t c ondu ci v e to li b e r ati on ! L o r d K r i s hn a gu i d es A r j un a in 3 r d c h a p te r , (Na h i k a s h c h it k s h a n a m a p i … ) t h a t, it i s i m po s s i b l e t o li v e wit hou t act i on . ( I s n ’ t it t r u e t h at i rr e s p ecti v e o f w h et h er w e wa n t o r no t, b illi on s o f b i oph y s ical a n d b i o c h e m i c al acti v i t ies g o o n in ou r bod y a n d m i nd ? I s n ’ t it t r u e t h at e v en f o r t h e un i v e r s e a n d un i v e r s al c o n s c i ou s n ess t h i s i s t r u e? ). He cl a r i f i es

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t h at a n y on e w h o t r ies to li v e in i n act i on , d ecei v es h i m s e lf o r h e r se l f . T h e on ly w a y to li b e r at i o n is to p r a ctice S W A D H A R MA. L o r d K r i s hn a s a y s , w h et h er t h e c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss e xp r es s e s itse l f in acti on s t h r oug h y o u , o r t h r oug h t h e acti on s y o u r ea c h t h e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s ; bo th a r e e s s e n tial l y n o t d i ff e r e n t. T h e f i r s t i s cal l ed J N A NA Y OG A , w h e r e a pp a r e n t l y c o n s ci ou s n e ss i s p r e d o m i n a n t a n d latter i s called KA R MAY O GA, w h e r e a pp a r e n tl y ; t h e a cti on s a r e p r e d o m i n a n t. T hu s t h e acti on s w h ich s p r i n g fr o m t h e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss ( e . g . a s a r e s u lt o f t h e p r actice o f N A M A SM A R A N), a r e t h e on es w h ich l ea d to r ealizati o n o f c o s m i c c on sci ou s n ess a l s o , a n d h e n ce a r e called l i b e r ati n g o r f r eei n g acti on s ( S W A DH A R M A )! L o r d K r i s hn a t h en h i gh li gh ts t h e c y c l e o f n at u r e in w h i c h un i v e r s e m a n i f e s t s fr o m a n d a g ain d is s o l v es i n to t h e c on s ci ou s n ess a n d s ugg e s t s t h at w h en t h e s o ciety a n d t h e i nd i v i du al c on f o r m to t h e i nn ate p r i n ci p le o f n at u r e, t h e y b l o s s o m t og et h e r . He a l s o po i n ts ou t t h at t ho s e w h o don ’ t c o n f o r m to t h e s e p r i n ci p le s , n e v er b l o s s o m t h e m sel v e s a n d a l s o b ec o m e o b s tacl e s in t h e b l o s s o m i n g o f o t h e r s. T h i s h a p p e n s b eca u s e o f t h eir b ei n g ov e r w h e l m e d b y t h eir o wn s ub j e cti v ity ( i nd i v i d u ali s tic, r el i g i ou s b i go t r y o r s o ciali s t i c w h i m s a n d c o m pu l s i on s ). T h is can h a pp en a l s o b eca u s e o f t h e s up e r i o r i t y o r i n f e r i o r i t y c o m p lex d e v el op ed a bou t t h eir e nv i r o n m e n t, c ond iti on s a n d a pp a r e n t ly ( du e to s i ck v al u e s y s t e m ) ung l a m o r ou s o r d e s p i s ed n at u r e o f t h eir S W A DH A R M A. L o r d K r i s hn a ela b o r ates t h at s i n ce e v e ry bod y i s no t e x actly t h e r e p lica o f a no t h er p e r s o n a n d t h e c on s tit u ti on s a r e d i ff e r e n t; t h e e x te r n al n at u r e o f S W AD HA R M A v a r i e s . He r eit er ate s ; t h at e v en in s u ch a s it u ati on ; it is i mp o r t a nt n o t t o g et bogg ed d o wn b y t h e d ece p ti v e e x te r n al a n d

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i n te r n al i n f l u e n c e s a n d p e r s i s t o n on e ’ s S W A DH A R M A , e v en i f on e h a s to d ie in r et u r n ! I n itially t h is a pp ea r ed a b it h a r s h . B u t w h en I k ee n l y t hough t ov e r , I r ealized t h at li v i n g d e vo id o f S W A DH A R MA i s itse l f li k e d eat h ! He n ce S W A D H A R MA i s p r e f e r a b le e v en in t h e f ace o f d eat h , b eca u s e it i s t h e on ly e xp r e ss h i gh way o f i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ! N ov e m ber 7 , 2009 , 3 : 3 0 pm. H o w t o a ppreci a t e t he uni v e r s a l, t r a n s t e mp o r a l a nd rele va nt n a t u r e o f SWAD H A R M A? I n t h e 4 t h c h a p te r , L o r d K r i s hn a e xp a nd s t h is c on ce p t o f S W AD H A R MA a n d i n f o r m s Ar j un a t h at t h is i s t h e k n o wle dg e t h at h as r u n t h r ou g h g e n e r ati on s a n d m i lle nn ia. Li k e a n y ph y si o l og ical i nd i v i du al, A r j un a a l s o doub ts L o r d K r i s hn a ’ s s tat e m e n t a n d t h en L o r d K r i s hn a r e v e als to h i m H i s i mm o r tal a n d t r u e n at u r e a n d t h at it i s He (c o s m ic c on s c i ou s n es s ) t h at k ee p s r ei n ca r n ati n g a n d r e - m a n i f e s ti ng ; as a n d w h en t h e un i v e r s e b ec o m e s ob li v i ou s o f H i m . (I f eel t h at t h is i s t r u e in an i nd i v i du a l , s o ciety a s w ell a s un i v e r s e ! ). L o r d K r i s hn a a s s er t s ; t h at h e m a n i f e s t s (t h r oug h r i s i n g c on s ci ou s n ess in an i nd i v i du al as w ell a s s o cie t y ) a n d a nn i h ilates t h e d e m on ic a n d d e v ili s h f o r c e s o f d a r kn es s , (i n s i d e a n d ou t s i d e) w h ich ob s t r u ct t h e b l o ss o m i n g o f i nd i v i du al s , s o cie t y a n d t h e w ho le un i v e r s e. He a l s o r eite r a t e s t h at on e, w h o r ealiz e s t h i s , (eit h er i s un ited o r ) un ites with t h e i m m o r tal c o n s ci ou s n e s s ! A f ter r e v eali n g H i s c os m ic n at u r e , L o r d K r i s hn a el u ci d ates ho w f r o m t h e c on s ci ou s n e s s ; d i ff e r e n t V A R N A s i.e. f ou r s alie n t c h a r act e r i s tic

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p e r s on aliti e s m a n i f e s t (t houg h t h e c o n s ci ou s n e ss do e s no t p r odu ce t h e m ; in t h e ph y s i c al s e n s e o f t h at w o r d ) a n d ho w t h ey f un cti o n ! T h is i s li k e i nvo l v e m e n t o f s p a ce (in t h i s c ase it i s no t m e r e phy s ical a n d non li v i n g s p ace b e c a u s e c o s m i c c o n s ci ou s n e ss is li k e li v i n g o r s u p e r li v i n g s p ace t h at e n c o m p asses e v e ry t h i ng ! ) w h ich is e s s e n tial f o r w o r ld acti v ities, bu t do es no t d i r ect l y p a r tici p ate in t h e m . He a l s o s tat e s t h at p e op le w o r k acc o r d i n g to t h eir s ta g e o f e vo l u ti on ; t h r oug h d i f f e r e n t y a j n a s , p r a n a y a m a s, a n d h u m b le d ial ogu e with a gu i d e a n d r each e n li gh te n m e n t. L o r d K r i s hn a po i n ts ou t ho w t h e c o n f licts b etween upp er a n d l o wer n at u r e can s a bo ta g e on e ’ s p r og r e s s a n d as s u r e s t h at S W ADH A R MA o r YOGA li b e r ate t h e i nd i v i du al (a n d s o ciety a n d t h e un i v e r s e ) a n d h e n ce a pp eals Ar j un a; to g et r id o f a n y doub t w h at s o e v e r a n d t r ead t h e p ath o f S W A DH A R MA s i ng le m i nd e d l y . N ov e m ber 8 , 200 9 11 : 3 0 a m Wh a t i s t he di ff e r ence b e t w een S A NYASA a nd Y O G A? H o w a re t hey rele va nt t o c o m m o n m a n ’ s li f e? I n 5 t h c h a p ter t h e d i s c u s s i o n b e g i n s w ith a doub t; a bou t t h e c ho ice b etween SA N YA S A a n d YO G A. I t h i n k t h e w o r d K A R MA SAN Y A S A (Sa n y a s ah k a r m a y og ah c h a n ih s h r e y a s a k a r v i bh au ta y o stu k a r m a s a n y asat … ..) h e r e , p e r tai n s to r e nun ciati o n o r a s c etici s m ; i.e. d e p a r t u r e f r o m all t h e d a y to d a y acti v ities r e qu i r ed f o r t h e no r m al f a m ily l i f e a n d s o cial l i f e a n d Y O GA p e r tai n s to p a r tici p ati o n in t h e s e acti v itie s ; b y f o ll o wi n g S W A DH A R MA.

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T h e m e a n i n g o f S ANYA S A a s e xp lai n ed in 1 8 t h c h a p ter i s r e nun ciati o n o f acti v iti e s o f p e r s on al i n te r e s t . I nd i v i du als in t h e l a s t y ea r s o f l i f e a dop t SANY A SA in I nd ia, i. e . g i v e u p acti v ities o f p e r s on al i n te r e s t. B u t t h e S AN Y A S A f o r a c o m m o n m an w ou ld m ea n , g i v i n g u p all acti v iti e s w h ich a r e no t e m bod ied in t h e S W AD H A R MA. So a n y on e; w h o e ng a g es h i m se l f o r h e r s e l f i n S W A DH A R MA, i nv a r ia b ly p r actic e s S ANY A SA b y qu itti n g e v e ry t h i ng ; no t i n cl ud ed in S W A DH A R MA. S i m il a r ly Y O GA f o r a c o m m o n m an w ou ld m ean t o tal, l ov i ng , c o m m i tted a n d v ict o r i o u s i nvo l v e m e n t wi t h all t h e s k ill a n d e n e r g y ; in t h e act i v ity i n cl ud ed in t h e S W AD HA R MA ! Gita h a s r ec on cil e d SANY A SA a n d YOG A . B o th a r e c o m p l e m e n t a r y ( b eca u s e l i f e i s i n e v ita b ly a s s o ciated with r e nun ciati o n o f s o m et h i n g a n d i nvo l v e m e n t in s o m e t h i n g at e v e r y s t a g e o f l i f e . R e nun ciati o n o f s o m e t h i n g o r o t h er at d i ff e r e n t s ta g e s o f l i f e; i s c oup led with i nvo l v e m e n t i n s o m e t h i n g o r o t h er at d i ff e r e n t s ta g es o f l i f e. B u t r e noun ci n g in a s w i f t a n d l ov i n g m a nn er a n d no t ou t o f h at r ed o r i n e r ti a ; a n d do i n g t h e w o r k wit hou t attac h m e n t to t h e f r u it (in s ho r t v e s ted i n te r e s t o r s u b j ect i v e c on s i d e r ati on s); c on s tit u te S AN Y ASA a n d Y OGA r e s p e cti v el y . T h e y c u l m i n ate in c os m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ; a n d t h e p r opo r ti o n o f SA N YASA m a y b e m o r e in on e; a n d p r opo r ti o n o f YOGA m a y b e m o r e in a no t h e r ; d e p e nd i n g u po n p r o p o r ti o n o f e m o ti on al a n d i n telli g e n ce quo tie n t a n d n e u r o e ndo c r i n e a n d ph y s i cal c a p a b ilitie s ; t h u s c on s tit u ti n g two w a y s s u ita b le f o r t w o v a r ieti e s o f i nd i v i du al s . Why sh o uld A r j u na repe a t t h i s q ue s t i o n re ga rding S ANYA S A a nd Y O G A; in 5 t h ch a p t er aga in? H o w a re t hey r ele va n t ? T h e a n s w e r i s ; u n d e r s ta nd i n g s up r e m ac y o f S W AD H A R MA i s no t a d e qu ate. B eca u s e, in s p ite o f und e r s t a nd i ng ; t h e i n e r tia k ee p s o n

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s u r f aci n g a n d p r o m p ti n g an i nd i v i du al; to e s ca p e fr o m t h e w o r l d ly r e s pon s i b ilit i e s ; g i v i n g on e e x c u s e o r a no t h e r . I n I nd ia; t h e r e w e r e ti d e s o f i d e o l og i e s g l o r i fy i n g i rr e s pon s i b le “ a s c etic i s m ” fr o m t i m e to t i m e . E v en t od a y , t h e r e a r e v a r i o u s b r ee d s o f “ s p i r it u al i s m ” a n d “ S A NYA S A” s p r ea d i n g li k e p a n d e m i c s in t h e w o r l d ca u s i n g m a sses t o m ov e i n to i rr e s pon s i b le i n act i on , i ndo le n ce a n d p a r a s i t i s m ( p r ob a b ly a s a r eacti o n to h a rr o wi ng ly a n d v i o le n tly s t r e ss f u l p etty pu r s u its i n te r m i ng led with f a n atic i d e o l og ies o f e x t r e m e i nd i v i du ali s m , e x t r e m e re li g i ou s b i go t r y o r e x t r e m e v ie w s o f s o ciali s m )! A r j un a ’ s r e p eti t i o n o f t h e qu e s t i o n und e r li n es t h e i m po r t a n ce, s p an a n d s w a y ov er t h e w o r l d ; o f s u ch i rr e s pon s i b le “ascetic i s m ” a n d “ p et t y pu r s u it s ” . L o r d K r i s hn a r eit e r at e s t h e v ital o r s h all we say l i f e sa v i n g i m po r ta n ce o f S W AD HA R M A; f o r i nd i v i du al, s o cial a n d g l ob al g r o wth a n d b l o ss o m i ng . He c on f ir m s th at S W A D H A R MA i s m o r e m e r it o r i ou s t h an “ a s c etic i s m ” in w h ich on e m a y c onqu er on e ’ s p et t y s e l f i s hn es s ; bu t can s u cc u m b to t h e e s c a p i s t, d e f eat i s t a n d i rr e s pon s i b le i ndo le n ce a n d i n e r tia, w h ich d r a g s t h e i nd i v i du al s , s o ciety a n d t h e w o r ld i n to a b y ss o f m i se r y ! L o r d K r i s hn a m a k es i t cle a r t h at S A NYASA i. e . e x te r n al r e nun ciati o n ( du e to i n ci d e n tal ca u s e ) i s u s u ally i m pu l s i v e a n d no t t r u e r e nun ciati on . S u ch r e nun ciati o n is b eca u s e o f r e pu l s i o n f o r d a y to d a y acti v iti e s o r S W A DH A R MA; ( du e s e l f i n f licti n g n at u r e, S W A D H A R MA a pp ea r s m e d i o c r e a n d un att r acti v e; to t h e m ; t h oug h act u ally it c a n s e r v e t h e pu r po s e o f b l o s s o m i n g on e a n d al l ) t h at e ng e nd e r s m i s e ry . I t i s t r u e t h at s o m e i nd i v i du als a r e b o r n m o r e e vo l v ed t h an t h e r e s t a n d h e n ce n eit h er g et i n te r e s t ed no r g et i nvo l v ed in t h e d ay to d ay

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t r a n s a cti on s o f f a m ily a n d s o cie t y , b e ca u s e o f e n li gh te n m e n t a n d no t i n e r tia. T h ey li k e A d y a S h a nk a r ac h a ry a; r e noun ce t h e w o r ld a n d acce p t SANY A SA j u s t a s r i p e fr u it f a lls fr o m t h e t r ee. S o m e u nd e r s ta n d a n d r ealize t h e t r u e n a t u r e o f t h e w o r ld t h r oug h SANKHYA ph il o s oph y wit hou t go i n g t h ro ug h t h e e xp e r ie n ces a c o m m o n m an a n d m ay lead a li f e d i ff e r e n t fr o m a c o m m o n m an e. g . D n y a n e s hv ar o D n y a n e s h w a r . B ei n g a w a r e o f t h i s , L o r d K r i s hn a cl a r i f i e s t h at we s hou ld no t g et e n a m o r ed o r i n f at u ated (a n d t e m p t ed to e m u late) b y t h e h e r o ic n at u r e o f SANY A SA a n d S ANKH Y A ph il o s o ph y ( du e to ou r s ub tle esca p i s t o r let h a r g ic n at u r e) bu t s tick to ou r S W ADH A R MA, b ec a u s e e v en a s t h e SANY A SA, SA N KHYA a n d YO G A ( S W A DH A R M A) l oo k d i f f e r e n t; u lt i m ate l y c u l m i n a te i n to t h e s a m e p e d e s tal o f c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n ess! Ha v i n g s aid t h i s ; L o r d K r i s hn a ela bo r ates t h e s ub l i m e c h a r act e r i s ti c s o f p r actiti on er o f S W ADH A R MA, w h i c h ele v ates t h e i nd i v i du al in a b liss f u l s tate t h at i s b e y on d ph y s i o l og ical bound a r ies a n d b e y on d all p etty a n d s ub j e c ti v e c on s i d e r a t i on s o f l i f e! N ov e m ber 8 , 2009 , 4 : 3 0 pm Wh a t a re t he pr a c t ic a l e x pr e s s i o n s o f SWAD H A R M A u s e f ul in indi v idu a l bl o s s o m in g ? I n 3 r d c h a p ter it is s tated t h at on e w h o c ook s a n d ea t s m e r ely f o r h is p etty p lea s u r e s (w h ich a r e act u al l y d e t r i m e n tal to h is b l o ss o m i ng ) is a t h i e f . T h is i s a v e r y i m p o r ta n t a s p e c t o f G i ta. Gita e n c ou r a g e s i nd i v i du als to b e acti v e phy s ical l y , i n s ti n ct u all y , e m o ti on ally a n d i n tellec t u ally a n d acc o r d i n g to on e ’ s ca p a b ilities a n d s k i ll s , bu t with t h e go al o f g etti n g fr eed fr o m t h e s ub jecti v ity a n d m e r g i n g with t h e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s . Gita s tat e s t h at; on e (e. g . an i n tellect u al o r s p i r it u al l ea d e r ) s hou ld n e v er d is s u a d e ( B U D D H I B H E D A) a n y o t h er p e r s on ; fr o m h i s o r h er s k illed

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a n d p r odu cti v e acti v ities o f li v eli hoo d ; s u ch a s c r a f t s , a r t s a n d o t h e r . O n e s hou ld in f act; e n c ou r a g e t h e s e a n d t r y to d o on e s e l f ; all s u ch a c ti v ities in l i f e; bu t with t h e s o le a i m o f c o n f o r m i n g to t h e a b s o l u te t r u th a n d un i v e r s al b l o s s o m i ng ! L o r d K r i s hn a r eit e r at e s t h i s e v en in 5 t h c h a p te r . I n t h e 6 t h c h a p ter L o r d K r i s hn a r ei n f o r c e s t h i s po i n t a n d d e s c r i b e s ce r tain w a y s b y w h ich m an can m e r g e with t h e o b j ecti v e r eali t y . He t h e r e f o r e m a k e s i t cle a r ; r i gh t in t h e b e g i nn i n g t h at a n y on e w h o w o r k s wit hou t att a c h m e n t to t h e r e s u lt s , i s a SAN Y ASI a n d al s o a YO G I a n d no t t h e on e w h o do es no t d o h is d u ties ( a s p r e s c r i b e d b y t h e s c r i p t u r es with t h e i n te n ti o n o f i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ), ou t o f e s ca p i s m a n d i n e r t ia. J u st a s He i m p a r t s t h e i n s i gh t in SA N YASA b y po i n ti n g ou t t h e d a ng e r s o f i n a c ti o n a n d i ndo le n ce a n d i m po r t a n ce o f g etti n g r id fr o m t h e r e s u l t s , He a l s o e s pou s e s a n d el u ci d ates t h e n at u r e o f YOG A , w h ich in t r u e s e n s e m ea n s all ac t ivities don e to m e r g e with t h e a b s o l u te. T h i s YOGA is i m po s s i b le in p r e s e n ce o f S ANK A L PA i .e. s u b j ecti v e (e r r on e ou s ) p r o j ecti on s o r u t op ia! Y o u can i m a g i n e t h at i nd i v i du al o r s u b j ecti v e go als ( S AN K A L P A); act a s l e a k a g es a n d h i nd er t h e m e r g er o f i nd i v i du al c o n s ci o u s n ess with t h e a b s o l u te c on s ci ou s n ess! I t i s e x actly li k e lea k a g es in t h e p i p es t h r oug h w h ich y o u ca nno t p u m p w at e r to h i gh er f l oo r s . So g etti n g r id o f t h e s e l ea k a g es ( SA NKA L PA) is t r u e SANY A SA, wit hou t w h ich YOGA is no t po s s i b le! E v en t houg h t h e s e c on ce p ts p e r tain to i nd i v i du al a n d g l o b al b l o ss o m i ng , t h ey a l s o m a k e s e n s e in d a y to d a y ac ti v itie s . T hu s i f y o u don ’ t d e p e n d

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o n r e s u l t s ; y o u can a vo id s e l f d e s t r u c t i v e r e s pon s e s ( ou t o f e x citati o n o r d e p r es s i on ) to t h e r e s u l t s o f y ou r act i v itie s ; a n d li v e li f e buo y a n tl y ! B u t it h a s to b e a p p r eciate d ; t h at in e v e ry d ay l i f e acti o n is u s u al l y as s o ciated with r e s u lt s . T hu s s o m e u n d e r s ta nd i n g a n d a n tici p ati o n o f r e s u l t s is boun d to b e a n d h as to b e t h e r e, s o t h at y o u c a n p e r f o r m t h e acti o n ele g a n tly a n d d ili g e n tl y . Gita upho l d s s u ch c on ti nu ed i m p r ov e m e n t in te c hn i qu e b y a n tici p ati o n o f r e s u l t s ; fr o m w h ich y ou r f eeli ng s a n d r e s pon s e s a r e no t m a r r e d . T h is i s e m ph a s i zed in ( B uddh i y uk to j a h a tee h a … y og ah k a r m a s u k a u s h al a m ) 2 nd c h a p te r ! N ov e m ber 8 , 200 9 7 : pm T h e r e a r e m a n y po s t u r e s , m ud r a s, p r a n a y a m a s etc a p a r t fr o m p r op er nu t r iti on , s leep e t c. w h ich a r e i m po r t a n t a s p ec t s o f l i f e, w h ich ough t to b e c u lti v ated r i gh t fr o m c h il dhood , s o t h at Y O GA b ec o m e s po s s i b l e . L o r d K r i s hn a do es no t ela bo r ate in d e tails o n t hi s , bu t s u ff ice it to s ay t h at on ce t h e go al v iz. se l f r eali z ati o n is i d e n t i f ied a n d g i v en t o p m o s t p r i o r ity a n d i m po r t a n ce, t h en on e can a dop t s u ita b le tec h n i qu e s ; acc o r d i n g to on e ’ s ph y s ical a n d s o c i al e nv i r o n m e n t, c ondu ci v e to r each t h e go al! T h i s i s v e r y i m po r ta n t b eca u s e du r i n g d e v el op m e n t to s a v e u s fr o m d a ng e r o u s i n f at u ati on s bo r n f r o m s o m e a pho r i s m s (e. g . A h a m B r a h m a s m i, B r h a m Sa t y a m J a g at M it h y a), w h ich te n d to m a k e an i nd i v i du al t o tally un r eali s t ic a n d s c h i z o i d ! L o r d K r i s hn a r e a ss u r es A r j un a (a n d e v e ry on e) t h at d e d i cati o n a n d c on s i s t e n t s t ud y a n d p r actice m a k e Y OGA (t h e c o r r ect p r o cess a n d p r og r ess to s e l f r e a lizati on ) po s s i b le. L o r d K r i s hn a a l s o m a i n tai n s t h at e v en if an i nd i v i du al l o s e s h is bod y b e f o r e r eac h i n g t h e go al, h is e ff o r t s a r e n e v er w a s ted a n d r ealiz e s t h e Y O GA i. e . p r og r e ss t o wa r d s s e l f r ealizati o n in t h e n e x t b i r t h , ( h e / s h e i s a do r n ed with t h e n eces s a r y qu alitie s ).

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Wh a t a re t he pr ag m a t ic i mplic a t i o ns o f Y O G A in s o ci a l li f e? L o r d K r i s hn a a l s o cla r i f i es t h e i m po rt a n ce o f Y OGA in t e r m s o f a c t u a l pr a c t ice (w h ich s ee m s to b e n e f i cial l y e vo l v e t h e ph y s i o l og y ) r at h e r t h an m e r e r e a d i n g a n d und e r s ta nd i n g a n d f u r t h er e m ph a s i z e s t h e i m po r ta n ce t h e f o c u s o n t h e g o al v iz. s e l f r ealizat i o n i.e. c o m p le t e s ub m i s s i o n o f t h e s ub j e cti v ity to L o r d K r i s hn a i.e. ob j e cti v e o r c o s m i c c o n s ci ou s n e s s . 6 t h c h a p te r ; (li k e t h e 1 6 t h , 1 7 t h a n d 1 8 t h c h a p te r s) i s i m po r ta n t f o r a n y e du cati on i s t, e du c a ti o n po licy m a k e r , e du cati on al a d m i n i s t r at o r , t eac h er o r t r ai n er in t h e w o r l d , s o a s to w o r k ho li s tical l y ; b eca u s e it ou t li n es t h e act u al f act o r s w h i c h c on t r i bu te to t h e p r o cess o f b l o s s o m i ng , i n cl ud i n g d iet a n d nu t r iti o n in b r i e f ! I t i s e a sy to und e r sta n d ho w t h is w ou l d h a v e f ar r eac h i n g a n d b e n e f icial i m p act o n t h e w o rl d in te r m s o f p e r s p ecti v e, po lici e s , p l a n s a n d i m p le m e n t a ti on ; f o r i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng , w h ich is i m p e r ati v e t od a y , b eca u s e; n o i nd i v i du al n ati o n can g r o w o r p e r i s h in i s o lati on , wit hou t b e n e f ic i al o r a dv e r s e i m p act o n t h e o t h er n ati on s ; f o r l on g p e r i od . T h e p r acti c al r ele v a n ce o f t h i s i s o n p o li c y m a k i ng . F o r e x a m p l e, g l ob al r e du cti o n in t h e p r odu cti o n o f two w h eele r s a n d s m a ll c a r s; in p r e f e r e n ce to m a ss t r a n s po r t v e h icles s u ch a s bu se s , h as i m p a ct o n g l ob al e nv i r o n m e n t, f u el c on s u m p ti on , t r a ff i c j a m s, a c ci d e n t s , po ll u ti on , wea r i n g ou t o f r o a d s , c r o w d i n g o f l o cal t r ai n s (in m et r o s ) a n d s o on . I f p r i n ci p l e s o f Gi t a (t h e e s s e n tial nu t r ie n ts f o r i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng ) a r e i m b i b ed a n d d i g e s t ed b y d ec i s i o n m a k e r s o f t h e w o r l d , t h en s u ch g l ob ally b e n e f ic i al po lici e s can e m e r g e in all t h e f i e l d s o f l i f e.

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H o w d o es t he d e scrip t i o n o f c o s m i c n a t ure (in 7 t h ch a p t er) o f t he L o rd h elp o ne t o bl o s s o m ? I n 7 t h c h a p ter L o r d K r i s hn a n a r r at e s h is o m n i p re s e n t n a t u r e to A r j un a a n d i nd icates ho w on ly f ew r eal i ze t h is n at u r e a n d ho w o t h e r s d o no t r ealize t h is! He e x p lai n s t h at h e i s t h e li gh t b e y on d t h e ph y s ical li gh t a n d r e m a i n s u n s een b y e y e s ! ! N ov e m ber 9 , 200 9 11 : 3 0 a m I n 1 st c h a p te r , t h e r e is d e p icti o n o f s ub j ecti v e; a n d h e n ce (i n s p ite o f b ei n g v e r y c on s c i e n ti ou s ); e r r on e ou s p e r ce p ti on , f eeli n g s a n d re s p o n s e o f A r j un a. I n 2 nd c h a p ter t h e r e is ela bo r ate e xp la n ati o n o f c os m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d c on ti ng e n t n at u r e o f phy s i cal e x i s te n ce o f t h e non li v i n g a n d li v i n g w o r l d ! T h e r e i s also a d etailed acc o u n t o f t h e c h a r a cte r i s ti c s o f t h e i nd i v i du al w h o r ealizes t h is i m m o r t al ity a n d e xp r e s s e s a cc u r ate c ogn iti on , a ff ect a n d c on ati on . I t i s obv i ou s t h at; e v en as r ea d i n g p er s e; is no t e noug h t o b r i n g a bou t t h e t r a n s f o r m ati o n in an i nd i v i du al a n d t h e w o r l d ; t h e r o l e o f r ea d i n g a n d und e r s ta nd i n g t h e “ r o ad m ap o f b l o ss o m i ng ” in t h e p r o cess o f c on sci ou s e vo l u ti on a r y t r a n s f o r m ati o n o f an i n d i v i du al a n d t h e r e b y t h e w o r l d ; can no t b e d e n ie d . T h e 3 r d , 4 t h , 5 t h a n d 6 t h c h a p te r s d e s c r i b e t h e c on ce p t S W A DH A R MA a n d s o m e o f t h e r el e v a n t tec hn i qu es in b r i e f ; bu t w h ich can v a r y acc o r d i n g to g e og r a ph ical, h i s t o r ic a l, s o cia l , r el i g i ou s a n d o t h er ci r c u m sta n c e s.

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7 t h c h a p ter is m ea n t f o r r ei n f o r ci n g t h e s e i d e a s b y po i n ti n g ou t ho w p e op le i n , c r i s i s , n ee d , g r eed o r i n tel l ect u al a n d e m o ti o n al y e a r n i n g m a y g et att r ac t ed to t h e a b s o l u te t r u t h . I n 7 t h c h a p ter L o r d K r i s hn a r e v e a ls H is o m n i p re s e n t n a t u r e a n d i nd icates ho w He i. e . c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ; i s p r ese n t in e v e r y v i s i b le a n d i nv i s i b le a s p ect o f t h e un i v e r s e (i n cl ud i n g hu m an h ea r t s) a n d ho w on ly f ew r ealize t h is n a t u r e a n d ho w r e s t o t h e r s ; d o no t r ealize t h i s ! T h i s c a n bec o m e cle a r t o a di s c e rning s t u de n t ; w hen h e w o uld a ppreci a t e t he s t a n z a elucid a t i n g h o w L o rd K r i s h na is a l i g ht be y o nd t he ph y s ic a l li g ht a nd r e m a i n s in a cc e s s ible t o m o s t ! T hr o u g h o ut 6 ch a p t e r s ; o ne f in d s t he c o m m o n idea o f t he r i s ing o f c o n s ci o u s n e ss i n a n indi v idu a l a nd t he w o rld; a nd t h e reby g e tt ing f reed o m f r o m p et t y , m e a n a nd t ri v i a l but s t r o ng b o nd ag e s . I n 7 t h ch a p t er t here i s e nd o r s e ment o f t h i s a nd a l s o f ur t h er bu t t r e s s ing o f t h i s p o int by ind i c a t ing h o w t he c o s m ic c o nsci o usn e ss e nc o m p a s s e s e v ery li v ing a nd n o nli v ing m a t t er, e ner g y , sp a ce a nd t i m e; a nd h o w a w a rene s s o f t h i s en a bles o ne t o r e uni t e w i t h t h i s i m m o r t a l s e l f . Nat u r al l y Ar j un a w ou ld a s k a bou t t h e n at u r e o f t h e un i v e r s e a n d r ele v a n ce o f it to hu m an l i f e . T h u s c os m ic d y n a m i c s is d e s c r i b ed b y L o r d K r i s hn a in 8 t h c h a p te r . L o r d K r i s hn a as s u r e s A r j un a t h at a p e r s o n b l o ss o m s to g et fr e ed f r o m t h e s h ac k l es o f s ub j e c ti v ity a n d r e un ites w i th on e ’ s t r u e s e l f , t h r oug h t h e k n o wle d g e o f i n s e p a r a b le b o n d b etween t h e c o s m i c p a no r a m a a n d t h e i nd i v i du al a n d t h eir r elati o n s h i p ! B u t be f o re w e d i scuss t h i s f ur t her, i s n ’ t i t i m p o r t a nt t o cl a ri f y A H I M S A , w hich is i n dire c t ly d i s c u s s ed ri g ht f r o m 2 nd ch a p t er?

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AH I MSA i .e. non v i o le n ce; a pp ea r s in c h a p te r s m a n y c h a p te r s a p a r t f r o m 16 t h . I n m y v iew t h is AH I MSA r e f e r s to n e g ati o n o r di s a ppr ova l o f indi s c r i m in a t e v i o lence c o m m i t t ed under t he in f lue n ce o f u tt er d a r k n ess o f i g n o r a nce (a va rie t y o f s u b j ec t i v e a c t i v i t i es d e s t r u c t i v e t o s e l f , s o cie t y a n d t he uni v e r s e) a n d al s o s t r o ng pr o t ag n o s im o f s ur g ic a l v i o lence c o m m i t t ed t o d e s t r o y e v er y t hing t h a t o p p o s e s t he uni o n w i t h c o s m i c c o nsci o usn e ss i . e. indi v idu a l a nd g l o b a l bl o s s o m i n g . Unqu a li f ied a nd i ndi s c r i m in a t e n o n v i o lence i s N O T a d vo c a t ed in G i t a , w hich i s cl e a r f r o m t h e re p e a t ed a ppe a l by L o r d K r i s h na t o Ar j una ( a nd e v e r y o ne) t o p a r t ici p a t e in t he w a r aga inst d a r k n e ss a nd d e s t ru c t i o n ( o u t s i d e a nd i n s i de ). I t i s i m po r ta n t to r ealize t h i s ; to a vo i d ; p e r e nn ial; sc h iz oph r e n ic s tate; o f upho l d i n g i nd i s c r i m i n ate nonv i o le n ce, (wit hou t b ei n g c o m p le t ely c onv i n ce d ) a n d p r actici n g v i o le n ce w i th p etty s e l f i s h m o t i v es (a g ain wit hou t b ei n g f u lly c onv i n ce d ). I n ou r s o ci e ty o f t e n i nd i s c r i m i n ate v i o le n ce is le g it i m at ely p r a cticed b y k illi n g a n i m a l s to eat ( no t f o r s u r v i v al, bu t f o r t h e p etty p lea s u r e o f gu s tat o r y p le a s u r e (t a s te), k illi n g p e op le o f o t h er c oun t r ies f o r t h e s o c alled ou t r eli g i ou s o r i d e o l og ical f a n atic i s m , ca u s i n g m a ss v i o le n ce t h r oug h a du lte r ati on , s e l li n g a dd icti v e, po licies to p r o m o te alc oho l c on s u m p ti on , u se f o r ce to s upp r ess p eac e f u l d e m o n s t r a t i on s a n d p r o te s t s , a n d m o s t i m po r ta n tly un lea s h i n g m a n y po licies (in all t h e f i el d s ) d et r i m e n tal t o t h e b l o ss o m i n g o f i nd i v i du als a n d t h e un i v e r s e.

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I f w e und e r sta n d t h at AH I MSA m ea n s N O T i nd i s c r i m i n ate nonv i o le n ce; bu t; p r o tecti o n a n d p r o m o ti o n o f e v e r y t h i n g c ondu ci v e t o i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i n g a n d d e s t r u cti o n o f e v e ry t h i n g t h at j e o p a r d izes t h e b l o ss o m i n g o f i nd i v i du als a n d un i v e r s e, t h en it w ou ld r e s o l v e t h e c on f lic t s in t h e m i nd s o f all y oun g a n d o ld a n d e v e ry w h e r e in t h e w o r ld a n d p r o m o te p r act i ce o f S W A DH A R MA a n d b l o s s o m i n g o f i nd i v i du als a n d un i v e r s e. I f w e k eep o n t r y i n g to upho l d AH I N SA a s i nd i s c r i m i n a te nonv i o le n ce, t h en it c r ea t es v al u e c r i s i s a n d s e m b l a n ce o f s c h iz oph r e n ia (c on t r a s ti ng , c on f licti n g a n d c o n t r a d ict o r y t hough t s / f eeli ng s a n d act i on s ); in e v e ry on e a n d e v e ry w h e r e. Wh a t a re t he o b s t a cles i n t h e w a y o f SWA D H A R M A ? I f oun d t h at t h e p r e s c r i p ti o n o f b l o s s o m i n g a n d m e r g i n g with t h e a b s o l u te c on s ci o u s n ess t h r oug h v a r i ou s tec hn i qu es a n d t h r oug h c o m p r e h e n s i o n o f t h e n at u r e a n d i n t e r acti on s b e t ween t h e c o s m o s a n d t h e i nd i v i du al in 7 c h a p te rs ; a n d p r ac t ici n g S W A DH A R MA;; a r e no t a s s i m p l e a s t h e y a p p ea r ! I n d aily r ou ti n e we te n d to g et ov e r w h e l m ed a n d c o n f u sed o r b ewil d e r ed (a n d c u t o f f fr o m o u r t r u e s e l f ) b y t h e d ece p ti v e i n f l u e n c es c o m i n g fr o m ou r bod y , f a m i l y , s o ciet y , w o r ld a n d t h e p r odu c t s o f all t h e s e in t e r m s o f lite r at u r e , a r t, m e d i a, e du cati o n etc. T h is m a k e s t h e s e l f r ealizati o n ( d is s o l v i n g t h e s u b j ec t i v ity in o b j ect i v e t r u t h ) a n d s e l f e xp r es s i o n (i. e . S W A DH A R MA), w h ich a r e m u t u al l y nu r t u r i n g a n d p r o m o ti ng ; v e r y d i ff ic u lt. T h e i n a pp r op r iate p e r ce p ti o n g e n e r ates a gon y a n d u r g e n cy to r e s pond . B u t s i n ce t h e r e s pon s e i s u s u al l y i n e f f ecti v e ( b eca u s e o f no t b ei n g in c on f o r m ity o r h ar m o n y with t h e n a t u r e) on e b ec o m e s a g itated a nd / d e p r e s se d .

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B u t on e ca nno t “ s e e” ho w a n d w h at w ou ld r ect i f y t h e “ p e r cei v e d ” p at ho s in p e r s on al o r g l ob al l i f e; a n d h e n ce te nd s to e n t e r in a v ici o u s c y cle o f i n c r e a s i n g d i s t r ess. No on e s e e m s to see ( b eca u s e o f no t p r actici n g NAM S M A R A N a n d g r o w b e y on d t h e r e s t r i cti v e fr a m e o f s u b j ecti v i t y ); ho w t h is ho li s t i c p e r s p e cti v e can c r e a te t h e d i ff e r e n ce in d i ff e r e n t f iel d s a n d h e n ce b ec o m e n e r vou s , no t r eal iz i n g t h e a gon izi n g p li gh t o f p e op le in t h e w o r ld i s du e es s e n tia l ly to lack o f ho l i s tic p er s p ec t i v e a n d s p i r it o f Gita, a m ong s t t h e p o licy m a k er s ! He n ce in s u ch a s i t u ati o n t h e p r e s c r i p ti on s in Git a , o r t h e s i m p l e s t m ea n s s u ch a s N A M AS M A R AN a dvo cated b y s ai n ts a n d s ee r s f r o m all ov er t h e w o r l d , m u s t b e p r acticed with g r e ater c onv icti o n s o t h at t h e p e r ce p ti on , f eeli n g s a n d a c ti n s g et i n c re a s i ng ly a c c u r at e ! I t i s at t h i s po i n t t h at y ou r S H R A DDHA (w h ich m e a n s un c ond iti o n ed a n d t o tally s e l f l e ss c o m m i t m e n t, s i n c e r i t y , d e vo ti o n a n d d e d icati o n wit hou t a n y p etty m o ti v e , b ec a u s e o f acc u r a t e p e r ce p ti on , f eeli ng s a n d acti on s ) can r esc u e y o u f r o m t h e v ici ou s c y cle o f d i s t r e ss a n d h elp yo u to e n ter in t h e well n ess c y cle. T h is i s no t e a s y ! B u t I k eep c onv i n ci n g m y s el f t h at t h e SADH A NA o f a n y s u ita b le n at u r e; o r NA M A S M A R AN acc o r d i n g to on e ’ s t r a d iti on ; m u s t n e v er b e s t opp e d . To c onv ey t h i s st r ong l y ; L o r d K r i s hn a h as a s s u r e d in 6 t h a n d 7 t h c h a p te r s a n d latter in 9 t h a n d 1 6 t h a n d 18 t h c h a p te r s ; t h at on e w ou ld n e v er f ail i f m a r c h e s o n t h is p ath o f S W A DH A R MA! I h a v e b e gu n to r e a lize; w h ich I d id no t r ealize b e f o r e; t h at all acti v iti e s (e s p e cial l y N A M A SM A R A N) to r ea c h t h e t r u t h , h a v e t h eir i m p act, t hou g h it m a y no t b e p e r cei v ed i m m e d iately du e to on e ’ s s u b j ecti v it y . T h e l e s s o n f r o m t h e 7 c h a p te r s t h e re f o r e i s to k eep t r y i n g to r each t h e a b s o l u te a n d k eep w o r k i n g in its li gh t to t h e e x te n t it i s p o s si b le at a n y

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g i v en t i m e a n d in a v ict o r i ou s m a nn e r ; a n d s h a r i n g t h e s p i r it a n d i n s i gh ts with o t h e r s! T h at i s e x act l y t h e r e a s o n w h y ; I a m w r iti n g t h is ( a s a f o r m h u m b le p r a y e r , a s a p a r tic i p ati o n in ete r n al s t r ugg le o f d a r k f o r c es o f l o wer c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d b r i gh t f o r c e s o f c o n s ci ou s n e ss DH A R MYA YUDD H A); a n d m a k i n g a v aila b le f o r f r e e do w n l o ad f o r s h a r i n g with a n y on e a n d e v e ry o n e in t h e w o r ld wi t hou t a n y p r ec ond iti on ! T r y i n g to k eep y ou r s el f c onn ected wi t h c o s m i c c on sci ou s n e s s ; k ee p s y o u r e a s s u r ed o n t h e on e h a n d a n d acti v e p a r tici p ati o n i n buo y a n tly c h a r g ed a n d a pp r op r iate m a nn er ( S W ADH A R MA); o n t h e o t h e r . Wh a t i s t he o pin i o n o f G i t a o n a rb i t r a ry suppr e s s i o n ? T h e i d ea o f a r b it r a r y s upp r e s s i o n o r u n a b ated i ndu l g e n c e d o no t f i n d p lace in Git a . S i m i la r ly r e g i m e n taliz e d s t e r e o t y p ed p r o c e du r es al s o d o no t f i n d p lace in G ita. T h at m a k e s Gi t a s o m ew h at a m b i g uou s i n itiall y , bu t as y o u g o o n i n te r n alizi n g h er y o u f i n d t h at s h e i s b a s ical l y un i v e r s al in n at u r e. I n 3 r d , 4 t h a n d al s o 6 t h c h a p te r s t h is i s e v i d e n t. Gita i s un i v e r s al b eca u s e s h e s ho ws t h e li gh t to a n y on e a n d e v e r y on e; i rr e s p ecti v e o f t h e s tate o f e vo l u ti on , r e g i o n in t h e w o r l d , h i s / h e r t r a d iti on ; a n d wit hou t b ei n g j ud g m e n tal a bou t a n y on e ’ s li f e s t y le; in a n y wa y ! Wh a t a re t he i n f luenc e s o f inner a nd o u t er en v ir o n m e n t o n o ur bl o s s o m i n g ? I n 8 t h c h a p ter L o r d K r i s hn a cl a r i f i e s t h at a p e r s o n e ng a g ed in S W A DH A R MA t h r oug h i n tellect u a l , e m o ti on al, i n s ti n c t u al acti v iti e s (t h r oug h p r actice o f N A MA S M A R A N t h r oughou t a n d h e n ce w h ile qu itti n g t h e b o d y ; A n ta k ale c h a m a m e v a s m a r an ty a k t w a k ale v a r a m … ) act u ally i s c onn ected with t h e a b s o l u te a n d ob j ecti v e r e a lity a n d h e n ce

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do es no t g et e n ta ng led a n d s h ac k led in t h e r e p etiti v e b a s al c y c l e s o f d i s t r e ss t h r oug h d i ff e r e n t b i r t h s. T h e r e i s a l s o a d e c la r ati o n a pp lica b le to b r i gh t a n d d a r k e x te r n al a n d i n te r n al e nv i r o n m e n t s , w h ich lead to t h e f ate o f an i nd i v i du al. T hu s i nd i v i du al is i n f l u e n ced b y a dv e r s e e x te r n al phy s ica l , c h e m ical a n d p s y c ho l og ical act i v ities a n d i nn er h o r m on al, a u t on o m ic a n d ce n t r al n e r vou s acti v iti e s . B u t it i s a l s o a s s u r e d t h at a n y on e w h o k ee p s t r y i ng ; o n t h e p ath o f N A MA S M A R AN; r ea c h es t h e s u m m i t o f un i o n with c o s m i c c on sci ou s n es s . N o v 10 , 2009 , 11 : 1 5 a m Why h a s n o t t h i s been w ri t t en s eq u en t i a lly t r a n s l a t i n g v er s e by v er s e? I d eci d ed to w r i te o n d ay to d ay b a s i s; r at h er t h an s t ic k i n g s e r ial l y a n d s e qu e n tially to c h a p te r s a n d v e r s e s . T h is h a s t h e a dv a n t a g es o f b ei n g n at u r al in e xp r e s s i o n r at h er t h an f o r m a l. I t i s a l s o b e n e f i cial b eca u s e o f r e p etiti o n a nd /a dd i ti on al e m ph a s i s o n m o r e i m po r ta n t p o i n t s ; w h ich r e v e r b e r a t e in m y m i n d with r e f e r e n ce to s o m e v er s e s . S o m et i m e s it a l s o h a pp e n s ; t h at I s k i p m a n y v e r s e s , at a g i v en po i n t in t i m e b e c a u s e I h a v e no t h i n g to s ay a bou t t h e m at t h at t i m e , bu t latter a dd iti on al p e r s p ec t i v e a n d i n s i gh ts d e v el o p in t h e f l o w o f w r i ti ng ; a n d d e s e r v e e xp r e ss i o n latte r ; e v en i f it a p p ea r s ou t o f c on te x t. M o r e ov er t h e Gita a n d h er t r a n s lati on s a r e a v aila b le w o r ld ov e r . A n y on e i n te r e s t ed can re f e r t h e o r i g i n al te x t o f Gita a s a n d w h en h e o r s h e wi s h e s . Is i t t r ue t h a t a c q uiring skill i s t he s a m e a s Y O G A?

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I n t h e 2 nd c h a p ter YOGA is d e f i n ed (….Y og ah k a r m a s u k a u s h al a m ) a s ( u lt i m at e ) e l e g a n ce o r p e r f ecti o n in s k ill; bu t o t h er way r ound ; it al s o i m p l i e s t h at t h e g r eatest s k ill o r p er f e cti o n in l i f e i s to r e alize Y OG A ! I n m y op i n i on , t h e latter i s t r u e. Be c a u s e, t h e s k ill o f an i nd i v i du al p er s e; do e s no t i m p a r t g l ob al d i m e n s i o n to t h e i nd i v i du al ’ s c on s ci ou s n e s s , w h ich is i n e v ita b le a n d i n s e p a r a b le a s p ect o f Y O GA. I n f act, t h e w o r d k a u s h ala, r e f er s no t m e r e l y to t h e phy s ical s k ill o f an ac t i on , bu t m o r e i m p o r ta n tly it re f er s to t h e p e r s p ecti v e, p la n s, i n te n ti on s, i nvo l v e m e n t a n d f e eli ng s e m b o d ied in t h at acti on . Wh a t i s t he pe r spec t i v e in G i t a w i t h r e s p ect t o s up p res s i o n a nd indul g ence? T h e r e i s ela bo r ate d i s c u s s i o n in 2 nd c h a p te r ; o n ho w phy s ical s e n s e s s hou ld b e c on t r o lle d . B u t i f on e ta k e s i n to acc oun t t h e r e f e r e n ce in 3 r d c h a p te r , t h en it b e c o m es cle a r t h at t h e h u m an l i f e a n d e xp e r ie n ces t h e r e i n ; h a v e (a n d m u s t b e a pp r eciated b y u s t h at t h e y h a v e) on e go al o r d e s ti n ati on ; a n d t h at i s S E L F R E A L I Z A T I ON a n d t h e r e is on e w a y to ac h ie v e it i. e . S W ADH A R MA, r at h e r t h an g etti n g t r a pp ed in a r b it r a r y s upp r es s i o n o r un a b ate d , m i nd l e ss i n du l g e n ce. Gita i s un i qu e in t h e se n s e t h at s h e s h o ws y ou r u lt i m a te go al, s ho w s y o u t h e p ath a n d gu i d e s y o u in t h e m et ho d to t r ead it. Gita t h e r e f o r e do e s no t a dvo cate s upp r es s i o n o r i ndu l g e n ce in an a r b it r a r y m a nn e r , bu t i n s p i r e s S W A DH A R M A; in w h i ch w h ile e n j o y i n g t h e c o r e o r e s se n ce o f all m at e r ial p lea s u r e s y o u c h a nn e l lize t h e m to b l o ss o m i n g o f y o u r s el f a n d o t h e r s ! T h is i s r eal l y un i v e r s al t hough t; in v iew o f t h e d i ff e r e n ce in t h e phy s i o l og ical a n d o t h er n e e d s o f p e op le in t h e w o r ld f r o m d i ff e r e n t r e g i on s a n d c u lt u r e s . O n ce t h e go al o f i nd i v i du al a n d g l o b al b l o ss o m i n g a n d t h e way o f S W A DH A R M A i s

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i d e n ti f ied a n d a dh e r ed t o ; r e s t o f t h e d o s a n d don ’ ts (w h i ch n eed no t b e r e g i m e n tali z e d ) f o l l o w t h e s u i t , in a p p r op r iate m a nn e r . I n t h is c on te x t, on e can a pp r eciate t h e p e r s p e cti v e bo r n ou t o f s t ud y i n g Gita a bou t sex e du cati on . I n li gh t o f Gita; we s hou ld lea r n a n d t each t h e f at h e r a n d m o t h er p r i n ci p les a n d p a r e n tal ca r e; s o t h at w e don ’ t d e v el o p d i s gu s t f o r sex a n d s u cc u m b to s e xu al a b e rr ati on s o r p e r v e r si on s t h r oug h a r b it r a r y s upp r es s i o n o n t h e on e h a nd ; a n d do n’ t c o m m i t c r i m e s , don ’ t g et d i s e a s ed t h r oug h g etti n g t r a pp ed in ca r n al s e xu al o b s e ssi o n a n d un e nd i n g , un s atis f act o r y a n d obnox i ou s i ndu l g e n ce in s e x . S u ch ho li s tic c o rr ecti on s can b e m a d e in all wal k s e du cati on . H o w do t he e x p er ienc e s o f t he s t u d y o f G i t a di ff er f r o m t he e x per i enc e s o f t h e s t udy o f o t her b o o k s ? I t i s n ice to s h a r e h e r e t h at I f oun d t h e s t ud y o f Gi t a d i ff e r e n t f r o m t h e s t ud y o f m a n y o t h er book s . T he s t u d y o f G i t a c o upled w i t h NA M A S M A R AN ele va t e s yo u f r o m s u b j e c t i v i t y t o o b j ec t i v i t y , i.e. g e tt ing in a li g n m e nt w i t h t he n a t u r e. Gita g r a du ally bu t s u r e l y c h a ng es y ou r s t at u s o f b ei n g e f f e ct u al to b ei n g ca u s ati v e! W h at I m e an i s ; y o u r i s e f r o m b ei n g h el p les s ly vu l n e r a b le v ict i m o r p lay in t h e h a nd s o f t h e i nn er a n d ou ter e nv i r o n m e n t s , bu t as s u m e t h e s ta t u s o f gov e r n i n g t h e m . T h is i s c e r ta i n ly d i f f ic u lt to a g r ee i n tellect u al l y , b u t can on ly b e e xp e r ie n ce d . He n c e on e can v e r i f y i f on e wi s h e s . A no t h er po i n t t h at s t r u ck m e i s : Gita t eac h es a n d t r ai n s u s to e n t e r t h e ce n ter o f un i v e r s e ! T hu s ; fr o m b ei n g p a r t o f t h e w o r ld o f v i s i b le a pp ea r a n ces a n d i n te r acti on s t h e r e o f ; Gita t r ai n s u s to s e e a n d m e r g e with t h e c o r e. S h e e n a b les u s to p e n e t r ate t h e s h ac k li n g t r a p s o f

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i ndu l g e n ce, a v e r s i on , e s ca p i s m , s upp r es s i o n o r p e r v e r s i on s , in t h e s up e r f i c ial a n d a s p ects o f ou r l i f e. T hu s Gi t a do es no t a dvo cate r e nun ciati o n o f t h e w o r ld o n t h e on e h a n d a n d do es no t j u s t i f y o r g l o r i f y t h e un e nd i n g a n d u n s at i s f act o r y r et r og r e s s i v e s h a c k li n g in p etty pu r s u its o n t h e o t h e r ! T h is i s v e r y u s e f u l in d ay to d a y l i f e. I f y o u e xp e r ie n ce t h e c o r e o f y ou r s p ou s e ’ s h ea r t, t h en t h e f ear o f l o ss o f y ou r s pou s e ( o r a n y l ov ed on e) g r a du ally d i s a pp ea r s to a la r g e e x te n t a n d t h e r o m a n ce b ec o m e s s up er r o m a n ce a n d l ov e b ec o m e s s up er l ov e! T h u s G i t a t r a i n s yo u in s u per r o m a nce a nd s uper l ov e. Y o u lea r n to li v e e v e r y m o m e n t in s up er r o m a n c e a n d s up er l ov e; r a t h er t h an ge tti n g w o rr ied a bou t p a s t a n d f u t u r e a n d s ub j ec t i v e c on s i d e r at i on s . H o w t o rec o ncile t he s t a te m en t s e n d o r s in g ; “ f reed o m f r o m c y cle o f bir t h a nd rebi r t h ” a nd “ t he p h en o m en o n o f reinc a r n a t i o n ” ? Aren ’ t t hey c o n t r a di c t o r y ? I n 5 t h c h a p te r ; L o r d K r i s hn a a ss u r e s t h at y o u w ou ld no t b e bo r n a g ain (A b r a h m a bhuv a n a l ok a pun r a v a r ti n o j a n ah M a m up e t y a tu k a un te y a pun a r j a n m a n a v i d y ate) i f y o u r ealize t h e se l f . B u t in 4 t h c h a p te r ; h e a l s o as s u r e s t h at h e w o u ld m a n i f e s t o r r e i n ca r n ate a s a n d w h en a pp r op r iate/ n ecessa r y (P a r it r a n a y a s a dhun a m v i n a s h a y a c h a….) T h e e xp la n ati on s t o t h e s e c on t r a d ict o r y s t at e m e n t s a r e: 1 . L o r d K r i s hn a ’ s r ei n ca r n ati o n is r e p r ese n ted b y t h e a w a k e n i n g o f c on s ci ou s n e ss in e v e r y i nd i v i du al f r o m t i m e to ti m e . 2 . T h e r ei n ca r n ati o n is p r og r e s s i v e s o j ou r n o f l i f e o f an i nd i v i d u al (w h o is e it h er a l r ea d y e n li gh te n ed o r g ets e n li gh te n e d ) a n d is d i ff e r e n t fr o m r e b i r t h , w h ich i s f u ll o f s h ac k l e s o f i g no r a n ce.

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He n ce r ei n c a r n ati o n a n d fr ee d o m fr o m r e b i r th a r e no t i n c o m p ati b l e ! Wh a t i s t he n ec e s s i t y t o re a d G i t a r epe a t edl y ? Gita e n a b l e s u s to d e v el o p t h e c on ce p t u al fr a m ew o r k o f ou r l i f e i. e . r o ad m a p to c o s m i c c o n s ci ou s n e ss a n d N A MS MA R AN r e j uv e n ates u s fr o m m o m e n t to m o m e n t to p r o cee d . T h e o t h er w a y r oun d also m a y b e t r ue ! I t is li k e a n at o m y a n d ph y s i o l og y . A n a t o m i cal s t r u ct u r e i s es s e n tial a n d c o m p l e m e n t a r y to ph y s i o l og ical f un c ti o n a n d v ice v e r s a . B u t w h en y o u g o d ee p e r ; bo th s ee m to b e i nd i s ti ngu i s h a b le! O n e o f t h e m o s t i m po r ta n t t h i ng s I l ea r n t; p r ob a b ly a s a b y p r odu ct o f s t ud y i n g Gita; i s ; p r actice o f t h e e s s e n ce o f G i ta i s i m m e n s ely i m po r t a n t. R e p eated r ea d i n g o r r ecit a ti o n o f Gi t a c on s o li d at e s t h e c onv icti on s a bou t t h e es s e n ce o f G ita a n d t h e r e b y r e j uv e n ates t h e e n t hu s i a s m to p r ac t ice t h at es s e n ce (N A MA S M A R A N ). T h e p r actice o f N A MA S M A R AN in t u r n ; e ndo r s e s a n d r ei n f o r c e s t h e c onv icti o n a bou t t h e es s e n ce o f Gita a n d m a k e s t h e r e p eated r eci t ati o n o f Gita a s ub l i m e ly e m po w e r i n g e xp e r ie n ce! I t i s li k e r ea d i n g a bou t b at h , w h ich d e v el op s c onv icti o n a bou t t h e a dv a n ta g es o f b ath a n d act u al p r act ic e o f b ath t h at e ndo r s e s t h e c onv icti on s a bou t b at h . T hu s bo th a r e p e r f e ctly c o m p l e m e n ta r y . O n e can c o m p a r e it a l s o ; w i th t h e r ea d i n g a bou t t h e a dv a n ta g es o f e x e r c i s e a n d act u al p r acti c e o f e x e r cise. I a l s o l e a r n t in t h e c ou r s e o f t i m e t h at we c o m e a c r o ss a n u m b er o f s it u ati on s in l i f e, ( du e to i n te r n al a n d e x te r n al e nv i r o n m e n t) w h i c h s h r ou d ou r c on s c i ou s n es s , f r o m t i m e to t i m e ; a n d we te n d to f o r g et ou r t r u e s e l f i. e . t h e es s e n ce o f Gi t a a n d t h is i s r eal l y a s h atte r i n g a n d w e a k e n i n g e x p e r ie n ce. I n s u ch s it u ati on , r ecitati o n a s r e p eate d ly a s po s s i b le o r p la u s i b le; o f Gita a n d N A M A S M A R AN h el p s t r e m e ndou s l y .

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Gita i s a wi ndo w t o s k y o f c o s m i c c o n s ci ou s n e ss a n d h e n ce t h is wi ndo w to t h e c o s m ic c on sci ou s n ess i f cl o s e d , we g et c u t o f f fr o m t h at s k y o f c o s m i c c on sci ou s n es s . Or r e p ea t e d ly r ea d i n g Gita i s li k e b r eat h i n g r e p eate d l y , w h ich i s e s s e n tial f o r l i f e . R e p eated r ea d i n g o r r eciti n g o f Gita i s li k e li gh ti n g (to d i s p el t h e d a r kn e s s o f i gno r a n c e , ill u s i o n a n d s l u m b e r ) t h e l a m p s e v e r y n i gh t, w h i c h a r e e s s e n tial to d i s p el t h e d a r kn es s . R e p eat e d r ecitati o n o f Gita is e s s e n tial f o r pu r i f i cati o n o f m i nd , w h ich te nd s to g et cl oud ed fr o m t i m e to ti m e; li k e ta k i n g b ath e v e r y d a y r e p eate d ly f o r r e j uv e n ati o n a n d clea n i ng . Gita r ecitati o n i s l i k e ta k i n g t h e h y pog l y c e m ic d r ug s b y a d ia b etic p atie n t, in t h e s i pp i n g o f w h ich t h e r e i s r i s k o f i n c r e a s e in b l oo d s ug ar to t ox ic le v el s . Gita i s li k e ox y g en o f ou r s ou l. J u s t a s c on ti nuou s s upp ly o f ox y g en i s es s e n tial f o r t h e l i f e, m ai n te n a n ce o f t h e s upp ly o f Gita t h r oug h r ecitati o n i s e s s e n t i al f o r s u s te n a n ce o f a n d b l o s s o m i n g o f c on s ci ou s n e s s ! He n ce in 6 t h c h a p te r ; t h e i m po r ta n ce o f c on s i s te n t p r a ct i ce i s e m ph a s i ze d . I n m y v iew, e v en s o m e w h at a r b it r a r y a n d f o r m al r ecita t i on , r ea d i n g o r c h a n ti n g o f Gita; p r ov e s v e r y u s e f u l ( b y act i n g at s ub c on s ci ou s a n d c on s ci ou s le v e l s); i n s t r e ng t h e n i n g a n d e xp e d iti n g t h e p r o cess o f b l o s s o m i ng . T h e r e p etiti o n i s i m po r ta n t f o r a no t h er r e a s o n al s o , w h i ch h as ph y s i o l og ical b a s i s. T hu s r e p etiti o n o f Gita o r N A MA S M A R AN i s a ce n t r al n e r vou s s y st e m a cti v ity a n d p r ob a b ly lea d s to d e v el o p m e n t o f s t r ong er c onn ecti o n s b etween ce r e b r a l c o r tex a n d t h e l i m b i c s y s te m , (w h ich a r e o t h e r w i s e v e r y wea k ). T h is und e r li n e s t h e d i ff e r e n ce b etween a well r ead i nd i v i du al a n d an i nd i v i d u al i nvo l v ed in pr actice o f NAM A SM A R AN a nd / o r s e l f r e alized i nd i v i du al.

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Gita r e citati o n lea d s to p a r a d i g m s h i f t . I nd i v i du al b ec o m es c o s m ic. R ea d i n g o f G i ta c a s u al l y on ce in a w h ile m a y at b e s t s e r v e to f eel t h e elati o n o f h a v i n g r ead h er o r quo te re f e r e n c e s a n d c r itic i zi n g o r p r a i s i ng . B u t f o r g etti n g t h e s ub l i m e e xp e r ie n c e o f go i n g b e y on d s ub j e cti v it y , t h e es s e n ce t h at h a s to b e i m b i b ed a n d ass i m ilate d , w h ich i s i m p o s s i b le b y r ea d i n g it on ce. ( T h is i s m y e xp e r ie n ce a n d h e n ce I don ’ t r u le ou t t h e po ss i b ili t y o f s o m e on e e x ce p ti on al g etti n g t h e s ub l i m e e xp e r ie n ce in on e r ea d i n g o r e v en w i t hou t r ea d i ng ! ) T h e r e i s on e m o r e r e a s o n w h y r e p etit i o n o f Gi t a m a k e s se n s e. O r d i n a r ily on e ’ s h a pp i n e s s o r s a dn ess d e p e nd s o n t h e i nvo l un ta r y i n te r acti on s a m ong s t t h e ce r e b r al c o r t ical, l i m b ic, a u t on o m i c, n e u r o e ndo c r i n e, e ndo c r i n e a n d o t h er s y s t e m s o f t h e body . T h e p e r ce p ti on s , f eeli n g s a n d acti on s a r e u s u ally i m pu l s i v e (a n d h e n ce c h a o tic, c o n f licti n g a n d c oun ter po s e d ) b eca u s e o f w e a k i npu t t o ; a n d weak ou t pu t fr o m ce r e b r al c o r tex to t h e r e m a i n i n g s y s t e m s. R e p ea t ed s t ud y a n d p r a ctice o f Gita a n d NA M ASM A R AN p r ob a b ly e nh a n ce t h e i n te g r ati o n o f all s y s t e m s, b r i ng i n g t h e m und er h i gh er c on t r o ls s u ch a s ce r e b r al c o r te x , c on s cie n ce a n d c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d e ff ecti v e l y lead to h a r m on i ou s b e h a v i o r ; b l o ss o m i ng ; on e a n d all. O n e can s t ud y t h e c h a ng es in t h e b r a i n fr o m t h is po i n t o f v iew, in a c on t r o l g r oup ; a n d a g r ou p i nvo l v ed i n NAM A SM A R AN; to v e r i fy ; t h e a n at o m i cal a n d phy s i o l og ical s ub s t r at e s ; o f t h e e s s e n ce o f g l ob al c u lt u r e w h ich m ay no t b e acc e s s i b le to c r ud e tec hno l o gy . O n e o f t h e g r eat e st l e ss o n s ( on e a pp r eciat e s a f ter r e p eti t i o n o f Gita ov er a p e r i o d o f t i m e i s) o f G ita to t h e w o r ld i s ; w h ate v er we ea t , d r i nk , s e e , l i s te n , t al k , w r i t e, l e a r n , p e r f o r m , u s e , r e li s h a n d s o on ; s hou ld

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g et c u l m i n ated i n t o t h e go al o f i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng . T h i s m a k e s ou r l i f e i t s e l f t h e m o s t m e r it o r i ou s acti v ity i. e . Y A J N A! T h i s i s a t r u e a n d qu alitati v e r e vo l u ti o n in i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al l i f e. I t i s i m p e r ati v e to s tate t h at f o r a p e r s o n w h o do es no t h a v e t h e ca p aci t y to lea r n Gita f o r on e r e a s o n o r a no t h e r ; t h e doo r s to c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss a r e op e n ed b y NA MA SM A R A N. NA M ASM A R AN i s a e xp r ess h i gh way t o c o s m i c c on sci ou s n e ss. N o v 11 , 2009 , 10 : 0 0 a m C a n t he s t udy o f G i t a a ll a y va ri o us a n x ie t i e s ? O n e o f t h e m o s t i n te r e s ti n g t h i ng s I l ea r n t fr o m Gita; a n d al s o go t t ho r ou g h ly c onv i n ced in t h e c ou r se o f t i m e fr o m t h e p r a ctice o f NAM A SM A R AN; is t h e f a ct t h at e v e ry on e i s m ov i n g t o wa r d s t h e s a m e go al a n d t h e s a m e d e s ti n ati on . T h is f act u s u al l y re m ai n s c on cealed a n d on e g ets i m p at ie n t to “ teach o t h e r s ” , “ f o r t h eir we l f a r e” ! Alt e r n ati v ely on e m a y d e s p e r a t e to lea r n fr o m s o m e on e! T h is i m p at i e n ce t houg h n at u r al can c r eate c ond e s ce nd i n g attit ud e a n d d e v el o p s ub tle e xp ectati on s s u ch a s pub licity a n d g r o wth o f y ou r ( o t h e r w i se s e l f le s s ) m i s s i on ! T h e d e s p e r ati o n to lea r n can l e ad to s l a v i s hn ess a nd / o r d ece p ti on . T h is can ta k e aw a y y ou r p eace a n d m a r t h e qu ality o f y ou r b e h a v i o r . W h en we a pp r eci a te t h is f act; t h at w e a ll a re go ing in t he s a me direc t i o n a nd t o w a rds t he s a m e go a l , t h en t r u e l ov e ( p r ob a b ly m o r e t h an t h at e v i d e n t a m on g s t t h e p i lg r i m s ) e m e r g e s a n d b l o s s o m s. T h at i s t h e g r eat e s t h al l m a r k o f w o r ld c u lt u r e .

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O n ce I g et c onv i n ced a n d clear a bou t t h is f act, t h en t h e a cts o f i m p atie n ce a n d i g n o r a n ce (w h et h e r c o m m it ted b y m e o r o t h e r s ) d o no t d i s t u r b m e a n y m o r e to a s i gn i f i c a n t e x te n t. I t i s m att e r o f g r eat p r i v ile g e f o r u s to r ealize ( d eep e xp e r ie n ce) t h i s l ov e e s p ecial l y a m ong s t f a m ily m e m b er s , r elati v es, c o llea gu e s , c o w o r k e r s , p e op le o f ou r c oun t ry , p e op le f r o m w o r ld a n d latte r ; e v e n t h e e n e m i e s! E v en as t h is r e v el a ti o n o f l ov e i s m a g n i f i c e n t; it m a y no t m a n i f e s t in t h e m i n d o f t h e s t ud e n t o f Gita at a ll t i m e s a n d in all p e r s on s. I t is n at u r al t h e r e f o r e (a n d h e n ce n eed no t b e d es p i s e d ) t h at; at v a r i ou s sta g e s o f d e v el o p m e n t e v en t h e s t ud e n ts o f Gi t a can b e s een fr a n t ically a dv i s i ng , a d m on i s h i ng , p r e a c h i n g a n d al s o e xp ect t h e r e s u l t s ; f r o m t h e m sel v e s a n d fr o m o t h e r s. B u t G ita s u r ely fr e e s t h e s t ud e n ts Gita fr o m t h is in t h e c ou r s e o f t i m e a n d lets u s e n j o y t h e s u b l i m e l ov e h it h e r to h i dd en o r m a s k ed b y s up e r f i cialit y ! O ne o f t h e di ff icul t i e s in t he s t udy o f G i t a i s t h a t ; i t c a n de v el o p a d o ub t ; “ Why t r ut h h a s t o be s h o w n by s o m e o ne e l s e ? ” o r “ Why s h o uld I f o ll o w t he a nc e s t o r s ? ” As t h e s t ud y p r o c e e d s , ho we v e r ; y o u g r a du ally r e alize t h at t h e t hough t t h at “ s o m e bod y e l se s ho wi n g t h e t r u t h ”, is b eca u s e o f e r r on e ou s i m a g e o f “se l f ” a n d t h e “ o t h e r ”. I t i s a l s o b e ca u s e o f t h e f a u lty i m a g e s o f “ f o ll o wi ng ” a n d “ a n ce s t o r s ”. T h e l ea r n i n g o r acce p ti n g kno wle dg e s hou ld n e v er dep e n d o n w h o g i v es it a n d w h et h er it c o m e s fr o m y ou r a n ce s t o r s o r c on t e m po r a r y p e e r s. T h e kno wle dg e o r e n li gh te n m e n t o r r e v elati o n o r ob j ec t i v e t r u th is li k e S un . S u n do es no t b el on g to t h e wi n d o w t h r oug h w h ich His r a y s e n t e r ! T h e “ t r u t h ”, w h ich is o m n i s ci e n t a n d o m n i po te n t a n d o m n i p r e s e n t, do e s no t “ b el ong ” to a n y on e! So i t i s ill u s o r y to t h i n k t h at it b el ong s to s o m e on e else w h o “ s ho w s ” y o u a n d yo u f o ll o w!

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F r o m a no t h er a ng le, t h e i d ea “ s o m e b od y else” i s a r elat i v e i d ea. I f w e l oo k at ou r s el v e s o b j ecti v e l y , t h en we lea r n to l oo k “ m e” a n d “ s o m e bod y e l s e” a s t wo i nd i v i du als with n o s p ec i f ic p re f e r e n c e . T h e r e i s n o go o d o r b ad f e e li n g i rr e s p ecti v e o f a bou t w h o is l e a r n i n g fr o m w h o m ! T h is i s b eca u se t h e e g o o f p etty se l f d is s o l v e s ; a s on e s t u d ies G i ta with p e r s i s te n c e . So n o on e is s up e r i o r o r i n f e r i o r i rr e s p ecti v e o f w h et h er h e/ s h e le a r n s o r t e ac h e s . T h e s e a r e on ly r o l e s t h e i nd i v i du als p la y ! F r o m y et a no t h er po i n t o f v ie w , e v en t h e i d ea; o f a n c e s t o r s a n d d ece d e n ts i s r elati v e; i f we c ou ld l oo k at it b y go i n g b e yon d t h e fr a m ew o r k o f t i m e . J u s t a s r i gh t a n d le f t d e p e n d o n ho w we s ta nd , s i m ila r l y p a s t a n d p r e s e n t l o s e m e a n i n g if we s ta n d b e yon d t h e fr a m ew o r k o f t i m e . He n ce t h e ho ll o w s up e r i o r i t y o r f a l se i n f e r i o r i t y d i s a pp ea r s ; w h e n ; t h r oug h t h e s t ud y o f Gita we l e a r n to s e e m o r e ob j ecti v el y ! H e n c e , it i s a l s o e r r on e o u s to t h i n k t h at it “ b el ong s ” to y ou r a n ce s t o r s a n d y o u a r e an i n f e r i o r d e sce nd e n t to “ r ecei v e” it fr o m t h e m o r o t h er way r oun d t h at y o u g r eat b eca u s e y o u a r e teac h i n g it to y ou r d e s ce nd e n t! “T r u t h ” o r “se l f ” i s b e y on d t i m e a n d it is a b s u r d a n d b aseless to b e ca p ti v e o f s up e r i o r ity o r i n f e r i o r i t y c o m p l e x es ( d e v el op ed b eca u s e o f p etty i d e n tit y ), w h ich c o m e in h e w a y r eali z ati o n o f t r u t h ! I s n ’ t i t p o s sible t o de v el o p pride a b o ut o ur le a rning bl o w o ur t r u m p e t ? I t i s qu ite li k e l y to b e p r ou d in t h e ea r ly s ta g e s . B u t a s w e c o m e to kno w t h at t h e r e w e r e , t h e r e a r e a n d t h e r e w i ll b e m il l i on s o f s t ud e n ts o f Gita lea r n i n g h e r !

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Al s o , g r a du ally d u r i n g s t ud y we r eal i ze t h at i f “ I ” le a r n Gita; it i s n eit h er a m a t ter o f p r i d e ( i f acc l a i m ed b y p e o p le r e s p ecti n g Git a ); no r a m at t er o f p i t y ( i f r i d ic u led b y p e op le, w h o l o o k do wn u p o n Gita). T h is i s b eca u s e, f r o m ph i l o s oph ical a n d t h e re f o r e r eal i s tic po i n t o f v iew, I a m no t t h e o w n er o f w h at all ca p a b iliti e s , w h ich I h a v e ; as I h a v e no t c r eated t h e m ! I t i s s i m p ly a m a t ter o f b ei n g h a pp y to b l o s s o m t og et h e r ! Wh a t i s t he r ele v a nce o f v ir t ues; d e s cr i bed i n G i t a ; t o d ay ? I n Gita, t h e r e is a re f e r e n ce to v i r t u e s in m a n y p lac e s ; i n cl ud i n g 1 6 t h a n d 18 t h c h a p te r s . O n e o f t h e m i s “ tr u t h ”. I n e v e r y d ay p r act i ce, t h e r e i s a l w a y s a c on f l ict b etw e en l o y al d e s c r i p ti o n o f f ac t s (w h ich can eit h er p r ov e s t up id a n d i nv ite d i f f i c u ltie s ; o r w i s e at p r odu ce p r o f i t s ) a n d c on ceali n g o r m i s r e p r e s e n ti n g t h e f acts, (w h ich a l s o can e ng e nd er pun is h m e n t o r y ield g a i n s ). He n ce t h e r e i s ongo i n g c on f lict in e v e r y m i n d a bou t t h e v i r t u e v iz. t r u th a n d Gi t a p r ov i d es t h e a n s w e r to it. I b e g an to a pp r eci a te t h e ‘ t r u e’ m ea n i n g o f ‘ t r u t h ’ g r a d u ally a n d d i s ti ngu i s h it fr o m “ m e r e n a r r ati o n o f a pp a r e n t f ac t s ; e v en i f don e with 100 % ; l o y al t y a n d f i d eli t y ” . I b e g an to und e r s t a n d t h at r ealizati o n o f “t r u t h ”; i s a p r o cess a n d it lea d s to e xp r es s i o n o f a p p r op r iate b e h a v i o r , c ondu ci v e to b l o ss o m i n g o f e v e ry on e a n d r e al i zati o n o f t r u t h ! F o r t h is ( r i s i n g a b o v e t h e c r i m i n al li e s a n d gu lli b le t r u t h s a n d li v i n g e f f ecti v e l y to r ea c h t h e t r u t h ) to h a pp e n ; t h e r e a r e m a n y p r ece p ts w h ich ough t to b e f o ll o wed f r o m c h il dhood , bu t t h e m o s t i m p o r ta n t a n d un i v e r s ally p r act ic a b le in e v e r y c ond iti o n a n d s it u ati o n is NAM A SM A R AN.

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Wh a t i s t he me a ning o f t he v e r s e in 6 t h ch a p t er; (U D D H AR E T A T M A N A T M A N AM N A T M A NA M A VA S ADA Y E T A T M A I V A H Y A T M A NO B AN D H U H A TM AIVA R I P U RA T M A N A) w hich i s v ery f a m o u s ? H o w o ne is e n e m y o f o ne s el f ? I b e g an to und e r s t a n d t h i s ; b y c o rr el at i n g it with t h e p r e v i ou s r e f e r e n ce to t h e s e l f . L o r d K r i s hn a el u ci d at e s t h e n at u r e o f r eal s e lf to Ar j un a in t h e 2 nd a n d 3 r d c h a p te r s. He t h en a dv i s e s A r j un a in 6 t h c h a p te r , in t h i s v e r s e; to r e s c u e a n d up li f t t h e o t h er p a r t o f h i s c on s ci ou s n e ss (we can call it l o w e r o r ac t u ally phy s ical o r p h y s i o l og ical c o n s c i ou s n es s ; wit hou t b ei n g d e r og at o ry ) t h at h as b een t r a pp ed in bod y s y s t e m s ; f eeli ng s a n d i n tellect u al fr a m e w o r k ; a n d obv i ou s l y ; p r e v e n t i t s f u r t h er bond a g e. He f u r t h er s tat e s t h at i f y o u d o t h i s ; t h en y o u w ou ld f i n d t h a t t h at y ou r l o w er c on s ci ou s n e ss i s f r ie n d o f y ou r h i gh er c on s ci o u s n ess ( you ) a n d if y o u don ’ t, t h en y o u w ou ld f i n d t h at y ou r l o wer c on s c i ou s n e ss i s v e r i l y t h e en e m y o f yo ur hi g her c o nsci o usn e ss ( yo u). T h e c on s ci o u s n ess t r a pp ed in bod y , m i nd , e g o a nd / o r s ub j ecti v ity i s t h e en e m y i f no t p r o p e r ly n e go tiated wi t h a n d m a s te r ed o r c onqu e r e d . T h is c on s ci ou s n e ss b e c o m es ou r fr ie nd , c l o s e fr ie n d on ce n e go tiated with a n d c onqu e r e d , o r s h all we s a y b r ough t in h a r m on y with ou r sel v e s . T h i s acti v ity o f wi nn i n g p a r t o f ou r o wn c on s ci ou s n e s s , wit hou t b ei n g r e pu l s i v e o r e s ca p i s t i s YO G A. I t i s said ( b y t h o s e w h o h a v e ac h ie v ed t h is MAH A YO GA ), t h at N A MA SM A R AN m a k e s t h i s po ss i b le. H o w t o a ccept a b l oo dy w a r a s a n o pp o r t uni t y ? W h en I b e g an t h e s t ud y , it u s ed to a p p ear s t r a ng e t h at in 2 nd c h a p ter L o rd K r i s hn a h a s re f e r r ed t h e w a r a s g r eat oppo r t un it y .

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I u s ed to f i n d t h is st r a ng e a n d n o t a c c ep t a ble , b e ca u s e o f m y e rr on e ou s c on ce p ts a n d f e e l i ng s a bou t t h e v i o le n ce. I u s ed to t h i n k t h at w a r i s d e v ili s h , v ici ou s , a n d a vo i d a b le a n d h e n ce s hou ld b e a vo i d e d . Late r , I u s ed to p ar tly a g r ee t h at “t h is war a s oppo r t un it y ” bu t r at h er r el u cta n tl y , b e c a u s e I u s ed t o t h i n k t h at L o r d K r i s hn a j u s t i f ied t h is w a r b eca u s e it was i m p o s ed o n t h e m e v en a s h e h ad t r ied to a v e r t t h e war t h r oug h m a x i m u m p o s si b le n e go tiati ons ! B u t no w I r e a lize t h at t h e upho l d i n g o f war a s an oppo r t un it y ; r e f e r s to t h e op ti o n (w h ich n o o t h er li v i n g b e i n g h a s ) to e m a n ci p ate t h e l o w e r c on s ci ou s n e ss b y p a r tici p ati n g in t h e war to c onqu er all ph y s i o l og ical c on f lic t s i n s i d e a n d s o cial c on t r a d ict i o n s ; ou t s i d e! I n m y v iew t h is w a r o f r e s c u i n g a n d e m a n ci p ati n g t h e c o n s ci ou s n e ss t r a pp ed in s e n s e s i s d e s c r i b ed in H A T HA Y OGA te x ts as KU D A L I NI J A G R U T I . He n ce HA T H AY O GA p r actic e s ( d e s c r i b ed i n 6 t h c h a p ter o f Gita a n d D ny a n e s h a v a r i o r J n a n e s hv a r i) a n d i n telle c t u al e xp l o r ati o n as t h r oug h t h e SANKHY Y OGA (a l s o d e s c r i b ed in 2 nd c h a p ter o f Gi t a a n d J n a n e s hv a r i ) a r e p e r f ect l y c o m p l e m e n ta r y a n d r each y o u to t h e s a m e d e s ti n ati on , v iz. i n d i v i du al a n d g l o b a l b l o s s o m i ng ! T h e h ea v e n ly b ea u ty a n d boun ty o f G ita i s t h at s he ta k e s y o u b e y on d p etty “ l ov e a n d h a t e” r e l ati on s h i p s . S h e r e v ea l s to y ou ; ho w t h e l ov e a n d h at r e d ; in a s m u ch as t h e s e n s e o f f ear a n d a n i m o s i t y ; a r e bo r n in y ou r c on s ci ou s n e ss t r a p p ed in y ou r s e n s e s a n d ho w r esc u i n g t h e s a m e w ou ld fr ee y o u fr o m all s ub j ecti v ity a n d all p etti n es s . I s e e m to und e r s ta n d no w, t h at t h i s ; i f r e alized b y u s ; c an m a k e ou r p e r s on al r elati on s h i p s f a r m o r e p le a s a n t t h an on e can e v er i m a g i n e!

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O u r r elati on s h i p s can b ec o m e s ub l i m e a n d can g o b e yon d a n y d i s ta n ce, a n y t i m e a n d e v en d eat h , t h r oug h Gita a n d h e n ce Gita is a s up er r o m a n tic c os m ic p o et ry . E v e r y s i ng le s tep i n t h is d i r e c ti o n is m o r e p r eci ou s t h an t h e e n ti r e w o r l d , e v en i f m o u n tai n s o f d r aw b ac k s a n d o cea n s o f a dv e r s iti e s wit h in o r ou t s i d e u s; t r y t o d r ag u s b ac k ! I h a v e w r itten an a r ticle e n titled “ W o r s h i p i n g Se x ” a n d unk n o wi ng ly o r no t b ei n g f u lly a w a r e, I h a v e h i gh li gh ted in it; t h is p r o cess o f l ov i ng ly r esc u i n g “ p a r t” o f “ y ou r c on sc i ou s n e s s ” ( m a k i n g it y ou r fr ie nd ) fr o m t h e “ phy s i o l og ical p r i s on s ”, r at h er t h an h ati n g it. I can a pp r eciate no w, t h e f eeli n g o f r e s p e c t a n d a do r i ng , t o wa r d s ; s e xu al a t t r acti o n in t h e un i v e r s e; at t h e r oo t o f w h i c h , t h e r e i s m o t h e r h oo d a n d f at h e r hoo d a n d w h y it i s w o r s h i pp ed a s G o dd e s s K und ali n i ( a n d v a r i ou s G odd es s e s ); w h o m e r g e s with t h e t r u e s e l f ; w h en a pp r op r iate. N o v 12 , 200 9 1 2 :1 0 pm While s t ud y ing G i t a o ne d o ubt u s e d t o n a g m e f r o m t i m e t o t i m e . Why c o uld n o t G i t a cre a t e a n ide a l s o cie t y ? I f w e c a r e f u l l y und e r sta n d t h e pu r po r t o f Gita we b e g in t o r ealize t h at an i nd i v i du al with a v i s i o n o f “ i d eal s o c i et y ” i s a l s o a c r eat i o n o f t h e a b s o l u te c on s ci o u s n ess a n d t h e p e op le oppo s i n g t h is a r e al s o , c r eati o n o f t h e s a m e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n ess. T hu s an i nd i v i du al d e v el op s i n te n s e m o ti v ati o n to c h a n g e t h e s o cie t y f o r b etter a n d m a k e it j u s t, as a r e s u lt o f se v e r al b i o c h e m i c al r eacti o n s in h i s / h er bod y , w h i c h in t u r n a r e r e s u lt o f ca u ses h i dd en in f u r t h er p a s t. T h e s e acti v iti e s k e ep go i n g o n i rr e s p ecti v e o f on e ’ s vo l iti on . T h is m e a n s , t h e ob j ect i v es o r a i m s o f an i nd i v i d u al a r e t h e m s el v e s no t “ h i s o r h e r s ” !

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So i f t h e a i m s o r i d eals d o no t b el on g to y ou , (t h e y b el on g to t h e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss e m b od ied in Gita) t h en w h at s e n s e do es it m a k e to e xp ect Gita to f u l f ill t ho s e a i m s o r i d ea l s a s p er y ou r t i m e fr a m e , i n s t ead o f t h e c o s m i c d e s i gn ? Sec ond l y ; t h e un i v e r se, i f w e ob s e r v e , i s n e v er s t atic. I t k ee p s c h a ng i ng . T hu s e v e r y m o lec u le a n d at o m i s und e r go i n g c h a ng e. E v e r y o r g a n i s m a n d i nd i v i d u al, in te r m s o f bod y a n d m i nd ; a l s o i s und e r go i n g c h a n g e. E v e r y s o ciety a l s o in te r m s o f i t s i nh a b ita n t s ; i t s l i f e s t y l e; a n d its n at u r e; is und e r go i n g c h a ng e. So ho w can a n y bod y e xp ect Gi t a to c r eate “ un c h a ng ea b le i d eal s o cie t y ”? I n f ac t , Gita e n li gh te n s u s with t h i s w i s d o m a n d h e n ce a cts li k e s un , ill u m i n i n g t h e i nn er s p ace o f i nd i v i d u als f o r m ille nn ia. Gita i s li k e i n f i n ite s ou r ce e n l i gh te n m e n t ( b e y on d s p ace a n d t i m e ). F r o m t i m e to t i m e a n d t h r oug h a g es t h i s e n li gh te n m e n t m a n i f e s t s in a pp r op r iate i nd i v i du als a n d (t h r oug h t h e m e d i u m o f t h at p e r s on /s); t h e m a s s e s . B u t as t h e i nd i v i du al/s a n d t h e s o cie t y a r e r e p lace d , b y n e x t g e n e r ati on , t h e vo id is c r e ated a n d t h e s p i r it o f Gita h as to r ea pp ea r , r e - m a n i f e s t t h r oug h o t h er i nd i v i du al s ! T h is c y c l e go es on . I t i s t h e re f o r e i m p o r ta n t to r eali z e t h at Gita b l o s s o m s u s i nd i v i du ally a n d g l ob all y ; bu t no t c o e r ci v ely a n d a r b i t r a r i l y o r in a r e g i m e n talized f a s h i on . Al s o , Gita s p i r it k ee p s r ei n c a r n ati n g as a n d w h en t h e r e i s a n eed (wit h in u s a n d in t h e s o cie t y ; b eca u se t h e r e ca nno t b e a n y t h i n g li k e p e r m a n e n tly i d eal s tate o f an i nd i v i du al bod y a n d s o ci e t y ) So Gita te a c h es u s to p e r f o r m S W A D H A R MA with f u ll i nvo l v e m e n t a n d ec s t a s y ; wit hou t e xp ecti n g a n y t h i ng ; e s p ecial l y “a p e r m a n e n t l y i d eal s o cie t y ”.

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T h e a b s o l u te c on s c i ou s n ess o r t h e s p i r it o f Gita i s boun d to ta k e c a r e o f t h e p r ese n t a n d t h e f u t u r e fr o m t i m e t o t i m e a n d ou r p lea s a n t du ty ( S W AD HA R M A ) is to s t udy , r ealize a n d s h a r e t h e e n li gh te n m e n t o f Gita with o t h e r s. T h e i nd i v i du al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i n g a r e boun d to m a n i f e s t t h r oug h t h is e n li g h te n m e n t as t h e s p r i n g c o m e s ! T h e r e i s a no t h er r e a s o n o r e xp la n ati o n ; “w h y Gita ca n n o t c r eate i d eal s o cie t y ”! T h e w o r ld k ee p s o n c h a ng i ng ; b e y o n d ou r s ub jecti v e c o n ce p ts a n d e v en if Gita w e r e to c h a ng e t h e w o r l d ; e x a ctly a cc o r d i n g to ou r e xp ectati o n p r eci s el y , s till we w ou ld n e v er b e p e r m a n e n t l y h a pp y b eca u s e we ou r s el v e s a r e c h a n g i n g i nd i v i du al s ! W h ate v er we e xp ect i s a l s o c h a ng ea b le a n d h e n ce can n e v er g i v e u s l a s ti n g s at i s f ac t i on . T h is i s e x act l y w h y Gi t a a s s u r e s t h at t h e e n li gh te n m e n t is boun d to r e - e xp r ess i t s e l f a g ain a n d a g ain w h e n e v er t h e r e i s n ee d . So Gita t e ac h e s u s to no t m e r e l y e n j o y t h e s t r ugg le o f l i f e, bu t s h e teac h e s u s to e n j o y it li k e a s po r t , in w h ich w e p ass o n t h e m a n t l e to t h e n e x t p a r t n e r ! So it i s i n a pp r op r i a te to e xp ect c r eati o n o f s o called i d eal s o cie t y ! I t i s li k e e xp ecti n g S u n to p r ov i d e m on e y ! I n f a c t ; t h i s i s t h e re a s o n ; w hy w e a re a d v i s ed n o t t o e x pe c t r e sul t s a s per “o ur” pr o j ec t i o n s . C a n w e l oo k up t o G i t a f o r a s o lu t i o n in a s t a t e o f depres s i o n? W ith re f e r e n ce to a bov e und er s ta nd i n g o f i m p e r m a n e n ce a n d r eal i zati o n o f t h e t r a n s ie n t n a t u r e o f e x i s te n ce, o f ou r bod y , s o ciety a n d t h e un i v e r s e; s o m e t i m es we te n d to g et d e p r es s ed ( b eca u s e o f t h e attac h m e n t r e s u lti n g fr o m h a b i t u ati o n o f ou r bod y a n d t h e e nv i r on m e n t), b y t h e t hou g h t o f qu itti n g t h e m !

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T h is d e p r es s i o n l e a d s to w i t hd r awal fr o m t h e s t r ugg le. All s t r ugg les a pp ear m e a n i ng les s ; j u s t a s t h ey a pp ea r ed to Ar j un a. Bu t e v en i f we g et d r a gg ed b y t h is (i n s u r m oun ta b le ? ) f e eli n g o f no t p a r t i c i p ati n g in t h e li f e s t r ugg les (wa r ! ), it w on ’ t b e po s s i b le f o r u s , b eca u se o f b ei n g i n ; i n e s ca p a b le phy s i o l og ical a n d s o cial e nv i r o n m e n t a n d i nd i v i d u al a n d s o cial c on s ci ou s n e s s , in w h ich a v a ri ety o f b i o c h e m ica l , b i oph y s ica l , ph y s i o l og ical a n d s o cial acti v iti e s a r e boun d to ta k e p lace; w h et h er we wi s h o r no t! E s ca p e is i m p o s s i b le a n d i nvo l v e m e n t in t h e m i s i n e v ita b le! He n ce in 2 nd c h a p ter a n d latt e r in 18 t h c h a p te r , L o r d K r i s hn a a s k s Ar j un a to f o ll o w S W AD H A R MA, w h ich e x t r ac t s t h e i m m o r tal p r i n ci p le b e y on d t i m e fr o m t h i s p a ssi n g bod y a n d un i v e r s e ! T h is i s li k e r e c ov e r i n g t h e N E T P R OF I T fr o m t h e b u s i n ess o f l i f e t i m e! He n ce it i s a l s o s a i d t h at don ’ t w o r r y a bou t t o m o r r o w. J u s t f o ll o w y ou r S W A DH A R MA; a n d f o r e x actly i d e n ti f y a n d r eali z e y ou r S W A DH A R MA; y o u can ta k e t h e h elp o f ( a s s t ated in 1 6 t h c h a p te r ) s c r i p t u r es a nd / o r f r o m y ou r i nn er vo ice; t h r oug h p r actice NAM A SM A R AN as h a s b e en a dv i s e d b e s i d e s Git a , b y m o s t o f t h e s ai n t s . T h at m a k e s s t ud y o f Gita a n d s h a r i n g it with o t h e r s a m a tt e r o f g r eat oppo r t u n ity a n d e c s tatic p r i v ile g e, f o r ov e r c o m i n g d e p r e s s i on , w h ich m a y b e g e n e r a t ed b y Gita h e r s e l f i f we a r e t o o i gno r a n t a n d t o o weak to d i g e s t t h e w i s d o m in Gita! B u t t h e d e p r es s i o n can b e s u r ely ov e r c o m e t h r oug h t h e s t ud y o f Gita h e r se l f (a n d r ecitati o n o f Vis hnu s a h a s r a n a m ; a n d p r actice o f N A MA S M A R A N ), b y t h e r ealiz a ti o n t h at; e v en a s o ur b o dies a re b o und t o per i s h a nd o ur s o cie t y i s b o und t o m e t a m o r p h o s e , w e h av e t he go lden o pp o r t uni t y t o p r a c t ice SWA D H A R M A a nd s h a re o ur c o n v ic t i o ns ( a nd i mm o r t a l es s e nce) w i t h o t he r s !

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Wi t h r e f erence t o v er s e s in s o m e c h a p t ers, s u c h a s 3 rd , 7 t h , 9 t h , 1 4 t h , 1 6 t h , I u s ed t o w o nder, h o w in s p i t e o f repu t a t i o n o f G i t a a s t he pr o p o under o f ul t i m a t e t r u t h, t h e re c o uld s t ill be pe o ple n o t f o ll o w ing t he pre c ep t s o f G i t a , ( w ho w o uld h av e g o t hr o u g h t he f a t e de s c ribed in G i t a )? Why t hey a re n o t pe r s u a ded o r c o n v er t ed o r ch a n g ed by G i t a ? T h e i nd i v i du als all ov er t h e w o r l d ; t h oug h b el o n g to t h e s a m e s p ecie H o m o s a p ie n s ; a r e d i ff e r e n t in te r m s o f t h e i r c o n s tit u ti on s a n d t h eir e nv i r o n m e n t s . J u st a s s un li gh t c a n b e t r oub le s o m e t o pho t o ph o b ic (t ho s e w h o can no t t o le r ate t h e s un li gh t du e lack o f m ela n in p i g m e n t in t h eir e y e s ) i nd i v i du al, Gita c a n b e d i s c o m f o r ti n g a n d d i s a g r e e a b le t o s o m e i nd i v i du al s ; du e to t h eir p ec u lia r i ti e s . He n ce j u st a s t h e r e ca nno t b e a p e r m a n e n tly s at i s f a c t o r y i d eal s o cie t y , t h e r e ca nno t b e a p e r m a n e n t a n d un i v e r sal a g r ee m e n t o n Gita. I l ea r n t t h at e v en i f t h e r e i s a b s o l u te t r u th in Gita, it ca nno t m a n i f e s t in e v e r y h ea r t, t h o u g h o ne c a n k eep s h a ring i t ; a s a p a r t o f o ne ’ s SWA D H A R M A. I nd i v i du al a n d g l o b al b l o ss o m i n g w o u ld k eep o n m a n i f e s ti n g a pp r op r iately a s a n d w h en t h e t i m e r i p e n s ; t hou g h no t p e r m a n e n tl y ; a n d t hou g h no t in e x actly t h e s a m e m a nn e r a s w e a n tici p ate d ! Is i t a lri g ht if w e s h a re o ur per c ep t i o ns w i t h o ut a de q u a t e s t ud y ? T h e r e i s NO li m it t o w h ich Gita can b e s t ud ie d . Gita i s i n f i n ite in e v e r y wa y , e v en t houg h s h e c on tai n s on ly 70 0 v e r s e s . He n ce t h e r e s hou ld b e n o i nh i b iti o n to s h a r e w h ate v e r w e w a n t to s h a r e a bou t Gita. S h a r i n g t h e s p i r it o f Gita; e v en w h ile s t ud y i ng ; h as t h e a dv a n ta g e t h at r e p etiti o n o f p r i n c i p les o f Gita h el p s u s in d e v el op i n g a n d s t r e ng t h e n i n g

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ou r c onv icti on s . T hu s a p a r t fr o m i n t r odu ci n g t h e o t h e r s , o r tal l y i n g ou r p e r ce p ti on s with o t h e r s , o r g etti n g t h e c h a n ce to le a r n f r o m o t h e r s c o rr ect ou r s el v e s i f n ecessa r y it h el p s u s in ou r o wn b l o s s o m i ng . I n a dd iti on , t h r ou g h s h a r i n g t h e s p i r it o f Gita, we a r e a b le t o i n f l u e n ce t h e l o cal a n d g l ob al e nv i r o n m e n t a n d m a k e it f r i e nd ly f o r u n i n te rr up ted s t ud y o f Gita a n d b l o s s o m i n g o f i nd i v i du als a n d t h e w o r l d . T hu s s h a r i n g o f t h e s p i r it o f Gita ( a s p er ou r und e r sta nd i ng ) is e s s e n ti a l a n d v ital, f o r b r a v ely a n d w i s e ly d e f eati n g t h e d a r k a n ti un i v e r s e a n d a n ti h u m an f o r c e s ! Wh a t i s t he e s s en ce o f t he t e r ms u sed in 7 t h a nd ch a p t e r s ? At t h e e n d o f 7 t h a n d b e g i nn i n g o f 8 t h c h a p te r ; t h e r e i s m e n ti o n a bou t (KSH A R A) AD HI B H OO T , (P U R U S HA) ADH I DA I VA, a n d ( S W A B H AV A ) A DHY A T M A , (A K SH A R A) B R A H M A , A DH I YAJNA (A H A M ) a n d (V I S A R GA) K A R MA ADH I B HO O T i s a p e r i s h a b le a s p ect o f un i v e r s e i n cl ud i n g h u m an b ei ng s . I nd i v i du al c on s ci ou s n ess o r t h e u n c h a ng i n g v itality is c alled P U R U S HA ( I n A y u r v e d a, r e f e rr i n g to i nd i v i du al ca s e; t h is i s c a lled C H I K I T SA PU R USH A ). T h e e s s e n ce o f t h e i n t r icate r elati on s h i p s b etw e en c on t r o l s y s t e m s a n d t h e f un cti on s a n d t h e m ec h a n i s m s a r e called S W A B H A VA o r ADHY A T M A. I t i s “ phy s i o l og y ” o f n at u r e (Act u al l y p h y s i o l og y m ea n s s t ud y o f n at u r e i f o n e r e f er s to t h e w o r d in G r e e k )! ADH I Y A J NA i s L o r d K r i s hn a i.e. c os m ic c o n s ci ou s n e ss t h at ill u m i n e s e v e ry t h i n g a n d e v e ry bod y .

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V I S A R G A i s a l s o called K A R MA w h ich is no t h i n g else bu t t h e a pp ea r a n ce ( m a n i f e s tati on ) a n d d is s o l u ti o n o f un i v e r se i n t h e c on s ci ou s n e s s . T h is c on ce p t i s s o m e w h at s i m il a r to m a n i f e s ta t i o n a n d d is s o l u ti o n o f ou r s ub j e cti v e w o r ld a cc o r d i n g to t h e e vo l u ti o n o f ou r c on s ci ou s n e s s ! AAKS HA R A i s c a lled B R A H M A. T h e s ub s t r at u m o f o r b ac kd r o p o f ete r n al c on sci ou s n ess t h at e n c o m p a sses fr o m in a n d ou t t h e w ho le un i v e r s e, s p a c e a n d t i m e i s called A KSH A R A ( B R A H MA). T hu s to h i m o r h er , w ho s e c on s ci o u s n ess m e r g e s with a b s o l u te c on s ci ou s n e s s , t h e w ho le un i v e r s e a p p ea r s to b e bu t a r e f l ecti on ! T h is e xp la n ati o n p e r tai n s to ho li s tic c on ce p t u alizati o n o f i nd i v i du al a n d un i v e r s al e x i s te n c e . T h e s e m a n ti c s v a r y fr o m d i ff e r e n t sc hoo ls o f t hou g h t. He n ce m y i n te r p r etati o n m a y no t b e e x act li k e m a t h e m atical calc u lati on s . B u t t h e es s e n ce i s t h at; on e, w h o lea r n s a b ou t h is t r a n s - t e m po r al e s s e n c e ; a n d r elati on s h ip w i th t h e f leeti n g bod y , s o cie t y , un i v e r s e a n d a v a r i ety o f phy s ical, c h e m ical a n d p s y c hob i o l og ical acti v itie s ; le a r n s to “ f r ee t h e l o w e r s e l f ” t h r oug h S W AD H A R MA a n d in t u r n , h el p s o t h e r s t o attain t h e s a m e f r ee d o m a n d b l o s s o m to c u l m i n ate in a b s o l u te li gh t. C a n pr o m o t ing G i t a c o me in t he w a y o f o ne ’ s pr og r es s ? P r o m o ti n g o r s h a r i n g p er s e , d o no t c o m e in t h e way o f p r og r es s . I n f a ct t h ey can boo s t ou r m o ti v ati o n a n d s t r e ng t h en ou r d ete r m i n a t i o n a n d te n acity to s t ud y a n d p r og r e s s. B u t; i n a dv e r te n t, i m p atie n t a n d d e s p e r ate e f f o r t s (a n d n o t j u s t s h a r i ng ) to teach (in s p ite o f h a v i n g no t a ss i m ila t ed ou r p e r ce p ti on s o f Gita) o t h e r s ; a r e o f ten o f i m p o s i n g n at u r e; a n d bo r i n g to t h e b r i m to t ho s e w h o a r e no t i n te r e s t e d ! T h is is b eca u s e we a r e d e f icie n t in ou r p e r c e p ti on s a nd / o r

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b eca u s e t h o s e; w ho m we a r e t r y i n g t o teac h ; a r e no t m e r ely t ho r ough ly s t u ck i n , bu t a r e a l s o pr o ud o f t heir pe tt y p ur s ui t s . H e n ce m a n y t i m e s ou r e f f o r t s a r e m et with d ece p ti v e a pp r eciati on ; o r a dv e r s e r e m a r k s a n d e v en h u m ilia t i o n o r i n s u l t s . He n ce it i s said in Gita ( 18 t h c h a p te r ) t h at d o no t teach G ita ( ou t o f y ou r ob s es s i on , e go , w h i m s, f a n ci e s , e v en if t h ey b e o t h e r w i se se l f l e s s ; o r with a n y o t h er p et t y pu r po s e ); to d i s i n te r e s t ed a n d dub i ou s i nd i v i du al s . H o we v er s u ch unp lea s a n t e xp e r ie n c e s ; a r e no t un c o m mon ; b eca u s e u s u ally on e w h o s t ud ies Gita f e e ls t h e u r g e to s h a r e it w ith o t h e r s … r at h er u r g e n tl y ! B u t f r o m such e x peri e nc e s ; i f w e le a rn o ur m i s t a k e a nd s t u d y w i t h d o uble e n t hu s i a sm a nd c o m m it m en t , t hen n o t hing c o m e s in t he w a y o f pr og res s . T h a t c o s m ic c o n s ci o u s n e ss t a k e s c a re o f o ur ( a s w ell a s g l o b a l) pr og ress a nd bl o s s o m in g ! He n ce; m a n y all t i m e g r e at a u t ho r s l i k e A d y a S h a nk a r ac h a ry a a n d D n y a n e s hv ar w r o te t h eir i nv al u a b le c o m m e n t a r i e s o n G i ta f o r t h e b e n e f it o f w o r l d , t h ey d id s o in f u ll c on c u rr e n ce with c os m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss (( no t ou t o f ob s e s s i on , e go , w h i m s, f a n ci e s , e v en i f t h e y b e o t h e r wise s e l f l e s s ; o r a n y o t h er p e t ty pu r po s e ). M o r e ov er t h ey d id no t i m p o s e it o n a n y sp eci f ic i nd i v i du al o r s e cti o n o f p e op le. He n ce t h eir c on t r i bu ti o n is (a n d s hou ld b e) a do r ed w o r l d ov e r . Wh a t i s t he p ur p o rt o f 9 t h ch a p t e r ? I n 9 th c h a p ter L o r d K r i s hn a b r i e f l y e xp lai n s ho w He ( H is c os m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s ) m a n i f e s ted a n d a b s o r b ed t h e un i v e r s e f r o m t i m e to t i m e. He f u r t h e r cl a r i f i e s t h at t ho s e w ho s e c on s tit u ti on s a n d e s p ecially n e u r o e ndo c r i n e s y s t e m s a r e N OT i n te g r ate d , h a v e n o i n cli n ati o n to

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d e vo te t h e m s e l v es with i nn ate f eeli n g s to L o r d K r i s hn a (c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ). T h ey a r e h a nd ica pp ed in t h is s e n s e. T h ey c a nno t e n j o y t h e i nv i go r ati n g c h a r m o f d ee p e s t a n d s e l f l e ss l ov e! T h e y m a y pu r s u e p etty go als a n d m a y ac h ie v e t h e m s u c cess f u l l y i f t i m e i s f a vo r a b le; a n d l o s e in s u ch pu r s u it s ; w h en t i m e i s un f a vo r a b le bu t s u ff e r in bo th cas e s du e to p etti n es s . H o we v e r , t h o s e w h o g et t h e ta s t e o f L o r d K r i s hn a (c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ) f all in H i s l ov e. T h ey li v e in f u ll c on s o n a n ce a n d ca r e o f t h e a b s o l u te t r u t h . T h ey d o no t g et h a r assed o r e n ta ng l e d b y p etty p r ob l e m s. I n 9 t h c h a p ter L o r d K r i s hn a e xp lai n s t o A r j un a t h at all t ho s e w h o w o r s h ip d i ff e r e n t d eities ( ou t o f i gno r a n ce a n d f o r p e r s o n al g ai n s ) a l s o r each h i m , in t h e c ou r s e o f t i m e . He a s k s A r j un a t h e r e f o r e to un ite wi t h h is h i gh er c on sc i ou s n ess i .e. L o r d K r i s hn a (c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n ess); r at h er t h an g etti n g d r a gg ed i n to p etty pu r s u its. T h e v e r s e t o w a r d s t h e e nd ; in 9 t h c h a p ter re f e rr i n g to w o m e n , VA I S HYA a n d SHU D R A m a y g i v e i m p r e s s i o n t h at it i s d e r og at o r y to t h e s e g r oup s . B u t t h at i s no t s o . T h e r e a r e s ub tle p h y s i o l og ical d i ff e r e n ces a m ong s t d i ff e r e n t p e op le a n d m a l e s a n d f e m al e s ; du e to v a r iati on s i n ho r m on e s , sex ho r m on e s, n e u r o ho r m on e s , p r e d o m i n a n ce o f r i gh t o r le f t b r ai n , o t h er a s p ects n e u r o l og ical d e v el o p m e n t, i n f l u e n ces o f c ond iti on i n g (ca u s i n g d i f f e r e n c e s in m e m o r y , li ngu i s tic s k il l s , m a t h e m at ic al s k il l s, ca p aci t y t o v i s u alize, ca p acity to d i s c e r n no tes o f m u s ic, a b ility to r ead in b e t ween t h e li n e s , t h i nk i n g n o n s e qu e n tiall y , a gg r es s i v e n es s , s u b m i s s i v e n e s s , calc u lati v e

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ca p acit y , s k ills in h a nd ic r a f t s, a n a l y sis a n d s o on ). T h e se d i f f e r e n c e s d o no t i nd icate i n e qu ality (in e xp l o itati v e s p i r i t ) bu t m e r e l y d i ff e r e n c e s. L o r d K r i s hn a s a y s t h e s e qu aliti e s i nd i cate a p tit ud e a n d p r o f icie n cy in a p a r tic u lar f iel d ; bu t e v e r y po s s i b le q u ality h a s acc e ss to t h e s p i r it a n d b e n e vo le n ce o f Gi t a. W h ile w r iti n g t h is, I c a m e ac r o ss s udd en f i n a n cial d i f f i c u ltie s . T h e r ec ov e r y a g e n ts f r o m b a n k c a m e ho m e a n d d i s c u ssed t h e m att e r . All t h e ph il o s oph y s ee m ed to b e r e d u nd a n t a n d u s eless. E v e ry t h i n g s e e m ed to r e vo l v e a r oun d m on e y . I s ee m ed to b e a h el p less c r eat u r e, w o r s e t h an s o m e o n e kno wi n g no t h i n g a bou t Gita. I d e v el op ed p ity f o r m y s el f . B u t wit h in f ew m i nu te s , t h e g r ace o f L o r d K r i s hn a (c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ) e n gu l f ed m y c on s ci o u s n ess a n d m a d e m e r ealize t h at t h i s i n ci d e n t it s e l f (a n d s u ch i nn u m e r a b le i n ci d e n t s ) i s “a m i n iat u r ized v e r s i o n o f war in Gita” a n d h a s to b e p a r tici p ated t r i u m ph a n tly a n d c onqu e r e d ! I r e ali z ed t h at w r iti n g o n Gita; h a s to b e c o u p led with act u al m a ste r y ov er a n d d etac h m e n t fr o m d r a gg i n g i m p act o f f eeli ng s o f se l f r e s p e ct, f a m ily r e l ati on s , f i n a n cial r i s k s a n d pub lic r e put ati o n a n d e v en li f e! T h at i s t h e s p i r it o f Gita! I go t b ack ov e r c a m e m y d i s t u r b a n ce a n d d eci d ed to w r i te; c o m e w h at m a y ! I r ealized t h a t; b ei n g un s h a k a b le a n d d i gn i f ied in NAM A SM A R AN i.e. in t h e e s s e n ce o f Gita; i rr e s p ecti v e o f a ny t h i n g a n d e v e ry t h i ng ; is S W A DH A R MA f o r m e (a n d po s s i b l y f o r e v e r y on e). T hu s it w ou ld b e c lear t h at; I a m c on ti nu i n g to lea r n a n d f o ll o w S W A DH A R MA; e v e r y n ew m o m e n t! I h a v e a l s o b e gu n to r ealize t h at t h i s q u ality o f b ei n g f ir m l y po s iti on ed in NAM A SM A R AN i.e. in t h e p r ec i s e p u r po r t o f Gita; i s e x t r e m e l y u s e f u l f o r b l o s s o m i n g i n d i v i du al a n d un i v e r s e e s p ecial l y i f ac q u i r ed b y p e op le

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i nvo l v ed in lea d e r s h ip o f d i ff e r e n t t y p es a n d m a n a g e m e n t in d i f f e r e n t f i el d s. N o v 12 , 2009 , 8 :4 5 pm At t h e e n d o f 9 t h c h a p te r , a n d in t h e b e g i nn i n g o f 1 0 t h c h a p ter L o r d K r i s hn a a ss u r e s Ar j un a t h at i rr e s p ect i v e o f a n y v i c es a n d / o r s i n s t h e i nd i v i du al g ets f r e e d ; t h r oug h d e vo t i o n f o r H i m . He a l so s a y s t h i s in 1 8 t h c h a p te r . H o w t o rec o ncile t h i s a s s u r a nce w i t h t he n o t i o n t h a t goo d deeds y ield goo d re s u lt s a nd b a d d e e d s y i eld b a d r e s u l t s ? Is i t n o t c o n t r a dic t o r y ? D o es i t n o t c o n t r a d ict t he e x pe c t a t i o n o f j us t ice in s o cie t y ? I u s ed to r eal l y g et p e r p le x ed b y s u ch s t a t e m e n t s in m a n y o t h er h y m n s al s o . B u t no w it a pp ea r s t h at w h ate v er i s v i s i b le; i s on ly s up e r f i cia l . He n ce i t is p a r tial t r u th a n d no t a c o m p lete on e . S o ; c ond e m n i n g s o m e on e a s c r i m i n al can b e f a l laci ou s . S i m i l a r l y t h e c onn ecti o n with L o r d K r i s hn a i.e. c os m ic c o n s ci o u s n ess is n e v er a p p a r e n t. He n ce e v e n if an i nd i v i du al a pp ea r s to b e a s i n n er o r a c r i m inal, h e c ou ld g et e m a n c i p ated i n s ta n tly t h r oug h h is c onn ecti o n (w h ich m a y n o t b e a pp a r e n t); w i th c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s . I f w e a pp r eci a te t h i s , t h en it w ou ld a c t u ally h elp ou r le g al s y s t e m to e vo l v e; fr o m call ou s , i rr e l e v a n t a n d l op s i d ed a n d un j u s t p e d a n tic a rr og a n ce; to e n li g h te n ed ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e a n d s t r u c t u r i n g o f l aw s a n d t h eir a d m i n i s t r ati on ; cl o s er to n a t u r al j u s t i ce! I n i nd i v i du al li f e t h is i s i m po r ta n t a s it can ta k e a w a y t h e bu r d en o f b ei n g j ud g m e n tal; a bou t ou r s el v es a n d o t h e r s ; fr o m o u r h ead a n d r e du ces t h e nu i s a n ce o f ou r i gno r a n c e to o t h e r s!

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I t i s n ec e s s a r y ho we v er to a l s o a pp r e c iate t h at Gi t a c e r ta i n ly do es no t und e r m i n e t h e r o le o f et h i c s a n d d ec e n cy r e qu i r ed in h e alt h y i n t r a p e r s on al a n d s o cial h a r m on y a n d d y n a m i c s. T h is i s b eca u s e; t h e c on ce p t o f goo d d ee d s a n d b ad d ee d s p e r tai n s to w h at w e d o f o r i nd i v i du al a n d g l o b al b l o ss o m i ng , e s p ecially w h en we a r e no t in a ppo s iti o n to und e r s t a n d o r r eal i ze c os m ic c o n s ci ou s n e s s . He n ce t h e c o m m a n d m e n ts, d ec r e e s o r p r ece p t s a r e f o r m ed a n d f l o w t h r oug h t h e g e n e r ati on s in t h e f o r m o f t r a d iti on s a n d c onv e n ti o n s , c u s t o m s. , und e r s ta n d t h e i n t r icaci e s o f ph il o s o p h y . I t s hou ld b e c l ear w h y Gi t a ela bo r ates o n goo d d ee d s a n d b ad d e e d s in 1 6 t h , 17 t h a n d 18 t h c h a p te r s b e s i d e s in 9 t h al s o a n d a dvo cates al l , bu t e s p ecial l y t ho se w h o ca nno t c o m p r e h e n d t h e c o s m ic d y n a m i c s, a n d h e n ce doub ts to f o ll o w t h e s e p r ece p ts! T h e s e p r ece p ts p l a y a v ital r o le in i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial h a r m on y . T h e e s s e n ce o f t h e two a pp a ren t ly c o n t r a d ict o r y s t a t e m e n ts b ec o m e s clea r , t h r oug h NAMA S M A R A N . At t h e e n d o f 9 t h c h a p te r ; A r j un a (a n d we) p r ob a b ly b ec o m e s c onv e r s a n t with t h e l i f e s t r ugg le a n d ho w to f o c u s o n t h e a b s o l u te t r u th c o m m o n to i nd i v i du al e x i s te n ce a n d t h e un i v e r s e . Why is t h e pu r p o s e o f n a rr a t i o n a n d sh o w ing t he c o s m ic n a t ure in 1 0 t h a nd 1 1 t h ch a p t e r s r e s p ec t i v el y ? B u t s i n ce L o r d K r i s hn a h a s d e s c r i b ed S W AD H A R MA t h r oug h 2 nd , 3 r d , 4 t h , 5 t h , 6 t h c h a p te r s ; a n d on e ’ s p o s iti o n in c o s m ic d y n a m ics a n d t h e c o s m i c c on sci ou s n ess in 7 t h a n d 8 t h c h a p te r s, a n d s i n ce in 9 t h c h a p te r , L o r d K r i s hn a a s k s A r j un a to d e vo te to H i m (c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ); A r j un a h as a qu e s t i o n a bou t L o r d K r i s hn a ’ s c os m ic n at u r e; a n d ho w to w o r s h ip o r d e vo te t h is c o s m i c n at u r e o f L o r d K r i s hn a. 10 t h a n d 1 1 t h c h a p t e r s d e p ict o f t h i s c o s m i c n at u r e o f L o r d K r i s hn a.

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L o r d K r i s hn a ela b o r ates ho w He is t h e r oo t ca u s e o r s e ed o f t h e s ee n , un s ee n , a n d c on s c i ou s , s ub c on s ci ou s a n d un c on s ci ou s un i v e r s e. He f u r t h er a s s u r e s t h at He e n li gh te n s t h e s ee k e r s o f t r u t h ; w h o a r e c o m p l e tely c on s u m e d a n d h e n ce k e e p i n te r acti n g i n te n sely a bou t t h e t r u th i.e. L o r d K r i s hn a; in ec s t a s y ! L o r d K r i s hn a t h en d e s c r i b e s v a r i ou s c o m pon e n ts o f un i v e r se, w h ich b r o a d en a n d e xp a n d on e ’ s v i s i on , p a r a d i g m a n d p e r s p e c ti v e to b ec o m e as o b j ecti v e a s po s s i b le. I n 11 t h c h a p te r , t h e r e i s a c t u ally V I S HV A R U P AD A R S HAN A . T h i s m e a n s Ar j un a i s g i v en s p ecial e y e s i g h t o n t h e b a s i s o f h is p r e p a r ati o n in 10 t h c h a p te r , a n d a ct u ally s ho wn t h e i n f i n ite n at u r e o f L o r d K r i s hn a. O bv i ou s l y ; t h i s “ s e ei ng ” is no t a c t u al s eei n g b y v i s u al s y s t e m , bu t t h r oug h o p e n i n g u p o f t h e c on s ci o u s n ess o f A r j un a. T h is i s w h y A r j un a “ s e e s” t h e f u t u r e f ate o f w a r r i o r s. T h is v i s i o n i s m i n d bogg li n g ! A r j un a i s a fr aid o f t h is s i gh t b eca u se t h is r e qu i r es d isa pp ea r a n ce o f t h e s ub j e cti v ity w h ich is li k e d eath i t s e l f ! A r j un a t h e r e f o r e r e qu e s ts L o r d K r i s hn a to a pp ear in fr on t o f h i m a s a h u m an bod y . T h is i s a v e r y i m p o r ta n t po i n t o f t r a n s iti o n fr o m f o c u s i n g a n d w o r s h i pp i n g t h e c o s m ic f o r m le s s r e al i ty to f o c u s i n g o n t h e h u m an f o r m o f t h e L o r d , w h ich is r ela t i v ely e a s ier b eca u s e y o u can a ll o w t h e s ub j e cti v ity to g r a du ally d i s a pp e a r . T h is i s t h e r e a s o n a n d b a s i s ; o f w h y m o s t o f t h e s ai n t s a n d s c r i p t u r e s li k e S h r i m ad B h a g a v a ta m a dv ice c o m m o n m en to w o r s h ip G o d in f o r m a n d p r actice NA M A S M A R A N , w h ich i s t h e s ub tl e s t no n v i s u al, no n o l f a c t o r y , no n gu s t at o r y (in s ho r t no n s e n s o r y ) f o r m o f t h e L o r d ! I t (N A MA M SM A R AN) t r a n s se n s o r y o r s up r a - s e n s o r y a n d h e n ce; w h en

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p r acticed b y an i nd i v i du al; can at b e s t ; b e b a r e l y “ h e a r d ” b y h i s i nn er s e n s e o f h ea r i ng , w h ich is qu ite un l i k e t h e “ h ea r i ng ” o f s ound s p r o du ced ou t s i d e. N o v 13 , 2009 , 10 : 0 0 a m I n 11 t h c h a p ter L o r d K r i s hn a e ndo ws A r j un a with “ o b j e c ti v e v i s i on ” o r e x t r ase n s o r y v i s i o n ; b y l i f ti n g h i m f r o m h is s ub j ecti v e r ea l m a n d p e r s p ecti v e. Ar j un a “ s e e s ” o r act u al l y e xp e r ie n c e s t h e c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s . T h is “ v i s i on ” o r act u a l e xp e r ie n ce o f ob jecti v e r e a l ity i s un f at h o m a b le in e v e r y s e n s e, b eca u se o f ou r y et und iss o l v ed s ub j ecti v e e x i s te n ce! F o r t h e s a m e r e a s o n it i s f r i gh te n i ng . I t is l i k e m ov i n g with s up e r s on ic o r s up er - pho tic ( f a s t er t h a n t h e s p eed o f li gh t) s p ee d . Ar j un a e xp e r ie n ced s o m e t h i n g s i m il a r to ( bu t m o r e c o m p lex t h a n ) h i g h s p eed ce n t r i f ug ati o n o r h i g h s p eed r e vo l u ti on s c r eati n g d e s t a b ilizi n g v e r ti g o up s etti n g all bod y a n d m i n d s y s t e m s. A r j un a we n t b e y on d t i m e a n d s e n s e o f t i m e s e e m ed to h a v e l o s t. He act u ally “saw” t h e p a no r a m a s p r ead o v er a g e s a n d m i ll e nn ia. He s aw g e n e r ati on s a f ter g e n e r ati on s g etti n g d is s o l v ed in t h at c on s ci ou s n ess. He “ s a w” t h e s e e k e r s o f t r u th w o r s h i pp i n g t h at c on s ci ou s n ess a n d t h e i gno r a n t ob li v i o u s o f H i m ; b ei n g a f ra id a n d r unn i n g f r o m H i m ! A r j un a r eal i zed t h a t L o r d K r i s hn a; t h e h u m an f o r m in fr o n t o f h i m i s act u ally c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss p e r v a d i n g h i m a n d h i s c on s ci ou s n ess in a n d ou t a n d f r o m a ll s i d e s . He f elt s t unn ed b y t h is unp a r allel e xp e r ie n ce o f o m n iscie n t, o m n i p r e s e n t a n d o m n i po te n t G od . He w a s ov e r w h e l m ed b y t h e e xp e r ie n ce o f w h at i s i m p lied b y t h e t er m s unbo r n , i m m o r tal a n d i n f i n it e ! He r ea l iz e d w h at is m ea n t b y t h e o r i g in o f un i v e r s e a n d t h e d e s ti n ati o n o f t h e un i v e r s e. He s e n s e d w h at c on s ci ou s n ess b e y on d c on s ci ou s n e ss i s ; a n d o r i g in a n d c u l m i n ati o n o f all s p i r i t u al, i n tellect u al

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a n d e m o t i on al e nd ea vo r s in l i te r at u re , a r t a n d scie n ce; p r acticed b y h u m an ci v ili z ati on s , kno wi ng ly a n d unkno wi n g ly in t h e pu r s u it o f t h e “ t r u t h ”; a r e ! Si n ce t h is e xp e r ie n ce i s s i m ilar to t h at o f g etti n g bu r s t o r e xp l od ed f r o m wit h i n ; it i s d e s ta b i lizi n g a n d s h atte r i n g , e v en t houg h it is t h r illi n g a n d e x citi n g in u lt i m a t e se n s e ! A r j un a t h e r e f o r e w h ile g etti n g s at u r a t ed a n d s u f f o c a te d , u r g ed L o r d K r i s hn a to r ea pp e a r in h u m an f o r m ! T h is i s p r ec i s e l y t h e po i n t o f i do l w o r s h i p ; act u al l y t h i s w o r d i do l w o r s h ip i s v e r y s u p e r f icial a n d n a rr o w a n d do es no t c o nv ey t h e s p i r it. I t is a p t l y c alled MU R T I P O OJA. T h e c o s m i c c on s c i ou s n e ss i s b r ough t in h u m an o r o t h er f o r m a n d t h en w o r s h i pp e d . T h i s p r a c t i c a l a nd s i mple w a y o f c o nnec t ing w i t h t he c o smic c o n s ci o u s n e ss h a s b een welc o m ed b y b illi on s o f p e op le f o r m ille nn ia. T h e s ai n t s ; a s all u d ed t o ; ea r lie r ; h a v e f u r t h er m a d e it s i m p l e b y p r actici n g N A M A SM A R A N a n d p r e ac h i n g it a n d t h e r e b y m a d e t h e e n li gh te n m e n t a c c es s i b le; to b illi on s o f p e op le f o r g e n e r at i on s gon e; a n d g e n e r ati on s to c o m e! L o r d K r i s hn a r ea pp ea r s in H i s h u m a n f o r m ( s till as a m u r ti i.e. i do l o f a d eity with f o u r h a nd s , s o a s to d i s ti n g u i s h H i m a s d i ff er e n t f r o m o r d i n a r y h u m an b e i ng ) a n d e xp lai n s t o A r j un a t h at it i s po ss i b le to no t m e r e l y , kno w a n d r each H i m , bu t ac t u ally m e r g e with H i m ; t h r oug h d e vou t l ov e with a b s o l u te f i d eli t y a n d l o y alt y . I n m y v i ew L o r d K r i s hn a i m p l i e s h e r e; t h at t h is un c ond iti on ed a n d d e vou t l ov e is t h e c u l m i n ati o n a n d p i nn acle o f a ll p e n a n ce a n d e f f o r t s ( s u ch as P R A NAY AM, A S ANA a n d o t h e r s ). T h i s i s YO G A o f YOGA o r YO G A attai n ed t h r oug h YOGA o r M A HAY O GA!

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At t h e e n d o f 11 t h c h a p te r ; L o r d K r i s hn a as s e r t s t h at S W A D H A R MA i .e. e v e r y m o m e n t li v e d in His c on s ci o u s n ess o r r e m e m b r a n ce; c h a r a cte r i z ed b y i n i m ita b le a n d s ub l i m e lov e f o r e v e ry on e in t h e un i v e r se; w h ich s i gn i f i e s s up r e m e f o r m o f un i v e r s al un it y ; c e r tai n ly ta k e s an i nd i v i du al a n d h e n ce b illi on s o f i nd i v i du als to H is s up r e m e a bod e! I n 12 t h ch a p t er, A r j un a , l i ke a ny g e nius ( a f t er “ s eei n g ” “ c o sm ic f o r m less f o r m ” a nd “ d ei t y f o r m ” o f L o rd K r i s hn a ); pr o b a bly re a li z es t he ne c es s i t y t o c o n f irm ( f o r t he bene f it o f bi l li o n s ) t he L o rd ’ s o pini o n a b o ut t he n a t ure o f w o r s h i p, a nd h ence req u e s t s L o rd K r i s hna t o e x pl a in t he qu e s t i o n , “ w hich t y pe o f de vo ut l ov e; a m o n g st t h e t w o v i z . t h a t f o r f o r m l ess c o s m ic c o n s c i o u s n e s s ; a nd t h a t f o r a speci f ic f o rm (id o l, m ur t i o r N A M A); i s pr ef er a ble a nd c o nduci v e t o i n d i v idu a l a nd g l o b a l bl o s s o m i n g? ” L o r d K r i s hn a e xp l ai n s t h at i t i s qu ite d i ff ic u lt to re m ain f o c u s ed o n “ f o r m le s s c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n ess”, (t houg h t h o s e w h o c a n d o t h i s ; a n d h a v e s up r e m e l ov e f o r e v e ry on e in t h e un i v e r s e; r e a ch H i m ); h e n ce w o r s h i pp i n g H i m i n s o m e f o r m , ( b e c a u s e it i s no t p r act i ca b le f o r a c o m m o n m an to c o m p r e h e nd , r e m e m b er a n d r ealize e v e r y m o m e n t t h e s e l f r e alizati o n o r t h e r ealiza t i o n c o s m i c c o n s ci ou s n e ss a n d its a pp licati o n in d ay to d ay l i f e) a n d also b y do i n g e v e r y a cti v ity in H i s r e m e m b r a n c e (a n d o ff e r i n g H i m , b e c a u s e e v e ry t h i n g a c t u ally b el ong s to H i m ) i s d e s i r a b l e . He f u r t h e r a dv ises A r j un a (a n d e v e r y on e in t h e un i v e r s e) t h at e v en i f t h i s a l s o m a y b e f oun d d i f f i c u lt; on e s hou ld p e r s i s t o n it. B eca u s e, t h r oug h c on s i s te n t a n d p e r s i s te n t e f f o r ts, t h e i nd i v i du als r each H i m a n d b l o s s o m s t ep b y s tep f r o m c on ce p t u aliza t i o n a n d p r actice; to e n li gh te n m e n t; to c o m p o sed o r i n te g r ated m e n tal s t ate; to d etac h m e n t f o r e v e r y r e s u lt (t h e f le e t i n g g ai n s a n d l o s s e s ); to a b s o l u te all e n li v e n i ng , all e m po we r i n g a n d all e n li gh te n i n g p eace!

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L o r d K r i s hn a b r i ef ly d e s c r i b e s t h e g r eat c h a r a cte r i s ti c s o f s u ch an i nd i v i du al (a n d h e n ce t h e s o ciet y ) a n d as s u r e s A r j un a t h at f o ll o wi n g t h is p ath is li k e d r i nk i n g t h e s ap o f i m m o r tality a n d b ei n g o n e with t h e ete r n al s ou r ce o f l ov e t h at e m a n at e s t h r oug h g e n e r ati o n s a f ter g e n e r ati on s ! Wh a t i s t he r ele v a nce o f t he d e s c r i p t i o n o f K S HET RA K S H E T RA J NA e tc. in 13 t h ch a p t er? L o r d K r i s hn a p r ob a b ly t hough t t h at A r j un a (a n d m a n y o t h e r s li k e h i m w h o a r e li k e l i m b i c s y s t e m , a u t on o m ic n e r vou s s y s t e m , n e u r o e ndo c r i n e s y st e m , e ndo c r i n e s y st e m etc. a s s o ci a ted with i n s ti n ct u al a n d e m o ti on al; a n d c on s ci ou s a n d s ub c on s c i ou s b e h a v i o r a n d h e n ce) i s no t y et t un ed to t h is k i n d o f e n li gh te n m e n t. I n o t h er w o r d s t h e e n li gh te n m e n t d id no t y et s eep do wn a n d d id no t y et p e r c o late i n to t h e bon es a n d i n to e v e r y c ell! I n s u ch s it u ati o n it b ec a m e n e c e s sa r y to e xp lain t h e pu r po r t f r o m d i ff e r e n t a ng le, in s till s o m ew h at d i f f e r e n t la ngu a g e, a n d with d i f f e r e n t s e m a n ti c s . T hu s in 13 t h c h a p ter L o r d K r i s hn a e xp lai n s t h e m e a n i n g o f KS H E T R A , KSH ET R A J N A , JNANA a n d JN E Y A, w h ich m ean b o d y with all i t s s y st e m s, kno we r , kno wle dg e a n d ob j ect o f kno w l e dg e; r e s p ecti v e l y . All t h is i s e xp lai n e d in s c r i p t u r es s u c h as BR AH M AS U T R AS e l a bo r ated b y r i s h i s , w h ich r e vo l v e a r ound , s p r i n g f r o m a n d c u l m i n ate in L o r d K r i s hn a i.e. c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s . P R U T H V I , w h ich b r o a d ly m e a n s all p a r ticl e s , AAPA, w h ich b r o a d ly m ea n s all li qu i d s , T E J A , w h ich b r o a d ly m e a n s t h e f i r e p r i n ci p le, VAAY U , w h ich b r o a d ly m e a n s all e n e r g y a n d AAKA S HA w h ich b r o a d ly m ea n s s p ace a r e cal l ed P A N C HA ( f i v e) MAH A B HU T AS.

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B U DD H I , A VY A K T A a n d AHA NK AR c on s tit u te t h e s ub tler a s p e c ts o f h u m an b ei ng s s u ch as i n telli g e n ce, u n a pp a r e n t f o r c e s a n d t h e s u b j ecti v e s c h e m a ( o f on e ’ s o wn a n d t h e un i v e r se) f o r m i n g c on ce p t u al f r a m ew o r k . T h e s e ei gh t e m bo d y i n g v a r i ou s i n s ti n cts a n d e m o ti on s c on s tit u te KSH ET R A. T h e kno wer o f t h i s KS H E T R A i s K S H E T R A JNA i .e. c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss i. e . L O R D K R I S H NA. I t h a s to b e c on ce i v ed t h at t h is c o n s c i ou s n ess w h en r e s t r icted o r l i m ited to KSH ET R A i .e. h u m an bod y a n d a s s o ciated ph e n o m e n a, c on s tit u t e s t h e KSH ET R A J N A in t h at r e s p e c t. J N A NA i s kno wle dg e; w h ich is no t m e r e ly i n f o r m a ti o n c ol lected b y an i nd i v i du al b u t e n li gh te n m e n t t h r oug h s t ud y o f A DH YA T MA i. e . ho li s tic ph y s i o l og y o r s t u d y o f i n t r icaci e s o f t h e d y n a m i c s o f n a t u r e (KS H E T R A ); a n d c on s e qu e n t i n tellect u al, e m o ti on al, i n s ti n ct u al a n d ph y s ical b e h a v i o r o f an i nd i v i du al! J N E YA i s ob j e ct o f kno wle dg e; w h ich in u lt i m ate r e s p e ct i s on ly on e; f i n al r e a lit y ; v iz. B R A HM A . I t i s wit hou t b e g i nn i n g a n d e nd . I t is n eit h er t r u e no r f a l s e. H e r e t r u e a n d f a l s e re f e r to c on c e p t o f “ i s ” a n d “ i s n o t”. “ I s ” a n d “ I s n o t” a r e p la u s i b le on ly with r e f e r e n ce to s p a ce a n d t i m e in v iew o f t h e t h r e e d i m e n s i on al n at u r e o f e v e r y t h i n g a n d its du r a b ili t y ! He n ce it i s b e y on d “ i s ” a n d “ i s no t”! I t i s c on cei v ed a s : I t h a s c oun tless h a nd s , e y e s , ea r s, m o u t h s a n d s o on . I t i s s aid to e n c o m p a ss e v e ry t h i ng ; s p ace, t i m e a n d all i nd i v i du al c on s ci ou s n e s s e s . I t i n c o r po r ates all s e n s o r y p e r ce p ti on s a n d b e y on d it

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all! I t i s b e y on d all d e s c r i b a b le att r i bu tes a s it i s b e y on d t h e la ngu a g e o f qu ality (w o r d s ) a n d qu a n tity ( n u m b e r s ). I t i s d eta ch ed a s well a s attac h ed a n d it i s b e y on d all qu aliti e s a n d y et e xp e r ie n c e s t h e qu aliti e s! I t i s p r e s e n t i n s i d e a n d ou t s i d e o f e v e r y t h i n g a n d it is s ta t ic a s w e ll a s d y n a m ic. I t i s e x t re m e l y s ub tle a n d h e n ce b e y on d p e r c e p ti o n a n d is i n f i n ite l y a w a y a s well a s in v ici n i t y . I t i s b e y on d all li gh t a n d all d a r kn es s , w h ich a r e f un cti on s o f v i s u al s y s t e m s! I t i s t h e kno wle dg e as well a s o b j ect o f k no wle dg e a n d e v er p r ese n t in t h e c o r e h ea r t o f e v e r y on e. All t h e s e qu aliti e s a r e d e s c r i b ed to r e i n f o r c e t h e s up er c o n ce p t; o f c o s m i c c on sci ou s n es s . T h e B R A H MA o r PU R USHA a n d P R A K R U T I a r e s a i d to b e f r ee o f b e g i nn i n g a n d e nd . PU R USHA can b e c on cei v ed as c on sci ou s n ess a n d as t h e r oo t o f e v e r y e xp r es s i o n o r m a n i f estati on , w h ich a c t as f iel d s a n d r e s t all with b e g i nn i n g a n d e n d a n d c h a ng e s ; c on s t it u te c on ti ng e n t as p ects v i z . t h e GUNA S . U nd e r s ta nd i n g t h e s e c on ce p ts h el p s a n i nd i v i du al to i d e n ti f y h i m se l f / h e r s e l f a s b ei n g i n c r ea s i ng ly cl o s er a n d cl o ser o r b ei n g in c o m m o n with t h e c o s m i c c on sci ou s n ess a n d b e g i n s to see t h e h a pp e n i n g s in t h e un i v e r s e a n d i nd i v i du al li f e a s p r odu c ts o f P R AK R U T I a n d G UNAS. T h i s i s p r o g r es s i v e li b e r ati on . T h is li b e r ati o n b ec o m e s po s s i b le b eca u s e t h e i nd i v i du al s e e s t h at c o s m i c c o n s ci ou s n e ss is li k e i m m o r ta l , e t e r n al s p ace t h at i s es s e n tial c o m pon e n t f o r e v e r y t h i n g t h at h a pp e n s in un i v e r s e bu t n eit h er p a r tici p at e s in t h e a cti v ities no r g ets i n f l u e n ced b y t h e m a n d it i s li k e S u n , w h ich ill u m i n e s t h e un i v e r s e wit hou t act u ally “ g o i ng ” to t h e nook s a n d c o r n er a n d wi t hou t act u ally “ b ec o m i ng ” p a r t o f t ho s e p lac e s .

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Wh a t i s t he i mp o r t a nce o f t he d e s c rip t i o n o f G U N A S e t c in t he 14 t h ch a p t er t o t he bl o s s o m ing o f m a n k i nd? L o r d K r i s hn a t h en d e s c r i b e s t h e “ a pp lie d ” a s p e cts o f t h e ho li s tic ph y s i o l og y v iz. t h e i m p licati o n s o f t h e c on ti ng e n t GU N AS; in h u m an li f e (with undoub t e d i m p act o n t h e un i v e r s e ) in 1 4 t h c h a p te r . N o v 14 , 2009 , 10 : 1 0 a m Gita i s t h e nu cle u s o f c on ce p t u al a n d act u al w o r ld un ity a n d h a r m on y . W h en I w a s m o r e i mm a t u r e t h an w h a t I a m t od a y , I c ou l d no t a pp r eciate t h e b e n e vo le n ce o f Gita f o r t h e un i v e r s e. T ho se d a y s, I p r e f e rr ed to r ead Ma x i m G o r ky ’ s “M o t h e r ” in p r e f e re n ce to Gita f o r t h e b li n d c h il d r e n . T h e “ M o t h e r ” a n d l e f t i s t lit e r at u r e in g e n e r al; a n al y ze t h e g l ob al p r ob l e m s in a r ati on al w ay a n d ta k e y o u a s tep f o r wa r d in b r ea k i n g t h e s h ac k l e s o f i nd i v i du ali s tic p etti n es s . He n ce t h e y a r e no t c oun te r p r odu cti v e o r r et r og r e s s i v e, bu t t h ey s hou ld b e t r a n s ce nd ed b y s t ud y i n g Gita. Gita i m p a r t s t h e v i s i o n o f un i v e r s al un ity a n d h a r m on y . Gita f r e es o r li b e r at e s e v e ry on e with v a r i ou s c h a r ac t e r i s ti c s , attit ud e s , b eli e f s a n d e nd ea vo r s ! Far m o r e i m po r ta n t is t h e e n li gh te n m e n t in r e s p ect o f d eath a n d i m m o r tali t y in on e ’ s l i f e t h at d e m y s t i f i ed n Git a . Gita g i v es t h i s fr eei n g kno wle dg e e v e ry on e a n d gu i d e s , to a ct u ally r ealize it a n d m e r g e with c o s m i c c on sci ou s n e s s . B u t t h i s ho li s t i c p e r s p ecti v e m a k e s G i ta s o m ew h at a m b i guou s ( f o r m o s t p e op le) a n d vu l n e r a b le to attac k s fr o m f a sc i s t s , f und a m e n tali s t s , a n d e x t r e m i s t s a n d ov e r all t ho s e p e op le; w h o a r e t r a pp ed in b i go t r y o f on e k i n d o r a no t h e r .

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B u t t h e s p i r it o f G i ta i s boun d to b e t r i u m ph a n t in h er r o le f o r a g es to c o m e; a s s h e h as b een in t h e p a s t ! L o r d K r i s hn a r eit e r at e s ; t h at e v e r y t h i n g in un i v e r s e i n c l ud i n g t h e GUNAS; s u ch a s SA T V A, R A JA a n d T A M A r e s u lt f r o m t h e c os m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s . T h is m a y b e c on s i d e r e d to b e a k i n d t r a n s du cti o n o r t r a n s f o r m a ti o n o f t h e c on s ci ou s n e ss i n to e n e r g y t h at m o b ilizes t h e m a tt e r acc o r d i n g to t h e c h a r act e r i s ti c s o f t h e m atter (w h ich al s o d e v el o p fr o m c on s ci ou s n e s s ). F r o m t h e i n te r p lay o f c on s ci o u s n ess, t i m e, s p ace, e n e r g y a n d m atter t h e w o r ld a pp ea r s a s it do e s ; w h ich in t u r n is du e to ou r c o n s ci ou s n e ss v eiled b y ou r phy si o l og ical a n d s ub j e cti v e p e r ce p ti on s! Ma k i n g it s i m p l i f i e d ; SA T V A, R A JA a n d T A MA i nd i cate d i ff e r e n t c h a r acte r i s t ic s o f e v e ry t h i n g s u ch a s b ei n g n ea r e r , in b e tween a n d aw a y fr o m a b s o l u te c o n sci ou s n ess! SA T V A t h e r e f o r e is a qu ality t h at b l o s s o m s kno wle dg e a n d acti v ities c ondu ci v e to f r e e d o m i. e . r each t h e c o s m i c c on s c i ou s n e s s , R A J A m u l t i p lies i n te n s i t y o f f eeli n g s a n d t h e acti v iti e s bo r n ou t o f s u b j ecti v e c on ce p ts a n d pu rs u it s ; a n d T A MA e n h a n ces d ec o m p o s i t i on , d e g e n e r ati o n a n d d o w n f all in t h e a by ss o f d a r kn ess o f i g no r a n ce. Gita i s g l ob al, b e c a u s e y o u can s ee p e op le with v a ry i n g p r e pond e r a n ce o f ; S A T V A , R A JA a n d T A MA all o v er t h e w o r l d ; c on t r i bu ti n g t o ; b l o ss o m i ng , d ay to d ay w o r k i n g a n d m u t i lati o n o f t h e w o r ld r e s p e cti v el y . F o ll o wi n g acc oun t can m a k e t h is po i n t clea r e r . T hu s : T A M A c on s t i t u tes i gno r a n ce, i ndo le n ce, s l u m b e r , i r r at i on alit y , i rr e s pon s i b ilit y , f a n atici s m , v ici o u s n ess a n d s o on ; R A JA c on s tit u t e s r estl e ss s t ud y a n d c o llecti o n o f i n f o r m a ti on , d y n a m i s m ( u s u al l y ou t o f

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p etty pu r s u its), r at i on al a n d a n al y tical t h i nk i n g wit hou t s y n t h etic o r ho li s tic p e r s p ecti v e, b ei n g v i g ila n t a nd / o r a nx i ou s , d i s c i p li n e, r ea d i n e s s to s t ud y t h e po i n t o f v i e w o f o t h e r s a n d a n al y ze a cc o r d i n g to on e ’ s o wn c on ce p t u al fr a m e w o r k a n d attit ud e c ondu ci v e to li b e r al i nd i v i d u ali s tic p r og r ess (w h ich g e n e r ally c o m e to l ogg e r h ea d s in t h e c ou r s e o f t i m e ) a n d SA T A V c on s tit u t e s buo y a n t s e r e n ity o f m i nd , a g ili t y a n d s w i f t n ess in ov er all b e h a v i o r , f o c u s ed atte n ti v e n e s s , r ati on ality c o m p l e m e n ted with ho li s tic a pp r o ac h , n at u r al aw a r e n e s s o f S W AD HA R M A; t h e c u l m i n ati o n o f un i v e r s al l y b e n e vo le n t “ d i s ci p li n e”; g e n e r o s i t y a n d l ov i n g attit ud e t o w a r d s all v a r i ety o f p e r s p ecti v e s as o r i g i n ati n g f r o m on e; a n d p e r s p ect i v e c ondu ci v e to h o li s tic p r og r e s s t h at e n s u r e s p r og r es s i v e c o m p le m e n ta r i t y a n d s u b l i m e h ar m ony . H o we v e r , GU N AS g e n e r ally b i n d p e op le in s o m e k i n d o f s u b j ecti v i t y a n d h e n ce t h e n at u r al b l o s s o m i n g i nv a r ia b ly lea d s to fr e e d o m f r o m t h e i n f l u e n ce ( no t a b s e n ce o f ) a nd / o r v ei l s o f e v e r y G UN A . T h is i s h i gh ly i d e a li s tic state, bu t r e s i d es in e v e r y h ea r t t hou g h on e m a y b e ob li v i ou s to it! T hu s in on e s e n s e s p i r it o f Gita r e s i d es in e v e r y h ea r t; (t hou g h s o m e m a y b e un awa r e o f it); a n d gov e r n s t h e dyn a m i c s o f h u m an b e h a v i o r ! A s m a j o r i t y b ec o m e s awa r e o f t h i s i nv a l u a b le t r e a s u r e o f e n li gh te n m e n t a n d e m po we r m e n t in t h eir h ea r t s (t h r oug h p r actic e s s u ch a s NAM S M A R A N), t h e s p i r it u al r e n a i s s a n ce w ou ld m a n i f e s t in e v e r y noo k a n d c o r n er o f t h e w o r l d . T h e h al l m a r k o f s u ch s p i r it u al r e vo l u ti o n w ou ld s i m p l y b e; t h e a wa r e n ess o f t h i s t r e a s u r e in t h eir h e a r t s ; r est all w ou ld f o ll o w ! Wh a t i s t he s i g ni f ic a nce o f t he s y mb o lic d e s cri p t i o n o f AS H V A T T H A tr ee?

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I n 15 t h c h a p te r , t h e r e i s an a n al og y o f ASHV A T T HA t r e e to d esc r i b e t h e un i v e r s e a n d un i v e r s a l c on s c i ou s n ess o n t h e on e h a nd ; a n d t h e i nd i v i du al a n d i n d i v i du al c on s ci ou s n ess o n t h e o t h e r , t h e r e b y h i gh li gh t i n g t h e u n ity b etw e en t h e t w o . O n e is t e m p t ed to as s u m e t h i s a s i d e n tical with a n at o m y o f t h e ce n t r al n e r vou s s y s t e m , w h ich is v ital in i nd i v i du al li f e . B u t t h i s s y m bo lic d e s c r i p ti o n i s s i m u lta n e ou s ly a pp lica b le to i nd i v i du al (a n at o m y a n d ph y s i o l og ical ob s e r v ati on s ) a n d t h e un i v e r s e. ( I t a pp ea r s t h at i s a l s o a pp lica b le to e v e r y p a r ticle a n d s p ec i es o f l i f e in un i v e r s e). F r o m h u m an a n at o m i cal a n d ph y s i o l o g ical po i n t o f v i ew ; h u m an b r ain i s t h e s e a t o f c o n s ci o u s n ess. I t i s at t h e t op , f o r m i n g t h e r oo t o r seed o f c on s ci ou s n e s s ; t h e b r a n c h es in t h e f o r m n e r v e f i b e r s s p r ead u p a n d do wn i n to p le xu s es a n d p e r i ph e r al n e r v e s a n d b illi on s o f r ec e p t o r s ; (t h e n at u r e o f w h ich c o rr e s pond s acc o r d i n g to Gita, to t h e ca u s a t i v e d ee d s o f t h e i nd i v i du al in t h e p a s t, a n d t h e i n d i v i du al e n j o y s o r s u ff e r s m o r e o r l e ss e x ac t ly acc o r d i n g to t h e i npu ts ( d et er m i n ed b y t h e p a s t d ee d s ) f r o m t h e s e n e r v e f i b er s a n d t h eir r e c e p t o r s ! I n f act t h e w ho le bod y r e s u lts f r o m t h e p a s t d ee d s ! I nd eed t h e c on s ci ou s n e ss g e t s t r a pp ed in t h ese s e n s e o r g a n s a n d t h e p e r s o n b ec o m e s bond ed a n d s u ff e r s to a g r e ater o r l e s s er e x te n t ! ! T h e h u m an b ei n g b ec o m e s fr ee a f t e r r et u r n i n g o f h is c on s ci ou s n e ss fr o m t h e p e r i ph e r y to t h e ce n ter o r t h e r oo t! T h is i s a n al ogou s t o c o s m i c c on sci ou s n e s s ; t h at a l s o g e t s in s o m e w ay “ t r a pp e d ” in t h e un i v e r s e; a n d r et u r n s t o wa r d s h is o r i g in at t h e t i m e w h en t h e un i v e r s e g ets d i s s o l v ed b ack i n to its r oo t s ! !

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I n o t h er w o r d s Gi t a b ea u t i f u lly s ho w s t h e c o m m on ali t y b etween t h e i nd i v i du al b l o ss o m i n g with un i v e r s al b l o ss o m i ng . I n o t h er w o r d s t h i s m a y b e c a lled r e o r ie n ti n g a n d r ee s ta b li s h i n g on e s e l f in o n e ’ s o wn po s iti on ! T h i s m ay al s o b e called r et u r n i n g to on e ’ s o wn s e l f ! T h is c on s ci ou s n e ss r eac h a b le b y an i nd i v i d u al is t h e s a m e a s un i v e r s al c on s ci ou s n e ss t h at ill u m i n es t h e e n ti r e un i v e r s e . O n e can al w a y s s a y t h at t h i s i s a po e t ic i m a g i n ati on , w h ich it i s ; bu t in t h e s e n s e t h at it t r a n sce nd s t h e s u b j ecti v e r e a s on i ng ! Gita i s b e y on d h u m an ( w h et h er po etic o r s c i e n ti f i c) i m a g i n ati o n . A n y on e ho we v e r , can v e r i f y t h e s p i r i t o f Gita f o r h i m se l f o r h e r s el f (a n d i n e v ita b ly with t h e w o r l d , b eca u s e t h e lig h t o f Gita ca n no t r e m ain r est r icted to on e ’ s s ub j e cti v e o r p et t y s e l f! )! Is i t n o t unn a t ur a l o r u n - p h y s i o l og ic a l t o c o n s ider t h e ph y s i o l og ic a l qu a li t i e s ; a s 6 ( S H A D ) e ne m i e s ( R I P US)? I n 16 t h c h a p ter t h e r e is d e s c r i p ti o n o f qu alities c ondu ci v e to do w n f a ll o f a p e r s o n ( g etti n g i n c r e a s i ng ly d i s ta n ced f r o m a n d ob li v i ou s o f on e ’ s t r u e s e l f i. e . c os m ic c o n s ci ou s n e s s ) a n d es s e n tial l y c o r r e s pon d to t h e p r e pond e r a n ce o f R A J A a n d T A MA d e s c r i b ed in t h e 14 t h c h a p te r . T h e w a y to ov e r c o m e t h e s e i n f l u e n c e s o f n e g ati v e f o r c e s c alled A SU R I f o r c e s ; i s S W AD H A R MA a n d s tep b y s tep v ict o r y ov er t h e K A MA, K R ODHA a n d L O B H A. T h e r e j e cti o n o f s c r i p t u r es b y an i nd i v i du al is u s u al l y o u t o f i m pu l s i v e n e ss a r is i n g f r o m t h e s l a v e r y o f K A MA, K R O DHA a n d L O B H A , ( d e s i r e, a g itati o n o n no t g et t i n g t h e d e s i r ed a n d a dd icti on ) w h ich a r e t h r ee e n e m i e s o f an i nd i v i du al; b eca u s e t h e y t r ap on e ’ s c on s ci ou s n e ss a n d d r ag aw a y fr o m t h e t r u e s e l f o f an i nd i v i du al.

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Ma n y ti m e s I u s ed to f eel that K A M A , K R O DHA a n d L O B HA a r e a ll n at u r al, phy s i o l og ical a n d no r m a l . G i ta teac h i ng s a r e a n t i - n at u r al. B u t no w I r e a lize t h at m y s ta nd a r d s o f “ n at u r al, phy s i o l og ical a n d no r m al” we r e m e d i o c r e a n d bo r n ou t o f i n tel l ect u al let h a r g y a n d s l o w n e s s . I no w und e r s t a n d t h at phy s i o l og ical is no t a s t atic te r m . He n ce w h at is phy s i o l og ical in i m m a t u r e s t a te w ou ld b e p at ho l og ical in m at u r e s tat e . W h at i s phy si o l og ical in p r i m it i v e s ta t e w ou ld b e p at ho l og ical in e vo l v ed s tate. B u t h a v i n g c on s i d e r ed t h e d i ff e r e n c e s in m a n y e nv i r on m e n tal c ond iti on s t h e s c r i p t u r e s w r it t en t hou s a nd s o f y e a r s a go , in on e p a r t o f t h e w o r l d ; m a y no t b e e x act l y a pp lica b le in a no t h er p a r t o f t h e w o r ld a n d in p r e s e n t s it u ati on . He n ce t h e e m ph a s i s i s g i v en b y Gita o n f o c u s i n g o n d e v ou t l ov e (S H R A D DH A ) f o r c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n es s ! T h is e s s e n ce is r eit e r ated b y s ai n t s fr o m all ov e r t h e w o r ld a n d f r o m all r eli g i on s a n d in te r m s o f r e m e m b e r i n g t h e c o s m i c c on s c i ou s n e ss t h r oug h r e p etit i o n o f a n a m e o f G o d NAM A SM A R A N, o r O M K A R acc o r d i n g to t h at t r a d iti o n o r r eli g i o n Wh a t r o le i s pl ay ed by f oo d ( A H A R), yog a t ech n iq u es a nd pen a nce (YA J N A , T A P A a nd DAN A ), c o m m i t t ed c o n v ic t i o n ( S H RAD D H A ) e t c.; d e s cr i bed i n 1 7 t h ch a p t er ( a p a rt fr o m 4 t h a nd 6 t h a l s o )? I n 17 t h c h a p ter t h e r e i s e xp la n ati o n a bou t t h r ee t y p e s o f , ( s al i e n t a s p ec t s o f b e h a v i o r ) f o r t h e b e n e f it o f an i nd i v i du al in s ea r ch o f t r u t h ! T h e s k etc h y d e s c r i p ti o n g i v es b r o ad gu i d a n ce a bou t p r i n ci p les o f b e h a v i o r u s e f u l in i nd i v i du al a n d g l o b al b l o ss o m i n g a n d g l ob al po licy m a k i ng !

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I n esse n ce, t h e S H R A DHA a n d c on se q u e n t e nd ea vo r s a r e d i ff e r e n tiated acc o r d i n g to t h e G UNAS. SA T V A t y p e w o r s h ip d i v i n it y , R AJA t y p e w o r s h ip a f f l u e n ce, m a g ic a n d e v en d e v ili s h f o r c e s a n d T A M A t y p e w o r s h ip e v il s p i r i t s a n d d ead bod ie s . SA T V A t y p e eat t h e f oo d c ondu ci v e to i nn er b l o s s o m i n g a n d e n li gh te n m e n t ( u s u ally fr e s h , s w eet a n d e m po w e r i n g f o r tit ud e), R A J A t y p e eat f oo d c ondu ci v e to m u lti p ly t h e v i go r a n d i nd i s c r i m i n ate d e s i r e s ( u s u al l y s p icy a n d ho t, i n cl ud i n g s o m e t y p e s o f no n - v e g eta r ian f ood ) f o ll o wed b y ill e ff ects, a n d T AMA t y p e li k e s t a l e, f e r m e n te d , r o tte n , s ti nk i n g (e. g . s o m e t y p e s o f c h e e s e a n d f i s h ) lea d i n g to f u r t h er i gno r a n ce, o r du ll n es s . SA T V A p e r f o r m YAJNA a p r o ce du r e to i nvok e c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss f o r s at i s f a cti on , R A J A t y p e f o r p etty pu r s u i t s a n d s o ci o - po litical g ai n s f o r p r e s ti g e a n d a c cla i m a n d T A MA t y p e d o it ( f o r e v en w o r s e pu r po s e s ) a n d wit hou t a dh e r i n g to t h e p r o ce du r e, a n d wit hou t a n y i n te r e s t , c on ce r n a n d e xp e nd it u r e! T h e pu r it y , d ece n c y , h u m i lity o f bod y a n d c ondu ct, wi t h r e s p e ct to d ei t y , teac h e r s a n d e n li g h te n ed i nd i v i d u als is c alled S HA R EE R T AP A . T h e a pp r op r iate a n d b e n e vo le n t d ial o g u e a n d s t ud y o f t h e n a t u r e i s cal l ed VAN G MA Y A ( r e l ated to i n telli g e n ce a n d s p eec h ) T AP A. T h e ob s e r v a n ce o f a b s t i n e n ce f r o m s p ee c h ( unn eces s a r y t a l k , go s sip o r a n y k i n d o f i m pu l s i v e e xp r e s s i on s), o n t h e on e h a n d a n d e xp e r ie n ce o f nob le f eeli n g a n d t h e e xp r es s i o n o f t h is nob le f eeli n g a n d s e l f l e ss l ov e; i s called M ANAS T APA. O u t o f t h e s e; T A P A wit hou t a n y p et t y e xp ectati on s i s c alled SA T V I K A, with e xp ectati on s o f s o ci o - po litical o r s o m e o t h er g ai n s is c alled R A J A S

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a n d with f a n atic e nd ea vo r s with m a la f ied i n te n ti on s o f h a r m i n g t h e o t h e r s i s called T A MAS T A P A. DANA i.e. don ati on s ( ca s h , o r k i nd ) a r e a l s o ca t e go r ize d . T hu s w h en g i v en s e l f l e s s l y a s a p a r t o f S W AD H A R MA i t i s S A T V I K, g i v en with d i s c o m f o r t du e to e x ces s i v e l ov e f o r m on e y , with i n te n t i on s to e x t r act e x ces s i v e b e n e f i t s is R AJAS a n d w h e n g i v en at w r on g p lace, to w r on g p e r s o n ( obv i ou s ly with ill i n te n ti on s ) it is called T A M A S. At t h e e n d it i s s u mm a r ized (e ndo r sed a n d r eite r ated b y s ai n t s fr o m all ov er t h e w o r ld a n d f r o m all r eli g i on s) t h at e v e r y ac t i v ity s hou ld b e g in a n d e n d in t h a nk f u l r e m e m b r a n ce o f t h e n a m e o f G o d ( c alled NAM A SM A R AN o r O M K A R ) s y m b o lizi n g c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss ( f r o m W h o m , e v e r y t h i n g is bo r n )! I t i s a l s o c l a r i f ied t h at; i f i n telli g e n ce, e m o ti on s, i n s ti n c t s a n d bod y a r e no t i n te g r ated a n d no t f o c u s ed in t o t a lity (S H R A DDH A ) o n c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s , t h e n t h e p r o cess o f b l o ss o m i n g a n d e n li gh te n m e n t i s j e op a r d ize d . I t i s e s s e n tial to a pp r eciate t h at Gita c a r e s f o r a n d nu r t u r es t h e un i v e r s e s! T h e r e f o r e t h e r e i s a c on s i d e r a t i o n a bou t w h y p e op le b e h a v e in away t h ey m a y no t li k e! T h e ph y s i o l og ical i m p u l s e s w h en u n c on t r o lla b le ( K AM A ) b l u r t h e c on s ci ou s n ess a n d a n t i - n at u r al b e h a v i o r r e s u l t s as e xp lai n ed in 3 r d c h a p te r ! He n ce we f i n d c h a o s a n d i nd i s c r i m i n ate v i o l e n ce t o wa r d s s e l f a n d o t h e r s . T h e s e p e op le i nvo l v e d in t h e s e a n t i - n at u r al a n d a n ti h u m an a cti v itie s ; m a y no t h eed a n d f o ll o w G i ta a s t h ey a r e no t in a po s iti o n to li s ten a n d und e r s ta nd . B u t it i s f o r t h e l e a d e r s to und e r s ta n d a n d f o ll o w. T h e y s hou ld c r eate an e n v i r o n m e n t c ondu ci v e to b etter c on t r o l o f t h e un a b ated ph y s i o l og ical u r g e s , w h ich can b e d e s t r u cti v e to i nd i v i du als a n d t h e s o ciet i es.

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T h e gu i d a n ce a bo u t f oo d (AH A R ) a n d v a r i ou s tec hn i qu es (V I HA R ) d e s c r i b e d in 4 t h , , 6 t h a n d al s o in 17 t h c h a p ter m ay a l s o no t b e acc e s s i b le to all in t h e p r ese n t s it u ati on . B u t t h i s gu i d a n ce is a l s o m ea n t f o r t ho s e w h o und e r s ta n d a n d lead t h e s o ci e ti e s ; w o r ld ov e r . T h e y h a v e to d e s i g n p la n s a n d po licies to m a k e s u ch f oo d a v aila b l e w h ich w ou ld b l o ss o m i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial c on s ci o u s n ess. T h e gu i d a n ce a bou t c on f u s i o n (S A MM O HA), doub t (SA M SHA Y A) o r lack o f c o m m i tted c onv icti o n (ASH R ADDH A ) in 3 r d 4 t h , 7 t h , 9 t h , 1 6 t h , 1 7 t h a n d 1 8 t h c h a p te r s m a y a pp e a r h a r s h , as t h e r e i s wa r n i n g t h at i f we g et t r a pp ed a n d ca r r ied aw a y b y t h e s e qu alitie s , t h en we w ou ld ca u se ou r o wn a s w ell a s o t h e r s’ do w n f all. B u t t h is d i s e a s e o f c on f u si on , doub t a n d c o m m itted c o n v icti o n c r eat e s a c h asm b etween ou r l o wer c on sci ou s n e ss a n d u s a n d g e t s r e f lec t ed in i nd i v i du al a n d s o cial li f e, all ov er t h e w o r l d , a n d h e n ce m u s t b e d ia gno s ed a n d wa r n ed a bou t! B u t on e m u st r e m e m b er t h at Gita no t on ly d ia gno s e s b u t al s o p r ov i d es t h e s o l u ti o n a n d a d e f i n ite a s s u r a n ce t h at i f w e f o c u s o n ou r o wn h i gh e s t c on s ci ou s n e ss i. e . ou r t r u e s e l f ; t h en we all fr o m all ov er t h e w o r ld w ou ld ce r tai n ly b e f r e ed f r o m all t h e m i se r i e s. I n 18 t h c h a p ter m a n y po i n ts fr o m p r e v i ou s c h a p te r s a r e r e p eated a n d e m ph a s i zed a g ain i n a k i n d o f u s e f u l s u m m a r y . T hu s t er m s s u ch as SAN Y ASA, T Y A GA, J N AN A , K A R M A , KA R T A , K A R ANA S , AD H I S H T HA N , KA R T A, K A R A N , C H E S H T A, D A I V A, J N A NA, J N EY AM, P A R I JNA TA , K A R AN A M, K A R M A , KA R T A , B U D DH I , D H R I TI , SU K HA M , BR AHM A NA, KASH AT R I Y A, VA I S H YA, a n d S HU D R A a r e e xp lai n e d . W h at I und e r s t a n d a n d d e du ce, f r o m t h e s e i s a s f o ll o w s .

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SANY A SA i s g i v i n g u p all acti v ities o f p er s on al d e s i r e s. SA N YASA i s i nv a r ia b ly a s s o cia t ed with d e d icati o n to c o s m ic c o n s ci ou s n e s s . SANY A SA i s as s o ciated with re s pon s i b ility o f t h e w ho le w o r l d , no t j u s t on e ’ s f a m i l y . S AN YASI is no t t h e s a m e a s an i n e r t a n d i ndo le n t c r eat u r e i n ca p a b le o f ea r n i n g . He i s no t a pop p er o r a b e gg a r . So b e s i d e s r e nun ciati on , un i o n with c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss (Y OG A) i s i n s e p a r a b le fr o m SA N YAS A . T YA G A i s g i v i n g u p all r e s u lts o r fr u its o f acti on s. Acc o r d i n g to Gita, t h e acti v iti e s p r esc r i b ed in sc r i p t u r e s f o r c o m m o n we l f a r e s hou ld b e p e r f o r m ed wit hou t u lte r i o r m o ti v es o r e xp ectati on s. T h is i s e s p ecial l y t r u e t od a y , w h en p e tty s e l f i s hn ess i s d i v i d i n g t h e w o r l d , i nd i v i du ali s m i s i s o lati n g t h e i nd i v i d u als a n d f a n atici s m in on e f o r m o r t h e o t h er i s p e r p et u ati n g v ic i ou s n ess a n d d e s t r u cti on . I t m a y b e clear t h at SA N Y A SA, T YA G A a n d YOGA a r e no t s e p a r ate fr o m ; bu t act u ally t h e m o s t e s s e n tial a s p ec t s o f m a i n s t r e a m l i f e. N I Y A T A K A R M A m e a n s all a cti v ities i n cl ud ed in d aily a n d s e a s on al o r cale nd ar r ou ti n e f o r un i v e r s a l we l f a re . I f an i nd i v i du al a b a ndon s t h e m b eca u s e o f p etty d i s t r acti on s o r b eca u s e o f i ndo le n ce, t h en it i s cal l ed T A M AS T YA G A. A b a ndon i n g t h e acti v ities ou t o f f e a r o f bod ily d i s c o m f o r t (l o ss o f m on e y ) i s cal l ed R A J A S T YA G A a n d do es no t lead to i nd i v i d u al a n d g l ob al b l o ss o m i ng . T hu s f o r sa k i n g t h e f r u i t s a n d p e r f o r m i n g acti on s ( S W A DH A R M A) i s called S A T V I KA T YA G A. T hu s a p e r s o n f o l l o wi n g S W A D H A R MA do e s no t g i v e v al u e o r i m p o r ta n ce to t h e n at u r e o f t h e w o r k a n d h e n ce is fr e e o f c o n f u s i o n a n d doub t s .

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E v e r y acti v i t y h a s s o m e c o m pon e n ts v iz. AD H I S H T H A NA t h e s p ace o r a r ea o r f ield o f act i v it y , KA R T A t h e i nd i v i d u al c on s ci ou s n e ss op e r ati ng , K A R AN t h e m e a n s , C H E S H T A t h e a ct u al d y n a m ic s a n d DA I V A, w h ich m e a n s t h e un seen e nv i r o n m e n tal f o r c es i n f l u e n ci n g t h e ou tc o m e. J N A NA, J N E Y A M a n d P A R I JN AT A ( kno wle dg e, ob ject o f kno wle dg e a n d kno wer r e s p e c ti v el y ) a r e t h e c on t r o l m e c h a n i s m s b r i ng i n g a b o u t acti on s e . g . n e u r oph y s i o l og ical c on t r o ls a n d K A R AN, K A R MA K A R T A ( m ea n s o r t oo l s , acti o n p r op er a n d do e r ) c o n s ti t u te t h e act u al c o m pon e n ts o f a ct i on s . J N A NA i s cl a s s i f i ed as T A MA S I K ( f a n atic a n d b li nd ), R A J A S I K ( r ati on al a n d a n a l y tical bu t secta r ia n ) a n d SA T V I K ( un i fy i n g a n d ho li s tic). K A R MA a l s o i s S A T V I K (se l f l e ss S W A D H A R MA), R A J A S (acti on s p e r f o r m ed v e h e m e n tly with i nd i v i du ali s tic pu r s u i t s ) a n d T A M AS (w o r k b e gu n wit hou t t ho ugh t o r c on s cie n ce a n d s e n s e o f p r opo r ti on ; a n d u s u ally to h a r m on e s e l f o r t h e o t h e r s ). K A R T A ( do e r ) i s al s o S A T V I K ( s e l f les s , h u m b l e, buoy a n t, e n t hu s i a s tic a n d s tea d f a s t a n d c ou r a g e ou s i rr e s p e c ti v e o f s u cc e ss o r f ail u r es b eca u s e o f s t r e ng th o f c onv icti on ), R A J AS ( m o ti v ated b y v e s t ed i n te r e s t s a n d h e n ce h a r bo r i n g u lte r i o r m o ti v es a n d v i o le n t a n d v acillati n g in e x cit e m e n t a n d d e p r es s i on ) a n d TA MAS (i gno r a n t, un s k ille d , du ll, c r ook e d , v ici ou s , c y n ical, m e l a n c ho lic a n d let h a r g ic). B U DD H I (w i s d o m ) a l s o i s S A T V I K ( d i s ce r n s d e s i r a b le a n d und e s i r a b le a n d fr ee d o m a n d bond a g e), R A JAS (ca nno t d i s ce r n a n d h e n ce m i si n te r p r e t s d e s ir a b le a n d und e s i r a b le) a n d T AM A S ( b l und e r ou s a n d d i s a s t r ou s in e v e r y r e s p ect).

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D H R I T I ( f o r tit ud e ) a l s o i s S A T V I K (c o m p o s ed a n d i n t e g r ated in e v e r y r e s p e ct a n d f o c u s e d c o m p l e tely o n c o s m ic c o n s ci ou s n e s s ), R A J A S (i nvo l v ed in v a r i o u s a cti v iti e s f o r p et t y g ai n s) a n d T A M AS ( f u ll o f s l u m b e r , n i gh t m ar e s , a n d bou ts o f s a dn e s s a n d a r r og a n ce a n d s h ac k li n g t h e i nd i v i du al in e v e r y wa y ). SUKH A M ( h a pp i n es s ) a l s o i s S A T VI K (i n itial l y unp le a s a n t bu t s ub s e qu e n tly b e n e vo le n t), R AJAS ( i n itially p le a s a n t d u e to i ndu l g e n ce in ob j ec t s o f p leas u r e bu t latter p r ec i p itati n g m i se r y du e to l o ss o f t ho s e ob j ec t s o r du e to t h eir ill e ff ec t s ) a n d T A M AS ( on e w h ich c r eat e s s l u m b e r , p e r v e r s i on , bond a g e a n d d e s t r u cti on ). B R A H M A NA, K S HA T R I YA, V A I S HYA a n d SHU D R A c on s tit u te d i f f e r e n t a p tit ud es a n d c on s tit u ti on s , s u ita b le f o r i n tellect u al a n d e n li gh te n i n g acti v itie s , lea d e r s h ip a n d b r a v e m ilit ar y acti v it y , t r a d i ng , re a r i n g cattle a n d f a r m i ng ; a n d p atie n t a n d s u s t ai n ed p r ov i s i o n o f se r v i c e s ; r e qu i r i n g d i f f er e n t s k il l s r e s p ecti v el y . S W A DH A R MA i. e. act with c o m p l et e d e d icati o n a n d s e l f le s s i nvo l v e m e n t f o r i nd i v i du al a n d g l o b a l b l o s s o m i n g (t h r o ug h gu i d a n ce fr o m sc r i p t u r e s o r fr o m i nn er vo ice t h r oug h NAMSM A R A N) h el p s u s r et u r n t o wa r d s ou r r oo t i.e. c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e s s , e v en if ou r a p tit ud e a n d s k ills m ay a pp ear to b e i n f e r i o r t o t ho s e o f o t h e r s ! ! L o r d K r i s hn a e xp l ai n s t h at f o ll o wi n g S W AD H A R MA i s i t s e l f t h e u lt i m ate r ew a r d in li f e a n d e v e r y t h i n g else i s bo r n ou t o f i gno r a n ce a nd / o r p etti n ess a n d h e n ce c oun te r p r odu cti v e i.e. ta k i n g u s a w ay f r o m ou r r oo t! I n t h e l a s t f ew v er ses He a s k s A r j un a r e p eate d ly to f o c u s o n t h e t r u e s e l f i.e. c os m ic c o n s ci o u s n ess a n d no t g et d i s t r ac t ed b y a n y o t h er s ub j ecti v e i d e o l og ical, m et hodo l og ical o r s up e r stiti ou s c on s i d e r ati on s ( SA R VA

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DH A R M AN PA R IT Y A JYA) a n d a s s u r e s ; in f act p le dg es t h at He w ou ld li b erate Ar j un a o f all bond a g es (P AP A)! A r j un a und e r s ta n d s a n d a g r e e s to f o l l o w L o r d K r i s hn a i. e. c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss in t h e s t r ugg le o f l i f e ! Sa n j a y , t h e n a r r at o r , in t h e e c s t a s y o f h a v i n g h ea r d t h is d ial ogu e a n d r e m e m b e r ed t h e s t unn i n g ly g l o r i ou s p e r s on a o f L o r d K r i s hn a; d ec l a r e s h is op i n i o n t h at u n i o n o f i nd i v i du al c on s ci ou s n ess ( Ar j u n a) a n d c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss (K r i s hn a) i s i tse l f t h e u lt i m ate v ict o r y in e v e r y p o ss i b le wa y . AD D E N D A N O V EMB E R 25 , 200 9 0 3 : 0 0 P M As I h ad m e n ti on ed ea r lie r , f o r it i s s u ita b le to k eep o n w r iti n g o n Gita as a n d w h en it a pp ea r s in m i nd , r at h e r t h an m e c h a n ical l y s tic k i n g to t h e s e qu e n ce o f c h a p te r s. He n ce a f t e r , I h a v e “ f i n i s h e d ” w r i t i n g o n t h e c on te n t o f 1 8 c h a p te r s , no w I a m a g a i n s t a r ti n g to a d d t h e a dd e nd a! I n c h a p ter 3 , L o r d K r i s hn a e xp r e s ses His c on ce r n a bou t t h e c o m m o n p e op le, w h o f o ll o w t h e r e pu ted i nd i v i du als in t h e s o c i et y ! E v en as t h is i s g r o s s l y t r u e; t h is is an obv i ou s s tat e m e n t . I n a dd iti o n to t h is obv i ou s m e a n i ng , L o r d K r i s hn a a pp ea r s to i m p l y t h at; in a n y s y st e m ; t h e c on t r o l m ec h a n i s m s o r t h e r e gu lati n g ce n te r s o r t h e h i gh er ce n te r s a r e f o ll o w e d b y r e s t o f t h e c o m pon e n t p a r t s. T h i s i s t r u e f o r t h e w ho le un i v e r s e, s o ciety a n d t h e h u m a n bod y al s o . I n o t h er w o r d s ; t h e h i gh er s e l f o f an i nd i v i d u al h as t h e r e s pon s i b ili t y to b e h a v e in t un e with t h e c o s m ic c o n s c i ou s n ess s o t h at r e s t o f t h e c on s ci ou s n e ss t r a p p ed in t h e bod y s y s t e m s a l s o c an f o l l o w t h e s u it e .

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S i m il a r l y , t h e po si t i o n o f t h e l ea d e r s i n t h e d i ff e r e n t f ie l d s in s o cie t y i s t h at o f t h e h i gh er c e n te r s in t h e h u m a n b o d y . T h ey m u s t f o ll o w S W A DH A R MA so t h at t h e w ho le s o ciety g e t s gu i d a n ce a n d li v es in o r d e r , un ity a n d h a r m on y . I f t h e l e a d e r s m i s b e h a v e, t h en t h e s o c i ety i s bou n d to p e r i s h . T h is a pp lies to h u m a n bod y a l s o . I f t h e h i gh er ce n te r s i n t h e h u m an bod y g et d e r a ng ed t h en t h e w ho le bod y w ou ld g o in d i s a rr a y . Wh a t i s K A R M A M U KT I o r B AN D H A M U KT I ? I s e e m to und e r s t a n d t h at t h is i s no t h i n g el s e bu t t h e fr e e d o m o f ou r c on s ci ou s n e ss fr o m t h e s h ac k li n g i n f l u e n ce o f b i oph y sical, b i o c h e m i cal a n d ph y s i o l og ical acti v ities. T h i s i s po s si b le t h r oug h li nk i n g with t h e c o s m i c c on sci ou s n es s , b y a n c ho r i n g to t h e n a m e o f t h at c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e ss cal l ed NA M A a n d r e m e m b e r i n g t h e N AMA (cal l ed NAM A SM A R AN) is f o c u s i n g o n a n d g etti n g li nk ed a n d g r a du ally m e r g ed w ith t h e c o s m i c c on s c i ou s n e s s ! I n Gi t a L o r d K r i s hn a i s t h e c o s m i c c on sci ou s n es s . N O V EMB E R 26 , 2009 , 09 :4 5 AM H o w c a n T Y G A be s uperi o r t o D H Y N A? I n 12 t h c h a p ter t h e r e is v e r s e, in w h i c h t h e r e i s a cla r i f i c ati o n a bou t t h e c u l m i n ati on ; o f s t ud y i n to kno wle dg e o r w i s d o m , o f w i s d o m i n to c o m p o s u r e o f m i n d (DH Y AN A ), o f DHYA N A i n to K A R M A PH A L A T YAGA i.e. d etac h m e n t fr o m t h e r e s u lts o f acti on s ; a n d o f K A R M A P HA L A T Y A GA i n t o p eace. I u s ed to w ond e r ; ho w s i m p l e d etac h m e n t fr o m r e s u l t s o r f r u i t s o f acti on s c ou ld b e s up e r i o r s ta g e j u s t p e nu lt i m a t e to p eace i.e. s up e r i o r to DHYA N A o r c on t e m p lati o n o f c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss o r t r u e s el f ! T h e d etac h m e n t a pp ea r ed s i m p le a n d p e r t ai n i n g to m und a n e i nd i v i du al

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e xp e r ie n ce. M o r e o v e r , s i m p l y g etti n g d etac h ed f r o m on e r e s u lt o f on e acti on ; c ou ld no t a pp ear to e ndo w p e r m a n e n t p ea c e, b e ca u s e on e c ou ld p e r f o r m i nn u m e r a b le acti on s a n d e a c h t i m e t h e qu e s ti o n o f d etac h m e n t w ou ld a r i s e . I t i s cl e ar ho we v e r , no w, t h at t h e d et a c h m e n t h a s f a r d e e p er a n d c o s m ic m e a n i ng . I f a n d w h en I r e al i ze t h at t h at I a m a p a r t o f c os m ic c o n s ci ou s n e ss a n d K A R MA i s act u al l y t h e m a n i f e s t ati o n o f t h e un i v e r s e, t h en I r ealize t h at d etac h m e n t i s a ct u ally no t fr o m p er s on al acti on s , bu t f r o m t h e un i v e r s al acti o n o f t h e c o s m i c c on s ci ou s n e s s ! S ec ond ly t h e d etac h m e n t i s no t fr o m on e o r a no t h er acti on , bu t it i s f r o m all p o s si b le ac t i on s o f i nd i v i du al c on s ci o u s n ess i n cl ud i n g all s u b j ecti v e r ea l m s u ch i n tellect u al, e m o ti on al, i n s ti n c t u al a n d ph y s ical f e eli ng s a n d acti on s. I t a l s o i n cl ud es all t h e phy s i o l og ical, b i o c h e m ic a l a n d b i oph y s ical a c ti on s go i n g n o in on e ’ s bod y o r r at h er b ei ng ! L a s t bu t no t t h e lea s t; it i n c l ud es p eac e f u l a n d l ov i n g r e nun c i ati o n o f e v e r y t h i n g s u b j ecti v e in n at u r e a n d e v en t h e bod y at t h e e nd ! O n ce t h is m e a n i n g b ec o m e s c l ea r , it b ec o m e s cle a r ho w DH Y NA c u l m i n at e s i n to K A R MA P HA L A T Y AGA a n d ho w K A R M A PH A L A T YAGA c u l m i n at e s i n to o r s ub l i m at e s i n to p eace! K A R M A PH A L A T YAGA h e r e i s r ea l ly t h e MU K T I o r l i b e r ati o n a n d it is bu t a pp r op r iate t h at it i s a s s o ciated with p eace. C a n t he a ll bene v o lent L o rd p u n i s h ? I n 16 t h c h a p te r , t h e r e a r e v e r s e s, i nd i c ati n g t h e f r u it o f h ati n g t h e c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n e ss ( L o r d K r i s hn a) in t e r m s o f go i n g i n to a b y s m al b i r t h s a n d m i se r a b le e n d ( GA TI ). T h e m e a n i n g o f t h e s e v e r s e s a p p ea r ed to i nd icate t h e c on s e qu e n ces o f on e ’ s acti on s a n d s o m e w h at pun iti v e n at u r e o f t h e

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L o r d ! T h i s a pp ea r e d in c on t r a s t to t h e k i n d a n d b e n e vo l e n t n at u r e o f L o r d , s o m u ch e m ph a s ized b y m a n y s ai n t s . T h is a pp ea r ed i n e x p lica b le, w h en on e pond e r e d ov er t h e v e r s e s i n 6 t h a n d 9 t h c h a p t e r s s tati n g t h at e v en a si nn er o f w o r s t k i n d g e t s li b e r ati o n a n d in v e r s e 1 8 t h c h a p te r ; s tati n g t h at I SH A VR r e s i d e s in e v er y h ea r t a n d gov e r n s a n d m ob ili z ed t h e li v i n g b ei ng s . N o w it a pp ea r s t h at t h e v e r s e s in 16 t h c h a p ter r e l ate to t h e e g o o f a p e r s o n w h o s e p a r a tes h i m / h er f r o m t h e c o s m ic c o n s ci o u s n ess a n d h e n ce m a k e s on e a r r og a n t a n d h ate h is o r h e r o wn c onn ecti o n with t h e c o s m ic s e l f ! I n s u ch a c ond iti on , t h e L o r d p r ob a b ly i m p li e s t h at h e o r s h e w ou ld k eep o n r e v e r b e r a t i n g in h is o r h er o wn s e p a r ated a n d h e n ce p ai n f u l, m i se r a b le a n d h el p less s t a te. I f y o u e xp e r ie n ce t h e m i g h t o f t h e s h ac k li n g e go , y o u w ou ld a g r ee with t h i s ! H o we v e r , a f t er c o m i n g i n to c on tact with Gita a n d g etti n g i m m e r sed in Gita; h e o r s h e w ou ld b e g in to r e o r ie n t h i m s el f o r h e r se l f with t h e tr u e s e l f o r c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n ess a n d p eace. T h is a l s o y o u w ou ld a g r ee i f a n d w h en y o u e xp e r ie n ce! N O V EMB E R 26 , 2009 , 02 :0 0 P M Wh a t i s e qu a n i m i t y ? I n 9 t h c h a p te r , L o r d s a y s t h at f o r h i m e v e r y on e i s e qu al a n d He n eit h er l ov e s n o r h ates (in a p e r s o n al m a nn e r ) a n y on e. T h is u s ed b e r at h er p e r p le x i ng , o n t h e b ac kg r oun d t h at He s a y s t h at H e w ou ld pun i s h t ho s e w h o h ate H i m ! M o r e ov er it a pp ea r ed a b s u r d to e qu ate goo d a n d b ad p e op le! I no w und e r s ta n d t h at e v en as L o r d c an s ee t h e un ity o f t h e un i v e r s e a n d t h e un i v e r s e b ei n g p r e s e n t in H i m a n d He b ei n g p r e s e n t i n e v e r y h e a r t, we d o no t e xp e r ie n ce t h is d i v i n ity r e s i d i n g in e v e r y h ea r t , b eca u se we d o no t s ee it in ou r o wn h ea r t! He n ce d u e ou r p e r s on al b i a s e s a n d

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s ub j e cti v ity we s e e i nd i v i du als (i n cl ud i n g ou r s el v e s ) a s good , b a d , s i m p l e, s h r e w d , c u nn i ng , c r ook e d , v i ci ou s , v i nd icti v e, g u lli b le, h ealt h y , s ic k , h a ppy , m i s e r a b le etc. Gita i m p l ie s t h at it is n at u r al f o r e v e r y on e to e vo l v e in t h is r ealizati o n ( b eca u s e t h e L o r d r esi d es in e v e r y h e a r t); w h ich t h e L o r d s h a r e s with A r j un a. All t h e m e a n s d e s c r i b ed n G i ta ( s u ch a s N A MA SM A R A N a n d m a n y o t h e r s no t d i r ect l y a n d ela bo r a t ely d e s c r i b ed in G i ta) ta k e u s to t h is r ealizati on . H o w a re SAN YA SA a nd Y O G A i n t errel a t e d? I n 5 t h c h a p te r , it i s s aid t h at SAN Y A S A i s no t po s s i b le w it hou t YOGA (SAN Y ASA S T U MAH A B AHO D U KKH A MA P T U M AYOG A T A H…). T h is i m p li e s t h at S ANYA S A a n d a ss o ciated p eace d e vo id o f v acillat i on s i s po s s i b le i f t h e is l ov i n g bo n d (YOG A ) i s p r e s e r v e d . R e nun ciati o n with c on t e m p t o r h at r ed i s no t t r u e SA N YASA a n d no t as s o ciated with p eace! I f y o u h a v e s ub tle d i s li k e f o r y o u s pou s e a n d y o u d eci d e to s e p a r ate, t h en t h at is no t SA NYASA in t r u e s e n s e o r r e nun ciati o n in t r u e s e n s e! I t is m e r ely a r eacti o n o f h a t r e d ! C onv e r sel y , Y O G A in t r u e s e n s e is bon d o f l ov e with a b s o l u tely n o e xp ectati on s . Y O G A i s b ei n g f r e e fr o m i . e. r e noun ci n g e v e r y p o s s i b le s ub j e cti v e c on s i d e r ati on ! I f y o u li k e y ou r s p ou s e s o m u ch t h at y o u ca nno t b ear t h e t h o ugh t o f h i s / h er s e p a r ati on , t h en o r y o u e xp ect s o m e t h i n g fr o m h i m / h er t h en bon d o f l ov e i s no t YO G A o r ob jecti v e i m p e r s on al l ov e! T hu s ; h at r ed a n d s ub j ecti v e at t ac h m e n t; a r e r e s pon s i b le f o r m ea n , p et t y , p r e j ud ice d , i n a pp r op r iate, un j u s t a n d s u ici d al o r s o ci a lly h a r m f u l

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acti on s ; w h ich a r e f o ll o wed b y p e r v er s i o n a nd / o r bond a g e a n d s u ff e r i ng ! T h is ho l d s t r u e f o r e v e r y k i n d o f s u b jecti v e h at r ed a n d l ov e. L o r d teac h e s u s t h at r e noun ci n g p er se is no t t r u e s a c r i f i ce with ob jecti v e p e r s p ecti v e i.e. S A NYASA a n d g etti n g po ss e s s ed p e r s e; is no t ob j ecti v e l ov e o r YO G A. I n t h e c ou r se o f e vo l u ti o n y o u r i s e a bov e t h is k i n d o f h a t r ed o r s ub j e cti v e att a c h m e n t. Y o u lea r n a n d r ealize t h e r h y t h m o f li f e. Y o u lea r n to e n j o y t h e s up r e m e l ov e a n d s up r e m e s a c r i f i ce o b j ecti v e l y . T hu s S A NY A SA i s r i s i n g a bov e all t h e s ub jecti v e fr a m ew o r k a n d g etti n g f r eed fr o m it; a n d YO G A i s t h e a b s e n ce o f r e s e n t m e n t a n d p r e s e n ce o f l ov i n g f u l f il l m e n t (wit hou t a n y e xp ectati o n s ) w h ile y o u a r e r i s i ng ! F u r t h e r ; it b ec o m e s c l ea r , t h at j u s t a s SANY A SA i .e. t r u e r e nun ciati on ; is i m po s s i b le wit h ou t YOGA i .e. bo n d o f o b j ecti v e l ov e, s i m i l a r l y ; t h e YOGA t h e bon d o f ob j e c ti v e l ov e is no t po s s i b l e wit hou t SAN YA SA i. e . r e noun ci n g all i d e a s , i d ea l s , a m b iti on s , a i m s, o b j ecti v e s a n d o t h er p r e o cc up ati on s ; b o r n o u t o f s ub j e cti v e fr a m e w o r k o f m i nd ! I n o t h er w o r d s , r i s i n g i n to ob j ecti v ity is t r u ly a s e l f ( s u b jecti v e) l e ss ( d etac h m e n t a n d S ANYA S A) a n d t r u ly l ov i n g ( un i o n with t h e c o s m ic s e l f i. e . ob jecti v e l ov e, o r Y O GA) ac t ! I t h a s b een r e p eat e d ly s aid t h at N A M ASM A RAN c an h elp in t h i s ! Wh a t i s i m p o r t a n ce o f S A T V A G U NA w i t h r e f eren c es t o 6 t h , 7 t h a nd 9 t h ch a p t e r s ?

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is s aid in 6 t h c h a p ter t h at s e l f c on t r o l ( m od e r ati on ) h el p s an i nd i v i du al to attain YO G A. B u t in 6 t h , 7 t h a n d 9 t h c h a p te r s it i s a l s o s a id t h at t ho s e w h o w o r s h ip m e c an at t ain m e i r r e s p ec t i v e o f t h eir c ondu ct. I t h i n k it r e f e r s to t h e f act t h at in g e n e r al S A T VA G UN A i s n ear to r e v elati o n o f t r u t h . B u t t h at i s no t al w a y s a pp a r e n t a n d p e r ce p ti b le to c o m m o n m a n ’ s e y e. H e n ce it i s a l s o s aid t h at L o r d ’ s d e vo tee i n s ta n tly b ec o m e s on e with L o r d a s s tated in 9 t h a n d 11 t h c h a p te r s ! ! T h is s t at e m e n t o f Gita i s p a r t ic u la r l y v ali d ated b y t h e b e h a v i o r o f AVA L I YA S , w h o a r e non c on f o r m i s t r ealized s ou ls s u ch as Sat a m Ma h a r a j, G a ja n an Ma h a r a j etc. N O V EMB E R 27 , 2009 , 3 : 4 5 P M W a s A r j un a w a s a ct u ally r i gh t in r e n oun ci n g t h e war as h e s t ated at t h e e n d o f t h e 1 st c h a p ter i t s e l f , t h at h e w a s r ea d y to d ie wit h ou t o f f e r i n g a n y r esi s t a n ce r at h er t h an p a r tici p ati n g in t h e war f o r t h e sa k e o f w i nn i n g t h e k i ng d o m ? A pp a r e n tly I w a s a l s o in two m i nd s w h en I r ead f i r s t c h a p te r . B u t in t h e c ou r s e o f t i m e I r e alized t h at Ar j un a was k i n d a n d l ov i n g bu t g etti n g d e r ailed fr o m h i s d u ty t o wa r d s h i m se l f a n d t h e s o cie t y . I al s o r ealized t h at t ho s e j u s t i f ied a n d uph eld t h e v i e w po i n t o f A r j un a we r e t h e m sel v e s in t h e d il e m m a o f i d e n ti fy i n g t h e e n e m y a n d f i gh ti n g it! T h is i s a l s o b eca u s e o f g r o ss m i s c on ce p ti o n a bou t AH I MS A . I n m y e xp e r ie n c e, w h en y o u a r e no t s u r e a bou t t h e i d e n tity o f t h e e n e m y ; y o u a r e n o t c onv i n ced a bou t f i gh ti ng ! I n s ho r t A r j un a h a d no t i d e n ti f ied h i s t r u e s e l f a n d h e n ce h e h ad no t i d e n ti f ied t h e t r u e e n e m y a n d h e n ce was r el u cta n t to e n ter a n d p a r tici p ate in t h e wa r !

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W ith t h e p r a ctice o f N A MA S M A R A N; t h e n at u r e o f t h e e n e m y b ec o m e s cle a r a n d y o u b e g in to e n j o y p a r tici p ati n g in t h e war with e n e m y i n s i d e a n d ou t s i d e a s a m at t er o f p r i v ile g e o f S W A D H A R MA! H o w c a n w e rec o ncile t he idea o f K A R M AP H A L A T Y A G A a nd g e tt ing T Y A G A P H A L A? I t i s t r u e t h at in 18 t h c h a p ter t h e r e i s re f e r e n ce to no t g etti n g T Y A GA PHA L A b y R A J A SA T YAG A ! He r e t h e L o r d r e f e r s to t h e fr u it o r P HA L A w h ich li b e r ates u s f r o m all k i nd s o f e xp ectati o n s ! He n ce t h i s T Y AGA P HA L A i s q u ite d i ff e r e n t o r in f act qu ite oppo site o f KA R M A P H A L A w h ich lea d s t o bond a g e! N O V EMB E R 28 , 2009 , 7 : 3 0 AM Are t here 9 d oo rs (N A VA D WR A )? I n 5 t h c h a p ter t h e r e is r e f e r e n ce to 9 doo r s o f t h e bod y . T h is c on ce p t i s well kno w n . B u t i s t h is t r u e f o r f e m a l e s ? I t h a s to b e no te d , t h at in f e m al e s t h er e a r e 2 e y e s , 2 e a r s, 2 no s t r i l s , 1 m ou t h , 1 u r i n a r y op e n i n g 1 a n al o p e n i n g ( 9 ) doo r s bu t t h e r e is a l s o 1 m o r e doo r a n d t h at is g e n ital op e n i n g v iz. v a g i n a, m a k i n g 1 0 ‘ doo r s ’ to f e m ale bod y . I f e el t h at qu e s ti on i n g an a u t ho r ity i s no t i n s u lti n g t h e a u t ho r it y , bu t s ho wi n g c on f i d e n c e t h at y o u w ou ld b e h ea r d , a tte nd ed to a n d r e s pond ed t o ; p r op e r l y . N o t r ai s i n g doub ts is li k e b ei n g cl o s e d a n d al r ea d y p r e j ud iced t h at i f y o u qu e s ti on ; t h e a u t ho r ity w ou ld f e el o f f e nd e d , i n s u lted a n d o r m a y no t b e a b le to a n s w e r !

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T h is po i n t i s m i no r on e; with r e s p ect t o a n at o m y , bu t i n itially I w as f eeli n g i nh i b ited to r a i s e i t , b eca u s e o f t h e popu lar c on te n ti o n t h at s c r i p t u r es s hou ld n e v er b e doub te d . L ater I r e alized t h at b y r a i s i n g doub t s ; we d o no t r e du ce t h e i m po r ta n ce o f Gita; bu t s h o w t h at i n s p ite o f doub ts in te r m s o f m i nu ti a , t h e e s s e n c e o f Gi t a ta k e s u s fr o m ou r s ub j e cti v e fr a m e o f m i nd ; to t h e ob j e cti v e a n d c o s m ic c on s ci ou s n ess! H o w t o de a l w i t h o ur ins t in ct s ? O n e po i n t fr o m 2 nd c h a p ter i s a bou t t h e d e s c r i p ti o n o f t h e d ete r i o r ati o n (DH Y AY A TO V I SHAY A N… . ) o f a n i nd i v i du al d u e to e n t r a p m e n t in t h e d r a gg i n g i n s ti n ct u al f o r c e s. I f e el t h at a s t h e f e eli n g o f att r ac t i o n a bou t op p o s ite s ex is n at u r al, h a t r ed o f i t i s no t a dvo cated in Gita. W h at i s h i gh li gh ted i s ; ho w b y f o c u s i n g e x cl u s i v ely o n t h e i nn ate c o r e o f on e ’ s s e l f e . g . t h r oug h NNA M ASM A R AN, on e e xp e r ie n ces t h e s ub l i m ati o n o f m o s t d e s i re s ; e s p ecia l ly t h e s e xu al d e s i r e i n to s ub l i m e a n d r e s p ec t f u l l ov e! Ha t r ed a bou t o r sla v e r y o f i n s ti n ct s