logging in or signing up Lecture 06 Education Equality and Equity sunnasutta Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 2340 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (4) Dislike it (0) Added: March 08, 2009 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 1 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript EDUCATION EQUALITY AND EQUITY : EDUCATION EQUALITY AND EQUITY Slide 2: Equality - principle of fairness for the individual. Equality in education means every individual has an equal chance of success according to ability. Ed. equality is always achieved through meritocracy and contest mobility. Principle: “May the best person win”. Slide 3: Equity - principle of fair allocation for the group. Equity in education means every group should have a fair stake in education according to proportion. Ed. equity is not always achieved through meritocracy and contest mobility. Ed. equity is often achieved through affirmative action, i.e., reverse discrimination & sponsored mobility. Slide 4: E.g. of educational equality – Whoever has the best academic results deserves the best educational rewards or the best job. E.g. 1 of educational equity: There should be as many males and females enrolled in higher education because of the sex ratio – 1:1. E.g. 2 of educational equity: If the ratio of race A: race B = 4:1, then for every one of B enrolled in higher ed., there should be four of A. Slide 5: SES – Most important factor of ed. success. Coleman Report: schooling has little impact on academic success, mostly depends on pupil’s SES. In OECD countries, chances of earning a uni. degree correlated with parental qualification. Social inequity at school emerges from age 4-5, gap accelerates from primary to higher ed. Slide 6: Girls traditionally and for a very long time been disadvantaged and marginalized in education. The right of females for access to formal education is now enshrined in UDHR (1948). Gender inequity in education is narrowing – in both developed and developing countries. University enrolment in developed nations is now female dominated but NOT in the LDCs. However female dominance in higher education is largely confined to the humanities and ‘less glamorous’ professional degree programs. Slide 7: Generally, educational opportunities are in favour of urban dwellers compared to rural dwellers. Urban-rural divide highest in developing countries than developed countries – poverty factor. Malaysian dropout study – 90% of pupils from the poorest families dropped out compared to only 10% of pupils from the richest families. Findings of the dropout study prompted the Malaysian government to take affirmative action to redress imbalance. Slide 8: Universal trend – minority races disadvantaged compared to ethnic majority races. Main factor – poverty of minority races. Another factor – culture – Confucianism in the East Asian ‘tiger economies’. In some developed countries, affirmative action policies have been taken to help minority groups to achieve more equitable access in education. Malaysia is an example of a country where affirmative preferential policies in education are implemented in favour of the ethnic majority. Slide 9: 1. Attempts to achieve equality of educational opportunities may undermine the achievement of educational equity, and vice versa. 2. Affirmative discriminatory action to achieve educational equity in education may be counter-productive – leads to dependency syndrome. 3. Besides poverty, inequitable access to education may be caused by racism as well as differences in culture and intelligence. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.