Group 2- “ORGANIZING” : Group 2- “ORGANIZING” MEMBERS:
Abhaydeep Kumar Jha(068)
Himanshu Kumar(082) INTRODUCTION : INTRODUCTION Organizing is very important managerial function. If planning focuses on deciding what to do, organizing focuses on how to do it . Thus, after a manager has set goals and worked out a plan to accomplish those goals, the next managerial function is to organize people and allocate resources to carry out the plan. DEFINITION : DEFINITION “ To organize a business is to provide it with everything useful to its functioning – raw material, tools, capital and personnel.”
By Henri Fayol
“ Establishing the effective authority relationships among selected works, persons and work-places in order for the group to work together effectively.”
By G. R. Terry Slide 4: FORMAL AND INFORMAL ORGANIZATION Formal organization means the intentional structure of roles in a formally organized enterprise.
Informal organization is a network or personal and social relations not established or required by the formal organization but arising spontaneously as people associate with one another. Organization Structure : Organization Structure An organizational structure is a description of the types of coordination used to organize the actions of individuals and departments that contribute to achieving a common aim. Slide 6: “Organization structure is the formal pattern of interactions and coordination designed by management to link the tasks of individuals and groups of achieving organizational goals.”
By kathryn m. bartol & david c. martin Types of Organization System : Types of Organization System Burns & stalker distinguished between two organizational system :
Mechanistic System : The activities of the organization are broken down into separate, specialized tasks
Organic System : individuals are more likely to work in a group setting than alone Types of Organization Structure : Types of Organization Structure Line
Line vs. Staffing Line Organizational Structure : Line Organizational Structure Line organization is the traditional type of organization. It refers to a direct chain of command from top to bottom. Foreman A Foreman B Foreman C Line & Staff Organizational Structure : Line & Staff Organizational Structure Refers to a pattern in which line portion serves to maintain unity of command and discipline whereas the staff portion provides expert knowledge and advice in the solution of managerial problems. Forms of Organizational Structure : Forms of Organizational Structure Functional
Virtual Functional Organizational Structure : Functional Organizational Structure Under functional organizational structure each major or basic function is organized as a separate department Product Structure : Product Structure In product organization structure, every product is organized as a separate department Market/ Customer Organizational Structure : Market/ Customer Organizational Structure Divisions based on the types of customers . Geographic Structure : Geographic Structure Divisions based on the area of a country or world . Matrix Organizational Structure : Matrix Organizational Structure Matrix structure, sometimes referred to as a “multiple command system," that attempts to combine the benefits of both the functional as well as product structure while avoiding their drawbacks. Virtual Organizational Structure : Virtual Organizational Structure A special form of boundary less organization is virtual. It works in a network of external alliances, using the Internet. Delegation of Authority : Delegation of Authority “Delegation is the process a manager follows in dividing the work assigned to him so that he performs that part which only he, because of his unique organizational placement, can perform effectively, and so that he can get others to help him with what remains.”
By L.A. Allen Decentralization : Decentralization “Decentralization is the systematic effort to delegate to the lowest levels all authority ,except that which can be exercised at central points”.
By Louis allen Slide 20: Distinguish between Delegation and Decentralization Slide 22: Distinguish between Centralization and Decentralization CONTD.. : CONTD.. Span Of Control : Span Of Control Span of control means the number of subordinates that can be managed efficiently by a superior in an organization. It suggests how the relations are designed between a superior and a subordinate in an organization. Slide 25: Narrow Span Of Control:
Means a single manager or supervisor oversees few subordinates. This gives rise to a tall organizational structure.
Wide Span Of Control:
Means a single manager or supervisor oversees a large number of subordinates. This gives rise to a flat organizational structure.