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9/3/2011 1 BOOK REVIEW -

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9/3/2011 2

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Made By- Sumit Sapra Parichay Tayal 9/3/2011 3


FORMAT OF PRESENTATION Key Facts Introduction Background Character Lists

Key Facts:

Key Facts full title · Great Expectations author · Charles Dickens type of work · Novel genres · Bildungsroman , social criticism, autobiographical fiction language · English time and place written · London, 1860 - 1861 date of first publication · Published serially in England from December 1860 to August 1861 ; published in book form in England and America in 1861 publisher · Serialized in All the Year Round ; published in England by Chapman & Hall; published in America by Harper & Brothers narrator · Pip climax · A sequence of climactic events occurs from Chapter 51 to Chapter 56 : Miss Havisham’s burning in the fire, Orlick’s attempt to murder Pip, and Pip’s attempt to help Magwitch escape London. protagonist · Pip 9/3/2011 GREAT EXPECTATIONS-REVIEW 5

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setting (time) · Mid-nineteenth century settings (place) · Kent and London, England falling action · The period following Magwitch’s capture in Chapter 54 , including Magwitch’s death, Pip’s reconciliation with Joe, and Pip’s reunion with Estella eleven years later tense · Past tone · Comic, cheerful, satirical, wry, critical, sentimental, dark, dramatic, foreboding, Gothic, sympathetic themes · Ambition and the desire for self-improvement (social, economic, educational, and moral); guilt, criminality, and innocence; maturation and the growth from childhood to adulthood; the importance of affection, loyalty, and · Crime and criminality; disappointed expectations; the connection between weather or atmosphere and dramatic evesympathy over social advancement and class superiority; social class; the difficulty of maintaining superficial moral and social categories in a constantly changing world. 9/3/2011 6

Great Expectations: Introduction:

Great Expectations: Introduction Is it childish to dream about a future completely different from what you expect to happen?

Great Expectations: Introduction:

Great Expectations: Introduction In Great Expectations, Pip is at first content with his future as a blacksmith’s apprentice. The blacksmith, his brother-in-law Joe, is much nicer than Pip’s own sister—who has brought him up “by hand.”

Great Expectations: Introduction:

Great Expectations: Introduction One day Pip wanders across the marshes to visit his parents’ graves. But instead, he finds a runaway convict who demands that Pip help him escape from his chains.

Great Expectations: Introduction:

Great Expectations: Introduction Although the man is later caught, Pip feels horribly guilty. He is sure Joe will be disappointed if he finds out what Pip has done.

Great Expectations: Introduction:

Great Expectations: Introduction But this frightening episode fades from Pip’s memory when he encounters even more remarkable people. He is invited to rich Miss Havisham’s house to be a playmate for Estella, the proud girl in her care.

Great Expectations: Introduction:

Great Expectations: Introduction Years ago, Miss Havisham’s fiancé stood her up at the altar. Ever since, she has remained in her wedding dress, let no sunlight into her house, and let the clocks stop. Everything is left just as it was the day of her heartbreak.

Great Expectations: Introduction:

Great Expectations: Introduction Pip’s friends all hope that Miss Havisham will “do something” for him—give him money. However, for Pip, the appeal of Miss Havisham’s house isn’t just the thought of money or the elegant lifestyle: It’s Estella.

Great Expectations: Introduction:

Great Expectations: Introduction And then, the unexpected happens! An anonymous benefactor sends money to pay for Pip’s education in London!

Great Expectations: Introduction:

Great Expectations: Introduction Is Miss Havisham giving Pip the money? Does she hope to make Pip into a gentleman for his own sake? Or is it for the sake of someone else?

Great Expectations: Background:

Great Expectations: Background Charles Dickens (1812–1870) was deeply concerned about the struggles of the poor and mistreated people. During this period, people who simply could not pay their bills often went to debtors’ prison. A criminal who was considered dangerous might be sent to what is now Australia to serve time.

Great Expectations: Background:

Great Expectations: Background Labor in a factory or work pulling a cart earned only pennies a day. In Dickens’s time, London was a rich city, but poor people lived in terrible squalor. Children of those in debtors’ prison often had to support themselves. A child might work up to sixteen hours a day.

Great Expectations: Background:

Great Expectations: Background He worked long hours in a cramped room infested with rats. Shortly before his own father was sent to debtors’ prison, twelve-year-old Charles was sent to work at a shoe polish factory. Dickens’s unfinished autobiography describes the suffering he endured as a child laborer.

Great Expectations: Background:

Great Expectations: Background In Dickens’ time, British convicts were often punished in a way that might seem “cruel and unusual” by today’s standards. The unique history of Australia is tied to a thread in Great Expectations . Convicts thought to pose some threat to society might be shipped off to a distant British territory—what is now Australia.

Great Expectations: Background:

Great Expectations: Background During the time when Australia served as a penal colony for England, prisoners were deposited near what is now Sydney. Only the strongest and hardest-working people could prosper in the harsh conditions. Once sent to Australia, a convict was frequently forbidden to ever return to England.

Character Lists-:

Character Lists- Pip The protagonist and narrator of Great Expectations, Pip begins the story as a young orphan boy being raised by his sister and brother-in-law in the marsh country of Kent, in the southeast of England. Pip is passionate, romantic, and somewhat unrealistic at heart, and he tends to expect more for himself than is reasonable. Pip also has a powerful conscience, and he deeply wants to improve himself, both morally and socially. 9/3/2011 21

Character Lists-:

Character Lists- Estella Miss Havisham’s beautiful young ward, Estella is Pip’s unattainable dream throughout the novel. He loves her passionately, but, though she sometimes seems to consider him a friend, she is usually cold, cruel, and uninterested in him. As they grow up together, she repeatedly warns him that she has no heart. 9/3/2011 22

Character Lists-:

Character Lists- Miss Havisham Miss Havisham is the wealthy, eccentric old woman who lives in a manor called Satis House near Pip’s village. She is manic and often seems insane, flitting around her house in a faded wedding dress, keeping a decaying feast on her table, and surrounding herself with clocks stopped at twenty minutes to nine. As a young woman, Miss Havisham was jilted by her fiancé minutes before her wedding, and now she has a vendetta against all men. She deliberately raises Estella to be the tool of her revenge, training her beautiful ward to break men’s hearts. 9/3/2011 23

Character Lists-:

Character Lists- Abel Magwitch (“The Convict”) A fearsome criminal, Magwitch escapes from prison at the beginning of Great Expectations and terrorizes Pip in the cemetery. Pip’s kindness, however, makes a deep impression on him, and he subsequently devotes himself to making a fortune and using it to elevate Pip into a higher social class. Behind the scenes, he becomes Pip’s secret benefactor, funding Pip’s education and opulent lifestyle in London through the lawyer Jaggers . 9/3/2011 24

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Joe Gargery -  Pip’s brother-in-law, the village blacksmith, Joe stays with his overbearing, abusive wife—known as Mrs. Joe—solely out of love for Pip. Joe’s quiet goodness makes him one of the few completely sympathetic characters in Great Expectations . Although he is uneducated and unrefined, he consistently acts for the benefit of those he loves and suffers in silence when Pip treats him coldly. 9/3/2011 25

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Jaggers -  The powerful, foreboding lawyer hired by Magwitch to supervise Pip’s elevation to the upper class. As one of the most important criminal lawyers in London, Jaggers is privy to some dirty business; he consorts with vicious criminals, and even they are terrified of him. But there is more to Jaggers than his impenetrable exterior. He often seems to care for Pip, and before the novel begins he helps Miss Havisham to adopt the orphaned Estella. Jaggers smells strongly of soap: he washes his hands obsessively as a psychological mech-anism to keep the criminal taint from corrupting him. 9/3/2011 26

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Wemmick - Jaggers’s clerk and Pip’s friend, Wemmick is one of the strangest characters in Great Expectations . At work, he is hard, cynical, sarcastic, and obsessed with “portable property”; at home in Walworth, he is jovial, wry, and a tender caretaker of his “Aged Parent.” Biddy -  A simple, kindhearted country girl, Biddy first befriends Pip when they attend school together. After Mrs. Joe is attacked and becomes an invalid, Biddy moves into Pip’s home to care for her. Throughout most of the novel, Biddy represents the opposite of Estella; she is plain, kind, moral, and of Pip’s own social class. 9/3/2011 27

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Dolge Orlick -  The day laborer in Joe’s forge, Orlick is a slouching, oafish embodiment of evil. He is malicious and shrewd, hurting people simply because he enjoys it. He is responsible for the attack on Mrs. Joe, and he later almost succeeds in his attempt to murder Pip. Mrs. Joe -  Pip’s sister and Joe’s wife, known only as “Mrs. Joe” throughout the novel. Mrs. Joe is a stern and overbearing figure to both Pip and Joe. She keeps a spotless household and frequently menaces her husband and her brother with her cane, which she calls “Tickler.” She also forces them to drink a foul-tasting concoction called tar-water. Mrs. Joe is petty and ambitious; her fondest wish is to be something more than what she is, the wife of the village blacksmith. 9/3/2011 28

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Uncle Pumblechook -  Pip’s pompous, arrogant uncle. (He is actually Joe’s uncle and, therefore, Pip’s “uncle-in-law,” but Pip and his sister both call him “Uncle Pumblechook .”) A merchant obsessed with money, Pumblechook is responsible for arranging Pip’s first meeting with Miss Havisham . Throughout the rest of the novel, he will shamelessly take credit for Pip’s rise in social status, even though he has nothing to do with it, since Magwitch , not Miss Havisham , is Pip’s secret benefactor. Compeyson -  A criminal and the former partner of Magwitch , Compeyson is an educated, gentlemanly outlaw who contrasts sharply with the coarse and uneducated Magwitch . Compeyson is responsible for Magwitch’s capture at the end of the novel. He is also the man who jilted Miss Havisham on her wedding day. Drummle -  An oafish, unpleasant young man who attends tutoring sessions with Pip at the Pockets’ house, Drummle is a minor member of the nobility, and the sense of superiority this gives him makes him feel justified in acting cruelly and harshly toward everyone around him. Drummle eventually marries Estella, to Pip’s chagrin; she is miserable in their marriage and reunites with Pip after Drummle dies some eleven years later. 9/3/2011 29

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Molly - Ja Bentley ggers’s housekeeper. In Chapter 48 , Pip realizes that she is Estella’s mother. Mr. Wopsle -  The church clerk in Pip’s country town; Mr. Wopsle’s aunt is the local schoolteacher. Sometime after Pip becomes a gentleman, Mr. Wopsle moves to London and becomes an actor. Startop -  A friend of Pip’s and Herbert’s. Startop is a delicate young man who, with Pip and Drummle , takes tutelage with Matthew Pocket. Later, Startop helps Pip and Herbert with Magwitch’s escape. Miss Skiffins - Wemmick’s beloved, and eventual wife. 9/3/2011 30

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9/3/2011 31 Thank you

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