Agriculture in india

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TOPIC

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After independence, considering India's growing population, the government took steps to increase the food production. Yields per unit area of all crops have grown since 1950. The 1970s saw a huge increase in India's wheat production. GREEN REVOLUTION

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Tilling of land Sowing of seeds Irrigation Harvesting selling Breeding Up breeding Food land cultivation Animal husbandry AGRICULTURE

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In olden days, there were no modernized technology. Farmers used bullocks to plough the fields. they used to do work with the help of labours,which took more time and more money. Due the man labour production was also less. They used to get less money because of less production. OLDEN TECHNOLOGY

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Low levels of technology Less availability of transport Good seeds were not available. Slow methods of irrigation. Lack of capital. OLDEN TIME IN AGRICULTURE

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High levels of technology. Use of HYV seeds Good irrigation facilities More and enough capital Availability of land Good storage facilities. MODERN TECHNOLOGY

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Older days.. They had low level of technology. They had more fertile soil. In olden days facilities of transport & irrigation were not well. developed Modern days.. Now a days they have high level of technology They have less fertile soil. Facilities of transport & irrigation are well developed. DIFFERENCE

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SOME MODERN METHODS IN AGRICULTURE

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SOME OLDER METHODS IN AGRICULTURE

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MIXED FARMING Mixed farming is the combining of two independent agricultural enterprises on the same farm. A typical case of mixed farming is the combination of crop enterprise with dairy farming or in more general terms, crop cultivation with livestock farming. Mixed farming may be treated as a special case of diversified farming. This particular combination of enterprises, support each other and add to the farmer’s profitability .

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farming in areas where rainfall is deficient and there is no assured source of artificial irrigation, is referred to as dry farming. On the other hand farming with assured water supply from artificial sources of irrigation is known as irrigated farming. In Dry farming the land starved of water is hard and poor in soil fertility where as Irrigated farming is easier, more remunerative, flexible and adaptable to changing technology. DRY AND IRRIGATED FARMING

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Sustainable Agriculture refers to the ability of a farm to produce food indefinitely, without causing severe or irreversible damage to ecosystem health. Sustainable Agriculture

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AGRICULTURAL SEASON

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a. These crops are grown with the onset of monsoon and harvested in September-October. b. Important crops grown during this season are rice (paddy), maize, jowar, bajra, tur (arhar), moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut and soyabean. Kharif Crops

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These crops are sown in winter from October December and to harvested in summer from April to June. Some of the important rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard. Rabi Crop

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a. In between the rabi and the kharif seasons, there is a short season during the summer months known as the Zaid season. b. Some of the crops produced during ‘zaid’ are watermelon, muskmelon, cucumber, vegetables and fodder crops and Sugarcane. Zaid Crops

Some non farming Activities…….:

Some non farming Activities……. Non – farming activities are the activities in which agriculture is not done . For example Dairy farming,Shopkeeping etc.

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