CONCEPT OF PUBLIC POLICY

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CONCEPT OF PUBLIC POLICY:

CONCEPT OF PUBLIC POLICY

DEFINITIONS OF PUBLIC POLICY:

DEFINITIONS OF PUBLIC POLICY PUBLIC : IT COMPPRISES DOMAIN OF HUMAN ACTIVITY WHICH IS REGARED AS REQUIRING GOVERNMENTAL INTERVENTIONS OR COMMON ACTION A DOMAIN OF LIFE WHICH IS NOT PRIVATE OR PURELY INDIVIDUAL BUT HELD IN COMMON POLICY : A PURPOSIVE COURSE OF ACTION TAKEN OR ADOPTED BY THOSE IN POWER IN PURSUIT OF CERTAIN GOALS OOBJECTIVES

DEFINITIONS OF PUBLIC POLICY:

DEFINITIONS OF PUBLIC POLICY PUBLIC POLICY IS “WHATEVER GOVERNMENTS CHOOSE TO DO OR NOT TO DO” THE TERM PUBLIC POLICY ALWAYS REFERS TO THE ACTIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT AND THE INTENTIONS THAT DETERMINE THOSE ACTIONS PUBLIC POLICY IS THE OUTCOME OF STRUGGLE IN GOVERNMENT OVER WHO GETS WHAT

DEFINITIONS OF PUBLIC POLICY:

DEFINITIONS OF PUBLIC POLICY PUBLIC POLICY CONSISTS OF POLITICAL DECISIONS FOR IMPLEMENTING PROGRAMS TO ACHIEVE SOCIETAL GOALS PUBLIC POLICY IS SUM OF GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES, WHETHER ACTING DIRECTLY OR THROUGH AGENTS, AS IT HAS AN INFLUENCE ON THE LIFE OF CITIZENS

DEFINITIONS OF PUBLIC POLICY:

DEFINITIONS OF PUBLIC POLICY A PUBLIC POLICY IS A DELIBERATE PLAN OF ACTIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT TO GUIDE DECISIONS AND ACHIEVE RATIONAL OUTCOMES PUBLIC POLICY CAN BE GENERALLY DEFINED AS THE COURSE OF ACTION OR INACTION TAKEN BY GOVERNMENTAL ENTITIES WITH REGARD TO A PARTICULAR ISSUE OR SET OF ISSUES

What is public policy :

What is public policy The course of government action ( or inaction) taken in response to public problems. It is associated with formally approved policy goals and means as well as the regulations and practices of agencies that implement programmers.

Therefore public policy : :

Therefore public policy : Is purpose Is responsive Is authoritative Resolves conflict Has public input

Need and importance of knowing public policy:

Need and importance of knowing public policy To sharpen analytic skills and to decide what political positions and policies to support To evaluate efforts and impact of governance To enhance the capacities of government agencies To participate and make decisions To help and shape decisions by collective initiatives

RELEVANCE OF PUBLIC POLICY:

RELEVANCE OF PUBLIC POLICY SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDING IMPROVES OUR KNOWLEDGE OF SOCIETY LINKAGES BETWEEN SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS RESPONSE OF POLITICALSYSTEM TO THOSE CONDITIONS PROFESSIONAL ADVICE APPLICATION OF KNOWLEDGE TO THE SOLUTION OF PRACTICAL PROBLEMS POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS TO INFORM POLITICAL DISCUSSION, ADVANCE THE LEVEL OF POLITICAL AWARENESS AND IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF PUBLIC POLICY

Contexts of public policy:

Contexts of public policy Social context Economic context Political context Government context Cultural context

Public policy can be..:

Public policy can be.. Substansive policy : major rearrangements of public resources / values. Eg: tax reforms, reduce poverty Symbolic : to provide more psychological relief than actual change in the political system. Eg: legislation against flag burning Procedural policy: when we need to address the issues by enacting and designing procedures like lokpal bill of corruption.

Key Players in pubic policy making:

Key Players in pubic policy making Individuals and civil society ( Anna hazare movement) Interest group Media Government Political party

TYPOLOGIES:

TYPOLOGIES EDUCATION POLICY HEALTH POLICY ENERGY POLICY POPULATION POLICY SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY POLICY URBAN POLICY HOUSING POLICY WATER POLICY ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

POLICY CYCLE:

POLICY CYCLE ISSUE IDENTIFICATION POLICY ANALYSIS/ LEGITIMATION POLICY INSTRUMENT DEVELOPMENT CONSULTATION DECISION IMPLEMENTATION EVALUATION

Cultural policies:

Cultural policies

PowerPoint Presentation:

Economic policy

Conclusion:

Conclusion The sole objective of public policies is to address the common concern or public requirement with collective consensus and to achieve democratic and just and fair society.

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