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Gear pumps are positive displacement (or fixed displacement), meaning they pump a constant amount of fluid for each revolution. Some gear pumps are designed to function as either a motor or pump. Slide 4: External Gear Pumps External gear pumps are a popular pumping principle and are often used as lubrication pumps in machine tools, in fluid power transfer units, and as oil pumps in engines. Large-capacity external gear pumps typically use helical or herringbone gears. Slide 5: Small external gear pumps usually operate at 1750 or 3450 rpm and larger models operate at speeds up to 640 rpm. External gear pumps have close tolerances and shaft support on both sides of the gears. Because of this, external gear pumps are popular for precise transfer and metering applications involving polymers, fuels, and chemical additives Slide 6: External Gear Pumps Work External gear pumps are similar in pumping action to internal gear pumps in that two gears come into and out of mesh to produce flow. The external gear pump uses two identical gears rotating against each other -- one gear is driven by a motor and it in turn drives the other gear. Slide 7: Liquid flows into the cavity and is trapped by the gear teeth as they rotate. Liquid travels around the interior of the casing in the pockets between the teeth and the casing. Finally, gears forces liquid through the outlet port under pressure. Slide 8: External Gear Pump Work Slide 10: Advantages: High speed High pressure No overhung bearing loads Relatively quiet operation Design accommodates wide variety of materials Slide 11: Disadvantages: Four bushings in liquid area No solids allowed Fixed End Clearances Slide 12: Applications: Common external gear pump applications include, but are not limited to: Various fuel oils and lube oils Chemical additive and polymer metering Chemical mixing and blending (double pump) Industrial and mobile hydraulic applications (log splitters, lifts, etc.) Acids and caustic (stainless steel or composite construction) Low volume transfer or application Slide 13: Materials Of Construction / Configuration Options: Externals (head, casing, bracket) - Iron, ductile iron, steel, stainless steel, high alloys, composites (PPS, ETFE) Internals (shafts) - Steel, stainless steel, high alloys, alumina ceramic Internals (gears) - Steel, stainless steel, PTFE, composite (PPS) Bushing - Carbon, bronze, silicon carbide, needle bearings Shaft Seal - Packing, lip seal, component mechanical seal, magnetically-driven pump Slide 14: Internal Gear Pumps Internal gear pumps are exceptionally versatile. While they are often used on thin liquids such as solvents and fuel oil, they excel at efficiently pumping thick liquids such as asphalt, chocolate, and adhesives. The useful viscosity range of an internal gear pump is from 1cPs to over 1,000,000cP Slide 15: Internal Gear Pumps Work Liquid enters the suction port between the rotor (large exterior gear) and idler (small interior gear) teeth. The arrows indicate the direction of the pump and liquid, Liquid travels through the pump between the teeth of the "gear-within-a-gear" principle. The crescent shape divides the liquid and acts as a seal between the suction and discharge ports. Slide 16: 3.The pump head is now nearly flooded, just prior to forcing the liquid out of the discharge port. Intermeshing gears of the idler and rotor form locked pockets for the liquid which assures volume control. 4.Rotor and idler teeth mesh completely to form a seal equidistant from the discharge and suction ports. This seal forces the liquid out of the discharge port. Slide 17: Internal Gear Pump Works Slide 19: Advantages: Only two moving parts Only one stuffing box Non-pulsating discharge Excellent for high-viscosity liquids Constant and even discharge regardless of pressure conditions Slide 20: Disadvantages: Usually requires moderate speeds Medium pressure limitations One bearing runs in the product pumped Overhung load on shaft bearing Slide 21: Applications: Common internal gear pump applications include, but are not limited to: All varieties of fuel oil and lube oil Resins and Polymers Alcohols and solvents Asphalt, Bitumen, and Tar Slide 22: Materials Of Construction / Configuration Options Externals (head, casing, bracket) - Cast iron, ductile iron, steel, stainless steel, Alloy 20, and higher alloys. Internals (rotor, idler) - Cast iron, ductile iron, steel, stainless steel, Alloy 20, and higher alloys. Bushing - Carbon graphite, bronze, silicon carbide, tungsten carbide, ceramic, colomony, and other specials materials as needed. Packing - Impregnated packing, if seal not required. Slide 23: Gear Pumps are generally used for: 1. PETROCHEMICALS: Pure or filled bitumen, pitch, diesel oil, crude oil, lube oil etc. 2. CHEMICALS: Sodium silicate, acids, plastics, mixed chemicals, isocyanates etc. 3. PAINT & INK. 4. RESINS & ADHESIVES. 5. PULP & PAPER: acid, soap, lye, black liquor, kaolin, lime, latex, sludge etc. 6. FOOD: Chocolate, cacao butter, fillers, sugar, vegetable fats and oils, molasses, animal food etc. Slide 24: Thank You You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.