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These rules are laid down with civic sense.Civic sence refers to knowledge which would help the use of public places by all citizens. 1.Classification Of Roads : 1.Classification Of Roads National Highways. Important Roads In Towns And Cities. Streets. Narrow Lane. Fair Weather Roads. 1.National Highways : 1.National Highways Roads which connect distant places are called National Highways.Ex:Delhi-mumbai These roads are useful for transport of goods,journey of people,military transport ets. National Highways : National Highways National Highways : National Highways 2.Important roads in Towns and Cities : 2.Important roads in Towns and Cities There are many important roads in towns and cities. Roads-dividers and footpaths have been designed. Special parking places are also provided for motor vehicles,scooters,rickshaws etc. Cities : Cities Cities : Cities Cities : Cities Towns : Towns Towns : Towns 3.Streets : 3.Streets These are laid in cities,towns and villages. They do not genarally have traffic signals,road dividers,footpaths etc. Streets : Streets Streets : Streets 4. Narrow Lanes : 4. Narrow Lanes The width of a lane is very narrow. Hence it is not possible to drive heavy motor vehicles on them. Narrow Lane : Narrow Lane Narrow Lane : Narrow Lane Narrow Lane : Narrow Lane 5.Fair Weather Roads : 5.Fair Weather Roads These roads can not be useful in rainy seasons. These roads are laid with gravel stone and red soil. Fair Weather Roads : Fair Weather Roads Fair Weather Roads : Fair Weather Roads 2.Division Of Roads : 2.Division Of Roads Foot Path. Road Divider. Zebra Crossing. 1.Foot path : 1.Foot path It is laid on either side of the road for the use of pedestrians. It is built with a width of about 2 meters Foot Path : Foot Path 2. Road- dividers : 2. Road- dividers The road is divided into two equal halves with cement slabs or iron roads. These are called road dividers. Road Divider : Road Divider Zebra-crossing : Zebra-crossing Zebra-crossing is the places where the pedestrians cross the road These are laid at places where traffic is heavy. Zebra Crossing : Zebra Crossing Zebra Crossing : Zebra Crossing Diagonal Zebra Crossing : Diagonal Zebra Crossing School Zone : School Zone It is a Place where a school or schools Exist. A board with ‘School zone’ should displayed there. Vehicles should go very slowly in these places. School Zone : School Zone School Zone : School Zone 3.Designing Roads At Junctions : 3.Designing Roads At Junctions 4.Road Patterns : 4.Road Patterns Fore-arm Junction. Tee Junction. Wye Junction. Round-about Junction(or)Traffic Island. Patterns And Markings Of Roads : Patterns And Markings Of Roads 1.Central Dividing line. 2.Zebra Crossing. 1.Fore-arm Junction : 1.Fore-arm Junction A junction where vehicles take place either a right turn or a left turn. Fore-arm Junction. : Fore-arm Junction. 2.Tee-Junction : 2.Tee-Junction 1.A junction where a lane joins a road perpendicularly. 2.The lane and the road that join are like the letter ‘T’. Tee Junction : Tee Junction 3.Wye Junction : 3.Wye Junction A place where three roads joins in the form of a letter ‘Y’. Wye Junction. : Wye Junction. 4.Round-about Junction. : 4.Round-about Junction. 1.A junction where a traffic island is formed as a centre. 2.Such junctions are called as multiple junctions. Round-about Junction. : Round-about Junction. Traffic Island : Traffic Island 1.It may be in circular or Oval. 2.Beautiful plants may be grown here. Traffic Island. : Traffic Island. Signalling System : Signalling System 1.Manual Signals. 2.Electronic signals. 1.In towns manual signalling system is used in which the traffic constable gives the signals by hand. 2.In cities or urban areas where the traffic flow is heavy,electronic signalling system is used. Manual Signals : Manual Signals Manual Signals : Manual Signals Electronic signalling system : Electronic signalling system 1.It is fixed to a tall post at the junctions where traffic is heavy. 2.three bulbs are fixed in this device to provide light with the help of electricity. 3.If the red light is on,it is a signal “to stop” the vehicles. Orange light is on,it is a signal ‘to get ready to start’. Green light is on,it is a signal “to start”. Electronic Signals. : Electronic Signals. Electronic Signals : Electronic Signals Flasher : Flasher Another type of electronic signalling called “Flasher” is also fixed to a tall post. This bulb cautions by signalling flashes. Railway Level Crossing : Railway Level Crossing There are two types of level crossings to cross the railway track. 1.Manned Railway Level Crossing. 2.Unmanned Railway Level Crossing. To avoid accidents on the unmanned railway level crossings those who want to cross the railway track should be vigilant. Railway Level Crossing : Railway Level Crossing Railway Level Crossing : Railway Level Crossing Railway Level Crossing : Railway Level Crossing Use of Motor Vehicles & Scooters On Roads. : Use of Motor Vehicles & Scooters On Roads. Motor vehicles & Scooters are power driven vehicles. Those who ride these vehicles have to posses a driving licence. A distance of 3 feet is in minimum within which the vehicle should be stopped to a stand still. Use of Motor Vehicles & Scooters On Roads. : Use of Motor Vehicles & Scooters On Roads. Pillion riders should not distract the driver by idle task or cause imbalance. Be Courteous to other road users. Helmet is a must for all motor cyclists and scooterists. Road Safety Measures : Road Safety Measures Helmet is a must for all the motor cyclists & Scooterists. Traffic Slogans : Traffic Slogans Footpath is for you,while the road is for your vehicles. Always cross the road at zebra crossing and prevent accidents. Follow the traffic rules and reach your destination safely. Traffic Offences : Traffic Offences Ignoring the traffic signals, while using the roads. Driving motor vehicles in opposite direction on the one way roads. Parking vehicles in ‘No parking’ areas. Road Safety Measures : Road Safety Measures Reckless Driving On Roads leads to accidents. Road Safety Measures : Road Safety Measures Reckless Driving On Roads leads to Accidents. Road Safety Measures : Road Safety Measures Many People on vehicles lead to accidents. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.