adjectives

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

Adjectives BY SUBBALAKSHMI

Slide 2: 

An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. An adjective answers: What kind? Which one? How many? Example: happy dog tired boy seven girls Adjectives

To find an adjective you need to locate the nouns first. : 

To find an adjective you need to locate the nouns first. Three happy children played at the park. The donkey stepped on my large hat. The child was brave.

ADJECTIVES : 

ADJECTIVES Modifies Nouns Modifies Pronouns

DEFINITION OF AN ADJECTIVE: : 

DEFINITION OF AN ADJECTIVE: It tells what kind of person, place, or thing. A noun or a pronoun is. It may also point out which one or how many.

EXAMPLES: : 

EXAMPLES: The ship was an English vessel. (what kind) This factory is mine. (which one) Many people enjoy the annual dinner. (how many, which one)

Slide 7: 

Let's Practice

Can you find the adjectives? : 

Can you find the adjectives? We saw the gray elephant at the zoo. First find the nouns… Then ask, “What words describe the nouns?” WHAT KIND? WHICH ONE? HOW MANY?

Slide 9: 

Can you find the adjectives? The rabbit followed the slow turtle. First find the nouns… Then ask, “What words describe the nouns?” WHAT KIND? WHICH ONE? HOW MANY?

Slide 10: 

Can you find the adjectives? He found two rupees on the ground. First find the nouns… Then ask, “What words describe the nouns?” WHAT KIND? WHICH ONE? HOW MANY?

Slide 11: 

Can you find the adjectives? The children heard the loud bell. First find the nouns… Then ask, “What words describe the nouns?” WHAT KIND? WHICH ONE? HOW MANY?

Slide 12: 

Can you find the adjectives? The brown dog growled at the tall man. First find the nouns… Then ask, “What words describe the nouns?” WHAT KIND? WHICH ONE? HOW MANY?

Slide 13: 

ADJECTIVES Add some “WOW” to your sentences!

Slide 14: 

What is the adjective’s job? To modify a noun or pronoun modify means to change in some way—in this case, to make more descriptive

Slide 15: 

FORM Adjectives are invariable: do not change form depending on gender or number of the noun A hot potato Some hot potatoes To emphasize or strengthen the meaning of an adjective use “very” or “really” A very hot potato Some really hot potatoes

Slide 16: 

FORM Position of adjectives: usually in front of a noun A fat cat after verbs like “to be”, “to seem”, “to look”, “to taste” The cat is fat. You look tired.

Slide 17: 

FUNCTION Adjectives tell us more about a noun. Describe feelings or qualities: He is a lonely man. They are honest people. Give nationality or origin: Satish is Indian. This clock is German. We live in the Victorian house.

Slide 18: 

Tell more about a thing’s characteristics: A wooden table. The knife is sharp. Tell us about age: He’s an old man. The country was young. Tell us about size and measurement: Sita is a tall woman and Hari is a short man. This is a very long movie.

Slide 19: 

Tell us about color: Rita wore a red dress. The rose was a pale pink. Tell us about shape: A round button or A rectangular box Express a judgment or a value: A boring show Grammar is fun!

Slide 20: 

Bottom Line. . . Adjectives answer these questions about the noun: WHAT KIND of a noun is it? WHICH noun is it? HOW MANY of that noun are there?

Slide 21: 

Special adjectives. . . Articles tell us “which one” There are only three articles. a, an, the The woman pushed a cart full of groceries and an excited boy while walking a dog.

Slide 22: 

Adjectives or Pronouns? Some words can be used as adjectives or pronouns. They are pronouns when they stand alone (replacing the noun). Which did you buy? She likes those. They are adjectives when they modify a noun or pronoun. Which book did you buy? She likes those shoes.

Slide 23: 

Adjective or Noun? Sometimes we use a noun to describe another noun. The “noun as adjective” always comes first. a race horse is a horse that runs in races a horse race is a race for horses a boat race is a race for boats a love story is a story about love a war story is a story about war

Slide 24: 

Some practice. . . The two dark cats were walking on the fence. The—modifies the noun cats and is an article Two—modifies the noun cats and answers the question HOW MANY Dark—modifies the noun cats and answers the question WHAT KIND The—modifies the noun fence and is an article

Slide 25: 

Some more practice. . . The chocolate one is his last cookie. The—modifies the pronoun one and is an article Chocolate—modifies the pronoun one and answers the question WHAT KIND His—a possessive pronoun that modifies the noun cookie and answers the question WHICH ONE Last—modifies the noun cookie and answers the question WHICH ONE

Slide 26: 

1 Copyright © 2005 – 2006 MES-English.com

Slide 27: 

Strong Weak

Slide 28: 

Tall Short

Slide 29: 

Slow Fast

Slide 30: 

Heavy Light

Slide 31: 

Beautiful Ugly

Slide 32: 

Boring Funny

Slide 33: 

Big Small

Slide 34: 

Possessive- Adjectives His Their Its Her Our My Your

Slide 35: 

Possessive- Adjectives She wants an ice cream¡ Her Ice cream She is a girl. Her dress is pink Her name is Keerti

Possessive- Adjectives : 

Possessive- Adjectives His ball Ramesh plays with his ball He plays with his ball in the park His name is Ramesh

Slide 37: 

Possessive- Adjectives Your keys You lost your keys Your keys are beautiful Your hands are clean

Possessive- Adjectives : 

Possessive- Adjectives Our teacher Our teacher is tall. Our teacher is young. Our teacher is handsome Our teacher is funny His name is Vijay

Possessive- Adjectives : 

Possessive- Adjectives Its tail My dog wags its tail Its legs are short. It is a dog. Its plate is empty

Possessive- Adjectives : 

Possessive- Adjectives My food is delicious I am Rahim. My hair is curly. My shoes are brown.

Slide 41: 

Possessive- Adjectives They are engineers. Their hats are blue. Their shoes are black Their canes are brown Their neckties are red

Exercises: Complete the dialogue with these words: your, her, his, our, their. : 

Exercises: Complete the dialogue with these words: your, her, his, our, their. A: What is _____name? B: I´m Lata A: Where are you from? B: We are from Delhi. ____parents are from Punjab. A: What are ____ names? B: ____names are Mahesh and Lakshmi. A:Which is the favourite color of your brother. B: ____favourite color is green. A: Which is the favourite color of your sister. B: ____favourite color is red.

Slide 43: 

Exercises: Write sentences with possesive adjectives It is a crocodrile ___tail is green The girl and ___ dog run The girl and ___ mother …

THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES : 

THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES Let’s learn something new!

The comparison is used : 

The comparison is used when we compare two people or things. The easiest rule is: add the ending –er to one-syllable words and to two syllable words ending in –y, e.g. Fast – faster Easy – easier Big - bigger

In sentences: : 

In sentences: Comparisons involve at least two people or two things. We use than before the second part of the comparison: Ram is taller than Hari. This car is faster than that one.

Long adjectives: : 

Long adjectives: Put more (adverb of degree) in front of longer words, e.g. difficult – more difficult interesting – more interesting beautiful – more beautiful In sentences: Mary is more beautiful than Veena. This book is more interesting than that one.

Superlative : 

Superlative The superlative of a word is used to compare three or more things/people and to pick out one thing/person as more “X” than all the others. Everest is the highest mountain in the world. It is also the most famous mountain in the world.

Remember: : 

Remember: adjectives are compared like this: big – bigger – the biggest easy – easier – the easiest interesting – more interesting – the most interesting famous – more famous – the most famous

Without comparative forms : 

Without comparative forms Some adjectives do not normally have comparative and superlative forms: absent, equal, left, opposite, right, single.

Irregularities: : 

Irregularities: Certain adjectives have separate forms for comparative and superlative, or are in some other way “irregular”: good – better – the best (the same is used for ‘well’, meaning ‘in good health’) bad, ill, evil – worse – the worst many, much – more – the most

Different forms : 

Different forms Some adjectives form their comparative and superlative degrees in two ways: old – older/elder – the oldest/eldest far – farther/further – the farthest/furthest late – later – the latest/last near – nearer – the nearest/next

Note the difference in meaning: : 

Note the difference in meaning: elder – born first of the two eldest – born before the other members of the family farther/further – longer in distance further – more, extra latest – newest last – final nearest – closest next – the one after this

Don’t forget: : 

Don’t forget: As…as… John is as tall as Girish. Your house is as large as mine. Not so/as.. as.. This book is not so interesting as that one. The tree is not as tall as the building over there.

In idioms : 

In idioms As good as gold As poor as a church mouse As brave as a lion As black as coal As blind as a bat As pale as a ghost As cool as a cucumber As fierce as a tiger As light as a feather As white as a sheet As white as snow As wise as an owl

Slide 56: 

The Superlative Big Clean Hot Long Old Close Cold Deep Dry Fast Near Tall Warm Wet The biggest The cleanest The hottest The longest The oldest The closest The coldest The deepest The driest The fastest The nearest The tallest The warmest The wettest http://geocities.yahoo.com.br/egbatista Theme D: Into Space

Basics of English Grammar : 

Basics of English Grammar Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives Sample Power Point Presentation

Contents : 

Contents Introduction What is a noun? What is an adjective? What is a syllable? Syllable – further examples Adjectives Comparative form How to built comparative forms? Superlative form How to built superlative forms? Summary Comparison chart Practice Superlative forms Comparative forms Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back Skip introduction

What is a noun? : 

What is a noun? Noun is a word which refers to a thing, person, activity, place etc. car street teacher reading Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back

What is an adjective? : 

What is an adjective? Adjective is a word which describes a noun fast big expensive car adjectives noun Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back

What is a syllable? : 

What is a syllable? Syllable is a part of a word containing vowel sound read ing read ing 1st syllable 2nd syllable Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back

Syllables – examples : 

Syllables – examples 1. One-syllable adjectives 2. Two-syllable adjectives 3. Three-syllable adjectives fast big cheap long hap im py cra zy dir ty por tant won der ful Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back

What is a “comparative form”? : 

What is a “comparative form”? Comaprative form expresses the idea of ‘more’ fast -er My car is fast. But his car is faster. Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back

“Comparative form”? : 

good modern “Comparative form”? How is a ‘comparative’ form built? long er one syllable adjectives two syllable adjectives ending in -ly funn other two and three syllable adjectives irregular adjectives for example ‘good’ ? Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back y ier modern more better

What is a “superlative form”? : 

What is a “superlative form”? Comaprative form expresses the idea of ‘most’ fast -est My car is fast. Your car is fast. But his car is the fastest. Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back

“Superlative form”? : 

y “Superlative form”? How is a ‘superlative’ form built? long est one syllable adjectives two syllable adjectives ending in -ly funn other two and three syllable adjectives irregular adjectives for example ‘good’ Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back iest ? modern modern most good best

Summary comparison : 

Summary comparison long est iest funn modern most best long er iest funn modern more better long funny modern good comparative superlative Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back

Exercises : 

Exercises Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back List of adjectives hot big thin nice pleasant young short intelligent lovely kind happy attractive exciting pretty unhappy good annoyed careless bad tasty perfect tired upset terrible ugly

Change of ‘y’ into ‘i’ : 

Change of ‘y’ into ‘i’ Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Back funny +er y ? i funn +ier funnier We want the comparative form of the adjective ‘funny’

Help : 

Help Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Slides change after you press ENTER Shows your position Helps you navigate – backwards and forwards Back ? Click to learn more

Participialadjectives : 

Participialadjectives Learn how to use -ed and –ing adjectives in English.

Participial Adjectives look like verbs, but they are really adjectives. Their function is to describe nouns. : 

Participial Adjectives look like verbs, but they are really adjectives. Their function is to describe nouns. English uses many pairs of –ed and –ing adjectives. You probably know some of these adjectives already. Let’s think about some Examples

Chandan didn’t sleep very well last night. To make things worse, he had to get up early this morning because his boss asked him to come to work early. When he got up, he realized that he was out of coffee. Poor Chandan. Today he feels . . . : 

Chandan didn’t sleep very well last night. To make things worse, he had to get up early this morning because his boss asked him to come to work early. When he got up, he realized that he was out of coffee. Poor Chandan. Today he feels . . . tired exhausted These are adjectives, even though they end with –ed. They describe how Chandan feels.

School is difficult, but Mala enjoys it because she loves to learn. She especially loves her Science class because the teacher is very good. The teacher’s class is never boring; on the contrary it’s . . . : 

School is difficult, but Mala enjoys it because she loves to learn. She especially loves her Science class because the teacher is very good. The teacher’s class is never boring; on the contrary it’s . . . These are adjectives, even though they end with –ing. They describe the class. interesting exciting

Slide 75: 

More examples of –ed and –ing adjectives:

Slide 76: 

-ed -ing thrilled thrilling fascinated fascinating amazed amazing shocked shocking embarrassed embarrassing confused confusing frightened frightening depressed depressing amused amusing annoyed annoying Are any of these words new for you?

What’s the difference between the –ed and –ing form of adjectives? : 

What’s the difference between the –ed and –ing form of adjectives? -ed adjectives describe the way a person feels. -ing adjectives describe someone’s personality, a place, an event, an experience, etc. *If something is __________ing, it will make you feel ________ed.

More examples . . . : 

More examples . . . Ravi’s job is boring. He feels bored when he’s at work. Ravi is bored because his job is boring. 2. Rani thinks that computers are interesting. She is interested in studying computers in the future.

Slide 79: 

My friend was feeling depressed, so I invited him to come out with us to see an amusing movie. I thought it might make him laugh a little. 4. Tripping in front of other people can be really embarrassing. I always feel embarrassed when this happens!

Now it’s your turn! : 

Now it’s your turn! 1. confus- English grammar can be extremely ________________. It makes me feel ________________. fascinat- Millions of tourists are __________________ with Fantasy Park. This place is absolutely __________________. confusing confused fascinated fascinating

Slide 81: 

81 DESCRIBING MUSIC

Music sounds like : 

82 Music sounds like high low

Slide 83: 

83 fast slow

Slide 84: 

84 loud quiet

Slide 85: 

85 Music can be HIGH or LOW. Is this high or low ? Music can be SLOW or FAST. Is this slow or fast ? Music can be LOUD or QUIET. Is this loud or quiet?

Slide 86: 

86 Some music sounds like animals! Listen to this music. It is low,slow and loud. Does it sound like an animal? Which animal ?

Slide 87: 

87 Listen to this music. It is high,fast and quiet. Does it sound like a different animal? Which animal ?