Economic Life During The Mughal Period. : Economic Life During The Mughal Period. By:
Group no.3. Introduction. : Introduction. The social and economic life of India underwent many changes during the Mughal Period.
There were rich contributions in the field of agriculture, painting, and literature. Economic Life. : Economic Life. The chief occupation – Agriculture.
Crops grown – jowar, bajra, wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane.
Cultivation of new crops like – tobacco, maize, potato, chilly. Agriculture. : Agriculture. The Mughal Rulers encouraged agriculture.
Made efforts to bring more land under cultivation.
In drought-like conditions, farmers were given loan for seeds and agricultural work. Kinds of Occupations. : Kinds of Occupations. In addition to agriculture, occupations like -
Production of Salt.
Textile Industry. Occupation. : Occupation. Gujarat, Bengal and Orissa – known for textile industry.
Agra, Patna, Khambayat and Paithan – Cloth.
A number of other industries such as – paints and pigments, metal work of various kinds, ship-building flourished during this period. Transport. : Transport. Big network of roads connecting centres of various occupations, trade centres and ports.
Agra- centre of transport system.
Kandhahar, Khambayat, Burhanpur, Kabul, Sonargaon – Main highways connecting to Agra. Highways. : Highways. Serais or dharmashlas – travelers to rest.
Trees were planted on both the sides of highways – travelers could get shade.
Wells - provide drinking water. Coins. : Coins. Minted coins in large quantities.
Therefore, this ensured a sufficient supply of currency to the traders.
Gold coins minted. Mohur coin.(Gold Coins). : Mohur coin.(Gold Coins). Daam coins.(Copper Coins.) : Daam coins.(Copper Coins.) Trade. : Trade. Trade carried – Khambayat, Surat, Bharuch, Cochin, etc.
Trade centres – Delhi, Agra, Burhanpur, Kabul, etc. Trade. : Trade. International trade – food grains, variety of textiles, salt, lead, aromatic substances, etc.
Transporting goods – horses, oxen, camels, donkeys and bullock-carts.
Trade with – different countries of Asia and Europe.
Mainly exported – spices, textiles, medicinal herbs and indigo.
Chief items- gold, silver, copper, zinc, mercury, etc. Slide 14: The End.