Testicular Cancer : Testicular Cancer Kevin Baris What is Testicular Cancer? : Is a disease in which cells become malignant (cancerous) in one or both testicles.
Chance of getting it 1 in 300 and death chance is 1 in 5,000
Accounts for only 1% of all cancers in America
8,000 men diagnosed and 390 deaths each year What is Testicular Cancer? Occurs most in men aged 20-39 and is the most common for ages 15-34
Occurs mostly in white men and has doubled over 40 years but has recently increased among black men
Reason for racial incidence is unknown Causes, Risks Factors,& Prevention : No exact known causes but meiosis might be involved
3 major risk factors: Undescended testicles (cryptorchidism), congenital abnormalities, and family history Causes, Risks Factors,& Prevention Knowing if you have some of the risk factors may lead to getting self tests
Correcting cryptorchidism earlier in life helps somewhat Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging : Most of the time it can detected most common sign is a lump on the testicle
Diagnosed by blood test, ultrasound, or biopsy
Imaging test and blood test can be used to find out the stage
TNM is way to graph what stage it is in Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging The stage of your cancer is very important for planning your treatment and estimating your prognosis Treating testicular cancer : Surgery, Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or high dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplant
Clinical trials help treat testicular cancer by offering solutions
Complementary methods like meditation are things done to help you feel better Treating testicular cancer Different treatment for stage I, II, and III seminomas or non-seminomas
Treatment of recurrent germ cell tumors depends on initial stage
Alternative treatments may be offered as cancer cures but are not scientifically proven to be safe Treating testicular cancer cont’d : I cured 95% of time via radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or observation
II cured through surgery or radical inguinal orchiectomy
III treatment is influenced via PET scans I cured 98% of the time via Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) or observation over a period of time
II cured via (RPLND) or chemotherapy
III cured via surgery Treating testicular cancer cont’d Seminomas stage I,II, and III Non-seminomas stage I,II, and III Talking with your doctor : Talking with your doctor Have honest, open discussion with your doctor if you think you have testicular cancer
Some questions you may want to ask are: What kind of testicular cancer do I have?, What treatment choices are there? Remember to ask even if it may seem unimportant
Other health care professionals such as nurses and social workers might also have the answer to your question Clinical trials : Clinical trials Are carefully controlled research studies that are done with patients that volunteer
Info about clinical trials can be obtained from your doctor, websites, or friends and family
Clinical trials are one way to get state of the art treatment After treatment : Follow up care is extremely important after treatment of testicular cancer because it is easily curable
Your health care will tell you what to do next like: blood tests, x-rays, and other imaging test
IT is up to YOU to follow the doctors recommendations
Some lifestyle changes you may want to consider are: healthier diet, ending bad habits, and exercising to deal with fatigue After treatment After treatment you may be overwhelmed by emotions and getting support will help
If treatment doesn’t work you can continue trying to have the cancer cured What’s new in Testicular Cancer Research? : What’s new in Testicular Cancer Research? Studies have identified factors to help predict which patients have a particularly good prognosis and may not need lymph node surgery or radiation therapy
Stem cell transplant is being studied as a strategy for helping men with a poor prognosis tolerate more intensive chemo therapy
New drugs and drug combinations are being tested for patients with recurrent cancer. References : "Testicular Cancer: Questions and Answers - National Cancer Institute." National Cancer Institute - Comprehensive Cancer Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2010. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/sites-types/testicular>.
"Detailed Guide." American Cancer Society :: Information and Resources for Cancer: Breast, Colon, Prostate, Lung and Other Forms. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2010. <http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/TesticularCancer/DetailedGuide/index>. References "Testicular cancer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Testicular_Cancer>.
"Dictionary of Cancer Terms - National Cancer Institute." National Cancer Institute - Comprehensive Cancer Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2010. <http://www.cancer.gov/dictionary/>. Glossary : Acute- Symptoms or signs that begin and worsen quickly, not chronic
Chronic- A disease or condition that persists or progresses over a long period of time Glossary Benign- Not cancerous. Benign tumors may grow large but do not spread to other parts of the body. Also called nonmalignant
Malignant- Cancerous. Malignant tumors can invade and destroy nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body Glossary : Metastasis- The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another. A tumor formed by cells that have spread is called a “metastatic tumor” or a “metastasis”. The metastatic tumor contains cells that are like those in the original (primary) tumor.
Carcinoma- Cancer that begins in skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs. Glossary Myeloma- Cancer that arises in plasma cells, a type of white blood cell.
Sarcoma- A cancer of the bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue.
Incidence- The number of new cases of a disease diagnosed each year. glossary : Diagnosis- The process of identifying a disease, such as cancer from its signs and symptoms.
Prognosis- The likely outcome or course of disease; the chance of recovery or recurrence.
Chemotherapy- Treatment with drugs that kill cancer cells. glossary Radiation Therapy- The use of high-energy radiation from x-rays, gamma rays, neutrons, protons, and other sources to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation may come from outside the body (external beam radiation therapy), or it may come from radioactive material placed in the body near the cancer cells (internal radiation therapy). Systematic radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance, such as radiolabeled monoclonal antibody, that travels in the blood to tissues throughout the body. Also called irradiation and radio therapy. Glossary : Glossary Clinical Trial- A type of research study that tests how well new medical approaches work in people. These studies test new methods of screening, prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of disease. Also called clinical study. Self Exam : Self Exam