Hong Kong International Airport -- MP2030 (Project Management)

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[ detailed report at: http://bit.ly/project-management-of-HKIA ] Presentation on "Expansion of Hong Kong International Airport into a Three-Runway System" by Shabbir Akhtar (PGPM 10, Globsyn Business School - Global Campus) for the subject "Project Management"

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PowerPoint Presentation:

Expansion of Hong Kong International Airport into a Three-Runway System

Objective:

Objective HKIA’s original design was based on the 1992 New Airport Master Plan The document estimated that by 2040 HKIA would handle 87 million passengers, 9 million tonnes of cargo and 380,000 aircraft movements Demand has increased dramatically and the mix of aircraft has changed Air traffic demand is forecast to reach 97 million passengers, 8.9 million tonnes of cargo and 602,000 flight movements per year by 2030 for HKIA

Objective:

Objective To meet these challenges, the Airport Authority Hong Kong had put forward two development options in HKIA Master Plan 2030 for public consultation 73% of respondents to the questionnaire preferred the three-runway system On 20 March 2012, approval from the Government was obtained With the third runway HKIA could accommodate its forecast demand up to 2030 and possibly beyond

Stakeholders:

Project Sponsor: Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Senior Leadership: AAHK Chairman Dr Marvin Cheung Kin- tung , AAHK Chief Executive Officer Stanley Hui Hon- chung , Secretary for Transport and Housing Eva Cheng and Director-General of Civil Aviation Norman Lo Stakeholders Project Team: Mott MacDonald Group Project Sponsor: Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Senior Leadership: AAHK Chairman Dr Marvin Cheung Kin- tung , AAHK Chief Executive Officer Stanley Hui Hon- chung , Secretary for Transport and Housing Eva Cheng and Director-General of Civil Aviation Norman Lo Project Team: Mott MacDonald Group

Assumptions and Constraints:

Passenger throughput will reach 97 million, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.2% (2010: 50.9 million) Cargo volume will reach 8.9 million tonnes , increasing by a CAGR of 4.2% (2010: 4.1 million) Air traffic movements (also known as flight movements) are estimated to reach 602,000 with a CAGR of 3.2% (2010: 306,500) Cargo volume will reach 8.9 million tonnes , increasing by a CAGR of 4.2% (2010: 4.1 million) Air traffic movements (also known as flight movements) are estimated to reach 602,000 with a CAGR of 3.2% (2010: 306,500) Passenger throughput will reach 97 million, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.2% (2010: 50.9 million) Assumptions and Constraints Based on the economic forecast and market environment, International Air Transport Association (IATA) Consulting estimates, for Hong Kong International Airport, by 2030:

Assumptions and Constraints:

Assumptions and Constraints Consultancy studies and assessments conducted during 2008-2011: Airport Facilities Planning Primary Air Traffic Forecast Airspace and Runway Capacity Analysis Preliminary Financial Assessment Economic Impact Analysis Initial Land Formation Engineering Evaluation Preliminary Engineering Feasibility and Environmental Assessment Preliminary Air Quality Impact Analysis Preliminary Aircraft Noise Impact Analysis

Scope Management:

Scope Management Project Title: Expansion of Hong Kong International Airport into a Three-Runway System Project Scope: The recommendation is for a third runway to be located north and parallel to the existing two runways

Scope Management:

Scope Management Project Justification: HKIA is an international aviation hub that creates enormous economic value for Hong Kong and has grown into one of the finest and busiest airports in the world In 2010, HKIA set new annual records with 50.9 million passengers, 4.1 million tonnes of cargo and 306,500 ATMs In order to meet this growing demand, the airport must enhance its capacity With a third runway, HKIA would be able to handle 102 ATMs per hour (maximum annual capacity of 620,000 ATMs) HKIA could accommodate its forecast demand up to 2030 and possibly beyond

Scope Management:

Scope Management Site History: The proposed Airport expansion is to the north of the existing Airport island This site has been part of the open waters off the northern coast of Lantau Island, with no previous land formation Part of the site was used for disposal of contaminated mud by the Government since early 1990s. The CMP within the site boundary have since been filled and capped A section of the existing submarine aviation fuel pipelines and the existing 11kV submarine cable of China Light and Power Company (CLP) lying adjacent to the fuel pipelines fall within the boundary of the Project site

Scope Management:

Scope Management Deliverables: Land formation of about 650 ha to the north of the existing Airport island including a portion over the CMP Construction of a third runway, related taxiway systems and navigation aids, and airfield facilities Construction of the third runway aprons and passenger concourses Expansion of part of the midfield freighter apron on the existing Airport island Expansion of the existing passenger Terminal 2 (T2) on the existing Airport island Extension of the automated people mover (APM) from the existing Airport island to the passenger concourses of the third runway

Scope Management:

Scope Management Deliverables: Extension of the baggage handling system from the existing Airport island to the aprons of the third runway Improvement of the road network in the passenger and cargo areas and new landside transportation facilities including new car parks on the existing Airport island A greywater recycling system at the proposed Airport expansion area (with a capacity of not more than 15,000m3 per day) Necessary modifications to existing marine facilities including the underwater aviation fuel pipelines and 11kV submarine cable between HKIA and the off-airport fuel receiving facilities, sea rescue facilities and aids to navigation; and Any other modification, reconfiguration, and/or improvement of the existing facilities on the existing Airport island as a result of the third runway

Scope Management:

Scope Management Timeline and Milestones: Early 2012 Early 2014 Mid 2015 End 2023 Expected completion of the EIA Expected Commencement of major Construction works Expected Completion of the three-runway system MP2030 approved by Government of Hong Kong Planning EIA studies Associated design details Funding options Approval Environmental permit Foreshore and seabed gazettal Financial Arrangement Implementation Land formation Detailed designs Construction of related facilities

Scope Management:

Scope Management Budget: HK$86.2 billion (in 2010 dollars) or HK$136.2 billion (at money-of-the-day prices) Budget includes building a third runway and its associated supporting infrastructure Budget also includes provisions for design, project management and contingency

Scope Management:

Scope Management Exclusions: Hong Kong- Zhuhai -Macao Bridge (HZMB) HZMB Hong Kong Link Road HZMB Hong Kong Boundary Crossing Facilities Tuen Mun – Chek Lap Kok Link New Contaminated Mud Marine Disposal Facility at HKIA East/ East Sha Chau Area Lantau Logistics Park Tung Chung East and West Future Development Development of the Integrated Waste Management Facilities Phase 1 Sludge Treatment Facilities

Work Breakdown Structure:

Work Breakdown Structure Level 0 Land formation Level 1 Third Runway Taxiway System Level 2 Aviation Support Development Level 3 New Freight Aprons, Third Runway Passenger Concourses and Aprons, Passenger Terminal 2 Reconfiguration Level 4 Automated People Mover and Baggage Handling System Level 5 Road Network Improvements and New Landside Transportation Facilities

Project Planning:

Project Planning As the Project Proponent, AAHK assumes overall responsibility for the planning, design, construction and operation of the Project Under HKIA Master Plan 2030 Study, AAHK has engaged external Consultants to review and recommend an optimal layout plan for the proposed Airport expansion, to assess the preliminary environmental impacts and engineering feasibility aspects The Project will be carried forward to scheme design, detailed design, tender and construction supervision by Consultants, and implemented by Contractor(s) to be appointed by AAHK at a subsequent stage

Project Planning:

Project Planning The recommended airport layout plan to accommodate the air traffic forecast demand up to 2030 was derived from a comprehensive process:

Project Planning:

Project Planning The 15 alignment options generally fell into three groups: A near-perpendicular runway to the existing runways: Can be used for departures to the north only, resulting in imbalance in departure and arrival capacity. Also can only be used in certain wind conditions only. Therefore, appears infeasible for capacity expansion. A runway aligned at an angle to the existing runways: Conflicts with air traffic procedures between the third runway and the existing runways. Dependent operations create little or no additional capacity increase. Therefore, lack of usability makes this option impractical. A parallel runway with the existing runways: Allows independent operations of all three runways, provided that the runway separation is adequate.

Project Planning:

Based on the 3 shortlisted alignment options, a total of 18 subsequent airport layout options were developed to cover permutations of apron, passenger terminal andconcourse expansion locations. These were evaluated against major criteria preferred layout for three-runway system was then defined. A close-spaced alignment which is right next to the existing Northern Runway and largely avoids the CMP but is nearest to more sensitive marine ecology along the north Lantau shoreline A normal-spaced alignment which overlaps part of the CMP and is about halfway between the existing Sha Chau and Lung Kwu Chau Marine Park and the existing Northern Runway Project Planning A far-spaced alignment which avoids the Contaminated Mud Pits (CMP) and is situated just north of the Airport island but close to the existing Sha Chau and Lung Kwu Chau Marine Park After elimination of various alignment options due to environmental and operational constraints, 3 runway alignment options were shortlisted out of the 15 alignments evaluated:

Budget Management:

Budget Management Land formation (HK$38.9 billion): Reclaim about 650 hectares of land to the north of the existing airport island Third runway, related taxiway systems and airfield facilities (HK$7.5 billion): Build a third runway, dual parallel taxiway and connecting taxiways to the passenger concourses and apron areas Third runway aprons and passenger concourses (HK$14.0 billion): Construct 58 new passenger aircraft parking stands and new passenger concourses for the third runway Midfield Concourse and freighter apron expansion (HK$ 4.5 billion): Build 36 new remote stands at the Midfield, extend both the Eastern and Western Vehicular Tunnels as well as the Concourse Passenger Terminal 2 (T2) (HK$8.6 billion): Reconfigure T2 to accommodate both arrival and departure processing facilities

Budget Management:

Budget Management Automated People Mover (APM) extension (HK$4.2 billion): Extend the APM to connect the new third runway passenger concourses with T2; build a new APM depot to accommodate maintenance, storage and other future needs Baggage Handling System (BHS) enhancement (HK$4.3 billion): Build a new high-speed BHS to service third runway passenger concourses Road network and landside transportation facilities expansion (HK$4.2 billion): Implement road network improvement works in the passenger and cargo areas (approximately 21 km of road improvement works and 4 km of viaducts and ramps). Construct four new multi-storey car parks near T1 and T2, providing a total of 6,500 car parking spaces

Cost Benefit Analysis:

Air connectivity is essential for Hong Kong to maintain its competitiveness as a world city International businesses tend to cluster around the aviation hubs with extensive connectivity The aviation market is expected to grow robustly over the next 20 years With a third runway, HKIA could accommodate its forecast demand up to 2030 and possibly beyond, a substantial boost to Hong Kong’s economy Many neighboring cities are developing their airports to respond to the rising demand Air connectivity is essential for Hong Kong to maintain its competitiveness as a world city International businesses tend to cluster around the aviation hubs with extensive connectivity The aviation market is expected to grow robustly over the next 20 years With a third runway, HKIA could accommodate its forecast demand up to 2030 and possibly beyond, a substantial boost to Hong Kong’s economy Many neighboring cities are developing their airports to respond to the rising demand Cost Benefit Analysis

Cost Benefit Analysis:

Cost Benefit Analysis

Risk Management:

Risk Management Improvements that can be made to the construction methodologies in order to further reduce environmental impacts: Adoption of minimum underwater piling Adoption of non-dredged reclamation with Vertical Drains methods Adoption of non-dredged reclamation with Deep Cement Mixing method

Thank you:

Thank you

Questions?:

Questions? Shabbir Akhtar PGPM 10, School of Marketing, Globsyn Business School – Global Campus Email: shabbir.pm10k@globsynbchool.com | Twitter: @strategian

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