holland presentation

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Holland presentation

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Slide 2:

The Netherlands also referred to as Holland DUTCH DAY 06/05/2010

Slide 3:

Netherlands borders the North Sea, Belgium and Germany to the east. The capital is Amsterdam. the seat of government is The Hague. The official language is Dutch Netherlands is a parliamentary democratic constitutional monarchy. The Netherlands was one of the first parliamentary democracies. The Netherlands is a founding member of the European Union (EU), NATO, OECD and WTO. The Netherlands

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The Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, Europol and judicial co-operation agency Eurojust are in The Hague. Netherlands together with Belgium and Luxembourg is part of the Benelux economic union. The Netherlands has a capitalist market-based economy, ranking 15th of 157 countries. The Netherlands

Demographics:

Demographics The Netherlands has an estimated population of 16,491,852 Life expectancy is 79 years for women and 78 for men The country has a migration rate of 2.55 migrants per 1,000 inhabitants, 80.9% Dutch, 2.4% Indonesian, 2.4% German, 2.2% Turkish, 2.0% Surinamese, 2.0% Moroccan, 0.8% Antillean and Aruban, and 6.0% others Dutch are the tallest people in the world, with an average height of 1.81 meters for adult males and 1.67 meters for adult females The Netherlands is the 25th most densely populated country in the world and the most densely in Europe

Economics:

Economics The Amsterdam Stock Exchange is the world's oldest stock exchange and is one of Europe's largest bourses Since the 16th century, shipping, fishing, trade, and banking have been leading sectors of the Dutch economy The Netherlands is one of the world's 10 leading exporting countries 16th largest economy in the world ranks 7th in GDP (nominal) per capita nearly 4%, well above the European average. unemployment in the Netherlands is at 4.1%, the lowest rate of all European Union member states

Economics:

Economics Port of Rotterdam being the largest port in Europe Amsterdam is the 5th busiest tourist destination in Europe One of the largest natural gas fields in the world The Dutch rank third worldwide in value of agricultural exports significant portion of Dutch agricultural exports are derived from fresh-cut plants, flowers, bulbs, a quarter of all world tomatoes, one-third of the world's chilis and cucumbers, and one-fifteenth of the world's apples.

Dutch companies:

Dutch companies Royal Dutch Shell (Anglo-Dutch 40/60) SBM Offshore Spyker Cars TNT Telfort TMF Group TomTom Transavia Unilever (Anglo-Dutch) Vedior Wolters Kluwer KPMG KPN Martinair Norfolkline NXP Océ Philips Rabobank Randstad ABN Amro AEGON Ahold Akzo Nobel Amstel ASML Holding Bavaria DAF Trucks DSM eBuddy Endemol Fortis (Belgian-Dutch) Friesland Foods Fugro Grolsch Hagemeyer Heineken International ING Group KLM (merged with Air France) C&A

The Beginning :

The Beginning The Netherlands part of the 17 provinces, which also included most of present-day Belgium, Luxembourg, and some land of France and Germany, ruled under the Spanish empire. In 1581 the Netherlands officially deposed Spain which lead to the “Eighty Years War”. On 30 January 1648 the independence of “ The Republic of the Seven United Netherlands ” was recognized

Golden Age:

Golden Age First thoroughly capitalist country in the world. Colonies and trading posts were established all over the world. Settlement began with the founding of New Amsterdam (New York) in 1614. Later in South Africa the Cape Colony in 1652. The Dutch owned 16,000 merchant ships. Amsterdam the wealthiest trading city in the world. First full-time stock exchange. Dutch East India Company and Dutch West India Company, known as the first multi-national companies expended Dutch colonialism through the 17th and 20th century. Plantation and corporate colonialism went on with Dutch Antilles, Suriname, Indonesia and more parts in Asia known as the “Dutch East Indies”. Spice trade and slavery trade were the key source of income during corporate colonialism.

French domination 1795–1814 :

French domination 1795–1814 On 19 January 1795 The French domination started. From 1806 to 1810, Kingdom of Holland was set up by Napoleon Bonaparte. This independent ruling did not meet Napoleon's expectations and he was forced to abdicate on 1 July 1810. He was succeeded by his five-year-old son Napoleon Louis Bonaparte meanwhile an army was send to invade the country and dissolved the Kingdom of Holland. The Netherlands remained part of the French Empire until the autumn of 1813 when Napoleon was defeated.

Kingdom of the Netherlands 1815–1940 :

Kingdom of the Netherlands 1815–1940 On 16 March 1815 William I of the Netherlands returned to the Netherlands and became the Sovereign King of the Netherlands. In 1815, the Congress of Vienna formed the United Kingdom of the Netherlands by expanding the Netherlands with Belgium and Luxembourg. Belgium rebelled and gained independence in 1830. when King William III of the Netherlands died with no surviving male heirs his daughter Queen Wilhelmina became the next Grand Duchess.

Battle against the Sea :

Battle against the Sea About 25% of its area and 21% of its population located below sea level 50% of its land lying less than one meter above sea level. On 14 December 1287, St. Lucia's flood affected the Netherlands and Germany killing more than 50,000 people The last major flood in the Netherlands was in 1953, several dikes in the southwest of the Netherlands collapsed. More than 1,800 people drowned. Windmills had come into use in order to pump water out of areas below sea level and to gain more land. In 1932, the Afsluitdijk was completed, blocking the former Southern Sea from the North Sea and thus creating the IJssel Lake, 2,500 square kilometers (965 sq mi) were reclaimed from the sea. [ After the 1953 disaster, the Delta project was launched. The goal of the was to reduce the risk of flooding in South Holland and Zeeland to once per 10,000 years. 3,000 kilometers of outer sea-dykes and 10,000 kilometers of inner, canal, and river dikes were crated. The Delta project is one of the largest construction efforts in human history and is considered by the American Society of Civil Engineers as one of the seven wonders of the modern world.

Politics:

Politics The Netherlands has been a constitutional monarchy since 1815 and a parliamentary democracy since 1848. In 2010, The Economist ranked The Netherlands as the tenth most democratic country in the world. The monarch is the head of state, at present Queen Beatrix. The head of government is the Prime Minister of the Netherlands, at presence Mark Rutte. The 150 members of the House of Representatives are elected in direct elections, which are held every four years The Netherlands is divided into provinces, each under a Governor and is also subdivided in water districts, governed by a water board each having authority in matters concerning water management The Netherlands takes part in UN, NATO and the EU One of the more controversial international issues surrounding the Netherlands is its liberal policy towards soft drugs, prostitution and same sex mariaes.

Religion:

Religion The Netherlands is one of the most secular countries in Western Europe with only 39% being religiously affiliated Roman Catholicism is the single largest religion Protestant Church of the Netherlands follows with 15% 850,000 Muslims 250,000 Buddhists 200,000 Hindus

Sport:

Sport 4.5 million of the 16 million people in the Netherlands are registered to one of the 35,000 sports clubs in the country Football is among the most popular sports, The Dutch Team is also referred to the “Orange Mechanics”, 2nd in World Cup 1974,1978, 2010 and European Cup Winners 1988 Other popular sports are speed skating, swimming, cycling, field hockey, volleyball, korfball, handball, equestrian sports, sailing, and tennis.

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