Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)

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OTEC is a process that converts Solar radiations to Electrical Power..!

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OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) BY: SHRUTHI PATNAM

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OTEC ,Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion is an energy technology that converts solar radiations to electrical power OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION : OTEC,Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion is an energy technology that converts solar radiation to electric power. As the ocean covers 70% of the earth surface, this makes it the worlds largest solar energy collector .

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HISTORY OF OTEC : In 1881,Jacques Arsene d’Arsonval a French physicist has proposed tapping thermal energy from ocean. In the year 1930 his student named Georges Claude built OTEC plant in Matanzas, Cuba which generated 22kw of power.

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TYPES OF OTEC POWER PLANTS : Land Based Power Plant Floating Power Plant

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WORKING OF OTEC :

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WHAT CAN WE USE OTEC FOR… BESIDES PRODUCING ELECTRICITY??? Fresh water & Sea Food

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ADVANTAGES OF OTEC : OTEC uses clean,renewable,natural resources. OTEC plant will not produce carbon dioxide or other polluting chemicals. OTEC can produce fresh water and electricity which is most significant in islands. The source of electricity form OTEC will reduce complete states dependency on imported fossil fuels.

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DIS-ADVANTAGES OF OTEC : OTEC produces electricity at present would cost more than electricity generated from fossil fuels at their current costs. Construction of OTEC plants and lying of pipes in costal waters may cause localized damage to near shore marine eco-system.

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FUTURE SCOPE : One of the critical problem of the next century will certainly be “Global Warming". OTEC is unique among all energy generation technologies. OTEC involves bringing up mineral rich water from depth of oceans in future.

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CONCLUSION: The fossil fuels in the future is consumed, so we had to find some alternative energy sources. OTEC is a source, which uses the renewable solar collector the sea, instead of an artificial collector. This can in the future be an alternative to the nuclear power and the fossil fuels. The problem is that this invention will be more expensive than the fossil fuels power plants, and it will take a long time before anyone will put some money in this project and outrival the now existing plants. But as long as the sun heats the waters of the oceans, the potential for power conversion though OTEC will always exist.