Body Language

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Basic Body Language Postures:

Basic Body Language Postures 2 1.OPEN / CLOSED: People with arms folded and legs crossed and bodies turned away are signalling that they are rejecting messages. People showing open hands, fully facing you and both feet planted on the ground are accepting them . 2.FORWARD/ BACK: When people are leaning forward and pointing towards you they are actively accepting or rejecting the message. When they are leaning back, looking up at the ceiling, doodling on a pad, cleaning their glasses they are either passively absorbing or ignoring it.

How Does Body Speak?:

How Does Body Speak? Like any spoken language, body language has words, sentences and punctuation . Each gesture is like a single word and one word may have several different meanings. 3


BODILY SPEAKING… 4 In a normal conversation between two persons, less than 35% of the social meanings is actually transmitted by words. So, at least 65% of it is conveyed through the body movements (non-verbal channel).

How Body Communicates, from head to toes:

How Body Communicates, from head to toes 5


HEAD 6 Head held high is a sign of honour , self-respect, confidence and interest towards others Bent head shows modesty, politeness or diffidence Head jerks head shakes and head nods…




FACE 8 Facial expressions reflect emotion, feelings and attitudes The face is an important source of information. Important source of nonverbal information and communicates a variety of emotions. In addition, eye contact, pupil size, and the smile provide additional cues to informed observers.


FACIAL EXPRESSIONS 9 Organ Action Emotion Forehead Wrinkles Anger Eyebrows Outer edges up Anger Nose Upward Contempt


EYES 10 Position Meaning Centered Focused Gazing Up Thinking Gazing Down Shame Gaze on the Side Guilty Wandering Disinterested, Bored


LIPS 11 Parted Relaxed, Happy Together Possibly Concerned Wide Open Very Happy / Very Angry


ARMS 12 Some cultures, like the Italians, use the arms freely. Others, like the Japanese, are more reserved Folding arms are interpreted by some social observers as a form of excluding self, “I am taking a defensive posture,” or “I disagree with what I am hearing .” Arms behind back , hands grasped is a sign of ease and control. Arms in front , hands grasped, common practice in most Asian countries, is a sign of mutual respect for others. Arms Crossed Angry, Disapproving Open Honest , Accepting


HANDS 13 On Top of the Head Amazement Scratching Head Puzzled , Confused Rubbing Eyes Tired Rubbing Chin folded Thinking, Timid, Shy


HANDS 14 Of all the body parts, the hands are probably used most for communicating non-verbally . Single-hand gestures and two-hand gestures Hand waves are used for greetings, beckoning, or farewells . Handshaking is a form of greeting Beckoning means come here Hand-holding among the same sex is a custom of special friendship and respect in several Middle Eastern and Asian countries. Clapping hands used to make applause to greet someone.


FINGERS 15 Action Emotion Fingers Interlocked Tense Pointing at you Angry OK Signal Fine V Sign Peace


FINGERS 16 The “O.K.” signal. (the thumb and forefinger form a circle) means “fine,” or “O.K.” in most cultures, “zero” or “worthless” in some parts of Europe “Thumb-up” means: “O.K.” “good job” or “fine” in most cultures Pointing. Pointing with the index finger is common in most places But it is considered impolite in Japan and China where they favor using the whole open hand.


LEGS AND FEET 17 In Asia, do not point with your toes. In Asia and some European countries, putting feet up on a desk or any other piece of furniture is very disrespectful. Sitting cross-legged, while common in North America and some European countries, is very impolite in other parts of the world. In most Asian countries, a solid and balanced sitting posture is the prevailing custom. In the Middle East and most parts of Asia, resting the ankle over the other knee risks pointing the sole of your shoe at another person, which is considered a rude gesture.


WALKING 18 Walking can reflect many characteristics of a culture. For example, In parts of Asia and some of the Middle Eastern countries, men who are friends may walk holding each other’s hand. In Japan and Korea, older women commonly walk a pace or two behind male companion. Asians often regard Western women as bold and aggressive, for they walk with a longer gait and a more upright posture .


MIRROR AND MATCH 19 Deep and intimate


COMPONENTS OF BODY LANGUAGE 20 Movements and gestures Body language must match message Stand and deliver Move with purpose


HOW TO STAND? 21 Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, knees relaxed. Stand up – shoulders should be straight and head held high so that you can make eye contact. This posture conveys confidence and helps you breathe more fully. Don't “hide”


WHAT TO DO WITH HANDS? 22 Begin with your hands in the "neutral position” Avoid hands in pockets Empty your hands Be aware of what your empty hands are doing Be aware of what your hands are doing even if they are not empty Don't point at the audience


BODY LANGUAGE AND GESTURES 23 Body Language Gesture Meaning Brisk and Erect walk This body language means confidence. Person standing with hands on hips This body language means readiness and aggression. Person sitting with legs crossed, foot kicking slightly This body language means boredom. Person sitting with legs apart This body language means an open and relaxed person. Person tapping or drumming with his fingers This body language means that the person is impatient. Patting/fondling hair This body language means lack of self confidence and insecurity. Tilting head quickly This body language indicates interest in some person or thing. Person walking with hands in pockets, shoulders hunched This body language shows a person in dejection.


BODY LANGUAGE AND GESTURES ( contd ) 24 Person brings hand to cheek The person is evaluating and thinking Touching, slightly rubbing nose The person is rejected, in doubt and maybe lying. Rubbing the eye The person is in doubt or disbelief. Hands clasped behind back The person is angry, frustrated and apprehensive. Person Stroking chin This indicates that the person is trying to make a decision. Person looking down, face turned away Just means disbelief. Someone biting nails This is a proof of insecurity and nervousness. Pulling or tugging the ear The person is indecisive. Person with prolonged tilted head Indicates boredom.


FOR ALL OF US… 25 Becoming sensitive to the clues of body language can help us communicate more effectively with students . We can understand what students are saying even when they are not talking. We can sense when students are silent and digesting information, or when they are silent and confused.


26 We can share feelings too strong or too difficult to be expressed in words , Or decode secret messages passing silently from person to person, And we may spot contradictions between what students say and what they really mean.

Slide 27:

27 Finally, we can learn to be more sensitive to our own bodies – to see how they express our feelings and to see ourselves as others see us.


We do not have bodies; we are our bodies. 28


THANKS! AND ….. 29 YOUR thoughts experiences questions