Category: Education

Presentation Description

this procedure written in Ayurvedic texts before the modern system takes birth, if possible we should follow a few things can make good Health and Immunity development.


Presentation Transcript

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Lord Dhanvantari Obeisance to

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Dinacharya adhyaya (Daily regimen)

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The chapter named Dinacharya will be explained, said by Atreya and other great sages.

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CONTENTS Pratarutthana: Getting up from sleep in brahma muhurta. Malotsarga: Voiding the excrements in right way. Acamana: Purificatory rite done daily. Danta dhavana: Cleaning with Danta kastha. Pranama: Obeisance to god and elders.

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Anjana: Application of collyrium to eyes. Nasya: Nasal medication. Gandusa: Mouth wash with oil and decoctions. Prayogika dhumapana: Inhalation of smoke. Gandha malya: Use of perfumes and garlands. Tambula: Pan chewing.

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Sadvrtta:Regimen of right conduct to be followed. Abhyanga: Having oil bath. Vyayama: Activities which produces tiredness to body. Udvartana: Massaging the body. Snana: Taking bath. Bhojana: Taking food. Sadacara: Following regimen of right conduct.

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The healthy person in order to protect his life, should get up in Brahmi muhurta, after considering the condition of digestion of food (of the previous night) whether properly done or not.

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Indu, the commentator says that the last yama of the is known as Brahma muhurta. Brahma muhurta is the best time for obtaining Brahma or knowledge. If one finds that the food taken in the previous night has not fully digested, he may sleep for some more time but not beyond sunrise on any day.

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Malotsarga don't do it

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After getting the urge of urine and faeces naturally, one should eliminate them, facing north. And if still dark, facing south; without initiating the urge by force.

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One should not void the urges at the places which are dirty, centre of road, cowshed, place of assembly, cow dung heap, gardens, ploughed lands, funeral places; in front or on the trees, in front of women, sacred things, facing cow, sun, moon, wind, fire, water, food, etc….

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At times of fear and persons who are debilitated (weak) may void the excrements as their wish. With the urge of elimination, one should not attend to any other work, just as no other therapy is undertaken without getting rid of the curable diseases.

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Acamana (sipping small quantity of water) should be done after contact with (inauspicious) things like, excreta, tears, muscle-fat, nails, hairs of animals; after taking bath, at the beginning and end of meals, getting up from sleep, after sneezing, at the commencement of worship of God, after a chariot ride etc….

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Acamana should be done facing north or east. Water should be mild boiled, with out any bubbles and it should not be alkaline in taste. The boiled water is taken in a Pancapatra (tumbler of copper or alloy of five metals) held in the left hand, little quantity of water is transferred with a copper spoon into the palm of right hand and water is sipped with out making any sound.

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Twigs of trees which possess astringent, bitter and pungent tastes should be used for brushing the teeth. For example…………

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Ficus bengalensis (Vata)

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Asana (vegisa) Termnalia tomentosa

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Calotropis gigantea Arka (Gilledu)

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Acacia catechu Khadira Chandri

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(Karanja) (kranugu) Pongamia pinnata

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Nerium indicum Karavira (Vadu ganneru)

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(Sarja) Vatica robusta

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(Arimeda) (Durgandhi candri) Vachellia farnesiana

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(Apamarga) (Uttarenu) Achyranthes aspera

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Jasminum grandiflorum (Maalati) (Jaaji)

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After cleaning the teeth, the gums are to be cleaned by rubbing with powders of vapya, trikatu, triphala, mixed with honey. Tongue should be cleaned with a scraper. It produces better taste, removes bad smell.

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Chairs, tooth brushes, slippers prepared from the stem of tree palash should not be used.

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Butea monosperma (Palash)

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God and elders should be worshipped, the one hundred and eighty sacred names of God should be repeated. Next the person should see his image in ghee kept in vessels of gold. Seeing ones own face in ghee was a custom in ancient India and was believed to bring good luck and dispels evils.

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Sauviranjanam (collyrium; prepared by antimony sulphide) should be applied to the eyes daily. By this the eyes become beautiful, capable of seeing even minute objects and eyes will be clean. The eye lashes become smooth and firm.

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Eyes are the repository of Tejas and are endangered by sleshma. Hence rasanjana should be applied to the eyes once a week regularly to drain kapha out.

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Rasanjana is prepared by boiling Daruharidra (stem) in water to a thick consistence. Berberis aristata (Daruharidra)

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Nasya should be done by using Anu taila. Nasya is also called Navana; Nastakarma. Nose is the gate way of head. The medicine that is put into it moves up the channels up to the arngataka; spreads to the whole of the (interior) of head, the channels of eyes, ears, throat and their veins.

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Persons who being use Nasya (nasal drops) daily, will have their skin, shoulders, neck face and chest strong, raised (prominent); good looking. Mouth will have pleasant smell, voice will be pleasant, will have effective sence organs.

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They will be devoid of wrinkles, grey hairs and black patches.

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Keeping the mouth filled with oil daily (for a few minutes in the morning) will prevent cracking and roughness of lips, dryness of mouth, diseases of teeth and disorders of voice.

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Kavalagraha Kavalagraha

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Decoctions of Khadira, Arimeda, etc… should be used for kavalagraha (mouth gargles). It will cure loss of appetite, bad taste, dirt and excess salivation also.

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Prayogika dhuma

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By the use of inhalations, diseases of organs located above the shoulder and diseases arising from the increase of vata and kapha will not arise. It is also called samana( palliative) and madhyama( moderate) .

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Increase of vata and kapha which are caused by the use of Anjana, can be overcome by Nasya; that caused by the use of Nasya by kavala and that caused by the use of kavala by dhuma.

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Gandha malya

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Use of perfumes, garlands, etc.., acts as aphrodisiacs, dispels inauspiciousness and improves one’s appearance. Cloths, flowers and footwear used by others should not be used. And also old, torn cloths, dirty and of gaudy red color should not be worn. Garlands should not be very long and not contain red flowers other than lotus. They should not be worn when going out of house.

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Tambula Tambula/pan

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Those desirous of good taste, cleanliness and good smell of the mouth may keep in the mouth tender leaves of Piper betle along with the following……

(Tambula) Piper bettle : 

(Tambula) Piper bettle

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(jati) Myristica fragrans (jajikaya)

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(Lavanga) Caryophyllus aromaticus

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Cinnamomum camphora (Karpura)

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Piper cubeba (Kankola)

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(Katuka) Picrorhiza kurroa

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Areca catechu Fruit of Areca (pugaphala)

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Ti is beneficial after getting up from sleep, after meals, bath, vomiting. Tambula is god to heart. It is harmful to those suffering from bleeding disorders, injury to chest, emaciation, eye diseases caused by the increase of dryness, poisons, fainting, intoxication and tuberculosis.

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Every person should adopt a profession to earn money for livelihood. The profession chosen must be a noble one like agriculture, trade, rearing animals, etc…; which is beneficial to himself and to others (dharmika vrtti).

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While going out of house, one should touch sacred objects, ghee and other auspicious materials; should take an umbrella and put on foot wear. One should not insult a dead body; not go in reverse direction to auspicious things.

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Way should be given (preference to go first) to the sick, aged, women, for those carrying loads, to brahmanas, etc…. One should not take shelter under the trees, buildings outside the town, slaughter houses, burial grounds even in day.

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After having developed desire for food and drinks, one should take Abhyanga (oil bath), using oils which possess the property of mitigating vata, having good smell and suitable to season. It promotes strength, sleep growth and firmness.

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It is useful in burns, fractures, wounds, pains tiredness, debility and old age. it is best for skin and should be applied especially to the head, ears and feet.

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Applied to the feet (soles) makes them strong, promotes sleep and vision. Cures loss of sensation, cracking of feet. It should be avoided by those suffering from diseases of kapha origin, indigestion and undergoing purificatory therapies.

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Activities which produces tiredness to the body are known as Vyayama (exercise). Lightness of the body, increased capacity to work, keen appetite, reduction of body fat and parts of body becoming distinct and firm are the good effects of exercise.

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Should be avoided by persons suffering from diseases of vata and pitta origin, by young children, old people and those who are suffering from indigestion.

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Vyayama should be to half their capacity during cold seasons (hemanta, sisira) and vasanta rutu (spring) and in other seasons it should be still less. Too much exercise leads to thirst, emaciation, pratamaka (difficulty in breathing); bleeding from nose, throat, fever, cough vomitings etc….

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Massaging the body mitigates kapha, liquefies the fat, makes the body parts firm and is best for the health of skin.

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Massage is done by using a fine powder of astringent substance. Massaging in opposite direction of follicles, with high pressure is known as Udvartana. It helps to dilate channels and increase the power of Bhrajaka pitta in the skin.

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Snana Snana

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Snana improves appetite; sexual vigour; span of life; strength; it removes itching, dirt, exertion, sweat, thirst, burning sensation, etc…. Bath is not good for persons suffering from facial paralysis; diseases of eye, mouth and ears; diarrhea, distention of abdomen, indigestion and soon after taking food.

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Pouring hot water below the head is strengthening while the same over the head diminishes the strength of the hairs and eyes. Bathing should not be done without wetting the head, with very little water or with very cold water

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One should consume food after offering prayers to god. one should not eat food solely for himself; offered by slaves, impotent, sinner, cruel also should not be eaten. All the types of food prepared from Tila (sesamum) should not be taken after sunset. Water should not be drunk from the palms of the hand.

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Food should not be eaten keeping it above the level of chest (keeping on the table). After taking food, person should neither exert himself nor indulge in forbidden comforts.

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Afternoons should be spent in the company of persons who are liked, who are good and helpful, engage oneself in reading stories dealing with more of dharma, moderate artha and least kama. One should offer respects to persons such as the wealthy, relatives, aged, learned and those possessing high moral character.

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One should not see the stars, eclipse, moon and sun without intent (without any preparation). One should not do any other work while engaged in worship of gods; nor reveal the specific day of fortnight nor star of the day. One should not touch the parts of body above the umblicus by the cloths worn beneath.

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Persons should avoid the ten sinful acts and should conquer the internal enemies. The ten sinful acts pertain to body (kaya), speech (vang) and mind (manas).

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Sins pertaining to body: Himsa: cruelty. Stheya: stealing. Asyathakamam: unlawful sex.

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Sins pertaining to speech: Paisunya: maligning, slandering. Parusa: abusive words, harsh speech. Anrta: falsehood, untruth. sambhinnalapa: speech causing separation, dissention. Sins pertaining to mind: Vyapada: hatred ness, quarrel. Abhidya: jealousy, greed. Drgviparyaya: finding fault, misunderstanding.

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By adopting the rules and regimen described in Dinacharya, one can reduce rajas and tamo gunas and can increase the satva guna. The life of person which is endowed with wealth, health, practice of dharmakaryas for long years is known as ‘Sukha Ayu’. By adopting and practicing Dinacharya, one can attain permanent happiness or moksha.

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This is the end of the third chapter in the sutrasthana of Astangasangraha.

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Presented by, Dr. M. srinivas Naik (Medical Officer) Govt.ayurvedic college Vijayawada-A.P

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