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Commands:

Commands Sra. Melo

affirmative tú commands:

affirmative tú commands We use affirmative tú commands to tell one friend/family member what to do. Do NOT use subject pronouns (i.e. tú, Ud., nosotros, etc.) with commands. To form an affirmative tú command, simply use the Ud./él/ella form of the verb in the present tense. ex.: hablar  ¡Habla! comer  ¡Come! escribir  ¡Escribe!

irregular affirmative tú commands:

irregular affirmative tú commands

negative tú commands:

negative tú commands We use negative tú commands to tell one friend/family member what NOT to do. Do NOT use subject pronouns (i.e. tú , Ud ., nosotros , etc.) with commands. To form a negative tú command, follow these steps: 1. go to the " yo " form present tense 2. drop away the "o" 3. add the "opposite vowel" endings (for - ar verbs this is an e and for - er and - ir verbs this is an a) +s. Don’t forget the “no”! ex: hablar  ¡No hables ! comer  ¡No comas! escribir  ¡No escribas !

negative tú commands – car/gar/zar verbs:

negative tú commands – car/gar/ zar verbs car/gar/zar verbs change spelling in the negative tú command forms. The spelling changes are: ex: empezar  ¡No empieces! pagar  ¡No pagues! tocar  ¡No toques! car ques gar gues zar ces

Ud. & Uds. commands:

Ud . & Uds . commands We use Ud . & Uds . commands to tell more than one friend/family member or those unfamiliar to us what/ what NOT to do. Do NOT use subject pronouns (i.e. tú , Ud ., nosotros , etc.) with commands. To form an Ud ./ Uds . command, follow these steps: 1. go to the " yo " form present tense 2. drop away the "o" 3. add the "opposite vowel" endings (for - ar verbs this is an e and for - er and - ir verbs this is an a) for an Ud . command and the opposite vowel ending + n for an Uds . command. ex: hablar  ¡ Hable ! ( Ud . command) ¡ Hablen ! ( Uds . command) comer  ¡Coma! ( Ud . command) ¡ Coman ! ( Uds . command) escribir  ¡ Escriba ! ( Ud . command) ¡ Escriban ! ( Uds . command)

irregular Ud./Uds. commands:

irregular Ud ./ Uds . commands Uds . command estén den sean vayan sepan

Ud./Uds.commands – car/gar/zar verbs:

Ud ./ Uds.commands – car/gar/ zar verbs car/gar/zar verbs change spelling in the negative tú command forms. The spelling changes are: ex: empezar  ¡No empiece(n)! pagar  ¡No pague(n)! tocar  ¡No toque(n)! car que (n) gar gue (n) zar ce (n)

nosotros commands:

nosotros commands We nosotros commands when we’re part of a group and we want to say “Let’s ___!”. Do NOT use subject pronouns (i.e. tú , Ud ., nosotros , etc.) with commands. To form a nosotros command, follow these steps: 1. go to the " yo " form present tense 2. drop away the "o" 3. add the "opposite vowel" endings (for - ar verbs this is an e and for - er and - ir verbs this is an a) +mos. ex: hablar  ¡ Hablemos ! comer  ¡ Comamos ! escribir  ¡ Escribamos !

nosotros commands – car/gar/zar verbs:

nosotros commands – car/gar/ zar verbs car/gar/zar verbs change spelling in the nosotros command form just as in the negative tú, Ud., & Uds. command forms. The spelling changes are: ex: empezar  ¡Empecemos! pagar  ¡Paguemos! tocar  ¡Toquemos! car quemos gar guemos zar cemos

nosotros commands – stem changers:

nosotros commands – stem changers The only verbs that will stem change in nosotros commands are –ir stem changers. The only possible stem changers are: e i & ou. Here are some examples: pedir  ¡P i damos! dormir  ¡D u rmamos!

nosotros commands – reflexive verbs:

nosotros commands – reflexive verbs Reflexive verbs are a bit tricky in the nosotros command form. Look at the infinitive form of the verb and ignore the –se at the end. Form the command as your normally would. Omit the final –s. Add – monos and an accent mark at the end. Here are some examples: levantarse  ¡ Levantémonos ! acostarse  ¡ Acostémonos ! * vestirse  ¡ V i stámonos ! *Stem-changing rules still apply.

irregular nosotros commands:

irregular nosotros commands infinitive nosotros command estar estemos dar demos ser seamos ir vayamos saber sepamos

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