PSHS-Power Point-Detail (Adult)

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The PLEASANT STREET HISTORIC DISTRICT :

“Ancestral Gainesville” The PLEASANT STREET HISTORIC DISTRICT

What does it mean to be an Historic District?:

National Register of Historic Places Recognizes achievements of early settlers, historical and architectural significance Helps protect and restore historic buildings (image nps.gov) What does it mean to be an Historic District?

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A map of the District: The district is bounded by NW 8 th Ave. in the North and NW 2 nd Ave. in the South and is between NW 1 st and 6 th Streets. The Pleasant Street Historic District was named after Pleasant Street, today called NW 2 nd Street.

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“ These pioneer settlers proceeded to carve out the pristine woodsy area, choosing home sites. Each carefully choosing sites large enough for large flower gardens and with back yards large enough for small family vegetable gardens and small yards for chickens. In a few cases the family owned a milk cow for family use. “[T]his unusual group of pioneers included: carpenters, bakers , barbers, painters, blacksmiths, ministers, musicians, tailors seamstresses, draymen (wagon drivers), hackmen ( carriage drivers), liverymen, doctors and shoe cobblers. All of whom were ready to begin building a neighborhood. Churches, a public school, theaters, playgrounds, etc. were built. Having developed (and beautifully) the woodsy area into a neighborhood – the Pleasant Street Area (once the main area for Negro business and amusement sites) was born .” ~ Origin and Brief Authentic History of the First Development of African American Settlers of the City of Gainesville, Claronelle Smith Griffin

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1868 Jury List (Page 1 of 5) People resident in neighborhood in 1868 on Jury List 79. Johnson Chestnut 82. Leooms Davis 83. Primus Plear (Player) 88. Henry James 93. Henry Gains 94. Richard McRae 100. Frank Whitaker 104 James Hughes 109. Solomon Smith 173. Thomas Whitaker 177. W.A. Colclough 180. Boston Frazier ? 271. J.W. McRae 283. Armstrong Ferguson Included was Theodore W. Gass, Pres. of the Board of County Commission

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Professor John W. Gass

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Annie Gass , wife of Professor John W. Gass

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Annie Gass House built circa 1894

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Jane Elliott , wife of Jack Elliott, minister and alderman

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? Peter McCray ? Minna McCray Rosetta McCray Smith ? George Smith

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Rosetta McCray Smith

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? Peter McCray ? Minna McCray Rosetta McCray Smith ? George Smith Virgil Smith, Sr.

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? Peter McCray ? Minna McCray Rosetta McCray Smith ? George Smith Virgil Smith, Sr. Virgil Smith, Sr. Mamie V. Weeks Smith Claronelle Smith Griffen Virgil Smith, Jr.

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George and Rosetta Smith House

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Family portrait: Virgil Sr. and Mamie Smith with children Virgil Jr. and Claronelle

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James Smith , brother of Virgil Smith, Sr.

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Mattie J. Smith , wife of James Taylor

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Rosetta Smith Taylor , circa 1930

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? Peter McCray ? Minna McCray Rosetta McCray Smith ? George Smith Virgil Smith, Sr. Mamie V. Weeks Smith Claronelle Smith Griffen Virgil Smith, Jr. James Smith Mattie J. Smith Rosetta Smith Taylor

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Baseball Photo: “The Central City Nine” , 1900

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Josiah T. Walls, 1880

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Rosa B. Williams Center

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Mt. Pleasant Church, founded in 1867

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Mt. Pleasant Church , interior, 1938

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Bessie Mae Watts Brown

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Interior of Mt. Pleasant, a birthday party for Bessie Brown (far right)

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Dr. Julius and Delia Whitaker Parker House , built before 1877

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Dr. Julius W. Parker, 1903

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Hughes and Chestnut Funeral Home Chestnut Funeral Home

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Charles S. Chestnut Jr. and Sr . and Matthew Hughes Sr. and Jr.

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New Lincoln High School Football Team in 1923

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Ed Chestnut , photo: 1890

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Charles Chestnut IV and Charles S. Chestnut III

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The Garrison Boarding School on Grove Street

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The Garrison Boarding School today is restored as a residence. Photo, 1985

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Edward and Julia Plummer Martin , circa 1885

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Charles W. Duval, (1876-1933)

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Four generations , Duval Family. Photo, 1910

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Friendship Baptist Church , founded in 1888

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Friendship’s stained glass windows

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Friendship’s Sunday School class

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D.E. White Building , built in 1919

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Mrs. Susie Mae White

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S.H. Hendley

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Hendley House

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Alvin C. Butler, Jr. (top left) is shown with his parents and family members.

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Mamie Miller , great aunt of Alvin C. Butler, Jr., circa 1913

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Lular Anderson's memorial quilt exhibition, Gainesville Regional Airport in 1993

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Original Mt. Carmel, 1938 photo

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Rev. James H. and Mrs. Matthews - Pastor of Mt. Carmel

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Roberts Matthews House

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Mt. Carmel - cut down and turned into parsonage - circa 1949

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Rev. and Mrs. Bellamy , pastor of AME Church

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Dr. E. H. DeBose , Lucille Bellamy DeBose , Edith DeBose McCollum, Mamie Trapp DeBose , Jacob DeBose , and Edward H. DeBose , Jr.

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W.H. and Reba Lee Bryan House , built in 1894

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W.H. and Reba Lee Bryan

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Dr. Robert B. Ayer, Sr. , barber & medical doctor

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Dr. R. B. and Adrianna Colclough Ayer House on Columbia Street, circa 1902

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Ayer House on Columbia Street. Dr. Ayer’s second wife was Ella Whitaker Ayer

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Ella Whitaker Ayer

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R.B. Ayer, Jr., retired biology teacher at Eastside High School. Photo, 1960

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Lincoln High School - Class of 1945

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Ella Davis , “Baker” Davis, operated a bakery.

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Sam and Fannie Cook House , built about 1895

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Fannie Cook with Gaston T. Cook, Sr., circa 1903

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Metts House

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Lang Estate

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The Dunbar Hotel , before restoration, circa 1936

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The Dunbar Hotel today, renovated by the City of Gainesville in 1998

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Dr. Stafford's House , residence and Dentist Office

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The Williams House on N.W. 4th Avenue, before restoration, 1990

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Williams House , after restoration

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The Scrivens House , built circa 1890, before restoration

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Scrivens House restored, 1994

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Alyne Harris , artist and Mt. Pleasant member (image redpianotoo.com)

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Alyne Harris, “The Choir”, 1985

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The PLEASANT STREET HISTORIC DISTRICT Slide Program The Original “Ancestral Gainesville” slide program, initiated by Monica Smith, was organized in 1989. Since the 1990s , this program has been shown in schools, libraries and to community organizations to enhance our appreciation of local history. Credits: Monica Smith, long time community activist, was the founder of the Pleasant Street Historic Society, organized in 1985. She approached the pastors of area churches for assistance in producing this slide program. Mount Pleasant Methodist Episcopal Church and also Friendship Baptist Church participated. With their support, family members looked through their old photo albums thereby documenting the early development of the Pleasant Street area. These photos were then made into slides. The original photos were carefully returned to their family albums again. Resource persons, descendants of early Gainesville settlers: Claronelle Smith Griffin, a music teacher and Historian Emeritus of the Pleasant Street Historic Society was born and raised in the Pleasant Street Historic District. Mamie Parks McClellan Williams, Mount Pleasant United Methodist Church Historian, 2005 to present, was born and raised in the historic 5 th Avenue neighborhood. She taught elementary education at Duval Elementary, Gainesville, FL; Yulee, FL; Long Beach, Long Island, NY, Saint Louis, MO and Park Forest, South, IL. Robert Ayer was born and raised in the Pleasant Street Historic District. He graduated from Lincoln High School and was an Alachua County biology teacher for 37 years. Information on the National Register from www.nps.gov/nr Credit for information on Johnson and Lawrence Chestnut goes to Karen Kirkman and Historic Haile Homestead, Inc. Current presentation organized in 2011 by: Donna Drake, artist and founding member of PSHS, she was ARTSREACH coordinator for the City of Gainesville, 1984-2005. Power Point Presentation created with the help of the University of Florida Samuel Proctor Oral History Program: Ryan Morini , UF graduate student Keilani Jacquot, UF alumnus, SPOHP volunteer

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