IMPROVEMENT IN CROP MANAGEMENT AND STORAGE: IMPROVEMENT IN CROP MANAGEMENT AND STORAGE CROP MANAGEMENT: CROP MANAGEMENT Crop management in detail…: Crop management in detail… Crop management is the branch of horticulture concerned with agricultural practices used to improve the growth, development, and yield of agricultural crops The principal crop-managing practices vary according to the class of crops. for example: Winter crops require autumn topdressing with mineral fertilizers to improve winterhardiness of the plants, snow retention, spring topdressing, and harrowing. enemies in the crop management: enemies in the crop management Begrada bugs aphids xanthium weed parthenium weed STORAGE OF GRAINS: STORAGE OF GRAINS FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR STORAGE LOSSES ARE: BIOTIC-Insects , rodents, fungi, mites, and bacteria. ABIOTIC-Inappropriate moisture and temperatures in the place of storage . Impact of poor storage on food grains: Impact of poor storage on food grains These factors may cause degradation in quality, loss in weight , poor germ inability , discolouration of produce ,all leading to POOR MARKETABILITY. CONTROLLING POOR STORAGE:
CONTROLLING POOR STORAGE Preventive and control measures are used before grains are stored for future use. They include strict cleaning of the produce before storage ,proper drying of the produce first in sun and then in shade ,and fumigation using chemicals that can kill pests . These practices are very important before the consumption of food grain Due to this market
of grains grows and poor p In India due to this poor storage tonnes of food grains are been spoiled.
Impact of poor storage: Impact of poor storage In India due to this poor storage tonnes of food grains are been spoiled. Due to this market inflation of grains grows and poor people does not have anything to eat Government and FCI ( food corporation of India ) should take it seriously and improve theil methods of storage How can we improve crop management: How can we improve crop management Government should take a regular and responsible check on type ,quality and quantity of crop grown in a perticular area. People should encourage organic farming and use of manure. Or if needed then only sufficient quantity of fertilizers. Government should make use of grain silos for storage of food grains in place of gunny bags. Government should take care of stored grains properly. Slide 10: THANK YOU