RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INDIAN MASSES AND RAILWAY ppt

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Slide 1: 

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INDIAN MASSES AND RAILWAY

INDIAN RAILWAY OVERVIEW : : 

INDIAN RAILWAY OVERVIEW : FOUNDATION : APRIL 16, 1853, NATIONALISED IN 1951. HEADQUARTERS : NEW DELHI, INDIA. 24X7X365 OPERATIONS. SLOGAN : “LIFELINE OF THE NATION”

Indian Railways- An Introduction : 

Indian Railways- An Introduction The plan for a rail system in India was first put in the year 1832, In 1844, Two new railway companies were created and the East India Company was asked to assist them. investors from the UK and raw materials from the India led to the rapid creation of a rail system over the next few years.

Slide 5: 

In a way, the railway station has an interesting history. It started off as a single pole among a number of trees and has developed through history into a well defined platform with roof. One can also notice today that the station actually starts off as a platform with a roof which transforms into a complex building, cinema hall, shopping mall & what not; and all these due to the technological advancements, social changes & changes in the economical structure of the countries.

Slide 6: 

One of most important aspects of a railway terminal is its design. Always, the design of a station building connects the viewer with the period in history, when it was built. In some of the interior regions of countries, the terminal was made to look like a house, fortress or church etc. One may notice that the form of the railway station and use of materials and finishes and the visual aspects are all dependent upon the country, its climatic conditions, social structure economical condition etc. For instance, in third world countries, stations have never been designed until recently. They have developed on their own, with the changes in functional requirements. On the contrary, in countries like USA and Britain, most of the stations have been designed by qualified / specialized people.

Slide 7: 

16th April, 1853...............The Beginning The first railway on Indian sub-continent ran over a stretch of 21 miles from Bombay to Thane. The idea of a railway to connect Bombay with Thane, Kalyan and with the Thal and Bhore Ghats first occurred to Mr. George Clark, the Chief Engineer of the Bombay Government, during a visit to Bhandup in 1843. The formal inauguration ceremony was performed on 16th April 1853, when 14 railway carriages carrying about 400 guests left Bori Bunder at 3.30 pm "amidst the loud applause of a vast multitude and to the salute of 21 guns."

Slide 8: 

The first passenger train steamed out of Howrah station destined for Hooghly, a distance of 24 miles, on 15thAugust, 1854. Thus the first section of the East Indian Railway was opened to public traffic, inaugurating the beginning of railway transport on the Eastern side of the sub-continent. In south the first line was opened on 1st July, 1856 by the Madras Railway Company. It ran between Veyasarpandy and Walajah Road (Arcot), a distance of 63 miles. In the North a length of 119 miles of line was laid from Allahabad to Kanpur on 3rd March 1859. The first section from Hathras Road to Mathura Cantonment was opened to traffic on 19th October, 1875.

Slide 9: 

These were the small beginnings which is due course developed into a network of railway lines all over the country. By 1880 the Indian Railway system had a route mileage of about 9000 miles. INDIAN RAILWAYS, the premier transport organization of the country is the largest rail network in Asia and the world’s second largest under one management. Indian Railways runs around 11,000 trains everyday, of which 7,000 are passenger trains.

Slide 10: 

7566 – Locomotives 37,840 - Coaching vehicles 222,147 - Freight wagons 6853 - Stations 300 – Yards 2300 – Good sheds 700 - Repair shops 1.54 million - Work force

INDIAN RAILWAY MEANS: : 

INDIAN RAILWAY MEANS: EVERY DAY PEOPLE GOING FOR THEIR JOB WE HAWKERS AUTORIKSHAW- WALA, RIKSHA WALA RAILWAY WORKERS AND

Slide 12: 

RETAILER MIGRATED PEOPLE FROM VILLAGE RAILWAY LABOURER POLICE

Slide 13: 

EVERY TYPES OF PEOPLE : OLD, DISABLED, PEOPLE FROM DIFFERENT COMMUNITIES - VILLAGE, URBAN ETC AND MORE

Slide 14: 

TOGETHER, WE ALL MAKE IT COMPLETE

ARCHTECTURAL CONCEPT : RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INDIAN MASSES AND RAILWAY : 

ARCHTECTURAL CONCEPT : RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INDIAN MASSES AND RAILWAY According to my opinion in common word for all type of architectural work or design : it should reflect the society, the thinking of the people living there, designing our building according to the Indian modern requirements or “the design according to the Indian masses”)

THE STATION LIFECYCLE : : 

THE STATION LIFECYCLE : AS THE ASSET OF SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS, STATION ARE ON PUBLIC DISPLAY AND POPULARLY REFLECT UPON THEIR OWNERS AND OPERATORS.(i.e. GOVT. AND US). CONSUMERS ARE BECOMING INCREASINGLY SOPHISTICATED TOO, DEMANDING HIGHER STANDARDS OF SERVICE TOGATHER WITH BETTER VALUE FOR MONEY. STATION, THEN MUST POSSESS THE AMENABLE TO CHANGE. STATIONS MUST BE ROBUST AND STRAIGHT FORWARD TO MAINTAIN, SO THAT THEY POSSES THE DESIRED LONGEVITY AND REFLECT WELL UPON THE RAILWAYS USING THEM.

NATURE OF BUILDING : : 

NATURE OF BUILDING : “WE SHAPE OUR BUILDINGS, AND AFTERWARDS THEY SHAPE US” WINSTON CHURCHILL THIS IS AS TRUE of railway station as for other building types, There is no such thing as a building disconnected from the lives of its users.

INDIAN RAILWAY STATION BUILDINGS : 

INDIAN RAILWAY STATION BUILDINGS In India station buildings vary, some are no more than a collection of old wagons and coaches, while there are others as outstanding in design, as magnificent in construction and as well provided in ordinary comforts for passengers, as anywhere in the world. The average railway station in India consists of the large brick structure providing accommodation for offices, and a waiting hall for passengers.

Slide 21: 

In addition, according to the importance of the station or the pressure of passenger traffic, provision is made for separate waiting rooms for passengers of various classes, and for men and women, and for refreshment rooms and restaurants,. The platforms, covered or uncovered, vary in number and in dimensions, Separate station offices, platforms, and sheds are generally provided to deal with goods traffic. Overhead bridges and in recent times underground subways enable passengers to cross from one platform to the other.

ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE : 

ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE Operational deputy superintendent Station superintendent deputy station superintendent Assistant station master

The various amenities and services that have been provided at the platform are listed below: : 

The various amenities and services that have been provided at the platform are listed below: Waiting rooms For reserved passengers For physically handicapped For ladies For upper class reserved group For A.C. and first class passengers Official Assistance desk Main office of the Railway police force & Rapid Action Force Electric Fitters & Train lighting staff rooms Telephone booths Assistance to handicap - wheelers Movement Control Office – for the Defense personnel Apart from the regular amenities that are a part of each platform; this platform additionally houses the offices of various staff officials:

Slide 24: 

Station manager Station master Station superintendent Chief train clerk Section engineer Deputy station superintendent Head ticket collector Civil Defense Operation Centre Apart from the regular amenities that are a part of each platform; this platform additionally houses the offices of various staff officials: Station Superintendent Station Master (with a complaint box outside) Train Examiner & Electricity & Light Maintenance Inspector Special Intelligence Branch Telecom Inspector Parcel Sorting Office (Railway Mail Service) District Bag Office (Railway Mail Service) Power Duty Room Senior Section Engineer (Meter Gauge) Western Railway Majdoor Sangh (Meter Gauge)

INDIAN RALWAY STATION SERVE A RANGE OF PRACTICAL OBJECTIVES WITH US : : 

INDIAN RALWAY STATION SERVE A RANGE OF PRACTICAL OBJECTIVES WITH US : ACCESS POINT FOR TRAIN SERVICE, WITH APPROPRIATE FACILITIES, SUCH AS TICKET SALES. PROVISION OF OPERATION FACILITIES, SUCH AS STAFF ACCOMODATION AND TRAIN PROVISIONING.

Slide 26: 

PROVISION OF COMMERCIAL FACILITIES, SUCH AS RETAIL. INDIAN RALWAY STATION SERVE A RANGE OF PRACTICAL OBJECTIVES :

INTERCHANGES like transport, language, social, cultural, people from different job sectors like post office, police, etc. : 

INTERCHANGES like transport, language, social, cultural, people from different job sectors like post office, police, etc.

Slide 28: 

GATEWAYS INTO TOWNS/ CITIES/ COMMERCIAL SPACE- PROVIDING A ‘SENSE OF ARRIVAL’. FOCAL POINTS FOR COMMUNITIES. INDIAN RALWAY STATION SERVE A RANGE OF PRACTICAL OBJECTIVES : HOTELS AUTO HAWKERS

WHAT DO PASSENGERS WANT ? : 

WHAT DO PASSENGERS WANT ? PASSENGERS WANT, IN ORDER OF PRIORITY, IMPROVEMENTS IN THE FOLLOWING AREAS : CONGESTION CLEANLINESS STATION SIGNBOARD APPEARANCE OF TICKET HALL AND ACCESS TICKET HALL CONGESTION SIGNBOARD

Slide 30: 

BRIGHTNESS OF LIGHTING STATE OF REPAIR OF PLATFORM DRAUGHTS IN ACCESS AREA ON PLATFORMS LITTER : messy place APPEARANCE OF PLATFORMS SEATS ON PLATFORMS WHAT DO PASSENGERS WANT? NO PROPER LIGHTING

INTERECTION WITH INDIANS AS COMMERCIAL NEEDS: : 

INTERECTION WITH INDIANS AS COMMERCIAL NEEDS: STATIONS AS PRODUCTS IN THIS CASE A STATION – MUST BE EFFICIENT, EFFECTIVE, SATISFYING TO USE, AND CAPABLE OF ADAPTATION TO MEET PASSENGER AND OPERATIONAL NEEDS THROUGHOUT ITS LIFE. STATIONS AS PART OF CORPORATE BRAND effective for architects, effective design of stations– coordinated product design- will support the overall brand being presented through introducing clarity, consistency and strength of image. Design for each elements as ticket office, signage, way finding, retail and furniture may be unified into a single related family of branded products, serving smoothly to the passenger and workers too.

INTERECTION WITH INDIANS AS COMMERCIAL NEEDS: : 

INTERECTION WITH INDIANS AS COMMERCIAL NEEDS: RENFORCING THE ITNEGRITY OF RAIL TRAVEL INDIAN RAILWAY PROVIDE A COMFORTABLE, SAFE, SECURE AND RELIABLE MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION. TRAVELLING BY TRAIN CAN FREE US FROM THE TYPES OF STRESS AND UNCERTAINTY ASSOCIATED WITH LONG JOURNEYS ON CONGESTED ROADS.INDIAN RAILWAY CAN ALL THE TIME STRIVE TO OFFER BETTER SERVICES THROUGH EXPLOTING NEW TECHNOLOGY IN SHORT, INDIAN RAILWAY CAN OFFER A FUNDAMENTAL INTEGRITY UNAVAILABLE TO OTHER MODES OF TRANSPORT. CREATING THE PERCEPTION OF INNOVATION PASSENGERS SHOULD PERCEIVE NEW AND MODERNIZED STATIONS AS INNOVATIVE, MODERN AND EFFICIENT, YET FUNTIONAL AND COST EFFECTIVE.

PROPOSED ESTIMATES (2009): : 

PROPOSED ESTIMATES (2009): INVEST RS 37,500 CR. – 21% MORE THAN THE PREVIOUS YEAR. TRAFFIC FACILITY WORKS- RS 984 CR. NEW LINE – RS 1730 CR. GAUGE CONVERSION – RS 2489 CR. ELECTRIFICATION – RS 626 CR. TRACK RENEWALS – RS 3600 CR. SIGNAL AND TELECOMMUNICATION WORK – RS. 1520 CR.

I.T. IN INDIAN RAILWAY VISION 2012 : : 

I.T. IN INDIAN RAILWAY VISION 2012 : DEVELOP NATIONWIDE COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE. DEVELOP A CENTRALIZED INFORMATION SYSTEM. ONLINE MONITORING OF ROLLING STOCK. MODERN AND AUTOMATIC SIGNALLING SYSTEM.

BENEFITS: : 

BENEFITS: INCREASES OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY. TRANSPARENCY IN WORKING. SEAMLESS INTEGRATION ON NATION-WIDE RAILWAYS. SAFETY OF RAILWAY OPERATIONS. VALUE-ADDED SERVICES INCREASED PRODUCTIVITY. FREIGHT REVENUE ENHANCEMENT. PASSENGER REVENUE ENHANCEMENT. INVESTMENT OPTIMIZATION.

STATIONS AS FOCAL POINTS FOR INTEGRATED SYSTEM OF TRANSPORTATION FOR US: : 

STATIONS AS FOCAL POINTS FOR INTEGRATED SYSTEM OF TRANSPORTATION FOR US: COMPLEX CITY INTERCHANGES (RAIL, METRO, BUS, AND TAXI SERVICES MAY MEET) BUS- RAIL INTERCHANGES.(ranchi railway station) AIRPORT RAILWAY STATION (FOR TRANFER BETWEEN RAIL AND AIR SERVICES) ex : Dum Dum Airport to Howrah Railway Station via Bagbazar. SEAPORT RAILWAY STATIONS (FOR TRANSFER BETWEEN RAIL AND SHIP SERVICES) ex : railway at JAWAHARLAL NEHRU PORT, daronagiri, Mumbai

SMALL TOWN AND RURAL STATION : : 

SMALL TOWN AND RURAL STATION : THERE IS A NEED FOR A STANDARDIZED DESIGN OF WAITING SHELTER, ROBUST BUT STYLISH, THAT WILL CREATE A FAVOURABLE IMPRESION AMONGST PASSENGERS. REAL-TIME INFORMATION MAY BE PROVIDED USING A TV SCREEN, RECEIVING INFORMATION FROM CONTROL ROOM BY RADIO. A ‘HELP POINT MAY BE PROVIDED TO ENABLE PASSENGERS TO SPEAK TO CONTROL ROOM STAFF.(PUBLIC TELEPHONE FREE CHARGE). REGULAR CLEANING, ARRANGEMENTS FOR ON TIME REPAIR OF VANDALISM, PLACING OF INFORMATION POSTERS, ETC.

THE OBJECTIVES OF STATION DESIGN FOR BETTER COMFORT FOR PASSENGERS: : 

THE OBJECTIVES OF STATION DESIGN FOR BETTER COMFORT FOR PASSENGERS: ARCHITECTURAL QUALITY AS A MARKETING RESOURCE A UNIFORMLY GOOD STANDARD OF DESIGN IS A MEANS OF ATTRACTING PASSENGER TO RAIL. GOOD STATIONS IMPROVE THE IMAGE OF STATION. PERCEPTIBLE HOUSE STYLE A COHERENT APPROACH IS NECESSARY ,IF ARCHITECTURAL DIVERSITY IS NOT TO Result IN confusion. SIGNAGE, FURNITURE AND COLOUR ARE ALL DEFINED WITHIN THE HOUSE STYLE. PUBLIC SAFETY AND PROTECTION HIGH VISIBILITY IS REQUIRED

THE OBJECTIVES OF STATION DESIGN FOR BETTER COMFORT FOR PASSENGERS: : 

THE OBJECTIVES OF STATION DESIGN FOR BETTER COMFORT FOR PASSENGERS: PROMITION OF ‘UMBRELLA’ CONCEPT A PROTECTIVE ‘UMBRELLA’ IS REQUIRED, NOT ONLY PROTECTING THE PLATFORMS AND ACCESS BUT ALSO AS AN ARCHITECTURAL MEANS OF MAKING THE PLATFORMS. PROPER RESPECT FOR PAST VALUES HISTORIC BUILDINGS NEED TO BE PROTECTED, BUT ALSO MODERNIZED TO FULFIL MODERN EXPECTATIONS. STRONG INTEGRATION WITH URBAN SURROUNDINGS STATION NEED TO BECOME PART OF THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT, ACCESSIBLE AND EASY TO USE.

BIBLIOGRAPHY : : 

BIBLIOGRAPHY : www.wikipidia.com www.Flicker.com www.indianrailways.gov.in ECONOMIC SURVEY REPORT 2008-09 (INDIA TODAY) WWW.SCRIBD.COM Books: Railway station by julian ross (ISBN:) The modern station by brian edwards (ISBN) Movie: The Great Indian Railway; National Geographic Channel Photographs: Soumik mukherjee www.Flicker.com

Slide 43: 

THANK YOU

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