INDUSTRIAL SAFETY

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INDUSTRIAL SAFETY:

PRESENTED BY SONAM GANDHI DEPT.OF INDUSTRIAL PHARMACY INDUSTRIAL SAFETY

DEFINITIONS:

DEFINITIONS 2/28/2013 2 HAZARD :Hazard is term associated with a substance that is like to cause an injury in a given environment SAFETY: Safety in simple terms means fredom from occurrence of risk or injury or loss. INDUSTRIAL HAZARD : It is defined as condition produced by industries ,that may cause injury or death to a personnel (or )loss of product (or) property .

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION 2/28/2013 3 The pharmacists have moral responsibilities to take care safety in his profession and society Safety in pharmaceutical industry is essential mainly in these aspects (1)Handling Machineries and equipment (2)Careful handling of drugs and chemicals

CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS:

CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS 2/28/2013 4 Industrial hazards may be defined as accidents that occur in pharmaceutical industries fortunately(or)un fortunately Causes responsible for Industrial accidents and Hazards (a)Improper handling of machines (b)Negligence (c)poor house keeping (d)Handling of boiler

CLASSFICATION Industrial hazards can be classified as follows:

CLASSFICATION Industrial hazards can be classified as follows 2/28/2013 5 PRIMARY INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS SECONDARY INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS (1)Fire (1)Chemical (2)Accidents (2)Pharmaceutical (3)Electrical (3)Environmental (4)Light (4)Pollution

FIRE HAZARD:

FIRE HAZARD 2/28/2013 6 Main factors responsible for fire are oxygen,fuel,heat Major causes of fire hazards in industry are: (a)Smoking (b)Poor house keeping (c)Defective heating equipment (d) open flames (e)lighting (f)Explosive atmosphere

SAFETY ASPECTS IN FIRE PREVENTION fire prevention is better than fire combating:

SAFETY ASPECTS IN FIRE PREVENTION fire prevention is better than fire combating 2/28/2013 7 (a)The factory should be built up of fire resting materials like ferroconcrete and steel (b)Fire resistance brick wall (or)re in forced concrete wall can limit effect of an explosion (c)Smoking should be prohibited (d) Alarm,sand,water and first aid kit must be provided Hazardous operation should be isolated by conducting them in separate building

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION:

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 2/28/2013 8 Building should be constructed such that fire cannot spread from one building to another Every working (or) factory space should have at least 2 exit points Fire alarms should be placed in all the parts of plant,for exit of employees The roof is designed to lift under on explosion force

FIRE EXTINGUISHERS:

FIRE EXTINGUISHERS 2/28/2013 9 Commonly used fire extinguishers are water,sand,carbondioxide Now-a-days sprinklar system are used as fire extinguishers These are the devies used for discharging water automatically on fire When heat from the fire reaches the head automatically sprinkles water

CLASSES OF FIRE:

CLASSES OF FIRE 2/28/2013 10 CLASS A FIRE : Originated from ordinary combustible materials fire are controlled using water CLASS B FIRE : Originated from oils,greases CLASS C FIRE : Orginated from electrical equipments

ACCIDENTS:

ACCIDENTS 2/28/2013 11 An accident is an event that takes place with out fore sight (or)expectation ,which may result in personal injury and damage to the equipment and property MOST OF INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS ARE DUE TO (a)Faulty inspection (b) Inabilityof employee (c)Improper training about safety aspects (d)Lack of concentration (e)unsafe practice (f)Faulty equipment

SAFETY ASPECTS IN PREVENTION OF INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS:

SAFETY ASPECTS IN PREVENTION OF INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS 2/28/2013 12 Workers should follow strictly the GMP,SMP,SOP norms Adequent training must be given to the workers regarding safety Safety week should be celebrated once in a year and sufficient knowledge should be given to the workers Person should have concentration on the work

CATEGORIES OF TREATMENT:

CATEGORIES OF TREATMENT 2/28/2013 13 For people who a re likely to have accidents,the treatment is divided into three main categories MEDICAL ASSITANCE : Persons having physical difficulties are about 13% Such as defective vision and high blood pressure

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2/28/2013 14 PERSONALITY READJUSTMENTS: Faulty attitude,irresponsibility in 22% cases Treatment is psychological counselling OPERATING DEFECTS : The remaining 65% cases are due to poor job performance These are overcomed by re training them

ELECTRICAL HAZARDS:

ELECTRICAL HAZARDS 2/28/2013 15 The most common hazards of electrical equipment are wiring and short circuit (a)Spark (b)Ignition of gases (c) Vapours (or)combustible dusts (d)High temperature (e)Over loading of the equipment (f)use of low guage and low quality cable (g) earthing facilities

SAFETY ASPECTS IN ELECTRICAL HAZARDS:

SAFETY ASPECTS IN ELECTRICAL HAZARDS 2/28/2013 16 (a)Perfect earthing of equipment (b)Combustible materials should be protected by metal shields(or) asbestos,glass fabric(or)flame proof,canavas blanket Static electricity can be one of the ignition sources from which these accidents orginate

LIGHT:

LIGHT 2/28/2013 17 There is close relation between industrial accidents and light Lack of proper light results in lack of concentration,stress on eyes,fatigue and eye diseases like neuropathy

SECONDARY INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS:

SECONDARY INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS 2/28/2013 18 CHEMICALS AND PHARMACEUTICALS: The reactivity makes these chemicals to be hazardious Reactions are always carried out with proper plan so as not to face any mishaps(accident) (a)wrong raw material (b)Equipment failure (c)changing operating conditions

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2/28/2013 19 Many drugs and chemicals handled in industry may be hazardous,irritant and toxic to the skin,eye and human body,if not handled properly Examples: ( a)corrosive materials: sodiumhyroxide,sulfuric acid ( b)Reactive materials: pure sodium,pottassium metals,cyanides ( c)ignitable substances: Gasoline,hexane,natural gas

SAFETY ASPECT IN CHEMICAL HAZARDS:

SAFETY ASPECT IN CHEMICAL HAZARDS 2/28/2013 20 (a)protective dresses,aprons,coats,caps,gloves Shoes,goggles,and face masks are used (b)Few chemicals should be used carefully in isolated place (or)fuming cup boards (c)consumption of tranquiliser drugs (or) alchol should be avoided when working with machinary and equipment (d)Control humidity, temperature is important

ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS:

ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS 2/28/2013 21 Humidity,temperature and air circulation and good illumination of light are important aspects,if not environmental hazards occurs EXAMPLES:In tablet punching compression room,lot of dust is produced and if inhale the dust,may suffer from respiratory disease like chronic bronchitis

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS:

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 2/28/2013 22 Proper ventillation,clean air should be provided Exhaust and air condition should be provided in Q.C room GMP should be strictly followed in industries Establishment of safety department in the industry Periodic recording of environment

POLLUTION HAZARD:

POLLUTION HAZARD 2/28/2013 23 Pollution is one of the most important factor which causes many hazards like water,air,noise pollution Water is most commonly used in industry,if it is not provided in pure form result in contamination of pharmaceutical product Water pollution:if water is not in pure form many hazard like contaminaion,born diseases may occur

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2/28/2013 24 Air pollution:Air pollution affect the environment and being different ways health problem may occur like optic irritation,bronchitis,lung cancer

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2/28/2013 25 Noise Pollution:Noice of electrical compress machinary are hazards which make barrier communication of employees

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH HAZARD:

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH HAZARD 2/28/2013 26 Exposure to the drugs in manufacture area causes immunological reaction and even changes in intestinal flora were observed EXAMPLES:Becampicillin,allupurinol causes immunological reactions Nitroglycerin( Nitrobid ):causes hyper- oestrogine symptoms followed anginia pectories and death

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