Session 1_BS

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Behavioral and Allied Science : 

Behavioral and Allied Science Ms. Snigdha Malhotra

Curriculum : 

Curriculum Self Esteem Attitude Understanding Self Emotional Intelligence Effective Listening Behavioral Adjustments Stress Management Coping Strategies

MODULE 1: SELF-ESTEEM : 

MODULE 1: SELF-ESTEEM

Overview : 

Overview Self-Esteem…What is it? Self-Esteem…What’s it made of? Types of Self-esteem The secret to improving Self-esteem

Self-Esteem…What is it? : 

Self-Esteem…What is it? Self-esteem refers to the way we see and think about ourselves. Self-esteem encompasses beliefs (for example, "I am competent-incompetent") and emotions (for example, triumph-despair, pride-shame).

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Self esteem is a concept of personality, for it to grow, we need to have self worth, and this self worth will be sought from embracing challenges that result in the showing of success. Implicit self-esteem refers to a person's disposition to evaluate themselves positively or negatively in a spontaneous, automatic, or unconscious manner. It contrasts with explicit self-esteem, which entails more conscious and reflective self-evaluation.

Self-Esteem…What’s it made of? : 

Self-Esteem…What’s it made of? Your self-esteem is made up of all the experiences and interpersonal relationships you’ve had in your life. Everyone you’ve ever met has added to or taken away from how you see yourself!

The Effects of High Self-Esteem : 

The Effects of High Self-Esteem People with high self-esteem possess the following characteristics: -They like to meet new people. -They don’t worry about how others will judge them. -They have the courage to express themselves. -Their lives are enriched with each new encounter.

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-They are nicer to be around. -Their ideas are met with interest because others want to hear what they have to say. -They are magnets to positive opportunities! People with high self-esteem have an “I think I can” attitude!

The Effects of Low Self-Esteem : 

The Effects of Low Self-Esteem People with low self-esteem possess the following characteristics: -They don’t believe in themselves. -They see themselves failing before they begin. -They have a hard time forgiving their mistakes and make themselves pay the price forever. -They believe they can never be as good as they should be or as others.

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-They are afraid to show their creativity because they will be ridiculed. -They are dissatisfied with their lives. -They spend most of their time alone. -They complain and criticize. -They worry about everything and do nothing. People with low self-esteem have an “I can’t do it” attitude.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Model : 

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Model

Contd. : 

Contd. He described two different forms of esteem: the need for respect from others and the need for self-respect, or inner self-esteem. Respect from others entails recognition acceptance status and appreciation and was believed to be more fragile and easily lost than inner self - esteem. According to Maslow, without the fulfillment of the self-esteem need, individuals will be driven to seek it and unable to grow and obtain self-actualization.

12 Steps to High Self-Esteem : 

12 Steps to High Self-Esteem Step 1 -Forgive yourself for past mistakes. Step 2 -Focus on your positive attributes. Step 3 -Follow the example of successful people. Step 4 -Become a self talker. Step 5 -Exhibit a good attitude. Step 6 -Get plenty of rest.

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Step 7 -Make your work skills your own Step 8 -Practice your talents Step 9 -Become physically fit. Step 10 -Learn new things. Step 11 -Improve your personal relationships. Step 12 -Dress well!

CONCLUSION : 

CONCLUSION Self-esteem comes from every experience of your life. How you view yourself affects everything you do in life. High self-esteem gives you a GOOD feeling about yourself. Low self-esteem distorts your view of yourself. Self-esteem can me improved. You are a unique individual. No one else is like you in the whole world. This makes you special already! Our time in this world is limited. Make it happen for you so you leave your mark in history!

MODULE 2: Attitude : 

MODULE 2: Attitude

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Attitude There is little difference in people, but that little difference makes a big difference. The little difference is attitude. The big difference is whether it is positive or negative.”

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What is Attitude? A manner showing one’s feeling or thoughts. An attitude is a hypothetical construct that represents an individual's degree of like or dislike for an item. Attitudes are generally positive or negative views of a person, place, thing, or event-- this is often referred to as the attitude object.

ABC Model : 

ABC Model

Attitudes and Change : 

Attitudes and Change Affective ASPECTS OF ATTITUDE Behavioural What a person knows about the situation How the person feels about it How the person reacts People build up attitudes which fit their needs and values as they perceive them to be :

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Previous Experience Existing values, beliefs and theories Frames of Reference Formal work teams You can’t simply expose people to new attitudes and expect them to accept them Perception of need Informal Groups

Changing the Attitude : 

Changing the Attitude It helps to develop an adaptive learning capacity within the organisation

Changing the Attitude : 

Changing the Attitude Coercive So Which CHANGE STRATEGIES will be most effective? Re-educative Rational explanation of need for change Imposing the change - use of authority Highlighting the benefits of change

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The Attitude - Behavior link Attitude is the way we think, feel and act. And it is the way we react to the world around us. It determines the quality and effectiveness of our thinking, emotions and behavior, and the positive or negative consequences of that behavior. Attitude is based upon our expectations and perceptions, our definition of "reality."

The three basic attitudes in the working world. : 

The three basic attitudes in the working world. Spectators with neutral attitudes. They watch life happen and observe others. They play it safe and avoid risks. Spectators are afraid of change. They often are tired or detached. Their defining word is "maybe." Typical phrases: "I doubt it," "I might," "I don’t know" and "I don’t want to.“ Critics with negative attitudes. They comment on life and complain. They critique after the fact, imposing their "expertise" and finding fault in others. Critics are annoyed about change. They often appear frustrated or pessimistic. Their defining word is "No!" Typical phrases: "I can’t," "I won’t," "No way" and "You made me."

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Players with positive attitudes. They actively participate in life and embrace opportunities. They take risks and are willing to make mistakes. Players enjoy learning and change. They usually are confident and optimistic. Their defining word is "Yes!" Typical phrases: "I can," "I will," "I’m sure" and "I choose to.”

Four steps to change your attitude: : 

Four steps to change your attitude: Recognize it. Pay attention to your internal dialogue, especially when you feel disappointed or frustrated. What are you saying to yourself? It’s probably negative, and untrue or unfair. Stop it. You don’t deserve the kind of negative judgments you may have been making on yourself. 3. Restate it. It’s very important to reframe negative statements into positive , more accurate – ones. For example, change: "I’ll never ..." to "That was disappointing. Oh well, better next time." 4. Reward yourself. Acknowledge that you caught negative statements and turned them around.

THANK YOU : 

THANK YOU Prof.Sujeesha Rao

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