3bPresent and past participle phrases 3b

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Present and past participle phrases:

Present and past participle phrases

Grammar in Context:

Grammar in Context 1. Feeling sick that day, Sam decided to stay in bed. 2. Having studied for an hour, he took a break and watched TV. 3. Shocked by the scary movie, he had a nightmare that night. 4. Dreaming of the ghosts in the movie, he slept badly.

Present participle phrases:

Present participle phrases Show the sequence of actions E.g Standing on the stage. She sang. (she stood on the stage. She sang) One action follows another e.g Dropping the gun, he put his hands in the air. (he dropped the gun and put his hands in the air)

Slide 4:

Show the cause and effect for the actions E.g living in a small village in china for years, she learnt about traditional herbal medicine. ( as she lived in a small village in China for years, she learnt about traditional herbal medicine)

Slide 6:

Replace a time clause such as ‘ when ’ E.g seeing a scary picture, she nearly fainted. ( when she saw a scary picture, she nearly fainted)

Form :

Form E.g Charmmy visited a temple. She made a wish. (visiting the temple, charmmy made a wish) * shared subject= charmmy The phrase goes first , followed by the main course.

exercise:

exercise As Ron read stories until midnight, his eyes were tired. Ans: The witch jumped on the broomstick and flew away. Ans:

Slide 9:

Elaine dropped her cup after she saw a ghost in the mirror. Ans: When she saw him, she was surprised. Ans:

Past participle phrases :

Past participle phrases Show the sequence of actions E.g two actions occur at the same time E.g Visited by millions of people every year, universal studio has become a must-go tourist spot. (Universal Studio is visited by millions of people every year. It has become a must-go tourist spot.

One action follows another:

One action follows another E.g surprised to hear that it was a ghost house, he wanted to leave once. ( he was surprised to hear that it was ghost house, he wanted to leave once.)

forms:

forms Similar to present participle phrases *past participle ( usually – ed/d form) Not action verbs.

exercise:

exercise 1. Ivan is influenced by his friends. He is now interested in reading ghost stories. Ans: 2. Chado is fascinated by the dance moves, he decided to make his own. Ans:

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